Basse Santa Su
Basse Santa Su known as Basse, is a town in the Gambia, lying on the south bank of the River Gambia. The easternmost town in the nation, it is known for its important market; as of 2009 it has an estimated population of 18,414
Brikama (local government area)
Brikama is one of eight Local Government Areas in the Gambia. Its boundaries are co-extensive with the Western administrative division; the headquarters of the Brikama LGA are located at Brikama town. As per the 2013 census, the population of Brikama LGA is 699,704
Central River Division
Central River was the largest of the five administrative divisions of the Gambia. Its capital was Janjanbureh, on MacCarthy Island; the largest settlement was Bansang, with an estimated population in 2008 of 8,381. Until 1995 the division was known as MacCarthy Island Division, established as one of five administrative areas of Gambia Protectorate in the early 20th century, it was located on both sides of the Gambia River, its total population according to the 2013 census was 226,018 The total number of households was 17,399 as of 2003. As of 2003, the total area of the region is 2894.3 km2. The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa and the width of the strip like structure never exceeding 48 km, it is bordered by Atlantic Ocean to the West, otherwise surrounded by Senegal. The Gambia River flows throughout the country and is the principal source of water and transport medium; the banks of the river has swampy beaches, while it has alluvial soil in all other parts, conducive for the growth of rice.
Peanuts is the major cashcrop. The weather is warm and dry; the elevation of the country reaches to a maximum of 50 m above the mean sea level. There are vast segments of sedimentary sandstone and claystone in the valleys of the rivers and the regions surrounding it; the river has an east-west axis. The shallow water in the coastline are important sources of fishing. There are banto forests along the coastline. Over the river segemnt of 487 km, there are numerous creeks; the months from June to September experience a wet season. The average annual rainfall is around 1,400 mm in the south east, while it is 720 mm in the northwest. Experts have assessed that the overall rainfall during the century period between 1886 and 1992, there has been a reduction in rainfall of around 15-20 per cent and the wet season has been shortened. Per 2013 census, the region had a population of 226,018 with a population density of 078; the total number of households was 17,399 as of 2003. As of 2003, the total area of the region is 2894.3 km2.
The infant mortality rate was 92 for every thousand births and the under-five mortality was 138 per every thousand births. The poverty gap ratio was 36.45 per cent as of 2003. The literacy rate of the province was 56 compared to a national average of 62.9 per cent. The net enrollment ratio in primary education was 53 per cent, children entering first grade of primary school reaching last grade of primary education was per cent and the ratios of boys against girls in primary and tertiary education was as of 2007; the Gambia along with modern-day Senegal were colonies of French and British until 1894 when it became a British colony. Both the countries got independence in 1965 and operated in a federation called Senegambia from 1982. During 1989, the confederation collapsed. In a bloodless coup, Lieutenant Yahya Jamme in 1994 and went on to win multi party elections in three subsequent elections, he has defeated coups and unlike the West African countries, the Gambia has a relative stable governance.
The Local Govemment Act passed in 2002 superseded the previous local government acts like Local Government Act, Local Government Act, The Kanifing Municipal Council Act 1991 and the Provinces Act. There were seven local governments defined each subdivided into wards; the Mayor, the chairperson of the council and the council members of each council is elected by people of the area. The legislations indicating the roles were not defined, but the council is responsible for finance and planning for each sector under it. Around 25 per cent of the budget is provisioned by the central government; the council has a Alkalo or Seyfo representative, a Chief representative, a youth nominee, a woman nominee and other nominated members of local interest groups. Central River was divided into 10 districts, Fulladu West, Lower Saloum, Niamina Dankunku, Niamina East, Niamina West, Nianija and Upper Saloum, it has subsequently been divided into two Local Government Areas, each containing five of the above districts.
