Streator is a city in LaSalle and Livingston counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. The city is situated on the Vermilion River 81 miles southwest of Chicago in the prairie and farm land of north-central Illinois, it is the center of the geographic region known as Streatorland. According to the 2010 census, the population of Streator was 13,710. Although settlements had existed in the area, they were not permanent. In 1824, surveyors for the Illinois and Michigan Canal which would extend from Chicago's Bridgeport neighborhood to the Illinois River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, arrived in this area of the Vermillion River, followed by homesteaders by the 1830s. In 1861, miner John O'Neill established a trading post called "Hardscrabble" because he watched loaded animals struggle up the river's banks. Another name for the new settlement was "Unionville". Streator received its current name to honor Worthy S. Streator, an Ohio industrialist who financed the region's first coal mining operation.
Streator received a town charter in 1868 and incorporated as a city in 1882. In 1882 Col. Ralph Plumb was elected as its first mayor. Streator's early growth was due to the coal mine, as well as a major glass manufacturer and its status as a midwestern railroad hub. Today Streator's economy is led by heavy-equipment manufacturer Vactor, food distributor U. S. Foodservice and glass bottle manufacturer Owens-Illinois; the city is the hometown of Clyde Tombaugh, who in 1930 discovered the dwarf planet Pluto, the first object to be discovered in what would be identified as the Kuiper belt. Streator hosts annual events including Streator Park Fest. Streator is governed by a Manager–council style of government, it maintains fire departments as well as a public works system. Its current mayor is Jimmie Lansford. Settlement in the region began with the Kaskaskia tribe of the Illiniwek Confederation; this Native American tribe's Grand Village was located on the north bank of the Illinois River in nearby Utica, Illinois.
The Kaskaskia "were hunters and gatherers, farmers and traders." The Illiniwek were the last remnants of the Mississippian culture. French explorers Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to enter this region during a visit to the Grand Village in 1673. Marquette established a mission at the village in 1675. In 1679, French explorer Robert de LaSalle ordered a fortification to be built at the site, known as Starved Rock; that year Iroquois attacked the Kaskaskia village and the 8,000 villagers dispersed. The French and local tribes again fortified the village and created Fort St. Louis, but the Iroqouis continued to attack; the settlement was abandoned by 1691. In the years after the initial exploration, the French settled their newly claimed territory as La Louisiane. During much of the 18th century the region was sparsely populated by French and American fur traders; the French ceded control of the part of the La Louisiane territory east of the Mississippi River to the British at the end of the French and Indian War in 1763.
Of this territory ceded by the French to Britain, the part extending down to the Ohio River was added to Britain's Quebec Province when the British Parliament passed the Quebec Act in 1774. During the American Revolutionary War, this region, added to Quebec was claimed by Virginia in 1778, after a victory over the British by George Rogers Clark at Kaskaskia. After the war, the area was included in the territory ceded by Britain to the United States under the Treaty of Paris; this area, south of what remained of Britain's Quebec but north of the Ohio River became the Northwest Territory created by the Congress on July 13, 1787. From part of this Northwest Territory area, the Indiana Territory was formed by the United States Congress on July 4, 1800; the city of Chicago served as the main impetus of growth in the area throughout the early 19th century, more to the region around Streator was the development of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in 1821. This canal connected Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River increasing shipping traffic in the region.
