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April 2, 1934 Dovid Shmidel Austrian-born Israeli rabbi April 2>08:57, 9 January 2018‎ Hoseinmasoumi.soccer!!


Edkaprov

"Even in the time of the Soviet Union, (Azerbaijan) was known to treat its Jewish community well, and there is no anti-Semitism there. We must continue strengthening our relations with Azerbaijan"[59]

Azerbaijan–Israel relations play strategically important role against a common adversary of both countries, Iran.[60] Recently, Lieberman supported Azerbaijan during 2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh[61][62]

59 Lahav Harkov (1 November 2015). "Liberman leads Israeli delegation observing Azeri election". Jpost.com. Retrieved 18 June 2018. 


/ 60 ROBERT SWIFT/ THE MEDIA LINE (2 November 2015). "Azerbaijan: Israel's secret Muslim friend". Jpost.com. Retrieved 18 June 2018.  /

/ 61 "What's Israel's Role in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict?". (may be wikilinked). 17 04 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2018.  Check date values in: |date= (help) 62 (may be wikilinked).  Missing or empty |title= (help);


Oren.tal Orly Levy]] is ninth of twelve children of David Levy(checd) Her brother Jackie Levy(checd) is a former mayor of Beit She'an and a member of Likud[1](checd 1-9)


JeffreyBNewman Editor.1210.wiki Danipoloner Batya Ivry-Friedman Moshliems Editer18 Jsaleman Lichaimel Karen teacher Medic505 Yvhsk2 Kpavlakovich

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_non-fiction_writers&diff=next&oldid=832171548

Asriel Günzig (1868–1931),Moravian rabbi (no more rabbis, scolers, booksellers, editors, writers, BIRTHS, DEATHS, lostice, Moravia, Kraków, Bern,Antwerp,Belgia, School) [2]: Rabbi Avrohom Rubinstein is secretary o the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah an a close confidant o rch kanievsky.

p.46 title=The passing of a Mussar Master by Shira Schmidt /Dov Yaffe died at 89. Was hospitalized at Laniado Hospital in Kiryat Sanz, Netanya. Born iv Vilna 1928. Moved to eretz Israel and setteled in telaviv wi his parents in 1935 where he studiedat Yeshivas Hishuv Hachadash and afrerwrd at the chevron, ponovezh and Slabodka yeshivos, he became the assistant to r elya lop Muddyis]]>this edit

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Undid by others[edit]

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{{{icon|[[File:Information.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]]}}} I wanted to let you know that [[special:diff/larger of the 2 numbers|this edit]] of yours has been undid because it appeared to be promotional. [[Wikipedia:What Wikipedia is not#Wikipedia is not a soapbox|Advertising]] and using Wikipedia as a "[[WP:SOAP|soapbox]]" are against Wikipedia policy and not permitted. Please take a look at the [[Wikipedia:Introduction|welcome page]] to learn more about Wikipedia.

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[[File:Information.svg|25px]] Hello, USERNAME, and [[Wikipedia:Welcoming committee/Welcome to Wikipedia|welcome to Wikipedia]]. It might not have been your intention, but in [[special:diff/larger of the 2 numbers|this edit]], you removed content from [[:name of page]]. When removing content, please specify a reason in the [[Help:Edit summary|edit summary]] and discuss edits that are likely to be controversial on the article's [[Wikipedia:Talk page|talk page]]. Take a look at the [[Wikipedia:Welcoming committee/Welcome to Wikipedia|welcome page]] to learn more about contributing to this encyclopedia, and if you would like to experiment, please use the [[Wikipedia:Sandbox|sandbox]].

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Hello, USERNAME, [[Wikipedia:Welcoming committee/Welcome to Wikipedia|welcome to Wikipedia]] and thank you for [[Special:Contributions/USERNAME|your contributions]].

[[File:Information.svg|25px]] In [[special:diff/larger of the 2 numbers|this edit]], you changed one or more words from one international variety of English to another. Because Wikipedia has readers from all over the world, our policy is to [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#National varieties of English|respect national varieties of English]] in Wikipedia articles.

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[[File:Information.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]] Hello, and [[Wikipedia:Welcoming committee/Welcome to Wikipedia|welcome to Wikipedia]]. [[special:diff/larger of the 2 numbers|this edit]] seemed to be a test and has been removed. If you want more practice editing, please use the [[Wikipedia:Sandbox|sandbox]].

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Not known to be archived in page history[edit]

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[[File:Information.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]] Hello. I noticed that you made one or more changes to [[name of article]] but you didn't provide a [[Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources|reliable source]]. It's been removed for now, but if you'd like to [[Wikipedia:Citing sources|include a citation]] and re-add it, please do so! If you need guidance on referencing, please see the [[Help:Referencing for beginners|referencing for beginners]] tutorial.

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Recent & undid by myself[edit]

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{{{icon|[[File:Information.svg|25px|alt=Information icon]]}}} Hello and [[Wikipedia:Welcoming committee/Welcome to Wikipedia|welcome to Wikipedia]]. Constructive contributions to [[Wikipedia:About|Wikipedia]] are appreciated, but [[special:diff/larger of the 2 numbers|this edit]] of yours has an [[Help:Edit summary|edit summary]] that appears to be inaccurate or inappropriate, the summaries are helpful to people browsing an [[Help:Page history|article's history]], so it is important that you use edit summaries that accurately tell other editors what you did. Feel free to use [[Wikipedia:Sandbox|the sandbox]] to make test edits. Thank you.

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Things to do[edit]

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abraham_Geiger&action=edit&section=5 check https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Jewish_Encyclopedia_text if to change to: To Geiger, Judaism was unique and meaningful because of its monotheism and ethics. He began to identify less with the “rigidity of Talmudic legalism, developed over centuries of ghettoization inflicted by Christian Intolerance... in medieval Christendom”,[3] that defined and confined the existence of Orthodox Judaism in the 19th century in Germany. He believed that, “the Torah, as well as the Talmud, should be studied critically and from the point of view of the historian, that of evolution [and] development.”[4] As Geiger grew into his adolescence and young adulthood, he began to establish a more liberal approach to and understanding of Judaism than his traditional Orthodox Jewish background dictated, he thus rejected Orthodox Jewish tradition in favor of a liberal outlook.

All are invited to help out with welcoming the following users. Don't wait for me to do it because I don't know when I'll get to it.

  • lfr*
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ISBN 0-88328-008-6 Ramban Nachmanides; Commentary on the Torah: Leviticus Rabbi C. Chavel, Trans Shilo Publishing House, Inc. 1974

DYK nsn wchtfgl Talk:John Seigenthaler http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/04/weekinreview/04seelye.html?scp=1&sq=John+Seigenthaler&st=nyt&_r=0

Avrohom Genachowsky[edit]

Avrohom Genachowsky[5] (Avraham Genechovsky[6]), an Orthodox Jewish rabbi and talmudic scholar , was a dean ("rosh yeshiva") at yeshivas tchebin, jlem.[6]

Born in tel aviv 1936. to em and gitta[6]

He studied for a short time in Ponevezh Yeshiva, and afterwards in yshivs slbdka, he was fluent in cho.m. and ev.haez. At his father’s request , he took the rabanut’s test on cho.m. and earned a mark of 100.[6]

nesanel gantz ami issue 90 oct 17 12> niftr 3am age76. born 1 tishre 1936.parents came from poland 1932.r e.m. served as 1 of the early religious MK and published many sforim till his death in 1971. married bas r refoel yonah and baila bronfeld.rry was son of r yosef and reb. sarah bronfeld.after death of r yosef sarah married r dbw of chebin . rdbw hired him to teach at his yeshiva where he remained till his death. publised chdr horsi in memory of imo. his students also published some of his divretora under the title B'nei Re'eim.

mishpacha issue 432 oct/31/12 pg 20> guesttribute by r menachm genack Avrohom Genachowsky ben eliyahu moshe. em was chavrusa with r y kamnetzky while in lomza and later MK for hapoel hamizrahi. eventualy r em opened a publishing house El Hamekorot. when he published the talmud r avrm yshaya karelitz gave him permision to include his commentaries on the condition that they would be orgenizd by r avrhm who was 17 at the time.

These commentaries were printed anonymously at the back of the new Talmud under the title Gilyonos Chazon Ish. =refname=hamodia[can ani omed bamodia]

mishpacha issue 432 oct/31/12 pg. 21>wrote his 1st sfr cheder horasi on horios in memory of his mothr Gita. 30,000 people at lvaya .wife was rebtzin esther stepgranddaughter of chebinr rov. she allowed him to remain in Jlem all week.

Hamodia Dec/5/12 p. C49 title=Harav Avrohom Genechovsky, zt"l During his final several months, he suffered from pancreatic cancer.

Rabbi Avraham Genichovsky, ry Tchebin d. 25tishre.<Hamodia Sep/16/13 Year in Review 5773 pg. 30>

Category:Israeli Rosh yeshivas Category:2012 deaths? Category:Deaths from pancreatic cancer? "הגאון רבי אברהם גניחובסקי זצ"ל". Kol Chai (in Hebrew). 11/10/2012.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

List of Hasidic dynasties=chek kminka, sulits, lutsk

check pages that link to Tohorot‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎

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Zav 

Template:Brisker Family Tree>add other children of Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik (see Infobox) ami living march 13 13 issue 111 pg. 25 Living with Hyperhidrosis chaber>links, refs. Demai>links, refs.

Binah July/15/13 p. 60 Penina Neiman born Sculen 1898. Immigrated to America in 1960. 1962 he established Mosdos...in 1970 he met with Senator Henry Jackson in Wash. to secure his help in the release of Jews from communist countries, which resulted in the Jackson-Vanick Ammendment. Binah July/15/13 p. 61 Transnistria is referred to as "The Forgotten Cemetery." It existed as a geographic entity from 1941 to 1944, and refers to an area in Ukraine that was captured by German and Romanian troops during WW2. Close to 150,000 Jews were deported to Transnistria from Bessarabia, Bukovina, and northern Moldavia between Sep. 41 and the fall of 42, of which 90,000 were murdered and many others died of starvation and exposure. Many citizens of Ukraine collaborated with the Nazis, assisting them in murdering the Jews in Transnistria, and many of those collaborators later rose to become Communist Party leaders. Sources: Yad Vashem and The Nizkor Project. Mishpacha issue=436 Nov/28/12 Yonoson Rosenblum Yeshiva of Greater Washington RY Rabbi Aaron Lopiansky. Mishpacha issue=436 Nov/28/12 p=34 Rabbi Yehuda Amit RY Kiryat Malachi, Israel. Studied at Hebron and Yeshivas HaNegev; in the Footsteps of the Maggid. Paysach J. Krohn. First Edition Dec. 1992 ISBN 089906597x Parameter error in {{isbn}}: Invalid ISBN. Mesorah Publications p. 119 the Bobover Rebbe, R. Shlomo Halberstam, started a small yeshiva for sixteen boys in the West Side of Manhat, the Maggid Speaks. Paysach J. Krohn. First Edition. ISBN 0899062318 Mesorah Publications p. 80 R Chaim Sanzer (1793-1876) author of Divrei Chaim. Sanzer Rav.

1. Chek 1. JE/ 2. here (ifnot, then googl) if there's info. on Jewish surname זק"ש (1. Zaks/ 2. Zachs/ 3. Saks/ 4. Sachs) to corespond with He. & Ru. articls. If yes delete 2. If not goto 2. 2. Chek here if there are enough Jews named 1. Zaks/ 2. Zachs/ 3. Saks/ 4. Sachs to create page Zaks/ Zachs/ Saks/ Sachs (Jewish surname). Talk:Kashrut> Restrictions (25 June 09) fixed (info about non-dietary enjoyment for meat&milk added). Talk:Kashrut> Principles (11 Nov 09) fixed (eats other animals is permitted or not). (17:35 11 Feb.) sources for (סודי רזיא): [1] Idel...p. 296 (not found) [4] Gelbin...2011 (not found) [5] Introduction...-23 (done) [6] Golems,...-23 (blocked by filter) Change 6A מגלת ספר יחוס שערי אפרים לראב"ש.

Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=Novardok: The Sealed Treasure by Hillel Goldberg p.138>Joseph Jozel Horwitz 1849-1919. Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=Novardok in the French Countryside by Avi Tuchmayer p.146>Yosef Yossel Horwitz. Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=A Conversation with Rav Chaim Halpern of Armentières-en-Brie by Yitzchok Frankfurter p.164>Joseph Jozel Horwitz. Joseph Hurwitz founded yes. and kolel there in 1896.Template:Cite encyclopedia article=Novogrudok author of section= Yehuda Slutsky Encyclopaedia Judaica edition=2nd volume=15 page=321 Novardok yesh.>In its heyday, the network had 40 schools and 6,000 students.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=A Conversation with Rav Chaim Halpern of Armentières-en-Brie by Yitzchok Frankfurter p.161-162> Ger. lib.>In its heyday, the network had 40 schools and 6,000 students.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=A Conversation with Rav Chaim Halpern of Armentières-en-Brie by Yitzchok Frankfurter p.161-162>

Some criticized the Nov. method saying the strong focus on mussar took away time from Gemara study.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=Ami issue 136 Sep/15/13 title=Novardok in the French Countryside by Avi Tuchmayer p.146> Prisoner X Ben Zeiger (Zygier) 9.12.76-15.12.2010.<Hamodia Sep/16/13 Year in Review 5773 pg. 26> Rabbis Yaakov Yosef, Rav of Givaat Moshe d. 2 Iyyar 5773. Shmuel Shmelke Rubin Sulitzer Rebbe of Far Rockaway d. 10 tamuz 5773. Mendel Weinbach ry Ohr Somayach d. 27 kislev 5773. Moshe Ernster d. 25 teves 5773. Yerachmiel Shlomo Rothenberg ry Zichron Meyir, Mountaindale d. 23 Adar 5773. Menachem Monderer, Kossover Rebbe of Jlem d. 24 Iyyar 5773. Shmuel Elchonon Brog maggid shiur at Yeshivah Rabbi Chaim Berlin d. 29 kislev 5773. Chaim Twersky of bp d. 14 tamuz 5773.<Hamodia Sep/16/13 Year in Review 5773 pg. 30>

Rabbis Shlomo Leib Brevda, mashpia, d. 26 tebes5773.[7] Yehoshua Y. Neuwirth Shemiras Shabbos K'Hilchaso d. 2 tamuz5773.[8] Shachne Zohn Rosh Kollel of Kollel Kodshim V'taharos d. 8 tebes5773.[9] Amram Zaks ry slabodke d. 20 kislev5773.[10]

Chaim Halberstam was a disciple of Rabbi Sholom Rokeach.[11] Zadok HaKohen was a disciple of Rabbi Sholom Rokeach.[12] Rabbi Shalom of Kaminka was a disciple of Rabbi Sholom Rokeach of Belz.[13] Rabbi Yehoshua of Lezsno (Lechno) was a disciple of Rabbi Sholom Rokeach of Belz.[14] David Twersky> Hanukah [2000] wearing his kulpik in honor of Hanukah visited Clinton at the Oval Office. He asked him to pardon four of his followers who had been sentenced to many years in a federal penitentiary and Clinton promised him that he will do "whatever I can."[15] Yosef Yoizel Hurvitz<last=Krohn first= Paysach J. editor1=Nosson Scherman editor2==Meir Zlotowitz title=In the Footsteps of the Maggid edition=First month= Dec. year='92 isbn=089906597X publisher=Mesorah Publications location=USA page=264> Meir Zlotowitz, president of Artscroll/Mesorah Publications (founded 1976), general editor alongside Rabbi Nosson Scherman, and chairman of the company's non-profit arm, the Mesorah Heritage Foundation. native of Bklyn. lives in BP. student and musmakh of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein at Mesivta Tiferes Yerushalayim. Began his career in 1966 in graphic arts; in 1976 he teamed up with Rabbi Nosson Scherman and together they wrote a commentary on the Book of Esther which was so well received that Rabbis Yaakov Yitzchok Ruderman, Mordechai Gifter, Moshe Feinstein, Yaakov Kamenetsky, and others, urged them not to stop there; and so, they went on to found Mesorah Publications, the largest Jewish publisher in the US. During the first year, they published the five Scrolls and a Haggadah by Rabbi Joseph Elias, their most popular imprint is ArtScroll.[16]

Rabbi Yitzchak of Bohush-Bnei Brak and his brother, Rabbi Dovid of Ploiesti, were sons of Rabbi Shalom Yosef of Shpikov, son of Rabbi Dovid of Bohush, son of Rabbi Yitzchak, sometimes referred to as the "Pachad Yitzchak" of Bohush (not to be confused with his first cousin, the Pachad Yitzchak of Boyan, son of Rabbi Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura), son of Rabbi Shalom Yosef, eldest son of Rabbi Yisrael of Ruzhin.[17] Olafur Ragnar Grimsson is married to Dorit, daughter of Shlomo Moussaieff, an Israeli-Bukharan jewelry dealer residing in England.<Mishpacha last=Ginsberg first=Rachel title=Power Trips issue=478 date=Oct/2/13 page=55> Yeshiva Shaar Hatorah-Grodno USA ry Rabbi Zelik Epstein.<title=In the Footsteps of the Maggid edition=First month= Dec. year='92 isbn=089906597X publisher=Mesorah Publications location=USA page=7> The yeshiva @ IDT www.idtyeshiva.com ry Rabbis Dovid Weiss and Shmuel Skaist.<Mishpacha issue=478 date=Oct/2/13 page=57> The Melitzer Rebbe of BP is Rabbi Shia Horowitz.<Hamodia last=Weissman first= Avraham Oct/2/13 pg. D20> The Jewish hotel industry of the Borsht Belt began in the 1920s as a reaction by Jews to the discrimination against them, constantly being banned from hotels in America.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=172> Borsht Belt>(Today), the Orthodox Jews who flock to the region each summer provide commerce that the area would not have otherwise.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=172> Several reasons have been offered to explain the failure of the Borsht Belt: The growth of the airline industry; people preferring to vacation at places like Europe, Atlantic City or Las Vegas and no longer interested in Jewish hotels; and women starting to take a more active role in the work force.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=172> Borsht Belt>The Laurels in Sackett Lake was burned down in the 1990s.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=174> Borsht Belt>Grossinger's still has a lot of structures standing.<magazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=176> Borsht Belt>Some of the hotels have been converted into rehab centers, meditation centers or Orthodox Jewish hotels and resorts.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Frankfurter first=Yitzchok title=Ruins of the Borscht Belt: A Photo Essay and Conversation with Documentary Photographer Marisa Scheinfeld issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=176> During the early years of Bar Kochba's rebellion, the Romans were in firm control of the cities of Judea as they had been since the destruction of the second Temple. Bar Kochba and his troops had to hide in caves and in underground villages carved into solid rock, these underground villages contained storerooms, living quarters for families and troops, large rooms for assembly, underground olive presses (to make fuel for the lamps that lit the dark chambers and hallways), subterranean dovecotes (to supply eggs and fowl for food) and great cisterns to capture and hold the winter rains. Since 1978, more than 300 such subterranean outposts have been discovered, the Roman historian Dio Cassius indicates that there were nearly 1,000 underground habitats. 50 fortresses were built under Bar Kochba's command. The largest fortress and the capital of his desert kingdom was the Herodium fortress, located seven miles south of Jerusalem, first built by the Judean tyrant Herod the Great around 23 BCE, a man-made mountain, 330 feet high, with four guard towers facing the four directions of the compass.<url=https://issuu.com/amimagazine/docs/epub_ami136%7Cmagazine=ami last=Reznick first=Leibel title=Bar Kochba's Esrog issue=136 Sep/15/13 page=183>

he:המגיד מלוצק Rabbi Shlomo Flam was known as the Lutzker Maggid. He was a disciple of Rabbi [[Dov Ber of Mezeritch].<Ami Living Sep/12/12 P. P. Herzog p. 40>

