Nick Flynn is an American writer and poet. His most recent publication is The Reenactments, which chronicles Flynn's experience during the making of Being Flynn, a film based on his acclaimed 2004 memoir, Another Bullshit Night in Suck City. Flynn is the author of three collections of poetry, including Some Ether, which won the inaugural PEN/Joyce Osterweil Award for Poetry in 1999, was a finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize. Nick Flynn was raised by his mother in a suburb of Boston. Flynn had no contact with his father throughout most of his childhood and adolescence as his parents separated when he was six months old; as a child, he was discouraged to follow a writing career because his father had identified himself as a writer to his mother when they first met. Flynn claimed a reason for his parents' separation was his father's "delusion of greatness and identifying it directly with being an artist." Flynn first became an electrician after graduating high school, owing to the stigma associated with being a writer.
When he was 22 years old, his mother committed suicide, Flynn left his childhood home soon after. At 27, Flynn was unexpectedly reunited with his father at the Pine Street Inn, a homeless shelter in Boston, when his then-homeless father showed up as a'guest.' He examined his relationship with his father, as well as the suicide of his mother, in Another Bullshit Night in Suck City. Flynn explored his decision to have a child in his second memoir,The Ticking Is The Bomb. Following its publication, he wrote a book of poetry,The Captain Asks for a Show of Hands, which continued on similar themes; the Reenactments is the final book in Flynn's trilogy of memoirs. Flynn's initial focus was on poetry, he held a fellowship at the Fine Arts Work Center in Provincetown, before moving to New York to pursue his Master of Arts in Poetry at New York University, he was a member of Columbia University's Writing Project, in which he served as an educator and consultant in New York public schools. He teaches Creative Writing at the University of Houston.
Flynn's poems and non-fiction have been featured in The New Yorker, Paris Review, National Public Radio's This American Life, The New York Times Book Review, have been translated into 14 languages. In 2009, he married actress Lili Taylor. Flynn and Taylor live in New York with their daughter. 2014 Erikson Institute Prize for Excellence in Mental Health Media 2005 PEN/Martha Albrand Award for the Art of the Memoir 2001 Guggenheim Fellowship 2001 Witter Bynner Fellowship 2001 Amy Lowell Poetry Travelling Scholarship 1999 Discovery/The Nation Award for his poem, Bag of Mice 1999 PEN/Joyce Osterweil Award for Poetry, Some Ether 1999 Larry Levis Prize CollectionsSome Ether: Poems ISBN 978-1555973032 Blind Huber: Poems ISBN 978-1555973735 The Captain Asks for a Show of Hands ISBN 978-1555976330 My Feelings: Poems ISBN 978-1555977108List of poems Alice Invents a Little Game and Alice Always Wins: A Play Another Bullshit Night in Suck City: A Memoir ISBN 0-393-05139-0 The Ticking Is the Bomb: A Memoir ISBN 978-0393338867 The Reenactments: A Memoir ISBN 978-0393344356 A Note Slipped Under the Door: Teaching from Poems We Love ISBN 978-1571103208 Artistic collaborator and field poet, Darwin's Nightmare Executive producer and artistic collaborator, Being Flynn Official website
Robert Pinsky is an American poet, literary critic, translator. From 1997 to 2000, he served as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. Pinsky is the author of nineteen books, his published work includes critically acclaimed translations, including The Inferno of Dante Alighieri and The Separate Notebooks by Czesław Miłosz. He teaches at Boston University. Pinsky was born in Long Branch, New Jersey to Jewish parents and Milford Simon Pinsky, an optician, he attended Long Branch High School. He received a B. A. from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, earned both an M. A. and Ph. D. from Stanford University, where he was a Stegner Fellow in creative writing. He was Paul Fussell at Rutgers and Yvor Winters at Stanford. Pinsky married Ellen Jane Bailey, a clinical psychologist, in 1961, they have three children. Pinsky taught at Wellesley College and at the University of California at Berkeley, now lives in Cambridge and teaches in the graduate writing program at Boston University.
