VĂ©lodrome de Vincennes

The Vélodrome de Vincennes is a cycling stadium in the Bois de Vincennes, France. Built as a velodrome in 1894, it became the main stadium for the 1900 Summer Olympics. However, the track and field events were held at the Racing Club de France. At the 1924 Summer Olympics it became the cycling venue; the venue was the finish line of the Tour de France between 1968 and 1974. Eddy Merckx won each of his five Tour victories there. Prior to 1968, the finish had been held at the Parc des Princes from 1904 to 1967. From 1975 to the present, the Tour de France has ended on the Champs-Élysées, it has featured in two feature films, La Rafle and Sarah's Key, standing in for the Vélodrome d'hiver, in films about the notorious round-up of Parisian Jews in July 1942. The stadium is still used for cycling and rugby matches. In 2013, the ground hosted. Media related to Vélodrome de Vincennes at Wikimedia Commons

Union Association

The Union Association was a league in Major League Baseball which lasted for only one season in 1884. St. Louis joined the National League the following season. Chicago moved to Pittsburgh in late August, four teams folded during the season and were replaced. Seven of the twelve teams who were in the league at some point during the season did not play a full schedule. There was a minor league called the Union Association that operated from 1911 through 1914; the league was founded in September 1883 by the young St. Louis millionaire Henry Lucas. Lucas was named the league's president, with owner Tom Pratt of the Philadelphia franchise serving as vice-president and Warren W. White of the Washington franchise as secretary. After being appointed president, Lucas bought the best available players for his St. Louis franchise at the expense of the rest of the league, all of this representing an obvious conflict-of-interest situation. Subsequently, the Maroons won the pennant by 21 games; the league not only suffered from lopsided talent distribution, but instability: four franchises folded during the season, forcing the league to scramble to replace them with three teams from lower leagues and one new team, while Chicago moved to Pittsburgh mid-season.

A poorly drafted schedule created major problems, with the league derisively dubbed "The Onion League" by its detractors in the two established leagues. The list of franchise movements is as follows: April 17: Season opens with the following franchises: Altoona Mountain Citys, Baltimore Monumentals, Boston Reds, Chicago Browns, Cincinnati Outlaw Reds, Philadelphia Keystones, St. Louis Maroons, Washington Nationals May 31: Altoona Mountain Citys fold. June 7: Kansas City Cowboys formed to take over Altoona's games starting on this date. August 7: Philadelphia Keystones fold. August 18: Wilmington Quicksteps recruited from Eastern League to take over Philadelphia's games, starting on this date. August 21: Chicago Browns play their last game, with the franchise moving to Pittsburgh. September 15: Wilmington Quicksteps fold, having played their final game on September 12. By this point in the season the St. Louis Maroons have clinched the pennant though there are still five weeks of games left to play.

September 18: Pittsburgh Stogies fold. September 27: St. Paul Saints and Milwaukee Brewers recruited from the Northwest League to finish the Chicago/Pittsburgh schedule, the Philadelphia/Wilmington schedule, respectively. October 19: Season concludes. On January 15, 1885, at a scheduled UA meeting in Milwaukee, only the Milwaukee and Kansas City franchises showed up, the league was promptly disbanded; the St. Louis franchise itself was deemed to be strong enough to enter the National League in 1885, but it faced heavy competition within the city, as the St. Louis Browns were a power in the American Association; the lone survivor of the Union moved to Indianapolis and became the Hoosiers after 1886, having compiled records of 36-72 and 43-79, played three seasons before folding, with records of 37-89, 50-85 and 59-75 for a.360 win percentage in the NL, an all-time winning percentage of.432. These figures reveal the gulf in class between the UA and the established major leagues; the most obvious impact of the short-lived league was on the career of a player who did not jump to the new league: Charles Radbourn.

With a schedule of a little over 100 games, most teams employed two regular pitchers, the Providence Grays in the National League featured Radbourn and Charlie Sweeney. According to the book Glory Fades Away by Jerry Lansche, Sweeney fell out of grace with the Providence team in late July after he refused to be replaced in a game while drunk, was expelled. Rather than come crawling back, Sweeney signed with Lucas' team. Leveraging his situation, Radbourn pledged to stay with the club and be the sole primary pitcher if he would be given a raise and granted free agency at season's end. Radbourn, who had 24 wins at that point to Sweeney's 17, pitched nearly every game after that, went on to win an astounding 59 games during the regular season. For an encore, he won all three games of 1884's version of the World Series, pitching every inning of a sweep of the New York Metropolitans of the American Association, his performance in 1884, along with a strong career and an overall record of 309-194 assured Radbourn his place in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

