Urbian

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Urbian or Urian is a possible Old European or Pre-Indo-European (Pre-IE) language proposed by Sorin Paliga (1989). Dr. Paliga hypothesized that the Proto-Indo-European (Proto-IE) language, the descendants of which have replaced the Pre-IE language(s), should not include a root-word corresponding to Latin urbs, as the Proto-IE were nomadic or semi-nomadic (in the Kurgan model and most reconstructions of IE society from the known words of their language). Therefore, Paliga proposes that a root reconstructed as *OR/UR- or *OL/UL-, meaning "huge, big, elevated" and used also to refer to an urban settlement, originated outside PIE, he suggests that it may be the source of a cross-cultural repertory of words spanning different language families, such as Latin urbs, "city", Thracian Az-oros, Uri (Swiss location), Basque uri, hiri "township", Greek lab-yr-inthos and Sumerian Urbillum, today the city of Irbil in Iraq.

However, many mainstream historical linguists, such as J.P. Mallory, are skeptical of alleged linguistic connections based on allegedly common individual roots rather than systematic sound change patterns that demonstrate similar shifts across a range of words.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Paliga, Sorin (Fall/Winter 1989). "Proto-Indo-European, Pre-Indo-European, Old European: Archaeological Evidence and Linguistic Investigation". The Journal of Indo-European Studies 17 (3&4).

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]

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  2. ^ "Sorin Paliga - Google Scholar Citations". Scholar.google.ro. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  3. ^ Taylor, Timothy (1987). "Aspects of Settlement Diversity and Its Classification in Southeast Europe before the Roman Period on JSTOR". World Archaeology. 19 (1): 1–22. doi:10.1080/00438243.1987.9980020. JSTOR 124495.
  4. ^ "Lexikon proto‑borealicum et alia lexica etymologica minora" (PDF). Researchgate.net. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  5. ^ Paliga, Sorin (24 June 2015). "The Pre-Indo-European Issue Revisited. The Old Slavic Heritage and Its Survival". ResearchGate.net. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Sorin Paliga_Etymological Lexicon of the Thracian Elements in Romanian". Scribd.com. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  7. ^ "PRE-INDO-EUROPEAN (OR 'MEDITERRANEAN') V. PROTO-BOREAL. SOME THOUGHTS ON PREHISTORIC LINGUISTIC RELATIONS" (PDF). Cyberleninka.ru\accessdate=5 December 2018.
  8. ^ "ARCHAIC PLACE NAMES IN SLOVENIA : PRE-INDO-EUROPEAN, INDO-EUROPEAN (ILLYRIAN, CELTIC, THRACIAN), EARLY ROMANCE" (PDF). Centerslo.si. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  9. ^ Paliga, Sorin (5 December 1999). "Thracian and Pre-Thracian Studies: Linguistic Papers Published Between 1986 and 1996". Sorin Paliga. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  10. ^ Paliga, Sorin (5 December 1993). "The tablets of Tǎrtǎria. An enigma ? A reconsideration and further perspectives". Dialogues d'Histoire Ancienne. 19 (1): 9–43. doi:10.3406/dha.1993.2073.