Cusseta /kəˈsiːdə/ is a town in Chambers County, United States. Situated between Opelika and Lanett, it was named for the ancient Creek Indian town of Cusseta; as of the 2010 census, its population was 123. Pat Garrett, the lawman famed for killing the outlaw Billy the Kid, was born near Cusseta in 1850; the community was believed to be unincorporated until 2006, when rediscovered documents indicated that Cusseta had been incorporated as a city in 1853. As the community diminished in size over the years, its status was forgotten. In April, 2007, a petition by a majority of the citizens of Cusseta was granted by the Probate Judge of Chambers County, it was re-instated as a town in 2010; the judge named a mayor and five council members to the first town council, for two-year terms. That council met for the first time on April 30, 2007, in an old one-room schoolhouse located under the oak tree at the center of Cusseta; the town limits extend in a one-mile radius from the railroad crossroads beside the schoolhouse.
Gold Hill, Alabama
Gold Hill known as Goldhill, Gold Mine, or Gold Ridge, is an unincorporated community north-centrally located in Lee County, United States, just a few hundred feet south of the Chambers County line. It is part of Georgia-Alabama Metropolitan Area. Today, Gold Hill lies in the corporate limits of Auburn. Gold Hill was settled in the 1830s, and—despite being in the southern reaches of the territory mined for gold in the 1840s Alabama Gold Rush—was not named for the mineral, but rather for an early settler named Goldsmith. In the 1870s, Gold Hill received a second name, Gold Ridge, after confusion between the railroad stops at Gold Hill and nearby Camp Hill led the postal administration to rename the Gold Hill post office. Despite being "officially" considered Gold Ridge by the United States Postal Service and the railroad, residents have always considered the community to be only Gold Hill. Gold Hill is the location of "Roamer's Roost", the home of epilepsy scientist William P. Spratling and his son, silversmith William Spratling.
A post office operated under the name Gold Hill from 1837 to 1967. There was an old barn in Gold Hill, it was located adjacent to the railroad crossing on Alabama State Route 147. The building was served as the community's general store. During most of its history, the barn which housed the general store was connected to about 4,200 acres of farmland; the store, the farms that surrounded it operated much in the same way all the way up until the 1940s. Following The Great Migration, many of the field laborers left the area to begin new lives in northern cities such as Detroit and Buffalo; this left the community a shell of its former self. The store closed down and the mail trains didn't make stops in "Gold Ridge" anymore. Despite this, the barn stood as Gold Hill's most recognizable landmark until it was torn down in 2010. Nunn, Alexander. Lee County and Her Forebears. Montgomery, Ala. Herff Jones. LCCCN 83-081693 Williams, Ed. "A Visit to Gold Hill, Alabama." Ed Williams' Homepage. 8 August 2003. Auburn University.
20 March 2007
U.S. Route 80
U. S. Route 80 is an east-west United States Numbered Highway, much of, once part of the early auto trail known as the Dixie Overland Highway; as the "0" in the route number indicates, it was a cross-country route, from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean. Its original western terminus was in California. However, the entire segment west of Dallas, has been decommissioned in favor of various Interstate Highways and state highways; the highway's western terminus is at an interchange with Interstate 30 on the Dallas–Mesquite, Texas city line. The highway's eastern terminus is in Tybee Island, Georgia, at the intersection of Butler Avenue, Inlet Avenue, Tybrisa Street, near the Atlantic Ocean. Modern US 80 begins as a significant component of the urban freeway system of Texas. With Spur 557, it serves as the shortest freeway route from the central and northern portions of Dallas to I-20, heading east towards Shreveport, Louisiana. From its origin at I-30 in eastern Dallas, through its interchange with the I-635 "LBJ" Loop, to its junction with I-20 southwest of Terrell, US 80/Spur 557 is a full Interstate-grade, limited-access freeway.
In western Terrell, US 80 leaves the freeway, which continues southeast as Spur 557 to I-20, while US 80 runs north of I-20 through a number of small towns and cities, including Terrell, Mineola and Marshall. It rejoins I-20 for about five miles, before splitting to pass through downtown Waskom before crossing into Louisiana. US 80 is parallel to the newer I-20, which has supplanted it as a long-distance route, for the entirety of its length in Louisiana; the highway crosses the state line from Texas into Caddo Parish as a two-lane road and crosses over to the south of I-20 without connecting with the freeway. It passes through the town of Greenwood where it meets US 79 coming north from Texas, these two routes run concurrently eastward from there to Minden. US 79/US 80 crosses over I-20 again, this time at an interchange, enters the city of Shreveport as Greenwood Road; the highway passes over I-220 without an interchange and continues east to an intersection with Jefferson Paige Road where it expands to four undivided lanes and enters the main part of the urbanized area.
