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University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus

The University of Nottingham Malaysia is a private university branch campus of the University of Nottingham majority owned by Boustead Holdings Sdn Bhd. The university is situated in Semenyih, Hulu Langat District, Malaysia; the university has been ranked as "excellent" or tier 5 in a scale of tier 1-6 and is classified as a private institution, by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education. The campus is run as a company called The University of Nottingham Malaysia Sdn Bhd with the provost being dual hatted as the CEO; the majority shareholder is Boustead Holdings. The Malaysia campus was the first campus of a British university in Malaysia and one of the first to open outside Britain thus earning the distinction of the Queen's Awards for Enterprise 2001 and the Queen's Award for Industry 2006; the University of Nottingham's other overseas campus is located in China. The Malaysia campus was established in 2000 when the first batch of students were enrolled, students were taught in a rented building.

The idea for the university to open a foreign branch was suggested as early as 1992. It is the first purpose-built UK university campus in a foreign country; the university was known as the University of Nottingham in Malaysia or UNMC. The campus' incumbent chairman is Ahmad Rithauddeen, an honorary Nottingham graduate and former Malaysian Defence Minister; the present campus at Semenyih was opened by Deputy Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak, an alumnus himself, on 26 September 2005. The campus was made possible by a consortium of partners which includes the Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera or Armed Forces Fund Board via its subsidiary Boustead Holdings Bhd, YTL Corporation Bhd and the University of Nottingham and the Alumni Association; the University operates as a private company called The University of Nottingham in Malaysia Sdn Bhd. where Boustead Holdings Bhd has the majority shareholding. Prior to the opening of the main campus in Semenyih, the university operated at the former Majestic Hotel building near Kuala Lumpur Railway Station and at Wisma MISC or MISC Tower.

Following the opening of the Semenyih campus, most of the teaching departments were moved to Semenyih, only certain post graduate courses still remain in Kuala Lumpur. In 2006, the campus reopened a Kuala Lumpur branch in Chulan Tower on Jalan Conlay; the Malaysia campus is based on a 125-acre plot situated in Semenyih, Selangor. The Sports Complex on campus houses the recreational facilities such as two tennis courts, two squash courts, two badminton courts, a 25m swimming pool, a small gym and one big multipurpose field for rugby, frisbee etc. There is a martial arts room within the complex; the complex has a multipurpose hall with two multipurpose courts for basketball, futsal and badminton. Besides the main campus in Semenyih, a city teaching facility is maintained in Chulan Tower in Kuala Lumpur's central business district. Postgraduate programmes, such as applied psychology and management, are taught at the KL Teaching Centre. Being a branch campus of the University of Nottingham, students are not taught with similar course materials and do not sit the same exam papers as those in the UK, but are still under the jurisdiction of the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.

Upon completing a degree at the Malaysia campus, students are awarded a University of Nottingham degree certificate at a convocation held locally, indistinguishable from the certificates awarded at the Nottingham campus. The degrees that are awarded are accredited by international professional bodies such as the Association of MBAs and the UK Engineering Council; the Engineering Degree courses are accredited by the Board of Engineering Malaysia and the Malaysian Qualifications Agency. The university's career office and the Wall Street Society co-organized numerous company talks and at least one career fair each year; the career office organised workshops to teach students how to present themselves during interviews, how to write a winning CV etc. Many of its graduates join some of the most prestigious companies located in Kuala Lumpur, such as Shell, Petronas, CIMB, MayBank, Affin Investment Bank, Securities Commission, Roland Berger, Boston Consulting Group, Nestle and P&G. Apart from the taught undergraduate and postgraduate programmes, the university conducts projects for research-based postgraduate studies.

There are more than 20 research programmes being carried out at the Malaysia Campus. The Biotechnology Research Centre is a 986-square-metre research centre specialising in the applied research of biotechnology products palm oil crop; the building cost RM 3.5 M, excluding scientific equipment. Inside the main research building there are two labs, one for the teaching of UNMC biotechnology students and the other for research; the research centre is operated as a joint collaboration with Applied Agricultural Resources Sdn. Bhd, a start-up company. During the design and planning phase of the Semenyih campus, there were issues that a planned incinerator was to be built in Broga, something which the university and local area residents protested about; the incinerator plant was moved to a new site in Kampung Bohol, Puchong. The University of Nottingham Rugby Club Nottingham Knights were champions at the 2011 Malaysia Association of Private Colleges and Universities Rugby tournament; the team beat all opposition without conceding a goal.

The Malaysia campus played host to the Nottingham Tricampus games in the summer of 2010. It will again this year again in 2019; the UNM Men Futsal Team participating in Liga Futsal IPT organized by Mi

Monon Railroad

The Monon Railroad known as the Chicago and Louisville Railway from 1897 to 1956, was an American railroad that operated entirely within the state of Indiana. The Monon was merged into the Louisville and Nashville Railroad in 1971, much of the former Monon right of way is owned today by CSX Transportation. In 1970 it operated 540 miles of road on 792 miles of track. 1847: The New Albany and Salem Railroad is organized with James Brooks as president. 1854: The NA&S trackage stretches from the Ohio River to the Great Lakes. 1859: The overextended and struggling NA&S is renamed the Louisville, New Albany and Chicago Railroad. April 30, 1865: The LNA&C becomes one of twenty railroads to haul Abraham Lincoln's funeral train, from Lafayette, Indiana to Michigan City, Indiana. 1873: The LNA&C Railroad is reorganized as the Louisville, New Albany and Chicago Railway. 1881: The LNA&C consolidates with the Chicago and Indianapolis Air Line Railway, the trackage of the new division is soon extended to reach into its namesake cities.

July 1, 1897: The LNA&C is reorganized as the Chicago and Louisville Railway. 1932: The 300 pound Monon Bell is first presented as the trophy of the annual football matchup between DePauw University and Wabash College. 1946: John W. Barriger III becomes President of the Monon, bringing aggressive plans for modernization. June 29, 1949: Final day of steam locomotive service, as the Monon becomes one of the first Class I railroads to convert to diesel motive power. January 11, 1956: The CI&L adopts its longtime nickname, Monon, as its corporate title. 1959: The Monon's passenger service between Chicago and Indianapolis, Indiana is discontinued. By 1965, only the Thoroughbred remained, with its single daily roundtrip from Chicago to Louisville. September 30, 1967: Final day of scheduled passenger train service on the Monon. March 21, 1968: Merger with Louisville and Nashville Railroad announced to placate Monon fears of lost business due to L&N's acquisition of a competing route, the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad.

July 31, 1971: The Monon is merged into the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. 1972-1979: Amtrak operates the Floridian Chicago-Miami service over the former Monon Railroad's tracks in Indiana. With the termination of this service in 1979, Bloomington and the rest of southern Indiana forever lose passenger railway service. 1999: Portions of the line around Indianapolis were converted to a bicycle and pedestrian trail known as the Monon Trail. 2004: CSX stops using the former Monon Railroad's tracks through Bloomington, Indiana. Over the next decade, Bloomington sections of the tracks were converted to the B-Line Trail and the Rail-Trail. After 2009, the tracks between Munster and Hammond, Indiana were removed and the line converted into another section of the Monon Trail; the Monon served six colleges and universities along its line: Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana St. Joseph's College in Rensselaer, IndianaThe university traffic was important enough to the Monon that the railroad used the schools' colors on its rolling stock.

The red and white of Wabash College was used on the railroad's passenger equipment, the black and gold used by both DePauw University and Purdue University adorned the railroad's diesel freight locomotives and replaced the red and white on passenger equipment as well. Monon RailroadChicago and South Atlantic Railroad 1879 Chicago and Louisville Railroad 1956 Chicago and Wabash Valley Railroad 1914 Indianapolis and Louisville Railroad 1916 Louisville, New Albany and Chicago Railroad 1898 Bedford and Bloomfield Railroad 1886 Chicago and Indianapolis Air Line Railway 1883 Indianapolis and Chicago Railroad 1881 New Albany and Salem Railroad 1873 Crawfordsville and Wabash Railroad 1852 Orleans and Jasper Railway 1886 The railroad got the name Monon from the convergence of its main routes in Monon, Indiana. From Monon, the mainlines reached out to Chicago, Louisville and Michigan City, Indiana. In Chicago the Monon's passenger trains served Dearborn Station. Branches connected the Louisville mainline to Victoria and French Lick, Indiana.

The Monon's main line ran down the middle of streets in several cities, notably Lafayette, New Albany, Bedford. It installed an unusual "home grown" warning signal at many grade crossings. A sign below or to the side of the signal read, "STOP When Signal Is Out." This design was fail-safe, in that when the signal bulb was burned out, an approaching vehicle driver would assume a train was coming — until he realized there was no train and just a burned-out signal. The Monon had seven sections. Beginning in the north, Section One was from the Indiana line to Lafayette, passing through the Monon switch in Monon; as a primary passenger route, it connected to Section Four running between Lafayette and Bloomington. This route reached the Ohio River over Section Five from Bloomington to New Albany. From this southern route, Sections Six and Seven were spurs to the west. Section Six served the coal fields between Mi

Artillery of the Nguyễn lords

The artillery of the Nguyễn lords, the family that ruled southern Vietnam from the late 16th to the late 18th centuries, the precursor of the Nguyễn dynasty, was an important component of their military success in repelling attacks from the rival Trịnh lords, their northern contemporaries. Between 1627 and 1672, seven campaigns were waged by the Trịnh in an attempt to break the Nguyễn, without success, along a front line near the 17th parallel, which divided North and South Vietnam, 1954 to 1975; the Nguyễn were much weaker than the Trịnh in terms of having an established state and administration, with a vastly smaller army and population from which to draw resources, but their fortification system and their superior artillery allowed them to repel attacks from a stronger enemy while at the same time pushing southwards in the Nam tiến which established Vietnam's modern-day territory. Artillery had been known in Vietnam since at least the 14th century. In the late 14th century, as the Trần dynasty was at its weakest point prior to the Chinese invasion by the Ming dynasty in 1407, Vietnam had been troubled by incursions by the kingdom of Champa, located in modern-day central Vietnam.

The latest incursion was led by Chế Bồng Nga regarded as Champa's greatest king. The Ming Shi went as far as to claim that the Chinese learned the method of construction of "divine cannon" from the Vietnamese after they invaded Đại Ngu in 1407, although the historian Li Tana interpreted this as referring to a particular model of weapon, since Kublai Khan had used cannons in his invasion of Japan, because cannons built in the 1370s were unearthed in northern China. A instance of cannon use came in 1593 after the split between the Nguyễn and Trịnh Lords; the families had been rival forces in the imperial service of the Lê dynasty, established after Lê Lợi expelled the Chinese and ended the Ming occupation in 1428. By the start of the 16th century, the power of the Lê family had evaporated and a series of Lê kings were enthroned and dethroned by the Trịnh family, who held de facto power. Further, Mạc Đăng Dung of the Mac family usurped the throne, Trịnh and the Nguyễn fell out, leading to a three way power struggle.

In 1558, the leader of the Nguyễn clan, Nguyễn Hoàng, whose sister was the consort of Trịnh Kiểm, persuaded Kiem to send him to reclaim Thuận Hóa territory from a Mạc garrison force. Kiem agreed to send Hoang and his clansmen to Thuận Hóa. During this time, Hoang still proclaimed his loyalty to the Lê dynasty and the Trịnh Lords, sent the annual taxes back to the imperial capital. In 1593 he led his army to the north to help the Le force and the current Trịnh lord Trịnh Tùng end the decades long campaign against the Mạc; the court records assert that the Mạc's fortifications were crushed when Nguyễn Hoàng employed "large cannons of all types" in battle. Asian history scholar Keith Taylor wrote of the Lê dynasty annals' portrayal of Hoang's cannon: "There is an air of the exotic and the marvelous in the northern annals' perception of Nguyễn Hoàng's arrival, he bursts with amazing wealth and a wonderful engine of war into a scene straitened by poverty and powerful enemies."In 1620, the Nguyễn lords formally broke with the Trịnh, after Hoang's son and successor Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên refused to continue the annual paying of taxes to the capital, leading to a period of tension culminating in the Trịnh–Nguyễn War.

The major source of the Nguyễn army's firearms was Portuguese traders, who allied with the Nguyễn clan, while their Dutch rivals formed an alliance with the Trịnh lords. At the time, Chinese traders had difficulty obtaining artillery, so scholars pinpointed Macau an important Portuguese trading port, as the most source of the cannons. In his diary, the Vietnamese-speaking Jesuit priest Christoforo Borri, a Catholic missionary in Vietnam in the 1620s, asserted an unconventional hypothesis to explain the Nguyễn cannons, he claimed that the Nguyễn Lords acquired their first artillery through luck, after a wrecked ship had run aground. He claimed that Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên's decision to flout the authority of the Trịnh was prompted by the fortuitous acquisition of the cannon, writing that his defiance was caused by being "suddenly furnished with divers pieces of artillery recovered and gotten out of the ship-wreck of sundry ships of the Portugals and Hollanders." The new weaponry that Nguyễn lord acquired was far superior to Trịnh's archaic cannons.

Borri went on to remark that he felt that the Nguyễn Lords' army had honed their cannon-operating skills to the extent that "they surpass our Europeans." The artillery was the centerpiece of the Nguyễn defense against the Trịnh onslaught from the start. According to Tien Bien, the court annals of the Nguyễn, the first of the Nguyễn's two famous large defensive fortifications in modern Quảng Bình Province, known as the Luy Nhat Le, was lined with artillery. According to the annals, cannons were placed at four metre intervals along the 12 km wall, with a large battery at every twelve to twenty metres; the annals went on to note that "ammunition was so abundant that the depots were like mountains." This would have meant that there were 3,000 cannons along the wall. However, the Dutch traveller Johan van Linga cast doubt on this claim by the Nguyễn annals, estimating in his 1642 writings that the Nguyễn possessed 200 cannons. Despite the uncertain number of cannons in the Nguyễn arsenal, historians have long credited the Nguyễn artillery as one of the key reasons that they were able to defeat an army many times larger.

The Nguyễn were able to cast their own European-type cannons, another explanation

Robert Walser Center

The Robert Walser Center, established in Bern, Switzerland, in 2009, is dedicated to Robert Walser and the first patron of Walser’s work and legacy, Carl Seelig. Its purpose is to promulgate Walser's work as well as to facilitate scholarly research; the Center is open to both experts and the general public and includes an extensive archive, a research library, temporary exhibition space, two rooms with several workstations are available. The Center furthermore develops and organizes exhibitions, conferences, workshops and special editions; the translation of Robert Walser’s works, which the Center both encourages and supports represents a key focus. In order to meet its objectives and responsibilities as a center of excellence, it collaborates on certain projects with local and international partners as well as universities, theaters, archives, translators and publishers; the lawyer Elio Fröhlich founded the Carl Seelig Foundation in 1966, which in turn established the Robert Walser Archive in 1973, in order to maintain and expand Walser’s literary estate as well as make it available to an ever-increasing number of scholars and researchers.

In 2004, the foundation was renamed the Robert Walser Foundation Zurich. The following individuals served as directors of the Robert Walser Archive from 1973 until the present: Katharina Kerr, Guido Stefani, Werner Morlang, Bernhard Echte, Margit Gigerl, Lucas Marco Gisi, Lukas Gloor. In 2009, the Foundation underwent a major structural reorganization, relocated to Bern, was renamed the Robert Walser Foundation Bern; the Robert Walser Center was opened the same year, overseen by the founding director Reto Sorg. Since the Robert Walser Archive is considered a major and central part of the Robert Walser Center; that same year saw the introduction of volunteers, who support the staff and their scholarly activities. The main focus of the Archive is the Robert Walser Collection, which includes manuscripts, personal papers, an ever-expanding collection of secondary literature, continuously being catalogued and analyzed. Although still owned by the Robert Walser Foundation, these valuable and sensitive manuscripts were transferred in 2009 to the Swiss Literary Archives of the Swiss National Library in Bern.

The Archive features the partial estates of Robert Walser’s siblings and those of Carl Seelig, as well as the Walser scholars Anne Gabrisch, Jochen Greven, Werner Morlang. Since the 1980s, the Robert Walser Center and the Robert Walser Archive work on special editions and other publications regarding Robert Walser; the Robert Walser Center maintains the world’s leading Walser library, which collects everything written by and about Robert Walser. In addition to all editions of Walser’s work in the original German and any existing translations, it includes periodicals and unpublished academic theses and dissertations; the Library’s catalogue, a key tool for all Walser scholars, can be accessed and searched via the Center’s homepage in both German and English. The Robert Walser Center furthermore houses the most comprehensive collection of Walser’s work in translation; the Robert Walser Center stages thematically alternating exhibitions about the life and artistic influence of Robert Walser. Recent exhibitions have featured Walser’s first editions and letters, as well as exhibitions featuring artists such as Robert Frank, Tilo Steireif, Thomas Hirschhorn, Yves Netzhammer.

Robert Walser-Zentrum Robert Walser-Zentrum Library Catalogue, Robert Walser Center Library Catalogue, Robert Walser Center

Souleymane Camara

Souleymane Camara is a Senegalese footballer who plays as a forward for French Ligue 1 club Montpellier HSC. He has represented his nation at the 2002 FIFA World Cup. On 5 August 2017, Camara scored the only goal in Montpellier HSC's 1–0 win against SM Caen on matchday 1 of the 2017–18 season, it was his 48th Ligue 1 goal for Montpellier and made him Montpellier's record scorer in Ligue 1, breaking Laurent Blanc's 26-year-old record of 47 Division 1 goals scored for Montpellier in four seasons. In March 2019 he became the first player to score in 15 different seasons in France's Ligue 1 in the 21st century. In May 2019 he extended his contract with Montpellier for a further season. Montpellier Ligue 1: 2011–12 Senegal Africa Cup of Nations runner-up:2002 Souleymane Camara at National-Football-Teams.com

Dead Horse (song)

"Dead Horse" is a song by American rock band Guns N' Roses. It appears on their 1991 release, Use Your Illusion I; the composition starts out with an acoustic section, which features a guitar riff written by lead vocalist Axl Rose. Following the sound of a nutcracker, the electric guitars soon come in for the heavier section which dominates the song. After the final climactic chorus, the opening section is reprised for another bar; the song ends with an audio effect featuring the song being fast-forwarded. The song was never released as a single but was issued to radio stations in 1993 as a 5" CD radio promo. A music video made in 1993, directed by Louis Marciano, first appeared on the VHS only release entitled Garden of Eden: Strictly Limited Edition and on the Welcome to the Videos compilation in 1998. Guns N' RosesW. Axl Rose – lead vocals, acoustic guitar Slash – lead guitar Izzy Stradlin – rhythm guitar Duff McKaganbass Matt Sorum – drumsAdditional musiciansMike Clink – nutcracker