Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States. As of 2017, Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota and 45th-largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 422,331; the Twin Cities metropolitan area consists of Minneapolis, its neighbor Saint Paul, suburbs which altogether contain about 3.6 million people, is the third-largest economic center in the Midwest. Minneapolis lies on both banks of the Mississippi River, just north of the river's confluence with the Minnesota River, adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital; the city is abundantly rich in water, with 13 lakes, the Mississippi River and waterfalls. It was once a hub for timber; the city and surrounding region is the primary business center between Seattle. In 2011, Minneapolis proper was home to the fifth-highest number of Fortune 500 headquarters in the United States; as an integral link to the global economy, Minneapolis is categorized as a global city.
Minneapolis has one of the largest LGBT populations in the U. S. proportional to its overall population. Noted for its strong music and performing arts scenes, Minneapolis is home to both the award-winning Guthrie Theater and the historic First Avenue nightclub. Reflecting the region's status as an epicenter of folk and alternative rock music, the city served as the launching pad for several of the 20th century's most influential musicians, including Bob Dylan and Prince. Minneapolis has become noted for its underground and independent hip-hop and rap scenes, producing artists such as Brother Ali and Dessa; the name Minneapolis is attributed to Charles Hoag, the city's first schoolmaster, who combined mni, a Dakota Sioux word for water, polis, the Greek word for city. Descendants of first peoples, Dakota Sioux were the region's sole residents when French explorers arrived in 1680. For a time, amicable relations were based on fur trading. More European-American settlers arrived, competing for game and other resources with the Native Americans.
After the Revolutionary War, Great Britain granted the land east of the Mississippi to the United States. In the early 19th century, the United States acquired land to the west from France in the Louisiana Purchase. Fort Snelling, just south of present-day Minneapolis, was built in 1819 by the United States Army, it attracted traders and merchants, spurring growth in the area. The United States government pressed the Mdewakanton band of the Dakota to sell their land, allowing people arriving from the East to settle there. Preoccupied with the Civil War, the United States government reneged on its promises of cash payments to the Dakota, resulting in hunger, the Dakota War of 1862, internment and hardship; the Minnesota Territorial Legislature authorized Minneapolis as a town in 1856, on the Mississippi's west bank. Minneapolis incorporated as a city in 1867, the year rail service began between Minneapolis and Chicago, it joined with the east-bank city of St. Anthony in 1872. Minneapolis developed around Saint Anthony Falls, the highest waterfall on the Mississippi River and a source of power for its early industry.
Forests in northern Minnesota were a valuable resource for the lumber industry, which operated seventeen sawmills on power from the waterfall. By 1871, the west river bank had twenty-three businesses, including flour mills, woolen mills, iron works, a railroad machine shop, mills for cotton, paper and planing wood. Due to the occupational hazards of milling, six local sources of artificial limbs were competing in the prosthetics business by the 1890s; the farmers of the Great Plains grew grain, shipped by rail to the city's 34 flour mills. Millers have used hydropower elsewhere since the 1st century B. C. but the results in Minneapolis between 1880 and 1930 were so remarkable the city has been described as "the greatest direct-drive waterpower center the world has seen." A father of modern milling in America and founder of what became General Mills, Cadwallader C. Washburn converted his business from gristmills to revolutionary technology, including "gradual reduction" processing by steel and porcelain roller mills capable of producing premium-quality pure white flour quickly.
Some ideas were developed by William Dixon Gray and some acquired through industrial espionage from Hungary by William de la Barre. Charles A. Pillsbury and the C. A. Pillsbury Company across the river were a step behind, hiring Washburn employees to use the new methods; the hard red spring wheat that grows in Minnesota became valuable, Minnesota "patent" flour was recognized at the time as the best in the world. Not until did consumers discover the value in the bran that "... Minneapolis flour millers dumped" into the Mississippi. After 1883, a Minneapolis miller started a new industry when he began to sell bran byproduct as animal feed. Millers cultivated relationships with academic scientists at the University of Minnesota; those scientists backed them politically on many issues, such as in the early 20th century when health advocates in the nascent field of nutrition criticized the flour "bleaching" process. At peak production, a single mill at Washburn-Crosby made enough flour for 12 million loaves of bread each day.
