Jeannette Pickering Rankin was an American politician and womens rights advocate, and the first woman to hold national office in the United States. She was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives by the state of Montana in 1916, each of Rankins Congressional terms coincided with initiation of U. S. military intervention in each of the two world wars. She championed the causes of equality and civil rights throughout a career that spanned more than six decades. She was the eldest of six children, including five girls and one brother, who would become the states attorney general, and later, an associate justice of the Montana Supreme Court. As an adolescent, Rankin cleaned and helped care for her siblings, in addition to sharing in the outdoor work. She helped maintain the machinery, and once single-handedly built a wooden sidewalk for a building owned by her father so that it could be rented. Rankin graduated from school in 1898, and from the University of Montana in 1902 with a Bachelor of Science degree in biology.
With no clear career ambitions, she first tried dressmaking in Missoula, and furniture design in Boston and she turned down several marriage proposals. At the age of 28, Rankin moved to San Francisco to take a job in social work, confident that she had found her calling, she enrolled in the New York School of Philanthropy in New York City from 1908 to 1909. She moved to Spokane, Washington where, after serving as a social worker, she attended the University of Washington. She helped organize the New York Womens Suffrage Party and worked as a lobbyist for the National American Woman Suffrage Association, in November 1910, Washington voters approved an amendment to their state constitution permanently enfranchising women, the fifth state in the Union to do so. In February 1911, Rankin became the first woman to speak before the Montana legislature, in November 1914, Montana passed a similar amendment granting women unrestricted voting rights. Rankin compared her work in the suffrage movement to the pacifist foreign policy that defined her congressional career.
She believed, with many suffragists of the period, that the corruption and dysfunction of the United States government was a result of a lack of feminine participation, as she said at a disarmament conference in the interwar period, The peace problem is a womans problem. The campaign involved traveling long distances to reach the states widely scattered population, Rankin rallied support at train stations, street corners, potluck suppers on ranches, and remote one-room schoolhouses. She was elected on November 7, by over 7,500 votes, shortly after her term began, Congress was called into an extraordinary April session in response to Germanys declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare on all Atlantic shipping. On April 2,1917, President Woodrow Wilson, addressing a joint session, after intense debate, the war resolution came to a vote in the House at 3 oclock in the morning on April 7, Rankin cast one of fifty votes in opposition. I wish to stand for my country, she said, but I cannot vote for war, years later, she would add, I felt the first time the first woman had a chance to say no to war, she should say it
The Montana Kaimin is the University of Montanas student-run independent newspaper located in Missoula, Montana. The paper is printed once a week, with editions printed occasionally. The current editor-in-chief is Kate Shea, the newspaper is divided into five sections, including news, outdoors and culture, and opinion, and is printed in color. The name Kaimin is derived from a Salish Indian word and means something written or a message, the Kaimin has been in publication since 1898 and the first issue sold for 15 cents. Charles Pixley was the first editor of the Kaimin, the monthly publication combined artful literary styling of student writers with colorful gossip of campus life. From June 1898 until 1900, the Kaimin was formatted as a monthly magazine, the first weekly edition of the paper was printed in September 1900. In March 1927, the Kaimin began printing twice a week, the publication changed to daily printing beginning March 1938, and did so until World War II. Throughout the Great Depression, the Kaimin only mentioned it twice, the first was in 1932 when the football team lost money. A reason cited was the economic depression.
The Kaimin mentioned the depression when it reported in 1933 that UM professors questioned President Franklin Roosevelts decision to have a national banking holiday, in 1938, the Kaimin changed physical location. It moved from the known as The Shack. The building was built to house Student Army Training Corps during World War I, the Shack proved to be an inefficient facility for the newspaper, so it moved into the newly constructed journalism building. Throughout World War II, the staff consisted mostly of women, both the newspaper and the university supported the war, but both felt the wars effect with shrinking enrollment and budget. The war caused the Kaimin to scale back its production and to revert to publishing the paper twice a week and this continued until January 1948, when daily publishing Tuesday through Friday resumed. Because campus and paper were predominantly female during the war, much of the Kaimins news focused on women, a regular column, Women in the News, ran in 1945. As enrollment rose, the budget for paper became bigger and the Publication Board voted unanimously to increase the salaries for Kaimin employees, the editors salary increased from $35 a month to $70.
Carroll OConnor, to become televisions Archie Bunker, and Bill Smurr resigned their jobs in protest. On January 17,1950, the Kaimin was linked to the United Press International Teletype, in 1952, a letter to the editor claimed the Kaimin was being run by the journalism faculty and not by journalism students
Montana State University
Montana State University is a land-grant university located in Bozeman, United States. It is the states largest university and primary campus in the Montana State University System, MSU offers baccalaureate degrees in 51 fields, masters degrees in 41 fields, and doctoral degrees in 18 fields through its nine colleges. More than 16,400 students attend MSU, and the university faculty numbers, the universitys main campus in Bozeman is home to KUSM television, KGLT radio, and the Museum of the Rockies. MSU provides outreach services to citizens and communities statewide through its eight Agricultural Experiment Stations and 60 county, Montana became a state on November 8,1889. Several cities competed intensely to be the capital, the city of Bozeman among them. In time, the city of Helena was named the state capital, as a consolation, the state legislature agreed to put the states land-grant college in Bozeman. Gallatin County rancher and businessman Nelson Story, Sr. had agreed to donate about 160 acres for the site of the state capital and this land, as well as additional property and monetary contributions, was now turned over to the state for the new college.
