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United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs is a committee of the United States Senate charged with oversight in matters related to the Native American, Native Hawaiian, Alaska Native peoples. A Committee on Indian Affairs existed from 1820 to 1947, after which it was folded into the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. A new Native Affairs Committee was created in 1977 as a select committee, as a result of the detachment of indigenous affairs from the new Committee on Energy and National Resources, which had succeeded the old Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs; the committee was intended to be temporary, but was made permanent in 1984. The committee tends to include senators from Western and Plains states, who have more Native American constituents. In 1977, the Senate approved S. Res. 4 which re-established the Committee on Indian Affairs as a temporary select committee. The Select Committee was to disband at the close of the 95th Congress, but following several interim extensions, the Senate voted to make the Committee permanent on June 6, 1984.

The committee has jurisdiction to study the unique problems of Native American, Native Hawaiian, Alaska Native peoples and to propose legislation to alleviate these difficulties. These issues include, but are not limited to, Native education, economic development, land management, trust responsibilities, health care, claims against the United States. Additionally, all legislation proposed by Members of the Senate that pertains to Native Americans, Native Hawaiians, or Alaska Natives is under the jurisdiction of the committee; until 1946, when the Legislative Reorganization Act abolished both the House and Senate Committees on Indian Affairs, the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs had been in existence since the early 19th century. After 1946, Native affairs legislative and oversight jurisdiction was vested in subcommittees of the Interior and Insular Affairs Committees of the House of Representatives and the Senate. While this subcommittee arrangement may not have reflected a diminishment of the consideration given Native affairs by the Congress, the revised arrangement coincided with a 20-year hiatus in Native affairs known as the "Termination Era" – a period in which the prevailing policy of the United States was to terminate the Federal relationship with Native tribes or transfer jurisdiction over tribal lands to the states.

By the mid-1960s, this Termination philosophy was in decline as a failed policy and the Congress began to include Native tribes in legislation designed to rebuild the social infrastructure of the Nation and provide economic opportunities for economically depressed areas. In the early 1970s the Termination era was decisively ended with the enactment of the Menominee Restoration Act of 1973. Although a number of important legislative initiatives affecting Natives were enacted in the early 1970s, it became clear that the existing subcommittee structure was not providing an adequate forum for legislating appropriate solutions to problems confronting Native country. Legislative jurisdiction over Native affairs was fragmented among a number of committees. Overall, more than 10 committees in the Congress were responsible for Indian affairs, a situation which resulted in a sometimes disjointed treatment of Native affairs and in an haphazard development of Federal Native policy. In 1973, Senator James Abourezk introduced Senate Joint Resolution 133 to establish a Federal commission to review all aspects of policy and administration relating to affairs of the United States with American Native tribes and people.

The Senate and the House of Representatives both adopted S. J. Res. 133 and on January 2, 1975, the Resolution was signed into law by the President, thus establishing the American Indian Policy Review Commission. As the work of this Commission progressed, it became apparent that a full Senate committee with full legislative and oversight authority was needed to receive the report of the American Indian Policy Review Commission and to act upon its recommendations. Indeed, one of the final recommendations of the Commission was that a full-fledged Native Affairs Committee be established in the Senate. At the same time the Commission was formulating its recommendation for the establishment of a Native Affairs Committee, the Senate was developing a far-reaching proposal for reorganization of the entire Senate committee system. Under this proposal, the Subcommittee on Indian Affairs under the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs was to be abolished with its natural resource functions to be distributed among other newly formed Senate committees and its human resources functions to be transferred to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

In view of the pending report of the American Indian Policy Review Commission and its anticipated recommendations, the Senate revamped its committee reorganization proposal to include the establishment of a temporary select committee to receive the Commission's report and to act on its recommendations. Thus, there was included within S. Res. 4 of February 4, 1977, the Committee System Reorganization Amendments of 1977, a provision to establish a Select Committee on Native Affairs with full jurisdiction over all proposed legislation and other matters relating to Native affairs. With the commencement of the 96th Congress, the Select Committee on Indian Affairs was to expire and jurisdiction over Native matters was to be transferred to the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources; as the Select Committee on Indian Affairs grappled with the report of the American Indian Policy Review Commission and the many other Native issues that were presented to it during the 95th Congress, it became evident that if the Congress was to continue to meet its constitutional, l

Ally Pally Paradiso

Ally Pally Paradiso is a live promo only album by Big Audio Dynamite II released in 1991. It formed part of the limited edition version of The Globe album and was available by sending in a sticker included in the regular version of The Globe to the NME music magazine; the titles to several of the songs were changed for this release. All tracks composed by Don Letts and Mick Jones. "Babe" is known as Baby, Don't Apologise. "Messiahs of the Milk Bar" is known as Hollywood Boulevard. "Situation No Win" is known as Rush. "All St.'s Rd" is known as The Battle of All Saints Road. "I'm On the Right Track" is known as Contact. "1999" is a cover of Prince's hit. The Big Audio Dynamite II studio version of "City Lights" was released on the Rush US and UK CD singles; the UK version is longer. "Situation No Win" was released on the Rush US CD single as "Rush". The song was a hit in Germany and Switzerland in 1986 by the band William Pitt. Mick Jones - lead vocals, guitar Nick Hawkins - guitar, backing vocals Gary Stonadge - bass, backing vocals Chris Kavanagh - drums, backing vocals Capital Radio E.

P. A release by Mick Jones' earlier band The Clash which too was a token-covermount release with the NME. Ally Pally Paradiso at The Unofficial site


Abritus was an impressive Roman walled city and one of the biggest urban centres in the province of Moesia Inferior. Its remains are in the Archaeological Park of Razgrad. A Thracian settlement of the 3rd–4th century BC has been found on the north bank of the Beli Lom river, an early Roman settlement extended it in the late 1st or early 2nd century AD. At the end of the 1st century AD a Roman military camp was built, in the 2nd century the Cohors II Lucensium of the Legio XI Claudia was stationed here. In 251 during the Gothic invasions the Romans suffered a disastrous defeat and the death of the Emperor Decius and his son Herennius Etruscus at the Battle of Abritus, which took place about 15 km northwest of Abritus, in the valley of the river Beli Lom, to the south of the village of Dryanovets; the fortifications with massive walls, 3 m thick and 12 m high, were built around the town on the south bank of the river in 320–330 under Constantine the Great for immigrant "barbarians" as part of the policy of pacifying them.

However, the walls could not withstand the destruction of the city in the Gothic Wars in 376–8, in 447 by the Huns, in the 480s again by the Goths. Each time it was rebuilt, in the 5th–6th centuries Abritus was one of the largest cities in the province and seat of a bishop; the gates were narrowed under Justinian to provide better security. However the city was destroyed by the Avars in 586. A Bulgarian mediaeval settlement was built, which existed until the 10th century; the first archaeological survey was done in 1887 by Ananie Yavashov, regular excavations were conducted from 1953. The walls had 35 bastions projecting in front of the wall; the southern wall was more vulnerable than the others as it was overlooked by a slope outside, hence the southern gate was recessed from the wall, thicker in this area, a moat was dug outside it for extra protection. Two of the bastions have superstructures built to the original height to accentuate their impressive size. Army barracks were located to the side of the north gate.

Two aqueducts are known. The largest late empire hoard of gold coins in Bulgaria was found just inside the eastern wall consisting of 835 gold coins weighing 4 kg and dating from the 5th century hidden during the invasion of the Goths 487. Teofil Ivanov & Stoyan Stoyanov, ABRITVS - Its History and Archaeology, Razgrad: Cultural and Historical Heritage Directorate. A. P. Kazhdan, Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford: Oxford University Press, at 6. Teofil Ivanov, Archäologische Forschungen in Abrittus:, Sofia, BAN. Dinu Adameșteanu, "Abrittus Bulgaria." The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites Stillwell, Richard. MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland eds. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1976, Accessed on 1 April 2012. Abritus Archaeological Reserve, Razgrad at, Accessed on 21 April 2012. Abrytasites, an extinct zoological genus called after the Ancient city

NBA outdoor games

Only four National Basketball Association games have been played outdoors. The first outdoor game was played between the Phoenix Suns and the Milwaukee Bucks on September 24, 1972 at Hiram Bithorn Stadium, a baseball park in San Juan, Puerto Rico, during that year's preseason; the Suns defeated the Bucks, 116–103. The NBA did not schedule another outdoor game after that. However, in 2008, the Phoenix Suns planned to play a preseason game outdoors at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden in Indian Wells, California; the idea came from Suns part-owner Dick Heckmann, who presented it to Suns president and CEO Rick Welts. The game was played on October 11, 2008, between the Suns and the Denver Nuggets at the tennis arena. Both teams, affected by low temperature and high wind, struggled from the field as they shot below 40 percent and hit only 3 out of 27 from the three-point line. Key players, including Carmelo Anthony, Allen Iverson, Amar'e Stoudemire, missed the game due to injury. In the end, the Nuggets defeated the Suns, 77–72.

Due to the success of the 2008 game, the Suns decided to schedule more outdoor games in upcoming preseasons. On October 10, 2009, the Suns met the Golden State Warriors at Indian Wells. Due to poor weather, both teams struggled to find the basket. Warriors' Anthony Morrow had the game high 30 points, while Channing Frye led the Suns with 16 points; the Warriors won the game 104–101. The 2011 game was played on October 9 between the Dallas Mavericks. Unlike the previous games, the weather was windless; the Suns won for the first time, defeating the Mavericks 98–90. Five Suns players scored in double figures. José Juan Barea had 13 to lead the Mavericks. Dirk Nowitzki sat out the game. All modern outdoor games were televised on TNT; the WNBA has had one regular season game played outside, the Liberty Outdoor Classic, held at Arthur Ashe Stadium in Flushing, New York on July 19, 2008

Live Evolution

Live Evolution is the title of a 2001 live album and a DVD released by the American progressive metal band Queensrÿche. It was recorded over two nights at the Moore Theatre in Washington. On the CD the tracks were collected in suites, which represent different moments of the band production and include a large section of the concept album Operation: Mindcrime; the DVD contains footage shot at the same concerts and features less songs listed in the order they were played during the shows. "NM 156" "Roads to Madness" "The Lady Wore Black" "London" "Screaming in Digital" "I Am I" "Damaged" "Empire" "Silent Lucidity" "Jet City Woman" "Hit the Black" "Breakdown" "The Right Side of My Mind" "I Remember Now" "Revolution Calling" "Suite Sister Mary" "My Empty Room" "Eyes of a Stranger" "Take Hold of the Flame" "Queen of the Reich"Interviews Highlights PhotoGallery Band membersGeoff Tate - vocals Kelly Gray - guitar, sound mixing Michael Wilton - guitar Eddie Jackson - bass guitar Scott Rockenfield - drumsGuest musiciansPamela Moore - vocalsProductionTom Pfaeffle - mixing assistant Kip Bjelman - Pro-Tools technician Michael Drumm - DVD director and producer Cory Brennan, Jaison John, Dan Russo - DVD producers

Tim van de Molen

Timothy John van de Molen is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament in the House of Representatives for the National Party. Van de Molen lives in Tamahere and has worked as a farmer and a rural manager for Rabobank. In 2013, Tim won the NZ Young Farmer of the Year Award after coming runner up in 2011, he has a daughter and son. At the 2017 general election van de Molen stood in the electorate of Waikato, he had not stood for parliament or other office. The Waikato electorate has been held by the National party since 1938, apart from two periods where the electorate did not exist. Van de Molen was selected by National to replace Lindsay Tisch as their candidate. Van de Molen serves as the National Party's Third Whip, subordinate to the party's Senior Whip