The European Parliament is the only parliamentary institution of the European Union, directly elected by EU citizens aged 18 or older. Together with the Council of the European Union, which should not be confused with the European Council and the Council of Europe, it exercises the legislative function of the EU; the Parliament is composed of 751 members, that will become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world. It has been directly elected by the European citizens every five years and by universal suffrage since 1979. However, voter turnout at European Parliament elections has fallen consecutively at each election since that date, has been under 50% since 1999. Voter turnout in 2014 stood at 42.54% of all European voters. Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess legislative initiative, as most national parliaments of European Union member states do.
The Parliament is the "first institution" of the EU, shares equal legislative and budgetary powers with the Council. It has equal control over the EU budget; the European Commission, the executive body of the EU, is accountable to Parliament. In particular, Parliament elects the President of the Commission, approves the appointment of the Commission as a whole, it can subsequently force the Commission as a body to resign by adopting a motion of censure. The President of the European Parliament is Antonio Tajani, elected in January 2017, he presides over a multi-party chamber, the two largest groups being the Group of the European People's Party and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. The last union-wide elections were the 2014 elections; the European Parliament has three places of work -- Luxembourg City and Strasbourg. Luxembourg City is home to the administrative offices. Meetings of the whole Parliament take place in Brussels. Committee meetings are held in Brussels; the Parliament, like the other institutions, was not designed in its current form when it first met on 10 September 1952.
One of the oldest common institutions, it began as the Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community. It was a consultative assembly of 78 appointed parliamentarians drawn from the national parliaments of member states, having no legislative powers; the change since its foundation was highlighted by Professor David Farrell of the University of Manchester: "For much of its life, the European Parliament could have been justly labelled a'multi-lingual talking shop'."Its development since its foundation shows how the European Union's structures have evolved without a clear "master plan". Some, such as Tom Reid of the Washington Post, said of the union: "nobody would have deliberately designed a government as complex and as redundant as the EU"; the Parliament's two seats, which have switched several times, are a result of various agreements or lack of agreements. Although most MEPs would prefer to be based just in Brussels, at John Major's 1992 Edinburgh summit, France engineered a treaty amendment to maintain Parliament's plenary seat permanently at Strasbourg.
The body was not mentioned in the original Schuman Declaration. It was assumed or hoped that difficulties with the British would be resolved to allow the Council of Europe's Assembly to perform the task. A separate Assembly was introduced during negotiations on the Treaty as an institution which would counterbalance and monitor the executive while providing democratic legitimacy; the wording of the ECSC Treaty demonstrated the leaders' desire for more than a normal consultative assembly by using the term "representatives of the people" and allowed for direct election. Its early importance was highlighted when the Assembly was given the task of drawing up the draft treaty to establish a European Political Community. By this document, the Ad Hoc Assembly was established on 13 September 1952 with extra members, but after the failure of the proposed European Defence Community the project was dropped. Despite this, the European Economic Community and Euratom were established in 1958 by the Treaties of Rome.
The Common Assembly was shared by all three communities and it renamed itself the European Parliamentary Assembly. The first meeting was held on 19 March 1958 having been set up in Luxembourg City, it elected Schuman as its president and on 13 May it rearranged itself to sit according to political ideology rather than nationality; this is seen as the birth of the modern European Parliament, with Parliament's 50 years celebrations being held in March 2008 rather than 2002. The three communities merged their remaining organs as the European Communities in 1967, the body's name was changed to the current "European Parliament" in 1962. In 1970 the Parliament was granted power over areas of the Communities' budget, which were expanded to the whole budget in 1975. Under the Rome Treaties, the Parliament should have become elected. However, the Council was required to agree a uni
Holes Bay is an intertidal embayment off Poole Harbour in the county of Dorset on the south coast of England. It lies within the Borough of Poole and is close to Poole town centre, it is an important wetland bird haven. Holes Bay lies on the south coast of England within the Borough of Poole, apart from its northwestern shore, part of Upton; the bay drains the heathlands around Creekmoor and is bounded in the east by Sterte and Stanley Green, in the north by Creekmoor, in the northwest by Upton, in the west and southwest by Hamworthy and in the southeast by the Old Town area of Poole. Holes Bay is a tidal inland lake, it is a designated harbour quiet area. The exit to the bay is a narrow gat between Lower Hamworthy and Poole Old Town, runs past the RNLI lifeboat station and part of Poole Quay before entering Poole Harbour itself. Spanning the inlet are two bridges: Poole Bridge and the newer Twin Sails Bridge, opened in 2012. Access to Holes Bay for vessels with a draft greater than 2 metres is only possible when the bridges are lifted, which occurs at several fixed times daily and sometimes on request.