The best hitter of the 1884 Union Association was Fred Dunlap of the Maroons. Star pitchers for the UA included Charlie Sweeney, Dupee Shaw and Hugh Daily. Notable players that made their debut in the Union Association included Tommy McCarthy, elected to the Hall of Fame in 1946, Jack Clements, the only man in baseball history to play a full career as a left-handed catcher. Switch-pitcher Tony Mullane attempted to sign with the Maroons, but was threatened with banishment from the NL if he did so and relented; the Union Association saw two no-hitters in its brief existence: one by Dick Burns of the Outlaw Reds on August 26 and one by Ed Cushman of the Brewers on September 28. On July 7, Hugh Daily struck out 19 Boston Reds in a nine-inning game, an "MLB" record that would stand for 102 years, until Roger Clemens struck out 20 batters in a game in 1986. Henry Porter and Dupee Shaw got 18-strikeout games; the Chicago Browns executed a triple play on June 19. Although the league is conventionally listed as a major league, this status has been questioned by a number of modern baseball historians, most notably Bill James in The Bill James Historical Baseball

John Randolph (actor)

Emanuel Hirsch Cohen, better known by the stage name John Randolph, was an American film and stage actor. Randolph was born in the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia and Romania, his mother, was an insurance agent, his father, Louis Cohen, was a hat manufacturer. In the 1930s, he spent his summers at the Pine Brook Country Club in Nichols, Connecticut, the summer home of the Group Theatre, he made his Broadway debut in 1938 in Coriolanus. Randolph joined the United States Army Air Forces in World War II, he had a small role in the 1948 film The Naked City. He and wife Sarah Cunningham were blacklisted from working in Hollywood films and in New York film and television and radio after 1948. In 1955 they were both called before the HUAC to testify concerning ongoing investigations concerning Communist infiltration in the American entertainment industry. Both he and his wife refused to answer questions and cited the Fifth Amendment protection against testifying against themselves. John and Sarah Randolph were active in AFTRA, SAG and in Actor's Equity, were elected members of union boards and became vice presidents at various times during their careers.

Randolph was one of the last blacklisted actors to regain employment in Hollywood films when director John Frankenheimer cast him in a major role in Seconds in 1966. Randolph was in the original New York stage productions of The Sound of Music, Paint Your Wagon, The Visit, he won the 1987 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play for his performance in the Neil Simon play Broadway Bound. He made his last Broadway appearance in 1991 in Prelude to a Kiss. Randolph made numerous screen and television appearances in secondary roles, among which he played Donna Pescow's father in-law on the television series Angie. In the 1970s he made three appearances as Cornelius "Junior" Harrison, father of Emily Hartley in The Bob Newhart Show. In 1974, he played an Air Force Colonel in the Columbo episode "Swan Song". In 1975, Randolph was cast as General Philip Blankenship in The New Original Wonder Woman pilot, he was replaced by Richard Eastham in the television series. He had an uncredited role in the 1976 film All The President's Men as the voice of Richard Nixon's Attorney General John Mitchell.

He played Judge J. Waites Waring in "With All Deliberate Speed", a 1976 episode of CBS's mini-series: The American Parade, dealing with events culminating in the 1954 Supreme Court decision barring racial segregation in US public schools. In 1979, he had a guest appearance with Ed Begley Jr. on M*A*S*H as an adjutant army general admiring the culinary prowess of a master chef errantly assigned as a foot soldier in a front unit. Randolph appeared in a made-for-TV movie entitled The Gathering, a Christmas-themed show along with Edward Asner and Maureen Stapleton; the movie was won the Emmy for Outstanding Special - Drama or Comedy. In 1982, he appeared in a first-season episode of Family Ties as Jake Keaton, Steven Keaton's father, he was the special guest star in the 1986 ABC made-for-TV movie The Right of the People, playing Police Chief Hollander in a town soon allowing all adults to carry handguns. In 1990, he co-starred in the NBC comedy Grand, he appeared in "The Handicap Spot", an early episode of the television sitcom Seinfeld as Frank Costanza, George Costanza's father.

He was replaced by Jerry Stiller. In 1995, the scenes in which Randolph appeared were re-shot with Stiller; the re-shot version is shown in syndication in the United States. The original version, with Randolph, can be seen outside the U. S. and on DVD, Hulu and Crackle. He appeared in a Season 2 episode of Matlock as the head of a crime family in "The Investigation", he costarred with Alec Guinness, Leo McKern, Jeanne Moreau and Lauren Bacall, in the BBC production of A Foreign Field as a World War II veteran returning to France to find the woman he fell in love with. He played Chief Sidney Green in Serpico, directed by Sidney Lumet, he played the father of Charlie Partana in Prizzi's Honor and Clark W. Griswold, Sr. in National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation. One of his last film roles was as Joe Fox's grandfather. In 1989 he appeared in an episode of Roseanne's dad. In 1991 he guested in an episode of Married... With Children entitled "Al Bundy, Shoe Dick". On February 24, 2004, Randolph died at age eighty-eight.

John Randolph at the Internet Broadway Database John Randolph on IMDb John Randolph at Find a Grave In Remembrance: John Randolph John Randolph papers, 1921-1998, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts John Randolph