Front Street (Toronto)
Front Street is an east-west road in downtown Toronto, Canada. First laid out in 1796, the street is one of the original streets of the Town of York; the street was laid out along the shoreline of Lake Ontario. It remains an important street, with many important uses located along it, including the St. Lawrence Market, the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts, Union Station and the Metro Toronto Convention Centre; the eastern section of Front Street, in the West Don Lands, east of Cherry Street, is being rebuilt as a broad tree-lined boulevard, intended to be pedestrian friendly commercial spine of the new neighbourhood. Front Street runs from Bathurst Street in the west, east to Bayview Avenue to the east. From Bathurst Street, the street is four lanes wide. On the south side are the large downtown rail yards. From Bathurst to Spadina, the north side is a mix of residential apartments and commercial development. West of Spadina Avenue, 444 Front St. West was the site of The Globe and Mail's offices for over 40 years until 2017.
Front Street diverges from the rail line. Along this stretch, which at one time was industrial with many rail sidings, the street has many high-rise buildings; these are residential with ground and lower floors given to retail and commercial uses. East of Blue Jays Way, the area becomes commercial. On the north side of the street are office buildings, including the headquarters for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Along the south side, is a low-rise office building to the north of the Rogers Centre stadium. From John Street east to nearly Simcoe is the Metro Convention Centre. From Simcoe East are a few remnant industrial buildings, repurposed for office and retail uses. 151 Front Street West is a carrier hotel that houses more than a hundred telecommunication companies, as well as the Toronto Internet Exchange. Between York and Bay Streets, the south side is the Union Station railway and subway station, the north side is the large Fairmont Royal York Hotel and the RBC Bank building. In this stretch, both sides of the street are reserved for parking for cabs and passenger drop-offs, there is a center divider.
East of Bay, the north side is the TD Canada Trust tower, while whole south side from Bay to Yonge is the Dominion Public Building, housing offices of the Government of Canada. The road curves to the north-east here to meet at Yonge. On the north-east corner is the Brookfield Place office complex, which incorporates some heritage buildings along Yonge Street. One of the houses the Hockey Hall of Fame. East of Yonge Street, the street is for a few blocks a two-lane one-way east street angling further to the north; the corner here is the site of the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts theater. The north side is the Altius Group office building, with ground-floor retail. One block east is the St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts theatre building on the south side, with a park along the north side. Along the south side to the east of the theatre are 19th Century commercial low-rise heritage buildings. At Church Street, the street intersects at an angle with Wellington Street; the intersection is notable for the Gooderham Building a wedge-shaped brick building between Wellington and Front.
From Church Street, the road continues as a four-lane street of two-way traffic, with a central divider. The north side are recent low-rise condominiums, the south side a collection of 19th-century commercial buildings. At the intersection of Jarvis Street is the St. Lawrence Market complex; this area was first laid out around 1800 to hold the commercial heart of the Town of York. A public market was first originated in 1803 to serve the Town at this location, the original "Market Square"; the large St. Lawrence Market south building incorporates part of the 1845 Toronto City Hall building in its Front Street facade; the north side of the street is the St. Lawrence Market north building, the original market location, the Market Square. East of Jarvis Street, the street continues as a four-lane two-way street; this stretch, parallel to King Street, from George to Parliament, is the southern border of the original York town site, although no buildings along this street date from the time of the Town of York.
From here east to Parliament Street, the area is mixed retail and commercial low-rise. The buildings are 20th Century buildings with a few heritage buildings dating back to the second half of the 19th Century. East of Parliament Street, the street intersects with the Eastern Avenue Extension which crosses over the Don River to connect to the Don Valley Parkway expressway. Front Street itself continues to the east as a two-lane street; the area here is a district in transition. This area was industrial, was connected to the railways east of Cherry Street; the area is now vacant and filled with the new buildings of the West Don Lands development. The area east of Cherry Street to the south was the site of the 2015 Pan American Games Athletes' Village, which will become the Canary District housing development. A new George Brown College residence and a YMCA were built here; the street closed to traffic. At Bayview, the street ends at the Corktown Common park, once the site of the William Davies Company meat packing factory complex.
The original 1796 York town plan, as approved by Lieutenant Governor Simcoe was a ten-block town site west of Taddle Creek, just west of the Don River. This part of the street which would in future become part of today's Front Street, was first named King Street. In the 1797 plan extending the town to the west, Front Street appeared to the west of Yonge, extended west to York Street; the streets in the original site wer
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Pierre Francis de Marigny Berton was a noted Canadian author of non-fiction Canadiana and Canadian history, was a television personality and journalist. He won many awards for his books. An accomplished storyteller, Berton was one of Canada's most popular authors, he wrote on popular culture, Canadian history, critiques of mainstream religion, children's books and historical works for youth. He was a founder of the Writers' Trust of Canada, a non-profit literary organization that seeks to encourage Canada's writing community. Berton's 50 books became popular in part due to fast-paced writing style, he was born on July 12, 1920, in Whitehorse, where his father had moved for the 1898 Klondike Gold Rush. His family moved to Dawson City, Yukon in 1921, his mother, Laura Beatrice Berton was a school teacher in Toronto until she was offered a job as a teacher in Dawson City at the age of 29 in 1907. She met Frank Berton in the nearby mining town of Granville shortly after settling in Dawson and teaching kindergarten.
Laura Beatrice Berton's autobiography of life in the Yukon entitled I Married the Klondike was published in her years and gave her, what her son Pierre describes as'a modicum of fame, which she enjoyed.'Berton's family moved to Victoria, British Columbia in 1932. At age 12 he joined the Scout Movement and wrote that "The Scout Movement was the making of me", he credited Scouting with keeping him from becoming a juvenile delinquent. He started his journalism career in scouting and wrote that "the first newspaper I was associated with was a weekly typewritten publication issued by the Seagull Patrol of St. Mary’s Troop." He remained in scouting for seven years and wrote about his experiences in an article titled "My Love Affair with the Scout Movement". Like his father, Pierre Berton worked in Klondike mining camps during his years as a history major at the University of British Columbia, where he worked on the student paper The Ubyssey, he spent his early newspaper career in Vancouver, where at 21 he was the youngest city editor on any Canadian daily, replacing editorial staff, called up during the Second World War.
Berton himself was conscripted into the Canadian Army under the National Resources Mobilization Act in 1942 and attended basic training in British Columbia, nominally as a reinforcement soldier intended for The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada. He elected to "go Active" and his aptitude was such that he was appointed Lance Corporal and attended NCO school, became a basic training instructor in the rank of corporal. Due to a background in university Canadian Officers' Training Corps and inspired by other citizen-soldiers, commissioned, he sought training as an officer. Berton spent the next several years attending a variety of military courses, becoming, in his words, the most trained officer in the military, he was warned for overseas duty many times, was granted embarkation leave many times, each time finding his overseas draft being cancelled. A coveted trainee slot with the Canadian Intelligence Corps saw Berton, now a Captain, trained to act as an Intelligence Officer, after a stint as an instructor at the Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario, he went overseas in March 1945.
In the UK, he was told that he would have to requalify as an IO because the syllabus in the UK was different from that in the intelligence school in Canada. By the time Berton had requalified, the war in Europe had ended, he volunteered for the Canadian Army Pacific Force, granted a final "embarkation leave", found himself no closer to combat employment by the time the Japanese surrendered in September 1945. In 1947 he went on an expedition to the Nahanni River with pilot Russ Baker. Berton's account for the Vancouver Sun was picked up by International News Service, making him a noted adventure-travel writer. Berton moved to Toronto in 1947. At the age of 31 he was named managing editor of Maclean's. In 1957, he became a key member of the CBC's public affairs flagship program, Close-Up, a permanent panelist on the popular television show Front Page Challenge; that same year, he narrated the Academy Award-nominated National Film Board of Canada documentary City of Gold, exploring life in his hometown of Dawson City during the Klondike Gold Rush.
He released an album in conjunction with Folkways Records, entitled The Story of the Klondike: Stampede for Gold – The Golden Trail. Berton joined the Toronto Star as associate editor of the Star Weekly and columnist for the daily paper in 1958, leaving in 1962 to commence The Pierre Berton Show, which ran until 1973. On this show in 1971 Berton interviewed Bruce Lee in what was to be the famous martial artist's only surviving television interview. Berton's television career included spots as host and writer on My Country, The Great Debate, Heritage Theatre, The Secret of My Success and The National Dream. From 1966 to 1984, Berton and long-time collaborator Charles Templeton made the daily syndicated radio debate show Dialogue. Berton served as the Chancellor of Yukon College and, along with numerous honorary degrees, received over 30 literary awards such as the Governor General's Award for Creative Non-Fiction, the Stephen Leacock Medal of Humour, the Gabrielle Léger Award for Lifetime Achievement in Heritage Conservation.
He is a member of Canada's Walk of Fame, having been inducted in 1998. In The Greatest Canadian project, he was voted No. 31 in the list of great Canadians. Berton was named Toronto Humanist of the Year 2003 by the Humanist Association of Toronto; the honour is presented by H. A. T. to men and women who, in
Yonge Street is a major arterial route in the Canadian province of Ontario connecting the shores of Lake Ontario in Toronto to Lake Simcoe, a gateway to the Upper Great Lakes. Until 1999, the Guinness Book of World Records repeated the popular misconception it was 1,896 km long, thus the longest street in the world. Yonge Street is 56 kilometres long; the construction of Yonge Street is designated an Event of National Historic Significance in Canada. Yonge Street was fundamental in the original planning and settlement of western Upper Canada in the 1790s, forming the basis of the concession roads in Ontario today. Once the southernmost leg of Highway 11, linking the capital with northern Ontario, Yonge Street has been referred to as "Main Street Ontario". Today, no section of Yonge Street is a provincial highway; the street was named by Ontario's first colonial administrator, John Graves Simcoe, for his friend Sir George Yonge, an expert on ancient Roman roads. Yonge Street is a commercial main thoroughfare rather than a ceremonial one, with landmarks such as the Eaton Centre, Yonge-Dundas Square and the Hockey Hall of Fame along its length—and lends its name to the Downtown Yonge shopping and entertainment district.
In Toronto and York Region, Yonge Street is the north-south baseline from which street numbering is reckoned east and west. The eastern branch of Line 1 Yonge–University serves nearly the entire length of the street in Toronto and acts as the spine of the Toronto subway system, linking to suburban commuter systems such as the Viva Blue BRT. See the'Public Transit' section below. Yonge Street originates on the northern shore of Toronto Bay at Queens Quay as a four-lane arterial road proceeding north by north-west. Toronto's Harbourfront is built on landfill extended into the bay, with the former industrial area now converted from port and industrial uses to a dense residential high-rise community; the street passes under the elevated Gardiner Expressway and the congested rail lines of the Toronto viaduct on their approach to Union Station. The road rises near Front Street, marking the pre-landfill shoreline. Here, at the southern edge of the central business district, is the Dominion Public Building, the Sony Centre for the Performing Arts and the Hockey Hall of Fame, the latter housed in an imposing former Bank of Montreal office, once Canada's largest bank branch.
Beyond Front Street the road passes through the east side of the Financial District, within sight of many of Canada's tallest buildings, fronting an entrance to the Allen Lambert Galleria. Between Front Street and Queen Street, Yonge Street is bounded by historic and commercial buildings, many serving the large weekday workforce concentrated here. Yonge Street's entire west side, from Queen Street to Dundas Street, is occupied by the Eaton Centre, an indoor mall featuring shops along its Yonge Street frontage and a Nordstrom anchor store at the corner of Dundas Street; the east side has two historic performance venues, the Ed Mirvish Theatre and the Elgin and Winter Garden Theatres. In addition, Massey Hall is just to the east on Shuter Street. Opposite the Eaton Centre lies Yonge-Dundas Square; the area now comprising the square was cleared of several small commercial buildings and redeveloped in the late 1990s and early 2000s, with large video screens, retail shopping arcades and seating in a bid to become "Toronto's Times Square".
It is used for numerous public events. Another stretch of busy retail lines both sides of Yonge Street north of Dundas Street, including Sam the Record Man until its closure on June 30, 2007; the density of businesses diminishes north of Gerrard Street. The Art Deco College Park building, a former shopping complex of the T. Eaton Company, occupies most of the west side of Yonge Street from Gerrard Street north to College Street, it was converted into a commercial complex after the building of the Eaton Centre. From College Street north to Bloor Street, Yonge Street serves smaller street-level retail in two- to three-storey buildings of a hundred years' vintage; the businesses here, unlike the large chains which dominate south of Gerrard Street, are small independent shops and serve a dense residential community on either side of Yonge Street with amenities such as convenience stores. The intersection of Yonge and Bloor Streets is a major crossroads of Toronto, informally considered the northern edge of the downtown core.
Subway Line 2 Bloor–Danforth intersects the Yonge line here, with the resulting transfers between lines making Bloor-Yonge Station the busiest in the city. The Hudson's Bay Centre and Two Bloor West office towers dominate the corner, visible both from downtown and beyond, with the south-east corner earmarked for a major condominium development; the Mink Mile's borders extend from Yonge to Avenue Road along Bloor. The intersection of Yonge and Bloor Streets is itself a "scramble"-type intersection allowing pedestrians to cross from any corner to any other corner. North of Bloor, the street is part of the old town of Yorkville, today a major shopping district extending west of Yonge Street along Cumberland and Bloor Streets. North of Yorkville and traffic decrease somewhat and the speed limit increases as Yonge Street forms the main street of Summerhill, which together with Rosedale to the east is noted for its opulent residences; the area is marked by the historic North Toronto railway station served by the Canadian Pacific
Avenue Road is a major north-south street in Toronto, Ontario. The road is a continuation of University Avenue, linked to it via Queen's Park and Queen's Park Crescent East and West to form a single through route; until January 1, 1998, these roads were designated Highway 11A. Avenue Road is the western limit of the former town of Yorkville beginning at Bloor Street and ending just north of Highway 401. At its southern terminus, it runs between two of Toronto's major hotels, the Park Hyatt and the Four Seasons Hotel. On the northeast corner of the intersection with Bloor is the Church of the Redeemer. For much of its length the road is residential, with a mix of small businesses, as well as a few large schools and churches. A notable site along this "lower section" is the Hare Krishna Temple the Avenue Road Church, opposite Dupont Street and across the street from the Anglican Church of The Messiah. Just north of St. Clair Avenue, Avenue Road is interrupted by Upper Canada College, ending at Lonsdale Road and resuming again at Kilbarry Road.
The primary traffic route runs east of the school, following widened sections of Lonsdale Road and Oriole Parkway and returning to Avenue Road via Oxton Avenue.. North of Eglinton Avenue, the former St. James-Bond Church once stood; this building, which used to house two prime downtown congregations – St. James Square, Bond Street – was built in the late 1920s, closed in June 2005, it has since been demolished. Near Lawrence Avenue is Havergal College, a large private girls' school. Although in the former city of North York, much of the area considers the school part of North Toronto. Avenue Road ends at Bombay Avenue, just after crossing Highway 401. Avenue Road continued from what is now the interchange by angling northeast via the Hogg's Hollow Bridge to end at Yonge Street. A few miles north of Toronto's Avenue Road, there is a separate Avenue Road in Richmond Hill, running due north of the Toronto one; the thoroughfare's name sounds tautological or self-contradictory from a North American perspective, where avenue is one of the most common generic designations for street names.
However, Avenue Road is a common street name elsewhere in the English-speaking world, notably London, where at least 40 streets bear this name. In British English, an avenue is a row of trees, hence Avenue Road denotes a street lined with trees, thus one's reaction to the name may be seen as a shibboleth evincing attachment to British or American culture. A common urban legend about the origin of the name goes. Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe was surveying the old town of York and came to a spot on Bloor Street and pointed north, he said, "Let's'ave a new road!" Public transit along Avenue Road is provided by the Toronto Transit Commission, on three different bus routes. The two main full-service routes are the 5 Avenue Road, the 61 Avenue Road North, which provide service south and north of Eglinton Avenue respectively; the former originates from Eglinton station and takes commuters into downtown, the latter originates from a bus loop at the northern end and feeds into Eglinton station.
There is an express route, 142 Avenue Road Express, which runs the length of the road, for a direct ride into downtown and the Financial District. It requires a double fare. Avenue Road at Google Maps
King Street (Toronto)
King Street is a major east–west commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Canada. It was one of the first streets laid out in the 1793 plan of the town of York, which became Toronto in 1834. After the construction of the Market Square in 1803 at King and Jarvis streets, to house the first St. Lawrence Market farmer's market, the street became the primary commercial street of York and early Toronto; this original core was subsequently rebuilt. The original street extended from George to Berkeley Street and was extended by 1901 to its present terminuses at Roncesvalles Avenue in the west and the Don River in the east. King Street's western terminus is at an intersection with The Queensway to the west, Roncesvalles Avenue to the north, Queen Street West to the east. King runs to the south-east before curving to the east until just west of Parliament Street. There, it curves north-east until terminates at a merge with Queen Street East just west of the Don River and north of the Corktown Common. Prior to a realignment, Eastern Avenue was the East end of King Street and crossed the Don at the King Street Bridge.
Yonge Street, the north–south divider of many Toronto east–west streets, divides King Street into King Street East and King Street West. Canada's Walk of Fame runs along King Street from John Street to Simcoe Street and south on Simcoe, it is a tribute in granite to Canadians who have gained fame in the fields of music, journalism, sports, acting and broadcasting. King Street West is considered Toronto's Fashion District and is known for trendy restaurants, design shops and boutique condo developments. Industrial, this neighborhood has undergone considerable urban development since the early 2000s. King Street East is predominantly known as the high-end, luxury furniture district of downtown Toronto, with dozens of stores on King Street and in the surrounding area. King Street is served along its entire length by the Toronto Transit Commission's 504 King streetcar route, the busiest line in the fleet with an average of 65,000 passengers per day, it connects with the Yonge–University–Spadina subway line at St. Andrew Station at University Avenue, at King Station at Yonge Street.
It connects with the Bloor -- Danforth subway line at Dundas Broadview stations. The street was served by the 508 Lake Shore route until it was terminated in June 2015, it was subsequently replaced by the 514 Cherry route in June 2016. In the original 1793 plan of the Town of York, King Street was the original name of the section of today's Front Street from George Street east to Parliament Street; this was changed in 1797. The original King Street became Palace Street, Duke Street was renamed King Street; the new King Street was extended west to York Street. In 1798, King Street was extended further west, to Peter Street. In the 1837 westerly extension of Toronto, King Street was extended west to Garrison Creek. By this time, King Street was the main commercial east–west street of Toronto, having St. Lawrence Market at the intersection of King and New streets, an commercial core extending around the Market. In the 1849 Great Fire, much of the business core at King and Jarvis was destroyed. New commercial buildings were built.
By 1901, King Street West was completed to its present-day intersection at Roncesvalles and Queen Streets. In recent years there has been a proliferation of chic restaurants and galleries in the area as King Street West becomes more oriented to Toronto's nightlife crowd, is near major attractions such as the Rogers Centre, Air Canada Centre, the Distillery District, Hockey Hall of Fame, Roy Thomson Hall, Sony Centre for the Performing Arts, St. Lawrence Market and the historic King Edward Hotel. Popular attractions along King Street include Canada's Walk of Fame Princess of Wales Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Royal Alexandra Theatre - owned by theatre giant Ed and David Mirvish Roy Thomson HallOffice towers on King Toronto Stock Exchange Toronto-Dominion Centre First Canadian Place Scotia Plaza Commerce Court, including the historic Commerce Court NorthOther notable buildings on King Street King Edward Hotel St. James' Cathedral St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church Toronto Sun BuildingNeighbourhoodsCorktown Entertainment District Fashion District Financial District Liberty Village Parkdale Roncesvalles Old Town of York St. Lawrence Trinity Niagara Royal eponyms in Canada
Ontario Legislative Building
The Ontario Legislative Building is a structure in central Toronto, Canada. It houses the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, the viceregal suite of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario and offices for members of the provincial parliament; the building is surrounded by Queen's Park, sitting on that part south of Wellesley Street, the former site of King's College, and, leased from the university by the provincial Crown for a "peppercorn" payment of CAD$1 per annum on a 999-year term. The building and the provincial government are both referred to by the metonym "Queen's Park". Designed by Richard A. Waite, the Ontario Legislative Building is an asymmetrical, five-storey structure built in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, with a load-bearing iron frame; this is clad inside and out in Canadian materials where possible. There can be seen over the edifice a multitude of stone carvings, including gargoyles and friezes; the exterior is punctuated with uncharacteristically large windows, allowed by the nature of the iron structure.
The 1909 North Wing was built by noted Toronto architect George Wallace Gouinlock and E. J. Lennox added two floors to the west wing; the main façade fronts south, with the central axis of the building an extension of that for University Avenue, meaning that the Legislative Building creates a terminating vista for the north end of that main thoroughfare. The Legislative Chamber is directly on this axis, in the centre of the building, is lit by the three large and prominent arched windows above the main portico; this block is flanked by two domed towers, the west of, intended to hold a clock, but was fitted with a rose window instead, after funds for the clock were never amassed. The asymmetry of the south face was not as strong as it is at present. After the fire of 1909, the west side of the Legislative Building was repaired and expanded, with an added fourth floor that bears wall dormer windows in a long, gabled roof. At the far termini of the east–west axis, the wings each turn at right angles and extend north, enclosing a three-sided courtyard, in which sits the 1909 block, a free-standing, four storey structure, rectangular in plan.
Inside, a central hall runs between the main entrance at the south and a grand staircase directly opposite, from the mid-landing of, accessed the parliamentary library in the 1909 block. At the top landing of this stair is the lobby of the legislative chamber, with the door to which centrally aligned in the south wall. From this core, wide corridors extend east and west, each bisected by a long and narrow atrium lined with ornate railings. To the south of the Legislative Building is an open area with extensive tree cover, used for public gatherings and demonstrations; the provincial ministries are housed in the separate Ontario Government Buildings complex to the east, comprising the Hearst, Macdonald and Whitney Blocks. The building is featured on both the back covers of Rush's 1981 album Moving Pictures. At the north-west corner of the building is the Lieutenant Governor's Suite, which has housed the office of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario since 1937, when Ontario sold the province's Government House to the federal Crown.
The space was used as the Cabinet dining room and the Speaker's apartment. The suite is a three-storey complex, with its own ceremonial staircase and elevator entrances where members of the Canadian Royal Family and visiting dignitaries are greeted. A rose garden, donated by the Monarchist League of Canada in honour of the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 1977, sits on the west side of the building across the driveway. Inside are reception rooms, a state dining room, staff offices, a kitchen, arranged around a central stair hall; the furnishings and chandeliers throughout the suite came from the last government house, Chorley Park, paintings come from the Government of Ontario Art Collection and the Toronto Public Library. Special art exhibitions are commissioned from time to time; the Music Room is the largest space in the viceregal suite, is the site of New Years' Levées, swearing-in ceremonies for cabinet ministers, presentations of and investitures for provincial honours. The suite is home to portraits of some the past Lieutenant Governors of Ontario as well as: Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh, the Lieutenant Governor large portrait of Upper Canada's first Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe by painted Sir Edmund Wyly Grier The present Ontario Legislative Building is the seventh such structure to serve as Ontario's parliament building.
Either Navy Hall or the Freemasons Hall in Newark, Upper Canada, served as the first legislature, where the initial meeting of the House of Assembly occurred on 17 September 1791. Only three years however, construction began on a dedicated parliament building in York, as i