Grand Flaneur was an outstanding Australian Thoroughbred racehorse and sire, who won nine successive races, including the AJC Derby, the Victoria Derby and the Melbourne Cup, before he retired undefeated. He had won races over distances ranging from five furlongs to three miles, he was close to the top of the list for a decade. He was bred by Edward K. Cox at his Fernhill Stud near New South Wales. Grand Flaneur was by the good racehorse and sire, his dam was the imported First Lady who traced directly to the noted mare, Banter. Won 1880 VRC Normanby Stakes 5 furlongs Won 1880 AJC Derby over 12 furlongs Won 1880 AJC Mares Produce Stakes 10 furlongs Won 1880 VRC Mares Produce Stakes 10 furlongs Won 1880 Melbourne Cup 16 furlongs Won 1880 VRC Victoria Derby 12 furlongs Won 1881 VRC Champion Stakes 24 furlongs Won 1881 VRC St Leger Stakes 14 furlongs Won 1881 VRC Town Plate 16 furlongs After an injury Grand Flaneur was retired to Andrew Town’s Hobartville Stud at Richmond, New South Wales. Grand Flaneur sired Bravo, in his first crop.
He was the leading Australian sire in 1894-95 and was standing at Long’s Chipping Norton Stud. Grand Flaneur sired 23 stakes winners for 45 stakes wins and more than ₤50,000, Hopscotch, Merman and Patron. Grand Flaneur died in 1900 at the Chipping Norton Stud, near Liverpool, New South Wales where he is buried. In 2007 Grand Flaneur was inducted into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame. List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses
Comic Court was a most versatile post-war Australian bred Thoroughbred racehorse who set race records at distances of 6 furlongs and 2 miles. He won the 1950 Melbourne Cup carrying 9 stone 5 pounds and set an Australasian record of 3 minutes 19½ seconds, he was bred by the Bowyer brothers at their Beau Neire Stud, South Australia. Comic Court was by Powerscourt, his dam, Witty Maid was by Anton King. Powerscourt and Witty Maid were both sold by Jim M. Cummings for total of £150 during World War II, when racing was cancelled in Adelaide. Witty Maid was a handy race-mare and was an outstanding broodmare that produced five siblings to Comic Court, her stakes-winners were: Comedy Prince. Comic Court had eight starts for five wins including the Adelaide RC Fulham Park Plate, PARC Sires’ Produce Stakes and VRC Ascot Vale Stakes plus three second places, his first start was in the Fulham Park Plate after which Comic Court was sold for 2,300 guineas to R. A. J. D. and A. J. Lee before winning four more starts as a 2yo.
Comic Court had 16 starts for 5 wins including the VRC Derby, Memsie Stakes, VRC St Leger Stakes plus 2 second places. Comic Court had 14 starts for 8 wins including the Memsie Stakes, VRC Craiglee Stakes, VRC Turnbull Stakes, LKS Mackinnon Stakes, VATC St George Stakes, VRC Ercildoune Stakes and MVRC Alister Clark Stakes, he ran second in the W. S. Cox Plate, William Reid Stakes and CF Orr Stakes as well as running third in the Caulfield Cup. Comic Court had 16 starts for 10 stakes wins including the VATC Caulfield Stakes, VATC Memsie Stakes, L. K. S Mackinnon Stakes, Melbourne Cup, VRC Turnbull Stakes, AJC Chipping Norton Stakes, MRC CF Orr Stakes, MVRC William Reid Stakes, VATC St George Stakes and VRC Ercildoune Stakes. Additionally he ran second in another three stakes races and was third twice including the Sydney Cup, he won the 1950 Melbourne Cup carrying 9 stone 5 pounds by three lengths, with the third placegetter a further length away and he set an Australasian record time of 3 minutes 19½ seconds.
