Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Poetry
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Poetry is given below
Irinjalakuda is a Municipal town in Thrissur district, India. Irinjalakuda is the headquarters of Mukundapuram Taluk. Irinjalakuda is known for the Koodalmanikyam Temple and the Thachudaya Kaimals who had princely status until 1971; the name Irinjalakuda has been derived from "Iru" and "Chaal". According to another legend, the origin of the name Irinjalakuda came from'Irinjalikoodal'.'Koodal' means merge, merging of two rivers. So it shows that Irinjalakuda may have developed, from'Irinjalikoodal', that derived from'Inangikoodal', means merge. At present there is no river in Irinjalakuda, only the myth of river. Irinjalakuda can be derived from'iru njyaala koda' i.e. donation of two worlds, what Mahabali is said to have done in the story of the Vaamanaavataaram. According to Hindu mythology, Irinjalakuda was created by sage Parasurama. According to Keralolpatthi, out of the 64 gramas established in Kerala, Irinjalakuda was the head of some of them. Irinjalakuda was one of the most prominent among these Gramas.
Boundaries of this grama extends up to Aloor in the east and Kakkathuruthi in the west and extended to Koodapuzha in the east. Like the other Gramas this'Grama' followed Sankara Smruthi. Another legend suggests that the origin of the name Irinjalakuda were heard, "Irunnu Salayil Koodai", "Virinja Alu Kuda". There is a huge Banyan tree still standing in the centre of the Irinjalakuda spreading the branches to the sky like an umbrella; the Thachudaya Kaimal is a spiritual dignitary of Kerala Hindus and the temporal ruler of the Koodalmanikyam Temple and its Estates. The line is mentioned in the Skanda Purana; the Arms of the Kaimal and that of the temple bear the insignia of a coiled conch-shell with the words'Manikkam Keralar'. With the 26th amendment of the Indian constitution in 1971, the Princely order in India was abolished and the Thachudaya Kaimals lost their position in the temple and its estates, it is now managed by a Trust managed by the District Collector although a vestige of former power lies in his being the chief trustee of the temple.
The Devaswom was allotted land to accommodate institutions such as the Christ College, for public use to facilitate development activities in the region. Much land that belonged to Koodalmanikyam was subjected to encroachment. In 1762 Maharaja Kingdom of Cochin formed Mukundapuram taluk by adding Mapranam nadu and parts of Nandilathu nadu to Mukundapuram nadu. In the last decade of the 18th Century the last Naduvazhi Nambiar of Mukundapuram nadu died and Sakthan Thampuran confiscated all the powers and properties of Mukundapuram Nambiar and Mapranam Nambiar. Sakthan Thampuran divided old Mukundapuram Taluk into six Proverties viz.1) Thazhekkad 2) Areepalam, 3)Mukundapuram 4) Mapranam 5)Palathungal 6)Pudukkad for administrative and revenue purposes. Five more proverties were added to Mukundapuram Taluk afterwards: Kodassery, Thirumukkulam ), Pathinettarayalam and Malayattur. Tipu Sultan's Army was based at Thazhekkad Proverty of Mukundapuram Taluk on 24 December 1789 to attack the Nedumkotta, situated in the middle of Kochi Kingdom and was known as Travancore lines and attacked KonurKottavathil in January 1790.
When new Chalakudy taluk was formed in 2013 by bifrurcating Mukundapuram taluk it lost more than 50% of its territory. As of 2011 India census, Irinjalakuda had a population of 51,585. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Irinjalakuda has an average literacy rate of 96%, much higher than the national average of 74.65%. While male literacy stands at 97.12%, female literacy is 94.56%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Its St. Thomas Cathedral is the episcopal. Before the arrival of Tipu Sulthan to Mukundapuram Taluk in December 1789 the headquarters of Padruado Archbishops of Cranganore of Nazranis was at Pookkatt.. Sakthan Thampuran brought four Christian families for improving commerce and trade to the place known as ‘Chanthappura’; when they struck gold in this field, more of this community migrated from Kombara chantha and settled in the area and now it became one of the strongholds of this community. Besides Hindu and Christian communities this area consists of Muslims.
