Anboto is a limestone mountain of the Western Basque Country, the highest peak of the Urkiola range and not far from the Urkiola mountain pass between Durango and Vitoria-Gasteiz. An immense mass of limestone compact and of gray color, the mountain contains fossil remnants of massive prehistoric corals and large seashells; the north face has impressive 1,000 m high cliffs, towering over the valley of Atxondo. The south face descends more smoothly toward the pass of Urkiolamendi, with less unevenness and by way of which the most popular routes of ascent to the summit are opened, its ascent, which can be carried out on any of its faces, requires in all cases certain care when passing next to the cliffs. The Anboto is one of the most known and most characteristic summits of Biscay and of the Basque Country. On its summit there is a geodesic vertex of second order. Anboto has always been related to mythology. In a cave close to its summit, the legend tells us that Mari the Lady of Anboto has her main dwelling.
Legend says that it is usual to see her in the mouth of the cave, on days of good weather, combing her pretty blond hair with a comb of gold in the sunshine. It is not rare either to see her spend nights as a great ball of fire in the sky above Anboto or toward other places of the Basque Country where she possesses dwellings like the nearby Oiz or Aizkorri. Depending on where she is found there will be bad weather. Anboto can be reached from a great number of places. From the north it is a 1,000 m ascent from the Atxondo valley. From Urkiolamendi the road begins at the famous sanctuary of San Antonio. From the valley of Atxarte begins the complete ascent of the crests, long but simple along Alluitz and Anboto. From Otxandio or Aramaio, stopping at the extensive and grassy hillock of Zabalaundi, where we sample one of Anboto's more captivating images, being able to climb here directly to the top passing near the caves of the Lady of Amboto and the Eye of Eskilar; the most popular way consists of leaving from Urkiolamendi pass, to flank Mount Urkiolamendi arriving at Asuntze climbing right under the summit, to the hillock Pagozelai ascending its stony slopes to the hillock of Agindi just west of the summit.
The North face is a rocky 1,000 m climb that requires some rock climbing and can be dangerous in bad weather conditions or ice. Climbing Times: Urkiolamendi. Atxarte. Atxarte. Aramaio. Arrazola. Arrazola. Mendikat Web sobre Amboto Las montañas
A normal route or normal way is the most used route for ascending and descending a mountain peak. It is the simplest route. In the Alps, routes are classed in the following ways, based on their waymarking and upkeep: Footpaths Hiking trails Mountain trails Alpine routes Climbing routes and High Alpine routes in combined rock and ice terrain, graded by difficultySometimes the normal route is not the easiest ascent to the summit, but just the one, most used. There may be technically easier variations; this is the case on the Watzmannfrau, the Hochkalter and Mount Everest. There may be many reasons these easier options are less well-used: the simplest route is less well known than the normal route; the technically easiest route is more arduous than another and is therefore used on the descent. The technically easiest route carries a much higher risk of e.g. rockfalls or avalanche and is therefore avoided in favour of a more difficult route. The technically easier route requires a complicated or long approach march, or all access may be banned via one country.
The term tourist route may sometimes be applied by those wishing to suggest that other routes up a mountain are somehow more "worthy". This belittling of the "normal route" therefore maintains a distinction between those perceiving themselves as serious mountaineers who disparage the incursion of tourist climbers into their domain
Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha. Oryctolagus cuniculus includes the European rabbit species and its descendants, the world's 305 breeds of domestic rabbit. Sylvilagus includes 13 wild rabbit species, among them the 7 types of cottontail; the European rabbit, introduced on every continent except Antarctica, is familiar throughout the world as a wild prey animal and as a domesticated form of livestock and pet. With its widespread effect on ecologies and cultures, the rabbit is, in many areas of the world, a part of daily life—as food, clothing, a companion, as a source of artistic inspiration. Male rabbits are called bucks. An older term for an adult rabbit is coney. Another term for a young rabbit is bunny, though this term is applied informally to rabbits especially domestic ones. More the term kit or kitten has been used to refer to a young rabbit. A group of rabbits is known as a nest. A group of baby rabbits produced from a single mating is referred to as a litter, a group of domestic rabbits living together is sometimes called a herd.
Rabbits and hares were classified in the order Rodentia until 1912, when they were moved into a new order, Lagomorpha. Below are some of the species of the rabbit. Order Lagomorpha Family Leporidae Hares are precocial, born mature and mobile with hair and good vision, while rabbits are altricial, born hairless and blind, requiring closer care. Hares live a solitary life in a simple nest above the ground, while most rabbits live in social groups underground in burrows or warrens. Hares are larger than rabbits, with ears that are more elongated, with hind legs that are larger and longer. Hares have not been domesticated, while descendants of the European rabbit are bred as livestock and kept as pets. Rabbits have long been domesticated. Beginning in the Middle Ages, the European rabbit has been kept as livestock, starting in ancient Rome. Selective breeding has generated a wide variety of rabbit breeds, many of which are kept as pets; some strains of rabbit have been bred as research subjects. As livestock, rabbits are bred for their fur.