Early on, Pinsky was inspired by the flow and tension of jazz and the excitement that it made him feel. As a former saxophonist, he has said that being a musician was a profoundly influential experience that he has tried to reproduce in his poetry; the musicality of poetry was and is important to his work. Additionally, Pinsky revealed in a 1999 interview with Bomb Magazine that he enjoys jazz for its "physical immediacy and the sense that a lifetime of suffering and study and thought and emotion is behind some single phrase."Pinsky has acknowledged that his poetry would change somewhat depending on the particular subjectivity of each reader. Embracing the idea that people's individuality would fill out the poem, he has said, "The poetry I love is vocal, composed with the poet’s voice and I believe its proper culmination is to be read with a reader's imagined or actual voice; the human voice in that sense is not electronically amplified. Whoever reads the poem aloud becomes the proper medium for the poem."
Pinsky observes'the kind of poetry I write emphasizes the physical qualities of the words' for poetry to Pinsky, is a vocal art, not performative,but reading to one self or recalling some lines by memory. Pinsky comments'all language is abstract'. No aspect of a poem, he observes, is more singular, more unique, than its rhythm, for there are no rules, he received a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship in 1974, in 1997 he was named the United States Poet Laureate and Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. As Poet Laureate, Pinsky founded the Favorite Poem Project, in which thousands of Americans of varying backgrounds, all ages, from every state share their favorite poems. Pinsky believed; the project sought giving voice to the American audience for poetry. The Shakespeare Theatre of Washington, D. C. commissioned Pinsky to write a free adaptation of Friederich Schiller's drama Wallenstein. The Shakespeare Theatre presented the play, starring Stephen Pickering in the title role, directed by Michael Kahn, in 2013.
Premiering on April 17 of that year, the play had a sold-out run, in repertory with Coriolanus. Pinsky wrote the libretto for Death and the Powers, an opera by composer Tod Machover; the opera received its world premiere in Monte Carlo in September 2010 and its U. S. premiere at Boston's Cutler Majestic Theater in March 2011. Pinsky is the author of the interactive fiction game Mindwheel developed by Synapse Software and released by Broderbund. Pinsky guest-starred in an episode of the animated sitcom The Simpsons TV show, "Little Girl in the Big Ten", appeared on The Colbert Report in April, 2007, as the judge of a "Meta-Free-Phor-All" between Stephen Colbert and Sean Penn. In 2011, Farrar and Giroux published Selected PoemsIn 2012, Circumstantial Productions released the CD, PoemJazz, by Robert Pinsky and Laurence Hobgood. Premio Capri in 2009 Manhae Foundation Prize in 2006 PEN/Voelcker Award for Poetry in 2004 Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing at Stanford University Saxifrage Prize for An Explanation of America William Carlos Williams Award of the Poetry Society of America Nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism for Poetry and the World Nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for The Figured Wheel: New and Collected Poems, 1966–1996 Ambassador Book Award in Poetry of the English Speaking Union Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize for The Figured Wheel: New and Collected Poems 1966–1996 Los Angeles Times Book Award for The Inferno of Dante Book-of-the-Month Editor's Choice for The Inferno of Dante Academy of American Poets' Translation Award for The Inferno of DantePinsky has received honorary doctorates from numerous institutions such as Northwestern University, Binghamton University, the University of Michigan, Lake Forest College, Emerson College, Southern New Hampshire University University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Merrimack College The Art of Poetry LXXVI: Robert Pinsky" The Paris Review No.
144, pp. 180–213 Poetry in Review: "Robert Pinsky" The Yale Review Volume 105 No. 4, pp. 177–18
Kiese Laymon is an American writer, editor and a professor of English and Creative Writing at the University of Mississippi. Laymon is the author of three full-length books: a novel, Long Division, two memoirs, How to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America and Heavy. Laymon's work deals with American racism, family, geography, Hip-hop and Southern black life, his provocations and other works of short fiction appear on his blog, Cold Drank, as well as featured pieces written by guest contributors. Laymon has written essays and stories for numerous online publications, including Gawker, ESPN.com, The Washington Post, the New York Times, NPR, BuzzFeed, The Guardian. Born and raised in Mississippi, Laymon earned his Bachelor of Arts at Oberlin College, his Masters in Fine Arts at Indiana University, he attended Jackson State University, where his mother worked as a political science professor, Millsaps College, where he was suspended for a year after taking a library book without checking it out.
His suspension followed ongoing criticism from the administration, including president George Harmon, who believed his controversial pieces on race in the school newspaper adversely affected campus and alumni relations. Laymon detailed his experience of racism at Millsaps, as a coming-of-age black man in Mississippi, in his essay for Gawker, "How to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America"; the essay was read and attracted both positive and negative comments on his portrayal of his racial experiences. "How to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others" was included in his book of autobiographical essays by the same name. His 2018 memoir Heavy: An American Memoir deals with his difficult relationship with his mother—who instilled in him a love of reading and discipline and skill in writing, but, in an abusive relationship and lived on little money, who beat Laymon with the justification that he needed to be tough enough for a white world that would treat him more harshly—as well as his subsequent unhealthy relationships with food and gambling.
Heavy won the 2019 Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Nonfiction. While living and writing in upstate New York, as a professor at Vassar College, Laymon's refusal to omit explicit aspects of Long Division that explore racial politics prolonged negotiations with a major publishing group. Laymon's books were picked up by the independent publisher Agate Publishing, which released his debut novel in June 2013. In addition to Laymon's satirical time-travel novel Long Division, his book of autobiographical essays, How to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America was published by Agate in August 2013. Laymon was an associate professor of English and Africana Studies at Vassar College before being hired as a professor of Creative Writing in the MFA program at the University of Mississippi. NovelsLong Division ISBN 978-1932841725MemoirsHow to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America ISBN 978-1932841770 Heavy: An American Memoir ISBN 978-1501125652Select essays and articles"The Sport of American Responsibility."
"The Anniversary: Looking Up at Tupac Shakur" "Living Under the Gun" "When Hating Kobe Bryant Goes Wrong" "Our Kind of Ridiculous" "This Was 1993: 20 Years Ago I Heard The Perfect Rap Song." "You Are the Second Person" "The Worst of White Folks" "Has America Progressed" "D'Andre Brown's Basketball Dream" "On Trayvon Martin, Black Manhood and Love" "Hey Mama" "My Vassar College Faculty ID Makes Everything OK" "Black churches taught us to forgive white people. We learned to shame ourselves" "How They Do in Oxford" "What Bill Cosby Taught Me About Flying" "Da Art of Storytellin'" "What I Pledge Allegiance To"
Jane Smiley is an American novelist. She won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1992 for her novel A Thousand Acres. Born in Los Angeles, Smiley grew up in Webster Groves, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis, graduated from Community School and from John Burroughs School, she obtained a BA in literature at Vassar College earned an MA, MFA, PhD from the University of Iowa. While working toward her doctorate, she spent a year studying in Iceland as a Fulbright Scholar. From 1981 to 1996 she was a Professor of English at Iowa State University, teaching undergraduate and graduate creative writing workshops. In 1996, she relocated to California, she returned to teaching creative writing at the University of California, Riverside, in 2015. Smiley published her first novel, Barn Blind, in 1980, won a 1985 O. Henry Award for her short story "Lily", published in The Atlantic Monthly, her best-selling A Thousand Acres, a story based on William Shakespeare's King Lear, received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1992.
It was adapted into a film of the same title in 1997. Her novella The Age of Grief was made into the 2002 film The Secret Lives of Dentists, her essay "Feminism Meets the Free Market" was included in the 2006 anthology Mommy Wars by Washington Post writer Leslie Morgan Steiner. Her essay "Why Bother?" Appears in the anthology Knitting Yarns: Writers on Knitting, published by W. W. Norton & Company in 2013. Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Novel, is a non-fiction meditation on the history and the nature of the novel, somewhat in the tradition of E. M. Forster's seminal Aspects of the Novel, that roams from eleventh century Japan's Murasaki Shikibu's The Tale of Genji to 21st-century American women's literature. In 2001, Smiley was elected a member of The American Academy of Letters, she has participated in the annual Los Angeles Times Festival of Books, the Cheltenham Festival, the National Book Festival, the Hay Festival of Literature and the Arts, many others. She won the PEN USA Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006, chaired the judges' panel for the prestigious Man Booker International Prize in 2009.
Jonathan Franzen, author of The Corrections, considers Smiley's book The Greenlanders to be underappreciated and among the best works of contemporary American fiction. Smiley's most recent works are a trilogy of novels about an Iowa family over the course of generations; the first novel of the trilogy, Some Luck, was published in 2014 by Random House. The second volume followed in the spring of 2015, the third volume in the fall of 2015. In 2006 Jane Smiley received the Fitzgerald Award for Achievement in American Literature award, given annually in Rockville Maryland, the city where Fitzgerald, his wife, his daughter are buried as part of the F. Scott Fitzgerald Literary Festival. Barn Blind At Paradise Gate Duplicate Keys The Greenlanders A Thousand Acres Moo The All-True Travels and Adventures of Lidie Newton Horse Heaven Good Faith Ten Days in the Hills Private Life Some Luck Early Warning Golden Age The Age of Grief Ordinary Love & Good Will Catskill Crafts Charles Dickens A Year at the Races: Reflections on Horses, Love and Luck Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Novel The Man Who Invented The Computer The Georges and the Jewels A Good Horse True Blue Pie in the Sky Gee Whiz Appearances on C-SPAN Jane Smiley on Charlie Rose Jane Smiley on IMDb Works by or about Jane Smiley in libraries "Jane Smiley collected news and commentary".
The Guardian. "Jane Smiley collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 2004 Slate article: "The unteachable ignorance of the red states" Write TV Public Television Interview with Jane Smiley 2003 interview of Jane Smiley, IdentityTheory'Jane Smiley's Good Faith', review of Good Faith in the Oxonian Review 2010 Monterey Weekly article: "In her new novel, Private Life, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author uses family history as fictional fodder." KCRW Bookworm Interview
Brian Randolph Greene is an American theoretical physicist and string theorist. He has been a professor at Columbia University since 1996 and chairman of the World Science Festival since co-founding it in 2008. Greene has worked on mirror symmetry, relating two different Calabi–Yau manifolds, he described the flop transition, a mild form of topology change, showing that topology in string theory can change at the conifold point. Greene has become known to a wider audience through his books for the general public, The Elegant Universe, Icarus at the Edge of Time, The Fabric of the Cosmos, The Hidden Reality, related PBS television specials, he appeared on The Big Bang Theory episode "The Herb Garden Germination", as well as the films Frequency and The Last Mimzy. He is a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Greene was born in New York City of Jewish background, his father, Alan Greene, was a one-time vaudeville performer and high school dropout who worked as a voice coach and composer.
After attending Stuyvesant High School, Greene entered Harvard University in 1980 to concentrate in physics. After completing his bachelor's degree, Greene earned his doctorate from Magdalen College, Oxford University, graduating in 1987. While at Oxford, Greene studied piano with the concert pianist Jack Gibbons. Greene joined the physics faculty of Cornell University in 1990 and was appointed to a full professorship in 1995; the following year, he joined the staff of Columbia University as a full professor. At Columbia, Greene is co-director of the university's Institute for Strings and Astroparticle Physics and is leading a research program applying superstring theory to cosmological questions. With co-investigators David Albert and Maulik Parikh he is a FQXi large-grant awardee for his project entitled "Arrow of Time in the Quantum Universe". Greene's area of research is a candidate for a theory of quantum gravity, he is best known for his contribution to the understanding of the different shapes the curled-up dimensions of string theory can take.
The most important of these shapes are so-called Calabi–Yau manifolds. Greene has worked on a particular class of symmetry relating two different Calabi–Yau manifolds, known as mirror symmetry and is known for his research on the flop transition, a mild form of topology change, showing that topology in string theory can change at the conifold point. Greene studies string cosmology the imprints of trans Planckian physics on the cosmic microwave background, brane-gas cosmologies that could explain why the space around us has three large dimensions, expanding on the suggestion of a black hole electron, namely that the electron may be a black hole. In 2008, together with Tracy Day, Greene co-founded the World Science Festival, whose mission is to cultivate a general public informed by science, inspired by wonder, convinced of its value, prepared to engage with its implications for the future, he is the Chairman of the Board. The World Science Festival's signature event is a five-day festival in New York City falling in May.
Hailed a “new cultural institution”, by The New York Times, the Festival has featured such luminaries as: Stephen Hawking, Edward O. Wilson, Sir Paul Nurse, James Watson, Anna Deavere Smith, Francis Collins, Philip Glass, Yo-Yo Ma, Oliver Sacks, Mary-Claire King, William Phillips, Paul Davies, Elizabeth Vargas, Sir Roger Penrose, Charlie Rose, Lisa P. Jackson, John Lithgow, Vinton Cerf, Glenn Close, Jeffrey Eugenides, Bill T. Jones, Joyce Carol Oates, Elaine Fuchs; the first six Festivals have drawn close to a million visitors, millions more have explored the year round content available online. Greene is well known to a wider audience for his work on popularizing theoretical physics, in particular string theory and the search for a unified theory of physics, his first book, The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, the Quest for the Ultimate Theory, published in 1999, is a popularization of superstring theory and M-theory. It was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in nonfiction, winner of The Aventis Prizes for Science Books in 2000.
The Elegant Universe was made into a PBS television special of the same name and narrated by Greene, which won a 2003 Peabody Award. Greene's second book, The Fabric of the Cosmos: Space and the Texture of Reality, is about space and the nature of the universe. Aspects covered in this book include non-local particle entanglement as it relates to special relativity and basic explanations of string theory, it is an examination of the nature of matter and reality, covering such topics as spacetime and cosmology and unification, including an exploration into reality and the imagination. The Fabric of the Cosmos was made into a PBS television special of the same name and narrated by Greene. Greene's third book, The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos, published in January 2011, deals in greater depth with multiple universes, or, as they are sometimes referred to collectively, the multiverse. A book for a younger audience, Icarus at the Edge of Time ISBN 978-0-307-26888-4, a futuristic re-telling of the Icarus myth, was published September 2, 2008.
In addition to authoring popular-science books, Greene is an occasional Op-Ed Contributor for The New York Times, writing on his work and other scientific topics. The popularity of his books and his natural on-camera demea
NoViolet Bulawayo is a Zimbabwean author, Stegner Fellow at Stanford University. In 2012 the National Book Foundation named her a 5 under 35 honoree. Bulawayo was born and raised in Zimbabwe and attended Njube High School and Mzilikazi High School for her A-levels, she completed her college education in the US, studying at Kalamazoo Valley Community College, earning bachelor's and master's degrees in English from Texas A&M University-Commerce and Southern Methodist University respectively. In 2010, she completed a Master of Fine Arts in Creative Writing at Cornell University, where her work was recognized with a Truman Capote Fellowship. In 2011 she won the Caine Prize with her story "Hitting Budapest", published in the November/December 2010 issue of the Boston Review and became the opening chapter of her 2013 debut novel. We Need New Names was included in the 2013 Man Booker Prize shortlist, making Bulawayo the first black African woman and the first Zimbabwean to be shortlisted for the prize.
She won the Etisalat Prize for Literature and the Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award, among other accolades. In 2011, it was reported. Bulawayo sat on the board of trustees of the pan-African literary initiative Writivism between 2014 and 2018. 2010: Truman Capote Fellowship 2011: Caine Prize for African Writing for the short story "Hitting Budapest" about a gang of street children in a Zimbabwean shantytown. 2013: Man Booker Prize shortlist for We Need New Names 2013: National Book Award's "5 Under 35" chosen by a panel of past finalists and winners. Bulawayo was selected by Junot Díaz. 2013: Guardian First Book Award shortlist for We Need New Names 2013: Barnes & Noble Discover Award finalist for We Need New Names 2013: Etisalat Prize for Literature winner for We Need New Names 2013: Los Angeles Times Book Prize Art Seidenbaum Award for First Fiction, winner for We Need New Names. 2014: Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award winner for We Need New Names 2009: "Snapshots", published in New Writing from Africa 2009 2010: "Hitting Budapest", published in Boston Review and The Caine Prize for African Writing 2011 2013: We Need New Names NoViolet Bulawayo, official website
Anthony Robert Kushner is an American playwright and screenwriter. He received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1993 for his play Angels in America and adapted it for HBO in 2003, he co-authored the screenplay for the 2005 film Munich, he wrote the screenplay for the 2012 film Lincoln. Both films were critically acclaimed, he received Academy Award nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay, he received a National Medal of Arts from President Barack Obama in 2013. Kushner was born in Manhattan, the son of Sylvia, a bassoonist, William David Kushner, a clarinetist and conductor, his family is Jewish, descended from immigrants from Russia and Poland. Shortly after his birth, Kushner's parents moved to Lake Charles, the seat of Calcasieu Parish where he spent his childhood. During high school Kushner was active in policy debate. In 1974, Kushner moved back to New York to begin his undergraduate college education at Columbia University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Medieval Studies in 1978.
He attended the Tisch School of the Arts at NYU, graduating in 1984. During graduate school, he spent the summers of 1978–1981 directing both early original works and plays by Shakespeare starring the children attending the Governor's Program for Gifted Children in Lake Charles. Kushner has received several honorary degrees: in 2003 from Columbia College Chicago. Kushner's best known work is Angels in America, a seven-hour epic about the AIDS epidemic in Reagan-era New York, adapted into an HBO miniseries for which Kushner wrote the screenplay, his other plays include Hydriotaphia, Slavs!: Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness, A Bright Room Called Day, Homebody/Kabul, the book for the musical Caroline, or Change. His new translation of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage and Her Children was performed at the Delacorte Theater in the summer of 2006, starring Meryl Streep and directed by George C. Wolfe. Kushner has adapted Brecht's The Good Person of Szechwan, Corneille's The Illusion, S. Ansky's play The Dybbuk.
In the early 2000s, Kushner began writing for film. His co-written screenplay Munich was produced and directed by Steven Spielberg in 2005. In January 2006, a documentary feature about Kushner entitled Wrestling With Angels debuted at the Sundance Film Festival; the film was directed by Freida Lee Mock. In April 2011 it was announced that he was working with Spielberg again, writing the screenplay for an adaptation of historian Doris Kearns Goodwin's book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln; the screenplay for Lincoln would go on to receive multiple awards, in addition to nominations for Best Adapted Screenplay at the Golden Globes and The Oscars. In a 2015 interview actress/producer Viola Davis revealed she had hired Kushner to write an as yet untitled biopic about the life of Barbara Jordan that she planned to star in. In 2016, Kushner worked on a screenplay version of August Wilson's play Fences. Kushner is famous for years-long gestations of his plays. Both Angels in America: Perestroika and Homebody/Kabul were revised after they were first published.
Kushner has admitted that the original script version of Angels in America: Perestroika is nearly double the length of the theatrical version. His newest completed work, the play The Intelligent Homosexual's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism with a Key to the Scriptures, began as a novel more than a decade ago. Said work opened on May 15, 2009. In 2018 it was announced that Kushner was working on a script of a remake of West Side Story for Spielberg to direct. Kushner's criticism of Israel's treatment of the Palestinians and of the increased religious extremism in Israeli politics and culture has created some controversy with U. S. Jews, including some opposition to his receiving an honorary doctorate at the 2006 commencement of Brandeis University; the Zionist Organization of America unsuccessfully lobbied the university to rescind its invitation to Kushner. During the controversy, quotes critical of Zionism and Israel made by Kushner were circulated. Kushner said at the time that his quotes were "grossly mischaracterized."
Kushner told the Jewish Advocate in an interview, "All that anybody seems to be reading is a couple of right-wing Web sites taking things deliberately out of context and excluding anything that would complicate the picture by making me seem like a reasonable person, which I think I am." In an interview with the Jewish Independent, Kushner commented, "I want the state of Israel to continue to exist. I've always said that. I've never said anything else. My positions misrepresented in so many ways. People claim that I'm for a one-state solution, not true." However, he stated that he hopes that "there might be a merging of the two countries because geographically kind of ridiculous looking on a map," although he acknowledged that political realities make this unlikely in the near future. Kushner has received backlash from family members due to his political views of Israel. On May 2, 2011, the Board of Trustees of the City University of New York, at their month