Further, by 1895, through the efforts of silent partner William Hood Dunwoody, Washburn-Crosby exported four
Minnesota's 2nd congressional district
Minnesota’s 2nd congressional district covers the south Twin Cities metro area and contains all of Scott, Dakota and Wabasha counties. It contains part of northern and eastern Rice County including the city of Northfield, southern Washington County including the city of Cottage Grove. Burnsville and Eagan are the largest cities in the district. For many decades in the mid 20th century the 2nd congressional district covered the southwest corner of the state, while the 1st congressional district covered most of this part of the state. Three of Minnesota’s most important rivers run through the district, the Mississippi River, the Minnesota River, the St. Croix River. Interstate highways I-35 E and I-35 W merge in the district in addition to the north-south thoroughfares of U. S. Routes 169, 61, 52 and the east-west Route 212; the suburban areas in the northern part of the district blend into the rural farmland in the south. The district's economy includes agriculture, small businesses, large corporations.
Some of the largest employers in the district are Thomson North American Legal, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota, 3M, Red Wing Shoes. The district includes Pine Bend Refinery, the largest oil refinery in Minnesota, owned by Koch Industries; the 2nd District is home to two private liberal arts colleges: St. Olaf and Carleton, both in Northfield. Shakopee is home to Valleyfair, as well as Canterbury Park. Two of Minnesota's oldest cities and Red Wing are in the district; the district hosts heritage festivals and town celebrations, such as Kolacky days in Montgomery, the Pine Island Cheese festival, Shakopee Derby Days. Minnesota's 2nd Congressional District is represented by Democrat Angie Craig, who defeated incumbent Republican Jason Lewis in the 2018 election; the district is Republican-leaning with a CPVI of R + 2. The district is competitive, with several sources identifying it as a toss-up or battleground district
Minnesota's 6th congressional district
Minnesota's 6th congressional district includes most or all of Benton, Sherburne, Wright and Washington counties. The district is Republican-leaning with a CPVI of R+12, it is represented by Republican Tom Emmer. Rick Nolan ran unsuccessfully for Minnesota's 6th congressional district seat in the United States House of Representatives in the election of November 7, 1972. Rick Nolan was elected in his second run on November 1974, to the 94th Congress. Rick Nolan was reelected in 1976 to the 95th Congress. Nolan was reelected to the 96th Congress on November 7, 1978. Vin Weber was elected to serve in the 97th Congress. Gerry Sikorski, was elected to the 98th Congress on November 2, 1982. Gerry Sikorski was reelected to the 99th Congress on November 6, 1984, he continued to serve through 101st Congress and 102nd Congress. The elected representatives were: Bill Luther 104th Congress, 105th Congress, 106th Congress and 107th Congress Rod Grams 103rd Congress and Gerry Sikorski 100th Congress, 101st Congress and 102nd Congress.
Although Bachmann's home was not within the new boundaries of the 6th district, she ran for reelection and won. Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Paul is the capital and second-most populous city of the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of 2017, the city's estimated population was 309,180. Saint Paul is the county seat of Ramsey County, the smallest and most densely populated county in Minnesota; the city lies on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area surrounding its point of confluence with the Minnesota River, adjoins Minneapolis, the state's largest city. Known as the "Twin Cities", the two form the core of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.6 million residents. Founded near historic Native American settlements as a trading and transportation center, the city rose to prominence when it was named the capital of the Minnesota Territory in 1849; the Dakota name for Saint Paul is "Imnizaska". Though Minneapolis is better-known nationally, Saint Paul contains the state government and other important institutions. Regionally, the city is known for the Xcel Energy Center, home of the Minnesota Wild, for the Science Museum of Minnesota.