US 171 ends at US 79/US 80 at the intersection with Hearne Avenue. At this intersection, the road narrows to two through lanes. US 80 intersects I-20 again just east of here. At Mansfield Road, the highway name changes to Texas Avenue and angles northeast through an industrial area; the road skirts the I-20/I-49 interchange and expands to four lanes for its final approach to downtown. At the west edge of downtown, eastbound jogs one block east on Crockett Street and two blocks north on Common Street north to Texas Street. US 79/US 80 passes through downtown Shreveport on Texas Street before crossing the Red River on the 1930s vintage Long–Allen Bridge and entering Bossier City and Bossier Parish. Through Bossier Parish, US 79/US 80 comprises a major urban and suburban arterial carrying a minimum of four lanes. In the eastern reaches of the parish, continuing into Webster Parish, it is a divided highway; the road intersects the east end of I-220 at an interchange. US 79/US 80 stays to the north of I-20, except for a stretch east of Haughton where it strays to the south for a period, skirting the north edge of the Louisiana Army Ammunition Plant.
At Dixie Inn, the highway intersects US 371. In Minden, US 79 continues its northeasterly trajectory toward Arkansas. East of Minden, US 80 crosses to the south of I-20 and serves the Bienville Parish towns of Gibsland and Arcadia. Entering Lincoln Parish, the highway serves Simsboro and Grambling before entering Ruston and overlapping US 167 on a north–south couplet of streets through the business district. US 80 resumes its eastward path on the north side of Ruston and exits the city on East Georgia Avenue. Between Ruston and Monroe the highway serves the small communities of Calhoun. Now on the north side of the interstate, it enters Ouachita Parish and approaches the Monroe area as a two-lane road. US 80 crosses Louisiana Highway 143 and enters West Monroe on Cypress Street, where it continues south into the business district and widens to a four-lane urban arterial. At junction LA 34, US 80 makes a left turn, angling northeast, crosses the Ouachita River, entering the city of Monroe; as Louisville Avenue it passes north of downtown, but the downtown area can be accessed via Business US 165 which intersects US 80 at North 5th/North 6th Street and becomes concurrent from there to the east.
Louisville Avenue becomes a commercialized urban arterial and remains so as it passes through the city curving southwestward and meeting the intersection with Desiard Street. As Desiard Street, US 80 meets mainline US 165, on its expressway bypass alignment, at a diamond interchange. Eastward from there, US 80 passes through suburban areas until it meets LA 139, where it is forced to turn off its four-lane alignment at an intersection which favors LA 139 traffic. Now a two-lane road, US 80 continues east through northeast Louisiana, passing through Richland and Madison parishes and serving the communities and towns of Start, Delhi, Tallulah and Delta. Just west of Delta, US 80 turns off its original route and runs a short distance south to an interchange with I-20; the orig
LaFayette is the county seat of Chambers County, United States, 47 miles northwest of Columbus, Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 3,003. Chambers County was formed in 1832; the newly elected county officials opted to locate the county seat as near as possible to the center of the county. Lots for the new town were auctioned in October 1833, with proceeds from the sale financing the construction of a courthouse and jail; the town was first called "Chambersville", but by the time of incorporation on January 7, 1835, the town name had been changed to "Lafayette", named after the Marquis de Lafayette. The city's newspaper, The LaFayette Sun, was founded under the name The Alabama Standard in April 1841 and adopted its current name on August 3, 1881. Scenes from the movie Mississippi Burning were filmed at the Chambers County Courthouse and in downtown LaFayette. LaFayette is the birthplace of heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis. An 8-foot bronze statue, executed by sculptor Casey Downing Jr. of Mobile, was erected in Louis' honor in front of the Chambers County courthouse.
It is the hometown of Hoyt L. Sherman, one of artist Roy Lichtenstein's principal art professor/mentors at Ohio State University. LaFayette is located at 32°53'54.859" North, 85°24'2.822" West. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles, of which 0.027 square miles, or 0.31%, is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,003 people, 1,129 households, 749 families residing in the city; the population density was 337 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,299 housing units at an average density of 145.9 square miles. The racial makeup of the city was 68.8% Black or African American, 29.3% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races. 1.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,129 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 30.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.7% were non-families.
29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 22.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,319, the median income for a family was $31,629. Males had a median income of $31,842 versus $27,833 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,149. About 28.5% of families and 36.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.2% of those under age 18 and 22.9% of those age 65 or over. The Chambers County School District provides public education for LaFayette. Within the city limits are two high schools, one middle school, one elementary school.
Chambers Academy is a private school in LaFayette. William B. Bowling, U. S. Representative from 1920 to 1928 Dave Butz, former NFL player James R. Dowdell and the 20th Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court from 1909 to 1914 Morris Finley, professional basketball player. Graduated from LaFayette High School. Hal Finney, former Major League Baseball player Lou Finney, former Major League Baseball player Perry Griggs, former Baltimore Colts player James Thomas "Cotton Tom" Heflin, member of the United States House of Representatives and a leading proponent of white supremacy Johnson J. Hooper and humorist Jay Jacobs, athletic director at Auburn University Joe Louis, Heavyweight boxing champion Leon Renfroe Meadows, president of East Carolina University from 1934 to 1944 Arthur W. Mitchell, U. S. Representative from Illinois and first African American to be elected to the United States Congress as a Democrat Gertrude Morgan, missionary, artist and poet who worked in New Orleans in the 1960s and'70s Hoyt L. Sherman, art professor and principal mentor to pop artist Roy Lichtenstein Jimmy Stewart, former Major League Baseball player.
Graduated from LaFayette High School in 1957. James Still, poet and folklorist Mike Williams, former tight end for the Washington Redskins City of LaFayette official website Greater Valley Area Chamber of Commerce Chambers County School District
Loachapoka is a town in Lee County, United States. It is located less than 1/2 mile west of the City of Auburn and 5 miles West of Auburn University, in west-central Lee County; the population was 180 as of the 2010 census. It is part of the Auburn metropolitan area; the name "Loachapoka" means "turtle killing place" in Muskogee, with locha meaning "turtle" and poga meaning "killing place." In literature, Lochapoka was the destination of the colonists in James H. Street's 1940 novel. Loachapoka is the location of the first Rosenwald School. Loachapoka is governed by 5 town council members. However, in the most recent municipal election, no incumbents submitted qualifying paperwork to run for re-election. Therefore, the only citizen that did qualify for the ballot became mayor-elect, as per state law, this was confirmed by the AL Director of Elections; when the mayor-elect brought the issue to light, several town and state officials worked together in a poorly hatched plan to improperly disqualify the only candidate to follow the law for qualification, as referenced in several newspaper articles and audio recordings of town hall meetings.
The corruption portrayed in this series of events reflect a pattern of politics in Alabama, commonplace for many years, as reported in the Harvard Political Review. Loachapoka was a Creek Indian town for some decades prior to white settlement. In the last census prior to the Native removal to Oklahoma, Loachapoka was found to have a population of 564. Upon settlement by Euro-Americans, Loachapoka—temporarily renamed Ball's Fork—became the regional trade center, a position, reinforced in 1845 when it became the easternmost point on the railroad to Montgomery. Loachapoka's influence peaked in the early 1870s, when her population reached nearly 1,300. Within a few years, a collapse of trade due to the Panic of 1873 and additional rail lines in the area sent Loachapoka into economic decline. Loachapoka stabilized as a small farming community by the mid-20th century, by the early 2000s had become a small-town suburb of Auburn. Loachapoka was home to two fall festivals, both held on the same day each fall—the annual Syrup Sopping Day and the Lee County Historical Fair Many fairgoers were not aware of the fact that they are attending two celebrations of area history.
The Syrup Sop featured the making of syrup in traditional methods from ribbon cane. The Historical Fair featured life in the 1850s in east central Alabama; the two festivals were combined into one named Pioneer Day. Combined, the two events attract more than 20,000 people to Loachapoka annually. Loachapoaka is the home town of country music singer Freddie Hart; the Lee County Historical Society Museum is located in an 1845 general store in the Loachapoka historic district, located at "Pioneer Park," a six and-a-half-acre park of 9 buildings and 5 gardens reminiscent of the 1850s in east central Alabama. Loachapoka is located at 32°36′17″N 85°35′49″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all land. Loachapoka has appeared sporadically on census records, it first appeared as a separate community on the 1880 U. S. Census and again in 1890, it did not appear in 1900-1920, although one source said it did incorporate in 1910 with 359 residents, but this is not corroborated by the census of that year.