Comic Court was retired to stud in 1951 at E. A. Underwood’s Warlaby Stud, his progeny included: Asian Court, won second in the 1962 Melbourne Cup. Droll Prince, won VRC Cantala Stakes and Williamstown Cup Gurney, won MRC International Stakes Harcourt, won Tatt's SA Tattersall's CupComic Court was inducted into the Australian Racing Hall of Fame in 2009. Comic Court's pedigree and partial racing stats
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a
Australian Racing Hall of Fame
The Australian Racing Hall of Fame is part of the Australian Racing Museum which documents and honours the horseracing legends of Australia. The museum opened in 1981 and created the Hall of Fame in 2000; the numbers in brackets after each name indicates the year of induction into the Hall of Fame. For the full list of and a biography for each of the inductees, see footnote Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame New Zealand Racing Hall of Fame United States' National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame Australian Racing Museum and Hall of Fame West Australian Racing Industry Hall Of Fame
Tommy J. Smith
Thomas John Smith known as Tommy Smith or T. J. Smith was a leading trainer of thoroughbred racehorses based in Sydney, Australia. Inducted into the Australian Racing Museum & Hall of Fame in 2001 and elevated to Legend status in 2012, Smith dominated Sydney racing for over three decades, winning the Sydney Trainers' Premiership every year between 1953 and 1985, his notable feats as a horse trainer included two Melbourne Cups, four Caulfield Cups, seven W. S. Cox Plates, six Golden Slippers and thirty five Australian derbies. Notable horses trained by Smith included Tulloch, Kingston Town and Red Anchor. Born in Jembaicumbene and raised at the small town of Goolgowi in the Riverina district of New South Wales, young Tommy worked with his father driving bullock teams and breaking in horses; when Tommy looked back on his life, he always recalled with regret his lack of formal education. Smith yearned to be a famous jockey and as a youth won many races for his father at the picnic races. Smith rode as a jockey until he was age 20, but he was never good.
When weight became a problem he took to hurdle racing, but a bad fall and broken hip ended his riding career. Smith became a trainer, acquiring his licence in 1941, his first success came in 1942 with Bragger a rogue horse he bought from Wagga property owner Mack Sawyer. He broke in the horse, named him using his own nickname. Smith registered racing silks of green and blue vertical stripes, which were to become famous in years as the colours of Tulloch Lodge horses, he rented horse boxes in housing Bragger in one box, while he lived in the other. According to Bill Whittaker, Smith won the nomination fee for Bragger by winning at two-up. Bragger won 13 races including the Tramway stakes at Group level, establishing Smith as a Sydney trainer and Smith won a significant amount of money backing Bragger to win races, but when Bragger went for a spell, Smith blew all of his winnings on flashy suits, hired cars and drinking. Broke, Smith was saved when Bragger returned from his spell and won. After this episode Smith never went broke again.
Bragger continued to win races until he was a ten-year-old, when he had to be destroyed after becoming caught in a float fire on his way home from a race meeting. Smith's reputation as an emerging trainer was further enhanced with the success of Playboy, which he owned, in the 1949 AJC Derby, giving Smith his first Group 1 winner and the first of 35 derby winners Smith trained in Australia. Playboy started at 100/1 and was backed by Smith earning the trainer a large sum of money. In December 1950 Smith was disqualified from training for five years for not taking sufficient precautions to prevent one of his two-year-olds from being drugged and giving false evidence at a subsequent hearing. Smith appealed the sentence and in January 1951 the Australian Jockey Club upheld the appeal and instead chose to issue a "severe reprimand". At the 1956 New Zealand National Sales Smith bought a Khorassan colt for 750 guineas, he had difficulty in placing the horse with an owner, but persuaded E. A. Haley to take him.
The horse was Tulloch, to become regarded as one of the three finest racehorses in Australian racing history. Smith won the first of 33 successive Sydney training premierships in 1953 and began to win races outside of Sydney. In 1955, he won Australia richest race, the Melbourne Cup, with Toparoa, defeating the champion Rising Fast. During the 1950s Smith trained a number of high class horses including Redcraze and the exceptional Tulloch whose feature race wins including the 1957 Caulfield Cup and 1960 W. S. Cox Plate. Smith went on to win a second Melbourne Cup with Just A Dash in 1981. Smith was known for keeping his horses fit using what was called the "bone and muscle" method. According to his longtime veterinarian Percy Sykes, Smith changed his training methods and kept his horses work consistent. Sykes claims Smith was a leader in equine nutritional development, in particular the use of protein in feed. Smith employed many long-term staff, including his brother and Sykes. Bob Thomsen, who had his own successful training career, was stable foreman at Tulloch Lodge for nine years.