Yeshiva Beth Moshe, Scranton, PA - ry Rabbis Yaakov Schnaidman <Tanna Devei Eliyahu, Scranton, PA. 2013 ISBN 1-892692-34-1 p. vii > and Chaim Bressler. Tanna Devei Eliyahu translated and annotated by Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Finkel, Scranton, PA. 2013. Volume I (Chapters 1-11) ISBN 1-892692-34-1. Volume II (Chapters 12-22) ISBN 1-892692-35-X. Volume III (Chapters 23-31; Eliyahu Zuta Chapters 1-4) ISBN 1-892692-36-8. Rabbi Aaron Kotler ry Kleck, Poland, p.e.w. Nieźwieski Rabbi Avrohom Chaim Levin ry Yeshivas Telshe Chicago Rabbi Dovid Olewski ry Gerrer Mesivta Rabbi Yitzchak Glizel ry Yagdil Torah Jlem Rabbi Yitzchok Wasserman ry ישיבה תורת חיים דנוור Rabbi Zalman Leib Bernstein ry Ohr Torah, Lakewood BP Noah Dear. Yossi Klein HaLevi. Meir Laufer, Chaya Newman, Yakov Perlow, Yechezkel Roth. Yossi Klein Halevi grew up in BP.<Ami issue 94 pg. 22 Yitta Halberstam Mandelbaum Nov/14/12>

Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymos of Worms (died c. 1238), ס'הרקח , חכמת הנפש , מעשה הרקח , Perush al Sefer Yeẓirah, ס' מעשים יין הרקח , שערי הסוד והיחוד והאמונה in כוכבי יצחק XVII (1862), 7-15.[18]

Sefer Ḥasidim is attributed to Judah (the Pious) ben Samuel of Regensburg (died 1217).[19] Sodot HaTefilah, Hebrew manuscript ascribed to Naḥmanides, but really by Eliezer of Worms.[20] Judah the Pious wrote in his testament(Ẓavaat R. Jehudah HeḤasid in Sefer Ḥasidim, Lemberg 1863; 1867; Frankfort 1924[21]) that none of his descendants shall be called by his name, Judah, nor by his father's name, Samuel. However, the usual procedure in traditional Judaism is to name children after ancestors.[22] Hollekreisch is a ceremony that was observed by German Jews,[23] at which a child was given his or her secular name.[24]The Jewish boy receives his Hebrew name at his circumcision;[25] the girl usually upon the Shabbat after birth.[26] However, Jews have also traditionally borne secular or vulgar names drawn from the nomenclature of the people in whose midst they reside, these secular cognomens usually correspond to the Hebrew, either as colloquial forms or translations, or related only by sound or appearance. The ceremony called Hollekreisch marked the bestowal of the secular name upon the child, the ceremony comprised these features: the baby (or the cradle containing the baby) was lifted three times, usually by children, and each time the name was shouted out by the guests in unison. This shouting often followed a formula such as "Hollekreisch! What shall this child's name be?" with the appropriate response, or "Holle! Holle! This child's name shall be...".<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 42> Pope Pius IX, for one, was reported to be possessed of the evil eye. This belief stems from the reaction of the people to the piercing and vital qualities that often illumine the eyes of people of strong personality.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 54> At the tomb of Rabbi Simon bar Yohai in Meron, written entreaties for the saint's aid are customarily heaped about his sepulcher.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 64> Gehinnom is the realm in which the wicked expiate their sins. On Shabbat its fires are banked, its tortures suspended, the spirits who are serving time there released to roam the earth, at eventide, the angel Dumah, who has charge over the souls of the wicked, herds them back to another week of torment.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 66> In the Geonic period, a highly esoteric doctrine grew up, portions of which were recorded in such works as the Hechalot, Otiot de R. Akiba, and parts of Sefer Raziel.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 72> The Aramaic Incantation Texts from Nippur were published by James A. Montgomery, Philadelphia 1913.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 329> The Sword of Moses was edited by Moses Gaster, London 1896.<(Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 321> Petitions were often addressed to Heaven by way of the intervening angels. According to Jewish tradition, G understands all languages, but the angels only listen when they are addressed in Hebrew which is the official language of the celestial court; in the case of an invalid, however, there is no need for the intervening angels, since the Shechina, the Presence of G, hovers over the head of the invalid, and receives the prayer directly.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 74> Dumah presides over the realm of the dead.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 76> A vast mystic lore of angel-names was inherited by medieval Jews, end expanded by them, so that many were initiated into these mysteries, and possessed the power to invoke the spirits.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 80> The German Kabbalah of the thirteenth century insisted upon the mysterious powers inherent in the letters of the Hebrew alphabet and developed an art of combining these letters to evoke from them their highest potency.[27] The thirteenth-century German Hasidim (Pietists and Mystics).[28] Yet, in general, medieval Jews were skeptical of their own ability to imbue dead matter with life, and modestly confessed that manipulation of Names of such a high order was beyond them; in Jüdischer Theriak, published in 1615 as a reply to the animadversions of the apostate Samuel Friedrich Brenz (in his book Schlangenbalg) against the Jews, Zalman Zevi of Aufenhausen wrote: "The renegade said that there are those among the Jews who take a lump of clay, fashion it into the figure of a man, and whisper incantations and spells, whereupon the figure lives and moves." To this, Zevi replied, that he himself must be fashioned from just such kneaded lumps of clay and loam, without any sense or intelligence, and that his father must have been just such a wonder worker, for as he writes, "we call such an image a homer golem [an unshaped, raw mass of material], which may be rendered "a monstrous ass" [a pun], which I say is a perfect description of him. I myself have never seen such a performance, but some of the Talmudic sages possessed the power to do this, by means of the Book of Creation [...] We German Jews have lost this mystical tradition, but in Palestine there are still to be found some men who can perform great wonders through the Kabbalah. Our fools [another pun on the word golem] are not created out of clay, but come from their mothers' wombs." His heavy sarcasm expressed the general Jewish attitude on the subject - it can be done, but no longer by us.[29] Nathan Hanover compiled a Kabbalistic סידור.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 93> Nathan ben Moses Hanover (d. c. 1663), Yeven Meẓulah, Sha'are Ẓion.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 321> According to Josh. Trach., the Kapparah rite was first mentioned in early Geonic times, and probably originated toward the end of the Talmudic period.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 163>

