Urology known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. Organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, urinary bladder and the male reproductive organs; the urinary and reproductive tracts are linked, disorders of one affect the other. Thus a major spectrum of the conditions managed in urology exists under the domain of genitourinary disorders. Urology combines the management of medical conditions, such as urinary-tract infections and benign prostatic hyperplasia, with the management of surgical conditions such as bladder or prostate cancer, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities, traumatic injury, stress incontinence. Urological techniques include minimally invasive robotic and laparoscopic surgery, laser-assisted surgeries, other scope-guided procedures. Urologists receive training in open and minimally invasive surgical techniques, employing real-time ultrasound guidance, fiber-optic endoscopic equipment, various lasers in the treatment of multiple benign and malignant conditions.
Urology is related to oncology, gynaecology, pediatric surgery, colorectal surgery and endocrinology. Urology is one of the most competitive and sought surgical specialties for physicians, with new urologists comprising less than 1.5% of United States medical-school graduates each year. Urologists are physicians which have specialized in the field after completing their general degree in medicine. Upon successful completion of a residency program, many urologists choose to undergo further advanced training in a subspecialty area of expertise through a fellowship lasting an additional 12 to 36 months. Subspecialties may include: urologic surgery, urologic oncology and urologic oncological surgery and endourologic surgery and urogynecologic surgery, reconstructive urologic surgery, minimally invasive urologic surgery, pediatric urology and pediatric urologic surgery, transplant urology, voiding dysfunction, paruresis and androurology and sexual medicine. Additionally, some urologists supplement their fellowships with a master's degree or with a Ph.
D. in related topics to prepare them for academic as well as focused clinical employment. In 2014, there were 126 residency programs. Urology is one of the early match programs, with results given to applicants by late January. Applications are accepted starting Sep 1, with some programs accepting applications until early Jan, it is a competitive specialty to match into, with only 68% to 77% of US seniors matching between 2012 and 2015. The number of positions has grown from 278 in 2012 to 296 in 2015. Matching is more difficult for IMGs and students who have a year or more off before residency - match rates were 27% and 55% in 2012; the medical school environment may be a factor. A study in 2012 showed after an analysis of match rates from schools between 2005-09 that 20 schools sent more than 15 students into urology, with Northwestern University sending 44 students over those 5 years. After urology residency, there are 7 subspecialties recognized by the AUA: Oncology Calculi Female Urology Infertility Pediatrics Transplant Neurourology.
Training is completed through the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. The program requires 6 years of full-time training, or 5 years for those who commenced after 2016; the program is accredited by the Australian Medical Council. Pre-requisites include: Australian Citizenship, New Zealand Citizenship or Australian Permanent Residency General medical registration Completion of PGY2 Completion of the RACS Hand Hygiene Learning Module As a medical discipline that involves the care of many organs and physiological systems, urology can be broken down into several subdisciplines. At many larger academic centers and university hospitals that excel in patient care and clinical research, urologists specialize in a particular sub discipline. Endourology is the branch of urology, it has grown to include all minimally invasive urologic surgical procedures. As opposed to open surgery, endourology is performed using small cameras and instruments inserted into the urinary tract. Transurethral surgery has been the cornerstone of endourology.
Most of the urinary tract can be reached via the urethra, enabling prostate surgery, surgery of tumors of the urothelium, stone surgery, simple urethral and urethral procedures. The addition of laparoscopy and robotics has further subdivided this branch of urology. Laparoscopy is a evolving branch of urology and has replaced some open surgical procedures. Robot-assisted surgery of the prostate and ureter has been expanding this field. Today, many prostatectomies in the United States are carried out by so-called robotic assistance; this has created contr
Meic Stevens is a Welsh singer-songwriter referred to as "the Welsh Dylan", compared with Syd Barrett. Stevens's songs have a mystical, faintly psychedelic flavour, are sung in his native Welsh language. Still unknown outside Wales, he was discovered by DJ Jimmy Savile, who saw him performing in a Manchester folk club in 1965; this led to Stevens recording his first single - with arranger John Paul Jones - for Decca Records that same year, though it sold badly. In 1967 he suffered a nervous breakdown and retreated to his home village of Solva to recuperate, started to write songs in Welsh in a concerted effort to create a distinctive national pop music. From 1967-69 he recorded a series of now rare Welsh-language picture sleeve EPs; these were made for local labels like Sain and Wren, for whom he was one of the first artistes to record. He performed around Britain during the'60s, playing on recording sessions, he made a one-off English language LP, for Warner Bros. Records in 1970, but the contract was abandoned by mutual consent.
Today, like his other LPs of the period and Gog, it is rare and sought after. Today Stevens' psych-folk influence can be heard in contemporary Welsh groups such as Super Furry Animals and Gorky's Zygotic Mynci, his song "Cwm y Pren Helyg" was covered by Alun Tan Lan. Several CDs of his are available from the Sain label in Caernarfon, two volumes of his classic 1960s EPs have appeared on Sunbeam Records. Stevens can be found singing in certain pubs/hotels in Aberystwyth until the late hours, he can be seen performing throughout Wales and England at major festivals, pubs, theatres etc. He performs periodically in France Brittany where he is popular. Outlander Gwymon Gog Caneuon Cynnar Nos Du, Nos Da Gitâr yn y Twll dan Stâr Lapis Lazuli Gwin a Mwg a Merched Drwg Bywyd ac Angau/Life And Death Ware’n Noeth - Bibopalwla’r Delyn Aur Er Cof am Blant y Cwm Y Baledi - Dim ond Cysgodion Voodoo Blues Yn Fyw Ghost Town Mihangel Ysbryd Solva September 1965: The Tony Pike Session Disgwyl Rhywbeth Gwell i Ddod Outlander Meic a'r Gerddorfa Rain In The Leaves: The EPs vol. 1 Sackcloth & Ashes: The EPs vol. 2 Icarws An Evening With Meic Stevens: Recorded Live In London Gwymon Love Songs Meic Stevens biography from BBC Wales Meic Stevens News 2003 interview Review of An Evening with Meic Stevens: Recorded Live in London
Siddhartha Bank Limited is one of the largest private commercial bank in Nepal. The bank is an ‘A’ class commercial bank licensed by Nepal Rastra Bank and has 180 branches all across the nation with its head office in Kathmandu which provides entire commercial banking services and remittance services; the bank's shares are publicly traded as an'A' category company in the Nepal Stock Exchange. Siddhartha Bank Limited, established in 2002 and promoted by prominent personalities of Nepal, today stands as one of the growing banks in Nepal. While the promoters come from a wide range of sectors, they possess immense business acumen and share their valuable experiences towards the betterment of the Bank. Within a short span of time, Siddhartha Bank has been able come up with a wide range of products and services that best suits its clientele. Siddhartha Bank has been posting growth in its portfolio size and profitability since the beginning of its operations; the management of the Bank has been professional.
Siddhartha Bank has been able to gain significant trust of the customers and all other stakeholders to become one of the most promising commercial banks in the country in less than 15 years of its operation. The Bank is committed towards customer satisfaction; the range and scope of modern banking products and services the Bank has been providing is an example to its commitment towards customer satisfaction. It is this commitment, and the Bank is confident and hopeful that it will be able to retain this trust and move further towards its mission of becoming one of the leading banks of the industry. The bank has been maintaining harmonious correspondent relationships with various international banks from various countries to facilitate trade and other cross-border services. Through these correspondent, the bank is able to provide services in any major currencies in the world. List of banks in Nepal Commercial Banks of Nepal Official Website of Siddhartha Bank Limited Official Website of Nepal Rastra Bank