Reba Nell McEntire is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. She began her career in the industry as a high school student singing in the Kiowa High School band, on local radio shows with her siblings. While a sophomore in college, she performed the National Anthem at the National Rodeo in Oklahoma City and caught the attention of country artist Red Steagall who brought her to Nashville and she signed a contract with Mercury Records a year in 1975. She released her first solo album in 1977 and released five studio albums under the label until 1983. The album brought her success, bringing her a series of successful albums. She has sometimes referred to as The Queen of Country. And she is one of the artists of all time. In the early 1990s, McEntire branched into film starting with 1990s Tremors, Reba Nell McEntire was born March 28,1955, in McAlester, Oklahoma, to Jacqueline and Clark Vincent McEntire. She was named for her maternal grandmother Reba Estelle Smith, Reba Smith was the daughter of Byron Williams B. W.
Her father, and her grandfather, John Wesley McEntire, were both champion steer ropers and her father was a World Champion Steer Roper three times, John McEntire was the son of Clark Stephen McEntire and Helen Florida McEntire. Her mother had wanted to be a country-music artist but eventually decided to become a schoolteacher. Reba reportedly taught herself how to play the guitar, Reba played guitar in the group and wrote all the songs. The group sang at rodeos and recorded The Ballad of John McEntire together, released on the indie label Boss, the song pressed one thousand copies. In 1974, McEntire attended Southeastern Oklahoma State University planning to be a school teacher. While not attending school, she continued to sing locally. That same year she was hired to perform the anthem at the National Rodeo in Oklahoma City. Country artist Red Steagall, who was performing that day, was impressed by her vocal ability and agreed to help her launch a country-music career in Nashville. After recording a tape, she signed a recording contract with Mercury Records in 1975
George Harvey Strait is an American country music singer, songwriter and music producer. He is known as the King of Country and is considered one of the most influential, Straits success began when his first single Unwound was a hit in 1981. During the 1980s, seven of his albums reached number one on the country charts. In the 2000s, Strait was named Artist of the Decade by the Academy of Country Music, was elected into the Country Music Hall of Fame, and won his first Grammy award for the album Troubadour. Strait was named CMA Entertainer of the Year in 1989,1990 and 2013 and he has been nominated for more CMA and ACM awards and has more wins in both categories than any other artist. In 2009, he broke Conway Twittys previous record for the most number-one hits on Billboards Hot Country Songs chart when his 45 number one singles surpassed Twittys 40, Strait is known for his touring career when he designed a 360- degree configuration and introduced festival style tours. For example, the Strait Tours earned $99 million in three years and his concert at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, TX in June 2014 drew 104,793 people, marking a new record for largest indoor concert in North America.
Strait was successful innovating country music and in aspects of being a part of popular music. Strait has sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the music artists of all time. His certifications from the RIAA include 13 multi-platinum,33 platinum and his best-selling album is Pure Country, which sold 6 million. His highest certified album is Strait Out of the Box, which sold 2 million copies, according to the RIAA, Strait is the 12th best-selling album recording artist in the United States overall. George Harvey Strait was born on May 18,1952, in Poteet, Texas, to John Byron Strait, Sr. and Doris Jean Couser. He grew up in nearby Pearsall, in Frio County, where his father was a high school mathematics teacher. The family worked at the ranch on the weekends and in the summers, when George was in the fourth grade, his father and mother were divorced, and his mother moved away with his sister, Pency. George and his brother John, Jr. or Buddy, were raised by their father, Strait began his musical interest while attending Pearsall High School, where he played in a rock and roll garage band.
The Beatles were popular when Strait was in high school, the Beatles were big, Strait confirmed. I listened to them a lot and that bunch of groups that were popular then. His musical preference soon turned to country with singers Hank Thompson, Lefty Frizzell, Merle Haggard, George Jones, Bob Wills, Hank Williams, Strait did not tune to the country music radio often as a youth, usually listening to the news and the farmers report
Kapp Records was an independent record label started in 1954 by David Kapp, brother of Jack Kapp. David Kapp founded his own label after stints with Decca Records, Kapp licensed its records to London Records for release in the UK. Catalogue albums that continued to sell were renumbered and reissued on the MCA label, Kapps subsidiaries included Medallion Records, Congress Records, Leader Records, and Four Corners Records with its 4 Corners of the World log. Four Corners was formed to promote European artists, such as Françoise Hardy, Raymond Lefèvre,1954, Kapp Records was created by David Kapp. 1960, Kapp Records released one of the first cover versions of songs from The Sound of Music, the Pete King Chorale was featured on the album. 1964, Kapp Records released Hello Dolly sung by Louis Armstrong that became the one song in America on Billboard Top 100. 1966, The record label released the original cast album of Man of La Mancha,1967, David Kapp sold his label to MCA Inc. and became a division of Uni Records.
