Pierre Mendès-France University
Pierre Mendès-France University was a French university, based in Grenoble, focused on social sciences. It was named after the late French politician Pierre Mendès-France, it is now part of the Université Grenoble Alpes. Its campus was located in Grenoble, with some facilities outside the city, in particular in Valence, it was established in 1339 as part of University of Grenoble. In 1970 following a fate of many big French universities, University of Grenoble was separated into three specialized institutions – Pierre Mendès-France University, Joseph Fourier University, Stendhal University. Starting 2013 there has been some movement towards reconciliation. Pierre Mendès-France University, two of its counterparts, several other institutions reunited in the beginning of 2016 to restore the original university under the name of the Université Grenoble Alpes, now alma mater for over 45 000 students. List of public universities in France by academy
Panthéon-Assas University referred to as Assas, Paris II, or Sorbonne-Assas, is a public university in Paris, France. Panthéon-Assas is renowned for excellence in law and described as the top law school in France, it is considered as the direct inheritor of the Paris Law School since most of the latter’s law professors went to Panthéon-Assas and its main campuses are the same ones of those of the Paris Law Faculty, from which its name comes. It provides law courses for the Sorbonne University and may become its faculty of law. Since its founding in 1971, it has produced two presidents, four prime ministers, the holders of thirty-seven other ministerships in France and around the world. Forty alumni of the university have been members of various parliaments as well; the majority of the nineteen campuses of Panthéon-Assas are located in the Latin Quarter, with the main campuses on place du Panthéon and rue d'Assas. The university is composed of five departments specializing in law and media, economics and private management, political science and hosts twenty-four research centres and five specialized doctoral schools.
Every year, the university enrolls 18,000 students, including 3,000 international students. When the University of Paris, founded in the middle of the 12th century, which ceased to exist on 31 December 1970, following the student protests of 1969, the Faculty of Law and Economics of Paris professors had to choose the future of the university. Most of the law professors of the faculty of law and economics wished only to restructure their faculty into a new university. In pursuit of this, they founded with one professors of economics founded the "University of law and social sciences of Paris" or "Paris II". Hence, it is considered as its direct inheritors; some law professors went to other universities inherited from the Sorbonne. The official name of the university was changed to "Panthéon-Assas" in 1990; the name Panthéon Assas is a reference to the main addresses of the pre-1968 faculty of law of Paris, which are now part of the university. The university is referred to as "Assas" or "Paris II" and "Sorbonne Law School".
Panthéon-Assas is providing law courses for the Sorbonne University and may become its faculty of law. The university has one in the city of Melun; the administration offices and postgraduate studies are located in the structure designed by Jacques-Germain Soufflot and built in the late eighteenth century for the faculty of law of the University of Paris, on the plaza that rings the Pantheon. It is registered among the national heritage sites of France; the largest campus of Panthéon-Assas is located on rue d'Assas and receives second-year to four-year law students. It was designed by Charles Lemaresquier, Alain le Normand and François Carpentier to accommodate the growing number of students at the University of Paris, it was built between 1963 on the former grounds of Société Marinoni. At the time of its inauguration, its main lecture theatre was the vastest in France, with 1,700 seats; the scene at the Cairo airport from OSS 117: Cairo, Nest of Spies was filmed in its entrance hall. The campus on rue de Vaugirard gathers first-year students.
It is located in the chapel wing of the defunct Jesuit College of the Immaculate Conception, where Charles de Gaulle had been a pupil. The structure is a national heritage site as well; the campus on rue Charcot receives master students of economics. South-east of Paris, the campus in Melun, which opened in 1987, gathers over a thousand first-cycle students who do not reside in Paris; the campus in Melun hosts local first-year students. It is located on Saint-Étienne Island, among Roman and Gothic remains; the Institute of Law and Economics of Pantheon-Assas University is located there. Assas building, going under renovation during the last ten years, has been redesigned and now hosts a modern learning center; the campus in Melun has an extension under work. The university houses five academic departments: one for private law and criminal sciences, one for public law and political science, one for Roman law and legal history, one for economics and management, one for journalism and communication.
In all, Panthéon-Assas comprises about two dozens of research centres, including the Institute of Higher International Studies, the Paris Institute of Comparative Law, the Paris Institute of Criminology. In July 2012, Panthéon-Assas became the first university in France to open preparatory classes for the bar school entrance examination, which were until this point the monopole of private preparatory schools. In 2013, the university set up a distance learning degree in law. Panthéon-Assas is governed by an administration council, a scientific council, a council for studies and university life. Members of these boards serve two year te
Jean Moulin University Lyon 3
The Jean Moulin University Lyon 3 known as Lyon 3, is a multidisciplinary public university in Lyon, based in Law and social sciences. It is under the purview of the Academy of Lyon. A total of 29,000 students study there for posgraduate degrees, it has three campuses in Lyon. The university is a member of the University of Lyon, the Coimbra Group and the European University Association. University Lyon 3 was established in the early 1970s, a division of teachers following the events of May 68 that rocked the academic world. There are departments of geography-planning, the engineer of the countryside in Annecy and history, a faculty of philosophy with more than 90 doctoral students. All three public universities in Lyon are derivative of the former University of Lyon established in 1896; the university has expanded its international relations and has relations with universities in various countries. Because of past extreme-right tendencies of some of its staff, the university was accused in the 1980s and 1990s of complacency with regard anti-Semitic and racist elements.
The Report on racism and Holocaust denial at the University Jean Moulin-Lyon 3, prepared under the direction of Henry Rousso at the request of the Minister of Education and released in October 2004, showed that the number of teachers involved was limited. The university is located on three different campuses: the first one, called "Les Quais", is by the Rhône, the second, called "Manufacture des Tabacs" in the SE part of Lyon, the last one in Bourg-en-Bresse. Faculty of Law Faculty of Philosophy School of Business administration Faculty of Arts Faculty of Languages The Lyon Law School, was created by decree issued on 29 October 1875, by Marshal Mac Mahon, was inaugurated by French President Felix Faure on 1 May 1896; the Faculty of Law of Lyon celebrates 130 years, largest centre for law students from the city of Lyon, it has all the legal training of the first year Degree tray until 8. The Lyon Law school enjoys a international reputation of distinction. In the latest edition of the Gourman Report, it was ranked 1st among France's provincial universities, 5th among European universities, behind Paris, Oxford and Heidelberg.
The Law School has always been in touch with foreign legal systems. Before the First World War, the Lyon Law School founded the Law school of Beirut, in Lebanon; these two cities and Beirut, were both on one of Silk Roads, which started in China and ended in Lyon. The Institute of Comparative Law was created by Édouard Lambert in 1920, now bears his name. Just before he passed away, this great comparative law specialist wrote the Egyptian Civil Code, still in effect today and has hardly been amended. Cambodia was the scene of the development of the Lyon Law School, before the Vietnam War. Quite the Dean of the Lyon Law School had been or was to become a Dean in Beirut or Phnom Penh; the law school is known for research of history of family law. It is famous in the field of Business Law, thanks to its master's degree in Business and Tax law, coupled with the most famous degree in the field of business Law in France: DJCE; the Faculty of law proposes the preparation of master 2 business and financial engineering ranked 7th, Master 2 audiovisual & media law ranked 4th among the best master's degrees by SMBG 2015.
The Law faculty includes the department of political science: international relations propose the preparation of master 2 international relations ranked 5th among the best master's degrees in international security and defense by SMBG ranking 2015. The faculty organise conferences with Interpol and France's National Police College on a regular basis; the Law School has a double diploma programme with the University of Essex in the United Kingdom, which allows students to access regulated professions in both countries. The professorial staff of the Faculty of Philosophy of Lyon 3 includes, or has included: Régis Debray, Jean-Jacques Wunenburger Jean-Claude Beaune Jean-Pierre Ginisti François Guéry Bruno Pinchard Bimbenet Etienne Jean-Joël Duhot, etc.. The IAE, standing for Institut d'Administration des Entreprises, is the school of business of the Jean Moulin University Lyon 3. Known as the IAE of Lyon, its main campus is located in the historical complex of the "Manufacture des Tabacs" in the heart of Lyon, France.
Founded in 1956 the IAE of Lyon has 6300 students in 2007, accounting for more than 28% of the 22,300 students at Lyon 3 University. In addition to the 150 some professors at the IAE, 400 executives from private, external companies contribute to the education; the various courses offered include four bachelor's degrees, eight professional bachelor's degrees, nine master's degrees and preparatory courses for the chartered accountants examination. The IAE of Lyon is one of the top French institutions for training in management; the school is internationalized and has an alumni network of 30,000 former students throughout the world. The Faculty of Arts of Lyon complements and collaborates with the University Lyon 2 and the ENS de Lyon, it offers courses in the Classics. The faculty in includes departments of
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1
The Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, is one of the three public universities of Lyon, France. The dominant areas of study covered by the university are medicine; the main administrative and research facilities are located in Villeurbanne. Other campus are the domains of Gerland and Laennec. Attached to the University are the Hospices civils de Lyon including the "Centre hospitalier Lyon Sud", the largest teaching hospital in the Rhône-Alpes region and second largest in France; the university is named after the French physiologist Claude Bernard. It is the heritage of the "faculté des sciences de Lyon", founded in 1833 and the "faculté de médecine", founded in 1874. Out of the 2630 faculty 700 are medical practitioners at local teaching hospitals; the university is independent since January 2009. Its yearly budget is 421 Mio Euros. Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry Mathematics Physics Earth science Electrical engineering Computer science Mechanical engineering Medicine Pharmacy Odontology Audiology Occupational therapy Physiotherapy Speech therapy Ophthalmology Psychomotricity Sport Observatory of Lyon ISFA, Graduate School of Actuarial Studies Engineering school École polytechnique universitaire de l'université Lyon-I List of colleges and universities List of modern universities in Europe Nataly Mermet, Équation: 40 ans d'innovation à l'Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Glénat, 2011.
Université Claude Bernard Website
Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France. The municipality of Bordeaux proper has a population of 252,040. Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Bordeaux is the centre of the Bordeaux Métropole. With 1,195,335 in the metropolitan area, it is the sixth-largest in France, after Paris, Lyon and Lille, it is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" or "Bordelaises"; the term "Bordelais" may refer to the city and its surrounding region. Being at the center of a major wine-growing and wine-producing region, Bordeaux remains a prominent powerhouse and exercises significant influence on the world wine industry although no wine production is conducted within the city limits, it is home to the world's main wine fair and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year. Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century.
The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. After Paris, Bordeaux has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of any city in France. In historical times, around 567 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala of Aquitanian origin; the name Bourde is still the name of a river south of the city. In 107 BC, the Battle of Burdigala was fought by the Romans who were defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, the Tigurini led by Divico; the Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in the action. The city fell under Roman rule around its importance lying in the commerce of tin and lead, it became capital of Roman Aquitaine, flourishing during the Severan dynasty. In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was brought by the same Vandals in 409, the Visigoths in 414, the Franks in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city.
In the late 6th century, the city re-emerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but royal Frankish power was never strong. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. Around 585, Gallactorius is fighting the Basque people; the city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732 after they stormed the fortified city and overwhelmed the Aquitanian garrison. Duke Eudes mustered a force ready to engage the Umayyads outside Bordeaux taking them on in the Battle of the River Garonne somewhere near the river Dordogne; the battle had a high death toll. Although Eudes was defeated here, he saved part of his troops and kept his grip on Aquitaine after the Battle of Poitiers. In 735, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion after his father Eudes's death, at which Charles responded by sending an expedition that captured and plundered Bordeaux again, but did not retain it for long.
The following year, the Frankish commander descended again to Aquitaine, but clashed in battle with the Aquitanians and left to take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. In 745, Aquitaine faced yet another expedition by Charles's sons Pepin and Carloman, against Hunald, the Aquitanian princeps strong in Bordeaux. Hunald was defeated, his son Waifer replaced him, confirmed Bordeaux as the capital city. During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine, it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to King Pepin the Short's troops. Next to Bordeaux, Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac on a hill across the border with the Basques, where Basque commanders came over to vow loyalty to him. In 778, Seguin was appointed count of Bordeaux undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass that year. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but he was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress or sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia.
They were meant to keep the Basques in check and defend the mouth of the Garonne from the Vikings when the latter appeared c. 844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, count Seguin II marched on the Vikings, who were assaulting Bordeaux and Saintes, but he was captured and executed. No bishops were mentioned during part of the 9th in Bordeaux. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine with the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England; the city flourished due to the wine trade, the cathedral of St. André was built, it was the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince, but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon, it was annexed by France which extended its territory. The Château Trompette and the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city of its wealth by halting the wine commerce with England.
In 1462, Bordeaux obtained a parliament, but regained importance only in the 16th century when it became the centre of the distribution of sugar and slaves from the West Indies along with the traditional wine. Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde
Lumière University Lyon 2
Lumière University Lyon 2 is one of the three universities that comprise the current University of Lyon, having splintered from an older university of the same name, is based on two campuses in Lyon itself. It has a total of 27,500 students studying for three-to-eight-year degrees in the arts and social sciences. At the end of the 18th century, Lyon did not have a university. Education was still linked to religious congregations and influenced by the town's commercial and industrial requirements. 1835 and 1838: Creation of the Faculties of Science and Humanities. 1874 and 1875: Creation of the Faculties of Medicine and Law. 1896: All these faculties were combined to form the University of Lyon. The same year, the historical buildings on the left bank of the Rhone were finished dedicated to the faculties of medicine and science to the faculties of law and humanities. University of Lyon 2 is now established in part of these buildings. December 1969: University Lyon 2 was created as a result of the Loi Faure of 1968, according to which each university must be a independent establishment.
It comprised law and social sciences. The number of students soon rose significantly. In such a demographic context, the University was extended in Bron, where a new campus was built during the 1970s, its original features included a modular organisation, a street within the university and a landscaped environment. For some years now, it has been part of the developing area of Porte des Alpes near Bron. 1987: University Lyon 2 was renamed University Lumière Lyon 2. The logo was created by the Art and Design School of Lyon reflecting the University's new ambitions: offering optimal access to the foundations of culture, promoting initiatives and opening itself to the world. Today: University Lumière Lyon 2 extends over two main sites: Berges du Rhône, the historic site in the centre of Lyon on the left bank of the Rhone, the head office of the University. Robert Faurisson – French academic and arts teacher today redeemed, above all known as activist and Holocaust denial author. Jacques Bichot – French economist, university professor, honorary member of the Economic and Social Council.
Mohammed Arkoun – Algerian intellectual historian of the Islam and philosopher. Bruno Julliard, former President of the UNEF, the largest student union in France. Jérôme Kerviel, former Société Générale trader who incurred one of the largest losses in banking history; the Lumière University extends over 2 main sites: The Berges du Rhône' campus - a historic site in the centre of Lyon on the left bank of the Rhone, the head office of the university. The Porte des Alpes' campus, on the south-eastern outskirts of Lyon, in Bron and Saint-Priest. Lyon 2 Lumière University is one of the first universities to have integrated the European higher education scheme right from the start of the academic year 2004; the courses are organised within the scope of the LMD' system. Lyon 2 Lumière University offers a variety of courses in 4 fields: Humanities and Social Sciences Society and Environment Economics and Management Law Lyon 2 is part of a pilot program on the intensive use of TICE; the digital work environment was introduced at the University in 2003.
The Digital Working Environment project at Lumière Lyon 2 is part of a national and local drive to accompany and assist individuals who make up the academic world throughout their diverse field of activity. The five ENT tool categories include: information: 3 portals, faculties' Internet sites, Web TV.
Stendhal University was a university located in the outskirts of Grenoble, France that offered courses in foreign languages and cultures and modern literature and communication sciences. Having traditionally focused on training educators, it has more become known for preparing students for careers in journalism and culture; each year, the CUEF educated over 3,000 foreign students through various exchange programs in fields covering the entire spectrum of French studies. The last president was Lise Dumasy. Grenoble III University was founded in 1970, but its origins date back to the Middle Ages and the University of Grenoble. In 1968, Edgar Faure created the Établissement public à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel, endowed with considerable autonomy. Departments were eliminated and replaced by Teaching and Research Units, which became Training and Research Units; the founding charter of Grenoble University III, its three native Grenoble counterparts was signed in 1970. From its early days, Grenoble III opened itself to new fields and helped create emerging language sciences, as well as Communication and Applied Foreign Languages.
It took multiple steps to diversify fields of study while combining non-specialized fields and those of vocational study: New LEA department in 1971 Diplomas for VD Lawyers and trilingual economists in 1974 Bachelors and Masters in Information and Communication in 1987 DESS in Specialized Translation and Production of multilingual texts in 1992 Creation of the UFR of the Sciences of Communication and Sciences of Language in 1989In 2016, it merged with two other universities to form the Université Grenoble Alpes, a restoration of the original University of Grenoble. Bernard Miège, 1989–1994 Lise Dumasy, 1999-2004 Patrick Chézaud, 2004–2008 Lise Dumasy, 2008–2016 fr: Stendhal University fr: CUEF