Warminster station (SEPTA)
Warminster station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Warminster, Pennsylvania. It serves as the north end of the Warminster Line, the station is served by the Fall Foliage trains of the New Hope & Ivyland Railroad, which offers diesel powered excursions between Warminster and New Hope; the station was a replacement for the former Bonair Reading Railroad Station. Original electrification from Hatboro was extended to Warminster in 1974; this station is wheelchair ADA accessible. Warminster station consists of a side platform along the tracks, wheelchair accessible; the station has a ticket office and waiting room, open on weekday mornings. There are four bike racks available. Warminster station has a daily parking lot with 562 spaces that charges $1 a day and a permit parking lot with 238 spaces that charges $25 a month. Train service at Warminster station is provided along the Warminster Line of SEPTA Regional Rail, which begins at the station and runs south to Center City Philadelphia. Warminster station is located in fare zone 3.
Service is provided daily from early morning to late evening. Most Warminster Line trains continue through the Center City Commuter Connection tunnel and become Airport Line trains, providing service to the Philadelphia International Airport. In FY 2013, Warminster station had a weekday average of 666 alightings. Media related to Warminster at Wikimedia Commons SEPTA - Warminster Station Station from Google Maps Street View
West Trenton Line (SEPTA)
The West Trenton Line is a SEPTA Regional Rail line connecting Center City Philadelphia to the West Trenton section of Ewing Township, New Jersey. The West Trenton Line connects Center City, Philadelphia with the West Trenton section of Ewing, New Jersey; the line splits from the SEPTA Main Line at Jenkintown. At Bethayres, it crosses the Pennypack Trail that runs along the former Philadelphia and New York Railroad, which once connected with the Fox Chase Line. At Oakford, the former New York Short Line Railroad, once part of the Reading's main line to West Trenton and Jersey City and CSX's Trenton Subdivision, merges. North of Oakford, the West Trenton Line runs parallel to CSX's Trenton Subdivision; the West Trenton Railroad Bridge, a concrete arch bridge, crosses the Delaware River to the final stop at West Trenton. Like all of the Reading Company's commuter lines, the West Trenton Line was electrified in the early 1930s and has a mix of at-grade and grade separated crossings. Electrified service to West Trenton was opened on July 26, 1931.
The RDG planned to electrify tracks between West Trenton and the CNJ Terminal in Jersey City for long-distance service, but had to drop plans for electrification outside of the commuter service area due to economic setbacks as a result of the Great Depression. The line north of the split at Jenkintown was built as the National Railway project, opened on May 1, 1876, to provide an alternate to the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Companies' monopoly over Philadelphia-New York City travel. From Jenkintown to the Delaware River it was built by the North Pennsylvania Railroad as a branch, while the New Jersey section was built by the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad, merging with the Central Railroad of New Jersey at Bound Brook. In addition to the Reading Company, which leased the North Pennsylvania Railroad in 1879, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad used the line for passenger and freight service to New York City, including its famed Royal Blue service. In 1976 the Reading merged into Conrail, in 1983 SEPTA took over operations.
Prior to 1981, limited service continued north to Newark, New Jersey, using Budd Company-built Diesel multiple units. This service was the last remains of the Reading's Crusader service, which began in 1937 using streamlined steam locomotives and passenger cars. SEPTA ended service beyond West Trenton on August 1, 1981. NJT has since considered service resumption on their West Trenton Line. Beginning in 1984 the route was designated R1 West Trenton as part of SEPTA's diametrical reorganization of its lines. West Trenton Line trains operated through the city center to the Airport Line on the ex-Pennsylvania side of the system. In years this behavior changed; the R-number naming system was dropped on July 25, 2010. As of 2018, most West Trenton Line trains terminate at 30th Street Station on weekdays, while most evening and all weekend trains operate to Elwyn on the Media/Elwyn Line. Between Oakford and West Trenton, the West Trenton Line followed CSX's Trenton Subdivision until passenger and freight operations were separated.
SEPTA and CSX trains were separated between Woodbourne and West Trenton in 2015 ahead of the implementation of positive train control on the West Trenton Line. SEPTA activated PTC on the West Trenton Line on October 24, 2016; the West Trenton Line includes the following stations north of the Center City Commuter Connection. Continued out to Newark, NJ until 1981. Between FY 2008–FY 2014 yearly ridership on the West Trenton Line held steady at 3.5 million. SEPTA – West Trenton line schedule The Blue Comet - Reading Terminal to West Trenton, New Jersey
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe
Newark station (Delaware)
Newark station is a train station in Newark, Delaware, on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, serving Amtrak Northeast Regional trains and SEPTA Wilmington/Newark Line Regional Rail trains. The Newark station is the southern terminus of weekday service for SEPTA. Like all stations in Delaware, SEPTA service is provided under contract and funded through DART First State; the station is located at Mopar Drive and South College Avenue, travelers arriving at the station must walk a few blocks north along South College Avenue to reach the University of Delaware or the businesses centered on Main Street. A 380 space parking lot exists serving park and ride passengers bound for Wilmington, Delaware, or Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the James F. Hall Trail runs along the north side of the tracks; the station building constructed by the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad in 1877, is adjacent to the southbound platform, at one time had connecting branches to Pomeroy and Delaware City, Delaware. It does not function as a train station.
It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since May 7, 1982. The station is built on a "T" plan with a hipped cross-gable roof and Victorian detailing such as ornamental brackets and sawtooth brickwork. In 1986, Newark's city council authorized an application for a state of Delaware Bicentennial Improvement Fund grant for the acquisition and redevelopment of the Newark station, on March 27, 1987, Amtrak deeded the station building to the city. By September, the city had hired John Milner Associates of West Chester, Pa. to develop architectural specifications for restoration. Restoration work encompassed the first floor ticket booths, the ladies' and men's waiting rooms, modernized upstairs offices, rebuilt canopies on the exterior. SEPTA has now been to Newark Delaware since 1997. Prior to the mid-1980s a grade crossing was located shortly to the West of the station; as part of the Northeast Corridor Improvement Project it was replaced with an overpass. In 2012 a new federal grant was awarded to upgrade the station into a multi-modal hub.
This includes new platform, eliminating grade crossings, upgrades to the adjacent rail yard and new ticketing machines. Track upgrades to increase capacity between Newark and Wilmington are underway including rebuilding and reconfiguring interlockings and adding a third track to 1.5 miles of the line. An extension of MARC's Penn Line commuter rail service from Maryland has been discussed, connecting Newark to Baltimore and Washington, D. C; the MTA funds a local bus connection between Newark and Baltimore with a transfer at Elkton station. On July 17, 2017, construction began on a project that will add new tracks, accessible platforms and a new station building. A groundbreaking ceremony was held with Governor John Carney, U. S. Senators Tom Carper and Chris Coons, U. S. Representative Lisa Blunt Rochester in attendance; the first phase of the project added more parking spaces and reconfigured the intersection with South College Avenue at the station. The second phase will construct the new station building, which will have restrooms, a waiting area, parking for bicycles.
A covered pedestrian bridge is planned to be constructed over the tracks. The new station will have a high-level accessible platform between two tracks, allowing the station to serve two trains at one time. On May 30, 2018, a groundbreaking ceremony was held for the new station building, with Governor Carney and Senator Carper in attendance; the project will allow for the expansion of SEPTA service at the station and for a possible extension of MARC service from Maryland. Media related to Newark Rail Station at Wikimedia CommonsNewark – Amtrak SEPTA station page for Newark Newark Amtrak & SEPTA Station DART Commuter Rail Improvement Plan College Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View Station House from Google Maps Street View Newark --Great American Stations
A turnstile called a baffle gate or turnstyle, is a form of gate which allows one person to pass at a time. It can be made so as to enforce one-way traffic of people, in addition, it can restrict passage only to people who insert a coin, a ticket, a pass, or similar, thus a turnstile can be used in the case of paid access, for example to access public transport, a pay toilet, or to restrict access to authorized people, for example in the lobby of an office building. Turnstiles were used, like other forms of stile, to allow human beings to pass while keeping sheep or other livestock penned in; the use of turnstiles in most modern applications has been credited to Clarence Saunders, who used them in his first Piggly Wiggly store. Turnstiles are used at a wide variety of settings, including stadiums, amusement parks, mass transit stations, office lobbies, ski resorts, power plants and casinos. From a business/revenue standpoint, turnstiles give an accurate, verifiable count of attendance. From a security standpoint, they lead patrons to enter single-file, so security personnel have a clear view of each patron.
This enables security to efficiently isolate potential trouble or to confiscate any prohibited materials. On the other hand, physical barriers become a serious safety issue when a speedy evacuation is needed, requiring emergency exits that bypass any turnstiles. Persons with disabilities may have difficulties using turnstiles. In these cases a wide aisle gate or a manual gate may be provided. At some locations where luggage is expected, a line of turnstiles may be formed of wide aisle gates, for example at Heathrow Terminals 2 & 3 Underground station. Turnstiles use ratchet mechanisms to allow the rotation of the stile in one direction allowing ingress but preventing rotation in the other direction, they are designed to operate only after a payment has been made by inserting a coin or token in a slot. Turnstiles are used for counting the numbers of people passing through a gate when payment is not involved, they are used extensively in this manner in amusement parks, in order to keep track of how many people enter and exit the park and ride each ride.
The first major use of turnstiles at a sporting venue was at Hampden Park in Scotland. Waist-high turnstiles are used in fairs and arenas; the user inserts a pass into the slot, from which a barcode is read. Sometimes referred to as "half-height" turnstiles, this fixed arm style has traditionally been the most popular type of turnstile. There are many variations of this style available, including one, designed to be accompanied by a matching ticket box, one with a ticket box built in; some styles are designed to allow entry only after a payment are inserted, while others allow access after a valid barcode is electronically read. A disadvantage to this type is people can "jump the turnstile" as happens on the Moscow Metro and other mass transport systems in Russia. Optical turnstiles are an alternative to the traditional "arm"-style turnstile and are used in locations where a physical barrier is deemed unnecessary or unaesthetic. Optical turnstiles use an infrared beam to count patrons and recognize anyone attempting to enter a site without a valid entry pass.
The drop arm optical turnstile is a combination of the security of a tripod or barrier turnstile and a optical turnstile. The lanes can have either double arms; when access is granted the arms drop into recesses in the cabinet. Once the arms drop out of the way, the turnstile functions as a optical turnstile; the full-height turnstile is a larger version of the turnstile 7-foot high, similar in operation to a revolving door, which eliminates the possibility of anyone jumping over the turnstile. However, this type of turnstile functions differently than a revolving door, in that it does not allow someone to come in as someone else goes out, it is pejoratively known as an "iron maiden", after the torture device of the same name, or "high-wheel". It is sometimes called a "Rotogate" in Chicago, where it is used at unstaffed exits of Chicago'L' stations, is used at many New York City Subway stations. In Europe, however, "Rotogate" refers to a different kind of gate, not a turnstile. There are two types of High Entrance/Exit Turnstile and Exit-Only.
The difference between them is that HEET turnstiles can rotate in both directions thus allowing two-way traffic, while exit-only turnstiles can only rotate in one direction thus allowing one-way traffic. Exit-only turnstiles are used in mass transit stations to allow passengers to exit the system without interfering with those entering. Exit-only models are used at enclosed areas such as theme parks, zoos, or amusement parks, to allow visitors to leave, while denying admission to those who have not paid. Additionally there are single, double or tandem turnstiles that contain two rotors side by side in the same frame; this allows more throughput in a limited space, as tandems are more narrow than two single turnstiles when placed side-by-side. In the public transport systems of the Soviet Union, the only common use of turnstiles was at the entrance to subway stations. City buses and
Airport Line (SEPTA)
The Airport Line is a route of the SEPTA Regional Rail commuter rail system in Philadelphia, which runs between Philadelphia International Airport through Center City to Temple University station. In practice, only a few trains originate or terminate at Temple; the line between Center City and the airport runs seven days a week from 5:00 AM to midnight with trains every 30 minutes. The trip length from Suburban Station to the airport is 19 to 24 minutes. While geographically on the former Pennsylvania Railroad side of the Regional Rail System, the route consists of new construction, a reconstructed industrial branch of the former Pennsylvania Railroad, a shared Conrail freight branch; the Airport Line opened on April 28, 1985, as SEPTA R1, providing service from Center City to the Philadelphia International Airport. By its twentieth anniversary in 2005, the line had carried over 20 million passengers to and from the airport; the line splits from Amtrak's Northeast Corridor north of Darby and passes over it via a flying junction.
West of the airport, the line breaks from the old right-of-way and a new bridge carries it over I-95 and into the airport terminals between the baggage claim and the check-in counters. The line stops at four stations which are directly connected to each airport terminal by escalators and elevators which rise one level to the walkways between the arrival and departure areas. All airport stations feature high-level platforms to make it easier to board and alight from the train with luggage; some stations can be accessed directly from the arrivals concourse by crossing Commercial Vehicles Road. The line ends between Terminals F at their combined station; as of 2018, most weekday Airport Line trains are through routed with the Warminster Line and alternate between terminating in Glenside and Warminster. Most weekend trains either terminate at Temple University; the Airport Line makes the following station stops, after leaving the Center City Commuter Connection. All stations are in the County of Philadelphia.
The line south of the Northeast Corridor was part of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad main line, opened on January 17, 1838. The connection between the NEC and the original PW&B is made however by the 60th Street Branch. A new alignment of the PW&B opened November 18, 1872, on July 1, 1873, the Philadelphia and Reading Railway the Reading Company, leased the old line for 999 years. Connection was made over the PRR's Junction Railroad and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Baltimore and Philadelphia Railroad. However, as a condition of the sale, no passenger service was provided; the line passed into Conrail in 1976 and SEPTA in 1983, with passenger service to the Airport beginning on April 28, 1985. Infill stations were planned from the beginning of service, two of which were on the Airport Line proper: one at 70th Street, the other one at 84th Street; the latter station was opened in 1997 as Eastwick, while 70th Street was never built, has since disappeared from maps. Additionally, University City station opened in April 1995 to serve all R1, R2 and R3 trains passing it.
All these stations appeared on 1984 SEPTA informational maps, the first ones to show the Center City Commuter Connection and the Airport Line. SEPTA activated positive train control on the Airport Line on October 10, 2016. Ridership by fiscal year: Railroad History Database PRR Chronology "SEPTA – Airport Line schedule"
An island platform is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes due to cost-effective reasons, they are useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two tracks. An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks; the historical use of island platforms depends upon the location. In the United Kingdom the use of island platforms is common when the railway line is in a cutting or raised on an embankment, as this makes it easier to provide access to the platform without walking across the tracks. Island platforms are necessary for any station with many through platforms. Building small two-track stations with a single island platform instead of two side platforms does have advantages.
Island platforms allow facilities such as shops and waiting rooms to be shared between both tracks rather than being duplicated or present only on one side. An island platform makes it easier for wheelchair users and other people with physical limitations to change services between tracks or access facilities. If the tracks are above or below the entrance level, an island platform layout requires only one staircase and one elevator be built to access the platforms. Building the tracks and entrance at the same level creates a disadvantage. If an island platform is not wide enough to cope with passenger numbers, overcrowding can be a problem. Examples of stations where a narrow island platform has caused safety issues include Clapham Common and Angel on the London Underground. An island platform requires the tracks to diverge around the center platform, extra width is required along the right-of-way on each approach to the station on high-speed lines. Track centers vary for rail systems throughout the world but are 3 to 5 meters.
If the island platform is 6 meters wide, the tracks must slew out by the same distance. While this requirement is not a problem on a new line under construction, it makes building a new station on an existing line impossible without altering the tracks. A single island platform makes it quite difficult to have through tracks, which are between the local tracks. A common configuration in busy locations on high speed lines is a pair of island platforms, with slower trains diverging from the main line so that the main line tracks remain straight. High-speed trains can therefore pass straight through the station, while slow trains pass around the platforms; this arrangement allows the station to serve as a point where slow trains can be passed by faster trains. A variation at some stations is to have the slow and fast pairs of tracks each served by island platforms A rarer layout, present at Mets-Willets Point on the IRT Flushing Line, 34th Street – Penn Station on the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and 34th Street – Penn Station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, uses two side platforms for local services with an island in between for express services.
The purpose of this atypical design was to reduce unnecessary passenger congestion at a station with a high volume of passengers. Since the IRT Seventh Avenue Line and IND Eighth Avenue Line have adjacent express stations at 42nd Street, passengers can make their transfers from local to express trains there, leaving more space available for passengers utilizing intercity rail at Pennsylvania Station; the Willets Point Boulevard station was renovated to accommodate the high volume of passengers coming to the 1939 World's Fair. Many of the stations on the Great Central Railway were constructed in this form; this was. If this happened, the lines would need to be compatible with continental loading gauge, this would mean it would be easy to change the line to a larger gauge, by moving the track away from the platform to allow the wider bodied continental rolling stock to pass while leaving the platform area untouched. Island platforms are a normal sight on Indian railway stations. All railway stations in India consist of island platforms.
In Toronto, 29 subway stations use island platforms. In Sydney, on the Eastern Suburbs Railway and the Epping Chatswood Railway, the twin tunnels are spaced and the tracks can remain at a constant track centres while still leaving room for the island platforms. A slight disadvantage is. In Edmonton, all 18 LRT stations on the Capital Line and Metro Line use island platforms; the Valley Line under construction, utilizes the new low-floor LRT technology, but will only use island platforms on one of the twelve stops along the line. In southern New Jersey and Philadelphia, PATCO uses island platforms in all of its 13 s