Government of Pittsburgh
The Government of Pittsburgh is composed of the Mayor, the City Council, various boards and commissions. Most of these offices are housed within the Pittsburgh City-County Building; the Government of Pittsburgh receives its authority from the Pennsylvania General Assembly pursuant to Part III of Title 53 of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, relating to Cities of the Second Class. The Mayor of Pittsburgh is elected every 4 years; the current mayor is Bill Peduto. Since the 1950s the Mayor's Chief of Staff has assumed a large role in advising, long term planning and as a "gatekeeper" to the mayor; the Pittsburgh City Council is a nine-member city council. City council members are chosen by plurality elections in each of nine districts; the mayor appoints the position of Pittsburgh Police Chief. The city and its immediate suburbs are served by the four-year elected Allegheny County District Attorney to prosecute criminal offenses and the congressionally appointed U. S. District Attorney for the Western District of Pennsylvania for federal offenses.
The city and its residents are served by the elected four-year term Allegheny County Sheriff and the County council-appointed Allegheny County Police Department Chief. Pittsburgh finances are subject to the Pittsburgh Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority, the city's state-appointed financial oversight body. Many governmental functions are carried out by boards and commissions; these organizations include: Allegheny County Sanitary Authority Allegheny Regional Asset District Board Pittsburgh Parking Authority Sports and Exhibition Authority Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh Stadium Authority Government of Pennsylvania Official website Pittsburgh Code and Charter from Municode
Allegheny County Courthouse
The Allegheny County Courthouse in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, is part of a complex designed by H. H. Richardson; the buildings are considered among the finest examples of the Romanesque Revival style for which Richardson is well known. The complex is bordered by wide thoroughfares named for city founders James Ross, John Forbes and James Grant; the current building, completed in 1888, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976. Richardson referred to it as his "great achievement". Pittsburgh's original courthouse, first occupied in 1794, was a wooden structure located on one side of Market Square; the Pennsylvania Supreme Court and from December 7, 1818, until 1841 the Western District of Pennsylvania held court sessions at Market Square. Land for a new courthouse was purchased in April 1834; this was a tract of land on Grant's Hill. Construction took place between 1836 and 1840; this court house was built with polished gray sandstone, quarried at Coal Hill, opposite Water Street along the Monongahela River.
The building was designed by John Chislett. The Greek Revival design included a domed cupola housing a rotunda 60 feet in diameter and 80 feet high; the building was completed in 1841. The building's second floor again served as the headquarters for both the Commonwealth Supreme Court Pittsburgh region and the Federal Western District, serving the latter until a new U. S. Customs House/Post Office opened on Fifth and Smithfield in 1853. Due to corrosion caused by coal smoke, the building deteriorated: the dressed surface of the facade dropped off, some of the cornices near the roof began to fall, the building had a scaly appearance. In its deteriorated state, it was a handsome structure. On May 7, 1882, a fire ruined the building. Subsequently, it was demolished; the third, present, courthouse was erected on the same spot. Following the destruction of the second courthouse, Allegheny County Commissioners decided to hold a competition to design a replacement; the winner of the competition was Boston architect Henry Hobson Richardson and construction of the buildings was begun by the Norcross Brothers, Richardson's construction firm of choice, in 1884.
The design of the main building, which Richardson considered to be his finest, was innovative in that the building is built around an interior courtyard, thus allowing natural light and fresh air to reach most of the building. The courtyard is surrounded by four stories in three sides. A tower rises five stories from the courtyard's open side; as was the case with Richardson's buildings, the roof is steep with dormers placed at all the corners. A prison is connected to the courthouse via the "Bridge of Sighs"; the design was based on the Bridge of Sighs in Venice. The entire complex was built of large rusticated blocks of granite, with the entrance ways and windows topped with wide arches; this gives the building a heavy and dignified appearance. In the 1900s the street level in front of the building was lowered as part of a general re-grading of Pittsburgh. Richardson had anticipated this and courses of finished masonry had been buried underground, now to be revealed; this left the ceremonial entrance a full story above the street.