The new bridge is intended to help reduce traffic jams by ensuring at least one bridge is open to vehicular traffic at any one time. The northern part of the bay is crossed from west to east by the South West Main Line from London to Weymouth, Poole railway station is less than one hundred metres from the southeastern corner of the bay; the A350 hugs the A35 swings past its northern shore. In the northwest is Upton Country Park and Upton House, a public facility owned by the Borough of Poole. There is a marina on the western shore, south of the railway line. There is a wooded islet, Pergins Island in the north of the bay, not open to the public. Holes Bay is the location of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution training school, attached to their Poole headquarters. Uses of the bay include fishing and small leisure craft. A large marina known as Cobbs Quay is on the west side of the bay; the bay has a small tidal range of 0.6 m at neap tides and 1.8 m at spring tides, a double high water. Maximum monthly temperatures range from an average of 8 °C in January to 27 °C in August.
Ground temperatures on the mudflats can fall below freezing in winter. The prevailing winds are from the west or southwest, but sea breezes can blow in from the south and southeast. Holes Bay is home to numerous wetland bird species including avocet, black-tailed godwit, kingfisher, little egret, red-breasted merganser, spoonbill and widgeon; the bay is used for fishing. Species that occur here include bass, flounder, corkwing wrasse and gobies. Marine invertebrates such as king ragworm and cockles are numerous; the mudflats of Holes Bay were colonized by cordgrass during the 20th century, covering 63% of the intertidal zone between 1901 and 1924, before receding again between 1924 and 1980 due to erosion and die-back. Its vegetation includes woodland wild flowers, saltmarsh plants and grassland species including orchids. In 2015, Poole Borough Council, the Dorset Wildlife Trust and other interested parties established the Holes Bay Nature Park to bring local people closer to nature and to ensure the habitat is managed for the benefit of the great variety of wildlife found within it.
Gray, A. J and J. M. Pearson. Spartina marshes in Poole Harbour, with particular reference to Holes Bay. In: Spartina anglica in Great Britain, J. P. Doody, 11-14. Nature Conservancy Council, Attingham Park. May, V. J. and John Humphreys. The Ecology of Poole Harbour. London: Elsevier, 2005. ISBN 0-444-52064-3
Turlin Moor is a suburb of Poole in Dorset, located between Hamworthy and Upton. Turlin Moor is host to Hamworthy railway station; the two railway bridges at the end of the estate on Blandford Road, form the meeting point between Hamworthy, Turlin Moor and Upton Park. Turlin Moor is on the Hamworthy Spit, linked to Poole via the Upton Bypass, the Two Poole Bridges, it has the South Western Main Line on its South Lytchett Bay to the North. Turlin Moor is home to Poole Rugby Club. Turlin Moor Scout Group was an active Scout Group in the Poole Area, until its demise in the 1980s when it was closed and its members absorbed into 1st Hamworthy Scout Group, still running today with some of its sections being called'Hamworthy - Turlin Moor'. Turlin Moor does not have its own Councillor and instead is part of the Hamworthy District in the Borough of Poole Council. Media related to Turlin Moor at Wikimedia Commons
Lytchett Minster and Upton
Lytchett Minster and Upton is a civil parish in the English county of Dorset. The parish comprises the village of Lytchett Minster and the nearby built up area of Upton, contiguous with the urban area of Poole; the parish has an area of 14.35 square kilometres. At the time of the 2001 census, it had a population of 7,573 living in 3,227 dwellings; the parish forms part of the Purbeck local government district of the county of Dorset. It is within the Mid Dorset and North Poole constituency of the House of Commons and the South West England constituency of the European Parliament. Census data for Lytchett Minster and Upton parish
Blandford Forum Blandford, is a market town in the North Dorset district of Dorset, sited by the River Stour about 13 mi northwest of Poole. It is the administrative headquarters of North Dorset District Council. Blandford is notable for its Georgian architecture, the result of rebuilding after the majority of the town was destroyed by a fire in 1731; the rebuilding work was assisted by an Act of Parliament and a donation by George II, the rebuilt town centre—to designs by local architects John and William Bastard—has survived to the present day intact. Blandford Camp, a military base, is sited on the hills two miles to the north east of the town, it is the base of the Royal Corps of Signals, the communications wing of the British Army, the site of the Royal Signals Museum. Dorset County Council estimates that in 2013 the town's civil parish had a population of 10,610; the town's economy is based on a mix of the service sector and light industry, provides employment for about 4,000 people. Blandford has been a fording point since Anglo-Saxon times, when it was recorded as Blaen-y-ford and as Blaneford in the Domesday Book.
The name Blandford derives from the Old English blǣge, means ford where gudgeon or blay are found. By the 13th century it had become a market town with a livestock market serving the nearby Blackmore Vale with its many dairy farms. At the start of the 14th century it returned two members of parliament and was known as Cheping Blandford; the Latin word Forum, meaning market, was recorded in 1540. In Survey of Dorsetshire, written by Thomas Gerard of Trent in the early 1630s, Blandford was described as "a faire Markett Towne, pleasantlie seated upon the River... well inhabitted and of good Traffique". In the 17th-century English Civil War Blandford was a Royalist centre. In the 18th century Blandford was one of several lace-making centres in the county. I think I never saw better in Flanders, France or Italy". In the 17th and 18th centuries Blandford was a malting and brewing centre of some significance. All of Blandford's buildings were destroyed on 4 June 1731 by the "great fire", the last of several serious fires that occurred in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
The fire began in a tallow chandler's workshop on a site, now The King's Arms public house. Within a few hours 90% of the town's fabric had gone. Properties west of the river in Blandford St Mary and Bryanston were burned, though notable buildings that survived in the town include the Ryves Almshouses and Dale House in Salisbury Street, Old House in The Close, much of East Street. An Act of Parliament was introduced that stated that rebuilding work must be in brick and tile and should begin within four years. With assistance from the rest of the country—including £1,000 given by George II—the town was rebuilt over the next ten years to the designs of local architects John and William Bastard. Bottlenecks were removed and streets realigned in the new town plan, which provided a wider market place; as well as residential and commercial property, new buildings included a new town hall and church. The redesigned town centre has survived to the present day intact. After the post-fire reconstruction Blandford remained a thriving market town.
Wool spinning and button making were significant, the brewing and hostelry trades expanded. The turnpike road between Salisbury and Dorchester was made in 1756 and passed through the town, the arrival of the coaching era increased the town's prosperity, though the built fabric of the town changed little until the first half of the 19th century, when houses for wealthier inhabitants were built to the north alongside the roads to Salisbury and Shaftesbury. In the 19th century following the installation of piped water, more densely packed buildings were built to the northeast, replacing gardens and barracks for the poor between the roads to Salisbury and Wimborne Minster. Rail transport arrived in Blandford in the 1860s, though this did not impact on the town's economy. Blandford's weekly animal market disappeared in the 20th century a casualty of motorised transport that enabled larger markets to be held in fewer centres. By the middle of the 20th century Blandford Fair, a seasonal sheep fair held in summer and autumn, had disappeared, due to changes in animal husbandry and a reduction in sheep numbers in the county.
In the early 21st century a number of private housing developments were built in and around the town. In the United Kingdom national parliament, Blandford is in the North Dorset parliamentary constituency, represented by Simon Hoare of the Conservative party. At the top tier of local government Blandford is governed by Dorset County Council, the main responsibilities of which include schools and other education, planning, public transport, social care and heritage, public health, museums & the arts, trading standards and planning for emergencies. At the middle tier of local government Blandford is governed by North Dorset District Council. Since 2006 North Dorset District Council has reduced its direct service provision via a system of decentralised community partnerships with local organisations such as town councils. North Dorset District Council is in a'tri-council' partnership with two other district-level councils in Dorset, West Dorset District Council and Weymouth and Portland
Upton Heath is one of the largest remaining fragments of a heath that once stretched across central southern England from Dorchester to Christchurch and beyond. Today it is confined to an area west of Poole, much of, protected. From the Heath there are views across Corfe Castle and the Isle of Purbeck. Upton Heath covers an area of 205 hectares, it lies within the Poole Basin and is bounded by the village of Corfe Mullen to the north, the Poole district of Broadstone to the northeast, Creekmoor to the east, the A35 dual carriageway to the south and the hamlet of Beacon Hill to the southwest. Lytchett Matravers lies about 4 kilometres to the west beyond Lychett Heath and the village of Upton lies to the south over the other side of the A35; the highest point on Upton Heath is the trig point at SY983956, which has extensive views to the south. Much of the area has been designated as the Upton Heath Nature Reserve and is managed by the Dorset Wildlife Trust, it is wild and unsuitable for building, why it was not developed as Poole expanded.