The procedure that prevailed in the Middle Ages, and is mentioned in Geonic writings, involved the slaughter of a cock for the male, a hen for the female, on the eve of Yom Kippur (in Geonic times a ram, lamb, or goat might also be used), after the following ritual: the fowl was passed three times around the head of the subject, while various Biblical passages were recited; the announcement was then made, "This fowl is my substitute, this is my surrogate, this is my atonement."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 163-164> Some texts add, "May it be designated for death, and I for life." After the fowl was slaughtered, the entrails were thrown on the roof for the birds. The usual procedure was to present the fowl to the poor as an act of charity in accordance with the verse (Prov.) "צדקה תציל ממות," but some rabbis favored rather the distribution of the money value of the bird, for when it's given to a poor man, he might say, that man has transferred his sins to the cock, and I seem to him of so little worth that he sends it to me. In Spain the rite did not meet with the approval of several of the leading authorities, the earliest editions of the Shu"A, the authorative law code of Modern Jewry, contain the opinion of its author, Rabbi J. Caro, that this is "a silly custom" and its observance "should be checked"; under the influence of the sixteenth-century Polish annotator, Rabbi M. I., the first words were eliminated from later editions.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 164> Caro, Joseph ben Ephraim (1488-1575) Shulhan Aruch.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 318>

The following account, quoted by Rashi from a Geonic source, describes a different form of this rite which was no longer followed during the Middle Ages: two or three weeks before RH the head of the family planted beans in little baskets, one for each member of the family; when these sprouted on the eve of RH he would circle the head of each individual with his basket seven times, saying, "This is in place of this person, this is his surrogate, this is a substitute for him," and through it into the river.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 163>

The rite of Tashlich, observed on the first day of RH, derives its name from the words of Micah 7:19, "Cast (tashlich)... all their sins." The first direct reference to it in its modern form is by Rabbi Jacob Mölln (Maharil, died 1425<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 165>),<Jacob ben Moses Mölln (c. 1365-1427), Sefer Maharil, Responsa. (Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 319)> and the general impression has therefore been that it originated not earlier than the fourteenth century, with the German Jews. Tashlich was postponed if the first day of RH fell on Shabbat.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 165> During the Passover Seder a cup of wine is filled expressly for the Prophet Elijah,<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 166-167> who is believed to visit every Jewish home on that occasion, and the door is opened for him to enter. During the same service there is a late custom, which arose in German-Jewish circles, to pour out a drop of wine at the mention of each of the ten plagues.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 167> Barnacle-goose (Branta leucopsis)> In Jewish literature, its place of origin was described by several theories: trees, from which the birds grow like fruit and hang by their beaks until they fall off, rotting wood, brine, etc.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 183> The Talmud mentions כוס עקרים.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 188> Jeremiah's daughter entered a hot bath soon after her father had left it, and there received her father's seed. The son of this conception was named Ben Zera', "son of seed," but when he grew older and came to understand the significance of his name he was ashamed of it and changed it to Ben Sira, by which pseudonym he is known as the author of Ecclesiasticus.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 189> According to the Talmud, a heavy step detracts one five-hundredth from the light of the eyes, and the recital of the Kiddush in the Synagogue on Friday evening... In Geonic times this was taken to mean either drinking the Kiddush wine (the opinion of RH"G) or bathing the eyelids with this wine (Rabbi Natronai Gaon).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 195> The only remedy Rabbi Israel Isserlein<Israel Isserlein (died 1460), Terumat HaDeshen, Pesakim Uketabim, Sefer Biure Maharai. (Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 319)> used for his gout was occasionally to rub warm urine over the aching area.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 203> According to the explanation of Rabbi Moses of Coucy, one who changes his name declares to the angels, "I am not the person you are seeking, I am not the one who committed the sins you charge me with."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 204-205>

During the Middle Ages the customary procedure was to find a new name by opening the Bible at random and choosing the first one that appeared. Rabbi Israel Bruna, in his responsa,<Israel Bruna, Responsa, Stettin 1860. (Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 319)> protested against the adoption of the name of a wicked person, when such was found first, and ordered it to be passed over for the first righteous one, citing "ztl" (Prov. 10:7). Rabbi Israel Isserlein<Israel Isserlein (died 1460), Terumat HaDeshen, Pesakim Uketabim, Sefer Biure Maharai. (Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 319)> demanded that the new name contain not a single letter of the old and that it have a greater numerical value, although when he changed his son's name during his illness he did not adhere to those requirements.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 205>