In 1930, it appeared again, citing it had been incorporated in 1926. However, it failed to appear again in 1940 losing its charter during the 1930s, it did not reincorporate again until 1974. As of the census of 2000, there were 165 people, 69 households, 46 families residing in the town; the population density was 140.2 people per square mile. There were 77 housing units at an average density of 65.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was African American, 38.18 % White and 0.61 % Asian. 0.61 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 69 households out of which 20.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 18.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.81. In the town, the population was spread out with 18.8% under the age of 18, 14.5% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $30,938, the median income for a family was $33,571. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $28,500 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,477. About 9.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 20.0% of those sixty five or over. Freddie Hart, country music singer and songwriter Historic Chattahoochee Commission. Boom and Change. Historic Marker, Ala. Nunn, Alexander. Lee County and Her Forebears. Montgomery, Ala. Herff Jones. LCCCN 83-081693 Schafer, Elizabeth. Loachapoka, Alabama. Retrieved September 25, 2005. Wright, John Peavy. Glimpses into the past from my Grandfather's Trunk. Alexander City, Ala. Outlook Publishing Company, Inc. LCCCN 74-101331 Syrup Sopping Day @ Loachapoka Heart of Dixie Amateur Radio Society
A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, facilitates training and operations. A military base provides accommodations for one or more units, but it may be used as a command center, training ground or proving ground. In most cases, military bases rely on outside help to operate. However, certain complex bases are able to endure on their own for long periods because they are able to provide food and other life support necessities for their inhabitants while under siege. Military bases for military aviation are called military air bases. Military bases for military ships are called naval bases. Military bases within the United States are considered federal property and are subject to federal law. Civilians living on military bases are subject to the civil and criminal laws of the states where the bases are located. Military bases can range from small outposts to military cities containing up to 100,000 people.
Military bases may belong to a different state than the territory surrounding it. The name used refers to the type of military activity that takes place at the base. A military base may go by any of a number of names, such as the following: Depending on the context, the term'military base' may refer to any establishment that houses a nation's armed forces, or organized paramilitary forces such as the Police, Militia, or Guards. Alternatively, the term may refer to an establishment, used only by an army to the exclusion of a base used by either an air force or a navy; this is consistent with the different meanings of the word'military'. Some examples of permanent military bases used by the navies and air forces of the world are the HMNB Portsmouth in Portsmouth, UK, the Naval Air Station Whidbey Island, Washington State, USA, or Ramstein Air Base, Germany. Other examples of non- or semi-permanent military bases include a Forward Operating Base, a Logistics Base and a Fire Base. A military base may contain large concentrations of military supplies in order to support military logistics.
Most military bases are restricted to the public and only authorized personnel may enter them. In addition to the main military facilities on a certain installation, military bases have various different facilities for military personnel; these facilities vary from country to country. Military bases can provide housing for a post office and dining facilities, they may provide support facilities such as fast food restaurants, gas stations, schools, thrift stores, a hospital or clinic, movie theaters, retail stores. Family, Morale and Recreation provides facilities such as fitness centers, golf courses, Travel centers, Community service centers, child development centers, youth centers, automotive workshops, hobby/arts and crafts centers, bowling centers, community centers. Bases used by the United States Air Force Reserve tend to be active USAF bases. However, there are a few Air Reserve Bases, such as Dobbins ARB, Grissom ARB, both of which are former active-duty USAF bases. Facilities of the Air National Guard are located on civil airports in a secure cantonment area not accessible to the general public, though some units are based on USAF bases, a few ANG-operated bases, such as Selfridge ANGB, Michigan.
Support facilities on Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve installations tend to not be as extensive as active bases. As an examples, 1) the Russian Sevastopol Naval Base comprises individual facilities located within the city of Sevastopol proper as well as an airfield at Kacha north of the city. An overseas military base is a military base, geographically located outside of the territory of the country whose armed forces are the principal occupants of the base; the use of overseas military base has throughout its history of usage been a contentious issue of debate, is a source of opposition for antimilitarists and nationalists in the host country. Such bases may be established by treaties between the governing power in the host country and another country which needs to establish the military base in the host country for various reasons strategic and logistic. Furthermore, overseas military bases serve as the source of the military brat subculture due to the children of the bases' occupant military being born or raised in the host country but raised with a remote parental knowledge of the occupant military's home country.
In the 18th and 19th Centuries the Royal Eng