Spånga-Tensta is a borough in Stockholm, Sweden located in the north. The districts that make up the borough are Bromsten, Lunda, Solhem and Tensta. A large portion of the uninhabited field Järvafältet belongs to the districts of Husby; the borough consists of the following places: Spånga TenstaThe population as of 2004 is 34,448 on an area of 12.85 km², which gives a density of 2,680.78/km². The transport provided is: Rail: The Blue Line of the Stockholm Metro, running from Kungsträdgården in the city centre to Hjulsta station in the north west, it has two stations in the borough of Spånga-Tensta and Tensta, both inaugurated in 1975. Commuter rail has Spånga Station. Bus: Several bus routes serve the borough. Car: E18/Hjulstavägen runs on the north of Hjulsta and Tensta; when finished, the Förbifart Stockholm motorway will connect to E18 at Hjulsta. Media related to Spånga-Tensta at Wikimedia Commons
Akalla is a district in Rinkeby-Kista borough, Sweden. Akalla has 8,153 inhabitants as of December 31, 2007, in which immigrants from Iran, make up 64% of the population. Akalla is located on the blue metro line. Modern Akalla, with its concrete apartment buildings, as well as smaller houses, was constructed in the mid-1970s as a part of the Million Programme; the suburb is built close to, named after an old farm from the 17th century. The name of Akalla is known from 1323. Between 1905 and 1970, the area was used by the Swedish army as training grounds; the street names in Akalla are Finland related. The main street is called Sibeliusgången, in honour of the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius, it is reserved for pedestrians only. Today, Akalla is known to be a great suburb for families. Right outside Akalla is Barkarby Airport, until its closure in 2010 Sweden's oldest active airport. Akalla metro station
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Kista is a district in the borough of Rinkeby-Kista, Sweden. It has a strategic position located in between Sweden's main airport, the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport and central Stockholm, alongside the main national highway E4 economic artery. Kista comprises residential and commercial areas, the latter in the technological telecommunication and information technology industry. There are large research efforts in this entire area, it is known as the research park of KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Kista is the largest Information and Communications Technology cluster in Europe, the world's second largest cluster after Silicon Valley in California, it is the largest corporate area in Sweden, important to the national economy due to the presence of, among others, Ericsson Group, the largest corporation in Sweden. Kista Science City is the location where a large portion of the research and development of the world's 4G LTE mobile telephony infrastructure is being developed, a European ETSI standard used worldwide and Kista Science City has been the largest such cluster in Europe for decades.
A majority is done at Ericsson corporation, with 100,000 employees worldwide, but with its research and worldwide Headquarters in the Kista Science City. Kista was named after an old farm "Kista Gård"; the construction of the modern parts were started in the 1970s. Most of the streets in Kista are named after towns and places in Denmark, Iceland and Faroe Islands. Before the opening of the Mall of Scandinavia, Kista Galleria was the biggest shopping center in the Stockholm region; because of its ICT industries, it became in the 1980s referred to as "Chipsta" and, after Sweden joined the EU in 1995 as Europe's "Silicon Valley". Kista important to the national economy; the construction of the industrial section of Kista began in the 1970s with companies such as SRA, RIFA AB, IBM Svenska AB. Ericsson has had its headquarters in Kista since 2003. Kista hosts entire departments of both KTH Royal Institute of Technology, such as Wireless@KTH, Stockholm University. There are Swedish national research institutes such as the Swedish Institute of Computer Science and Swedish Defence Research Agency, FOI who has its Headquarters there, just as Ericsson, Swedish IBM and Tele 2, among others has.
The Swedish Co-location Centre of EU innovation and entrepreneurial education organisation EIT Digital is located in Kista and offers a 2-year Master program in collaboration with KTH Royal Institute of Technology. Kista Science Tower Kista metro station Kista Science City Kista Business Network
Bromma is a borough in the western part of Stockholm, forming part of the Stockholm Municipality. Bromma is made up of the parish with the same name, the parish of Västerled; the fourth largest airport in Sweden and the third largest of the airports close to Stockholm, the Stockholm Bromma Airport, was built in Bromma in 1936. The districts that make up the borough are Abrahamsberg, Beckomberga, Bromma kyrka, Bällsta, Eneby, Höglandet, Mariehäll, Nockebyhov, Norra Ängby, Riksby, Smedslätten, Stora Mossen, Södra Ängby, Ulvsunda, Ulvsunda Industriområde, Åkeshov, Åkeslund, Ålsten and Äppelviken; as of 2004, the population is 59,229 in an area of 24.60 km², which gives a density of 2,407.68/km². Bromma is dotted with tiny forests and lakes, including the Judarn forest surrounding the Judarn Lake, the parks around Åkeshov Castle and Ulvsunda Castle. Bromma kyrka is one of the most distinguished Romanesque churches in the region, celebrated for a complete scheme of wallpaintings by the late medieval artist Albertus Pictor.