A grand stairway was built, but removed during street widening in the 1930s- the low arched doorways were extended downwards to street level, with the result that the visitor is not greeted by the grand entrance hall Richardson planned, but by the low corridors which were once the basement. Muralist Vincent Nesbert completed five murals for the building on its first floor in 1937: "Industry," "Justice," "Peace," "Fort Duquesne" and "The Battle of Grant's Hill."In 1973, the building was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 1976, it was designated a National Historic Landmark; the design of the Allegheny County Courthouse has influenced buildings in many cities across America, such as Minneapolis City Hall, Altgeld Hall on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and James W. McLaughlin's Wayne County Courthouse in Richmond, Indiana. In 2007, the American Institute of Architects asked Harris Interactive to survey 2,000 people, who were shown 247 photographs of buildings and other structures in different categories chosen by 2,500 architects.
The Allegheny County Courthouse was ranked 35th overall on the list and above every other courthouse in the nation except the United States Supreme Court Building. Several big-budget films have portrayed the Courthouse. Striking Distance and Hoffa used interior shots, while Desperate Measures and The Next Three Days used both interior and exterior shots, with Boys on the Side and Mrs. Soffel featuring the Ross Street side of the complex and the "Bridge of Sighs"; the designs of Toronto City Hall, Minneapolis City Hall, the Milwaukee Federal Building and Altgeld Hall on the campus of the University of Illinois were influenced by the Allegheny County Courthouse. Allegheny County Courthouse and Jail Architectural Records, 1883-1948, AIS.1980.20, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh Smoke Control Lantern Slide Collection, University of Pittsburgh Archives Service Center, AIS.1978.22, Digital Research Library Historic American Buildings Survey No. PA-610, "Allegheny County Courthouse & Jail, 436 Grant Street, 420 Ross Street, Allegheny County, PA", 13 photos, 35 measured drawings, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page "Pittsburgh, The Story of an American City," 5th edition, Stefan Lorant, Esselmont Books, LLC.
Pittsburgh, PA, 1999. Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Pilgrimage to H. H. Richardson, unpublished manuscript Och
Tower Two-Sixty, alternatively known as “The Gardens at Market Square” or “The Gardens,” is a Millcraft Investments skyscraper in Pittsburgh, United States. Construction began in 2013 and was completed in 2016; the $107 million, LEED CS Silver-certified tower consists of 18 floors and is located the Market Square and Point Park University sections of Downtown Pittsburgh. The tower includes a 197-room Hilton Garden Inn Hotel and Market Square Garage, 321-car parking complex managed by Alco Parking, it includes 20,000 square feet of street level retail space, 130,000 square feet of Class-A "tower office" floor space and multiple restaurants. Revel + Roost known as Roost Fifty New American Kitchen, is a two-floor restaurant. Roost hosts upscale dining on the second floor, while Revel has an ultra-lounge atmosphere downstairs. Pirata is offering Caribbean-style food and more than 200 rums. Pizzuvio, a fine casual Neapolitan pizzeria with handmade wood-fired ovens, is located in the tower. Millie’s, a second location Pittsburgh-based small batch ice creamery originating in Shadyside.
In 2015, it was announced that commercial real estate company JLL would be the building’s anchor and namesake tenant, re-identify the building as JLL Center at Tower Two-Sixty. JLL serves as the building’s property manager. Other tenants in the building include Merrill Lynch, Coury Financial Group, McGuireWoods, Millcraft itself. Millcraft, JLL, its partners have received several awards for Tower Two-Sixty including the Urban Land Institute award for Transformative Place, Master Builders’ Association of Western Pennsylvania Award, NAIOP Pittsburgh’s Best Mixed Use Project. Construction Cam
Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire
The Pittsburgh Bureau of Fire provides fire protection to the city of the City of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In all the department is responsible for 55.5 square miles with a population of 305,841 as of the 2013 Census estimation. The Bureau was the first fire department in the United States to unionize and thus has an International Association of Fire Fighters number of 1; the department started out as a volunteer fire department and transitioned to a paid department on May 23, 1870. Over 30 years in 1903 a group of Pittsburgh firefighters sought to improve working and living conditions of those serving in the department, they formed an association known as the City Fireman’s Protective Association. By September 1903, the first International Association of Fire Fighters union was organized, IAFF Local No. 1. Below is a complete listing of all fire station and apparatus locations in the city of Pittsburgh according to Battalion. Sudden Death - A Pittsburgh firefighter is portrayed by Jean-Claude Van Damme
Western Pennsylvania English
Western Pennsylvania English, known more narrowly as Pittsburgh English or popularly as Pittsburghese, is a dialect of American English native to the western half of Pennsylvania, centered on the city of Pittsburgh, but appearing as far north as Erie County, as far east as Sunbury, Pennsylvania, as far west as metropolitan Youngstown, as far south as micropolitan Clarksburg. Associated with the white working class of Pittsburgh, users of the dialect are colloquially known as "Yinzers". Scots-Irish, Pennsylvania German, Polish and Croatian immigrants to the area all provided certain loanwords to the dialect. Although many of the sounds and words found in this dialect are popularly thought to be unique to the city of Pittsburgh only, this is a misconception, since the dialect resides throughout the greater part of western Pennsylvania and surrounding areas. Central Pennsylvania an intersection of several dialect regions, was identified in 1949 by Hans Kurath as a sub-region between western and eastern Pennsylvania, though some scholars have more identified it within the western Pennsylvania dialect region.
