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University of Campinas

The University of Campinas called Unicamp, is a public research university in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Unicamp is ranked among the top universities in Brazil and Latin America. Established in 1962, Unicamp was designed from scratch as an integrated research center unlike other top Brazilian universities created by the consolidation of existing schools and institutes, its research focus reflects on half of its students being graduate students, the largest proportion across all large universities in Brazil, in the large number of graduate programs it offers: 153 compared to 70 undergraduate programs. It offers several non-degree granting open-enrollment courses to around 8,000 students through its extension school, its main campus occupies 3.5 square kilometres located in the district of Barão Geraldo, a suburban area 12 kilometres from the downtown center of Campinas, built shortly after the creation of the university. It has satellite campuses in Limeira and Paulínia, manages two technical high schools located in Campinas and Limeira.

Funding is provided entirely by the state government and, like other Brazilian public universities, no tuition fees or administrative fees are charged for undergraduate and graduate programs. Unicamp is responsible for around 15% of Brazilian research, a disproportionately high number when compared to much larger and older institutions in the country such as the University of São Paulo, it produces more patents than any other research organization in Brazil, being second only to the state-owned oil company, Petrobras. Multiple international university rankings place it amongst the best universities in the world, with QS placing it in the Top 200 globally and ranking it the 11th best university under 50 years, in 2015 it was rated as the best university in the country by Brazil's Ministry of Education. In the early 1960s the Government of the State of São Paulo planned to open a new research center in the interior of the state to promote development and industrialization in the region, commissioned Zeferino Vaz, founder of the University of São Paulo's School of Medicine in Ribeirão Preto, to organize it.

In parallel, a medical school was being planned in Campinas, a demand from the local population that dated from the early 1940s. The School of Medicine of Campinas was created by law in 1959, but actual implementation never took place; the new university was created by law on December 28, 1962, but effective functioning begun in 1966. Before that, only the School of Medicine functioned. In April 1963 the first vestibular, the general admissions exam, was conducted, with 1,592 candidates competing for 50 spots in the medicine program; the first lecture in the newly created University of Campinas took place on May 20 of the same year. By 1965, the organizing commission for the new university started looking for a location for a new campus. A large area comprising 110 hectares was donated by the Almeida Prado family, located in a valley in the district of Barão Geraldo in the city of Campinas, near the intersections of multiple highways; until Barão Geraldo was a small village surrounded by farmland, in particular sugar cane plantations.

The new development brought dramatic change to the district, resulting in entire new neighborhoods being zoned and built by the same Almeida Prado family. Work on the new campus began on October 5, 1966, the first building completed was the Institute of Biology, followed by administrative buildings. In the same year, Zeferino Vaz was nominated the rector. In parallel to the new campus, new units were opened in other cities; the Dental School of Piracicaba was absorbed in 1967, in 1969 the Engineering School of Limeira. Over the following two decades, the new university expanded rapidly; the campus grew to 19 institutes and schools, after Zeferino Vaz died in 1981 was named after him. With the campus construction completed, the School of Medical Sciences was moved into the new campus, its teaching hospital, Hospital de Clínicas, became the largest public hospital in the region. Expansion on the campus continued with new buildings and expansions being added nearly every year. However, by the late 1970s, the university faced a crisis.

During its rapid expansion, it relied on draft bylaws borrowed from the University of São Paulo, lacked formal internal regulations with the aging Zeferino Vaz, while no longer the rector, acting as a moderating force between parties with conflicting interests, in particular the leftist academic community and the State's government, appointed by the conservative military regime ruling the country. After Zeferino's death in 1981, a conflict took place between the university's General Coordinator and backed by the government, the Directive Council, composed of directors of different institutes; the rector introduced new rules reducing the power of the General Coordinator. As retaliation, the State's government removed 6 members of the Directive Council, replacing them with people from the state's Education Council, loyal to the governor, Paulo Maluf. Tensions between the academic community and the government-appointed counselors increased, with the future Minister of Education, Paulo Renato Costa Souza president of the Faculty Association, classifying the episode as a "white intervention".

Following the dismissal of several institute heads and members of the administration, the administrative workers went on strike, with the support of students and faculty. With activities in the university frozen by the strike, the governor declared a formal inter

Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics

The Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics is a research center at Harvard University, it seeks "to advance teaching and research on ethical issues in public life." It is named for Edmond J. Safra and has been supported by Lily Safra and the Edmond J. Safra Foundation; the Center for Ethics was the first Interfaculty Initiative at Harvard University. The Center has four categories of Fellowships: Undergraduate Fellows, directed by Arthur Applbaum. In 2016, the Center entered into a partnership with the Berggruen Institute's Philosophy and Culture Center, as a partner institution for the Berggruen Fellowship Program; the Philosophy and Culture Center supports three Berggruen Fellows each year. Berggruen Fellows engage in scholarship of broad social and political importance from cross-cultural perspectives, demonstrate a commitment to the public dissemination of their ideas. Founded by Dennis Thompson as the Program in Ethics and the Professions in 1986, the Center has supported the work of more than 800 fellows and visiting scholars, many of whom have spent a year or more at the Center.

They include professors, graduate students, undergraduates, physicians, psychologists from many educational institutions and governments in the United States and throughout the world. The Center does not promote a particular theory or conception of ethics or morality but rather encourages rigorous study of difficult ethical issues, informed by empirical research and philosophical analysis. Although the range of topics studied by fellows range major themes have included professional ethics, institutional corruption, “Diversity and Democracy,” and "Political Economy and Justice."Former fellows have gone on to start centers at Princeton and Toronto. The Center for Ethics at Harvard helped establish a sister institution, the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics at Tel Aviv University; the Center took the lead in creating the first international association devoted to ethics in public life, the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics. The current director of the Center is Danielle Allen, appointed in 2015.

She succeeded Lawrence Lessig, who served from 2009–2015. Dennis Thompson, appointed by President Derek Bok in 1986, is the founding director; the Center's Faculty Committee comprises Arthur Applbaum, Eric Beerbohm, Jeff Behrends, Selim Berker, I. Glenn Cohen, Angela Depace, Richard H. Fallon, Jr. Archon Fung, Nien-Hê Hsieh, David S. Jones, Meira Levinson, Mathias Risse, Christopher Robichaud, Gina Schouten, Tommie Shelby, Alison Simmons, Lucas Stanczyk, Brandon Terry, Robert D. Truog. Harvard faculty who were key contributors to the Center include John Rawls, Kenneth Ryan, Amartya Sen, Thomas Scanlon, Martha Minow and Michael Sandel. More than 50 Harvard faculty from all the schools at the university have been active in the Center. Harvard President Derek Bok argued that there was a pressing need for "problem-oriented courses in ethics" that would prepare students for the moral dilemmas and ethical decisions they would face throughout their careers. By his own account, he could not make much progress on meeting this need until he recruited Dennis Thompson a professor at Princeton, to come to Harvard to start a new program.

With its decentralized structure, Harvard was not friendly to inter-faculty initiatives, but with the support of key faculty and several deans, Thompson created what was called the Program in Ethics and the Professions. It was Harvard's first major inter-faculty initiative. In 1990, a graduate fellows program was established, led by Arthur Applbaum, a fellow in the first class and now a professor of ethics at the Harvard Kennedy School. Thompson worked with Bok, subsequent Harvard Presidents Neil Rudenstine and Lawrence Summers, to raise funds to support the growing activities of the ethics effort; the Program grew into a Center, now has an endowment worth more than $55 million. The major benefactors are the estate of Lester Kissel. Others include Eugene P. Beard and the American Express Foundation. Commenting on the Center after 20 years, Bok observed, "One of the best new developments in professional education is the wide and growing interest in resolving problems of ethics. Harvard’s Center was instrumental in this effort, it has exceeded my own optimistic expectations."When Thompson stepped down after 20 years as director, Lawrence Lessig, a prominent scholar of Internet law at Stanford, was appointed to lead the Center.

He had been a fellow in the Center in 1996-97. As director, Lessig led the Center in a campaign against institutional corruption, he took the campaign to the public, ran for President of the U. S. in 2015. In 2011, the Center announced a partnership with InnoCentive "seeking innovative systems to monitor institutions for potential signs of corrupting forces."After Lessig resigned in 2015, President Drew Faust launched another national search, which resulted in the appointment of Danielle Allen, a political theorist at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. Her vision "melds the program from the Thompson era and that of the Lessig era" into a larger endeavor to "create a body of work targeted at real world problems that will be worthy of broad dissemination and will support innovation in practical efforts to solve problems of public and professional ethics." Solomon Benatar, founding director, University of Cape Town Bioethics Centre, Head, Department of Medicine, UCT and Groote Schuur HospitalRajeev Bhargava, former Director of Centre for the Study of Developing Societies

Xavier Briggs

Xavier de Souza Briggs is an American educator, social scientist, policy expert, known for his work on economic opportunity, social capital, democratic governance, leading social change. He has influenced housing and urban policy in the United States, contributing to the concept of the "geography of opportunity," which examines the consequences of housing segregation, by race or economic status, for the well-being and life prospects of children and families, he is a former member of the Harvard and MIT faculties appointed as distinguished visiting professor of business, public service and sociology at New York University as well as a non-resident senior fellow of the Brookings Institution. From 2005 to 2014, he was Professor of Sociology and Urban Planning in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he is a former faculty member of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and faculty fellow of the Urban Institute. He was a presidential appointee in the Clinton Administration, serving as a senior policy official at the US Department of Housing and Urban Development.

In January 2009, Briggs went on a public service leave from MIT, appointed by President Barack Obama to become Associate Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget. At OMB, he oversaw policy and budget for six cabinet agencies as well as the Small Business Administration, General Services Administration, other agencies, he returned to the MIT faculty in August 2011. In January 2014, he went on leave anew, to join the Ford Foundation, one of the world's largest private philanthropies, as Vice President of Inclusive Economies and Markets — leading the foundation's economic opportunity work worldwide—and following a reorganization, its U. S. Programs. At the end of 2019, he left the foundation to begin a visiting appointment at New York University. In New York City, Briggs helped develop the emulated "quality-of-life" planning approach to neighborhood revitalization, in 1996 his work with the Comprehensive Community Revitalization Program in the South Bronx won the President's Award of the American Planning Association.

He began his teaching career at Harvard in 1996, took a leave to work in the Clinton Administration from 1998 to 2000, returned to Harvard and, in 2005, moved to MIT. He was a faculty affiliate of The Urban Institute, a leading nonpartisan policy research organization in Washington, DC. Briggs' research centers on economic opportunity and ethnic diversity, democratic problem-solving in cities worldwide, his teaching has included collaborative problem solving. His earliest research, focused on the social networks of poor young people, examined the controversial desegregation of public housing following a landmark civil rights lawsuit in Yonkers, New York — the subject of an HBO miniseries, Show Me a Hero; the cited study distinguished the role of social support and social leverage as distinct resources for economic mobility and status attainment — in plain terms, for "getting by" as opposed to "getting ahead." In 2002, he was Jr.. Visiting Scholar at MIT, his edited book, The Geography of Opportunity, analyzed the singular role of segregation as America has become more racially and ethnically diverse and at the same time more economically unequal.

The book argued that significant responses to segregation remain rare and suspect in American politics and culture that these responses consist of either "curing" segregation or mitigating its substantial economic and social costs. The edited volume included the leading research on racial attitudes toward integration, racial discrimination in housing markets, links between smart growth in land use policy and housing affordability and segregation, other key topics; the book won the top book award in planning in 2007. A second book, "Democracy as Problem Solving: Civic Capacity in Communities across the Globe" offers an account of transformative change and the politics of reform in the U. S. Brazil and South Africa; the book, a finalist for the C. Wright Mills Prize offers an alternative theory of the functions and forms of democracy, focusing on local governance and grounded in core concepts of learning and bargaining and stakeholder participation. Influenced by American educator and political philosopher John Dewey, this work argues that learning and bargaining are the twin capacities essential to collective problem-solving and shows the conditions under which it is possible to cultivate and advance both.

Briggs is the founder of two online tools for self-directed learning in the field of civic leadership and local problem-solving: The Community Problem-Solving Project @ MIT, sponsored by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Working Smarter in Community Development, sponsored by the MacArthur Foundation. In 2010, he and co-authors Susan Popkin and John Goering published "Moving to Opportunity: The Story of An American Experiment to Fight Ghetto Poverty"; the culmination of more than a decade of work on housing opportunity and the effects of high-risk neighborhoods on

Albion Chapel

Albion Chapel was a Scottish Presbyterian chapel in the City of London, near Finsbury Circus, on the corner of London Wall and Finsbury Pavement. It was established by Reverend Alexander Fletcher on the site of the old Bethlem Royal Hospital in 1815 and demolished in 1879, it was designed by the noted architect William Jay, who became a leading architect in the United States. The first stone of the construction for the Albion Chapel was laid on 7 November 1815 by Reverend Alexander Fletcher, the Minister of a Church of Scotland assembly near Oxford Street; the stone contained several objects inside, including a bible, some coins and a copy each of The Westminster Confession of Faith and The Assembly's Shorter Caterhism. The location that the Chapel was being built on was the west wing of Bethlem Royal Hospital; the building was the first commission of architect William Jay. Reverend Alexander Fletcher was established at the Chapel until 1824, when as a result of a legal challenge brought to him by a Miss Dick regarding the breach of a promise of marriage, the Scottish Presbyterian Church suspended him of his duties.

A crowd of his supporters gathered outside the Chapel on the following Sunday expecting a survive. Despite the Church's ban on him, Fletcher spoke from the pulpit and announced that he would continue to preach despite the orders from Scotland. By the end of December, Fletcher had left Albion Chapel. In July of the following year, he started to erect a new chapel at Finsbury Circle; the Chapel underwent repairs and renovations, reopening on 7 February 1847. The building was demolished in 1879 to make way for Tower Chambers

Wilhelm Holmqvist

Wilhelm Egon Holmqvist was a Swedish archaeologist, art historian and scholar. He published extensively, among other work led excavations at Helgö. Wilhelm Holmqvist was born on 6 April 1905 in Sweden. Through the scholarship of a family friend he attended both secondary school and Stockholm University. At university he studied Nordic archaeology with Nils Åberg, whose typological-chronological approach Holmqvist adapted. After receiving his bachelor's degree in 1932, he received scholarships from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation and the German Academic Exchange Service to spend several years studying in Germany in Berlin and Frankfurt. On the basis of this study he submitted his dissertation, Kunstprobleme der Merowingerzeit, for graduation on 2 December 1939; the work attracted much attention, but only after being forgotten during the ensuing World War II period. Holmqvist worked as a lecturer at Stockholm University from 1940 to 1956. In 1953, he became the director of the Iron Age Department at the Statens historiska museum, holding the position until 1971.

This role ensured that antiquities passed through his hands, influencing his scholarship and leading to several of his publications. A'turning point' in Holmqvist's career came in 1954, when he discovered a major prehistoric archaeological site on the Swedish island of Helgö; the finds, which early on included a bronze 6th-century Buddha statuette from North India, an Irish crosier, a Coptic ladle, led to two decades of excavations. These were funded through the intervention of King Gustaf VI Adolf, who on 15 June 1965 bestowed upon Holmqvist the title of professor. Holmqvist led the excavations, which included work by his students and archaeologists such as Valdemars Ginters, until his retirement on 1 January 1975. Holmqvist died on 9 August 1989 at the age of 84. For a list of publications through 1974, see Lamm 1975. Holmqvist, Wilhelm. "The Dancing Gods". Acta Archaeologica. XXXI: 101–127. ISSN 0065-101X. Lamm, Jan Peder; the Published Writings of Wilhelm Holmqvist: 1934–1974. Stockholm: Unidentified.

ISBN 91-7192-243-1. Lundström, Agneta. "Helgo: A Pre-Viking Trading Center". Archaeology. Archaeological Institute of America. 31: 24–31. JSTOR 41726230. Lundström, Per & Lamm, Jan Peder. "Wilhelm Holmqvist in Memoriam". Fornvännen. 85: 183–185. ISSN 0015-7813. Werner, Joachim. "Wilhelm Holmqvist: 6.4.1904 – 9.8.1989". Jahrbuch der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 248–250. ISSN 0084-6090

In the Ever

In the Ever is the sixth album by Mason Jennings. It was released in 2008. By Brushfire Records; the UK version of the album contains a twelfth track titled Sassafrass. "Never Knew Your Name" – 3:39 "Something About Your Love" – 4:30 "I Love You and Buddha Too" – 2:15 "Fighter Girl" – 3:20 "Your New Man" – 4:07 "Memphis, Tennessee" – 2:12 "Going Back to New Orleans" – 2:01 "How Deep Is that River" – 3:50 "Soldier Boy" – 3:44 "My Perfect Lover" – 6:08 "In Your City" – 2:31"Sassafrass" – 2:56 "The Fisherman" – 3:43 Mason Jennings sang and played all of the instruments except noted below: Arabella Kauffmann - bass guitar on "Fighter Girl" David Boucher - bass guitar on "Fighter Girl" Brian McLeod - drums on "Fighter Girl" Jonny Polonsky - pump organ on "How Deep Is That River" Chris Morrissey - upright bass and harmony vocals on "Memphis, Tennessee" Jack Johnson - additional vocals on "I Love You And Buddha Too"