The earliest breeds were important sources of meat, so became larger than wild rabbits, but domestic rabbits in modern times range in size from dwarf to giant. Rabbit fur, prized for its softness, can be found in a broad range of coat colors and patterns, as well as lengths; the Angora rabbit breed, for example, was developed for its long, silky fur, hand-spun into yarn. Other domestic rabbit breeds have been developed for the commercial fur trade, including the Rex, which has a short plush coat; because the rabbit's epiglottis is engaged over the soft palate except when swallowing, the rabbit is an obligate nasal breather. Rabbits have two sets of one behind the other; this way they can be distinguished from rodents, with which they are confused. Carl Linnaeus grouped rabbits and rodents under the class Glires. However, recent DNA analysis and the discovery of a common ancestor has supported the view that they do share a common lineage, thus rabbits and rodents are now referred to together as members of the superorder Glires.
Since speed and agility are a rabbit's main defenses against predators, rabbits have large hind leg bones and well developed musculature. Though plantigrade at rest, rabbits are on their toes while running, assuming a more digitigrade form. Rabbits use their strong claws for defense; each front foot has four toes plus a dewclaw. Each hind foot has four toes. Most wild rabbits have full, egg-shaped bodies; the soft coat of the wild rabbit is agouti in coloration. The tail of the rabbit is dark on white below. Cottontails have white on the top of their tails; as a result of the position of the eyes in its skull, the rabbit has a field of vision that encompasses nearly 360 degrees, with just a small blind spot at the bridge of the nose. The anatomy of rabbits' hind limbs are structurally similar to that of other land mammals and contribute to their specialized form of locomotion; the Bones of the hind limbs consist of long bones as well as short bones. These bones are created through endochondral ossification during development.
Like most land mammals, the round head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the ox coxae. The femur articulates with the tibia, but not the fibula, fused to the tibia; the tibia and fibula articulate with the tarsals of the pes called the foot. The hind limbs of the rabbit are longer than the front limbs; this allows them to produce their hopping form of locomotion. Longer hind limbs are more capable of producing faster speeds. Hares, which have longer legs than cottontail rabbits, are able to move faster. Rabbits stay just on their toes; the hind feet have four long toes that allow for this and are webbed to prevent them from spreading when hopping. Rabbits do not have paw
Mañaria is an elizate and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the Basque Country, Spain. Mañaria is part of the comarca of Durangaldea and has a population of 459 inhabitants as of 2006 according to the Spanish National Statistics Institute; as happens with most of the elizates, little is known about the early history of the town and its foundation. Prehistoric deposits of Magdalenian and Neolithic origin have been found in the caves of Silibranka and Atxuri, among others. A Visigoth liturgical vase of the 7th Century has been found. Mañaria was part of the merindad of Durango, it had voice and right to vote in the Juntas of Guerendiaga, where it occupied the seat number four. On the 18th Century the construction of the Royal Road connecting the city of Vitoria with the coast of Biscay going through Urkiola meant the realignment of the town's location, making it the central axis of the municipality. Since mid 18th Century and during the entire 19th Century, Mañaria lived a period of splendor because of the exploitation of its quarries.
The church is extended, the school, the Basque pelota fronton, the tower of the clock and the cemetery are built. Mañaria is located in the southeastern part of the province of Biscay, located in northern Spain, it limits at north with the municipalities of Izurtza and Durango, at west with Dima and at east and south with Abadiño. Mañaria is surrounded by mountains. Other important mountains that surround the municipality are the Saibi; the road BI-623 that connects Durango with Vitoria-Gasteiz crosses the city from north to south before ascending to Urkiola. More than 70% of the territory of the municipality is part of the Urkiola Natural Park; the valley is formed by the Mañaria River that originates in the hillsides of the mountains that surround it. This river joins the Ibaizabal river; the economy of the municipality is based on industry. The primary sector is based on the exploitation of resources as limestone and marble in quarries, being this the main economical activity of the municipality.