However abandoned sand pits and clay pits reflect its historic use for the pottery and brick making industries. In June 2011, one third of the heath was devastated by what one source described as the "worst fire at Upton Heath for 35 years". Local people had to evacuate their homes and 200 firefighters were engaged as the fire spread over a square kilometre. Dorset Wildlife Trust said that the fire had happened at the peak of the bird and reptile breeding season and had put wildlife development back 25 years. Two men believed to be responsible for starting the fire were being sought by police and the Crimestoppers offered a reward. In the aftermath of the Upton Heath Fire, an organisation called Heathwatch was formed with local people volunteering to act as wardens. Two men, wanted by police, were arrested as a result of the initiative. Of particular interest on the heath are its reptiles – all six native British reptile species are found in the dry areas of the heath: the adder, grass snake, smooth snake, viviparous lizard and sand lizard.
Resident birds include the stonechat and rare Dartford warbler. In addition, the boggy areas support many dragonfly species as well as carnivorous round-leaved sundew and raft spiders. Local butterflies including the silver-studded blue and grayling. Amongst the rare flowering plants on the reserve are the marsh gentian and Dorset heath. There is a public car park just northeast of the trig point. Otherwise access is limited due to the difficult terrain. There are public footpaths along the perimeter of the heath and one along the line of the dismantled railway in the south of the area. Trail leaflets describing walks on the heath are available from Dorset Wildlife Trust
South Western Ambulance Service
The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust is the organisation responsible for providing ambulance services for the National Health Service across South West England. On March 1, 2011 SWASFT was the first ambulance service in the country to become a Foundation Trust; the Trust acquired neighbouring Great Western Ambulance Service on 1 February 2013. SWASFT serves a population of more than 5.47 million, its area is estimated to receive an influx of over 17.5 million visitors each year. The operational area is predominantly rural but has large urban centres including Bristol, Exeter, Bath, Gloucester and Poole; the headquarters for the service is in Exeter and the service has 96 ambulance stations and 6 air bases. The Chief Executive is Ken Wenman, appointed on 1 July 2006 on creation of the trust, having served as the Chief Executive of the former Dorset Ambulance Service NHS Trust; the Trust’s core operations include: Emergency ambulance 999 services Urgent Care Services – GP out-of-hours medical care NHS 111 call-handling and triage services Tiverton Urgent Care Centre.
It is one of ten Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services and employs more than 4,500 clinical and operational staff. In addition there are around 3,200 volunteers including community first responders, BASICS doctors, fire co-responders and patient transport drivers; the Trust is one of the largest in England. It covers 827 miles of coastline. In 2015/16 one in eight 999 calls to South Western Ambulance Service were treated over the telephone. "Hear and treat", where the patient receives clinical advice over the telephone, accounted for 12.7% of calls. For 36.4% of incidents the patients experienced "see and treat", when the patient receives treatment or advice at the scene of the incident. In a further 7.7% of incidents, the patient was taken to a non-emergency hospital department such as a community hospital or minor injuries unit. The remaining incidents resulted in a patient being taken to a hospital emergency department, thus the majority of incidents resulted in a patient not being conveyed.
SWASFT is the best performing ambulance service in the country for non-conveyance rates. In addition 62% of patients taken to hospital are admitted – this is again the highest performance for an ambulance trust in the country; this means that when SWASFT takes a patient to an emergency department they are to be admitted, not treated and discharged, therefore confirming, the right place for them to receive the care they need. There are 96 ambulance stations, six air ambulance bases, three clinical control rooms, two Hazardous Area Response Team bases and one boat across the South Western Ambulance Service operational area. In 2016 the Care Quality Commission told the South Western Ambulance Service to make significant improvements in the NHS 111 service; the inspection of the trust in 2016 identified several areas. In 2018 the trust said it would need an extra £12 million a year to meet the new ambulance performance standards; the number of compliments received by the Trust in 2014/15 increased by 41% to 2,055 while complaints rose by 20% to 1,268.
The Trust is split into three divisions: West Division: covering Devon and Cornwall, including its Headquarters at Exeter East Division: covering Somerset and Dorset North Division: consisting of the footprint of the former Great Western Ambulance Service as well as the Burnham-on-sea and Shepton Mallet stationsThe Trust has 96 ambulance stations among the counties that it serves: Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset Avon Wiltshire Gloucestershire 306 - 999 Emergency Ambulances 57 Patient Transport Ambulances 234 Rapid Response Vehicles 7 Rapid Response Motorcycles 5 Bicycles 2 Hazardous Area Response Teams 1 Boat – ALN 043'Star of Life’ Wave Saver 1000 Class Ambulance Boat SWASFT provides the non-emergency 111 helpline and triage service for Dorset. In May 2014 the Trust won a contract to run a doctor-led minor injuries unit at Tiverton and District Hospital, open seven days a week. Patients do not need an appointment to visit the centre, which provides treatment for minor injuries and ailments including: Cuts and wounds.