Karukulangara Narasimhaswamy Temple, north west side, about 1.5 km from the Irinjalakuda municipal bus stand, a famous and oldest temple of Irinjalakuda A prominent Kerala mathematician-astronomer Madhava who founded the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics was from Sangamagrama, a town in medieval Kerala believed to be the town of Irinjalakuda. Nagapattinam Chandrashekhara Vasanthakokilam a carnatic singer and actress, was born as Kamakshi in Irinjalakkuda, Cochin State of British India, the present Kerala In the 18th century, the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin, Sakthan Thampuran, brought four Christian families for improving commerce and trade to the place known as'Chanthappura' in Irinjalakuda. Economic development took place and Kochi Divan Shanmughan Chetty constructed a canal link known as'Shanmugham Canal'
Thiruvananthapuram known by its former name Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the most populous city in Kerala with a population of 957,730 as of 2011; the encompassing urban agglomeration population is around 1.68 million. Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland, Thiruvananthapuram is a major Information Technology hub in Kerala and contributes 55% of the state's software exports as of 2016. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the "Evergreen city of India", the city is characterised by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills; the Ays ruled the present region of Thiruvananthapuram until the 10th century. With their fall in the 10th century, the city was taken over by the Chera dynasty; the city was taken over by the Kingdom of Venad in the 12th century. In the 17th century the king Marthanda Varma expanded the territory and founded the princely state of Travancore and Thiruvananthapuram was made capital of Travancore. Following India's independence in 1947, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of Travancore-Cochin state and remained capital when the new Indian state of Kerala was formed in 1956.
Thiruvananthapuram is a notable academic and research hub and is home to the University of Kerala, Kerala Technological University the regional headquarters of Indira Gandhi National Open University, many other schools and colleges. Thiruvananthapuram is home to research centers such as the National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Indian Space Research Organisation's Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, a campus of the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research; the city is home to media institutions like Toonz India Ltd and Tata Elxsi Ltd, is home to Chitranjali Film Studio, one of the first film studios in Malayalam Cinema, Kinfra Film and Video Park at Kazhakoottom, India's first Infotainment Industrial park. Being India's largest city in the deep south, it is strategically prominent and hosts the Southern Air Command headquarters of the Indian Air Force, the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station and the upcoming Vizhinjam International Seaport.
Thiruvananthapuram is a major tourist centre, known for the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, the beaches of Kovalam and Varkala, the backwaters of Poovar and Anchuthengu and its Western Ghats tracts of Ponmudi and the Agastyamala. In 2012, Thiruvananthapuram was named the best Kerala city to live in, by a field survey conducted by The Times of India. In 2013, the city was ranked the fifteenth best city to live in India, in a survey conducted by India Today; the city was selected as the best-governed city in India in the survey conducted by Janaagraha Centre for citizenship and democracy in 2017. The city takes its name from the Malayalam word thiru-anantha-puram IPA:, meaning "The City of Lord Ananta", referring to the deity of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple located in the city. Thiruvananthapuram is known in the literature, popular reference as Ananthapuri derived from the Sanskrit word Syanandurapuram, meaning "The City of Bliss" in Carnatic kirtanas composed by Swathi Thirunal, erstwhile Maharaja of Travancore.
The city was referred to as Trivandrum until 1991, when the government decided to reinstate the city's original name Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient region with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BCE, it is believed that the ships of King Solomon landed in a port called Ophir in Thiruvananthapuram in 1036 BCE. The city was the trading post of spices and ivory. However, the ancient political and cultural history of the city was entirely independent from that of the rest of Kerala; the early rulers of the city were the Ays. Vizhinjam, now a region in the present-day Thiruvananthapuram, was the capital of Ay dynasty. Vizhinjam was an important port city from as early as 2nd century BC. During the Ay dynasty rule, Thiruvananthapuram witnessed many battles in which the Chola and Pandyan dynasties attempted to capture the port town. After the death of king Vikramaditya Varaguna in 925 AD, the glory of the Ays departed and all their territories became part of the Chera dynasty.
During the 10th century, the Cholas sacked Vizhinjam and surrounding regions. The port in Vizhinjam and the historic education center of Kanthalloor Sala was destroyed by Cholas during this period. A branch of the Ay family, controlling the Padmanabhaswamy Temple, merged with the Kingdom of Venad in the 12th century. In the late 17th century, Marthanda Varma who inherited the Kingdom of Venad expanded the kingdom by conquering kingdoms of Attingal, Kayamkulam, Kottayam, Meenachil and Ambalapuzha. In 1729, Marthanda Varma founded the princely state of Thiruvithamkoor and Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital in 1745 after shifting the capital from Padmanabhapuram in Kanyakumari district; the kingdom of Travancore was dedicated by Marthanda Varma to the deity Sri. Padmanabha; the rulers of Travancore ruled the kingdom as the servants of Sri. Padmanabha; the city developed into a significant artistic centre during this period. The golden age in the city's history was during the mid 19th century under the reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Maharaja Ayilyam Thirunal.
This era saw the establishment of the first English school, the Observatory, the General Hospital, the Oriental Research Institute & Manuscripts Library and the University College. The first mental hospital in the state was started during the same period. Sanskrit College, Ayurveda Co
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Drama
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Drama is given below
Nala, a character in Hindu mythology, is the king of Nishadha Kingdom and the son of Veerasena. Nala is known for his skill with horses and culinary expertise, he marries princess Damayanti, of Vidarbha Kingdom, their story is told in the Mahabharata. His main weakness is gambling, he is possessed by the demon Kali. He was a great cook, wrote the first book on cookery, Pakadarpanam. According to 12th century text Nishadha Charita, one of the five mahakavyas in the canon of Sanskrit literature, written by Sriharsha, King of Nishadha, was chosen by Damayanti as her husband in the swayamvara, a function in which the bride selects her husband from among the invitees, in preference to the gods who came to marry her. All the gods left the place praising blessing the couple, but the demon Kali, on hearing everything from returning gods, in wrath, vowed to doom the life of Damayanti, since she has chosen a mortal disregarding them. She vowed to divert Nala from the path of Dharma, or path of righteousness and virtue, to separate Nala and Damayanti.
Such was the purity of Nala that it took twelve years for Kali to find a small fault in him and bewitch his soul. After being influenced by evil, Nala played a game of dice with his brother Pushkara and gambled away his wealth and the kingdom to him. Before departing, Damayanti sent her children to her father kingdom with a charioteer. Pushkara put penalty on citizen whoever will show sympathy for them, so they had to live in forest. Nala, under the influence of Kali, went away, while she was sleeping. In the forest, he saved Karkotaka Naga from a fire; the Karkotaka Naga with its poison transformed Nala into an ugly dwarf named Bahuka and advised him to serve King Rituparna of Ayodhya. He gave Nala a magic garment which would restore him to his original form. Nala served him as both charioteer and cook. Meanwhile, Damayanti when finding her lord not there went ahead in search of him. In her travel, she faced snake, met ascetics who comforted her, merchant travelers, her aunt, queen of a kingdom, at last managed to reach her father kingdom.
She made declaration of reward. One of her scout on return told her about a charioteer named Vahuka in a kingdom far from their. Damayanti sent a riddle to Rituparna to confirm Nala's presence. On hearing that Damayanti was going to marry another husband, Vahuka took Rituparna and drove the chariot fast, he set out for Vidarbha from Ayodhya. During the journey, Kali comes out from his body, asks for forgiveness from fear of being cursed. Nala forgives him, in few hours reached Bhima's kingdom. Damayanti through her servent help found that charioteer name Vahuka is her Nala and called him to her apartment. Both recognizes each other and Nala takes his original form. Knowing Rituparna proficiency at dice and number, Nala exchanges his charioteer skill for latter knowledge at dice, he set out for regaining his kingdom from his brother hands. Reaching there he challenged Pushkara for a match either at dice or single combat. Nala putted at stake all wealth he earned from his father in law and his wife for latter kingdom.
From desire of gaining his beautiful wife, addressed by Nala, sure of his own success, accepted rematch in dice, in which he lost, as a slave. But Nala,then forgiving him for his act, gave him his kingdom back as being of same blood. After undergoing four years of hardships, in spite of which Nala never deviated from the path of righteousness, he overcame the influence of Kali and regained his kingdom by defeating Pushkara in a rematch. Nala and Damayanti were reunited and lived thereafter. Kali offered Nala a boon. Nala sought the boon that whoever read his story would not be unduly affected by the malefic effects of Kali. Nala and Damayanti had two children: a boy named Indrasena, a girl named Indrasena. Norman Mosley Penzer translated the tale of Nala and Damayanti in 1926; the story of Nala and Damayanti has introduced students to the study of Sanskrit since at least the early 19th century, when Franz Bopp published an introductory text Nalus, carmen sanscritum e Mahabharato edidit, Latine vertit, et adnotationi illustravit, Franciscus Bopp.
The American Sanskrit scholar Charles Rockwell Lanman used the story of Nala and Damayanti as the first text in his introductory A Sanskrit Reader: Text and Vocabulary and Notes. The Story of Nal and Damayanti in Bhakti and Sufism AccountsJours d'amour et d'épreuve, l'histoire du roi Nala, pièce de Kathakali de Unnâyi Vâriyar, traduction du malayâlam, introduction et notes par Dominique Vitalyos, Connaissance de l'Orient, 1995. Dallapiccola, Anna Libera. Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-51088-9. Doniger, Wendy. "Chapter 3: Nala and Damayanti and Penelope". Splitting the Difference: Gender and Myth in Ancient Greece and India. University of Chicago Press. Pp. 133–204. ISBN 978-0-226-15640-8. Hindi Story of Nal Damyanti at ajabgjab.com
The Vayalar Award is given for the best literary work in Malayalam. The award was instituted in 1977 by the Vayalar Ramavarma Memorial Trust in memory of the poet and lyricist Vayalar Ramavarma. A sum of ₹25,000, a silver plate and certificate constitutes the award originally. Now it is raised to a sum of ₹1,00,000, it is presented each year on the death anniversary of Vayalar Ramavarma. List of Malayalam literary awards
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Literary Criticism
Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award is given each year by the Kerala Sahitya Akademi, to Malayalam writers for their outstanding books of literary merit. The awards are given in various categories including Poetry, Story, Literary criticism, Biography - autobiography, Humour, Children's literature etc; the list of writers who have won the award for Literary Criticism is given below