Some small farming activities are present. The secondary sector is based on the metallurgical transformation. Most of the industries are located in the deeper area of the valley, it is non-existent due the proximity of bigger cities, as Durango or Bilbao, where most of the services are located. The transportation is based on road transportation by the BI-623 road, which connects the town with Durango, the capital city of the comarca of Durangaldea and 5 km away; the same road by south connects the town with Urkiola and from there to Otxandio and the province of Álava. In Durango, the road is connected to the National Road N-634 and the highway AP-8 to Bilbao and Donostia-San Sebastián. Durango, Biscay Durangaldea MAÑARIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Aitz Txiki is a peak of Biscay, Basque Country, 791 m. high. Its name means "small rock" aitz=rock txiki=small, it is the smallest peak of the Urkiola range, forms part of the same limestone mass that forms the Anboto and the Alluitz. Although it is the smallest one, it has the same rough and wild look, specially when viewed from the Atxarte pass that separatest the mountain from the neighbouring Untxillaitz, it has a double summit, highest is Aitz Txiki and the lower one is Artxua or Sorginkobetagana. It is rough and difficult from all sides except the one faced to Atxarte,that is the main access route. There are remains of a castle, used to watch the Atxarte pass; the main rock climbing ways of Biscay's climbing school are in its slopes. From Atxarte. From the Zelaieta parish of Abadiano goes the road to Mendiola until the Atxarte pass the river is crossed and the route reaches the col of Asuntze soon left to reach the col of Artola. From there the proper ascent to Aitz Txiki begins without major difficulties through steep meadows.
From Axpe. The path goes just from here impressive views of the Alluitz can be enjoyed. A new path to the right leads to the col of Artola from. Astxiki at wikineos Mendikat Las montañas
Mugarra is a peak of Biscay, Basque Country, 936 m high, belonging to the Aramotz massif. The Aramotz massif is in the western limit of the Urkiola range. Mugarra continues the line of the Anboto, Aitz Txiki and Untxillaitz and is the eastern limit of the Aramotz massif. Huge limestone rock where fossil rests of seashell can be found; the southern face forms a 300 m high cliff over the col of Mugarrekolanda. In this cliff have their nests the majority of the vulture couples of Urkiola; the northern face, facing Durango, is steep but does not form a cliff, it is covered by beeches and Cantabrian Holm Oaks. The crest of Mugarra has many rock climbing ways, but climbing is not permitted to avoid disrupting of the vultures' habitat; this limestone crest is being consumed by a great quarry that causes irreparable damage to the mountain and is bordering the protected area. In Mañaria, a good path reaches the Mugarrekolanda col. From the col an easy route leads to the summit from the west, it is possible from there to access the eastern part of the crest through the break of Atxurkulu.
The ascent takes 2h.. Source: Mendikat Mugarra at wikineos Mendikat Las montañas
Urkiola is a mountain range of the Basque mountains in Biscay near Durango, in the western Basque Country, Spain. The highest mountain in the range is Anboto; the range runs from west to east and forms the water divide between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean basins. It was declared natural park on 29 December 1989 prompted by the Basque government's determination to protect the diversity of wildlife and flora it harbours. In the center of this natural park is a church called Santuario de Urkiola; this is the church of both Saint Antonio Saint Anthony of Padua. It visited Basque churches. Basque mythology is present in this natural park. Tradition holds that a cave perched on eastern side of the Anboto mountain holds the abode of Basque goddess Mari, it is formed by several limestone massifs, from west to east: Sierra de Aramotz Ezkubaratz Mugarra At this point of the range the Urkiolamendi pass breaks through it at a height of 711 m, where a sanctuary was built. Untxillaitz Aitz Txiki Alluitz Anboto To the south of the limestone peaks are two round shaped mounts, called Saibigain and Urkiolamendi.
The entire area is enclosed in the Urkiola Natural Park, created by the Basque government to preserve this rich natural area known as Little Switzerland. The closeness to Bilbao and easy access through Urkiolamendi pass attract many tourists and hikers all year round. There is evidence; some archaeologists found pieces of ceramic in the coast, near the ruins of a Roman village. Above these ruins now exists a Basque village called Forua, a name that comes from "foro". In Mañaria archaeologist have found a lot of evidence that Visigoths used to live in that part of the mountain range; this could happen due to the fights. Some tablets have been found in proof of Christian presence in the valleys. In the Middle Ages pastoral activity was common in the mountains and there were a lot of villages in the valleys. There were no people living on the top of the mountains, but there was a military base on the "Aitz txiki" mountain. There were a lot of churches in Urkiola in the 10th century. One of the most important pieces of evidence of, a letter from the king of Pamplona Nájera Gárcia Sánchez who says that the churches of Durango are allowed.
There are more letters of some abbots of churches like the one, in Abadiano. Urkiola Natural Park Urkiola Natural Park at wikineos