Land speculation in areas lining the canal and rivers ensued and towns sprouted quickly. Individual settlements in the Bruce Township region started as early as 1821. In 1861, John O'Neil established the first settlement in what was to become the city of Streator when he opened a small grocery and trading business. Streator began with coal. Vast beds of coal lie just beneath the surface throughout much of Illinois; the demand for coal was increasing in the mid-19th century, East Coast capitalists were willing to invest in this region. The area was known as Hardscrabble, "because it was a hard scrabble to cross the Vermilion River and get up the hill to where the town was first located"; the town was renamed Unionville in honor of the local men who fought for the Union during the Civil War. In 1866 Worthy S. Streator, a prominent railroad promoter from Cleveland, financed the region's first mining operation. Streator approached his nephew Col. Ralph Plumb at a railway station in December
Grand Ridge, Illinois
Grand Ridge is a village in LaSalle County, United States. The population was 560 at the 2010 census, up from 546 in 2000, it is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is a part of the geographic region known as Streatorland. In 1860, Judge John T. and Phebe J. Porter moved to Illinois with their son Ebenezer F. and located near Grand Ridge, LaSalle County, where they lived on a farm until 1872. J. T. was at first a farmer, afterward a lumberman and grain dealer. In 1872, he moved into the town of Grand Ridge, built and operated two grain elevators until 1876. In 1882, he engaged in the lumber business, he founded the town of Grand Ridge, naming it in honor of his old Illinois home. In 1868, Mr. Nelson Jones and Methodist, bought two houses, two lots and a shop valued at $800 and followed the same occupation for forty years. In 1870, the Fox River Division of the Chicago and Quincy Railroad was completed and put in operation; the first business house was built by E. Core the same year.
Two contradicting accounts of the Presbyterian establishment: Account 1: In the Spring of 1870, Robert Morgan, son of Caleb and Nancy Antram, Sarah Woodward moved to Grand Ridge, LaSalle County, Illinois with 4-year-old son Caleb Ewing Antram after their daughter Laura died in March 1868 at just 6 years old. William, Mary E. Joseph W. Lewis W. and Ethel May were all born to the couple while living on the Antram homestead from 1869 to 1912. In 1871, Cumberland Presbyterian was organized in Grand Ridge, where Robert M. Antram was an elder since. From 1886 to 1891, it was known as Hudson Church. Membership numbered 145 in 1890 and church structure was erected that year. In 1891, the name changed to Grand Ridge by action of Mackinaw Presbytery. R. M. Antram was Clerk of the Session and Post Office until 1907, when the organization became defunct and did not participate in reunion with Presbyterian Church USA. Account 2: The Presbyterian church in Grand Ridge was organized June 17, 1865, in the Van Doren school house, by a committee from the Peoria Presbytery, consisting of the Rev. Robert Johnson and Rev. John Marquis.
The original members were Wm. McMillan, Jane B. McMillan, Araminta Poundstone, Joseph Boyd, Elvira Boyd, J. T. Van Doren, Sarah C. Van Doren, James H. Boyd and Isabella Boyd. Other founding Families were Sutton and Long; the house of worship was erected in 1864, at an expense of $1,800, soon after, a parsonage, costing $800. The first pastor was Rev. John Moore. IN 1874, the owners of the land on either side of the road, David Crumrine and Joseph Boyd laid off a part of their respective lands adjoining the track, in town lots, after which building was commended on a more extended scale and now it is a handsome farm village, is a point from which large amount of grain and product finds its way to market. In the latter part of 1876, Porter sold his elevator to F. McIlvaine. E. Cole conducts another elevator, it is estimated that in 1877 at least 1,200 car loads of grain we shipped annually. In 1871, F. H. Poundstone erected the second business house. In June, 1873, Garrison & Hornick opened a first class dry goods and grocery house, meeting with lucrative return.
In 1877, it was estimated that aggregate business of Grand Ridge Village would amount to $75,000 annually. In 1877, there were 9 business houses, two physicians and a proportionate number of mechanics in Grand Ridge. In 1875, The Victor Lodge, No. 578, Independent Order of Odd Fellows was instituted on June 11 and met every Saturday evening through at least 1877. Officers were E. A. Dearth, N. G.. In 1903, the First National Bank of Grand Ridge was organized by Thomas Dean Catlin s:Men of 1914/C, banker and capitalist residing in Ottawa, Illinois (born in Clinton, New York, on March 12, 1838, son of Marcus and Philena Hunt Catlin. Grand Ridge is located at 41°14′4″N 88°49′57″W. According to the 2010 census, Grand Ridge has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 546 people, 201 households, 151 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,152.5 people per square mile. There were 212 housing units at an average density of 447.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 100.00% White.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.75% of the population. There were 201 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.4% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.21. In the village, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males. The median income for a household in the village was $45,000, the median income for a family was $52,000. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $30,167 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,287. About 2.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Grand Ridge Grade
A civil township is a used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. The term town is used in New England, New York, Wisconsin to refer to the equivalent of the civil township in these states. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both, the boundaries coincide and may geographically subdivide a county; the U. S. Census Bureau classifies civil townships as minor civil divisions. There are 20 states with civil townships. Township functions are overseen by a governing board and a clerk or trustee. Township officers include justice of the peace, road commissioner, assessor and surveyor. In the 20th century, many townships added a township administrator or supervisor to the officers as an executive for the board. In some cases, townships run local libraries, senior citizen services, youth services, disabled citizen services, emergency assistance, cemetery services.