The city and area council elections were held during April 2002, when M. F. S. Malang Saibo Camara, an APRC candidate became winning 70.2 per cent votes. The council was led by Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction, which won 9 out of the 12 seats, National Reconciliation Party won one seat and two seats were won by independents. Districts of the Gambia The Atlas of the Gambia
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district. A municipal utility district is a special-purpose district or other jurisdiction that provides services to district residents. Local residents may vote to establish a municipal utility district, represented by a board of directors elected by constituents; as governmental bodies, they are nonprofit. In the US, public utility districts have similar functions to Municipal utility districts, but are created by a local government body such as a city or county, have no authority to levy taxes, they provide public utilities to the residents of that district. PUDs are created by a local government body, such as county, or metropolitan service area; the districts are non-profit. PUDs are governed by a commission, which may be appointed or elected.
In Afghanistan, a district is a subdivision of a province. There are 400 districts in the country. Electoral districts are used in state elections. Districts were used in several states as cadastral units for land titles; some were used as squatting districts. New South Wales had several different types of districts used in the 21st century. In Austria, the word Bezirk is used with different meanings in three different contexts: Some of the tasks of the administrative branch of the national and regional governments are fulfilled by the 95 district administrative offices; the area a district administrative office is responsible for is although informally, called a district. A number of statutory cities 15, are not served by any district administrative office, their respective municipal bureaucracies handle the tasks performed by the district administrative office. The cities of Vienna and Graz are divided into municipal districts, assisting the respective municipal governments. In Vienna, the constituents of each district elect a district council.
Although the city vests its districts with a limited amount of budgetary autonomy, district councils and chairpersons have little real responsibility. In particular, they do not legislate. Most of the districts of Vienna were independent municipalities at some point. From the point of view of the judiciary of Austria, the country is subdivided into 115 judicial districts, each corresponding to one of the country's 115 lowest-level trial courts. Bangladeshi districts are local administrative units. In all, there are 64 districts in Bangladesh. There were 21 greater districts with several subdivisions in each district. In 1984, the government made all these subdivisions into districts; each district has several sub districts called Upazila in Bengali. In Belgian municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, on initiative of the local council, sub-municipal administrative entities with elected councils may be created; as such, only Antwerp, having over 460,000 inhabitants, became subdivided into nine districts.
The Belgian arrondissements, an administrative level between province and municipality, or the lowest judicial level, are in English sometimes called districts as well. Bhutanese districts are local administrative units consisting of village blocks called gewog; some have subdistricts called dungkhag. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a district is a self-governing administrative unit. Brčko District in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is formally part of both the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the Assembly of the Brčko District has 29 seats. Brazilian municipalities are subdivided into districts. Small municipalities have only one urban district, which contains the city itself, consisting of the seat of the local government, where the municipality's prefeitura and câmara de vereadores are located; the rural districts and groups of urban districts may present a sub local Executive body, named subprefeitura. A district is known locally as daerah and it is the first-level administrative division of Brunei.
There are four districts in the country, namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong and Temburong. Each district is administered by a Jabatan Daerah, headed by a Pegawai Daerah. All district offices are government departments under the Ministry of Home Affairs. In Alberta, the municipal districts and improvement districts are types of rural municipalities, they are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada, which form parts of census divisions. In the province of British Columbia, there are several kinds of administrative districts by that name; the usual usage is a reference to district municipalities, which are a class of municipality in the same hierarchy as city, town, or village. Most are styled, e.g. "District of Mission" or "District of Wells", though some are styled, e.g. "Corporation of Delta" or "Township of Langley". Within the area of municipal powers, regional districts – which
Guinea the Republic of Guinea, is a west-coastal country in West Africa. Known as French Guinea, the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other countries with "Guinea" in the name and the eponymous region, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has an area of 245,860 square kilometres; the sovereign state of Guinea is a republic with a president, directly elected by the people and is head of state and head of government. The unicameral Guinean National Assembly is the legislative body of the country, its members are directly elected by the people; the judicial branch is led by the Guinea Supreme Court, the highest and final court of appeal in the country. The country is named after the Guinea region. Guinea is a traditional name for the region of Africa, it ends at the Sahel. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples below the Senegal River, as opposed to the'tawny' Zenaga Berbers, above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors.
