Centro is the central district of the city of Madrid, Spain. It is approximately 5.23 km² in size and it has a population of 149,718 people and a population density of 28, 587/km². The Centro district of Madrid is the oldest section of the city, evidence of a stable settlement dates back to Spains Muslim period. In the second half of the 9th century, the emir of Córdoba, Muhammad I, built a fortress on a promontory beside the river and its purpose was to watch the passes of the Sierra de Guadarrama and to initiate raids against the northern Christian countries. The remaining ruins of the wall are still preserved. A small suburb called Magerit developed to the east of the fortress, with the exception of the wall, few structures from this period remain. The city passed into Christian hands in 1085, prospering into a villa by 1123, philip II chose to place his court in Madrid in 1561, ensuring the swift evolution of the city. Many of the buildings and monuments of the region known as El Madrid de los Austrias are from this period.
The city quickly surpassed the borders of the current Centro district, the majority of new monuments continue to be built in the area, including the Royal Palace and the Plaza de Cibeles. The Bourbon kings, especially Carlos III, fixated on converting Madrid into a city at the height of the new European villas and this resulted in huge investments in the infrastructure of the city, especially sewage and public buildings. In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the arrival of democracy, the reign of Isabella II saw the construction of the Congress of Deputies building, in Puerta del Sol. Centro currently houses the government of the Community of Madrid. Until 2007, the City Council of Madrid was located here, at present it is located in Cybele Palace, in the district of Retiro. Centro is the location of many of Madrids galleries, including the Reina Sofia Museum, districts of Madrid Media related to Centro district, Madrid at Wikimedia Commons Distrito Centro on madrid. es
By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spains capital and largest city is Madrid, other urban areas include Barcelona, Seville, Bilbao. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago, in the Middle Ages, the area was conquered by Germanic tribes and by the Moors. Spain is a democracy organised in the form of a government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a power and a major developed country with the worlds fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP. Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the span is the Phoenician word spy. Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean the land where metals are forged, two 15th-century Spanish Jewish scholars, Don Isaac Abravanel and Solomon ibn Verga, gave an explanation now considered folkloric. Both men wrote in two different published works that the first Jews to reach Spain were brought by ship by Phiros who was confederate with the king of Babylon when he laid siege to Jerusalem.
This man was a Grecian by birth, but who had given a kingdom in Spain. He became related by marriage to Espan, the nephew of king Heracles, Heracles renounced his throne in preference for his native Greece, leaving his kingdom to his nephew, from whom the country of España took its name. Based upon their testimonies, this eponym would have already been in use in Spain by c.350 BCE, Iberia enters written records as a land populated largely by the Iberians and Celts. Early on its coastal areas were settled by Phoenicians who founded Western Europe´s most ancient cities Cadiz, Phoenician influence expanded as much of the Peninsula was eventually incorporated into the Carthaginian Empire, becoming a major theater of the Punic Wars against the expanding Roman Empire. After an arduous conquest, the peninsula came fully under Roman Rule, during the early Middle Ages it came under Germanic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Moorish invaders from North Africa. In a process took centuries, the small Christian kingdoms in the north gradually regained control of the peninsula.
The last Moorish kingdom fell in the same year Columbus reached the Americas, a global empire began which saw Spain become the strongest kingdom in Europe, the leading world power for a century and a half, and the largest overseas empire for three centuries. Continued wars and other problems led to a diminished status. The Napoleonic invasions of Spain led to chaos, triggering independence movements that tore apart most of the empire, eventually democracy was peacefully restored in the form of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth
Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has a population of almost 3.2 million with an area population of approximately 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin, the municipality itself covers an area of 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the centre of both the country and the Community of Madrid, this community is bordered by the communities of Castile and León. As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political, the current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid. Madrid is home to two football clubs, Real Madrid and Atlético de Madrid. Madrid is the 17th most liveable city in the according to Monocle magazine. Madrid organises fairs such as FITUR, ARCO, SIMO TCI, while Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets.
Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city, the first documented reference of the city originates in Andalusan times as the Arabic مجريط Majrīṭ, which was retained in Medieval Spanish as Magerit. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins, according to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named Metragirta or Mantua Carpetana. The most ancient recorded name of the city Magerit comes from the name of a built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river, the name of this first village was Matrice. In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the changed to Mayrit, from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra. The modern Madrid evolved from the Mozarabic Matrit, which is still in the Madrilenian gentilic, after the disintegration of the Caliphate of Córdoba, Madrid was integrated in the Taifa of Toledo.
