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Urraca of León

Urraca called the Reckless, was Queen of León, Galicia from 1109 until her death in childbirth. She claimed the imperial title as suo jure Empress of All Empress of All Galicia. Born in Burgos, Urraca was the eldest and only surviving child of Alfonso VI of León with his second wife Constance of Burgundy. Urraca’s place in the line of succession made her the focus of dynastic politics, she became a child bride at age eight to Raymond of Burgundy, a mercenary adventurer. Urraca's marriage to Raymond was part of Alfonso VI's diplomatic strategy to attract cross-Pyrenees alliances. Author Bernard F. Reilly suggests that, rather than a betrothal, the eight-year-old Urraca was wedded to Raymond of Burgundy, as he immediately appears in protocol documents as Alfonso VI's son-in-law, a distinction that would not have been made without the marriage. Reilly doubts that the marriage was consummated until Urraca was 13, as she was placed under the protective guardianship of a trusted magnate, her pregnancy and stillbirth at age 14 suggest that the marriage was indeed consummated when she was 13 or 14 years old.

In addition to this stillborn child, Urraca gave birth to two more children by Raymond: a daughter, Sancha Raimúndez and a son, Alfonso Raimúndez, who would become Alfonso VII. Raymond died in 1107. Urraca became again an heir presumptive after the death of her half-brother Sancho at the Battle of Uclés in 1108. Alfonso VI reunited the nobles of the Kingdom in Toledo and announced that his widowed daughter was the chosen one to succeeded him; the nobles demanded that Urraca should marry again. Several candidates for the hand of the heiress to the thrones of León and Castile appeared including counts Gómez González and Pedro González de Lara. Alfonso VI feared that the rivalries between Castilian and Leonese nobles would be increased if she married any of these suitors and decided that his daughter should wed Alfonso I of Aragon, known as the Battler, opening the opportunity for uniting León-Castile with Aragon. Marriage negotiations were still underway when Alfonso VI died on 29 June/1 July 1109 and Urraca became queen.

Many of Alfonso VI’s advisers and leading magnates in the kingdom formed a “quiet opposition” to the marriage of the queen to the King of Aragon. According to Bernard F. Reilly, these magnates feared the influence the King of Aragon might attempt to wield over Urraca and over Leonese politics. Urraca protested against the marriage but honoured her late father's wishes and continued with the marriage negotiations, though she and her father’s closest advisers were growing weary of Alfonso I's demands. Despite the advisers' opposition, the prospect of Count Henry of Portugal filling any power vacuum led them to go ahead with the marriage which took place in early October 1109 at the Castle of Monzón de Campos, with the major of the fortress, Pedro Ansúrez, acting as godfather of the wedding; as events unfolded, these advisers underestimated Urraca's political prowess, advised her to end the marriage. The marriage of Urraca and Alfonso I immediately sparked rebellions in Galicia and scheming by her illegitimate half-sister Theresa and brother-in-law Henry, the Countess and Count of Portugal.

They believed that the new marriage of Urraca could put in jeopardy the rights of the son of her first marriage, Alfonso Raimúndez. One of the first acts of the new spouses was to sign a pact under which the monarchs granted to each other soberana potestas over the other's kingdom, declaring heir of both their future children, in the case that the union was childless, the surviving spouse would succeed the other one in the throne. From the start, the Galician faction was divided in two tendencies: one headed by Diego Gelmírez, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela and another led by Count Pedro Fróilaz de Traba, tutor of the young prince. A third group of opposition to the royal marriage was at the court and was headed by Count Gómez González, whose motivation against Urraca and Alfonso I of Aragon could have been his fear of losing power, a sensation soon confirmed when Alfonso I appointed Aragonese and Navarrese nobles for important public posts and as holders of fortresses. From Galicia, the count of Traba began the first aggressive movement against the monarchs reclaiming the hereditary rights of Alfonso Raimúndez.

In response to the Galician rebellion, Alfonso I of Aragon marched with his army to Galicia and in 1110, reestablished the order there after defeating the local troops in Monterroso Castle. The Galician rebellion against the royal power was only the beginning of a series of political and military conflicts which, with the complete opposite personalities of Urraca and Alfonso I and their mutual dislike, gave rise to a continuous civil war in the Hispanic kingdoms over the following years; as their relationship soured, Urraca accused Alfonso of physical abuse, by May 1110 she separated from Alfonso. In addition to her objections to Alfonso's handling of rebels, the couple had a falling-out over his execution of one of the rebels who had surrendered to the queen, to whom the queen was inclined to be merciful. Additionally, as Urraca was married to someone many in the kingdom objected to, the queen's son and heir became a rallying point for opponents to the marriage

Lovers' Kiss

Lovers' Kiss is a 2003 Japanese romance movie directed by Ataru Oikawa based on a manga by Akimi Yoshida. This is a youth movie of six teenagers; the themes of homosexuality and sexual trauma are the main focus of the story. Rikako of the twelfth grade repeated play at night with her close Miki every day. One day she meets Tomoaki Fujii, who's rumoured to be the Don Juan of her school and impregnated a girl before getting an abortion in his father's hospital; this doesn't bother Rikako one bit. But Tomoaki, knowing Rikako's true intentions, shoves her aside. Rikako finds out that Tomoaki is quitting school to move to Okinawa, she attempts to understand him. From on, they form a close bond. Rikako Kawana:"The cold hand" in the story. Due to a childhood trauma involving molestation from a teacher, she became cold and detached from reality, confusing feelings of sex and love as all the same, her meeting with Tomoaki plays a huge part in. Tomoaki Fujii: Rumoured to be the "Don Juan" of the school, further rumours involve a girl impregnated by him having an abortion in his father's hospital.

