Dyrol Jay Burleson is a retired middle-distance runner from the United States. He attended the University of Oregon. Burleson lettered in track and field in 1960, 1961, 1962, he won the AAU 1500 m title in 1959, 1961 and 1963, the NCAA title in the 1500 m in 1960, in the mile in 1961–62. Burleson was Pan American champion in 1959, in May 1962 he anchored the Oregon 4×mile relay team that set a new world record. In 2010 Burleson was inducted into the National Field Hall of Fame. Burleson is a member of the Cottage Grove High School Hall of Fame and holds the 1500m record in track and field at the high school. 1960 Summer Olympic Games 1500 meters: 3:40.9 1964 Summer Olympic Games 1500 meters: 3:40.0 1960 American Record holder 1500 meters: 3:41.3 1960 American Record holder 1500 meters: 3:40.9 1960 American Record holder 1 Mile: 3:58.6 1961 American Record holder 1 Mile: 3:57.6
Basketball at the 1964 Summer Olympics
Basketball contests at the 1964 Summer Olympics took place at the Yoyogi National Gymnasium in Tokyo, Japan from October 11 to October 23. The United States defeated the Soviet Union to win their sixth straight gold medal at this event, while Brazil earned the bronze against Puerto Rico. Automatic qualifications were granted to the host country and the first eight places at the previous tournament. Additional spots were decided by various continental tournaments held by FIBA plus two additional intercontinental tournaments that granted six extra berths total, after the withdrawal of United Arab Republic and Czechoslovakia. A Withdrew from the tournament. B Replacement teams. Two groups of eight teams are formed, where the top two from each group compete for the medals in a knockout round; the remaining places are defined as follows: Fifth through eighth places are decided in a separate bracket between the third and fourth places from each group in a separate bracket. Ninth through sixteenth places are decided between the fifth through eighth places from each group in separate brackets.
The top two teams from each group advance to the semifinals, while the remaining teams compete for 5th through 16th places in separate brackets. Both group leaders, the United States and the Soviet Union advanced undefeated to the knockout stage. October 11 October 12 October 13 October 14 October 16 October 17 October 18 October 11 October 12 October 13 October 14 October 16 October 17 October 18 5th–8th Place 9th–12th Place 13th–16th Place
Flag of the United States
The flag of the United States of America referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States. It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton bearing fifty small, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars alternate with rows of five stars; the 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America, the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain, became the first states in the U. S. Nicknames for the flag include the Stars and Stripes, Old Glory, the Star-Spangled Banner; the current design of the U. S. flag is its 27th. The 48-star flag was in effect for 47 years until the 49-star version became official on July 4, 1959; the 50-star flag was ordered by the president Eisenhower on August 21, 1959, was adopted in July 1960. It is the longest-used version of the U. S. has been in use for over 58 years.
At the time of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776, the Continental Congress would not adopt flags with "stars, white in a blue field" for another year. The flag contemporaneously known as "the Continental Colors" has been referred to as the first national flag; the Continental Navy raised the Colors as the ensign of the fledgling nation in the American War for Independence—likely with the expedient of transforming their previous British red ensigns by adding white stripes—and would use this flag until 1777, when it would form the basis for the subsequent de jure designs. The name "Grand Union" was first applied to the Continental Colors by George Preble in his 1872 history of the U. S. flag. The flag resembles the British East India Company flag of the era, Sir Charles Fawcett argued in 1937 that the company flag inspired the design. Both flags could have been constructed by adding white stripes to a British Red Ensign, one of the three maritime flags used throughout the British Empire at the time.
However, an East India Company flag could have from nine to 13 stripes, was not allowed to be flown outside the Indian Ocean. Benjamin Franklin once gave a speech endorsing the adoption of the Company's flag by the United States as their national flag, he said to George Washington, "While the field of your flag must be new in the details of its design, it need not be new in its elements. There is in use a flag, I refer to the flag of the East India Company." This was a way of symbolising American loyalty to the Crown as well as the United States' aspirations to be self-governing, as was the East India Company. Some colonists felt that the Company could be a powerful ally in the American War of Independence, as they shared similar aims and grievances against the British government tax policies. Colonists therefore flew the Company's flag. However, the theory that the Grand Union Flag was a direct descendant of the flag of the East India Company has been criticised as lacking written evidence. On the other hand, the resemblance is obvious, a number of the Founding Fathers of the United States were aware of the East India Company's activities and of their free administration of India under Company rule.
In any case, both the stripes and the stars have precedents in classical heraldry. Mullets were comparatively rare in early modern heraldry, but an example of mullets representing territorial divisions predating the U. S. flag are those in the coat of arms of Valais of 1618, where seven mullets stood for seven districts. On June 14, 1777, the Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution which stated: "Resolved, That the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white. Flag Day is now observed on June 14 of each year. While scholars still argue about this, tradition holds that the new flag was first hoisted in June 1777 by the Continental Army at the Middlebrook encampment; the first official U. S. flag flown during battle was on August 3, 1777, at Fort Schuyler during the Siege of Fort Stanwix. Massachusetts reinforcements brought news of the adoption by Congress of the official flag to Fort Schuyler. Soldiers cut up their shirts to make the white stripes.
Abraham Swartwout's blue cloth coat. A voucher is extant that Capt. Swartwout of Dutchess County was paid by Congress for his coat for the flag; the 1777 resolution was most meant to define a naval ensign. In the late 18th century, the notion of a national flag was only nascent; the flag resolution appears between other resolutions from the Marine Committee. On May 10, 1779, Secretary of the Board of War Richard Peters expressed concern "it is not yet settled what is the Standard of the United States." However, the term, "Standard," referred to a national standard for the Army of the United States. Each regiment was to carry the national standard in addition to its regimental standard; the national standard was not a reference to the naval flag. The Flag Resolution did not specify any particular arrangement, number of points, nor orientation for the stars and the arrangement or whether the flag had to have seven red stripes and six white ones or vice versa; the appearance was up to the maker of the flag.
Some flag makers arranged the stars into one big star, in a circle or in rows and some re
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
Robert Lee "Bullet Bob" Hayes was an Olympic sprinter turned American football wide receiver in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. An American track and field athlete, he was a two-sport stand-out in college in both track and football at Florida A&M University, he has one of the top 100 meter times by NFL players. Hayes was enshrined in the Dallas Cowboys Ring of Honor in 2001 and was selected for induction in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in January 2009, he was inducted in Canton, Ohio on August 8, 2009. Hayes is the second Olympic gold medalist to be inducted after Jim Thorpe, he holds the record for the fastest 4 × 100 m anchor leg of all time, as well as the world record for the 70-yard dash. He is tied for the world's second fastest time in the 60-yard dash, he was once considered the world's fastest human by virtue of his multiple world records in the 60-yard, 100-yard, 220-yard, Olympic 100-meter dashes. Hayes is the only athlete to win both a Super Bowl ring. Hayes attended Matthew Gilbert High School in Jacksonville, where he was a backup halfback on the football team.
The 1958 Gilbert High Panthers finished 12–0, winning the Florida High School Athletic Association black school state championship with a 14–7 victory over Dillard High School of Fort Lauderdale before more than 11,000 spectators. In times of Racial segregation laws, their achievement went unnoticed, until 50 years they were recognized as one of the best teams in Florida High School Athletic Association FHSAA history. Hayes was a recruited athlete, accepted a football scholarship from Florida A&M University, a black college, where he excelled in track & field, he never lost a race in the 100 yard or 100 meter competitions, but mainstream schools of the area still did not invite him to their sanctioned meets. In 1962 the University of Miami invited him to a meet on their campus, where he tied the world record of 9.2 seconds in the 100-yard dash, set by Frank Budd of Villanova University the previous year. He was the first person to break six seconds in the 60-yard dash with his indoor world record of 5.9 seconds.
In 1963, although he never used a traditional sprinter form, he broke the 100-yard dash record with a time of 9.1, a mark that would not be broken for eleven years. That same year, Hayes set the world best for 200 meters and ran the 220 yard dash in a time of 20.6 seconds. He was selected to represent the United States in the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, his football coach Jake Gaither was not high on giving Hayes time to train, which caused president Lyndon B. Johnson to call him in order to allow Hayes time off and to keep him healthy, he was the AAU 100 yard dash champion three years running, from 1962–1964, in 1964 was the NCAA champion in the 200 meter dash. He missed part of his senior year because of his Olympic bid for the Gold medal. In 1976, he was inducted into the inaugural class of the Florida A&M University Sports Hall of Fame. In 1996, he was inducted into the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Hall of Fame. In 2011, he was inducted into the Black College Football Hall of Fame.
At the 1964 Summer Olympics, in Tokyo, Hayes had his finest hour as a sprinter. First, he won the 100m and in doing so tied the world record in the 100 m with a time of 10.06 seconds though he was running in lane 1 which had, the day before, been used for the 20 km racewalk and this badly chewed up the cinder track. He was running in borrowed spikes because one of his shoes had been kicked under the bed when he was playing with some friends and he didn't realize until he got there; this was followed by a second gold medal in the 4×100 meter relay, which produced a new World Record. His come-from-behind win for the US team in the relay was one of the most memorable Olympic moments. Hand-timed between 8.5 and 8.9 seconds, his relay leg is the fastest in history. Jocelyn Delecour, France's anchor leg runner, famously said to Paul Drayton before the relay final that, "You can't win, all you have is Bob Hayes." Drayton was able to reply afterwards, "That's all we need." The race was Hayes' last as a track and field athlete, as he permanently switched to football after it, aged only 21.
In some of the first meets to be timed with experimental automatic timing, Hayes was the first man to break ten seconds for the 100 meters, albeit with a 5.3 m/s wind assistance in the semi-finals of the 1964 Olympics. His time was recorded at 9.91 seconds. Jim Hines broke 10 seconds at the high altitude of Mexico City, Mexico in 1968 with a wind legal 9.95 which stood as the world record for 15 years. The next to surpass Hayes at a low altitude Olympics was Carl Lewis in 1984 when he won in 9.99, some 20 years later. Until the Tokyo Olympics, world records were measured by officials with stopwatches, measured to the nearest tenth of a second. Although automatic timing was used in Tokyo, the times were given the appearance of manual timing; this was done by subtracting 0.05 seconds from the automatic time and rounding to the nearest tenth of a second, making Hayes' time of 10.06 seconds convert to 10.0 seconds, despite the fact that the officials with stopwatches had measured Hayes' time to be 9.9 seconds, the average difference between manual and automatic times was 0.15 to 0.20 seconds.
This unique method of determining the official time therefore denied Hayes the record of being the first to of
Cycling at the 1964 Summer Olympics
The cycling competition at the 1964 Summer Olympics consisted of two road cycling events and five track cycling events, all for men only. The 4000m individual pursuit event was introduced at these Games. 303 cyclists from 40 nations competed. Official Olympic Report
United States at the 2004 Summer Olympics
The United States competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. 533 competitors, 279 men and 254 women, took part in 254 events in 31 sports. * - Indicates the athlete competed in preliminaries but not the final Three U. S. archers qualified each for the men's and women's individual archery, a spot each for both men's and women's teams. MenWomen U. S. athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events. The team was selected based on the results of the 2004 United States Olympic Trials. Adam Nelson claimed a silver medal in men's shot put. On December 5, 2012, the International Olympic Committee and the IAAF stripped off Ukrainian shot putter Yuriy Bilonoh's gold medal after drug re-testings of his samples were discovered positive. Following the announcement of Bilonoh's disqualification, Nelson's medal was upgraded to gold. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Heptathlon The United States had been represented in one out of five events.
Summary RosterThe following is the United States roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Group play Quarterfinals Semifinals Bronze medal final RosterThe following is the United States roster in the women's basketball tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Group play Quarterfinals Semifinals Gold medal final, they claimed a gold and a bronze. Two boxers lost their first bouts. Four made the quarterfinals, with two falling there, one falling in the semifinal, the fourth taking the gold by going undefeated; the combined record of the nine Americans was 12-8. The U. S. was fifth in the boxing medal count. MenWomenQualification Legend: Q = Qualify to final. S. divers qualified for eight individual diving spots at the 2004 Olympic Games. Three US synchronized diving teams qualified through the 2004 FINA Diving World Cup and the rest of the divers qualified for the Olympics through the 2004 U. S. Olympic Trials for diving. MenWomen Because only three horse and rider pairs from each nation could advance beyond certain rounds in the individual events, five American pairs did not advance despite being placed sufficiently high.
They received rankings below all pairs. "#" indicates that the score of this rider does not count in the team competition, since only the best three results of a team are counted. MenWomen Summary Roster The following is the American squad in the women's football tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: April Heinrichs Group play Quarterfinals Semifinals Gold medal final Men TeamIndividual finalsWomen TeamIndividual finals Twelve U. S. judoka qualified for the 2004 Summer Olympics. MenWomen Four U. S. athletes qualified to compete in the modern pentathlon event through the 2003 Pan American Games in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The U. S. rowers qualified the following boats: MenWomenQualification Legend: FA=Final A. S. sailors have qualified one boat for each of the following events. MenWomenOpenM = Medal race. S. shooters qualified to compete in the following events: MenWomen SummarySquadResultsGroup Stage All times are Eastern European Time Final Group Standings The top four teams advanced to the semifinal round.
SemifinalsGrand final U. S. swimmers earned qualifying standards in the following events: Swimmers qualified at the 2004 U. S. Olympic Trials. MenWomen Nine U. S. synchronized swimmers qualified a spot in the women's team. Seven U. S. table tennis players qualified for the following events. Ilija Lupulesku and Jasna Fazlić competed for Yugoslavia since the sport made its debut at the 1988 Summer Olympics. MenWomen Two U. S. taekwondo jin qualified to compete. The United States Tennis Association nominated six male and six female tennis players to compete in the tennis tournament. MenWomen Six U. S. triathletes qualified for the following events. Summary Roster The following is the American roster in the men's volleyball tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Doug Beal Group play Quarterfinal Semifinals Bronze medal match Roster The following is the American roster in the women's volleyball tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Toshi Yoshida Group play Quarterfinals The U. S. men's and women's water polo teams qualified by winning the water polo event at the 2003 Pan American Games.
Summary Roster The following is the American roster in the men's water polo tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Ratko Rudić Group play7th to 10th place classification7th place match Roster The following is the American roster in the women's water polo tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Guy Baker Group playSemifinalBronze medal final Five U. S. weightlifters qualified for the following events: The U. S. wrestlers qualified to c