MSU was founded in 1893 as the Agricultural College of the State of Montana and it opened on February 16 with five male and three female students. The first classes were held in rooms in the county high school, the first students were from Bozeman Academy, and were forced to transfer to the college. Only two faculty existed on opening day, Luther Foster, a horticulturalist from South Dakota who was Acting President, and Homer G. Phelps, within weeks, they were joined by S. M. Augustus M. Ryon, a mine owner, was named the first president of the college on April 17,1893. Ryon immediately clashed with the board of trustees and faculty, where the trustees wanted the college to focus on agriculture, Ryon pointed out that few of its students intended to go back to farming. While the rapidly expanding faculty wanted to establish an education program to assist unprepared undergraduates. The college grew quickly under Reid, who provided 10 years of stability, the student body grew so fast that the high school building was completely taken over by the college.
A vacant store on Main Street was rented to provide classroom space. Both the Agricultural Experiment Station and the Main Building were constructed in 1896, both structures were occupied in 1898. The university football team was established in 1897, and the college graduated its first four students that same year, the curriculum expanded into civil and electrical engineering in 1898. Reid resigned for health reasons in 1905, and was succeeded by Dr. James M. Hamilton, determined to make the college into a school of technology, he rapidly expanded the curriculum areas such as biology, engineering and physics
University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band
The University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band is the school band of the University of Montana. As of 2015, the band had about 140 members, the band was started in the late 1800s. It largely specializes in contemporary corps-style outdoor marching, playing at home game. The group travels to several games in the Northwest and has accompanied the football team to four Division I-AA National Championships. In addition to the entertainment, it makes several appearances in the community each season. University of Montana Grizzly Marching Band website Videos of Grizzly Marching Band in 2008 season
A composer is a person who creates or writes music, which can be vocal music, instrumental music or music which combines both instruments and voices. The core meaning of the term refers to individuals who have contributed to the tradition of Western classical music through creation of works expressed in written musical notation, many composers are skilled performers, either as singers, and/or conductors. Examples of composers who are well known for their ability as performers include J. S. Bach, Mozart. In many popular genres, such as rock and country. For a singer or instrumental performer, the process of deciding how to perform music that has previously composed and notated is termed interpretation. Different performers interpretations of the work of music can vary widely, in terms of the tempos that are chosen. Composers and songwriters who present their own music are interpreting, just as much as those who perform the music of others, although a musical composition often has a single author, this is not always the case. A piece of music can be composed with words, images, or, in the 20th and 21st century, a culture eventually developed whereby faithfulness to the composers written intention came to be highly valued.
This musical culture is almost certainly related to the esteem in which the leading classical composers are often held by performers. The movement might be considered a way of creating greater faithfulness to the original in works composed at a time that expected performers to improvise. In Classical music, the composer typically orchestrates her own compositions, in some cases, a pop songwriter may not use notation at all, and instead compose the song in her mind and play or record it from memory. In jazz and popular music, notable recordings by influential performers are given the weight that written scores play in classical music. The level of distinction between composers and other musicians varies, which issues such as copyright and the deference given to individual interpretations of a particular piece of music. In the development of European classical music, the function of composing music initially did not have greater importance than that of performing it. The preservation of individual compositions did not receive attention and musicians generally had no qualms about modifying compositions for performance.
In as much as the role of the composer in western art music has seen continued solidification, for instance, in certain contexts the line between composer and performer, sound designer, arranger and other roles, can be quite blurred. The term composer is often used to refer to composers of music, such as those found in classical, jazz or other forms of art. In popular and folk music, the composer is usually called a songwriter and this is distinct from a 19th-century conception of instrumental composition, where the work was represented solely by a musical score to be interpreted by performers
University of Montana School of Journalism
The University of Montana School of Journalism is located at the University of Montana in Missoula, and is one of the oldest accredited journalism programs in the United States. The next journalism building was completed in 1936, in June 2007, the journalism program relocated again to the newly constructed Don Anderson Hall. The University of Montanas Masters program in Environmental Science and Natural Resource Journalism was created in 2010, the program was announced less than a month after Columbia University, in New York City, suspended their Earth and Environmental Science Journalism dual masters degree program. Applications are only accepted for fall semester, the application deadline is February 15. The two year interdisciplinary program requires course work in journalism and hard sciences. The program trains students to communicate environmental issues through various platforms such as print and photo stories, multimedia projects. The program is based on a total of 36 credits, graduate level journalism courses consist of 18 credits, while 12 credits must be earned in non-journalism graduate courses in environmental sciences.
The programs website explains how the externship works and they shadow company executives and contribute to research, but they dont help develop publications or write press releases. Graduate students are required to produce a professional project, the project is an in-depth story covering an environmental science or natural resource issue. The project may be one large, documentary style piece or a series of thematically related stories. The topic is subjected to approval by the project committee. The Montana Kaimin became a newspaper in 1938, allowing students to hone their journalism skills in a real-world environment. Likewise, the radio station KBGA provides opportunities for students in broadcast journalism. The school and its students/alumni have achieved significant national in international success, three Rhodes Scholars The first woman to win an Ernie Pyle award. One recipient of a Freedom Forum Journalism Professor of the Year Award, well-known alumni include, A. B. Guthrie Dorothy M.
Johnson Carroll OConnor Clarence Streit