As a business hub of the Upper Midwest, it is the headquarters of companies such as Ecolab. Saint Paul, along with its twin city, Minneapolis, is known for its high literacy rate; the settlement began at present-day Lambert's Landing, but was known as Pig's Eye after Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant established a popular tavern there. When Lucien Galtier, the first Catholic pastor of the region, established the Log Chapel of Saint Paul, he made it known that the settlement was now to be called by that name, as "Saint Paul as applied to a town or city was well appropriated, this monosyllable is short, sounds good, it is understood by all Christian denominations". Burial mounds in present-day Indian Mounds Park suggest that the area was inhabited by the Hopewell Native Americans about two thousand years ago. From the early 17th century until 1837, the Mdewakanton Dakota, a tribe of the Sioux, lived near the mounds after fleeing their ancestral home of Mille Lacs Lake from advancing Ojibwe, they called the area I-mni-za ska dan for its exposed white sandstone cliffs.
In the Menominee language it is called Sāēnepān-Menīkān, which means "ribbon, silk or satin village", suggesting its role in trade throughout the region after the introduction of European goods. Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, US Army officer Zebulon Pike negotiated 100,000 acres of land from the local Dakota tribes in 1805 to establish a fort; the negotiated territory was located on both banks of the Mississippi River, starting from Saint Anthony Falls in present-day Minneapolis, to its confluence with the Saint Croix River. Fort Snelling was built on the territory in 1819 at the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers, which formed a natural barrier to both Native American nations; the 1837 Treaty with the Sioux ceded all local tribal land east of the Mississippi to the U. S. Government. Taoyateduta moved his band at Kaposia across the river to the south. Fur traders and missionaries came to the area for the fort's protection. Many of the settlers were French-Canadians. However, as a whiskey trade flourished, military officers banned settlers from the fort-controlled lands.
Pierre "Pig's Eye" Parrant, a retired fur trader-turned-bootlegger who irritated officials, set up his tavern, the Pig's Eye, near present-day Lambert's Landing. By the early 1840s, the community had become important as a trading center and a destination for settlers heading west. Locals called Pig's Eye Landing after Parrant's popular tavern. In 1841, Father Lucien Galtier was sent to minister to the Catholic French Canadians and established a chapel, named for his favorite saint, Paul the Apostle, on the bluffs above Lambert's Landing. Galtier intended for the settlement to adopt the name Saint Paul in honor of the new chapel. In 1847, a New York educator named Harriet Bishop moved to the area and opened the city's first school; the Minnesota Territory was formalized in Saint Paul named as its capital. In 1857, the territorial legislature voted to move the capital to Saint Peter. However, Joe Rolette, a territorial legislator, stole the physical text of the approved bill and went into hiding, thus preventing the move.
On May 11, 1858, Minnesota was admitted to the union as the thirty-second state, with Saint Paul as the capital. That year, more than 1,000 steamboats were in service at Saint Paul, making the city a gateway for settlers to the Minnesota frontier or Dakota Territory. Natural geography was a primary reason; the area was the last accessible point to unload boats coming upriver due to the Mississippi River Valley's stone bluffs. During this period, Saint Paul was called "The Last City of the East." Industrialist James J. Hill constructed and expanded his network of railways into the Great Northern Railway and Northern Pacific Railway, which were headquartered in Saint Paul. Today they are collectively part of the BNSF Railway. On August 20, 1904, severe thunderstorms and tornadoes damaged hundreds of downtown buildings, causing USD $1.78 million in damages to the city and ripping spans from the High Bridge. In the 1960s, during urban renewal, Saint Paul razed western neighborhoods close to downtown.
The city contended with the creation of the interstate freeway system in a built landscape. From 1959 to 1961, the western Rondo Neighborhood was demolished by the construction of Interstate 94, which brought attention to racial segregation and unequal housing in northern cities; the annual
Thomas Earl Emmer Jr. is the U. S. Representative for Minnesota's 6th congressional district, serving since 2015; the district includes most of the northern suburbs of the Twin Cities, as well as St. Cloud, Minnesota. Emmer served as a member of the Minnesota House of Representatives from 2005 until 2011 and was the Republican nominee for governor in the 2010 election, he represented District 19B, which includes portions of Wright and Hennepin Counties and the cities of Otsego, Albertville, St. Michael, Delano and Waverly. On June 5, 2013, he announced he would seek the 6th Congressional District seat being vacated by Michele Bachmann, he won the November 2014 election and took office in January 2015. Emmer was born in South Bend and moved to Edina, Minnesota, he attended St. Thomas Academy, an all-male, military, college-preparatory high school in Mendota Heights, near Saint Paul, he attended Boston College and the University of Alaska at Fairbanks, where he received a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science in 1984.
