United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
The United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence is dedicated to overseeing the United States Intelligence Community—the agencies and bureaus of the federal government of the United States who provide information and analysis for leaders of the executive and legislative branches. The Committee was established in 1976 by the 94th Congress; the Committee is "select" in that membership rotated among members of the chamber. The committee comprises 15 members. Eight of those seats are reserved for one majority and one minority member of each of the following committees: Appropriations, Armed Services, Foreign Relations, Judiciary. Of the remaining seven, four are members of the majority, three are members of the minority. In addition, the Majority Leader and Minority Leader are non-voting ex officio members of the committee; the Chairman and Ranking Member of the Committee on Armed Services are ex officio members. As part of its oversight responsibilities, the Committee performs an annual review of the intelligence budget submitted by the president and prepares legislation authorizing appropriations for the various civilian and military agencies and departments comprising the intelligence community.
These entities include the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Security Agency, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, as well as the intelligence-related components of Department of State, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of the Treasury, Department of Energy. The Committee makes recommendations to the Senate Armed Services Committee on authorizations for the intelligence-related components of the U. S. Army, U. S. Navy, U. S. Air Force, U. S. Marine Corps; the Committee conducts periodic investigations and inspections of intelligence activities and programs. The Select Committee on Intelligence was preceded by the Church Committee. Senator Daniel K. Inouye became the first chairman of the committee when it was established until 1979. Former Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet was staff director of the committee when David Boren of Oklahoma was its chairman; the committee was the center of much controversy and contention during the run-up to the war in Iraq in 2002 and 2003, when chairmanship of the committee changed hands following the November 2002 election.
Among the committee staff members at that time were: Professional Staff Member. On July 9, 2004, the committee issued the Report of the Select Committee on Intelligence on the U. S. Intelligence Community's Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq, on June 5, 2008, it issued a long-delayed portion of its "phase two" investigative report, which compared the prewar public statements made by top Bush administration officials to justify the invasion with the intelligence information, available to them at that time. In a March 6, 2008, letter to the Senate leadership, 14 of the 15 members of the Committee proposed the creation of a new Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Intelligence to prepare the annual intelligence budget; the proposed Subcommittee, on which members of the Intelligence Committee would be represented, would increase the Committee's influence and leverage over executive branch intelligence agencies, require continuing disclosure of the annual budget for the National Intelligence Program.
The proposal has been opposed by the leadership of the Senate Appropriations Committee, however. In 2013, beyond, the SSCI received renewed attention in the wake of Edward Snowden's disclosures regarding the NSA surveillance of communications. Senator Dianne Feinstein and the SSCI made several statements on the matter, one of, notably disputed: that the NSA tracked US citizens locations via cellphone; the SSCI Staff Director, David Grannis, claimed that the NSA did not collect cellphone location, claiming the Senator was "speaking extemporaneously". The SSCI came to prominence in relation to voting to publish in March 2014 and publishing in December 2014 of a report on the policies of the CIA on torture. Beginning in 2017, the SSCI has been investigating Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, possible incriminating links between members of the Russian government and Donald Trump's presidential campaign, the security of election processes in the United States. Source: Member list Source: Member List Christopher Joyner, 2015–present David Grannis, 2009–2014 Andy Johnson, 2004–2008 Alfred Cumming, 2000–2003 George Tenet, 1989–1993 Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA torture James R. Clapper § Testimony to Congress on NSA surveillance programs, 2013 List of current United States Senate committees United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence United States Senate Committee on Armed Services Computational propaganda U.
S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Official Website Committee Publications Committee Hearing Schedule & Archive Committee Press Releases US GPO Congressional Directory includes information on past members
Gary Charles Peters Sr. is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior United States Senator from Michigan since 2015. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the U. S. Representative for Michigan's 14th congressional district from 2013 until his election to the Senate; the district includes the eastern half of Detroit, as well as the Grosse Pointes, Hamtramck and Pontiac. He represented Michigan's 9th congressional district from 2009 to 2013. Following the redrawing of congressional district boundaries after the 2010 United States Census, Peters defeated fellow U. S. Representative Hansen Clarke in the Democratic primary and won reelection in the newly redrawn 14th district. Before his election to Congress, Peters served in the United States Navy Reserve, spent 22 years as an investment advisor, worked in academia, he was elected to the Rochester Hills City Council in 1991, going on to represent the 14th District in the Michigan Senate from 1995 to 2002. He was the Democratic nominee for Michigan Attorney General in 2002, narrowly losing to Republican Mike Cox.
He was appointed Commissioner of the Michigan Lottery by Governor Jennifer Granholm, serving from 2003 to 2008, when he resigned to run for Congress. In 2014, Peters was elected to the United States Senate seat held by retiring Democratic Senator Carl Levin, he was unopposed in the Democratic primary and defeated Republican Terri Lynn Land in the general election. He was the only non-incumbent Democrat to win a 2014 Senate election and the only Senate freshman from the Democratic Party in the 114th Congress. Peters was born December 1958 in Pontiac, where he grew up, he is Herbert Garrett Peters, a historian and statistician. His mother was a French war bride and his father was American, he graduated from Rochester High School in 1976 and Alma College in 1980. He received a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Detroit in 1984. Peters holds a J. D. degree from the Wayne State University Law School and an M. A. degree in philosophy from Michigan State University. Peters served as a Lieutenant Commander and an Assistant Supply Officer in the United States Navy Reserve.
His reserve duty included time in the Persian Gulf supporting Operation Southern Watch, he served overseas during increased military activity following the September 11, 2001 attacks. During his service he received awards and citations, including the Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal and the Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal, he served on the Rochester Hills City Council from 1991 to 1993. Peters worked for 22 years as a financial advisor, serving as an assistant vice president at Merrill Lynch from 1980 until 1989 when he joined Paine Webber as a vice president. From 2007 to 2008, Peters served as the third Griffin Endowed Chair in American Government at Central Michigan University. In that part-time position, he taught one class a semester, plus preparing additional student activities including two policy forums, developing a journal of Michigan politics and policy, for $65,000 a year. Peters announced his candidacy to run for Congress two months after being hired. Student activists protested Peters’ hiring, saying he could not be objective in the classroom while running for office and that the university job was subsidizing his campaign.
Peters has taught finance at Wayne State and strategic management and business policy courses at Oakland University. He has been a senior policy and financial analyst for the Michigan Department of Treasury, served on arbitration panels for the National Association of Securities Dealers, the New York Stock Exchange and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. In November 1994, Peters was elected to the Michigan Senate to represent the Oakland County-based 14th district, he was served until 2002, when he was reached the term limit. Peters was succeeded in the 14th district by Gilda Jacobs; the district is one of the most diverse state Senate districts—containing nearly every racial and religious group in Michigan. Located in southeastern Oakland County, it includes the cities of Pontiac, Bloomfield Hills and Oak Park. Peters was chosen by his Democratic colleagues to chair his party's caucus, he was a member of the Michigan Law Revision Commission and served on the Michigan Sentencing Commission.
Both the Michigan State House of Representatives and the Senate passed a bill sponsored by Peters which banned any new wells under the state waters of the Great Lakes except in case of a state energy emergency. The bill passed into law without the signature of Governor John Engler, he served as the vice chairman of the Senate Finance, Education and Economic Development Committees. He was a member of the Natural Resources and the Mental Health and Human Services Committee. In his final year as a member of the Michigan Senate, Peters was a candidate for governor and for Attorney General; as the Democratic nominee for attorney general, he lost to Republican Mike Cox. Peters came within 5,200 votes of Cox—less than a 0.17 percent margin. Peters decided not to contest the election results despite reported irregularities. Several mistakes were found during analysis, including a precinct in Dearborn which recorded Peters with 96 votes when he had 396; the race was the closest statewide contest in Michigan since the 1950 gubernatorial race.
Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm appointed Peters as the Michigan Lottery commissioner on April 9, 2003, where he was preceded by Jim Kipp and succeeded by Scott Bowen. 2008 On August 7, 2007, Peters ended months of speculation by formally announcing he would run against eight-term Republican congressman Joe Knollenber
United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
The Committee on Armed Services is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation’s military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy, benefits for members of the military, the Selective Service System and other matters related to defense policy. The Armed Services Committee was created as a result of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 following U. S. victory in the Second World War. It merged the responsibilities of the Committee on Naval Affairs and the Committee on Military Affairs. Considered one of the most powerful Senate committees, its broad mandate allowed it to report some of the most extensive and revolutionary legislation during the Cold War years, including the National Security Act of 1947; the committee tends to take a more bipartisan approach than other committees, as many of its members served in the military or have major defense interests located in the states they come from.
According to the Standing Rules of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, petitions and other matters relating to the following subjects are referred to the Armed Services Committee: Aeronautical and space activities pertaining to or associated with the development of weapons systems or military operations. Common defense. Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, the Department of the Air Force, generally. Maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal, including administration and government of the Canal Zone. Military research and development. National security aspects of nuclear energy. Naval petroleum reserves, except those in Alaska. Pay, promotion and other benefits and privileges of members of the Armed Forces, including overseas education of civilian and military dependents. Selective service system. Strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense. Source: Source: 2010 Congressional Record, Vol. 156, Page S6226 Source: 2011 Congressional Record, Vol. 157, Page S557 Source: 2013 Congressional Record, Vol. 159, Page S296 United States House Committee on Armed Services List of current United States Senate committees Official website Senate Armed Services Committee Report on Torture released November 20, 2008.
Historic archives at Internet Archive: Works by or about Committee on Armed Services at Internet Archive Works by or about Committee on Naval Affairs at Internet Archive Works by or about Committee on Military Affairs at Internet Archive
115th United States Congress
The One Hundred Fifteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D. C. from January 3, 2017, to January 3, 2019, during the final weeks of Barack Obama's presidency and the first two years of Donald Trump's presidency. Several political scientists described the legislative accomplishments of this Congress as modest, considering that both Congress and the Presidency were under unified Republican Party control. According to a contemporary study, "House and Senate GOP majorities struggled to legislate: GOP fissures and an undisciplined, unpopular president undermined the Republican agenda. Most notably, clashes within and between the two parties strained old ways of doing business." January 5, 2017: House of Representatives condemned United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334. January 6, 2017: Joint session counted and certified the electoral votes of the 2016 presidential election.
January 11–12, 2017: Senate, in an all-night session, took first steps to repeal the Affordable Care Act. The final vote was 51 to 48 to approve a budget resolution to allow "broad swaths of the Affordable Care Act to be repealed through a process known as budget reconciliation." January 20, 2017: Inauguration of President Donald Trump. February 7, 2017: Vice President Mike Pence cast the tie-breaking vote to confirm Betsy DeVos as Secretary of Education; this was the first time in United States history that a cabinet confirmation was tied in the Senate and required a tie-breaking vote. February 28, 2017: President's speech to a Joint Session. April 6, 2017: Senate invoked the "nuclear option" to weaken Supreme Court filibusters. Nominee Neil Gorsuch was confirmed the next day. June 14, 2017: Majority Whip Steve Scalise and several staffers were shot during the 2017 Congressional baseball shooting, they were practicing for the annual Congressional Baseball Game. September 1, 2017: The Parliamentarian of the United States Senate decreed that the Senate had until the end of the month to pass ACA repeal via the reconciliation process, or the option would no longer be viable.
October 24 – December 14, 2017: 2017 United States political sexual scandals from the "Me too" movement: Allegations that Congressman Ruben Kihuen sexually harassed a campaign staffer led some in congressional leadership to call for his resignation. Kihuen announced he would not seek another term in office. Senator Al Franken announced he would resign "in the coming weeks" after photographs were made public suggesting that he sexually assaulted a Los Angeles-based radio personality during a USO tour in Iraq in 2006, he was accused by multiple female constituents of groping at various Minnesota fair appearances that he attended. Three members of Congress either announced their impeding resignations. Allegations that President Donald Trump raped and sexually harassed at least nineteen women, one girl, Miss Teen USA contestants resulted in calls by members of Congress for him to resign. Allegations that Republican Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore raped and sexually harassed at least eight women and one girl contributed to his defeat by Democrat Doug Jones in a special Senate election to replace Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
Allegations that Representative Blake Farenthold sexually harassed a former staffer resulted in the commencement of an investigation by the House Ethics Committee and his announcement he would not seek re-election in 2018. He subsequently resigned on April 6, 2018. January 20–22, 2018: United States federal government shutdown of January 2018 January 30, 2018: 2018 State of the Union Address February 9, 2018: United States federal government funding gap October 6, 2018: Senate confirms Brett Kavanaugh's nomination to the U. S. Supreme Court. November 28, 2018: Senate discharges from committee and calendars S. J. Res. 54, bill that ends US intervention in the Yemeni Civil War. December 22, 2018 – January 25, 2019: 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown May 5, 2017: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2017, H. R. 244, Pub. L. 115–31 August 2, 2017: Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, H. R. 3364, Pub. L. 115–44 December 12, 2017: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, H.
R. 2810, Pub. L. 115–91 December 22, 2017: Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, H. R. 1, Pub. L. 115–97 February 9, 2018: Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, H. R. 1892, Pub. L. 115–123 March 23, 2018: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018, H. R. 1625, Pub. L. 115–141 April 11, 2018: Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act, H. R. 1865, Pub. L. 115–164 May 24, 2018: Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act, S. 2155, Pub. L. 115–174 May 30, 2018: Trickett Wendler, Frank Mongiello, Jordan McLinn, Matthew Bellina Right to Try Act of 2017, S. 204, Pub. L. 115–176 August 13, 2018: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, H. R. 5515, Pub. L. 115–232 October 5, 2018: FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, H. R. 302, Pub. L. 115–254 October 11, 2018: Music Modernization Act, H. R. 1551, Pub. L. 115–264 October 23, 2018: America's Water Infrastructure Act of 2018, S. 3021, Pub. L. 115–270 October 24, 2018: SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act, H. R. 6, Pub. L. 115–271 December 20, 2018: Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, H.
R. 2, Pub. L. 115–334 December 21, 2018: FIRST STEP Act, S. 756, Pub. L. 115–391 May 4, 2017: American Health Care Act, passed House May 4, 2017 June 8, 2017: Financial CHOICE Act, passed House June 8, 2017 Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below. Section contents: Senate: Majority, Minority • House: Majority, Minority President: Joe Biden
Rafael Edward Cruz is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator for Texas since 2013. He was the runner-up for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. Cruz holds degrees from Harvard Law School. From 1999 to 2003, he held various government positions, serving as Director of the Office of Policy Planning at the Federal Trade Commission, as an Associate Deputy Attorney General at the United States Department of Justice, as a Domestic Policy Advisor to George W. Bush during Bush's 2000 presidential campaign. Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003 to 2008, having been appointed by Texas Attorney General and Governor Greg Abbott, he was the longest-serving solicitor general in Texas history and the first Hispanic American to serve in that capacity. From 2004 to 2009, Cruz was an adjunct professor at the University of Texas School of Law in Austin, where he taught U. S. Supreme Court litigation. In 2012, Cruz ran for and won the U.
S. Senate seat being vacated by fellow Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison, he is the first Hispanic American to serve as a U. S. Senator from Texas. In 2016, Cruz ran for President of the United States, winning Republican contests in 12 states before withdrawing from the race, he was reelected to the Senate in 2018, defeating Democratic challenger Beto O'Rourke by a slim margin of 50.9% to 48.3% in the most expensive Senate race in U. S. history. Along with Bob Menendez and Marco Rubio, Cruz is one of three current U. S. Senators of Cuban descent. Cruz was born Rafael Edward Cruz on December 22, 1970, at Foothills Medical Centre in Calgary, Alberta, to Eleanor Elizabeth Wilson and Rafael Cruz. Eleanor Wilson was born in Delaware, she is of three-quarters Irish and one-quarter Italian descent, earned an undergraduate degree in mathematics from Rice University in the 1950s. Cruz's father was raised in Cuba, he left in 1957 to attend the University of Texas at Austin and obtained political asylum in the U.
S. after his four-year student visa expired. He earned Canadian citizenship in 1973 and became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 2005. At the time of his birth, Ted Cruz's parents had lived in Calgary for three years and were working in the oil business as owners of a seismic-data processing firm for oil drilling. Cruz has said that he is the son of "two mathematicians/computer programmers." In 1974, Cruz's father moved to Texas. That year, Cruz's parents reconciled and relocated the family to Houston, they divorced in 1997. Cruz has two older half-sisters, Miriam Ceferina Cruz and Roxana Lourdes Cruz, from his father's first marriage. Miriam died in 2011. Cruz attended two private high schools: Faith West Academy, near Texas. During high school, Cruz participated in a Houston-based group known at the time as the Free Market Education Foundation, a program that taught high school students the philosophies of economists such as Milton Friedman and Frédéric Bastiat. Cruz graduated cum laude from Princeton University in 1992 with a Bachelor of Arts in public policy from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.
While at Princeton, he competed for the American Whig-Cliosophic Society's Debate Panel and won the top speaker award at both the 1992 U. S. National Debating Championship and the 1992 North American Debating Championship. In 1992, he was named U. S. National Speaker of the Year and, with his debate partner David Panton, Team of the Year by the American Parliamentary Debate Association. Cruz and Panton represented Harvard Law School at the 1995 World Debating Championship, losing in the semifinals to a team from Australia. Princeton's debate team named their annual novice championship after Cruz. Cruz's senior thesis at Princeton investigated the separation of powers. Cruz argued that the drafters of the Constitution intended to protect their constituents' rights, that the last two items in the Bill of Rights offer an explicit stop against an all-powerful state. After graduating from Princeton, Cruz attended Harvard Law School, graduating magna cum laude in 1995 with a Juris Doctor degree. While at Harvard Law, he was a primary editor of the Harvard Law Review, an executive editor of the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, a founding editor of the Harvard Latino Law Review.
Referring to Cruz's time as a student at Harvard Law, Professor Alan Dershowitz said, "Cruz was off-the-charts brilliant". At Harvard Law, Cruz was a John M. Olin Fellow in Economics. Cruz serves on the Board of Advisors of the Texas Review of Politics. Cruz served as a law clerk to J. Michael Luttig of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in 1995 and to William Rehnquist, Chief Justice of the United States, in 1996, he was the first Hispanic to clerk for a Chief Justice of the United States. After Cruz finished his clerkships, he took a position with Cooper, Carvin & Rosenthal, now known as Cooper & Kirk, PLLC, from 1997 to 1998. At the firm, Cruz worked on matters relating to the National Rifle Association and helped prepare testimony for the impeachment proceedings against President Bill Clinton. In 1998, Cruz was one of the attorneys who represented Representative John Boehner during his litigation against Representative Jim McDermott over the alleged leak of an illegal recording of a phone conversation whose participants included Boehner.
Cruz joined the George W. Bush presidential campaign in 1999 as a domes
Thomas Bryant Cotton is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator for Arkansas since January 3, 2015. He is a member of the Republican Party. Cotton was raised in Dardanelle, Arkansas. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Harvard University, Cotton returned to Harvard Law School and graduated in 2002. After law school, he worked for Dunn & Crutcher. In 2005, he enlisted in the U. S. Army, where he rose to the rank of First Lieutenant. Cotton's military background includes service in Afghanistan and deployment to Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Cotton served in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2015, he was first elected to the U. S. Senate at age 37 in 2014, defeating two-term Democratic incumbent Mark Pryor. Tom Cotton was born on May 1977 in Dardanelle, Arkansas. Cotton's father, Thomas Leonard "Len" Cotton, was a district supervisor in the Arkansas Health Department, his mother, Avis Cotton, was a schoolteacher who became principal of their district's middle school.
Cotton's family had lived in rural Arkansas for seven generations, he grew up on his family's cattle farm. He attended Dardanelle High School where he played on the regional basketball teams. While in high school, Cotton developed an intense desire to attend Harvard University, worked intently on his studies toward that goal, he was accepted to Harvard after graduating from high school in 1995, majored in government. At Harvard, Cotton was a member of the editorial board of The Harvard Crimson dissenting from the liberal majority. In articles, Cotton addressed, he graduated with an A. B. magna cum laude in 1998 after only three years of study, having written his senior thesis on The Federalist Papers. After graduating from Harvard, Cotton was accepted into a master's degree program at Claremont Graduate University, he left in 1999, saying that he found academic life "too sedentary", instead enrolled at Harvard Law School. Cotton received his J. D. in 2002. After finishing law school in 2002, he served for a year as a clerk for Judge Jerry Edwin Smith at the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
He entered the practice of law, working at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher for a few months, at the law firm of Charles J. Cooper & Kirk from 2003 to 2004. On January 11, 2005, Cotton enlisted in the U. S. Army. Cotton declined offers to serve in the Army J. A. G. Corps and instead volunteered for the infantry. Cotton had resolved to serve as an Army infantryman in his third year of law school while watching live news coverage of the September 11 attacks, had begun a regimen of physical exercise and studying military history. In March 2005, he entered Officer Candidate School, in June 2005 was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. In May 2006, Cotton was deployed to Baghdad as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom as a platoon leader with the 101st Airborne Division. In Iraq, he led a 41-man air assault infantry platoon in the 506th Infantry Regiment, planned and performed daily combat patrols. In December 2006, Cotton was promoted to First Lieutenant, he was assigned as a platoon leader for the 3rd U. S.
Infantry Regiment at Arlington National Cemetery in Northern Virginia. In October 2008, Cotton was deployed to eastern Afghanistan, he was assigned within the Train Advise Assist Command – East at its Gamberi forward operating base in Laghman Province as the Operations Officer of a Provincial Reconstruction Team, where he planned daily counter-insurgency and reconstruction operations. His 11-month deployment ended on July 20, 2009 and he returned from Afghanistan, he returned to farming his family ranch. In July 2010, Cotton transferred to the U. S. Army Reserve, his military record shows his final discharge from the Army Reserve was in May 2013. In June 2006, while stationed in Iraq, Cotton gained international public attention after he wrote an open letter to the editor of The New York Times, accusing three journalists of violating "espionage laws" by publishing an article detailing a Bush administration secret program monitoring terrorists' finances; the New York Times did not publish the letter, but it was published on Power Line, a conservative blog, copied on the email.
In the letter, Cotton called for the journalists responsible for the newspaper article to be imprisoned for espionage. He asserted that the newspaper had "gravely endangered the lives of my soldiers and all other soldiers and innocent Iraqis here." The article was circulated online and reprinted in full in several newspapers. The letter reached General Peter Schoomaker, Chief of Staff of the United States Army, who forwarded it via e-mail to all his generals, stating: "Attached for your information are words of wisdom from one of our great lieutenants in Iraq..." Cotton said in an interview that after meeting with his immediate commander, he was "nervous and worried all night long" about losing his position and worse being court-martialed. When he met the battalion commander, he was told "Well, here's a piece of advice: You're new here. No one's trying to infringe on your right to send a whatnot, but next time, give your chain of command a heads-up." Shortly after Cotton's Afghanistan deployment ended, his former boss at the Claremont Institute introduced Cotton to Chris Chocola, a former Congressman and the president of Club for Growth, an influential Republican political action co
United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
The United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs is the chief oversight committee of the United States Senate. It has jurisdiction over matters related to the Department of Homeland Security and other homeland security concerns, as well as the functioning of the government itself, including the National Archives and accounting measures other than appropriations, the Census, the federal civil service, the affairs of the District of Columbia and the United States Postal Service, it was called the United States Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs before homeland security was added to its responsibilities in 2004. It serves as the Senate's chief investigative and oversight committee, its chair is the only Senate committee chair. While elements of the Committee can be traced back into the 19th century, its modern origins began with the creation of the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments on April 18, 1921; the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Department was renamed the Committee on Government Operations in 1952, reorganized as the Committee on Governmental Affairs in 1978.
After passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act of 2004, the Committee became the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and added homeland security to its jurisdiction. Of the five current subcommittees, the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations is the oldest and most storied, having been created at the same time as the Committee on Government Operations in 1952; the Subcommittee on the Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, the District of Columbia was established after the creation of the Committee on Governmental Affairs in 1978. The Subcommittee on Federal Financial Management, Government Information, Federal Services and International Security was created in 2003. Two ad hoc subcommittees were established in January 2007 to reflect the Committee's expanded homeland security jurisdiction, they were the Subcommittee on Disaster Recovery and the Subcommittee on State and Private Sector Preparedness and Integration. The Subcommittee on Contracting was added in 2009.
In 2011, the Disaster and State and Private Sector subcommittees were merged to form the Subcommittee on Disaster Recovery and Intergovernmental Affairs. Over the years, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs and its predecessors have dealt with a number of important issues, including government accountability, Congressional ethics, regulatory affairs, systems and information security. In 2003, after the Homeland Security Act of 2002 established the Department of Homeland Security, the Committee adopted primary oversight of the creation and subsequent policies and actions of the Department. In the past decade, the committee has focused on the Department of Homeland Security's ability to respond to a major catastrophe, such as Hurricane Katrina. In February 2014, staff working for committee ranking member Senator Tom Coburn issued a report raising concerns that some passwords protecting sensitive government data “wouldn’t pass muster for the most basic civilian email account.”
Source Medill McCormick 1921–1925 David A. Reed 1925–1927 Frederic M. Sackett 1927–1930 Guy D. Goff 1930–1931 Frederick Steiwer 1931–1933 J. Hamilton Lewis 1933–1939 Frederick Van Nuys 1939–1942 J. Lister Hill 1942–1947 George D. Aiken 1947–1949 John L. McClellan 1949-1952 John L. McClellan 1952–1953 Joseph R. McCarthy 1953–1955 John L. McClellan 1955–1972 Samuel J. Ervin Jr. 1972–1974 Abraham A. Ribicoff 1974–1977 Abraham A. Ribicoff 1977–1981 William V. Roth, Jr. 1981–1987 John H. Glenn, Jr. 1987–1995 William V. Roth, Jr. 1995 Theodore F. Stevens 1995–1997 Fred D. Thompson 1997–2001 Joseph I. Lieberman 2001 Fred D. Thompson 2001 Joseph I. Lieberman 2001–2003 Susan M. Collins 2003–2005 Susan M. Collins 2005–2007 Joseph I. Lieberman 2007–2013 Tom Carper 2013–2015 Ron Johnson 2015–present List of current United States Senate committees Official Committee Website Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov. U. S. Government Printing Office Page for the Committee of Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs