Term of office
A term of office is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office. In many jurisdictions there is a limit on how long terms of office may be before the officeholder must be subject to re-election. Some jurisdictions exercise term limits, setting a number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office. Being the origin of the Westminster system, aspects of the United Kingdoms system of government are replicated in other countries. The monarch serves as head of state until his or her death or abdication, in the United Kingdom Members of Parliament in the House of Commons are elected for the duration of the parliament. Following dissolution of the Parliament, an election is held which consists of simultaneous elections for all seats. For most MPs this means that their terms of office are identical to the duration of the Parliament, an MP elected in a by-election mid-way through a Parliament, regardless of how long they have occupied the seat, is not exempt from facing re-election at the next general election.
The Septennial Act 1715 provided that a Parliament expired seven years after it had been summoned, prior to the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 parliaments had no minimum duration. Parliaments could be dissolved early by the monarch at the Prime Ministers request, the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 mandated that Parliaments should last their full five years. Early dissolution is possible, but under much more limited circumstances. Hereditary peers and life peers retain membership of the House of Lords for life, Lords Spiritual hold membership of the House of Lords until the end of their time as bishops, though a senior bishop may be made a life peer upon the end of their bishopric. The devolved administrations in Scotland and Northern Ireland are variations on the system of government used at Westminster, the office of the leader of the devolved administrations has no numeric term limit imposed upon it. However, in the case of the Scottish Government and the Welsh Assembly Government there are fixed terms for which the legislatures can sit and this is imposed at four years.
Elections may be held before this time but only if no administration can be formed, offices of local government other regional elected officials follow similar rules to the national offices discussed above, with persons elected to fixed terms of a few years. Federal judges have different terms in office, the majority of the federal judiciary, Article III judges, such as those of the Supreme Court, courts of appeal, and federal district courts, serve for life. The terms of office for officials in state governments according to the provisions of state constitutions. The term for state governors is four years in all states but Vermont and New Hampshire, the National Conference of State Legislatures reported in January 2007 that among state legislatures,44 states had terms of office for the lower house of the state legislature at two years. Five had terms of office at four years,37 states had terms of office for the upper house of the state legislature at four years
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
University of West Florida
The University of West Florida, known as West Florida and UWF, is a mid-sized public university located in Pensacola, United States. The main campus is a natural preserve that is bordered by two rivers and Escambia Bay, the universitys mascot is an Argonaut and its logo is the Chambered Nautilus. In 1962, the Florida Legislature authorized the State Board of Education to locate a university in Escambia County. Following a feasibility study, which demonstrated the need for an institution of education in Northwest Florida. Harold Crosby was appointed the first president in July 1964, UWF was the sixth institution of the State University System of Florida, which today consists of twelve institutions of higher learning. Ground was broken on April 16,1965, and in the year the Chambered Nautilus was adopted as the official UWF emblem. The first students began classes in the fall of 1967, current facilities at UWF include 35 academic buildings,21 student services facilities,25 residence halls, two university village student apartment complexes, and 20 plant support facilities.
In 1997,600 additional acres were acquired, which brought the Pensacola campus to a total of 1,600 acres, the university was organized in three resident or cluster colleges, Alpha and Omega. Not only were academic disciplines assigned to these colleges, but student government, cultural programs, UWF was originally an upper-level institution, enrolling juniors and graduate students. The first students began classes in the fall of 1967, and the first commencement exercises were held in June 1968, in 1969, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools accredited the university undergraduate programs, and the first masters degree programs were established. In July 1979, the university organized into a traditional structure by establishing three colleges and Sciences, and Education. That decision was reversed, and computer science was moved to the School of Computer Science and Engineering within the College of Arts. During the fall of 1999, the colleges reorganized as the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Business, the most recent reorganization took place in 2015, splitting the former College of Science and Health in two.
The University of West Florida is an institution, receiving most of its funding through state funds. A 13-member Board of Trustees governs the University, University College currently includes the First Year Advising Center, Kugelman Honors Program, General Studies Program, Quality Enhancement Plan and Retention Initiatives at UWF. Jobs magazine Designated as a Best Southeastern College by the Princeton Review For a full list, the main campus of 1,600 acres of rolling hills and natural woodland along the Escambia River is ten miles north of downtown Pensacola, in the Ferry Pass area. Its facilities have been designed to complement the natural forest and waterways and it is the largest library in the Northwest Florida area. In addition to the library on the main campus north of Pensacola, there is a branch library in Fort Walton Beach
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
The New York Review of Books
The New York Review of Books is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, economics and current affairs. Published in New York City, it is inspired by the idea that the discussion of important books is a literary activity. Esquire called it the premier literary-intellectual magazine in the English language, in 1970 writer Tom Wolfe described it as the chief theoretical organ of Radical Chic. The Review publishes long-form reviews and essays, often by well-known writers, original poetry, in 1979 the magazine founded the London Review of Books, which soon became independent. In 1990 it founded an Italian edition, la Rivista dei Libri, Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein edited the paper together from its founding in 1963, until her death in 2006. From until his death in 2017, Silvers was the sole editor, the Review has a book publishing division, established in 1999, called New York Review Books, which publishes classics and childrens books. Since 2010, the journal has hosted a blog written by its contributors.
The Review celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2013, and a Martin Scorsese film called The 50 Year Argument documents the history, the New York Review was founded by Robert B. Silvers and Barbara Epstein, together with publisher A. Whitney Ellsworth and writer Elizabeth Hardwick. They were backed and encouraged by Epsteins husband, Jason Epstein, a president at Random House and editor of Vintage Books. In 1959 Hardwick had published an essay, The Decline of Book Reviewing, in Harpers, Jason Epstein knew that book publishers would advertise their books in the new publication, since they had no other outlet for promoting new books. The group turned to the Epsteins friend Silvers, who had been an editor at The Paris Review and was still at Harpers, to edit the publication, and Silvers asked Barbara Epstein to co-edit with him. She was known as the editor at Doubleday of Anne Franks Diary of a Young Girl, among other books and Epstein sent books to the writers we knew and admired most. We asked for three words in three weeks in order to show what a book review should be, and practically everyone came through.
The first issue of the Review was published on February 1,1963 and it prompted nearly 1,000 letters to the editors asking for the Review to continue. The New Yorker called it surely the best first issue of any magazine ever, after the success of the first issue, the editors assembled a second issue to demonstrate that the Review was not a one-shot affair. The founders collected investments from a circle of friends and acquaintances, the Review began regular biweekly publication in November 1963. Silvers said of the philosophy, that there was no subject we couldnt deal with. And if there was no book, we would deal with it anyway and we tried hard to avoid books that were simply competent rehearsals of familiar subjects, and we hoped to find books that would establish something fresh, something original
State University System of Florida
The State University System of Florida is a system of twelve public universities in the U. S. state of Florida. As of 2015, over 341,000 students were enrolled in Floridas state universities, together with the Florida College System, which includes Floridas 28 community colleges and state colleges, it is part of Floridas system of public higher education. The system, headquartered in Tallahassee, is overseen by a Chancellor, the Florida Board of Governors was created in 2003 to centralize the administration of the State University System of Florida. Previously, Floridas State University System had been governed by the Florida Board of Regents, from 1905 to 1965, the few universities in the system were governed by the Florida Board of Control. The Board of Control was replaced by the Florida Board of Regents in 1965, in 2002, Floridians led by U. S. Senator Bob Graham passed an amendment to the Florida Constitution establishing a new governing body. ^A In 1851, the Florida legislature voted to establish two seminaries of learning, West Florida Seminary and East Florida Seminary, in 1905, when the Buckman Act reorganized higher education in Florida, the three resulting state institutions all adopted 1905 as their founding date.
In 1935 the Florida Board of Control changed the dates of UF and Florida State to the years their predecessor Seminaries opened,1853 and 1857. In 2000, Florida State declared 1851 to be its founding date, in 1836, the United States Congress authorized the establishment of the University of Florida. Florida Student Association Florida Department of Education Advisory Council of Faculty Senates List of colleges and universities in Florida Official website
Florida A&M University
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, commonly known as FAMU, is a public, historically black university in Tallahassee, United States. Florida A&M University was founded on the highest of seven hills in Tallahassee and it is one of the largest historically black universities in the United States by enrollment and the only public historically black university in Florida. The university is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, the 2017 edition of the U. S. News & World Report college rankings placed the university #1 among public HBCUs and #7 among all HBCUs. In 2016, FAMU was promoted to the second degree R2, in 2015, the National Science Foundation ranked Florida A&M University as the #1 HBCU in the nation for total research and development expenditures. The introduction of leading to the foundation of the college was due to the initiative of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. The date reflects the new Florida Constitution of 1885, which prohibited racial integration in schools and this same act is responsible for the creation of the University of Florida and Florida State University from their previous institutions.
Florida A&M is the publicly funded historically black college or university in the state of Florida. In 1951, the university started a pharmacy and nursing program, in order to give these students hands on experience, the university built a hospital. Until 1971 this hospital was the one for 150 miles to serve the black community. In 1963, FAMU students demonstrated against segregation in the city, in 1992,1995, and 1997, FAMU successfully recruited more National Achievement Scholars than Harvard. In 2017, FAMU became the first university to launch an African-American news network through its School of Journalism, the network is named the The Black Television News Channel and is accompanied by a multimillion-dollar, media-training center for aspiring journalists. This network is expected to bring $30 million annually in economic stimulus to the Tallahassee region, the university offers 56 bachelors degrees. 29 masters degrees within 11 of the universitys 13 schools and colleges, two professional degrees and 12 doctoral degree programs are offered.
Florida A&M has a program for high-achieving undergraduate students who meet performance criteria. In 2012, FAMU implemented the Medical Scholars Program, MSP is a rigious pre-medical program designed to uniquely prepare academically talented undergraduate students for success in medical school and beyond. There is a cap of 10 freshmen accepted into this competitive four-year program each year, as of 2016, FAMU leads the nation with eight championship titles in the Honda Campus All-Star Challenge. The HCASC is an academic quiz bowl competition sponsored by Honda that is exclusive to the nations HBCUs. Florida A&M University student enrollment population consists primarily of undergraduates, ninety percent of the schools enrolled students are African-American
Florida Gulf Coast University
Florida Gulf Coast University is a public university located in Fort Myers, part of unincorporated Lee County, Florida. The university belongs to the 12-campus State University System of Florida, the school was established by then-governor Lawton Chiles in 1991, although the site of the university was not chosen until 1993, and construction was delayed until 1995. The school first held classes in August 1997, roy McTarnaghan was the universitys founding president. In August 1998, the university completed its first phase of student housing, on May 1,1999, McTarnaghan announced his decision to step down from his position as President of FGCU. Merwin sought to create a traditional four-year university, on campus classes replaced online only classes. In an eight-year period, he raised more than $250 million for the university, new buildings included, Lutgert College of Business, Holmes Hall, Whitaker Hall, a student union, Alico Arena and an expansion of on-campus housing. Student enrollment at FGCU increased from approximately 2,000 students in its first year, in 2007, Wilson G.
Bradshaw became as the universitys third president. Campus facilities continued to expand from 2007 to 2010, new residence halls housing over 1,200 students were built. The fine arts building and student union were expanded, a solar field was built. In addition to construction, the university expanded. Bradshaw explored the possibility of football at FGCU, hiring a firm to explore costs. The consulting firm determined it would cost as much as $144 million, FGCUs 760-acre campus is located in unincorporated in Southwest Florida in Lee County,21 miles from Naples and south of Fort Myers. It is within San Carlos Parks fire district and uses a Fort Myers postal address, the campus is south of Fort Myers and 21 miles from Naples. The site was donated by the Alico corporation and was selected to avoid a conflict between Naples and Fort Myers after a review by the Board of Regents, the 150-acre center of the campus known as the academic core contains the academic research and buildings. There are three separate housing areas on periphery of the campus, North Lake, South Village, North Lake Village overlooks a lake with recreational activities including boating and water skiing.
The Lutgert College of Business building opened in 2008, the Holmes Hall – U. A, Whitaker School of Engineering Building opened in 2009, and in 2008 the Herbert J. Sugden Hall – Resort & Hospitality Management Building opened. Academic Building 7 for the College of Arts and Sciences was completed in 2010, in 2012, Academic Building 8 was completed, now Marieb Hall, it was dedicated to Elaine Nicpon Marieb on March 29,2012. The $24 million,60, 000-square-foot building was designed for the College of Health Professions, other construction projects include expansion of the student union building, an addition to the fine arts building and one of the largest solar panel fields at a university
Florida International University
Florida International University is an American metropolitan public research university in Greater Miami, United States. FIU has two campuses in Miami-Dade County, with its main campus in University Park. Florida International University is classified as a university with highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation. Founded in 1965, FIU is the youngest university to be awarded a Phi Beta Kappa chapter by the Phi Beta Kappa Society, the countrys oldest academic honor society. FIU belongs to the 12-campus State University System of Florida and is one of Floridas primary graduate research universities, awarding over 3,400 graduate, the university offers 191 programs of study with more than 280 majors in 23 colleges and schools. FIU offers many programs, including architecture, business administration, engineering and medicine, offering 81 masters degrees,34 doctoral degrees. FIU is the largest university in South Florida, the 2nd-largest in Florida, total enrollment in 2014-2015 was 54,099 students, including 7,814 graduate students.
According to U. S. News college rankings and reviews, since 2007, more valedictorians from South Florida choose to attend FIU than any other university in the country. As Miamis public research university, competition to enroll at FIU has heightened as more students each year. While his bill did not pass, Graham persisted in presenting his proposal to colleagues and he felt the establishment of a public university was necessary to serve the citys growing population. In 1964, Senate Bill 711 was introduced by Florida Senator Robert M. Haverfield and it instructed the state Board of Education and the Board of Regents, to begin planning for the development of a state university in Miami. The bill was signed into law by then-governor W. Haydon Burns in June 1965, FIUs founding president Charles Chuck Perry was appointed by the Board of Regents in July 1969 after a nationwide search. At 32 years old, the new president was the youngest in the history of the State University System and, at the time, Perry recruited three co-founders, Butler Waugh, Donald McDowell and Nick Sileo.
Alvah Chapman, Jr. former Miami Herald publisher and Knight Ridder chairman, used his civic standing, in the 1980s, Chapman became chair of the FIU Foundation Board of Trustees. The abandoned airports air traffic control tower became FIUs first building and it originally had no telephones, no drinking water, and no furniture. In September 1972,5,667 students entered the new state university, Miami had been the largest city in the country lacking a public baccalaureate-granting institution. Eighty percent of the student body had just graduated from Dade County Junior College, a typical student entering FIU was 25 years old and attending school full-time while holding down a full-time job. Negotiations with the University of Miami and Dade County Junior College led FIU to open as an upper-division only school and it would be 9 years before lower-division classes were added
E. T. York
E. Travis York, Jr. was an American agronomist, university administrator, agricultural extension administrator, and U. S. presidential adviser. York was a native of Alabama, and earned his bachelors, York was born and raised in the Valley Head community in DeKalb County in northeast Alabama, and came of age during the Great Depression. After graduating from school in 1939, York enrolled at Alabama Polytechnic Institute in Auburn, Alabama. After completing his World War II service as a captain in the U. S. Army field artillery, during this time, he met and married Vermelle Vam Cardwell of Evergreen, Alabama, a business administration undergraduate and president of the API Womens Student Government Association. York graduated from API with a master of science degree in agronomy and soils in 1946, much of Yorks career would focus on ways to harness the resources of the U. S. land-grant educational system to alleviate world hunger. In 1956, he left North Carolina State to work as a director for the Potash Institute.
In 1959, York returned to his alma mater to succeed the retiring P. O. Davis as director of the Alabama Cooperative Extension Service in Auburn, York remains the youngest person to serve as Alabama Extension director. York established a practice of replacing vacancies only with professionals with advanced degrees—a policy credited with enhancing the quality of Alabama Extension programming. York is remembered for ending the public perception that the Alabama Extension was hopelessly entangled in local, state. One of his earliest actions as the new Alabama Extension director was to remove the organization from partisan politics, instead of returning to Auburn University as he originally planned, York accepted an offer to be the provost for agriculture at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida. Later, he served as the universitys vice president for agricultural and human resources. During his tenure at Florida, he was credited with implementing far-reaching changes and he established the Center for Tropical Agriculture, which extended IFAS international influence, and initiated DARE, a long-range agricultural planning program.
York founded SHARE, a University of Florida Foundation program that raises funds for agricultural research. Since its inception, SHARE has raised more than $169 million through monetary, upon the resignation of university president Stephen C. OConnell in 1973, York was named president of the University of Florida. After Robert Q. Marston was chosen as his permanent successor in 1974, York was appointed chancellor of the State University System of Florida, York retired from academia in 1980 to devote his full-time efforts to fighting global hunger, primarily by improving the agricultural infrastructure in developing countries. York served as the chairman of the Board of the International Fertilizer Development Center, York authored more than 100 technical papers, journal articles and books, and lectured at more than forty universities in the United States and throughout the world. In 1997, the Museum of Florida History named York as a Great Floridian, although York achieved his greatest academic stature at the University of Florida, he and his wife Vam remained loyal Auburn University alumni
University of North Florida
The University of North Florida is a public university in Jacksonville, Florida. Its campus comprises 1,300 acres surrounded by a natural preserve on Jacksonvilles Southside, the current president is former Jacksonville mayor John Delaney. UNF opened in 1972, with Thomas G. Carpenter serving as its first president, initially designated an upper division college for juniors and seniors, it began admitting freshmen in 1984. UNF is organized into five colleges which offer 53 undergraduate degree programs and 28 graduate degree programs, with noted business, coastal biology, nutrition, most students reside off campus, though there are six areas of on-campus housing. In 2006, the Social Sciences building became the first facility to be LEED-certified in northeast Florida, as of 2010, there are five buildings on campus that have been certified by the U. S. Green Building Council. UNF has 220 clubs and organizations for students as well as an active Student Government, the student-run newspaper The Spinnaker is published monthly.
Its intercollegiate athletics teams are known as the Ospreys, and are members of the Atlantic Sun Conference in NCAA Division I. Beginning in 2007, The Princeton Review has named UNF one of the best colleges in the Southeast for four consecutive years, until this time, the only publicly funded institution of higher learning was Florida Community College at Jacksonville. Construction on classrooms and buildings began in 1971 and UNF opened in the fall of 1972 with an enrollment of 2,027 juniors, supported by 117 faculty. Originally, like the other Florida state institutions opened around this time, UNF was designated as a college, meaning that it would enroll only upperclassmen. UNF graduated 35 students in 1973, the school was quick to expand and it was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools in 1974. The schools mascot, the osprey, was adopted in November 1979 over other choices such as the armadillo, the manatee, the male and female versions of the mascot are known as Ozzie and Harriet.
In 1980, there was an effort to merge UNF with the University of Florida. Freshmen and sophomores were admitted for the first time in 1984, enrollment at UNF exceeded 10,000 in 1995, and in the spring of 2000 it broke its commencement record, graduating over 1,000 students. In 2002, a 13-member Board of Trustees began work to oversee UNF, former mayor of Jacksonville John Delaney was appointed President of the university in 2003. UNF was officially reclassified as an NCAA Division I school for its athletics programs in 2009, UNF has 28 major buildings and six housing facilities on campus. Many of the bear the names of individuals who have made significant contributions to the university. These buildings include the Coggin College of Business, the John E. Mathews and Information Sciences Building, and J. J. Daniel Hall
University of Central Florida
The University of Central Florida, or UCF, is an American metropolitan public research university in Orlando, Florida. It is the largest university in the United States by undergraduate enrollment, as the academic scope expanded beyond its original focus on engineering and technology, Florida Tech was renamed The University of Central Florida in 1978. UCFs space roots continue as the university leads the NASA Florida Space Grant Consortium. While initial enrollment was only 1,948 students, enrollment today amounts to some 60,821 students from 140 countries and all 50 states and Washington, D. C. The majority of the student population is located on the main campus just 13 miles east-northeast of downtown Orlando. The university offers over 200 degrees through thirteen colleges and twelve satellite campuses in Central Florida, since its founding, UCF has awarded more than 290,000 degrees, including 55,000 graduate and professional degrees, to over 250,000 alumni worldwide. Its official colors are black and gold, and the university logo is a Pegasus, the universitys intercollegiate sports teams, commonly known as the UCF Knights and represented by mascot Knightro, compete in NCAA Division I and the American Athletic Conference.
Prominent residents and local leaders began lobbying the Florida State Legislature to increase access to education on the Space Coast. The university was founded as a non-segregated and coeducational university, with the mission of educating students for promising space-age careers in engineering and other technological professions. On January 24,1964, the Board of Regents purchased 1,000 acres of remote forest, local residents donated another 227 acres, and raised more than $1 million in funds to secure the land acquisition. In December 1965, the Board of Regents appointed Charles Millican the first president of the new university, Millican with the consultation of a citizen advisory group, chose the name Florida Technological University, as well as co-designed the schools distinctive Pegasus seal. Millican is responsible for the universitys slogan – Reach for the Stars –, Millican was responsible for the universitys unique pedestrian oriented concentric circle campus layout, which was based on plans by Walt Disney and has become a model for other universities.
Millican and then-Governor Claude Kirk presided over FTUs groundbreaking in March 1967, eighteen months after the groundbreaking, the inaugural classes were held in the schools first academic building, the library on October 7,1968. 1,948 students were enrolled in degree programs within five colleges, and were led by 90 instructors. FTU graduated its first class of 423 seniors on June 14,1970, with astronaut, Millican was responsible for selecting the official colors of the university, and had a role in selecting its first mascot, the Citronaut, a mix between an orange and an astronaut. The Citronaut temporarily proved unpopular, so in 1969 the student newspaper–The Central Florida Future–encouraged mascot suggestions from students, the search for a replacement proved unsuccessful until 1970, when Judy Hines, a night nurse, proposed Vincent the Vulture. He served as the unofficial mascot for more than a year. In late 1971, students voted and selected the Knight of Pegasus as the official athletic mascot