Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniform
The Marine Corps Combat Utility Uniform is the current battledress uniform of the United States Marine Corps. It is worn by Navy personnel assigned to Marine Corps units, it replaces the Battle Dress Uniform, which the Marine Corps had shared with the Navy and Air Force. However, both the MCCUU, its distinctive camouflage pattern, MARPAT, are exclusive to the Marine Corps, which holds the patents to their design, are not available to the civilian market. MARPAT is available in two color schemes and desert; the uniforms are manufactured by Propper International Inc. American Apparel, Inc. E. A. Industries, American Power Source Inc. and Columbia Sewing Company. The MCCUU should not be confused with the similar looking FROG uniform. Field testing of the MCCUU began in early 2001 and was announced to the public in June 2001. Early prototypes had featured removable sleeves, but that design feature was abandoned; the patent for the MARPAT pattern was filed on June 19, 2001, whereas the patent for the MCCUU uniform was filed on November 7, 2001.
The uniform made its official debut at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina on January 17, 2002, the changeover was completed on October 1, 2004, a year ahead of the original deadline date set in 2001 of October 1, 2005. The early prototypes of the MCCUU were designed by American Power Source; the MCCUU is intended for wear in the field or for working parties, but has become the typical working uniform for all deployed and most garrison U. S. Marines and U. S. Navy sailors; the variety worn depended on the environment and season: Deployed Marines wore whichever color is more appropriate to the climate and terrain, Marines in garrison wore the woodland MCCUU in winter months, the desert MCCUU in summer months. However, the Marine Corps announced on December 8, 2016 that the desert pattern would no longer be worn in garrison. Instead, the woodland MCCUU will be worn year-round, with the sleeves rolled up during the summer and down during the winter; until the sleeves of the blouse were worn rolled up while in garrison during summer months.
However, the Uniform Board announced that as of October 2011, this will no longer be allowed. This decision was reversed when Marine Corps Commandant General James Amos announced on February 25, 2014, that the Marine Corps will return to its former standard of rolling up the sleeves while in garrison during summer months, effective March 9, 2014. Unlike the previous BDU, the MCCUU was designed to be used with body armor, which restricted access to front pockets. To further distinguish the uniform, upon close examination, the Eagle and Anchor can be found within the pattern, its use as a combat uniform has led to some strict regulations for wear in garrison: unlike the U. S. Army's ACU, the MCCUU may not be worn off base, although it may be worn when commuting to and from duty in a privately-owned vehicle. Dismounting for incidental stops en route off of a military installation is no longer permissible excepting legitimate emergencies only. Two slanting chest pockets with velcro closure Two shoulder sleeve pockets with button closure Reinforced elbows Internal pockets for elbow pads Adjustable cuffs Eagle and Anchor embroidered on the left chest pocket Two front slash style pockets Two rear pockets with button closure Two thigh level bellows cargo pockets with elastic closure Button fly Reinforced knees and seat Partially elastic waistband Internal pockets for kneepads Seven belt loopsThe trousers are worn bloused over the tops of the boots with the use of elastic bands or metal springs.
In garrison the 8 point cover is worn In the field, the boonie cover can be worn, not authorized for garrison wear. The Marine Corps Lightweight Helmet and MICH is worn in combat and training with a reversible MARPAT cover The Marine Corps Eagle and Anchor is embroidered on both the boonie and utility covers. An olive drab green t-shirt, or skivvie shirt, without a logo is worn underneath the blouse. Due to the intense heat in Iraq, moisture wicking t-shirts, such as those produced by Under Armour became popular. However, due to concerns that the shirts would melt to the skin in the event of a fire or explosion, they are banned when a Marine is deployed to a combat zone. However, the Marine Corps has worked with Danskin to develop their own moisture wicking shirts under the "Elite Issue" line creating and issuing the Flame Resistant Organizational Gear to troops to be exposed to combat; the MCCUU is worn with a webbed rigger's belt earned through the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program. The belts are tan, green, brown, or up to six degrees of black, depending on the Marine's proficiency.
Uniform regulations still authorize a web belt for wear for Marines that have not qualified in MCMAP. This directive rendered the wear of the item on the MCCUU to new recruits in basic training or to those who have lost their MCMAP belt due to not being proficient in the MCMAP; the Marine Corps now requires tan rough-out combat boots, either hot weather or temperate weather versions. Commercial versions of this boot are authorized without limitation other than they must be at least 8 inches in height and bear the Eagle and Anchor on the outer heel of each boot. Stains and damage to the boot make them unservicable for wear, as well as a heel with excessive wear; when the MCCUU was first being fielded in 2002, the black leather boots that were worn with the woodland BDU were authorized to be worn with the woodland MCCUU in the a
In economics, utility is the satisfaction or benefit derived by consuming a product. In the context of cardinal utility, economists sometimes speak of a law of diminishing marginal utility, meaning that the first unit of consumption of a good or service yields more utility than the second and subsequent units, with a continuing reduction for greater amounts. Therefore, the fall in marginal utility as consumption increases is known as diminishing marginal utility. Mathematically: MU1>MU2>MU3......>MUn The term marginal refers to a small change, starting from some baseline level. As Philip Wicksteed explained the term, Marginal considerations are considerations which concern a slight increase or diminution of the stock of anything which we possess or are considering Frequently the marginal change is assumed to start from the endowment, meaning the total resources available for consumption; this endowment is determined by many things including physical laws, accidents of nature, the outcomes of past decisions made by the individual himself or herself and by others.
For reasons of tractability, it is assumed in neoclassical analysis that goods and services are continuously divisible. Under this assumption, marginal concepts, including marginal utility, may be expressed in terms of differential calculus. Marginal utility can be defined as the first derivative of total utility—the total satisfaction obtained from consumption of a good or service—with respect to the amount of consumption of that good or service. In practice the smallest relevant division may be quite large. Sometimes economic analysis concerns the marginal values associated with a change of one unit of a discrete good or service, such as a motor vehicle or a haircut. For a motor vehicle, the total number of motor vehicles produced is large enough for a continuous assumption to be reasonable: this may not be true for, say, an aircraft carrier. Depending on which theory of utility is used, the interpretation of marginal utility can be meaningful or not. Economists have described utility as if it were quantifiable, that is, as if different levels of utility could be compared along a numerical scale.
This has affected the reception of theories of marginal utility. Quantitative concepts of utility allow familiar arithmetic operations, further assumptions of continuity and differentiability increase tractability. Contemporary mainstream economic theory defers metaphysical questions, notes or assumes that preference structures conforming to certain rules can be usefully proxied by associating goods, services, or their uses with quantities, defines "utility" as such a quantification. Another conception is Benthamite philosophy, which equated usefulness with the production of pleasure and avoidance of pain, assumed subject to arithmetic operation. British economists, under the influence of this philosophy, viewed utility as "the feelings of pleasure and pain" and further as a "quantity of feeling". Though pursued outside of the mainstream methods, there are conceptions of utility that do not rely on quantification. For example, the Austrian school attributes value to the satisfaction of wants, sometimes rejects the possibility of quantification.
It has been argued that the Austrian framework makes it possible to consider rational preferences that would otherwise be excluded. In any standard framework, the same object may have different marginal utilities for different people, reflecting different preferences or individual circumstances; the concept in cardinal utility theory that marginal utilities diminish across the ranges relevant to decision-making is called the "law of diminishing marginal utility". This refers to the increase in utility an individual gains from increasing their consumption of a particular good. "The law of diminishing marginal utility is at the heart of the explanation of numerous economic phenomena, including time preference and the value of goods... The law says, that the marginal utility of each homogenous unit decreases as the supply of units increases; the first law denotes the law of diminishing marginal utility, the second law denotes the law of increasing total utility."In modern economics, choice under conditions of certainty at a single point in time is modeled via ordinal utility, in which the numbers assigned to the utility of a particular circumstance of the individual have no meaning by themselves, but which of two alternative circumstances has higher utility is meaningful.
With ordinal utility, a person's preferences have no unique marginal utility, thus whether or not marginal utility is diminishing is not meaningful. In contrast, the concept of diminishing marginal utility is meaningful in the context of cardinal utility, which in modern economics is used in analyzing intertemporal choice, choice under uncertainty, social welfare; the law of diminishing marginal utility is similar to the law of diminishing returns which states that as the amount of one factor of production increases as all other factors of production are held the same, the marginal return decreases. As the rate of commodity acquisition increases, marginal utility decreases. If commodity consumption continues to rise, marginal utility at some p
Utilities is a 1983 Canadian comedy film directed by Harvey Hart and starring Robert Hays and Brooke Adams. One of Bob Hunt's neighbours' electricity is cut off, she is assisted by contributions, the bill is paid in pennies, though the clerk is belatedly told that payment is not accepted in such a large quantity of coins. The electric company fails to reconnect the power due to a communications snafu, the elderly woman is taken to hospital suffering hypothermia. Hunt sets off on a vendetta of revenge. Attempting to evade detection at one site, he flattens himself against the wall with wet paint, with a finger sticking up, leaving the impression of a hand with one raised finger in the paint; the news media find out this detail and the unknown saboteur is nicknamed "The Finger." When the phone company is hit, it issues a public statement denying that, due to the sabotage to its billing records, long distance calls can be made without a charge. Promptly, the movie depicts people making outrageous use of long distance, which in 1981 was still quite expensive.
One girl plays a musical composition over the phone. In a long, climactic courtroom hearing, a rate-hike proposal by Kenneth Knight and his utility company, Eastern Gas & Electric, is to be voted on by a public commission, but first a number of protesting citizens are given an opportunity to speak, followed by Hunt, who confesses: "I am The Finger." At that point, many others in the courtroom, Spartacus-style, rise to claim. Just as the commission is about to approve E, G & E's rate increase, police officer Marion Edwards bursts in, there to make an arrest. Hunt expects to be placed in handcuffs, but she reveals that Knight has been destroying his own substations in an effort to achieve public sympathy; the lights of the city go dark. Robert Hays as Bob Hunt Brooke Adams as Marion Edwards John Marley as Roy Blue James Blendick as Kenneth Knight Utilities on IMDb Utilities at Rotten Tomatoes