Université de Hearst

Université de Hearst is a Canadian postsecondary institution with campuses in Hearst and Kapuskasing, Ontario. It is a federated school of Laurentian University in Sudbury, is the only francophone university-level institution in the province. Université de Hearst offers university degree programs in French, covering areas of study such as history, philosophy, psychology and geography for Northeastern Ontario's Franco-Ontarian community. Furthermore, it serves as a recruiting pool for the region’s elementary and secondary teachers; as of 2016, the university only offers three university degrees. The Université de Hearst is a member of L'Association des collèges et universités de la francophonie canadienne, a network of academic institutions of the Canadian Francophonie. L'Université de Hearst provides those students who speak French or bilingual students in Northeastern Ontario access to university education by offering quality programs in the region; the Hearst campus located at 60 9th Street features an amphitheater and gymnasium.

The Maurice-Saulnier library includes a variety of books and periodicals in French and English and a computer lab. The Kapuskasing campus is located at 7 Aurora Avenue; the Timmins campus is located at 395 Theriault boulevard. During its foundation in 1953, the University of Hearst carried the name Collège universitaire de Hearst; this institution was founded by Louis Lévesque and financed by the population of the diocese of Hearst, Ontario with the intention of providing secondary education accessible to the French-speaking youth of the northeast of Ontario. The Collège universitaire de Hearst was incorporated under the name Collège universitaire de Hearst in 1959 to focus on university studies; the institution ceased providing college programs to concentrate on the university programs. It was affiliated with the University of Sudbury in 1957 and to Laurentian University in 1963. In addition to providing educational programs, the institution contributes to the French speaking community in Northern Ontario culturally and economically.

The campus in Hearst features a dormitory on the second floor. The campus in Kapuskasing has dormitory located on Dallyn Ave.. Université de Hearst


A carboxylate is the conjugate base of a carboxylic acid. Carboxylate salts have the general formula Mn, where M is a metal and n is 1, 2.... R and R′ are organic groups. A carboxylate ion is the conjugate base of a carboxylic acid, RCOO− (or, it is an ion with negative charge. A carboxylate can be made by deprotonation of carboxylic acids. Most of them have a pKa of 5, which means that they can be deprotonated by many bases, such as sodium hydroxide or sodium bicarbonate. RCO 2 H + NaOH ⟶ RCO 2 Na + H 2 O Carboxylic acids dissociate into a carboxylate anion and a positively charged hydrogen ion, much more than alcohols do, because the carboxylate ion is stabilized by resonance; the negative charge, left after deprotonation of the carboxyl group is delocalized between the two electronegative oxygen atoms in a resonance structure. If the R group is an electron-withdrawing group, the basicity of the carboxylate will be further weakened; this delocalization of the electron cloud means that both of the oxygen atoms are less negatively charged.

In contrast, an alkoxide ion, once formed, would have a strong negative charge on the oxygen atom, which would make it difficult for the proton to escape. Carboxylic acids thus have a lower pKa values than alcohols. For example, the pKa value of ethanol is 16 while acetic acid has a pKa of 4.9. Hence acetic acid is a much stronger acid than ethanol; the higher the number of protons in solution, the lower the pH. Carboxylate ions are good nucleophiles, they react with alkyl halides to form ester. The following reaction shows the reaction mechanism; the nucleophilicity of carboxylate ions are much weaker than that of hydroxide and alkoxide ions, but stronger than halide anions. Unlike the reduction of ester, the reduction of carboxylate is different, due to the lack of the leaving group and the electron-rich carbon atom. With small amount of acid, the reaction occurs with lithium aluminium hydride by changing the LAH into a Lewis acid, AlH3 in the process, converting the oxyanion to 4 Al-O bonds. Formate ion, HCOO− Acetate ion, CH3COO− Lactate ion, CH3CHCOO− Oxalate ion, 2−2 Citrate ion, C3H5O3−3 Carboxylic acid

Windy McCall

John William McCall was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1948 through 1957 for the Boston Red Sox, Pittsburgh Pirates and New York Giants. Listed at 6 feet tall and 180 pounds, McCall threw left-handed, he was born in San Francisco and studied at the University of San Francisco. He was a United States Marine Corps veteran of World War II, serving in the Pacific Theater of Operations, including Iwo Jima and Okinawa. In a seven-season MLB career, McCall posted an 11–15 record with a 4.22 ERA and 12 saves in 134 appearances, including 15 starts, four complete games, 144 strikeouts, 103 walks, 249 hits allowed, 253​1⁄3 innings of work. McCall pitched for the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League from 1951 to 1953. According to the Baseball Register, McCall was nicknamed "Windy" by Red Sox slugger Ted Williams as a young player "because he was always asking about Ted's bats." McCall died on February 5, 2015, but the news of his death did not reach researchers until 2016.

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