However, contrary to popular belief, his world is not so enviable. Miki Ozaki : classmate, she fell in love with Rikako at first sight. Eriko Kawana :Rikako's younger sister. She's in love with Miki, therefore is jealous of Rikako. Ogata's classmate. Takao Sagisawa :He's in love with Tomoaki, knows of the pain Tomoaki's hiding. Atsushi Ogata :. Misako Fujii :Tomoaki's aunt Junko Fujii :Tomoaki's mother, part of his pain. LOVERS' KISS introduction LOVERS' KISS Report Lovers' Kiss on IMDb

Ramage & Ferguson

Ramage & Ferguson was a Scottish shipbuilder active from 1877 to 1934, who specialised in luxury steam-yachts with steel hulls and timber decks. They made several notable windjammers including the stunning five-masted København; the company was formed in May 1877 in the outer harbour area of the Water of Leith on the west side of the Shore in Leith, backing onto the relatively new Victoria Dock. Ships were launched into the Water of Leith limiting the maximum size of ship capable of launch. Production moved from iron to steel in 1880 and major expansions were made in 1892; the company gained a reputation for creating luxury steam yachts for the rich and famous. They made tramp steamers and various mid-sized vessels for East India service; the "Ferguson" of Ramage & Ferguson appears to have been a silent partner. The funder of the venture, there is some indication that Ferguson may have been Robert McNair Ferguson or connected to him in some way. In the First World War the company made two hospital ships for the Admiralty.

In 1918 their yard manager, Henry Robb, left to form his own rival shipbuilding company. Ramage & Ferguson got into financial difficulty in 1934 and was bought over by Henry Robb & Sons, an existing shipbuilder in Leith, as a secondary yard; the yard was used up until the 1970s and cleared of buildings in 1985. The slipway remained intact until around 1995 when it was built over to form a section of the Water of Leith Walkway; the position is still visible from the eastern bank. He was born on 28 June 1834 near Glasgow, he was apprenticed to William Denny and Brothers in Dumbarton around 1848, where he learnt his skills as a shipbuilder. In 1877 he founded Ramage & Ferguson; the identity of Ferguson is elusive. In 1900 he was living at 212 Ferry Road in Leith. By this time he had passed the business to his son, Alexander Gulliland Ramage, he is buried in Warriston Cemetery. The grave lies on the sloping diagonal path leading from the lower vaults to the now-sealed eastern entrance, he is thought to have been born in or near Glasgow around 1870.

He was his wife, Elizabeth Ogilvie Gulliland. He took over from his father Richard Ramage as partner and managing director of Ramage & Ferguson around 1895. In 1899 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Bruce Peebles, Ralph Stockman, Robert McNair Ferguson, Sir Francis Grant Ogilvie. At this time he lived at 9 Derby Street in the Newhaven district of Edinburgh. By 1910 he was living in a larger house at 8 Western Terrace in Edinburgh's West End, he lived at Lochcote Cottage near Torphichen. He was author of "The Dynamics of Thought and Impulse" He died at Lochcote Cottage on 21 February 1954. See SS Craigrownie wrecked 2 months after launch SS Craigallion renamed SS Ozama with a colourful history in USA SY Mount Carmel wrecked on Florida coast in 1916 SY Merrie England SPWS Henry Vinn paddle steamer Crown of India an attractive 4-masted barque sunk by a U-boat in 1915 SY Rondine for Prince Serignano of Naples renamed SY Sultana when sold to King Leopold II, King of the Belgians SS Fatshan for the China Navigation Company, scrapped 1933 SS Ancona for Currie Line of Leith, sunk by a U-boat in 1915 SS Ravenna sister ship to the Ancona for the Currie Line, sunk by a U-boat in 1917 SS Weimar ironically-named steam packer for the Currie Line, scrapped 1933 SS Zamora sister ship to SS Weimar SY Maha Chakri magnificent ship for the King of Siam, Rama V now in Liverpool CS Norseman Transatlantic cable-laying ship scrapped in 1925 RSY Valhalla a steam yacht built for Joseph Laycock owned by James Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford SS Vala for Salvesen & Co, one of the first ships with a bronze propeller SS Vina sister ship to SS Vala, purchased in 1944 by the Ministry of War for target practice SY Amélia IV for the King of Portugal SS Vienna for the Currie Line SS Palmella part of the re-equipping of the Ellerman Wilson Line who had heavy losses in the First World War SY København for the Danish government lost at sea 1928 SMY Naz Perwer a beautiful steam yacht for Prince Youssouf Kamal of Egypt SS Vyner Brooke for the King of Sarawak named after Sir Charles Vyner Brooke Brigantine Mercator for the Belgian government, now a museum ship at Ostend