Emmer played hockey for both schools. In 1988 he received a Juris Doctor from William Mitchell College of Law in Minnesota. Before running for the Minnesota House of Representatives, Emmer was a member of the Independence and Delano City Councils. In 2004, incumbent Republican State Representative Dick Borrell, of Minnesota's 19B House District, decided to retire. Emmer decided to run and defeated Democrat Lori M. Schmidt, an attorney, 60%–40%. In 2006, he won reelection to a second term with 61% of the vote. In 2008, he won reelection to a third term with 61% of the vote. In 2010, he decided to retire. Emmer served on the Finance Committee, the Health Care and Human Services Policy and Oversight Committee, the State and Local Government Operations Reform and Elections Committee, he was a member of the Finance Subcommittee for the Health Care and Human Services Finance Division, of the Health Care and Human Services Policy and Oversight Subcommittee for the Licensing Division. Emmer announced his candidacy for governor of the State of Minnesota in July 2009.
In January 2010, Emmer came in second to Marty Seifert in a non-binding straw poll of Republican Party caucus participants. In April 2010, Emmer announced that his running mate would be Metropolitan Council member Annette Meeks. Emmer received the endorsements of former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, Governor Tim Pawlenty, Lieutenant Governor Carol Molnau. On April 30, 2010, the Republican Party of Minnesota endorsed Emmer as its candidate for governor at the state convention in Minneapolis, his main opponent, Marty Seifert, withdrew from the race and endorsed Emmer when it became apparent that Emmer was nearing the threshold for party endorsement. On August 10, 2010, Emmer won the Republican primary with 82% of the vote, a 75-point margin over Bob Carney; the race attracted national attention as the "first case in this election cycle of a company hit by national protests over a campaign donation". Minnesota-based Target Corporation donated $150,000 to Minnesota Forward, a new political action committee paying for advertising that supported Emmer's gubernatorial election.
Emmer said he viewed Target's donation as an exercise in free speech and wanted to keep his campaign focused on economic issues. Best Buy donated $100,000 to Minnesota Forward. Emmer trailed his Democratic opponent Mark Dayton by 9,000 votes in the initial general election results, a margin small enough to trigger an automatic recount. Most analysts felt it was unlikely that the Emmer campaign could overcome such a deficit in a recount. After the recount made little difference in the results, Emmer conceded the election on December 8, 2010. Emmer was a registered lobbyist in Minnesota, co-hosted a morning talk radio program with Bob Davis on KTLK in Minneapolis. In early 2011, he ran for an open Minnesota seat on the Republican National Committee, but lost that election to Hennepin County Commissioner Jeff Johnson. Emmer hosted a 2011 event promoting the launch of Representative Ron Paul's presidential campaign in Minnesota. Upon the surprise retirement of U. S. Representative Michele Bachmann, Emmer was considered a possible successor in the Sixth Congressional District seat.
On June 5, 2013, Emmer announced he would seek the Republican nomination in the 2014 election. On February 4, Emmer received 67.9% of the vote in the 6th district straw poll. On April 12, 2014, he received the Republican Party endorsement for the nomination on the first ballot with 76%, but he still faced a primary challenge from his two competitors, Anoka County Board Chairwoman Rhonda Sivarajah and former state Rep. Phil Krinkie. Emmer received the endorsements of the Tea Party Express, Young Americans for Liberty's Liberty Action Fund, many Minnesota legislators, he won the primary with 73% of the vote. Committee on Financial Services Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade Republican Study CommitteeEmmer is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership, the Congressional Western Caucus and the U. S.-Japan Caucus. Emmer identifies as pro-life from conception to birth. In 2009, Emmer voted against S. F. 247. This Minnesota law states that as of January 1, 2010, no manufacturer, retailer, or wholesaler may sell or offer for sale in Minnesota any children's product that contains Bisphenol-A, except for used children's products, which were prohibited after January 1, 2011.
Emmer said he voted against the law because of fear of "increased costs." As well-intentioned as people may be, he said, "they don't think about what this vote me
Mankato is a city in Blue Earth, Le Sueur counties in the state of Minnesota. The population was 41,720 according to 2016 US census estimates, making it the fifth largest city in Minnesota outside the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area; the county seat of Blue Earth County, it is located along a large bend of the Minnesota River at its confluence with the Blue Earth River. Mankato is across the Minnesota River from North Mankato. Mankato and North Mankato have a combined population of over 56,000 according to the 2017 census estimates, it encompasses the town of Skyline. North of Mankato Regional Airport, a tiny non-contiguous part of the city lies within Le Sueur County. Most of the city is in Blue Earth County. Mankato is the larger of the two principal cities of the Mankato-North Mankato metropolitan area, which covers Blue Earth and Nicollet counties and had a combined population of 94,149 at the 2010 census; the 2017 Census estimate is 100,939. Mankato was designated a Metropolitan Statistical Area by the US Census Bureau in November 2008.
Mankato was named the second best college town in the United States by Schools.com in 2017. The area was long settled by various cultures of indigenous peoples. After European colonization began on the East Coast, pressure from settlement and other Native American tribes caused various peoples to migrate into the area. By the mid-19th century, four Dakota language–speaking divisions of the Dakota Sioux were the primary indigenous group. Mankato Township was not settled by European Americans until Parsons King Johnson in February 1852, as part of the 19th-century migration of people from the east across the Midwest. New residents organized the city of Mankato on May 11, 1858; the city was organized by Henry Jackson, Parsons King Johnson, Col. D. A. Robertson, Justus C. Ramsey, others. A popular story says that the city was supposed to have been named Mahkato, but a typographical error by a clerk established the name as Mankato. According to Upham, quoting historian Thomas Hughes of Mankato, "The honor of christening the new city was accorded to Col. Robertson.
He had taken the name from Nicollet's book, in which the French explorer compared the'Mahkato" or Blue Earth River, with all its tributaries, to the water nymphs and their uncle in the German legend of Undine.'... No more appropriate name could be given the new city, than that of the noble river at whose mouth it is located." While it is uncertain that the city was intended to be called Mahkato, the Dakota called the river Makato Osa Watapa. The Anglo settlers adapted that as "Blue Earth River". According to Frederick Webb Hodge, in his "Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico," Volume 1, page 801, the town was named after the older of the two like-named chiefs of the Mdewakanton division of the Santee Dakota, whose village stood on or near the site of the present town. Ishtakhaba known as Chief Sleepy Eye, of the Sisseton band of Dakota Indians, was said to have directed settlers to this location, he said the site at the confluence of the Minnesota and Blue Earth Rivers was well suited to building and river traffic, yet safe from flooding.
On December 26, 1862, the US Army carried out the largest mass execution in U. S. history at Mankato following the Dakota War of 1862. Thirty-eight Dakota Native Americans were hanged for their parts in the uprising. A military tribunal had sentenced 303 to death, but President Lincoln reviewed the record and pardoned 265, believing they had been involved in legitimate defense against military forces. Episcopal Bishop Henry Benjamin Whipple had urged leniency in the case, but his position was not politically popular in Minnesota, nor was Lincoln's intervention. Two commemorative statues stand on the site of the hangings. In 1880, Mankato ranked fourth in size in the state; the population was 5,500. Former Vice President Schuyler Colfax died while traveling in Mankato on January 13, 1885. Mankato was the basis for Deep Valley in Maud Hart Lovelace's Betsy-Tacy series of children's books and novels; the children/young adult wing of the Blue Earth County Library is named in her honor. In Sinclair Lewis's 1920 novel Main Street, heroine Carol Milford is a former Mankato resident.
Lewis describes Mankato as follows: "In its garden-sheltered streets and aisles of elms is white and green New England reborn", alluding to its many migrants from New England, who brought their culture with them. Lewis wrote a substantial portion of the novel while staying at the J. W. Schmidt House at 315 South Broad Street, as now marked by a small plaque in front of the building. In the Little House on the Prairie television series, Mankato is a trading town that the citizens of Walnut Grove visit, it does not appear in the Laura Ingalls Wilder books. The 1972 film The New Land, a sequel to The Emigrants, both by Swedish director Jan Troell, depicts the mass execution of the 38 Dakota Indians at the end of the 1862 Dakota War. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.26 square miles, of which 17.91 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles is water. The Minnesota, Blue Earth, Le Sueur Rivers all flow through or near the city. Mankato has type Dfa. Winters are cold, with snow cover beginning between mid-November and mid-December, ending in March most years.
However, Mankato receives less snow than areas to its north and east. For example, Minneapolis, 75 miles northeast of Mankato, averages over 54 inches or 1.37 metres of snow per winter season, compared to Mankato's seasonal average of 35 inches or 0.89 metres. The coldest m
Moorhead is a city in Clay County, United States, the largest city in northwest Minnesota. The population was 42,005 according to the 2015 United States Census estimates, it is the county seat of Clay County. Moorhead was platted in 1871; the city was named for an official of the Northern Pacific railroad. Moorhead is bordered on the west by the city of Fargo, North Dakota. On the east, Moorhead is bordered by Minnesota. Moorhead, along with its twin city of Fargo, North Dakota, as well as adjacent West Fargo, form the core of the Fargo–Moorhead metropolitan area, which has a 2010 population of around 208,777 residents; the former Moorhead Armory on 5th Street South was the site of the intended concert destination for musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper before their plane crashed in Clear Lake, Iowa on February 3, 1959. The building was demolished in 1990 and is now the site of Ecumen Evergreens, a senior living property. Moorhead is home to the first Dairy Queen to sell Dilly Bars.
The Moorhead Dairy Queen is one of only a few Dairy Queens operating on a contract signed in 1949, which allows it to feature products not approved by corporate Headquarters. An example includes a chipper sandwich, vanilla ice cream sandwiched between two chocolate chip cookies and dipped in chocolate. Moorhead is located adjacent to the Red River in the Red River Valley; the land around the Fargo–Moorhead area is some of the flattest and richest in the world. This is because it lies on the lake bed of glacial Lake Agassiz, which drained between 9,900 and 11,000 years ago. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.80 square miles, all of it land. Interstate 94 and U. S. Highways 10 and 75 are three of the main routes in the city. Other nearby routes in the Fargo–Moorhead area include Interstate 29 and Minnesota State Highway 336. According to the 2010–2012 American Community Survey, the racial composition was as follows: White: 90.4% Black or African American: 2.1% American Indian: 1.3% Asian: 1.5% Pacific Islander: 0.1% Some other race: 1.2% Two or more races: 3.4% Hispanic or Latino: 4.3%According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the top ten European ancestries were the following: Norwegian: 36.1% German: 36.0% Swedish: 7.6% Irish: 7.2% English: 4.7% French: 3.7% Polish: 3.6% American: 2.3% Italian: 1.5% Dutch: 1.4% As of the census of 2010, there were 38,065 people, 14,304 households, 8,372 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,922.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,274 housing units at an average density of 771.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 2.0% African American, 1.5% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 1.1% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population. There were 14,304 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.5% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 28.3 years. 20.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 32,177 people, 11,660 households, 7,030 families residing in the city.
The population density was 2,394.3 people per square mile. There were 12,180 housing units at an average density of 906.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.08% White, 0.77% African American, 1.94% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.10% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.47% of the population. There were 11,660 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.7% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 23.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,781, the median income for a family was $49,118. Males had a median income of $33,137 versus $23,717 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,150. About 8.2% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Agriculture remains prominent in the area, but Moorhead is home to notable corporate and distribution industries, Busch Agricultural Resources and Pactiv; the unemployment rate is below the national average and property values are stable. The Rourke Art Gallery and the Rourke Art Museum are native Moorhead cultural institutions hosting the annual Midwester