Småland is a historical province in southern Sweden. Småland borders Blekinge, Halland, Västergötland, Östergötland and the island Öland in the Baltic Sea; the name Småland means Small Lands. The Latinized form Smolandia has been used in other languages; the highest point in Småland is at 377 metres. The traditional provinces of Sweden no longer serve any governmental purpose, but they do remain important and culturally; the province of Småland today is divided entirely into the three administrative counties of Jönköping and Kronoberg. Some few small portions of historic Småland are situated in Östergötland Counties; the current coat of arms, granted in 1569, displays a rampant red lion carrying a crossbow, all on a golden background. The arms may be surmounted by a ducal coronet; the blazon in English would be, "Or, a lion rampant gules and armed azure, holding in its front paws a crossbow of the second and stringed Sable with a bolt argent." The population of Småland was 754,535 as of 31 December 2016, distributed over five counties as follows: The land is dominated by a forested high plain in which the soil is mixed with sand and small boulders, making it barren in all but the coastal areas and unsuited for agriculture except in certain locations, most notably the Kalmar plains.
The province is rich in bogs. The coast is marked by cultivated flatlands in the south. In total, cultivated land covers 14%, meadows cover 7%, forests cover 50% of the surface of the province. Other than lacking deep valleys, the landscape is similar to the Norrland terrain found further north in Sweden; the largest towns are Jönköping in the north-west, Växjö in the south, Kalmar on the east coast near Öland Island. Småland comprises the central and southern parts of the South Swedish highlands. In detail, the topography of Småland is a series of flat surfaces built upon or deformed by a geological dome; the elevated terrain thought to be a buckle formed as result of far-away forces transmitted to Sweden. The main surfaces are the Sub-Cambrian peneplain, the South Småland peneplain and the "200 m peneplain"; these surfaces and others are arranged in a stepped sequence called a piedmonttreppen. In eastern Småland, the Sub-Cambrian peneplain dips to the sea. To the West, this part of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain terminates along a North-South escarpment that separates it from other flat surfaces.
Central and northwestern Småland contains strings of isolated hills. The lakes and rivers of Småland are associated to zones of weak rock, either fractured, weathered, or both; the many lakes in Småland owe their existence to the creation of basins through the stripping of an irregular mantle of weathered rock by glacial erosion. The Lagan and the Nissan drain western Småland, following for most of their courses zones of weak rock associated with the Protogine Zone. Rusken, Möckeln lakes are aligned with a more eastern branch of the Protogine Zone. Canyons cut into the bedrock are common in central and northern Småland, with the area near Mörlunda containing various narrow canyons; the climate of Småland is divided between the oceanic climate of coastal areas such as Kalmar and the humid continental climate of the interior higher areas such as Jönköping. Southern interior areas such as Växjö have similar oceanic climates such as the coastline. However, temperature average differences between areas are small, since Småland lies in the continental/oceanic transition zone.
Summer daytime averages are similar throughout the province, since according to Weatherbase all three major urban areas are on average around 21 °C with daytime winter temperatures hovering around the freezing point. The colder nights averaging −5 °C in Jönköping are rendering its continental classification; the locality of Målilla has the Swedish and Scandinavian all-time highest-measured temperature with 38 °C on June 1, 1947. The area was populated in the Stone Age from the south, by people moving along the coast up to Kalmar. Småland was populated by Stone Age peoples by at least 6000 BC, since the Alby People are known to have crossed the ice bridge across the Kalmar Strait at that time, it is named Småland because it was an aggrupation of a dozen little territories: Kinda, Vista, Tjust, Aspeland, Handbörd, Möre, Värend and Njudung. Each "small land" had its own law in the Viking age and early Middle Ages and could declare itself neutral in wars that Sweden was involved in -- at least if the King had no army present at the parliamentary debate.
Around 1350, during the reign of Magnus Eriksson, the first national law code was introduced in Sweden and the historic provinces lost much of their old autonomy. The city of Kalmar is one of the oldest cities of Sweden. In the medieval period it was the southernmost and the third largest city in Sweden, when it was a center for export of iron, which, in many cases, was handled by German merchants. At that time and Blekinge were not part of Sweden. Småland was the center of several peasant rebellions; the most nearly successful was the Dackefejden led by Nils Dacke in 1542 and 1543. When officials of king Gustav Vasa were assaulted and murdered, the king sent small expeditions to pacify the area. Dacke was the virtual ruler of large parts of Småland during that Winter, though much troubled by a blockade of supplies, before being defeated by larger forces attacking
Hanna Elise Isabell Maj Höstblomma Ryd, known professionally as Elize Ryd, is a Swedish singer-songwriter, dancer and show artist, best known as one of the three vocalists in the melodic metalcore/power metal band Amaranthe. She gained some popularity prior to the band's inception by performing guest vocals for the symphonic power metal band Kamelot, both on tour and in the studio, she sings in the soprano range. Born Hanna Elise Isabell Maj Höstblomma Ryd, Ryd started out her singing career, after graduating from a three-year education at Performing Arts School, as a cabaret performer at the Cabaret Lorensberg in Gothenburg, she did some chorus for different local bands such as Falconer. When she met Joacim "Jake E" Lundberg in a club in Gothenburg, he requested that she record vocals for a song with his band Dreamland, titled "Fade Away." Jake E introduced her to Olof Mörck, who proposed a collaboration with his band Dragonland to which she agreed. It was around this time that symphonic metal band Nightwish took interest in Ryd as a replacement for their previous singer Tarja Turunen, although she was not chosen for the role.
She has stated in an interview that this was because she was a little too young, had a lack of experience and was unfamiliar with the industry. At the same time she, Mörck, Lundberg talked about starting their own band with her as a lead singer and composer; the band was named Avalanche, renamed to Amaranthe for legal reasons. In early 2009, Amaranthe released their debut EP. In early 2011 they released their first two singles, "Hunger" and "Rain" before releasing their debut album Amaranthe, which reached a peak position of 35th on Swedish charts and 16th on Finnish Charts. With this album the band released two music videos, one for the aforementioned song "Hunger" and another for the song "Amaranthine". Both were directed by Patric Ullaeus for Revolver Films. There was a video shot for'1.000.000 Lightyears', the fourth single from their debut album. On 25 January 2013, Amaranthe released a music video on 13 March. Amaranthe's second album, The Nexus, was released in March 2013. In 2013, Amaranthe released two videos for their singles "Burn With Me" and "Invincible."
Amaranthe released a new single and video for'Drop Dead Cynical' in September 2014. Their third album, Massive Addictive, was released on 21 October 2014 as well as two more videos for'Digital World' and'True' and a lyric video for'Trinity'. A special compilation Breaking Point - B-sides 2011-2015 was released on 30 October 2015. Amaranthe released their fourth album Maximalism in October 2016, with "That Song" as the lead single. Throughout 2011 and 2012, Ryd joined Kamelot on stage as one of their primary touring vocalists, recorded guest vocals on three tracks for Kamelot's tenth album Silverthorn, was featured in one music video. On 28 September 2012 whilst supporting Nightwish's North American leg of the Imaginaerum World Tour with Kamelot and fellow Kamelot touring vocalist Alissa White-Gluz of The Agonist joined symphonic metal band Nightwish for a one-time concert in Denver when their lead vocalist Anette Olzon was hospitalized. Since Amaranthe's explosion in popularity, Ryd has been featured on songs by several different artists she had not collaborated with.
In 2011 she had three notable collaborations. These consisted of guest vocals for Swedish rock band Takida's fourth album The Burning Heart and Renegade Five's September 2011 EP Life Is Already Fading. Beside fellow Amaranthe vocalists Jake E. and Andreas Solveström, Elize once again featured on a Dragonland album – this time the band's fifth album Under the Grey Banner. In 2012, Ryd performed guest vocals on the debut single "Evolution" by the musical project Dreamstate set up by Takida guitarist Tomas Wallin. In 2013, Ryd performed vocals in the album The Land of New Hope, from a new metal opera project by Timo Tolkki called Avalon, in which she is the main character; the album was released on 17 May 2013. She was confirmed as one of the vocalists for the second album called Angels of the Apocalypse. In 2013, she recorded a song with the Russian composer Alexey Soloviev; the song is called'Alone in the Universe'. In the end of 2013, Ryd took part in the Raskasta Joulua project incorporating the sound of metal to Christmas carols.
She sang the song "Julen är här" as a duet with Tony Kakko from Sonata Arctica. She joined the Raskasta Joulua tour for the final gigs. During that visit in Finland she performed on Finnish national television. There she sang Ave Maria together with the bassist from Nightwish, they got platinum record from it. In 2014 she participated again to Raskasta Joulua recordings."Raknarok Juletide" with song "Christmas is here", English version from "Julen är här" with Tony Kakko, to "Raskasta Joulua 2", where she sang "Himlen i min famn", a cover of Carola Häggkvist. "Raskasta Joulua 2" sold over 20 000 copies and they got platinum record from it. During Bandit Rock Awards 2014, Ryd received the award for the years "Rock & Role Model." Ryd performed vocals in the new Timo Tolkki's Avalon album called Angels of the Apocalypse, along with Simone Simons, Floor Jansen, Fabio Lione, other female power metal vocalists, released on 16 May 2014. She is featured on the new Nergard album A Bit Closer To Heaven, it was released in May 2015.
The album features Nils K. Rue, Michael Eriksen and Ralf Scheepers; the song is called'On Through The Storm' and was a duet with the Swedish singer Andi Kravljaca. She is featured in the secon
Jönköping County is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Halland, Västra Götaland, Östergötland and Kronoberg; the total county population was 356,291 inhabitants in September 2017. The capital and largest city is Jönköping. About one quarter of the total county population lives in the combined Jönköping-Huskvarna urban area around the southern point of Lake Vättern. Despite being used to indicate the geographical and historical region, the larger historical province of Småland, which most of Jönköping County is part of, has no administrative or political significance today. Jönköping County has existed as an administrative division since the 17th century, constitutes the north-western part of Småland, the other parts being Kronoberg County in the south-west and Kalmar County in the east. Jönköping County was periodically united with neighbouring Kronoberg County in the single Jönköping and Kronoberg County until 1687; until the 18th century the administration was housed in the renaissance fortress at Jönköping Castle, demolished in the 19th century.
Habo Municipality and Mullsjö Municipality, from the south-eastern part of the historical province of Västergötland, are since the dissolution of Skaraborg County in 1998 part of Jönköping County. The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case; the County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. The seat of residence for the Governor or Landshövding is the city of Jönköping. See the list of Jönköping Governors; the main responsibilities of the County Council of Jönköping, or Landstinget i Jönköpings län, are the regional public healthcare system and public transport. The County Council Assembly, the elected body for regional municipal issues, is elected every four years concurrently with the Riksdag elections; the county's best-known parliamentary representative was the late Olof Palme, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1969 to 1986, twice Prime Minister of Sweden from 1969 to 1976 and from 1982 to 1986.
Jönköping County is the strongest electoral region of the Christian Democrats, who traditionally have a large following among members of evangelical churches in the region. The County Council Assembly and most of the municipalities in the county are governed by liberal-conservative, center-right coalitions; the Social Democrats have been strong in mill towns and industrial districts of Jönköping County. The present acting Governor of Jönköping County is Anneli Wirtén; the ten most populous localities of Jönköping County in 2010: Jönköping County was formally granted its arms in 1942. By custom it used a combination of the lesser state arms of Sweden and the arms for the town of Jönköping. Blazon for the town of Jönköping: "Gules, a Castle with three towers Argent massoned windowed and gated Sable issuant from a Base wavy Azure". County Administrative Board of Jönköping County Council of Jönköping Regional Development Council of Jönköping County
Superettan is an association football league and the second highest league in the league system of Swedish men's football. Contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Allsvenskan and Division 1. Seasons run from April to October, with teams playing 30 matches each, totalling 240 matches in the season; the league was created in 2000. The second tier of Swedish football had consisted of a varying number of regionalized leagues operating under the Division 2 and Division 1 names. There are 16 clubs in Superettan. During the course of a season each club plays the other twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 30 games. At the end of each season the two lowest placed teams are relegated to Division 1 and the two winning teams from the two Division 1 leagues are promoted in their place while the third and fourth lowest teams in Superettan play a promotion/relegation play-off against the two-second placed teams in Division 1.
The top two teams in Superettan are promoted to Allsvenskan and the two lowest placed teams from Allsvenskan are relegated in their place. The third placed team in Superettan plays a promotion/relegation play-off against the third lowest team in Allsvenskan; the Swiss corporation Kentaro has owned the TV rights for Superettan since 2006. Through license agreements with the media company TV4 Group matches are aired on TV4 Sport who will broadcast a total of 90 matches in 2013 with the remaining 150 games available as online pay per view; the current license agreement is valid from 2011 to 2015. 1 Correct as of end of 2018 season The current managers in Superettan are: Superettan had an average attendance of 2,278 during its most recent season. The highest attendance recorded at a Superettan match is 31,074; the league's best season attendance-wise was 2014 when Hammarby's average attendance reached a level, extraordinary for Superettan. Sports attendances Allsvenskan Swedish Football Association - Superettan
Monaco the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides. Monaco has an area of 2.020 km2, making it the second-smallest country in the world after the Vatican. Its population was about 38,400 based on the last census of 2016. With 19,009 inhabitants per km², it is the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco has a land border of 5.47 km, a coastline of 3.83 km, a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m. The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, 161 metres above sea level. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Through land reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by 20 percent. Monaco is known as a playground for the famous, due to its tax laws. In 2014, it was noted. Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state.
Although Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he wields immense political power. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297; the official language is French, but Monégasque and English are spoken and understood. The state's sovereignty was recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defense is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two small military units. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the country's first casino, Monte Carlo, a railway connection to Paris. Since Monaco's mild climate and gambling facilities have contributed to the principality's status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. In more recent years, Monaco has become a major banking centre and has sought to diversify its economy into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries.
The state has no income tax, low business taxes, is well known for being a tax haven. It is the host of the annual street circuit motor race Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One; the principality has a club football team. Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union, but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the euro as its sole currency. Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004, it is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. Monaco's name comes from the nearby 6th-century BC Phocaean Greek colony. Referred to by the Ligurians as Monoikos, from the Greek "μόνοικος", "single house", from "μόνος" "alone, single" + "οἶκος" "house", which bears the sense of a people either settled in a "single habitation" or of "living apart" from others. According to an ancient myth, Hercules passed through the Monaco area and turned away the previous gods; as a result, a temple was constructed there, the temple of Hercules Monoikos.
Because the only temple of this area was the "House" of Hercules, the city was called Monoikos. It ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire. An ousted branch of a Genoese family, the Grimaldi, contested it for a hundred years before gaining control. Though the Republic of Genoa would last until the 19th century, they allowed the Grimaldi family to keep Monaco, both France and Spain left it alone for hundreds of years. France did not annex it until the French Revolution, but after the defeat of Napoleon it was put under the care of the Kingdom of Sardinia. In the 19th century, when Sardinia became a part of Italy, the region came under French influence again but France allowed it to remain independent. Like France, Monaco was overrun by the Axis powers during the Second World War and for a short time was administered by Italy the Third Reich, before being liberated. Although the occupation lasted for just a short time, it meant the deportation of the Jewish population and execution of several resistance members from Monaco.
Since Monaco has been independent. It has taken some steps towards integration with the European Union. Following a land grant from Emperor Henry VI in 1191, Monaco was refounded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa. Monaco was first ruled by a member of the House of Grimaldi in 1297, when Francesco Grimaldi, known as "Il Malizia", his men captured the fortress protecting the Rock of Monaco while dressed as Franciscan monks—a monaco in Italian, although this is a coincidence as the area was known by this name. Francesco, was evicted only a few years afterwards by the Genoese forces, the struggle over "the Rock" continued for another century; the Grimaldi family was Genoese and the struggle was something of a family feud. However, the Genoese became engaged in other conflicts, in the late 1300s Genoa became involved in a conflict with the Crown of Aragon over Corsica; the Crown of Aragon became a part of Spain through marriage and other parts drifted into various pieces of other
Gnosjö Municipality is a municipality in Jönköping County, southern Sweden where the town Gnosjö is seat. The Swedish local government reform of 1952 formed this municipality out if five former entities, it has not been amalgamated with others since then. About half of the municipal population live in Gnosjö town, the rest is spread between smaller localities, rural areas. Gnosjö is referred to as the centre of the Gnosjö region, an area of enterprising small industries, driven by the distinctive "Gnosjö Spirit". Despite its small size of some 1,100 people at the time, it had been the subject of a book describing its customs and locals in 1906; the landscape is dominated by forests. The rural areas offer good possibilities for wildlife, fishing, etc; the Store Mosse is a national park consisting of the largest boggy ground south of Lapland. Near Hillerstorp is a small but nationally renowned amusement park called High Chaparral offering Wild West experiences. There is, in Gnosjö town, a small museum of the local industrial history, in this case a mechanical workshop.
There are seven urban areas in Gnosjö Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005; the municipal seat is in bold characters. Statistics Sweden Gnosjö Municipality - Official site
Mullsjö Municipality is a municipality in Jönköping County, southern Sweden. Its seat is in the locality of Mullsjö; the municipality was formed in 1952 by the amalgamation of four former entities. In 1998 it was transferred from the dissolved Skaraborg County to Jönköping County; the geography is known for its many lakes and canoeing waters. In the winter, one may enjoy winter sports activities such as down-hill skiing. There is a folk high school in Mullsjö. There are 2 urban areas in Mullsjö Municipality. In the table the localities are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005; the municipal seat is in bold characters. Sights within the municipality include the scenic Ryfors Estates, with its park and nearby golfing course. Näs Lagård in Bjurbäck, southern part of Mullsjö, is one of Sweden's most famous places for classical chamber music. Bjurbäcks Konsthall - Artgallery and café. Näs Porthus in Bjurbäck, famous building of cultural historical interest. Worthwhile is the House of Legends, a museum about Scandinavian folklore, such as trolls, giants and gnomes.
Mullsjö houses a small skiing resort called Knaggebo which has three different slopes. Statistics Sweden Mullsjö Municipality - Official site Coat of arms Bjurbäck - The official site of Bjurbäck, in southern part of Mullsjö Municipality Mullsjö Folkhögskola - Mullsjö folk high school