With the surrender of Toledo to Alfonso VI of León and Castile, the city was conquered by Christians in 1085, Christians replaced Muslims in the occupation of the centre of the city, while Muslims and Jews settled in the suburbs. The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, since 1188, Madrid won the right to be a city with representation in the courts of Castile. In 1202, King Alfonso VIII of Castile gave Madrid its first charter to regulate the municipal council, which was expanded in 1222 by Ferdinand III of Castile
Marco Ferreri was an Italian film director and actor, who began his career in the 1950s directing three films in Spain, followed by 24 Italian films until his death in 1997. His best known film is La Grande Bouffe from 1973, starring Marcello Mastroianni, Michel Piccoli, Philippe Noiret and he died in Paris of a heart attack. His 1979 film Chiedo asilo won him the Silver Bear - Special Jury Prize at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival, in 1991, his film La casa del sorriso won the Golden Bear at the 41st Berlin International Film Festival. Two years later, his film Diario di un vizio was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival
Chueca is a district named after a square sited in a central neighbourhood in Madrid named Justicia. It lies just to the north of the old city, with its metro station Chueca, Chueca is very lively, with many street cafes and boutique shops, Lonely Planet describes it as extravagantly gay, lively young, and always inclusive regardless of your sexual orientation. The neighborhood has become an area for Madrids gay community. Since Madrids serving as host of the 2007 Europride, the Gay Pride march has evolved to the biggest gay festival in the world, Chueca will hold the World Gay Pride in 2017. In 2012 more than 300,000 foreigners travelled to Madrid for the LGBT celebrations, during the last years Chueca has become a center for gay art. Shows such as De bares hacia la exposicion by Daniel Garbade in or the Illustrations, Chueca is a favorite set for movies. Eloy de la Iglesias’s last production, Bulgarian Lovers an adaptation of the novel by Eduardo Mendicutti was shot in the neighborhood. So where other such as Truman by Cesc Gay, Boystown by Juan Flahn
Las Acacias (Madrid)
Las Acacias is a ward of Madrid belonging to the district of Arganzuela. Its code number is 22 and, as of 2006, its population was of 37,727, Acacias is located in city center and is crossed, at its south-eastern borders, by the river Manzanares. Acacias borders with the districts of Centro and with the Arganzuelan wards of Imperial, Palos de Moguer, Las Delicias, Las Acacias is served by the Metro Line 5 stations of Puerta de Toledo and Pirámides. It is served by the Cercanías stations of Pirámides and Embajadores, orthophoto of the district of Arganzuela
The Peninsular War was a military conflict between Napoleons empire and the allied powers of Spain and Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807, the Peninsular War overlaps with what the Spanish-speaking world calls the Guerra de la Independencia Española, which began with the Dos de Mayo Uprising on 2 May 1808 and ended on 17 April 1814. The French occupation destroyed the Spanish administration, which fragmented into quarrelling provincial juntas, the British Army, under the Lt. Gen. Arthur Wellesley, guarded Portugal and campaigned against the French in Spain alongside the reformed Portuguese army. The demoralised Portuguese army was reorganised and refitted under the command of Gen, in the following year Wellington scored a decisive victory over King Josephs army at Vitoria. The years of fighting in Spain were a burden on Frances Grande Armée. The Spanish armies were beaten and driven to the peripheries.
This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had provoked a total war. War and revolution against Napoleons occupation led to the Spanish Constitution of 1812, the burden of war destroyed the social and economic fabric of Portugal and Spain, and ushered in an era of social turbulence, political instability and economic stagnation. Devastating civil wars between liberal and absolutist factions, led by officers trained in the Peninsular War, persisted in Iberia until 1850. The cumulative crises and disruptions of invasion and restoration led to the independence of most of Spains American colonies, the Treaties of Tilsit, negotiated during a meeting in July 1807 between Emperors Alexander I of Russia and Napoleon, concluded the War of the Fourth Coalition. With Prussia shattered, and Russia allied with France, Napoleon expressed irritation that Portugal was open to trade with the United Kingdom, Prince John of Braganza, regent for his insane mother Queen Maria I, had declined to join the emperors Continental System against British trade.
After a few days, a large force started concentrating at Bayonne, meanwhile the Portuguese governments resolve was stiffening, and shortly afterward Napoleon was once again told that Portugal would not go beyond its original agreements. After he received the Portuguese answer, he ordered Junots corps to cross the frontier into Spain, while all this was going on, the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau had been signed between France and Spain. The document was drawn up by Napoleons marshal of the palace Géraud Duroc and Eugenio Izquierdo, the treaty proposed to carve up Portugal into three entities. Porto and the part was to become the Kingdom of Northern Lusitania. The southern portion, as the Principality of the Algarves, would fall to Godoy, the rump of the country, centered on Lisbon, was to be administered by the French. According to the Treaty of Fontainebleau, Junots invasion force was to be supported by 25,500 men in three Spanish columns, Gen. Taranco and 6,500 troops were ordered to march from Vigo to seize Porto in the north.
Capt. Gen. Solano would advance from Badajoz with 9,500 soldiers to capture Elvas, Gen. Caraffa and 9,500 men were instructed to assemble at Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo, and cooperate with Junots main force
El Cochecito is a 1960 Spanish black comedy film directed by Marco Ferreri. The film is based on Rafael Azconas novel and Azcona co-wrote the script with Ferreri, the film was a huge flop when it was released in Spain, but nowadays is a cult classic. The film had troubles with Spanish censorship, that forced to change, el Cochecito at the Internet Movie Database Review from June 29,1987 at The New York Times
Bajarse al moro
Bajarse al moro is a 1989 Spanish comedy film directed by Fernando Colomo. It stars Antonio Banderas and Verónica Forqué as a couple who live with group of other people in a small apartment. It was filmed in the Andalusian province of Cádiz and Forqué took home best actor awards at the Fotogramas de Plata in 1990 for their performances in the movie. The film is based on an eponymous play written by José Luis Alonso de Santos. Bajarse al moro at the Internet Movie Database
Manu Chao is a French-born musician of Spanish origin. He sings in French, English, Arabic, Galician, Chao began his musical career in Paris and playing with groups such as Hot Pants and Los Carayos, which combined a variety of languages and musical styles. With friends and his brother Antoine Chao, he founded the band Mano Negra in 1987, achieving considerable success and he became a solo artist after its breakup in 1995, and since tours regularly with his live band, Radio Bemba. Chaos mother, Felisa Ortega, is from Bilbao, Basque Country and they emigrated to Paris to avoid Francisco Francos dictatorship—Manus grandfather had been sentenced to death. Shortly after Manus birth, the Chao family moved to the outskirts of Paris, as he grew up he was surrounded by many artists and intellectuals, most of whom were acquaintances of his father. Chao cites much of his experience as inspiration for some songs. As a child, he was a big fan of Cuban singer-pianist Bola de Nieve, heavily influenced by the UK rock scene, particularly The Clash, The Jam and Dr.
Feelgood and other musicians formed the Spanish/English rockabilly group Hot Pants in the mid-1980s. The group released a demo entitled Mala Vida in 1984, which received plenty of critical praise but otherwise gained them little attention. Los Carayos remained a side project of the artists for eight years, in 1987, the Chao brothers and their cousin Santiago Casariego founded the multiracial band Mano Negra. Manu Chao said in Alt. Latino in 2011, Mano Negra started playing in a subway in Paris before the band started to be known and we started in a subway for a living. This is what made the musicians of Mano Negra, and so the people using the subway in Paris was very eclectic. There was people from a lot of different countries, different cultures, so we have to be able to play all kind of music to please all the people in a subway. So that was a school to learn a lot of different style of music. Starting on a label, the group released a reworked version of the Hot Pants single Mala Vida in 1988.
The group soon moved to Virgin Records, and their first album Patchanka was released the following year. Though the group never gained much fame in the English-speaking market, popularity throughout the rest of the world followed, reaching the Top 5 in the Netherlands, Italy. The band achieved fame in South America with 1992s Cargo Tour. Mano Negra performed a tour through much of Colombia in a retired train, the Ice Express