1973, MCA released the last Kapp record, the catalog and artist roster was absorbed by MCA Records. 2003, MCA Records is absorbed into Geffen Records, which currently manages Kapps pop/rock/R&B catalogs, the country and musical theatre catalogs are now managed by MCA Nashville Records, GRP Records, and Decca Broadway, respectively. Decca Broadway released a version of the Man of La Mancha original cast album in 2001. Throughout Kapps history, its logo was a stylized K incorporating a phonograph record design, three versions of this logo appeared during the companys history. Until 1970, this appeared on a drum majors cap in a wordplay of the labels name. 1950s, Stylized K/record logo and KAPP at top of either red/white, early 1960s, Black label with white K/record logo and KAPP in red at top, a similar design had a red drum major cap and KAPP in yellow at top. Mid to late 1960s, Black label with red drum major cap and KAPP in black letters in white box at left for singles, at top for albums. 1970-1972, red and yellow label with new K logo, either in black or in white inside black box, at left.
Hall, Claude, MCA Drops Vocalion, Decca and Uni, February 10,1973 Kapp Records story from BSN Pubs A collection of Kapp record labels Kapp Records 45 rpm discography
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Keith Lionel Urban is a New Zealand-born Australian-American country musician. In 1991, he released a debut album and charted four singles in Australia before moving to the United States the following year. He found work as a session guitarist before starting a band known as The Ranch, still signed to Capitol, Urban made his solo American debut in 1999 with a second eponymous album. Certified platinum in the US, it produced his first number one on Hot Country Songs with But for the Grace of God. Somebody Like You, the first single from his second Capitol album, the albums fourth single, Youll Think of Me, earned him his first Grammy. 2004s Be Here, his third American album, produced three more number 1 singles and became his highest-selling album, earning 4× Platinum certification. Love, Pain & the Whole Crazy Thing was released in 2006, containing Once in a Lifetime as well as his second Grammy song, a greatest hits package entitled Greatest Hits,18 Kids followed in late 2007. Defying Gravity and Get Closer were released on 31 March 2009 and 16 November 2010, a new single, entitled John Cougar, John Deere, John 3,16, was released in June 2015 as the lead-off single to his eighth American studio album Ripcord.
Urban has released a total of nine albums, as well as one album with The Ranch. Those include his third Grammy Award-winning single Sweet Thing from his album Defying Gravity, Urban is known for his roles as a coach on the Australian version of the singing competition The Voice and as a judge on American Idol. Since 2006, he has married to actress Nicole Kidman. In October 2013, Urban introduced his own line of guitars. Keith Lionel Urban was born on 26 October 1967, in Whangarei, New Zealand, He is the youngest son of Marienne and Robert Bob Urban. At the age of 13, he attended Sir Edmund Hillary College in Otara, South Auckland, New Zealand and by the age of 17, he lived with his parents in Caboolture, Australia. His father, who owned a store, put an advertisement for a guitar teacher in his shop window. Urban took lessons from his teacher, Sue McCarthy and began entering local competitions, Urban has stated that his guitar playing was influenced by two rock players, Mark Knopfler and Lindsey Buckingham.
He performed at country festivals from the age of 10, in 1983, Urban was a contestant on the Australian TV talent show New Faces. They won a golden award at the Tamworth Country Music Festival
Barbara Ann Mandrell is an American country music singer and actress. She is known for a series of Top 10 hits and TV shows in the 1970s and 1980s that helped her become one of countrys most successful vocalists of that period. She was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2009 and is a member of the Grand Ole Opry, Mandrell was the first performer to win the Country Music Associations Entertainer of the Year award twice. She won twice the Country Music Associations Female Vocalist of the Year in 1979 and 1981, Mandrells first Billboard No.1 hit was 1978s Sleeping Single in a Double Bed, immediately followed by I Dont Want to Be Right in early 1979. In 1980, Years reached No.1 and she added one more chart topper in each of the next three years. Barbara Mandrell was born on Christmas Day,1948 to Mary Ellen and Irby Matthew Mandrell in Houston and her mother was a homemaker and musician hailing from a large family in rural Wayne County, Illinois. Her father was a World War II naval veteran as well as a Texas police officer, mr Mandrell was a Garland County, Arkansas native, and an accomplished musician and entrepreneur.
Subsequently, he would end up managing his daughters career for nearly forty years, Mandrell was five and a half when sister, Thelma Louise was born in July 1954. Eighteen months later, Ellen Irlene was born, the eldest daughter of the musical family, Barbara Mandrell was already reading music and playing accordion when her sisters were infants. Six years later, she had become so adept at playing guitar that her father took her to a music trade convention in Chicago. While there, her talents caught the attention of RCA Records producer and session musician Chet Atkins and popular musician, soon after, she became a featured performer in Maphis Las Vegas nightclub show, followed by tours with Red Foley, Tex Ritter, and Johnny Cash. Her network TV debut came on the NBC-TV series Five Star Jubilee in 1961, while growing up, Mandrell learned to play the pedal steel and lap steel guitars and many other instruments, including the accordion and banjo. She played steel guitar for Patsy Cline, who wrote to a friend that Mandrell was.
Mandrell toured at age 13 with Cline, Johnny Cash, and she played guitar for Joe Maphis in Las Vegas and on the Town Hall Party show in Los Angeles. A couple of later and her sisters Louise and Irlene, as well as her parents. They toured across the United States and Asia and their drummer, Ken Dudney, became Mandrells husband shortly after graduating from Oceanside High School. Dudney enlisted in the Navy, serving as a pilot, Mandrell decided that she would become a country singer and moved to Nashville. Her father was her manager and with his help, she signed with Columbia Records in 1969, over the next couple of years, Mandrell had a few minor hits
Carrie Marie Underwood is an American singer and actress. She rose to fame as the winner of the season of American Idol in 2005. Her debut album, Some Hearts, was released in 2005, Underwood won three Grammy Awards for the album, including Best New Artist. Released in 2007, her album, Carnival Ride, had one of the biggest ever opening weeks by a female artist. Her next album, 2009s Play On, was a commercial success led by the single Cowboy Casanova, Underwoods fourth album, Blown Away, earned her a Grammy Award and was that years second best-selling release by a female artist. Her first compilation album was a chart and sales success and earned her a Grammy Award and her fifth album, made her the only country artist to have all first five studio albums reach either numbers one or two on the Billboard 200. Considered one of the most successful artists in any musical genre, Billboard has referred to her as Country Musics reigning Queen, while Time listed her as one of their 100 most influential people in the world in 2014.
Underwood is the top country artist of all-time on the RIAAs Digital Singles ranking, Underwood is the biggest American Idol earner in the history of the show. Her album, Some Hearts was named the country album of the 2000s by Billboard. Underwood has been inducted into the Grand Ole Opry and the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame and she has earned numerous accolades, including 7 Grammy Awards,17 Billboard Music Awards, and 11 American Music Awards. Underwood was born March 10,1983, in Muskogee, Oklahoma, to Carole and she was raised on her parents farm in the nearby rural town of Checotah. Her father worked in a sawmill while her mother taught elementary school and she has two older sisters and Stephanie. During her childhood, Underwood performed at Robbins Memorial Talent Show and she sang for local events in Checotah, including Old Settlers Day and the Lions Club. A local admirer arranged for her to go to Nashville when she was 14 to audition for Capitol Records, in 1996, Capitol Records was preparing a contract for Underwood but canceled it when company management changed.