Since the time of Kurath's study, one of western Pennsylvania's defining features, the cot–caught merger, has expanded into central Pennsylvania, moving eastward until being blocked at Harrisburg. The only feature whose distribution is restricted exclusively to the immediate vicinity of Pittsburgh is monophthongization, in which words such as house, found, or sauerkraut are sometimes pronounced with an "ah" sound instead of the more standard pronunciation of "ow", rendering eye spellings such as hahs, dahn and sahrkraht. Speakers of Pittsburgh English are sometimes called "Yinzers", in reference to their use of the 2nd-person plural pronoun "yinz." The word "yinzer" is sometimes heard as pejorative, indicating a lack of sophistication, although the term is now used in a variety of ways. Older men are more to use the accent than women, "...possibly because of a stronger interest in displaying local identity...." A defining feature of Western Pennsylvania English is the cot–caught merger, in which and merges to a rounded vowel:.
Therefore and caught are both pronounced. While the merger of these low back vowels is widespread elsewhere in the United States, the rounded realizations of the merged vowel around is less common, except in Canada and Northeastern New England; the sound as in oh begins more fronted in the mouth, as in the Southern U. S. or Southern England. Therefore, go is pronounced. /uː/ as in food and rude is fronted, diphthongized, as in much of the American South and West. The diphthong, as in ow, is monophthongized to in some environments, including before nasal consonants, liquid consonants and obstruents; this monophthongization does not occur, however, in word-final positions, where the diphthong remains. This is one of the few features, if not the only one, restricted exclusively to western Pennsylvania in North America, although it can sometimes be found in other accents of the English-speaking world, such as Cockney and South African English; this sound may be the result of contact from Slavic languages during the early twentieth century.
Monopthongization occurs for the sound, as in eye, before liquid consonants, so that tile is pronounced. Due to this phenomenon, tire may merge with the sound of tar:. An epenthetic sound may occur after vowels in a small number of words, such as in water pronounced like warter, wash like warsh. A number of vowel mergers occur uniquely in Western Pennsylvania English before the consonant; the pair of vowels and may each merge before the consonant, cause both steel and still to be pronounced as something like. And may merge before /l/, so that pool and pole may merge to something like. On the /iːl/~/ɪl/ merger, Labov and Boberg note "the stereotype of merger of /il ~ iyl/ is based only on a close approximation of some forms, does not represent the underlying norms of the dialect"; the /iː/~/ɪ/ merger is found in western Pennsylvania, as well as parts of the southern United States, including Alabama and the west. On the other hand, the /u/~/ʊ/ merger is found only in western Pennsylvania; the /iː/~/ɪ/ merger towards may appear before.