In some states, a township and a municipality, coterminous with that township may wholly or consolidate their operations. Depending on the state, the township government has varying degrees of authority. In the Upper Midwestern states near the Great Lakes, civil townships, are but not always, overlaid on survey townships; the degree to which these townships are functioning governmental entities varies from state to state and in some cases within a state. For example, townships in the northern part of Illinois are active in providing public services — such as road maintenance, after-school care, senior services — whereas townships in southern Illinois delegate these services to the county. Most townships in Illinois provide services such as snow removal, senior transportation, emergency services to households residing in unincorporated parts of the county; the townships in Illinois each have a township board, whose board members were called township trustees, a single township supervisor. In contrast, civil townships in Indiana are operated in a consistent manner statewide and tend to be well organized, with each served by a single township trustee and a three-member board.
Civil townships in these states are not incorporated, nearby cities may annex land in adjoining townships with relative ease. In Michigan, general law townships are corporate entities, some can become reformulated as charter townships, a status intended to protect against annexation from nearby municipalities and which grants the township some home rule powers similar to cities. In Wisconsin, civil townships are known as "towns" rather than townships, but they function the same as in neighboring states. In Minnesota, state statute refers to such entities as towns yet requires them to have a name in the form "Name Township". In both documents and conversation, "town" and "township" are used interchangeably. Minnesota townships can be either Non-Urban or Urban, but this is not reflected in the township's name. In Ohio, a city or village is overlaid onto a township unless it withdraws by establishing a paper township. Where the paper township does not extend to the city limits, property owners pay taxes for both the township and municipality, though these overlaps are sometimes overlooked by mistake.
Ten other states allow townships and municipalities to overlap. In Kansas, some civil townships provide services such as road maintenance and fire protection services not provided by the county. In New England, the states are subdivided into towns, which are functioning municipal corporations that provide most local services. While counties exist in New England, for the most part they serve as dividing lines for state judicial systems. With the exception of a few remote areas of New Hampshire and Maine, every square foot of New England lies within the borders of an incorporated town. New England has cities, most of which are towns whose residents have voted to replace the town meeting form of government with a city form. In portions of New Hampshire and Maine, county subdivisions that are not incorporated are referred to as townships, or by other terms such as "gore", "grant", "location", "plantation", or "purchase". In New York, counties are further subdivided into towns and cities, the principal forms of local government.
Towns fulfill a function similar to those of townships in other states. As is the case in most of New England, every square foot of New York's territory is incorporated. New York towns contain one or more incorporated villages, village residents pay both town and village taxes. Towns include a number of unincorporated hamlets. A Pennsylvania township is a unit of local government, responsible for services such as police departments, local road and street maintenance, it acts the same as a borough. Townships were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to fifty-two square miles. A New Jersey township is similar, in that it is a form of municipal government equal in status to a village, borough, or city, provides similar services to a Pennsylvania township. In the South, outside cities and towns there is no local government other than the county. North Carolina is no exception to that rule, but it does have townships as minor geographical subdivisions of counties, including
Leland is a village in LaSalle County, United States. The population was 970 at the 2000 census, it is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area. A post office called Leland has been in operation since 1857; the village was named for Edwin S. Leland. According to the 2010 census, Leland has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 970 people, 354 households, 260 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,788.1 people per square mile. There were 372 housing units at an average density of 685.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.42% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.82% from other races, 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.81% of the population. There were 354 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.0% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.3% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.27. In the village, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $45,417, the median income for a family was $50,417. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $23,750 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,142. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over. Betty J. Hoxsey and politician, was born in Leland
North Utica, Illinois
North Utica known as Utica, is a village in Utica Township, LaSalle County, Illinois. The population was 1352 at the 2010 United States Census, it is part of the Ottawa–Streator Micropolitan Statistical Area. While North Utica is the proper name for the city, advertising on nearby Interstates 80 and 39 refers to the village by its original name, Utica. In addition, people who live in the area, official Interstate signage, signs indicating the city limits all refer to the town as Utica; the town of Utica had been established on the banks of the Illinois River during the 1830s, but flooding and the construction of the Illinois and Michigan Canal a few miles north encouraged redevelopment of the village there as North Utica. There were 9 fatalities during a F3 tornado on April 20, 2004, which damaged the downtown business district. North Utica is located at 41°20′32″N 89°0′51″W. According to the 2010 census, North Utica has a total area of 3.471 square miles, of which 3.46 square miles is land and 0.011 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1352 people residing in the village. The population density was 389.6 people per square mile. There were 598 housing units at an average density of 172.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.52% White, 0.36% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.61% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic. There were 598 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.93. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 9.5% from 25 to 34, 23.1% from 35 to 49, 44.1% from 50 to 64, 15.5 who were 65 years of age or older, 47.5% Male, 52.5% Female The median income for a household in the village was $43,182, the median income for a family was $54,107. Males had a median income of $37,614 versus $20,074 for females; the per capita income for the village was $23,061. About 3.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Local attractions include Starved Rock State Park. Utica is the location of the annual Burgoo Festival on Columbus Day weekend in October; the Burgoo Festival is a fundraising event. Leo Cahill, pro football coach and executive Official website Starved Rock State Park
Earlville is a city in LaSalle County, United States. The population was 1,701 at the 2010 census, was estimated to be 1,661 by July 2013, it is part of the Ottawa-Peru, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Earlville Post Office has been in operation since 1844; the city was named after the former hometown of an early settler. Earlville is located at 41°35′19″N 88°55′20″W. According to the 2010 census, Earlville has a total area of all land; as of the 2010 census, there were 1,701 people and 663 households residing in the city. The population density was 1,417.5 people per square mile. There were 763 housing units at an average density of 635.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.6% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 2.8% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.1% of the population. There were 663 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.7% were single parent households, 33.2% were non-families.
26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18 and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.9 years. Females made up 50.1% of the population. The median income for a household in the city was $51,964, the median income for a family was $65,145. Males had a median income of $38,705 versus $24,891 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,063. About 9.2% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line of which 18.8% were under the age of 18 and 9.7% were aged 65 or over. Earlville has a modern library, a K-12 school system, a bank, a medical clinic, a weekly newspaper, a drive-in movie theater, a number of local businesses; the area surrounding Earlville is agricultural. Earlville lacks major shopping industries. Many of the inhabitants of Earlville work at blue-collar jobs.
Earlville's population has remained stable for the past several years. Several planned residential developments of moderate size were derailed by the nationwide housing crash that began in 2008. Earlville Community Unit School District #9 occupies a campus of school buildings on Union Street, a main thoroughfare and former route of US 34; the school has underwent many changes over the last several years including renovations and the hiring of new teachers and principal. The campus includes Earlville Grade School, Earlville Junior High, Earlville High School; the administrative offices are within buildings on the site, which the Elementary, Junior High, High School share. On the site is a cafeteria, 2 gymnasiums, library; the school Mascot is a Raider, stylized as a Pirate, with the colors of White. The School is a part of the Little Ten Conference, which includes the schools of: Serena, Paw Paw, Indian Creek, LaMoille, Somonauk, Kirkland Hiawatha and Hinckley-Big Rock. In recent years, the Earlville-Leland Cooperative has been the school's representation in IHSA play.
Steve Behel, MLB player for the Milwaukee Brewers and New York Mets Herbert O. Crisler, head football coach and athletic director at University of Michigan, namesake of Crisler Arena at the university Frank Haven Hall, inventor of the Hall Braille Writer John J. Myers, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Newark, N. J Gary K. Wolf, author of the novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit, which became the Movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl