Julius Rosenwald was an American businessman and philanthropist. He was the founder and backer for the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, to which he gave more than $5 million. Julius Rosenwald was born in 1862 to the clothier Samuel Rosenwald and his wife Augusta Hammerslough Rosenwald and he was born and raised just a few blocks from the Abraham Lincoln residence in Springfield, during Lincolns Presidency of the United States. By his sixteenth year, Rosenwald was apprenticed by his parents to his uncles in New York City to learn the clothing trades, while in New York, he befriended Henry Goldman and Henry Morgenthau, Sr. With his younger brother Morris, Rosenwald started a manufacturing company. They were ruined by a recession in 1885, Rosenwald had heard about other clothiers who had begun to manufacture clothing according to standardized sizes from data collected during the American Civil War. He decided to try the system but to move his manufacturing facility closer to the population that he anticipated would be his market.
He and his moved to Chicago, Illinois. Once in Chicago, the Rosenwald brothers enlisted more help from a cousin, Julius Weil, together they founded Rosenwald, in 1890, Rosenwald married Augusta Nusbaum, a daughter of a competing clothier. Together they had five children, Lessing J. Rosenwald, Adele Deutsch Levy, Edith Stern, Marion Ascoli and their son Lessing Rosenwald became a prominent businessman, following his father in the chairmanship of Sears, Roebuck & Company. One of his grandchildren is Nina Rosenwald, in 1893, Richard Sears and Alvah C. Roebuck renamed their watch company Sears, Roebuck & Company and began to diversify. Rosenwald and Weil was a supplier of mens clothing for Sears. The volumes of unsold merchandise caused by the Panic of 1893, in August 1895, Sears sold Roebucks half of the company to Nusbaum and Rosenwald for $75,000. The new Sears and Company was re-incorporated in Illinois with a stock of $150,000 in August 1895. Sears and Rosenwald got along well, but Nusbaum was a problem and Rosenwald bought him out for $1.3 million in 1903.
From 1895 to 1907, under Rosenwalds leadership as Vice President and Treasurer, the prosperity of the company and their vision for greater expansion led Sears and Rosenwald to take the company public in 1906, with $40 million in stock. Rosenwald turned to his old friend Henry Goldman, who was now a partner at Goldman Sachs. After Sears resigned the presidency in 1908 due to declining health, on January 2,1915, Rosenwald was indicted in Chicago, Illinois for a failure to file a personal property tax schedule
University of Chicago Laboratory Schools
The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools is a private, co-educational day school in Chicago, Illinois. It is affiliated with the University of Chicago, about half of the students have a parent who is on the faculty or staff of the University. The Laboratory Schools were founded by American educator John Dewey in 1896 in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, calvin Brainerd Cady was director of the music department under Dewey. The school began as an educational institution that goes from nursery school through 12th grade. The Laboratory Schools consists of two interrelated campuses, the Historic Campus, located at 1362 East 59th Street, fills two full city blocks. It houses grades 3–12 in five connected buildings, Blaine Hall, Belfield Towers, Judd Hall, the school, the middle school. Two connected gymnasiums sit on this campus, Sunny Gym and Kovler Gymnasium, in September 2013, Lab opened Earl Shapiro Hall on its new Early Childhood Campus located at 5800 South Stony Island Avenue. This new building, designed by Valerio Dewalt Train and FGM Architects, is home to approximately 625 children in nursery through second grade, the building is named for Earl Shapiro, who graduated from Lab in 1956.
The school has over 1,700 students currently enrolled, though there are plans to increase the size and it has been heralded as one of the more diverse independent schools with about 40% students of color and over 44 nationalities represented. Today the school is divided into a Nursery School, Primary School, Lower School, Middle School, many children begin the school in nursery and continue through their high school graduation, and 75% of applications are for nursery school or 9th grade. In 2007, the school was ranked fourth in the nation for its record of sending graduates to elite universities and colleges, u-High offers more than 150 different classes, all are college preparatory in nature and there are 17 Advanced Placement or Advanced Topic classes. High school students may take classes at the University of Chicago. The school maintains four separate libraries to support its teaching and learning, High school students may choose from 40+ different clubs and activities. U-High students are extremely invested in academic extra-curriculars, the high school math team and the science teams are regular contenders for and winners of state titles.
The schools newspaper and the yearbook regularly win regional and national awards, as does its arts magazine, other popular activities include theater, ethnic clubs, Student Council, policy debate, and Model UN. The Model UN team is ranked among the top in the nation. It was recently ranked the #2 High School Model UN team in the United States, in addition, the Debate Team has won numerous national circuit tournaments, and is unofficially considered to be in the Top 20 nationwide. Furthermore, U-Highs Math and Science teams consistently win and place at Regional and State competitions, the schools athletic teams, the Maroons, compete in the Independent School League and are members of the Illinois High School Association
University of Chicago Divinity School
The University of Chicago Divinity School is a private graduate institution at the University of Chicago dedicated to the training of academics and clergy across religious boundaries. Formed under Baptist auspices, the school today lacks any sectarian affiliations, the school offers courses leading to the Ph. D. Div. /A. M. With the Irving B. Harris School of Public Policy Studies A. M. R. S. /J. D, with the University of Chicago Law School M. Div. /A. M. Kitagawa, the Dean of the Divinity School from 1970 to 1980, the Institute for the Advanced Study of Religion officially opened in October 1979, with Professor Marty as its director. The program sponsors workshops and seminars throughout the academic year, affiliated faculty include Daniel A. Arnold, Steven Collins, Paul Copp, Matthew Kapstein, James Ketelaar, Gary A. Tubb, and Christian K. Wedemeyer. Completed in 1926, Swift Hall was designed by Coolidge and Hodgdon in the collegiate Gothic style of architecture and it contains lecture halls, seminar rooms, faculty offices, a student-run coffee shop, a commons, and administrative offices.
The lecture hall was formerly the home of the Divinity Library, before its holdings were consolidated into the research library. Southwest of Swift Hall and connected to it by a beautiful stone cloister is the Joseph Bond Chapel, both Swift Hall and Bond Chapel were designed by the architects Coolidge and Hodgdon at the end of the Gothic revival period in America. The Chapel was given by Mrs. Joseph Bond in memory of her husband, a former Trustee of the Baptist Theological Union, the predecessor institution of the Divinity School. Mr. and Mrs. Bonds daughter, married Edgar J. Goodspeed, after her death in 1949, Mr. Goodspeed donated the stained-glass windows in her memory. The cornerstone of the chapel was laid by Mrs. Bond on April 30,1925, in 2012-13, the Chapel was renovated and its organ was replaced by the Reneker Organ. It was dedicated in 1984 in honor of the late Robert W. Reneker and was moved to Bond Chapel in the autumn of 2012. The cloister connecting Bond Chapel to Swift Hall was reconstructed in 2014, a cloister garden is due to be installed between Swift and Bond in 2015.
As a Divinity School chapel in a university, its main function is to provide a sanctuary for reflection, worship. Wendy Doniger, scholar of Hinduism and comparative mythology, jean Bethke Elshtain, political philosopher and ethicist Michael Fishbane, Semitic languages, biblical studies, and Judaica Franklin I. Gamwell, scholar of ethical and political theory W. Clark Gilpin, historian of modern Christianity Dwight Hopkins, black theology, toward encouraging critical conversations in the field, HR publishes review articles and comprehensive book reviews by distinguished authors. Founded in 1890, Ethics publishes scholarly work in moral and legal philosophy from a variety of perspectives, including social and political theory, law. In addition to articles, Ethics publishes review essays, discussion articles
A graduate school is a school that awards advanced academic degrees with the general requirement that students must have earned a previous undergraduate degree with a high grade point average. The distinction between schools and professional schools is not absolute, as various professional schools offer graduate degrees. Also, some graduate degrees train students for a specific profession, many universities award graduate degrees, a graduate school is not necessarily a separate institution. Those attending graduate schools are called students, or often in British English as postgraduate students and, postgraduates. Degrees awarded to students include masters degrees, doctoral degrees. Producing original research is a significant component of graduate studies in the humanities and this research typically leads to the writing and defense of a thesis or dissertation. In graduate programs that are oriented towards professional training, the degrees may consist solely of coursework, the term graduate school is primarily North American.
Unlike in undergraduate programs, however, it is common for graduate students to take coursework outside their specific field of study at graduate or graduate entry level. Some institutions designate separate graduate versus undergraduate staff and denote other divisions, Graduate degrees in Brazil are called postgraduate degrees, and can be taken only after an undergraduate education has been concluded. Lato sensu graduate degrees, degrees that represent a specialization in a certain area, sometimes it can be used to describe a specialization level between a masters degree and a MBA. However, since there are no norms to regulate this, both names are used indiscriminately most of the time, stricto sensu graduate degrees, degrees for those who wish to pursue an academic career. Usually serves as qualification for those seeking a differential on the job market. Most doctoral programs in Brazil require a degree, meaning that a Lato Sensu Degree is usually insufficient to start a doctoral program.
Doctors / PhD, 3–4 years for completion, usually used as a stepping stone for academic life. In Canada, the Schools and Faculties of Graduate Studies are represented by the Canadian Association of Graduate Studies or Association canadienne pour les études supérieures and its mandate is to promote and foster excellence in graduate education and university research in Canada. In addition to a conference, the association prepares briefs on issues related to graduate studies including supervision, funding. Admission to a masters program generally requires a degree in a related field, with sufficiently high grades usually ranging from B+ and higher. Some schools require samples of the writing as well as a research proposal
University of Chicago Press
The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States. One of its quasi-independent projects is the BiblioVault, a repository for scholarly books. The Press building is located just south of the Midway Plaisance on the University of Chicago campus, the University of Chicago Press was founded in 1891, making it one of the oldest continuously operating university presses in the United States. Its first published book was Robert F. Harpers Assyrian and Babylonian Letters Belonging to the Kouyunjik Collections of the British Museum, for its first three years, the Press was an entity discrete from the university, it was operated by the Boston publishing house D. C. Heath in conjunction with the Chicago printer R. R. Donnelley and this arrangement proved unworkable, and in 1894 the university officially assumed responsibility for the Press. In 1902, as part of the university, the Press started working on the Decennial Publications, composed of articles and monographs by scholars and administrators on the state of the university and its facultys research, the Decennial Publications was a radical reorganization of the Press.
This allowed the Press, by 1905, to begin publishing books by scholars not of the University of Chicago. A manuscript editing and proofreading department was added to the staff of printers and typesetters, leading, in 1906. By 1931, the Press was an established, leading academic publisher, leading books of that era include Dr. Edgar J. Goodspeeds The New Testament, An American Translation and its successor, Goodspeed and J. M. In 1956, the Press first published books under its imprint. Of the Presss best-known books, most date from the 1950s, including translations of the Complete Greek Tragedies and Richmond Lattimores The Iliad of Homer. That decade saw the first edition of A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, in 1966, Morris Philipson began his thirty-four-year tenure as director of the University of Chicago Press. As the Presss scholarly volume expanded, the Press advanced as a trade publisher. In 1992, Norman Macleans books A River Runs Through It and Young Men and Fire were national best sellers, in 1982, Philipson was the first director of an academic press to win the Publisher Citation, one of PENs most prestigious awards.
Paula Barker Duffy served as director of the Press from 2000 to 2007, under her administration, the Press expanded its distribution operations and created the Chicago Digital Distribution Center and BiblioVault. The Press launched an electronic work, The Chicago Manual of Style Online. Garrett P. Kiely became the 15th director of the University of Chicago Press on September 1,2007, the Press publishes over 50 new trade titles per year, across many subject areas. It publishes regional titles, such as The Encyclopedia of Chicago, the Press has recently expanded its digital offerings to include most newly published books as well as key backlist titles
Housing at the University of Chicago
Housing at the University of Chicago includes 12 residence halls that are divided into 38 houses. Each house has an average of 70 students, freshmen must live on-campus, and housing is guaranteed but not required thereafter. The University operates 28 apartment buildings near campus for graduate students, in 2014, 54% of undergraduates lived in college-owned housing. Gates-Blake and Goodspeed Halls opened in 1892 as the first residence halls for the University of Chicago, the buildings were designed by Henry Ives Cobb and served as dormitories for divinity school and graduate students. The buildings feature oriels along their facades and gables along the line that are signs of the Chicago Gothic architecture. The first womens dorm, Foster Hall, opened in 1893 and it was converted to offices in 1961-62. Burton–Judson Courts is located at 1005 E. 60th St. and it was designed by the Philadelphia firm of Zantzinger and Medary. Burton-Judson was the first on-campus residence of eminent astronomer Carl Sagan, burton-Judson contains six houses, Dodd-Mead, Linn-Mathews, Coulter and Vincent.
Campus North, which occupies the location of Pierce Tower, was built from 2013 to 2016. With 15 floors, it has room to accommodate about 800 students, the hall contains eight renamed houses of the recently closed Breckinridge, Maclean, New Grad, and Blackstone halls. The building is one of Studio Gang Architects many recent contracts in, the International House contains undergraduate and professional students. International House is colloquially known by students as I-House, facing the Midway Plaisance, it was created in 1932 as a gift from John D. Rockefeller, Jr. specifically to foster relationships between students from different countries. It is notable for having housed many artists, scientists. Some 40,000 people have lived there since it first opened its doors, I-House Chicago is a member of International Houses Worldwide. The International House subsequently embarked on a $30 million renovation project, until autumn 2013, undergraduates lived in two houses located in the East Tower of International House and Phoenix.
In autumn 2013, Thompson House and Shorey House moved to the West Tower of International House and this change is due to the Universitys sale of Breckinridge Hall, whose residents will be moved to International House in the fall of 2016. The Max Palevsky Residential Commons is located at 1101 E. 56th St. the buildings were designed by Ricardo Legorreta, and opened in 2001. Dining is provided in the Bartlett Commons, all houses are co-ed, although Hoover maintains single-sex floors
University of Chicago Medical Center
Affiliated with and operated by the University of Chicago, it serves as the teaching hospital for students of the institutions Pritzker School of Medicine. Once known as the University of Chicago Hospitals, it was reorganized as the University of Chicago Medical Center in 2006, however, it operates under the umbrella of University of Chicago Medicine. In 1988, the University of Chicago Medical Center decided not to renew its application to be part of the city of Chicagos adult trauma network, at the time, the decision was made to concentrate resources in the clinical specialties where the medical center could play the greatest role. Calls for a new adult level 1 trauma center surfaced after the death of Damian Turner, in December 2015, the University announced that it would be restarting the level 1 trauma center at the hospital. Construction on a new emergency room connected to the Center for Care, in December 2015, the University announced that it will be expanding the University of Chicago Medical Center.
The expansion is a response to increased demand for bed space as the center has been operating near capacity. The trauma center is expected to be completed in 2018, with the remainder of the expansion being finished by 2022, University of Chicago Medicine consists of, Center for Care and Discovery, the primary adult inpatient care facility Bernard A. S. Until 2012, it was the hospital in Illinois ever to be included on the magazines Honor Roll of the best hospitals in the United States. Former first lady Michelle Obama was part of staff there In 2016, the hospital was ranked third in Illinois University of Chicago Medicine University of Chicago Medicine Comer Childrens Hospital
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, located just outside Batavia, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Since 2007, Fermilab has been operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, a joint venture of the University of Chicago, Fermilab is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor. Fermilabs Tevatron was a particle accelerator, at 3.9 miles in circumference, it was the worlds fourth-largest particle accelerator. In 1995, the discovery of the top quark was announced by researchers who used the Tevatrons CDF, in addition to high-energy collider physics, Fermilab hosts fixed-target and neutrino experiments, such as MicroBooNE, NOνA and SeaQuest. Completed neutrino experiments include MINOS, MINOS+, MiniBooNE and SciBooNE, the MiniBooNE detector was a 40-foot diameter sphere containing 800 tons of mineral oil lined with 1,520 phototube detectors. An estimated 1 million neutrino events were recorded each year, SciBooNE sat in the same neutrino beam as MiniBooNE but had fine-grained tracking capabilities.
In the public realm, Fermilab hosts many events, not only public science lectures and symposia. The site is open dawn to dusk to visitors who present valid photo identification. Asteroid 11998 Fermilab is named in honor of the laboratory, Illinois, was a community next to Batavia voted out of existence by its village board in 1966 to provide a site for Fermilab. The laboratory was founded in 1967 as the National Accelerator Laboratory, the laboratorys first director was Robert Rathbun Wilson, under whom the laboratory opened ahead of time and under budget. Many of the sculptures on the site are of his creation and he is the namesake of the sites high-rise laboratory building, whose unique shape has become the symbol for Fermilab and which is the center of activity on the campus. After Wilson stepped down in 1978 to protest the lack of funding for the lab and it was under his guidance that the original accelerator was replaced with the Tevatron, an accelerator capable of colliding protons and antiprotons at a combined energy of 1.96 TeV.
Lederman stepped down in 1989 and remains Director Emeritus, the science education center at the site was named in his honor. The directors include, John Peoples,1989 to 1999 Michael S, as of 2014, the first stage in the acceleration process takes place in two ion sources which turn hydrogen gas into H− ions. A magnetron generates a plasma to form the ions near the metal surface, at the exit of RFQ, the beam is matched by medium energy beam transport into the entrance of the linear accelerator. The next stage of acceleration is linear particle accelerator and this stage consists of two segments. The first segment has 5 vacuum vessel for drift tubes, operating at 201 MHz, the second stage has 7 side-coupled cavities, operating at 805 MHz. At the end of linac, the particles are accelerated to 400 MeV, immediately before entering the next accelerator, the H− ions pass through a carbon foil, becoming H+ ions
Gerald Ratner Athletics Center
The building was named after University of Chicago alumnus, Gerald Ratner. The architect of this structure that is supported by masts and counterweights was César Pelli. The Ratner Athletics Center was approved for use in September 2003, Cesar Pelli & Associates Inc. was credited as the design architect and OWP/P was the architect of record. A ceremonial groundbreaking was held for the Ratner Center on October 28,2000, the Ratner Center opened to the public on September 29,2003, although it was not officially dedicated until homecoming weekend on October 11. The building, which represented a collaboration between Cesar Pelli & Associates and Chicagos OWP/P, was the first new facility on the University of Chicago campus in 68 years. It was a part of a $500 million University-wide capital improvement plan that occurred between 1999 and 2005, part of the plan included the Pelli-designed parking structure across the street from the Athletics Center. The parking structure is named the Gerald Ratner Athletics Center Parking Structure, the athletic center is known for its innovative asymmetrically supported cable-stayed structural system and S-shaped roofs.
Ratner, Ph. B. ’35, J. D. ’37 and he was a Phi Beta Kappa graduate and played for the baseball team during the time that the University participated in the Big Ten Conference. After graduating with a law degree, Order of the Coif, helen Myers McLoraine, an alumnus from the 1930s, contributed in excess of $5 million to fund the swimming pool. DelGiorno worked in industrial relations and personnel at a steel plant before becoming a stockbroker for Paine Webber, the building features the 50-metre x 25-yard Myers-McLoraine Swimming Pool, which can be configured with up to 20 lanes in the 25-yard dimension and nine lanes in the 50-meter dimension. The pools configuration is flexible with a moveable bulkhead which allows for simultaneous activities and it has a pair of one-meter diving boards. The pool depth ranges from 4 to 13.5 feet in the shallow end, the 24, 700-square-foot competition natatorium features seating for 350 spectators. The building includes the Bernard DelGiorno fitness center, the DelGiorno Fitness Center facility occupies two levels of the Ratner center plus the rotunda area.
The building features a gym and auxiliary gym, both of which are available to recreational users. The competition gym, which is the southernmost building, accommodates practice and game site for varsity basketball and wrestling, the auxiliary gym is multipurpose and can accommodate indoor soccer, as well as basketball and badminton. The Ratner Center serves as the home of the University of Chicago basketball, the building hosted the 2009 University Athletic Association Womens Volleyball Championship. The Myers-McLoraine Swimming Pool was the site of the 2005 University Athletic Association Swimming and Diving Championship and it hosted swimming at the 2006 Gay Games. The center is available to University and hospital faculty, alumni, as of 2010, the University of Chicago is one of the few remaining universities in the United States to have a swimming requirement for its undergraduate degree program
Her elder sister, Edith Abbott, who was a social worker and researcher, had professional interests that often complemented those of Graces. Born in Grand Island, the daughter of O. A, Abbott and Elizabeth M. Griffin, Grace graduated from Grand Island College in 1898. Before embarking on her career in social work, she was employed as a school teacher in her hometown through 1906. In 1903, she started studies at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. In 1907, she moved to Chicago, where she entered the career of social work and she took up residency in the Hull House, an urban center for women engaged in early proto-feminism and social reform, as well as a safe haven for the poor. In 1909, Abbott received a Ph. M. in political science from the University of Chicago and she wrote a series of weekly articles in the Chicago Evening Post, titled Within the Citys Gates from 1909-1910, which brought to light the exploitation of immigrants. In 1911, she co-founded the Joint Committee for Vocational Training with Sophonisba Breckenridge, PhD, JD, from 1917-1919, she was the director of the child labor division of the U. S.
Childrens Bureau. It was in this capacity that she was responsible for the administering of the Keating-Owen Act and this law was reversed by the U. S. Supreme Court in 1918. She was responsible for portions of this law continuing by inserting clauses into the contracts between the Federal government and private industries. In 1924, she worked tirelessly to pass a constitutional amendment against child labor, Abbott was an author of several sociological texts, including The Immigrant and the Community and The Child and the State. C. She was the first woman to be nominated for a Presidential cabinet position and her mother was a Quaker turned Unitarian and her father, Othman A. Abbott, was the first Lt. Gov. of the state of Nebraska. She became a professor of public welfare at the University of Chicago, during a 1938 health checkup, doctors discovered that she was suffering from multiple myeloma. The disease caused her death one year later, Abbott is a member of the Nebraska Hall of Fame. The School of Social Work at the University of Nebraska at Omaha is named in her honor