Bromma consists predominantly of high- and medium-income residential neighbourhoods, the Ulvsunda industrial area. This is situated close to the only airport in the city of Stockholm, it was opened in 1936 and serves domestic destinations. Ängby Camping is one of the largest camping lots in Stockholm and is situated close to a large beach by Lake Mälaren. In the 2002 elections, the right wing parties received 70% of the votes. Bromma is the birthplace of Douglas Murray. Per Albin Hansson, Prime Minister of Sweden 1932 to 1946, lived in Ålsten during the last years of his life, died on the tram in Ålsten in 1946. Martin Eriksson, better known as E-Type, moved to Bromma with his family at the age of 14. Sweden's first man in space, Christer Fuglesang, was raised in Bromma. Nobel Prize laureates Gunnar and Alva Myrdal lived at several locations in Bromma along with their children, including writer Jan Myrdal; the local football team Brommapojkarna is in the Allsvenskan although not regarded as a major team in Stockholm, it has the largest youth academy in the world.
Its main emphasis on producing technical and fast players. Sweden´s most famous basketball team, Alviks BK - founded 1956 - has won the Swedish Championship 19 times since 1963; when it operated, the charter airline Scanair had its head office in Bromma. Birgit Rosengren, actress. Politics of Stockholm Stockholm Bromma Airport Västerort Vällingby Sundbyberg Solna Drottningholm Bromma community page Map of Bromma Beauty salon Stockholm-Bromma Airport
Hässelby Villastad is a city district of Stockholm, in the north-western part of the Swedish capital Stockholm. It forms part of Stockholm Municipality. Stretching west to Lake Mälaren, it is an upper middle-class area with notable landmarks being the central commercial area Åkermyntan, the big landfill Lövsta, used for all of Stockholm's refuse from the late 19th century to about 1950; the city district has several schools, the biggest are Hässelby Villastadsskolan and Smedshagsskolan, with all having 1,000 students each. Riddersvik is a mansion with two wings. Today used for conferences and a restaurant, it was built for a businessman in the 18th century, who used it as a leisure park. Beside the mansion is a wooden jetty attached to the rock stretching along the water from Riddersvik to Fargersstrand. Allmäna badet is the main beach in the municipality, with a newly built wooden deck. There are two piers from which one can jump into the water, on the other side of the beach there is the children's beach.
In Hässelby there is a nature resort called "Lövstaskogen", a popular destination for promenades. Hässelby
Districts of Sweden
Municipalities in Sweden are in some rare cases divided into smaller districts or urban districts, are sometimes assigned administrative boards responsible for certain areas of governance in their respective areas. These districts are not specified by national Swedish law, but rather are created by individual municipalities, thus the Swedish names of these districts vary from municipality to municipality, including kommundelar, stadsdelområden, primärområden, or stadsdelsnämndsområden; the degree of administrative autonomy of these districts varies but is very limited. The city council of Stockholm Municipality has divided the city into smaller subdivisions; the city uses the English term "district" to describe these subdivisions. The districts were first created in 1997 to facilitate the efficiency of local government in Stockholm; the number of districts was reduced from 24 to 18 the following year, reduced again to the current 14 in 2007. Since the establishment of these districts, certain administrative tasks, such as school administration were re-centralized.
Each district has its own district administration, led by a district council, responsible for certain areas of municipal governance within their district, including pre-school education, park maintenance, local economic initiatives, elderly services, financial counseling, refugee reception services. Individual district councils have no power over city planning or tax policy, both of which are retained by the central city council; the councilors that serve on these district councils are part-time politicians holding other employment. They are preferably residents of the district; the central city council itself is responsible for setting the budget and responsibilities of the district councils. The city council appoints the members of each district council, so the political makeup of the district council resembles that of the central city council, not that of the district; the member of the district council are not elected in any fashion by the residents of the district in question. Stockholm's 14 districts are sometimes divided into smaller parts for statistical purposes, however these smaller districts have no administrative function in the city's governance.
Stockholm has 14 districts as of the administrative changes made in 2007: Gothenburg Municipality is divided into subdivisions which it refers to as "districts" in English, though as with Stockholm's districts, they are referred to as boroughs in unofficial contexts. The Swedish term used by the city council is stadsdelsnämndsområden; these districts were created in 1990. Just like in Stockholm, these districts each have a local governing body which Gothenburg calls "district committees." These committees serve a nearly identical function to Stockholm's district councils, including recreation, local economic issues and social services, the lower levels of the education system, like Stockholm's councils, these committees are appointed by the centralized city council. Gothenburg is divided into each with a district committee; these 21 districts can be further divided into 94 subdivisions which exist only for statistical and organizational purposes, serve no administrative function. The 21 districts of Gothenburg and the premiärområden enclosed within each: Malmö Municipality is divided into five districts.
These districts each have a board or council called a stadsdelsfullmäktige, each consisting of eleven members, which are responsible for various local administrative tasks. In Malmö, the district councils are responsible for assisting members of the community in contacting their politicians or navigating their way through government agencies; these are the five districts of Malmö: Väster Innerstaden Norr Söder Öster Other smaller municipalities in Sweden use municipal subdivisions for official purposes, however these are not always administrative. For example, Strängnäs Municipality uses district councils which serve a purely advisory function and have no administrative power. Borås Municipality is divided into ten districts, each with a district council responsible for pre-school and primary school, recreational services, services for the elderly. Torshälla is a region inside Eskilstuna Municipality which has withheld a degree of autonomy since merging with Eskilstuna, including their own city council.
Other municipalities that use districts for advisory or administrative purposes include Huddinge, Kalmar, Köping, Södertälje, Umeå and Västerås. Government of Sweden Swedish municipal assemblies Politics of Sweden City of Stockholm City of Stockholm: About Stockholm