Ahetze was a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd and is now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aheztars; the commune is located some 13 km southwest of Bayonne and 30 km northeast of Donostia-San-Sebastion and only 4 km from the Atlantic beaches of Bidart and Guéthary. Ahetze village is at the intersection of departmental roads D655 from Arbonne to Bidart and D855 from Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle to Saint-Jean-de-Luz; the commune can be accessed from Exit 3 from the A63 autoroute. The Biarritz–Anglet–Bayonne Airport is 15-minute drive from the village. Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is traversed by a tributary of the coastal river Uhabia: the Zirikolatzeko erreka and its tributaries, the streams: Amisolako and Besaingo, as well as the Pemartiko erreka, a tributary of the Besaingo. Paul Raymond stated in his Topographical dictionary of Bearn-Basque Country in 1863 that a tributary of the Alborga: the Haïstéchéhé flows through Ahetze after rising in Saint-Pee-sur-Nivelle.
The commune name in Basque is Ahetze. Jean-Baptiste Orpustan suggested that Ahetze comes from aiz meaning "stone" and by extension "high rock"; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Lhande: Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary 1926Origins: Bayonne: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of BayonneAccording to Eugène Goyheneche: "two houses had medieval names of Akarreta and Haranbillaga". In the Middle Ages the Compostela pilgrims who chose the passage along the Atlantic coast passed near Ahetze and the hospital in Sare. Others preferred to fork through part of Ahetze to reach the chapel Saint-Jacques of Serres and visit Vera by passing by Olhette and the Ibardin Pass. List of Successive Mayors of Ahetze Ahetze is a member of 8 Intercommunal organisations: the Agglomeration of'Sud Pays Basque the union of Ouhabia the intercommunal association of secondary schools of Saint-Jean-de-Luz the intercommunal association Nive-Nivelle the mixed association of Bizi Garbia the association to support Basque culture the joint association for drinking water from the Ura the joint sanitation association of the UraThe commune is a member of the Basque Eurocity Bayonne - San Sebastian.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne. The 2006 classification by INSEE indicated the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households classed Ahetze at the rank of 7,693 with an average income of €17,944; the flea market takes place every third Sunday of the month and attracts lovers of antiques from the Paris region, to the Spanish communes all around and contributes to the economic revitalization of the village which has agricultural activity. The commune part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty; the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces established by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte in 1863 indicated that the Basque dialect spoken in Ahetze was Labourdin. Established in 1971, the Committee of Festivals of Ahetze organises the following events: wheat threshing, dance evenings, a gala of Basque rural sports and employers' festivals that take place between 25 October and 11 November.
The Ostalapia farm, now a restaurant, is a former way station on the road to Saint Jacques de Compostela and long before was a haven for the Guethariars and Bidartars when they were attacked by pirates from the ocean or by robbers. There are some boulders once used for walls in the parking area; some old Baserri dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, some of which have been extended over time. New construction follows the Labourdin style; the Church of Saint Martin is registered as an historical monument. The church contains a number of items that are registered as historical objects: A Retable and 7 Paintings A Processional Cross; this cross, whose arms are garnished with bells, was used in witchcraft trials in the year 1609 to the outrage of Councilor Lancre who saw it as an evil object. The carvings on the Cross represent the faces of Christ, the Virgin, Saint John, a pelican, two women's heads. On the back of the cross there is the representation of a bishop, undoubtedly Saint Martin. A Statue: Virgin of the Assumption A Statue: Saint Jacques dressed as a pilgrim Eugène Goyheneche noted that the church quite exceptionally possessed a register of Catholics in Basque.
The Church Picture Gallery On the heights of Ahetze all the Basque mountains near the Atlantic are visible: the Rhune, the Mondarrain, the Artzamendi, the Ursuia in France as well as the Three Crowns in Spain. Ahetze has two Frontons, one is old and built into the wall of the town hall, a second was completed in 2008 as part of the new development of the town. A Trinquet called. A marked fitness trail runs through the south-east of the village. Ahetze has a nursery. Ahetze has several health services: a general practitioner, a dentist, a nurse, a physiotherapist, a speech therapist. Mattin Treku, born on 11 November 1916 in Ahetze and died on 22 July 1981 in th
Ance Féas is a commune in the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, southwestern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2017 by merger of the former communes of Féas and Ance. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. The people of the commune are known as Ahastarr. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is part of Cize country, a historical province in Lower Navarre, it includes three former parishes, sometimes counted as four groups of houses in the Middle Ages and with five toponyms: Alciette, Garatehegi and Bascassan located at the confluence of the Laurhibar and Esteneko streams. Alciette is the parish farthest away to the northeast in the combination of the three parishes. Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is located some 6 km south-east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and can be accessed by Highway D18 running from close to there through the heart of the commune southeast to Lecumberry; the village is not on the highway and is left onto the country road Vierge-d'Ahaxe off the D18 heading southeast. There is a country road from Aincille in the west to the village of Bascassin in the commune and there are other country roads entering from the north and the southeast.
The commune is located in the Drainage basin of the Adour, the commune lands are watered by the Laurhibar, a tributary of the Nive, a tributary of that, the Esteneko stream. The Apatéko stream, a tributary of the Arzubiko stream crosses the territory of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan; the commune's name in Basque is Ahatsa-Altzieta Bazkazane. AhaxeThe toponym Ahaxe appears in the forms: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicates that the toponym comes from the Basque oronymic base of aitz meaning "rock" or "height"; the people of the commune are called in Basque Ahatsarr. AlcietteThe toponym Alciette appears in the forms: The Basque name for the people of this area is Alzietarr. According to Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Alciette is derived from the medieval Alzueta which itself comes from the Basque alzu meaning "place where there are abundant alder trees". BascassanThe name Bascassan appears in the forms: Bazquazen Bascaçen Bascacen ) Bazcacen ) Basquacen ) Bazcacen Vazquacen Vazcazen and Vazaçan Bascassan Its origin is uncertain.
The people of the area are called Bazkazandarr in basque. Ahaxachillo is mentioned in the 1863 dictionary.) Bastida is indicated by Raymond. Errékaldéa is mentioned with the spelling Errecaldia referring to the flowing stream of Bascassan flowing into the Laurhibar. CurutchetCurutchet was a former fief of a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. EtcheverriaPaul Raymond mentioned an Etcheberry, a fief located in the parish of Alciette and a vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre. GaratehegiThe name Garatehegi appears in the forms: Garateguia sent jullian et garateheguj la parropie de garatehegi Garatteguy Garatéhéguy Garateguy Garatehegi from Basque means "summit of the high country". GasteluaGastelua appears with the spelling Gastellu in 1863. LibiétaLibiéta is a toponym that appears in the forms: Libiet Libiette LigetaLigeta is mentioned in the forms: Lagueta Ligueta Liguete, 1366, 1413); the origin of this toponym could be the Latin Liger. The Lordship of Ahaxe called the Lordship of Cize, was allied with the Viscounts of Arbéroue in the 11th century as well as the lordships of Guiche and to the Counts of Biscay.
Ahaxe and Alciette-Bascassan were reunited on 11 June 1842. List of Successive Mayors of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan The commune belongs to seven inter-communal structures: the community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Economic activity is agricultural; the commune is part of the zone designation of the Ossau-iraty. The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan at a rank of 27,645 with an average income of €13,257. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the Basque dialect spoken in Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan is eastern low Navarrese. There is a gaztelu zahar at a place called Gaztalepo, located 550 metres above sea level. There is a lice or a fence surrounding a fortification running at 313 metres above sea level at a place called Gaztelua or Gastellia.
These artifacts represent the ancient past of the commune. There are several buildings and farms in the commune that are listed as historical monuments; these are: Houses and Farms Kapila House Idioinea farm Gohonetxea farm Château Saint-Julien A number of churches and sites in the commune have been classified as historical monuments. These are: Parish Church of Saint Julien of Antioch The cemetery contains a remarkable collection of Hilarri. Hilarri in the Saint Julien Church Cemetery Chapel of Saint-Saveur of Alciette; the chapel contains several historical objects: Pulpit 2 Benches Main Altar, Retable and 4 Candlestic
Anglet is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. Anglet lies in the traditional province of Labourd of the Northern Basque Country while its inhabitants have traditionally spoken Gascon; the inhabitants of the commune are known as Angloyes. Anglet commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz located south-west of the city and part of the Basque province of Labourd; the commune is 10% covered with pine forests, including those of Pignada and Chiberta. The sandy coast starts 200 km north at the Pointe de Grave on the shore of the estuary of the Gironde and ends in Anglet, it is punctuated by numerous seawalls cutting the shore. At Anglet the outline of the public maritime domain has been updated and a coastal reserve forty metres wide has been observed since 1978. With its many bays and inlets this area is a laboratory for monitoring techniques for studying coastal erosion; the Anglet coast has 11 beaches from north to south: Beach of la Barre.
The French Basque Coast designates the part of the Aquitaine coast between the Chambre d'Amour cave at Anglet and the Spanish border. Anglet has an airport Aéroport de Biarritz-Anglet-Bayonne some 2 kilometres south of the town accessible from the D810 road, it has flights to destinations across France as well as Europe. Anglet is served by the A63 autoroute, the D810 road from Bayonne to Anglet town, the D260 road from Bayonne to the northern part of the commune and continuing south-west towards Biarritz. During the winter season of 2013/2014 the A1, A2, C, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, N Chronoplus bus routes operated by the Transdev agglomeration de Bayonne serve Anglet connecting it to other communes in the metropolitan area: Bayonne, Bidart, Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, Tarnos; the Adour flows into the Atlantic Ocean between Anglet on the left bank and Tarnos on the right bank. The commune is traversed by the following tributaries of the Adour: the Sarraoute the Artigou the Camoudiet the Horc the Prade the Gaoube the Houillassat the Gaoubole the Hourclat the Larraoudille the Bon the Adour de Gripp the May d'Escaret the Arrimoula the Adour de Lesponne the Serris The origin of the name Anglet is Roman from the Latin angulus, "Land shaped like a wedge" or "low terrain or depression".
This last hypothesis was confirmed by Jean-Baptiste Orpustan who indicated that the official name and the basque name derived from two distinct strains of the same origin: angellu, a diminutive of Angulu, cited by L. Michelena who affirmed that "low terrain" applies to "all the sandy beach-front in the commune"; the Basque name of the commune is Angelu and the Gascon name is Anglet. The inhabitants are known as Anglòi in Angeluar in Basque; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque ToponymyOrigins: Cartulary: Cartulary of Bayonne or Livre d'Or Collations: Collations of the Diocese of Bayonne Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750 Chapter: Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne Saint-Claire: Titles of the Abbey of Sainte-Claire of Bayonne Based on discoveries made, the oldest land in Anglet dates back to prehistory and Mousterian culture.
Various flint tools characteristic of the Mousterian period have been discovered. The use of splinters on both faces to make sharp points allows working on skins and making axes with wooden handles. Around Anglet, including the Tower of Lannes and Sutar, open air locations high above low swampy parts were preferred as in other parts of Basque Country; the prefecture of the Aquitaine region, considering the knowledge elements of the archaeological heritage of the commune identified in the archaeological database of the Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs of Aquitaine issued an order for the following sites: Brindos, Cote 50, La Ballastière of Micoteau, Hondritz referenced as having Paleolithic occupation. The sites in the Rue du Colombier and the Tower of Lannes are referenced to as prehistoric sites of refuge which refers to occupation in proto-historic times. During the Roman era, Bayonne served as a castrum for a cohort large enough for a rampart to be built surrounding an area somewhat excessive for an Army, but no remains indicate that there was a cit
Aramits is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aramitsiennes. Aramits is located in part of the Barétous valley, the westernmost of the three main valleys of Béarn crossing the Pyrenees, it is located 3 km north of Arette. Access is by the D919 road from Ance in the north-east to the village continuing to Lanne-en-Baretous in the south-west. There are the minor roads D659 from the village north to join the D159 on the northern border and the D133 which goes south from the village to Arette. Bus route 848 of the Inter-urban network of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, which connects La Pierre Saint-Martin to Oloron-Sainte-Marie, has a stop in Aramits. Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is bisected from south-west to north-east by: Le Vert a tributary of the Gave d'Oloron which gathers many tributaries of its own in the commune including the Aurone, the Lancy, the Littos, the Talou Gros, by the arrècs of Bugalaran, Bitole and Labaigt.
The tributaries of the Joos: the Arriou de Sulu and the Bouhatéko erreka flow through the commune. The commune name in béarnais is Aràmits. For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, the origin of the name is from the Basque aran and -itz giving "place of valleys" or "confluence", it would indicate that the inhabitants were once nicknamed grenouilles - a name for the inhabitants of wetlands). The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Grosclaude: Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, 2006 Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750Origins: Ossau: Titles of the Ossau Valley Luntz: Insinuations: Insinuations of the Diocese of Oloron Aspe: Titles of the Aspe Valley Census: Census of Béarn Cour Majour: Regulations of the Cour Majour Military: Military Inspection of Béarn Paul Raymond on page 7 of his 1863 dictionary that Aramits is the former capital of the Barétous valley and that there were two Lay Abbeys, vassals of the Viscounts of Béarn: The Abadie-Susan and Abadie-Jusan.
He further noted that in 1385 there were 52 fires at Aramits and it depended on the bailiwick of Oloron. Shortly before, the priest of Aramits played the role of mediator in conflicts between the Navarrese and the Bearnese which gave birth to the treaty called the Junta de Roncal, leading to the yearly tribute of the three cows paid by Aramits to Isaba. In 1790, the Canton of Aramits included Esquiule. On 13 March 2000 Aramits was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 4.2. List of Successive Mayors Aramits is part of five inter-communal structures: The Community of communes of the Barétous Valley. In 2009 the commune had 677 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The economy of the town is oriented toward agriculture and livestock.
It is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty. The Parish church of Saint-Vincent is registered as an historical monument, it was a former Lay Abbey with the remains of a portal from the 17th century but the old church was demolished in 1880. The new Romanesque-Byzantine style church was built from 1884 to 1886; the Sommet de Souek is 623 metres high The Soum d'Unars is 604 metres The Barrat de Sottou is 556 metres. The commune has a primary school. Rugby Union: the Entente Aramits plays in Fédérale 2. Pierre Capdevielle played there from 1985 to 1994. Henri d'Aramitz lived in the commune, he was the son of Charles Aramitz and a sergeant in the company of musketeers, the inspiration for Aramis in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Aramits Official web site Aramits on Lion1906 Aramits on Google Maps Aramits on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aramits on the 1750 Cassini Map Aramits on the INSEE website INSEE
Amorots-Succos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Amoroztar in Basque Amorots-Succos is located some 50 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 10 km north-west of Saint-Palais in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre, it can be accessed by the D123 road from Beguios in the east passing west through the village and the commune and continuing to La Bastide-Clairence. The D14 from Meharin to Garris passes through the southern tip of the commune; the commune is mixed farmland with no other villages or hamlets. Numerous streams rise and flow through the commune including the Ruisseau d'Isaac Berds which forms part of the western border and flows to the Laharanne which joins the Lihoury far to the north, the Jelesseko Erika forming the south-eastern border, the Ruisseau de Cherrits in the south, the Ruisseau d'Otherguy, many other unnamed streams. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a forest origin for Amorots meaning "the land of oaks".
Succos derives from the Basque zoko meaning "isolated country". The current spelling in Basque is Amorotze-Zokotze. Pierre Lhande, in his Basque-French Dictionary, indicated the spelling Sokueze for Succos; the following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune. Sources: Orpustan: Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. Origins: Chapter: Chapter of Soule Pamplona: Titles of Pamplona Irissarry: Regulations of the Commandry of Irissarry The village of Succos was united with Amorots on 16 August 1841. List of Successive Mayors The commune belongs to six inter-communal associations: The Community of Communes of Amikuze the AEP Association of Mixe Country the Energy Association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques the inter-communal association for the operation of schools in Amikuze the Association to promote Basque culture the educational grouping association for Amorots-Succos, Arraute-Charritte, Béguios, Orègue In 1350 there were 5 fires at Amorots and 10 at Succos.
The fiscal census of 1412-1413 carried out on the orders of Charles III of Navarre compared to the census of 1551 of men and arms that are present in the Kingdom of Navarre on this side of the ports revealed a population in high growth. The first census showed 4 fires at Amorots while the second showed 13; the same at Succos: the first census showed 5 fires and the second 19. The census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695 counted 40 fires at 32 at Succos; the total at the 1758 census was 74 fires at Amorots. In 2009 the commune had 228 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 From 1793 to 1836 the population above was only for Amorots, separate from Succos.
The population for Succos for that period is shown below: The commune forms part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone of Ossau-iraty. According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the dialect of Basque spoken in Amendeuix-Oneix is eastern low Navarrese. Two religious sites in the commune are registered as historical monuments: The Church of Saint-Martin of Succos and old Guardhouse, The cemetery wall serves as a fronton; the Parish Church of Saint Luce at Amorots. Education Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, Arraute-Charritte are associated through an educational regrouping Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department AMOROTZE-ZOKOTZE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Amorots-Succos on Lion1906 Amorots-Succos on Google Maps Amorots-Succos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Amorots and Succos on the 1750 Cassini Map Amorots-Succos on the INSEE website INSEE
Abidos is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France. Abidos is a Béarnais commune located some 13 km south-east of Orthez and 4 km north of Mourenx on the south side of the Gave de Pau. Access to the commune is by the D31 road from Le Bourguet in the north turning west in the commune to access the village and continuing southwest to join the D9; the D33 road from Noguères in the southeast passes through the commune east of the village and joins the D31 as it turns west. The commune has an industrial area in the southwest with the rest of the commune farmland; the Gave de Pau forms the north-eastern border of the commune and passes through the northern corner of the commune as it flows north-west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. The Baïse river flows through the centre of the commune from the southeast and joins the Gave de Pau in the commune; the Luzoué flows from the southeast through the west of the commune to join the Gave de Pau.
Bastia Bernacheyre Chalosse Joanlong Pleasure Us The name Abidos appears in the forms: Avitos in the 11th century, Pierre de Marca and around 1100 and in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq. Avitoss was another form around 1100, Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn. *Avezos appeared around 1100 in the Cartulary of the Abbey of Lucq-de-Béarn Avidoos in the 13th century in the Fors de Béarn Sent-Sadarnii of Abidos in 1344 Notaries of Pardies Bidos and Bydos in 1548, Reformation of Béarn Abidos on the Cassini Map of 1750Michel Grosclaude offers a Latin etymology of Avitus plus the Aquitaine suffix -ossum "domain of Avitus". Its name in Béarnais is Avidos. Paul Raymond notes that in 1385, Abidos had 18 fires and depended on the bailiwicks of Lagor and Pardies. Abidos had a castle with an attached door across the Pau river. List of Successive Mayors of Abidos Abidos is a member of seven inter-communal organisations: the community of communes of Lacq SIVU for the development and management of the river basin of Baïses AEP union for water and Baise.
Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicated that the median household incomes for each municipality with more than 50 households classed Abidos to rank at No. 10,338, with an average income of €17,174. The town is part of the zone designation of Ossau-iraty. There is an old chapel at Abidos castle. An arboretum created by the community of communes of Lacq and the Abengoa BioEnergy France company, is located behind the village hall. Found in Abydos, a mill with its canal; the path of Naöu means an unencumbered way along the Pau river. The commune has a school with two classrooms for primary school, a school canteen, a library; the town has a sports field in the centre with a football field, basketball court, volleyball court, tennis courts. There is a sports hall equipped for basketball and Basque pelota. Lastly there is a roller skate park for BMX edge of the Baise. Raoul Vergez was born in Abidos on 3 August 1908 and died in Senlis on 7 July 1977.
He was writer and journalist. Known by the name of "Béarnais, the friend of the Tour de France", he left an important mark on the work of the Companions in France, he reported from the United States during a trip in 1952, some special techniques for companion carpenters. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Abidos on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Abidos on the 1750 Cassini Map Abidos on the INSEE website INSEE