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, the media, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are spoken. Guinea's economy is dependent on agriculture and mineral production, it is the world's second largest producer of bauxite, has rich deposits of diamonds and gold. The country was at the core of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Human rights in Guinea remain a controversial issue. In 2011 the United States government claimed that torture by security forces, abuse of women and children were ongoing abuses of human rights; the land, now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on 2 October 1958. From independence until the presidential election of 2010, Guinea was governed by a number of autocratic rulers.
For the origin of the name "Guinea" see Guinea § Etymology. What is now Guinea was on the fringes of the major West African empires; the earliest, the Ghana Empire, grew on trade but fell after repeated incursions of the Almoravids. It was in this period; the Sosso kingdom flourished in the resulting void but the Mali Empire came to prominence when Soundiata Kéïta defeated the Sosso ruler Soumangourou Kanté at the Battle of Kirina in c. 1235. The Mali Empire was ruled by Mansa, the most famous being Kankou Moussa, who made a famous hajj to Mecca in 1324. Shortly after his reign the Mali Empire began to decline and was supplanted by its vassal states in the 15th century; the most successful of these was the Songhai Empire, which expanded its power from about 1460 and surpassed the Mali Empire in both territory and wealth. It continued to prosper until a civil war over succession followed the death of Askia Daoud in 1582; the weakened empire fell to invaders from Morocco at the Battle of Tondibi just three years later.
The Moroccans proved unable to rule the kingdom however, it split into many small kingdoms. After the fall of the major West African empires, various kingdoms existed in. Fulani Muslims migrated to Futa Jallon in Central Guinea and established an Islamic state from 1735 to 1898 with a written constitution and alternate rulers; the Wassoulou or Wassulu empire was a short-lived empire, led by Samori Toure in the predominantly Malinké area of what is now upper Guinea and southwestern Mali. It moved to Ivory Coast before being conquered by the French; the slave trade came to the coastal region of Guinea with European traders in the 16th century. Slaves were exported to work elsewhere in the triangular trade. Guinea's colonial period began with French military penetration into the area in the mid-19th century. French domination was assured by the defeat in 1898 of the armies of Samori Touré, Mansa of the Ouassoulou state and leader of Malinké descent, which gave France control of what today is Guinea and adjacent areas.
France negotiated Guinea's present boundaries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the British for Sierra Leone, the Portuguese for their Guinea colony, Liberia. Under the French, the country formed the Territory of Guinea within French West Africa, administered by a governor general resident in Dakar. Lieutenant governors administered the individual colonies, including Guinea. In 1958, the French Fourth Republic collapsed due to political instability and its failures in dealing with its colonies Indochina and Algeria; the founding of a Fifth Republic was supported by the French people, while French President Charles de Gaulle made it clear on 8 August 1958 that France's colonies were to be given a stark choice between more autonomy in a new French Community or immediate independence in the referendum to be held on 28 September 1958. The other colonies chose the former but Guinea—under the leadership of Ahmed Sékou Touré whose Democratic Party of Guinea had won 56 of 60 seats in 1957 territorial elections — voted overwhelmingly for independence.
The French withdrew and
Kanifing is one of eight Local Government Areas in The Gambia. The municipality has the largest population of any of the administrative districts in Gambia, lies west of the City of Banjul, it includes Serrekunda, the largest urban area in the Gambia, as well as the Atlantic coastal resorts in which most of the region's hotels are to be found
Fulladu East was one of the four districts of the Upper River Division of the Gambia. The Upper River Division is now the Basse Local Government Area, the former Fulladu East District is now divided into a Basse Fulladu East District, a Jimara District and a Tumana District. Fulladu East contains a number of towns including Allunhari, Allunhari Abdou, Bakadaji, Basse Nding, Basse Santa Su, Besang Dugu, Bohum Kunda, Busura Alieu, Chamoi Bunda, Demba Kunda and Kulari