This change of name is effected before ten persons by an expert reader who holds a scroll of the Torah in his hands while he repeats a prescribed formula attributed to the Geonim, notifying the heavenly authorities of the change, and requesting them to consider this person as not identical with the one who bore his former name, "for he is another man, like unto a newborn creature, an infant who has just been born unto a long and good life." The new name then becomes the true name, even if the old still remains in use.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 205> To quote the rabbis, "Everything is in the Hand of G, except the fear of G" (Ber. 33b).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 208> The "dream fast" and the rite of "turning a dream to good" were instituted in Talmudic times as methods for counteracting the effect of a bad dream. These, together with the expiatory acts of repentance, prayer and charity, were held to be effective, and were observed by famous rabbis such as Meir of Rotnbrg and Israel Iserlein.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 245> "Three require protection [from the demons]: an invalid, a bridegroom and a bride. Another version has it: an invalid, a women in confinement, a bride and a groom, some add, also a mourner." (Ber. 54b).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 281> Rashi (Ber. 62a) writes: "A scholar needs special protection against demons, because they are more envious of scholars than of other men."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 297-298> RSHBM maintains that while the fifth cup might not be necessary so far as fear of demons was concerned, it might still be effective against magic (RSHBM and Tos., Pes. 109b, s. v. Raba).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 293> Ber. 6a: "If one wishes to see the evil spirits, he must take the afterbirth of a first-born black cat, which is the daughter of a first-born black cat, burn it and grind it to a powder, and put the ash in his eye."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 295> An early Yiddish "Vrauen Büchlein" (Mizvat HaNashim, Venice 1552, ch. 47) reassured its readers that an amulet worn to the ritual bath is no impendiment to the performance of the rite and need not be removed.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 295> Richard Mauvoisin, a fourteenth century Archbishop of Aix, had a Jewish astrologer named Moses carve some seals on his pastoral ring to avert disease and bring him fortune (Thorndike, III, 19).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 295> Lynn Thordike, The Place of Magic in the Intellectual History of Europe, N. Y. 1905; A History of Magic and Experimental Science, 4 vols., N. Y. 1923-1934.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 332> mezuzah>A Talmudic remark to the effect that affixing the mezuzah improperly may be a source of harm is subjected? to opposing interpretations by Rashi and his grandson R. Tam: Rashi says, "This is dangerous because if it is not properly attached the house is not protected against demons"; R.Tam says, "If it is set up in an awkward place one may strike against it and hurt himself" (Toledot Adam veḤavah, 21:7, p. 143a<Jeroḥam ben Meshullam, תולדות אדם וחוה, Kopys 1808.(Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 319)>).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 297> lel shimurim>A statement in the Mekilta (ed. M. Friedmann, Vienna 1870, p. 16b) turns the "night of protection" into a night when "all Israel requires protection."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 297> Simon Duran (died 1444) defended at length the reliability of dreams even in questions of science, medicine and mathematics. Many questions in medicine, he asserted, were solved in dreams by Galen, Ibn Zohr, and others (Malter, Dreams, 203<Henry Malter, Dreams as a Cause of Literary Compositions, Studies in Jewish Literature in honor of Prof. Kaufmann Kohler, Berlin 1913. (Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 329)>).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 309>

According to Tyrnau,<Isaac Tyrnau, Sefer Minhagim, Warsaw 1869 (Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319)> Minhagim, 22a, § 133, Meir of Rotnbrg was "expert in interpreting dreams."<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 310> We call good fortune, good mazal, and the reverse, bad mazal.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 311 citing Levita,(=Elijah Levita (1468-1549) ס' התשבי Grodno 1805. Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 318) Tishbi, s. v. mazal> Abraham ben Nathan (c. 1300). ס' המנהיג.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Alexander Süsslein HaKohen (died 1349) ס' האגודה<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Baruch b. Isaac (c.1200) ס' התרומה<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Eleazar b. Abraham Altschul (c 1600), Sefer Kne Ḥochma Kne Binah<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Eliezer ben Joel הלוי (died c. 1235), Sefer Rabiah, <Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Eliezer ben Nathan of Mainz, ס' אבן העזר (Raben) <Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz (died 1198), Sefer Yereim, <Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Epstein, Jeḥiel Michel, Kiẓur Shelah<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Gans, David (1541-1613), נחמד ונעים<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Horowitz, Abraham ben Shabbetai, Yesh Noḥalin, עמק הברכה , Brit Abraham.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 318> Horowitz, Shabbetai ben Israel, Ẓavaah at the end of Yesh Noḥalin.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Ḥayim ben Beẓalel (died 1588), אגרת הטיול , ספר החיים , Vikuaḥ Mayim Ḥayim.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Isaac ben Eliakim of Posen, Lev Tov<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Isaac ben Eliezer, Sefer HaGan<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Isaac ben Joseph of Corbeil, Sefer Miẓvot Katan (Semak).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Isaac ben Judah הלוי , Pa'aneaḥ Raza, (second half of 13th century).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Isaac ben Moses of Vienna (c. 1200-1270), Or Zarua'<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Jacob HaLevi of Marvège, She'elot Uteshubot min HaShamayim.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Jacob ben Meir Tam (1100-1171), ס' הישר.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Jacob Weil, Responsa, Hanau 1630.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Menaḥem of Merseburg, Nimuke R. Menaḥem, at end of Responsa of Rabbi Jacob Weil, Hanau 1630.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 320> Joseph הכהן (1496-1580), 'Emek הבכה.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Joseph (Joslein) ben Moses (c. 1420-1488), Leket Yosher.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Joseph Yuspa Hahn (died 1637), Joseph Omeẓ<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Judah (Löw) ben Beẓalel (died 1609), Or Ḥadash, Derech Ḥayim, Netivot 'Olam.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 319> Judah ben Simon Ashkenazi of Tiktin, B'er Heteb.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Abraham Klausner, Sefer Minhagim.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Ma'aseh Book, trans. by Moses Gaster. Philadelphia 1934.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Meir ben Baruch of Rothenburg, Responsa, Cremona 1557. Sefer Sha'are Teshubot Maharam bar Baruch, ed. M. Bloch, Berlin 1891. Responsa, ed. M. Bloch, Budapest 1895.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Meir ben Gedaliah (Maharam) of Lublin (d. 1616).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Mordecai ben Abraham Jaffe (c. 1530-1612), Lebush, 5 parts.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Mordecai ben Hillel, Sefer HaMordecai, Riva di Trento 1559.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Moses ben Ḥanoch Altschul, Brantspiegel, Frankfort 1703.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Moses Kohen ben Eliezer, Sefer Ḥasidim Tinyana.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Moses Isserles (1530-1572), Responsa, Torat Ha'Olah,<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 320> Torat Ḥatat.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... pg. 321> Moses ben Jacob of Coucy, Sefer Miẓvot Gadol (Semag).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Moses ben Abraham Mat, Mateh Moshe.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Moses ben Menaḥem of Prague, Zera' Kodesh, Fürth 1696.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Moses Minz, Responsa.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Moses Taku (or of Tachau; d. c. 1290), Ketab Tamim, in"Oẓar Neḥmad, III (1860) pp. 54-99. <Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Müller, Joel, Teshubot Ḥachme צרפת ולותיר, Vienna 1881.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Naftali Herz ben Jacob Elḥanan, 'Emek HaMelech.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Rashi (Solomon ben Isaac) (1040-1105). Works attributed to Rashi, but composed by his pupils are: Sefer HaPardes; Sefer HaOrah, ed. Solomon Buber, Lemberg 1905; Siddur Rashi, ed. Solomon Buber, Berlin 1910-1911.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Samson ben Ẓadok (d. 1312), SeferTashbeẓ.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Teshubot HaGeonim, ed. Jacob Musafia, Lyck 1864; ed. Abraham Harkavy, Berlin 1887.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Yeḥiel of Paris, Vikuaḥ Rabenu Yeḥiel mi Paris, Thorn 1873.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Yom Tob ben Solomon Lipmann-Mülhausen, Sefer Niẓaḥon, HaEshkol and Kavvanat HaTefilah.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Ẓebi Hirsch Kaidanover (d. 1712), Kab HaYashar.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 321> Ẓedekiah ben Abraham HaRofeh, Shibbole HaLeket.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 322> Eẓ Ḥayim, Hebrew manuscript by Jacob ben Judah Ḥazan of London, written in 1287; partial edition by Hermann Adler, Leipzig 1896.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 322> Sefer Gematriot, also entitled Sefer Eliyahu. Hebrew manuscript.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 322> Tur O"CH, No. 113 quotes statement of Rabbi Jeḥiel ben Asher that the ḥaside Ashkenaz counted the number of words in the prayers and investigated why this number was chosen.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 322> V. Aptowitzer, Tikkun Mezuzah lefi Ba'ale HaSod, Haẓofeh, II (1912), 100-2; Issur Shetiat Mayim Besha'at HaTekufah, ibid., 122-6.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 322> J. D. Eisenstein, Oẓar Dinim Uminhagim, N. Y. 1917.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 324> Abraham Epstein, LeKorot HaKabbalah HaAshkenazit, HaḤoker, II (Vienna 1894) I-II, 37-48.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 324> Louis Ginzberg, Arba' Tekufot, Haẓofeh, III (1913) 184-6.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 325> A. J. Glassberg, Zichron Brit laRishonim, Krakau 1892.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 325> Hermann Gollancz, Sepher Maphteah Shelomo, Oxford 1914.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 325> Abraham Hoffer, Yesodo Umekoro shel Yom Mitat HaAb veHaEm mide Shanah beShanah, HaẒofe, X (1926), 116-21.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 326> Moses David Hoffman, Shibalim, Vienna 1876.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 326> Eliezer Lazar ben Meir Landshuth, Seder Bikur Ḥolim, Berlin 1867.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 327> Abraham Lewysohn, Mekore Minhagim, Berlin 1846.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 328> Zalman Nissan, Mekor HaMinhag Lichtov al Aḥore Gevil HaMezuzah, Ẓion, II (Frankfort 1842), 161.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 330> J. Reifmann, Mekor Minhag Ẓom Ḥatan veKallah beyom Ḥatunatam, Kochve Yiẓḥak, XXXII (Vienna 1865), p. 31.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 330> Michael L. Rodkinson, Tefilah leMoshe, Pressburg 1883.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 330> Gerhard Scholem, Perakim leToldot Sifrut HaKabbalah, Jerusalem 1931.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 331> O. H. Schorr, Malachim, Shedim Umazzikim, HeḤaluẓ, VII (Frankfort 1865), 16; VIII (1869), 3.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 331> Ish Shuv, Ta'ame HaMinhagim.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 332> H. J. Zimmels, Ofot Hagedelim beIlan, in Minḥat Bikkurim, Vienna 1926, 1-9.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 332> Israel Zoller, Lilith, Rome 1926.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) pg. 332> Afikomen-a cake of unleavened bread eaten at the end of the Passover meal.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Aggada-non-legal portion of Talmudic literature.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Amora (pl. Amoraim)-post-Mishnaic authorities cited in the Talmud (c. 220-500 C. E.).<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Dibbuk-spirit of deceased person which has entered body of living person.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Gaon (pl. Geonim)-heads of Babylonian and Palestinian academies after the 6th century.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Gehinnom-realm in which the wicked expiate their sins.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Gemara-portion of the Talmud containing Amoraic commentary on the Mishna.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Gilgul-transmigration of souls.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Habdalah-ritual marking the close of Shabbat and holidays.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Halacha-legal portion of Talmudic literature; legal tradition, generally.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Ḥazan-precentor.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Hashba'ah-invocation.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Hoshana Rabbah-seventh day of the Feast of Tabernacles.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Jahrzeit-annual commemoration of death.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Kaddish, more specifically, kaddish yatom-prayer for mourners.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Kiddush-blessing over wine at inception of Shabbat and holidays.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Kosher-ritually pure.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Keri-seminal pollution.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Lag B'omer-33rd day in the counting of the Omer; 18th of Iyar.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Malach-angel.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Mazal-star or constellation.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Maẓẓah-unleavened bread.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Mazzik-demon.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Mezuzah-(pl. Mezuzot)-a Biblical inscription attached to the doorpost.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Midrash-commentary on the Bible, mainly of an Aggadic nature.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Minyan-minimum of ten men required to constitute a congregation.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Mishna-the "Oral Law" forming the basis of the Talmud; edited c. 220 C. E. by Rabbi Judah HaNassi.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Rosh Hashana-New Year.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Ruaḥ-spirit.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Sar-prince.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Seder-Passover meal and service.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Sefirot-the ten creative attributes of G, according to the Kabbalah.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Shechinah-the Divine Presence.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Shed-demon.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Shema-the verse beginning, "Hear, Israel" (Deut. 6:4), and the prayer composed of Deut. 6:4-9, 11:13-21, Nu. 15:37-41.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Sukkot-Feast of Tabernacles.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333> Tanna (pl. Tanaim)-authorities cited in the Mishna and coëval writings.<Jewish Magic and Superstition... (info above) title=Glossary of Hebrew Terms pg. 333>

Abbahu>add current editions of yer. he: גדליה רבינוביץ מליניץ http://www.zadikim.org/index.asp?catID=23677&siteLang=3

Rabbi 

he: יחיאל מיכל אשכנזי http://yuchasin.co.il/?page_id=180 http://hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=19808&st=&pgnum=212&hilite=

Rabbi 

Elchanan Heilprin () was gaon av beis din of Radomishl and rabbi of the Golders Green neighborhood of London. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Shmuel Engel, Rav of Radomishl, at age 14, Heilprin corresponded with Rabbi Yosef Rosen Rogachover. At the time of Heilprin’s death, Heilprin was considered one of the most senior rabbis in the world, leaving behind over 1,400 descendants, including grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and great-great-grandchildren, his five sons and four sons-in-law all hold important rabbinic positions.[30] the rebbes of Modzitz and their followers have composed over 4000 niggunim.[31]

Toldot Yaakov Yosef by Jacob Joseph of Polonne he:תולדות יעקב יוסף [32] Category:Hasidic literature

Between ww1 and ww2, more than 20,000 Jews lived in Tarnow. {Forever (info @sassov) p.13} sif. Ch. Strom of Tarnow. {Forever (info @sassov) p. 15} r Nota Greenblatt posek ry Yeshiva of Memphis that a true Gadol is far more than a great Tc, he is someone that has wisdom, concern for others, and has fully developed his middos.{Hamodia July 29 2015 Devorah Klein “Midwest Agudath Israel council annual conference”} Avrohom Chaim Levin ry Telshe-Chicago member of the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah.{Hamodia July 29 2015 Devorah Klein “Midwest Agudath Israel council annual conference”} R. Moshe Yehudah Leib Horowitz, Strizhover Rebbe was born 1925 in Berbesht-8 Av ben r Chaim Shlomo Horowitz who authored several sefarim, including Darchei Noam on Torah and moadim and Cheshek Shlomo on halaxa, after ww2 r Chaim Shlomo moved to US and established the Strizhover b.m. in Brownsville which was later relocated to bp. r Chaim Shlomo d. 1969 and the b. m. was taken over by his three sons: Rabbis Moshe Yehudah Leib, Hershel, and Yaakov (Yokel). R. Moshe Yehudah Leib’s sons are R. Yaakov Lazer who succeeded r Moshe Yehudah Leib as Rebbe, Dovid, and Chaim Shlomo. Bnos R. Moshe Yehudah Leib are Leah Udel Ostricher, Yitta Katz, Ruchel Posen, Sarah Halberstam, and Blima Halberstam.{Hamodia July 29 2015. “Harav Moshe Yehudah Leib Horowitz, Strizhover Rebbe, Zt”l” Rafael Hoffman}

Shmuel Rabinowitz rav of kotel.[33] Yaakov Hillel ry Ahavas Shalom.[34] Nmindl attended Yeshivah Torah Im Derech Eretz in Riga, Latvia. Nmindl d. 1999.[35] Rshrh d 27 tvs 5649. Sshnirr d. fr. 26 adar 1 5695(chek hebcal if nog.). Nmindl’s daughter, Frida is married to R Sholom Ber Schapiro[36] ryytz d. 10 shvat 5710/1950< p85> he studied economics and Semitic languages at the University of Manchester.<p88> In 1927, when I was 15 years old, I was a student at Yeshivah Torah Im Derech Eretz, which incorporated both Torah and secular studies, as espoused by rshrh. After ryytz’s release from prison on 12/13 Tamuz 1927, he left Russia and moved to Riga, Latvia. My connection with Chabad started in 1928 when Ryytz lived in Riga. I married the Toxter of my uncle, R Avraham Sender Nemtzov< ami 95> In 1930, I traveled to England to continue my studies at the University of Manchester, where I completed a second master’s degree in economics. My dissertation was a comparative study of the economics of Latvia and England. I stayed in England for a few years and got married there in 1937<p96> I left Riga for America by way of Sweden with ryytz, his wife, his mother, Rebtzn Shterna Sarah, rshg, his wife, Chana, and son, Berka, r Chaim Mordechai Aizik Hodakov and his wife. We traveled in a small plane to Sweden since boats were no longer permitted out of Riga. We landed in Stockholm and took a boat to Gothenburg. There we boarded the ship Drottningholm which sailed to America,[37] arriving at NY on 9 Adar II(=March) 1940 where we stayed at Manhattan’s Greystone Hotel; in the US, Ryytz suggested that I translate the Tanya into English, an effort that had been attempted numerous times before without success.<p101> Ryytz requested that I write a monthly magazine for children. The first issue of the children’s magazine, Shmuessen Mit Kinder (in Yiddish) was published for hanuka 1942. A second monthly, Talks and Tales (in English) was added shortly afterward, these two magazines were published every month for the next 47 years. After the war ended, my wife, Necha (Nettie), was able to join me in the US, she helped with translating and proofreading the children’s magazines and other works. Rmsh checked every issue of Talks and Tales befor it went to print, continuing to do so after he became r', and r hodakov checked the Shmuessen Mit Kinder; in 1942, I accompanied ryytz on his trip to Chicago, and in 1947, he sent me to france, england, and Germany on several fact-finding social and educational missions.in the 1950s and 1960s, rmsh sent me numerous times to Russia, to retrieve manuscripts and to strengthen the spirits of the Jews behind the Iron Curtain; to South Africa for Jewish communal matters; to the Suez<p102> Canal for the printing of the Tanya; and to Israel for communal matters and meetings with dignitaries and political figures. In the 1970s and 1980s, he sent me to Washington, DC, and Albany for conferences on education and aging, as well as on missions to Russia to retrieve manuscripts and books and to Israel for educational purposes.<p103> יהדות בוקרשט יהדות סופיה chk curnt revisions Lhabo from . . 01:31, 16 January 2015 .. Talk:2014 in Israel ‎ ‎‎ . . till newest

  1. ^ מפתיעת הסקרים . Mishpacha (in Hebrew) (1354). April 26, 2018. p. 24. 
  2. ^ Riva Pomerantz (Nov 15, 2017). "New Shemittah Fund Raises Question". Ami. No. 342. p. 44. 
  3. ^ Heschel 2007.
  4. ^ Singer & Hirsch 1906.
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference mishpacha20 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ a b c d "Harav Avraham Genechovsky, zt"l". Hamodia. Retrieved Feb/27/13.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ "Year in Review 5773". Hamodia. Sep 16, 2013. p. 31. 
  8. ^ "Year in Review 5773". Hamodia. Sep 16, 2013. p. 31. 
  9. ^ "Year in Review 5773". Hamodia. Sep 16, 2013. p. 31. 
  10. ^ "Year in Review 5773". Hamodia. Sep 16, 2013. p. 31. 
  11. ^ Ami Living. No. 87. Sep/12/12. p. 44.
  12. ^ Ami Living. No. 87. Sep/12/12. p. 44.
  13. ^ Ami Living. No. 87. Sep/12/12. p. 44.
  14. ^ Ami Living. No. 87. Sep/12/12. p. 44.
  15. ^ Rosenberg, Shimon (Nov 2013). "The Rebbe & President Clinton". Zman. Vol. 5 no. 47. pp. 142–144. 
  16. ^ Gantz, Nesanel (Sep 15, 2013). "Lunch Break with Rabbi Meir Zlotowitz". Ami. No. 136. p. 90. 
  17. ^ "Descendants, Not Sons". Mishpacha. No. 478. Oct 2, 2013. p. 10. 
  18. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 318. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  19. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 319. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  20. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 322. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  21. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 320. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  22. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 78. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  23. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 41. ISBN 9780812218626. 
  24. ^ Trachtenberg, Joshua (2004) [Originally published 1939]. Jewish Magic and Superstition. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 42. ISBN 9780812218626. 
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