Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people; the largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000. Safety is a primary concern in determining the seating capacity of a venue: "Seating capacity, seating layouts and densities are dictated by legal requirements for the safe evacuation of the occupants in the event of fire"; the International Building Code specifies, "In places of assembly, the seats shall be securely fastened to the floor" but provides exceptions if the total number of seats is fewer than 100, if there is a substantial amount of space available between seats or if the seats are at tables.
It delineates the number of available exits for interior balconies and galleries based on the seating capacity, sets forth the number of required wheelchair spaces in a table derived from the seating capacity of the space. The International Fire Code, portions of which have been adopted by many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility than the construction, it specifies, "For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms, the occupant load shall not be less than the number of seats based on one person for each 18 inches of seating length". It requires that every public venue submit a detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including "details of the means of egress, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating...."Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of seating capacity turn on the total size of the venue, its purpose. For sports venues, the "decision on maximum seating capacity is determined by several factors. Chief among these are the primary sports program and the size of the market area".
In motion picture venues, the "limit of seating capacity is determined by the maximal viewing distance for a given size of screen", with image quality for closer viewers declining as the screen is expanded to accommodate more distant viewers. Seating capacity of venues plays a role in what media they are able to provide and how they are able to provide it. In contracting to permit performers to use a theatre or other performing space, the "seating capacity of the performance facility must be disclosed". Seating capacity may influence the kind of contract to be the royalties to be given; the seating capacity must be disclosed to the copyright owner in seeking a license for the copyrighted work to be performed in that venue. Venues that may be leased for private functions such as ballrooms and auditoriums advertise their seating capacity. Seating capacity is an important consideration in the construction and use of sports venues such as stadiums and arenas; when entities such as the National Football League's Super Bowl Committee decide on a venue for a particular event, seating capacity, which reflects the possible number of tickets that can be sold for the event, is an important consideration.
The seating capacity for restaurants is reported as'covers'. Seating capacity differs from total capacity, which describes the total number of people who can fit in a venue or in a vehicle either sitting or standing. Where seating capacity is a legal requirement, however, as it is in movie theatres and on aircraft, the law reflects the fact that the number of people allowed in should not exceed the number who can be seated. Use of the term "public capacity" indicates that a venue is allowed to hold more people than it can seat. Again, the maximum total number of people can refer to either the physical space available or limitations set by law. All-seater stadium List of stadiums by capacity List of football stadiums by capacity List of American football stadiums by capacity List of rugby league stadiums by capacity List of rugby union stadiums by capacity List of tennis stadiums by capacity Seating assignment
Populous is a global architectural and design practice specializing in sports facilities and convention centers, as well as the planning and design of major special events. Populous was created through a management buyout in January 2009, becoming independently owned and operated, it is reported to be one of the largest architecture firms in the world. Populous operated as HOK Sport Venue Event, part of the HOK Group. In 1983, HOK under Jerry Sincoff created a sports group; the firm consisted of eight architects in Kansas City, grew to employ 185 people by 1996. On several projects, HOK Sport had teamed with international design practice LOBB Partnership, which maintained offices in London and Brisbane, Australia. On HOK Sport's 15th anniversary in November 1998, the firm merged with LOBB; the new practice retained headquarters in all three cities. The Kansas City, office was first based in the city's Garment District in the Lucas Place office building. In 2005, it moved into its headquarters at 300 Wyandotte in the River Market neighborhood in a new building it designed, on land developed as an urban renewal project through tax incentives from the city's Planned Industrial Expansion Authority.
It was the first major company to relocate to the neighborhood in several decades. In March 2009, HOK Sport Venue Event changed its name to Populous after a managers’ buyout by HOK Group. In October 2015, Populous relocated to its new Americas headquarters at the newly renovated Board of Trade building at 4800 Main street near the Country Club Plaza in Kansas City; the company is one of several Kansas City-based sports design firms that trace their roots to Kivett and Myers which designed the Truman Sports Complex, one of the first modern large single purpose sports stadiums. Other firms with sports design presence in Kansas City that trace their roots to Kivett include Ellerbe Becket Inc. and HNTB Corp.. 360 Architecture is based in Kansas City. Populous is credited for spearheading a new era of baseball park design in the 1990s, beginning with Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. At Camden Yards, in other stadiums built by Populous soon thereafter, such as Coors Field in Denver and Progressive Field in Cleveland, the ballpark was designed to incorporate aesthetic elements of the city's history and older "classic ballparks."
Camden Yards's red brick facade emulates the massive B&O Warehouse that dominates the right field view behind Eutaw Street, whereas Progressive Field's glass and steel exterior "call to mind the drawbridges and train trestles that crisscross the nearby Cuyahoga River." Starting with Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati in 2003, a number of Populous Sport's stadiums featured more contemporary and futuristic designs. Subsequent stadium exteriors featuring this motif opened in Minnesota. In addition to moving away from the concrete exteriors of the "cookie-cutter" multi-purpose stadiums that preceded the new parks, Populous incorporated other innovative touches: natural grass playing surfaces, asymmetrical field dimensions, various park-specific idiosyncrasies, less foul territory that would keep fans farther from the diamond, and because the stadiums were designed for baseball instead of several sports, the sightlines were "uniformly excellent."Camden Yards was hugely popular with baseball fans, its success convinced many cities to invest public funds in their own new ballparks to help revitalize struggling urban neighborhoods.
From 1992 to 2012, HOK Sport/Populous were the lead architects on 14 Major League Baseball stadiums and helped renovate four existing stadiums. Populous's designs across Major League Baseball have become so prevalent that some critics have asserted that the distinctiveness, found in early "retro" ballparks is impossible to maintain: "There are nearly 20 around the league, their heterogeneity has come to seem altogether homogenous." Whereas "classic" ballparks like Fenway Park were given strange dimensions because of the limitations provided by the plots of land on which the parks were built, new stadiums do not feature such restrictions. One sportswriter said the attempt to emulate the old parks in this way is "contrived."In addition, a number of commentators have criticized what they see as a tendency to cater new ballparks toward wealthier ticket buyers, such as with expanded use of luxury suites instead of cheaper, conventional seating. Several writers have noted that upper deck seating at new ballparks may be farther away from the field than in the older parks as a result of these new upper decks being pushed higher by rows of luxury suites.
One writer in The New Yorker said it is "not quite right to credit or blame Populous" for trends in their new stadiums—as it is team owners that plan what they want in future stadiums—but they "certainly enabled" such changes. In early 2018 Populous, together with Madison Square Garden Company, announced plans to construct two grandiose entertainment arenas: Sphere Las Vegas and Sphere London. According to plans, both vast venues will be futuristically designed and equipped with advanced acoustic and visual technologies. While some, including Mayor of London Sadiq Khan, support the development of the London Venue, others are concerned about the feasibility of the plans. Chris Kyriakakis, audio signal processing professor at the Los Angeles USC Viterbi School of Engineering, foresees serious acoustic problems due to the venue's spherical shape. Additional criticism has come from the property industry where claims have been made that
The Buffalo Bulls are the intercollegiate athletic teams that represent the University at Buffalo in Buffalo, New York. The Bulls compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division I level as a member of Mid-American Conference East Division. Buffalo sponsors teams in nine women's NCAA sanctioned sports; the football team competes in the highest level for college football. The mascot of UB athletic teams is Victor E. Bull. In 2001, Victoria S. Bull has not been observed for several years; the Buffalo Bulls men's basketball team has been a member of Division I since the mid-1990s after dropping to the Division III level for the 1977–1978 season. In their 2004–2005 campaign, led by senior guard Turner Battle, the Bulls went on a run to the Mid-American Conference Championship game, beating Western Michigan in the semi-finals at Gund Arena in Cleveland. In the MAC final, despite leading by 17 at the half, the Bulls lost in overtime to Ohio University on a tip-in by Leon Williams with 0.5 seconds remaining.
The Bulls failed to clinch the automatic bid to the 2005 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, were not chosen by the selection committee on Selection Sunday. They went to the National Invitation Tournament. During that season, the Bulls were led by Coach Reggie Witherspoon, ended the season with a school record of 23 wins. In 2008, the men's basketball team that included Greg Gamble, Andy Robinson, Rondey Pierce, Calvin Betts, Mitchell Watt, Titus Robinson, John Boyer, Byron Mulkey, Brain Addison, Max Boudreau, Jawann Alston, Sean Smiley, Dave Barnett, Adekambi Laleye, Vadim Fedotov went into the MAC Championship game, but lost to Akron; the Bulls head coach in his first year is Bobby Hurley, replacing Reggie Witherspoon. Under coach Bobby Hurley, the Bulls men's basketball team clinched its first conference championship and thus its first trip to the Division I tournament in the school's history in 2015. In 2016 under coach Nate Oats, the Bulls men's basketball team won the MAC championship game again, making their second trip in a row to the NCAA Tournament.
In 2017 the program once again made the NCAA Tournament and upset no. 4 seed Arizona in the First Round, advancing to the Second Round for the first time in school history. In 2018 the Buffalo men's basketball program ranked in the AP Top-25 for first time ever. Sam Pellom played in the NBA with the Atlanta Hawks and Milwaukee Bucks, he played for the Washington Generals in a game against the Harlem Globetrotters before making it to the NBA. During UB's hosting of the MAC championships in 2012, Zach Ahart took ninth place, being the men's top finisher in a field of 12 teams. In that event, UB's men's team placed fifth, overall. At the 2013 Princeton Invitational, the men placed 13th in a field of 25 schools. Ahart captured top honors in that meet, placing 12th by securing a time of 24:13. Cameron Bruce ran the race in a time of 24:44. Additional UB runners participated in the event; the Buffalo Bulls football team is a new member of the Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, having joined in 1998.
Despite its brief history, disappointing recent performances in the Football Bowl Subdivision, the Bulls football program has a rich tradition, to which it has returned. In 2003, the Bulls were 6-39 since going to Division I-A. At that time, they were ranked 117, were coached by Jim Hofher; the Bulls averaged just under 11,250 fans per game in 2003. On September 9, 2007, the Bulls broke a four-game losing streak by defeating Temple University with a score of 42-7; the Bulls accumulated 414 offensive yards in the game. Sophomore tailback Mario Henry, the Bull's defense, were credited in the MAC win. In 2008, the Buffalo Bulls routed the ranked and unbeaten Ball State Cardinals 42-24, capturing their first Mid-American Conference Championship. In that game, two fumbles were returned for touchdowns; the final game of the 2008–2009 campaign was against the University of Connecticut in the 2009 International Bowl on January 3, 2009 at the Rogers Centre in Toronto, Ontario. In that game, the Bulls lost with a score of 38-20.
Jamey Richard, a 2008 UB graduate, plays in the National Football League, was selected by the Indianapolis Colts in the 7th round, with the 236 pick of the 2008 NFL Draft. Trevor Scott, 2008 graduate of the University of Buffalo, plays in the NFL, was selected by the Oakland Raiders. Quarterback Drew Willy, a 2009 graduate of the University of Buffalo signed with the Baltimore Ravens, the practice squad of the Indianapolis Colts, he was on the active roster for the Colts for one game, was with the team for Super Bowl XLIV. He is on the roster of the Saskatchewan Roughriders. James Starks now plays with the Green Bay Packers. Naaman Roosevelt played for the Buffalo Bills. Former Bulls starting quarterback Randall Secky, class of 2004 briefly played professional football as the starting quarterback for the indoor Erie Freeze in 2007. In 2014, outside linebacker Khalil Mack was drafted by the Oakland Raiders fifth overall in the 2014 NFL Draft making him the highest selected Bulls player ever; the highest selected player was Gerry Philbin in 1964.
Mack holds the all-time NCAA record for forced fumbles and is tied for career tackles for loss in the NCAA. Leading up to the draft, Mack was projected as a high first round pick in many mock drafts. In 2015, Mack became the first first-team All-Pro in NFL history to be elected in two differen
University at Buffalo
The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States. It is referred to as the University at Buffalo or SUNY Buffalo and was known as the University of Buffalo, it is the de facto flagship campus of the State University of New York system, with the largest enrollment, largest endowment and research funding as a comprehensive university center in the SUNY system. The university was founded in 1846 as a private medical college, but in 1962 merged with the SUNY system; as of Fall 2018, the university enrolls 31,508 students in 13 colleges, making it the largest public university in New York. In addition to the College of Arts and Sciences, the university houses the largest state-operated medical school, dental school, education school, business school, engineering school, pharmacy school, features the only state law school and urban planning school in the state of New York; the university offers over 100 bachelor's, 205 master's, 84 doctoral, 10 professional areas of study.
According to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, the University at Buffalo is a Doctoral University with the Highest Research Activity. In 1989, UB was elected to the Association of American Universities. UB's alumni and faculty have included a prime minister, Nobel laureates, Pulitzer Prize winners, three billionaires, Academy Award winners, Emmy Award winners, Fulbright Scholars, Rhodes Scholars. U. S. President Millard Fillmore was one of the school's principal founders and served as the school's first chancellor. In the Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education 2017 inaugural ranking, UB was ranked as the No. 1 public university in New York and No. 28 in the United States. Buffalo has placed in the top cluster of U. S. public research universities and among the overall top 30 research universities according to the Center for Measuring University Performance and was ranked as the 38th best value for in-state students and the 27th best value for out-of-state students in the 2012 Kiplinger rankings of best value of national universities.
U. S. News and World Report's 2019 edition of America's Best Colleges ranked UB 89th on their list of best national universities and 38th among public universities. City leaders of Buffalo sought to establish a university in the city from the earliest days of Buffalo. A "University of Western New York" was begun at Buffalo under the auspices of the Presbyterian Church and property was purchased at North Street and College, on the north side of the Allentown district; this university was chartered by the state on April 8, 1836. However, the project collapsed and no classes were offered, only the layout of College Street remains; the University of Buffalo was founded on May 11, 1846, as a private medical school to train the doctors for the communities of Buffalo, Niagara Falls, surrounding villages. Future U. S. President Millard Fillmore a lawyer who had served in the United States House of Representatives, was one of the principal founders. James Platt White was instrumental in obtaining a charter for the university from the state legislature in 1846.
He taught the first class of 89 men in obstetrics. State Assemblyman Nathan K. Hall was "particularly active in procuring the charter"; the doors first opened to students in 1847 and after associating with a hospital for teaching purposes, the first class of students graduated the medical school in July 1847. Fillmore served as the school's first chancellor, a position he held until 1874 as he served in other capacities during that time, including Comptroller of New York, U. S. Vice President, President. Fillmore's name now graces the continuing education school Millard Fillmore College on the South campus as well as the Millard Fillmore Academic Center, an academic and administrative services building at the core of the residential Joseph Ellicott Complex, on the North Campus; the university did not have its own facilities, early lectures were given at an old post office on Seneca and Washington streets in Buffalo. The first building specially built for the university was a stone structure at the corner of Main and Virginia streets, built in 1849–50, through donations, public subscription, a state grant.
There were continuous expansions to the college medical programs, including a separate pharmacy division, now The School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. In 1887, a law school was organized in Buffalo, which became associated with Niagara University just to the north of Buffalo. After four years, in 1891, the law school was acquired by the University of Buffalo as the University of Buffalo Law School, which had a downtown Buffalo facility. In the first few years of the 20th century, the University began planning for a comprehensive undergraduate college to complete the basic structure of a university, in 1909 the University acquired the Erie County Almshouse grounds from the county of Erie, which became the University of Buffalo's initial campus; the establishment may have been influenced by the 1910 Flexner Report which criticized the preparation of the medical students at the university. With that additional space, in 1915, the University of Buffalo formed the College of Arts and Sciences, creating an undergraduate division in addition to its prior educational work in the licensed professional fields.
In 1916, Grace Millard Knox pledged $500,000 for the establishment of a "department of liberal arts and sciences in the University of Buffalo", at the time still a private institution. The initial gift of $100,000 was for the purchase of what would become Townsend Hall and the remainder was to
Thunder of the East Marching Band
The Thunder of the East is the marching band of the University at Buffalo in the State University of New York system. UB's first marching band was created in 1920, disbanded in 1927, it was revived in 1946, increasing in size and reputation until about 1970. It was known as "The Pride of the East." At that time, it was dissolved upon UB's departure from Division I athletics. In 1981, some UB students continued the tradition of playing music at UB's home football and basketball games by forming UB's Pep Band. In anticipation of UB's return to Division I athletics, a marching band was formed in 1999 and named, "Thunder of the East." The band debuted at the University at Buffalo Stadium on September 11, 1999. The Thunder of the East is led by James E. Mauck; the first marching band at the University at Buffalo was formed in 1920 by 15 students. At that time, performances were limited to a few concerts, marching during the school's football games; the band dissolved in 1927, but many attempts were made to revive it.
The band was re-formed in 1946 by Gerald Marx. A saxophone player, Marx brought together around 50 players to play and march at university football and basketball games, they played concerts around the area, including one in Kleinhans Music Hall, home of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1952, The Air Force ROTC Band took over the marching duties on campus, leaving the university band only non-marching duties. In 1956, the newly formed music department at the university took over the marching band after the ROTC band failed to meet expectations during its existence, upon the insistence of UB's president, Clifford C. Furnas. Robert Mols, PhD, led this new band, writing the current fight song, "Victory,", heard at football games and basketball games today. Mols wanted the band to be comparable to Ivy League marching bands, creating uniforms that resembled uniforms of the Ivy Leaguers of the day; the band opened to much success and fanfare thanks to the efforts of Mols and the band's many weeks of practice before their premiere.
In 1959, Buffalo Philharmonic member Lowell Shaw took over leading the marching band. In 1961, the band again changed leaders with Frank J. Cipolla at the helm; the University purchased a new version of the Alma Mater was written. It was at this time that the band acquired its first nickname, "Pride of the East." In 1968, the band had the distinction of being the first group on campus to move to the new North Campus to what is now Bissell Hall. In 1969, the band marched in Richard Nixon's inauguration parade. Between 1961 and the early 1970s, the band grew from only 50 members to over 300 members; the university joined the SUNY system in 1962 leading to the elimination of the football team and with it the need for a marching band. In 1981, a small group of students created a pep band for the Division III football team. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the band grew to become a Student Association group, so beginning the University at Buffalo Blue Noise Pep Band. During this time, there was talk of restarting the marching band, however it never developed.
In 1999, football returned to Division I. With this, the university decided. Mark Flynn was made the director, with the efforts of Kappa Kappa Psi, many local high schools, Student Affairs, the Thunder of the East made its debut on September 11, 1999. In 2000, the band began its second season with new uniforms and new words to Victory March written by Mols, the original composer. It's believed. In the fall of 2001, the band made its first road trip in nearly 30 years to West Point to cheer on the Buffalo Bulls at Army's Michie Stadium; the Thunder of the East is a Drum Corps style band that incorporates traditional marching band instrumentation. Instruments included are: The Thunder of the East has a Visual section to add artistic style to their performances, including: Color Guard Featured Twirlers UB Dazzlers Dance Team Several practices are held per week during the fall semester. Students in the band may take MUS 130, an optional two-credit course. Rehearsals may be held at Kunz Field, the former football stadium, UB Stadium or indoors at Baird hall, home of the university's music department.
Marching band is associated with UB's Student Life, together with the Pep Band, comprises the Athletic Bands. The band is not part of the Music Department at the university. However, all students in the band are given the option of taking a 2-credit course. Members of the Thunder of the East arrive one week prior to the start of UB's fall semester. Students are able to move into their assigned dorms prior to camp, allowing them to avoid the rush and chaos of university-wide move in day. During the week of Fun in the Sun, members are taught the marching style of the Thunder of the East, fitted for uniforms, begin to learn that season's music and field show. During the time members of the drumline and Dazzlers Dance Team audition for their spots. James E. Mauck has been the director for the Thunder of the East since 2002, he received his undergraduate and master's degrees in music performance at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, is working towards a PhD in Music Education. He is the head of the Department of Athletic Bands at the University at Buffalo.
This includes the Thunder of the Blue Noise Pep Band. The band acquires help from several additional instructors; the drum majors for the Thunder of the East are the on-field commanders of the band, responsible for instructing proper marching technique and rehearsal etiquett
Alumni Arena (University at Buffalo)
Alumni Arena is a multi-purpose arena in Amherst, New York. The arena is home to the State University of New York at Buffalo men's and women's basketball teams, the women's volleyball team, wrestling team; the facility has a capacity of 6,783 people for basketball games. "The Recreation and Athletics Complex on the University's North Campus includes Alumni Arena, a $12.5 million Phase II Building and a $1.5 million outdoor playing fields complex.""Alumni Arena's main gymnasium is home to the Bulls men's and women's basketball teams, wrestling team and the women's volleyball team." "The largest "free-floating" hardwood floor in the United States at the time it was built, it features basketball and badminton courts circled by a 200-meter track and a capacity of 6,783 spectators following renovations during the summer of 2004."The arena used to seat more than 8,000 people, but a renovation project funded by the Blue & White club reduced the seating to 6,783 by eliminating bleachers and adding chairbacks.
The student section was relocated with the renovations. Before the renovations, the students used to sit behind the scorer's table, from baseline to baseline, except behind the players' benches. Syracuse's Carrier Dome is the only on-campus college basketball facility in the state, larger; the volleyball court was constructed for the World University Games in 1993."The building includes three levels of offices, locker rooms and training-therapy rooms, seminar rooms, racquetball courts." "The Phase II Building on the north side of Alumni Arena has an Olympic-sized swimming pool and a separate diving well, a triple gymnasium, dance studio." "Other areas are a wrestling practice room, two weight-training rooms, additional racquetball and squash courts, an erg room, an aerobics room."Behind Alumni Arena, a playing fields complex provides lighted outdoor space for several sports, including soccer, field hockey, tennis, basketball and archery. In 2011, the lighting and sound systems in the arena were upgraded to state-of-the-art quality.
A new video and scoring system was installed. On February 3, 2012, the Harlem Globetrotters played on the Bulls court. On August 22, 2013, President Barack Obama spoke to a sold-out crowd at Alumni Arena about the rising costs of college tuition. University at Buffalo Stadium Amherst Audubon Field List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Alumni Arena - Buffalo Athletics
William R. "Bill" Greiner was President of the University at Buffalo in the State University of New York system from 1991 to 2004, where he worked for 42 years. Prior to becoming President, Greiner served in other capacities in the University at Buffalo Law School, in UB's administration, he was educated at both Yale University and Wesleyan University, earning degrees in economics and law, including a doctorate in law from Yale. Under Greiner's leadership, educational, sports and student living complexes were constructed. Greiner co-wrote two books, he retired from UB in 2009, died shortly thereafter due to heart surgery complications. William Robert Greiner was born on June 1934 in Meriden, Connecticut. An individual of Irish and German heritages, Greiner was raised in Meriden as an only child. Greiner met Carol Morrissey. Greiner was awarded scholarships to both Wesleyan Yale University. Greiner earned his baccalaureate degree in economics from Wesleyan University. At Yale, Greiner earned a master's in economics, master's in law, doctorate in law.
Before entering law school, Greiner married Carol Morrisey. They had four children - Kevin, Terrence and Daniel - within five years. Prior to taking a position as a UB Law School faculty member in 1967, Bill was a School of Business faculty member at the University of Washington in Seattle. Greiner began his career at UB in 1967 as a member of the University at Buffalo Law School, serving as Chair of the Legal Studies Department, he served as Associate Provost and Associate Dean of the Law School. From 1980 to 1983, Greiner was Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs. Greiner became UB's first Provost in 1984 prior to serving as Interim President between from 1991 to 1992. Among the classes Greiner taught at UB were Honors seminars, including Law and the Legal Process and Introduction to Law. Greiner taught other classes in the UB Law School, including Tax Law and Property Law. There are highlights of Greiner's career at UB. Educational and research buildings and complexes were constructed during his leadership.
Greiner provided the impetus for the creation of the biomedical education and research buildings, mathematics building, natural sciences complex, School of Management additions, others. During Greiner's tenure, the Student Union and The Commons were built; the UB Center for the Arts was constructed, including the transfer to UB of the Anderson Gallery. The University at Buffalo Stadium was constructed. Established were the Office of Public Service and Urban Affairs and the School of Public Health and Health Professions. A UB admissions office was established in New York City. While Greiner was President, a fundraising campaign was conducted, the largest in UB's and SUNY's histories; the Campaign for UB: Generation to Generation, raised $291,600,000 for UB. By locating a unused state law saying that alumni associations can utilize private monies for dormitories, Greiner's research led to the construction of five apartment-style buildings for 2,100 UB students, he was the leader in policy change for SUNY campuses in managing their own tuition monies.
Greiner secured NCAA Division I-A status for the Buffalo Bulls. UB Athletics Director Warde Manuel has stated that Bill is known as "the Father of UB Division I-A athletics." Greiner and his wife, hosted welcomes and send-offs for UB Honors students, including freshman entering UB, at their LeBrun Road home in Amherst, New York. The UB Honors Program was tripled under Greiner's leadership, with an increase in the number and amount of scholarships provided to Honors students, including for those studying abroad by $60,000. Educational partnerships that Greiner established for UB were with other universities in Poland and Cuba. In 1990, a formal exchange agreement was created between UB and the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, although both universities had a long-standing partnership prior to that time. In 1993 and during Greiner's tenure, the two universities expanded their agreement to include additional joint programs for students and staff. While Greiner served as UB Provost, his actions aided the development of a relationship between UB and the Jagiellonian University.
In November 2002, Greiner led a delegation to Turkey, signed an agreement with Istanbul Technical University for student and faculty exchanges. Greiner further developed international education ties with Cuba in 1999 regarding UB's program in Havana with Fernando Remirez de Estenoz, Cuban envoy to the United States. Under Greiner's leadership, UB became the first university in the United States to establish a partnership with China, with a university center in Beijing. Under Greiner's tenure, there were concerns and controversy regarding several issues. In 1993, UB's basketball team was placed on probation by the NCAA for rules violations from 1989. By 1997, two of the team's coaches had been identified as having illegally watched and attended scrimmage games. Greiner was unaware of these actions, placing responsibility for them on UB's athletic director, Nelson Townshend. Resulting from this in 2001 was that UB's annual recruitment visits were decreased by two throughout the next two years, after UB had voluntarily reduced annual recruitment visits by two.
So, annual recruitment visits were decreased, from 12 to 8, a reduction that UB's administration believed to be unnecessarily harsh and planned t