Underwood said of the event, I honestly think its a lot better that nothing out of it now. Everything has a way of working out, while at Checotah High School, she was an Honor Society member, a cheerleader, and played basketball and softball. Underwood graduated from Checotah High School in 2001 as salutatorian and she chose not to pursue singing after graduation. She said, After high school, I pretty much gave up on the dream of singing, I had reached a point in my life where I had to be practical and prepare for my future in the real world
Darius Carlos Hootie Rucker is an American singer and songwriter. The band has released five albums with him as a member. Rucker co-wrote the majority of the songs with the other three members. He released a solo R&B album, Back to Then, in 2002 on Hidden Beach Recordings, six years later, Rucker signed to Capitol Nashville as a country music singer, releasing the album, Learn to Live that year. Its first single, Dont Think I Dont Think About It and it was followed by two more number one singles, It Wont Be Like This for Long and Alright and the number three, History in the Making. In 2009, he became the first African American to win the New Artist Award from the Country Music Association, a second album, Charleston, SC1966, was released on October 12,2010. The album includes the number one singles, Come Back Song, Darius Carlos Rucker was born and raised in Charleston, South Carolina, where his family history goes back generations. He lives in Charleston with his wife and three children and his single mother, Carolyn, a nurse at Medical University of South Carolina, raised him with his three sisters and two brothers.
According to Rucker, his father was never around, and Rucker saw him only before church on Sundays and his father was in a gospel band called The Rolling Stones. Rucker has said that he had a typical Southern, African-American upbringing and his family attended church every Sunday and was economically poor, and at one point, his mother, her two sisters, his grandmother and 14 children were all living in a three-bedroom house. But he says that he looks back on his childhood with very fond memories and his sister, LCorine, recalled that singing was always his dream. Rucker has been the singer of Hootie & the Blowfish since its formation in 1986. He met fellow members, Mark Bryan, Jim Soni Sonefeld. Bryan heard Rucker singing in the shower, and the two became a duo, playing R. E. M and they recruited Felber and finally Sonefeld joined in 1989. All six albums feature songs that Rucker and Felber wrote, as the frontman, Rucker began to be called simply Hootie in the media, though the band title combines the nicknames of his college friends.
Before his rise to fame, he lived in the basement of the Sigma Phi Epsilon house at the University of South Carolina, Rucker said they flipped the formula of the all black band with a white frontman, like Frank Sinatra performing with Count Basie. Musically, he has sometimes been criticized or spoofed for not being black enough, saturday Night Live ran a sketch of Tim Meadows playing Rucker leading beer-drinking, white fraternity members in a counter-march to Louis Farrakhans Million Man March. He received threats for singing the Hootie song Drowning
Frederick Dierks Bentley is an American singer and songwriter. In 2003, he signed to Capitol Nashville and released his debut album. Both it and its follow-up, 2005s Modern Day Drifter, are certified platinum in the United States, a third album, 2006s Long Trip Alone, is certified gold. It was followed in mid-2008 by a greatest hits package and his fourth album, Feel That Fire was released in February 2009. A bluegrass studio album, Up on the Ridge, was released on June 8,2010, Bentleys eighth and latest album, entitled Black was released in May 2016. Four more of his singles have reached the top 5, Bentley was born on November 20,1975 in Phoenix, Arizona as the son of Leon Fife Bentley, a bank vice-president, and Catherine Childs. His father was born in Glasgow, Missouri, to Richard Thomas and Mary Cecile Fife Bentley and his middle name, Dierks, is his maternal great-grandmothers surname. He attended Culver Academies and graduated from The Lawrenceville School in 1993, afterward, he spent a year at the University of Vermont before transferring to Vanderbilt University in Nashville, where he graduated in 1997.
Bentley worked at The Nashville Network, researching old footage of country performances, in 2003, Capitol Nashville released Bentleys self-titled debut album. The albums first single, What Was I Thinkin, reached number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts that year, the next two singles from that album, My Last Name and How Am I Doin, reached No.17 and No. 4, respectively. The album was certified Platinum by the RIAA, Bentleys second Capitol album, Modern Day Drifter, was released in 2005. It spawned two number one singles, Settle for a Slowdown and Come a Little Closer, and the top 5 hit, the album was certified platinum. In 2005, Bentley won the CMA Award for the Horizon Award and was invited to be a member of the Grand Ole Opry, the induction took place on October 1,2005. Bentley stands as the third youngest member after Carrie Underwood and Josh Turner, on June 10,2006, Bentley released his third album, Long Trip Alone. The album produced two No.1 hits, Every Mile a Memory in 2006 and Free and Easy in 2007, the title track reached No.10 on the country charts.
The fourth single from the album, Trying to Stop Your Leaving, in 2007, Bentley released a live DVD titled Live and Loud at the Fillmore, which was filmed in Denver, Colorado. In a March 2008 interview, Bentley said he would let his fans be the producers of his first greatest hits album. The album was released on May 6,2008, an album cut, Sweet & Wild, reached No.51 on the Hot Country Songs chart
Roy Linwood Clark is an American country music musician and performer. He is best known for hosting Hee Haw, a nationally televised country variety show, Roy Clark has been an important and influential figure in country music, both as a performer and helping to popularize the genre. Although he has had hit songs as a pop vocalist, his instrumental skill has had an effect on generations of bluegrass. He has been a member of the Grand Ole Opry since 1987, Clark was born in Meherrin and lived as a teenager in southeast Washington, D. C. where his father worked at the Washington Navy Yard. At 14, Clark began playing banjo and mandolin and he was simultaneously pursuing a sporting career, first as a baseball player and as a boxer, before dedicating himself solely to music. At 17, he had his first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry, at the age of 23, Clark obtained his pilots license and bought a 1953 Piper Tri-Pacer, which he flew for many years. This plane was raffled off on December 17,2012, to benefit the charity Wings of Hope and he has owned other planes, including a Mitsubishi MU-2, Stearman PT-17 and Mitsubishi MU-300 Diamond 1A bizjet.
By 1955, he was a regular on Jimmy Deans Washington, who valued punctuality among musicians in his band, the Texas Wildcats, fired Clark for habitual tardiness, telling him, Youre the most talented person Ive ever fired. Clark married Barbara Joyce Rupard on August 31,1957, in 1960, Clark went out to Las Vegas, where he worked as a guitarist in a band led by former West Coast Western Swing bandleader-comedian Hank Penny. During the very early 1960s, he was prominent in the backing band for Wanda Jackson—known as the Party Timers—during the latter part of her rockabilly period. When Dean was tapped to host The Tonight Show in the early 1960s, he asked Clark to appear, Clark appeared on The Beverly Hillbillies as a recurring character. Once, on an episode of the Sunday evening Jackie Gleason Show dedicated to country music, later, he appeared on an episode of The Odd Couple wherein he played Malagueña. In 1963, Clark signed to Capitol Records and had three top ten hits and he switched to Dot Records and again scored hits.
He recorded for ABC Records, which had acquired Dot, and MCA Records, in the mid 60s, he co-hosted, along with Buck Owens, a weekday daytime country variety series for NBC entitled Swingin Country, which was cancelled after two seasons. In 1969, Clark and Buck Owens were the hosts of Hee Haw, the show was dropped by CBS Television in 1971 but continued to run in syndication for twenty-one more years. During its tenure, Clark was a member of the Million Dollar Band, many of the celebrities who play in Branson first performed at the Roy Clark Celebrity Theatre. Clark frequently played in Branson during the 1980s and 1990s, in addition to his musical skill, Clark has often displayed his talents as a comedian and actor. During his years on Hee Haw, Clark entertained with comedy sketches
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois, and it is the county seat of Cook County. In 2012, Chicago was listed as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $640 billion according to 2015 estimates, the city has one of the worlds largest and most diversified economies with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce. In 2016, Chicago hosted over 54 million domestic and international visitors, landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicagos culture includes the arts, film, especially improvisational comedy. Chicago has sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City, the name Chicago is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum, from the Miami-Illinois language.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as Checagou was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir, henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the wild garlic, called chicagoua, grew abundantly in the area. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable was of African and French descent and arrived in the 1780s and he is commonly known as the Founder of Chicago. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn, the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. The Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833, on August 12,1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people, on June 15,1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S.
The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4,1837, as the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Chicagos first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, and the Illinois, the canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. A flourishing economy brought residents from rural communities and immigrants from abroad and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. The Chicago Board of Trade listed the first ever standardized exchange traded forward contracts and these issues helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage