Green Mountain Falls, Colorado
Green Mountain Falls is a statutory town in El Paso and Teller counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. The population was 640 at the 2010 census. On April 5, 2016, Jane Newberry was elected mayor, she ran as a slate of candidates calling themselves Smoother Road Ahead for GMF. The group included board of trustees candidates David Pearlman, Cameron Thorne and Erin Kowal; the police force resigned in the days following an April 14, 2016 closed-door meeting of the outgoing town board and mayor. In 1968, officials in Green Mountain Falls conducted a resurvey of the 1890 legal description of the town's corporate limits and found "that the town hall, the magistrate's office, the post office, the community center, the civic swimming pool, nearly half of the residents are located outside city limits" and were forced to redraw the legal boundaries. Green Mountain Falls is located at 38°56′5″N 105°1′4″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 773 people, 372 households, 203 families residing in the town. The population density was 677.9 people per square mile. There were 600 housing units at an average density of 526.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 94.18% White, 0.13% African American, 1.55% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.56% of the population. There were 372 households out of which 23.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 45.4% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.74. In the town, the population was spread out with 19.1% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 34.0% from 45 to 64, 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $43,816, the median income for a family was $55,268. Males had a median income of $34,000 versus $26,354 for females; the per capita income for the town was $24,892. About 4.3% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado municipalities Colorado counties El Paso County, Colorado Teller County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor South Central Colorado Urban Area Colorado Springs, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area Town of Green Mountain Falls official website CDOT map of the Town of Green Mountain Falls
Divide is a census-designated place and a U. S. Post Office in Teller County, United States; the population as of the 2010 Census was 127. Divide sits on the north slope of Pikes Peak on U. S. Highway 24. Ute Pass is west of town; the Divide Post Office has the ZIP Code 80814. Travelers will find easy access to fuel and convenience-store items, several restaurants, a grocery, post office, a trading post & gift shop, a local brewery. Located just a few miles outside of Divide is Rocky Mountain Mennonite Camp, a Christian youth and young adult camp, Mueller State Park is just six minutes south of town, offering camping, hiking and other outdoor activities within its over 5,000 acres of spring-fed meadows, forested ridges, massive rocks. For those with pets or horses, Divide Feed Store provides supplies of all types. Divide is home to Summit Elementary and a number of churches, as well as the Teller County Sheriff's office; the Teller County Jail behind the Sheriff's office is infamous for holding the'Texas Seven' back in early 2001.
Teller County Regional Animal Shelter is as well. Divide is a growing, planned community. Divide is planned in three areas: the town center, rural residential land parcels, larger rural land parcels. A post office called Divide has been in operation since 1889; some say. However, it is more that the current name is based on it being the watershed divide between the South Platte and Arkansas rivers. Divide is located at 38°56′31″N 105°09′28″W, at the western intersection of U. S. Highway 24 and State Highway 67. Elevation: 9,165′ Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado census designated places Colorado counties Teller County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor South Central Colorado Urban Area Colorado Springs, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area Divide Chamber of Commerce Divide Fire Protection District Divide information
Ute people are Native Americans of the Ute tribe and culture and are among the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People. They have lived in the regions of present-day Utah and Colorado for centuries, hunting and gathering food. In addition to their home regions within Colorado and Utah, their hunting grounds extended into Wyoming and New Mexico, they had sacred grounds outside of their home domain that were visited seasonally. Spiritual and ceremonial practices were observed by the Utes. There were twelve historic bands of Utes whose culture was influenced by neighboring Native Americans. Although they operated in family groups for hunting and gathering, they came together for ceremonies and trading; the Utes traded with other Native American tribes and Puebloans. When they made contact with early Euro-Americans, such as the Spanish, they traded with them. After they acquired horses from the Spanish, their lifestyle changed affecting their mobility, hunting practices, tribal organization.
Once defensive warriors, they became adept horsemen and warriors, raiding other Native Americans and Puebloans. Their prestige was based upon the number of horses they owned and their horsemanship, tested during horse races. Once the American West began to be inhabited by gold prospectors and settlers in the mid-1800s, the Utes were pressured off their ancestral lands, they entered into treaties to hold on to some of their land and were relocated to reservations. A few of the key conflicts during this period include the Walker War, Black Hawk War, the Meeker Massacre, they are now living in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah. The majority of Ute are believed to live on one of these reservations. Utah is named after these people; the origin of the word Ute is unknown. The Utes self-designation is based upon nuuchi-u. Ute people are from the Southern subdivision of the Numic-speaking branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family, which are found entirely in the Western United States and Mexico.
The name of the language family was created to show that it includes both the Colorado River Numic language dialect chain that stretches from southeastern California, along the Colorado River to Colorado and the Nahuan languages of Mexico. It is believed that this Numic group originated near the border of Nevada and California spread North and East. By about 1000, there were hunters and gatherers in the Great Basin of Uto-Aztecan ethnicity that are believed to have been the ancestors of the Indigenous tribes of the Great Basin, including the Ute, Shoshone, Hopi and Chemehuevi peoples; some ethnologists postulate that the Southern Numic speakers, the Ute and Southern Paiute, left the Numic homeland first, based on language changes, that the Central and the Western subgroups spread out toward the east and north, sometime later. Shoshone and Comanche are Central Numic, Northern Paiute and Bannock are Western Numic; the Southern Numic-speaking tribes—the Utes, Southern Paiute, Chemehuevi— share many cultural and linguistic characteristics.
There were ancestral Utes in southwestern Colorado and southeastern Utah by 1300, living a hunter-gather lifestyle. The Ute occupied much of the present state of Colorado by the 1600s, they were followed by the Comanches from the south in the 1700s, the Arapaho and Cheyenne from the plains who dominated the plains of Colorado. The Utes came to inhabit a large area including most of Utah and central Colorado, south into the San Juan River watershed of New Mexico; some Ute bands stayed near their home domains. Hunting grounds extended further into Utah and Colorado, as well as into Wyoming, Oklahoma and New Mexico. Winter camps were established along rivers near the present-day cities of Provo and Fort Duchesne in Utah and Pueblo, Fort Collins, Colorado Springs of Colorado. Aside from their home domain, there were sacred places in present-day Colorado; the Tabeguache Ute's name for Pikes Peak is Tavakiev. Living a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle, summers were spent in the Pikes Peak area mountains, considered by other tribes to be the domain of the Utes.
Pikes Peak was a sacred ceremonial area for the band. The mineral springs at Manitou Springs were sacred and Ute and other tribes came to the area, spent winters there, "share in the gifts of the waters without worry of conflict." Artifacts found from the nearby Garden of the Gods, such as grinding stones, "suggest the groups would gather together after their hunt to complete the tanning of hides and processing of meat."The old Ute Pass Trail went eastward from Monument Creek to Garden of the Gods and Manitou Springs to the Rocky Mountains. From Ute Pass, Utes journeyed eastward to hunt buffalo, they spent winters in mountain valleys. The North and Middle Parks of present-day Colorado were among favored hunting grounds, due to the abundance of game. Cañon Pintado, or painted canyon, is a prehistoric site with rock art from Fremont Utes; the Fremont art reflect an interest in agriculture, including corn stalks and use of light at different times of the year to show a planting calendar. There are images of figures holding shields, what appear to be battle victims, spears.
These were seen by the Domin
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form and alignment that have arisen from the same cause an orogeny. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. Mountain ranges are found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are a feature of most terrestrial planets. Mountain ranges are segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys. Individual mountains within the same mountain range do not have the same geologic structure or petrology, they may be a mix of different orogenic expressions and terranes, for example thrust sheets, uplifted blocks, fold mountains, volcanic landforms resulting in a variety of rock types. Most geologically young mountain ranges on the Earth's land surface are associated with either the Pacific Ring of Fire or the Alpide Belt.
The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand. The Andes is 7,000 kilometres long and is considered the world's longest mountain system; the Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains. The belt includes other European and Asian mountain ranges; the Himalayas contain the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, 8,848 metres high and traverses the border between China and Nepal. Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains. If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65,000 kilometres.
The mountain systems of the earth are characterized by a tree structure, where mountain ranges can contain sub-ranges. The sub-range relationship is expressed as a parent-child relationship. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Equivalently, the Appalachians are the parent of the White Mountains and Blue Ridge Mountains, the White Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains are children of the Appalachians; the parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range. The position of mountains influences climate, such as snow; when air masses move up and over mountains, the air cools producing orographic precipitation. As the air descends on the leeward side, it warms again and is drier, having been stripped of much of its moisture.
A rain shadow will affect the leeward side of a range. Mountain ranges are subjected to erosional forces which work to tear them down; the basins adjacent to an eroding mountain range are filled with sediments which are buried and turned into sedimentary rock. Erosion is at work while the mountains are being uplifted until the mountains are reduced to low hills and plains; the early Cenozoic uplift of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado provides an example. As the uplift was occurring some 10,000 feet of Mesozoic sedimentary strata were removed by erosion over the core of the mountain range and spread as sand and clays across the Great Plains to the east; this mass of rock was removed as the range was undergoing uplift. The removal of such a mass from the core of the range most caused further uplift as the region adjusted isostatically in response to the removed weight. Rivers are traditionally believed to be the principal cause of mountain range erosion, by cutting into bedrock and transporting sediment.
Computer simulation has shown that as mountain belts change from tectonically active to inactive, the rate of erosion drops because there are fewer abrasive particles in the water and fewer landslides. Mountains on other planets and natural satellites of the Solar System are isolated and formed by processes such as impacts, though there are examples of mountain ranges somewhat similar to those on Earth. Saturn's moon Titan and Pluto, in particular exhibit large mountain ranges in chains composed of ices rather than rock. Examples include the Mithrim Montes and Doom Mons on Titan, Tenzing Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto; some terrestrial planets other than Earth exhibit rocky mountain ranges, such as Maxwell Montes on Venus taller than any on Earth and Tartarus Montes on Mars, Jupiter's moon Io has mountain ranges formed from tectonic processes including Boösaule Montes, Dorian Montes, Hi'iaka Montes and Euboea Montes. Peakbagger Ranges Home Page Bivouac.com
A summit is a point on a surface, higher in elevation than all points adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex and zenith are synonymous; the term top is used only for a mountain peak, located at some distance from the nearest point of higher elevation. For example, a big massive rock next to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for the quantities, are considered subsummits of the higher peak, are considered part of the same mountain. A pyramidal peak is an exaggerated form produced by ice erosion of a mountain top. Summit may refer to the highest point along a line, trail, or route; the highest summit in the world is Everest with height of 8844.43 m above sea level. The first official ascent was made by Sir Edmund Hillary, they reached the mountain`s peak in 1953. Whether a highest point is classified as a summit, a sub peak or a separate mountain is subjective; the UIAA definition of a peak is.
Otherwise, it's a subpeak. In many parts of the western United States, the term summit refers to the highest point along a road, highway, or railroad. For example, the highest point along Interstate 80 in California is referred to as Donner Summit and the highest point on Interstate 5 is Siskiyou Mountain Summit. A summit climbing differs from the common mountaineering. Summit expedition requires: 1+ year of training, a good physical shape, a special gear. Although a huge part of climber’s stuff can be left and taken at the base camps or given to porters, there is a long list of personal equipment. In addition to common mountaineers’ gear, Summit climbers need to take Diamox and bottles of oxygen. There are special requirements for crampons, ice axe, rappel device, etc. Geoid Hill – Landform that extends above the surrounding terrain Nadir Summit accordance Peak finder Summit Climbing Gear List
South Platte Trail
South Platte Trail was a historic trail that followed the southern side of South Platte River from Fort Kearny in Nebraska to Denver, Colorado. Plains Indians, such as the Cheyenne and the Arapaho, hunted in the lands around the South Platte River, they traded at trading posts along the route, as did white travelers. Travelers included trappers, explorers, the military, those following the gold rush; the trail was used by the Pony Express. Stage stations provided food. Simple buildings of sod, logs, or adobe, the stations were located about every 10 to 15 miles apart along the trail. In some cases, they offered lodging and supplies for travelers. Julesburg, established in 1850, was a supply hub for Denver via the South Platte Trail, it became an important station on the Overland Stage Route for the delivery of passengers and mail between Atchison and Salt Lake City. The Overland Trail followed much of the South Platte Trail to and from Denver, before heading north to Wyoming. Julesburg was near the connection to the Oregon-California Trail at the North Platte River.
It is estimated. There were three routes, the safest of, the South Platte Trail, the others were Smoky Hill Trail and the Oregon Trail to Fort Laramie and south to Denver. In 1859, a branch of the trail away from the South Platte River was established in the wilderness near the present day city of Fort Morgan during the gold rush to reduce the length of the trip to Denver. Fort Morgan and Fort Sedgwick were established in the mid-1860s as a defensive measure against the threat of attack by Native Americans. Fort Sedgwick was built on one mile west of Julesburg. A number of Cheyenne north of Denver on the South Platte Trail were killed by soldiers of the First Colorado Cavalry in the spring of 1864. Julesburg was attacked on January 7, 1865 by about 1,000 Cheyenne and Sioux men in retribution for the Sand Creek massacre. At Fort Sedgwick, several Native Americans and some soldiers were killed, there was so much food looted from Julesburg that it took three days to remove it to their village at Cherry Creek or Sand Creek.
After that, three groups of Native Americans, the Arapaho and Sioux, engaged in an attack on stage stations and ranches along the South Platte Trail over a period of six days. They killed more people than were killed at the Sand Creek Massacre, burned building, tore down telegraph lines, looted horses, 2000 cattle, wagon trains, one of which had 22 wagons. There were further attacks in 1865 between Julesburg and Fort Morgan, including burning down the town of Julesburg in February; the town was rebuilt. A group of 120 men of the newly formed Colorado militia was tasked with guarding the trail beginning about 1865. In 1866, George Armstrong Custer drove the 7th Cavalry Regiment to South Platte. There were other conflicts near the South Platte Trail in the 1860s
Teller County, Colorado
Teller County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 23,350; the county seat is Cripple Creek, the most populous city is Woodland Park. Teller County is included in CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. A few years after gold was discovered in Cripple Creek, political differences between area miners and mine owners, many of whom lived in Colorado Springs, resulted in the division of El Paso County. Created in 1899, Teller County was carved from the western slope of Pikes Peak, was named after United States Senator Henry M. Teller. Within five years of its formation, Teller County became the scene of a dramatic labor struggle called the Colorado Labor Wars. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 559 square miles, of which 557 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 24 State Highway 67 Douglas County - north Jefferson County - north El Paso County - east Fremont County - south Park County - west Cripple Creek National Historic District Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument Pike National Forest Mueller State Park American Discovery Trail Gold Belt Tour National Scenic and Historic Byway As of the census of 2000, there were 20,555 people, 7,993 households, 5,922 families residing in the county.
The population density was 37 people per square mile. There were 10,362 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.92% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, 2.00% from two or more races. 3.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,993 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 5.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 29.80% from 45 to 64, 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 102.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,165, the median income for a family was $57,071. Males had a median income of $37,194 versus $26,934 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,412. About 3.40% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 4.20% of those age 65 or over. Cripple Creek Victor Woodland Park Green Mountain Falls Divide Florissant Goldfield Midland Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Colorado census statistical areas Front Range Urban Corridor National Register of Historic Places listings in Teller County, Colorado Teller County Profile & Community Bulletin Board Teller County Government website Teller County Information & Links Teller County Online Yellow Pages Teller County Real Estate Information Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society