The vowel /ʌ/ before, may lower into the vowel of the cot–caught merger mentioned above, so that mull can sound identical to mall/maul:. L-vocalization is common in the Western Pennsylvania dialect, in which an sounds like a /w/, or a cross between a vowel and a "dark" /l/, when at the end of a syllable. An example is; this phenomenon is common in African-American English. Western Pennsylvania English speakers may use falling intonation at the end of questions, for example, in "Are you painting your garage?". Such speakers use falling pitch for yes/no questions for which they are quite sure of the answer. So, a speaker uttering the above example is confirming what they think they know, that yes, the person they're talking to is painting his/h
The Pittsburgh Police the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police, is the largest law enforcement agency in Western Pennsylvania and the third largest in Pennsylvania. The modern force of salaried and professional officers was founded in 1857 but dates back to the night watchmen beginning in 1794, the subsequent day patrols in the early 19th century, in the borough of Pittsburgh. By 1952 the Bureau had a strength of 1,400 sworn officers in July 1985, 1,200 and by November 1989, 1,040; the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police is part of the Pittsburgh Department of Public Safety and is headed by Chief Scott Schubert appointed by Mayor Bill Peduto and approved by City Council. The Chief of Police is the top law enforcement agent of the city of Pittsburgh. In the Chiefs council are the positions of Deputy Chief of Police Bureau Chief of Staff of the Police Bureau Public Affairs Manager of the Police Bureau Legal Advisor to the Police BureauReporting directly through the Deputy Chief of Police to the Chief are the three active units of the Police Bureau: Operations and Administration.
Each one is headed by an Assistant Chief. The original headquarters were at William Penn Way in downtown. In 1918 it moved into the Pittsburgh City-County Building, 1925 to Water Street, 1960s Grant Street Public Safety Building, is now quartered at Western Avenue on the Northside. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Operations, this unit is the most visible arm of the Pittsburgh Police Bureau, it consists six zones with each zone being supervised by the zone commander, as well as all zone patrol and response operations, SWAT team, Traffic Patrol, Impound. This is the unit that does community policing. Zone One: North Side Zone Two: Downtown, Hill District, Strip District, Polish Hill, Uptown Zone Three: South Side, Carrick, St. Clair Village, Arlington Heights Zone Four: Oakland, Squirrel Hill, Point Breeze Zone Five: East Liberty, Highland Park, Homewood Zone Six: West End, Brookline, BeechviewIn 2010 the average Pittsburgh police zone had 12.8 officers, 2.8 detectives, 1.2 sergeants and.5 lieutenants on duty during any 8 hour shift.
Citywide for any 8-hour 2010 shift this translates to 76.8 officers, 16.8 detectives, 7.2 sergeants and 3 lieutenants. In 1918 the city debuted a mounted squad, having had some mounted officers as early as 1906. Police motorcycles were first used by the bureau starting in 1910. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Investigations, Lavonnie Bickerstaff, this unit overlays the operations staff with the detective and inspector corps of the Police Bureau, its detective divisions are broken down into the following: Auto Task Force Arson Squad Burglary Squad Crime Stoppers Crime Scene Investigaton Dignitary & Witness Security Financial Crimes Task Force Forfeiture Gang Task Force Homicide Squad Missing Persons Narcotics Night Felony Squad Nuisance Bar Task Force Pawn Robbery Squad Sex Assault/Domestic Violence Squad Pittsburgh Police officers are members of the local Lodge of the Fraternal Order of Police. Headed by the Assistant Chief of Administration, this is the least visible unit of the bureau but one, the most essential.
It consists of eight major divisions. Intel Office of Municipal Investigations Police Academy/Training Personnel & Finance Property Room Records School Patrol Special Events Logistics Warrant Office Scott Schubert: Chief of Police Eric Holmes: Chief of Staff, Commander Thomas Stangrecki: Deputy Chief Anna Kudrav: Assistant Chief Lavonnie Bickerstaff: Assistant Chief Linda Rosato-Barone: Assistant Chief & Deputy Director of Public Safety Christopher Ragland: Zone 1 Commander Cristyn Zett: Zone 2 Commander Karen Dixon: Zone 3 Commander Daniel Herrmann: Zone 4 Commander Jason Lando: Zone 5 Commander Stephen M. Vinansky: Zone 6 Commander From 1901 to the early 1990s Pittsburgh Police were unique in having a "trial board" system of discipline. In 1996, after the deaths of two African-American men in Police custody, the ACLU and the NAACP filed a class action lawsuit against the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police, alleging a pattern of civil rights abuses. After an investigation, the U. S. Department of Justice joined the suit in January 1997, stating "that there is a pattern or practice of conduct by law enforcement officers of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police that deprives persons of rights and immunities secured and protected by the Constitution and laws of the United States".
After a brief court challenge, the City entered into a consent decree with the federal government in April 1997 that outlined the steps that it would take to improve its conduct. The decree was lifted from the Police Bureau in 2001, from the Office of Municipal Investigation in 2002. Community activists in Pittsburgh used a referendum to create an independent review board in 1997. A study commissioned by the U. S. Department of Justice in 2001 found that 70% of Pittsburgh's African-American residents believe it either "very common" or "somewhat common" for "police officers in Pittsburgh to use excessive force" and that only 48% feel that the Police are doing a "very good" or "somewhat good" "job of fighting crime", while 77% of white residents responded so. In February 2013, the FBI and IRS seized boxes of documents from police headquarters and the independent police credit union concerning thousands of deposits and withdrawals of taxpayer money from unauthorized accounts. Allegations have been made against former Chief Nate Harper, forced to resign on February 20, 2013 due to the FBI and IRS investigations.
On March 22, a Federal G
SouthSide Works is an open-air retail, office and residential complex located on the South Side of the city of Pittsburgh and just across the Monongahela River from the Pittsburgh Technology Center, the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University. The $300 million complex opened in stages between 2002 and 2004 and offers more than 34 acres of shops, offices and apartments, has a new urbanist design; the site has over 330,000 square feet of specialty retail, restaurant and apartment space. In addition, the site has 700,000 square feet of office space; the site first was a long time steel mill. Ling-Temco-Vought purchased Jones and Laughlin Steel Company in 1974 and merged with Republic Steel in 1985, which formed LTV Steel Co. LTV became the second largest steel producer in the nation. South Side Works was one of three LTV manufacturing facilities in Pittsburgh. One year following the merger, Republic Steel was forced to shut down as a result of foreign competition, high labor costs, a lack of modern equipment.
The property was abandoned until a city/county task force revitalized the area just south of downtown, Pittsburgh-based Oxford Development Company and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center constructed the state-of-the-art UPMC Sports Performance Complex on the most eastern boundary of the site. The Pittsburgh Steelers, of the National Football League, the NCAA Division I University of Pittsburgh Panthers football teams both utilize the complex's cutting edge equipment and fields as their primary training facility. On December 15, 2012 the megaplex theater on site was host to Tom Cruise, Robert Duvall, Rosamund Pike & David Oyelowo for the world premier of Jack Reacher. There were environmental concerns associated with the site’s redevelopment; the contaminants were Iron and Cyanide Metals. The total actual cost of remediation was $265 million, the project was funded by both the private and public sector. In 1996–1997, the Urban Redevelopment Authority completed major remediation, yet continued to model and assess groundwater on the site for contamination.
As of 1998, most of the assessment had concluded, as a result the site was safe for redevelopment. Developers, were required to clean up any contamination discovered during construction, to implement a Health and Safety Plan. Tax Increment Financing was used, adopted by the City and School Districts, to raise public funds for public infrastructure development; the TIF generated $25 million and was used for road and infrastructure improvements along with filling budget gaps for public parking structures. The site is a mix of office, recreational and retail use; the site generated private investment of $250 million, has 5,400 employment opportunities, 400 housing units, 1,500 jobs were created during the initial development period. Project Financing $23,427,461 City/URA Funding $16,250,000 Private Garage Funding $16,992,000 State Funding $12,525,000 Pittsburgh Water and Sewer Authority $25,000,000 Tax Increment Financing $11,000,000 HUD Section 108 Loans $1,500,000 HUD Brownfields Economic Development Initiative Grant $1,000,000 HUD Economic Development Initiative Grant $7,245,039 Other Sources $103,666,500 Total American Eagle Outfitters Global Headquarters REI Sur La Table UPMC Sports Medicine ComplexAlso, there is an 11-screen multiplex movie theater with over 1,700 stadium-style seats.
Aerie Forever 21 Urban Outfitters BD's Mongolian Grill Claddagh Irish Pub Crazy Mocha Coffee Company Hofbräuhaus The Cheesecake Factory McCormick & Schmick's Qdoba Mexican Grill The Pita Pit A 38,000 sq ft fitness center is being considered as well as the completion of close to 350,000 sq ft of 2nd and 3rd floor office space above the complex. A riverfront pavilion is planned for hosting smaller concerts by touring groups as well as the local Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. A 200-room hotel and 150 unit condo are planned for the site. New American Music Union Pittsburgh's Southside Works Pittsburgh Post-Gazette spotlight on Southside Work's apparel retailers Pittsburgh Tribune-Review detail of the overall project