In 1952-1953, Smith won the Sydney Trainers Premiership for the first time, beating rival trainer Maurice McCarten. Smith went on to win the Sydney Trainers Premiership for thirty-three consecutive years before coming second to Brian Mayfield-Smith in the 1985-86 racing season. Smith won the training premiership again in 1987-88. Smith won many feature races during his career including the Chelmsford Stakes on sixteen occasions, he trained winners in many of Australia's richest races including two Melbourne Cups, four Caulfield Cups, seven W. S. Cox Plates, six Golden Slippers, thirty-five derby winners across Australia. In all Smith trained 279 Group One winners. During his long career Tommy trained many champions, such as Redcraze, Kingston Town and Tulloch. Following a brilliant season as a three-year-old, Tulloch contracted a virus which kept him from the racecourse for two years. Through Smith's care and perseverance and the work of his vet, they brought Tulloch back from near death. Tulloch went on to win 36 of his 53 race starts and set race records for the W. S. Cox Plate and Caulfield Cup.
In winning the 1957 AJC Derby he took two seconds off the race record set by Phar Lap. In honour of his champion, Smith named his main stables Tulloch Lodge. In the late 1970s and early
Sailor's Guide was an outstanding Thoroughbred racehorse, conceived in England and foaled in Australia. He is notable in that he won races in the United States, a number of principal Australian races, was a high stakes earner, he was a brown stallion, foaled in 1952 and was sired by the good racehorse Lighthouse II. His dam was the imported mare Jehane by Legend of France. Jehane was the dam of several other winners including Far Away Places who won the SAJC Adelaide Cup. Many of Sailor's Guide’s wins were by margins of a neck or less and in the Sydney Cup his winning margin was a half head. In the Pentathlon Stakes Sailor's Guide showed his class by defeating the New Zealand horse, Rising Fast and another NZ horse in Redcraze in the C B Fisher Plate. During the spring Sailor's Guide again won the Craiglee Stakes, was third in the Caulfield Cup and won the LKS MacKinnon Stakes, he won many other major races in Australia in the late 1950s, including the VRC Queen Elizabeth Stakes and the VRC Derby. and was one of the highest stake winners of the period.
He won the Sky Classic Stakes in Toronto, Canada. He ended up winning more than £100,000, with Tulloch and the Standardbred harness horse Caduceus as the only horses bred in Australia or New Zealand to have achieved this distinction at that time. Tulloch was his main rival, they defeated each other on a number of occasions; the most important race he won was the 1958 Washington, D. C. International, a major horse race in the United States, it drew the best horses from North America and Europe. In winning the race, Sailor's Guide defeated the top performer Ballymoss who had a Timeform rating of 136. Soon after, Ballymoss won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and was voted as 1958 European Horse of the Year. Sailor's Guide was a poor foal-getter, he did have eight of his progeny race without any great success
Phar Lap was a champion Thoroughbred racehorse whose achievements captured the Australian public's imagination during the early years of the Great Depression. Foaled in New Zealand, he raced in Australia by Harry Telford. Phar Lap dominated Australian racing during a distinguished career, winning a Melbourne Cup, two Cox Plates, an AJC Derby, 19 other weight for age races, he won the Agua Caliente Handicap in Tijuana, Mexico, in track-record time in his final race. After a sudden and mysterious illness, Phar Lap died in 1932 in California. At the time, he was the third highest stakes-winner in the world, his mounted hide is displayed at the Melbourne Museum, his skeleton at Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and his heart is on display at the National Museum of Australia, Canberra. The name Phar Lap derives from the common Zhuang and Thai word for lightning: ฟ้าแลบ, literally'sky flash'. Phar Lap was called the "Wonder Horse", "Red Terror", "Bobby" and "Big Red", he was sometimes referred to as "Australia's wonder horse".
According to the Museum of Victoria, Aubrey Ping, a medical student at the University of Sydney, suggested "farlap" as the horse's name. Ping knew the word from a Zhuang-speaking Chinese immigrant. Telford liked the name, but changed the F to PH to create a seven letter word, split in two in keeping with the dominant naming pattern of Melbourne Cup winners. A chestnut gelding, Phar Lap was foaled on 4 October 1926 in Seadown near Timaru in the South Island of New Zealand, he was sired by Night Raid from Entreaty by Winkie. He was by the same sire as the Melbourne Cup winner Nightmarch. Phar Lap was a brother to seven other horses, Fortune's Wheel, Nea Lap, All Clear, Friday Night, Te Uira and Raphis, none of which won a principal race, he was a half-brother to another four horses. Sydney trainer Harry Telford persuaded American businessman David J. Davis to buy the colt at auction, based on his pedigree. Telford's brother Hugh, who lived in New Zealand, was asked to bid up to 190 guineas at the 1928 Trentham Yearling Sales.
When the horse was obtained for a mere 160 guineas, he thought it was a great bargain until the colt arrived in Australia. The horse was gangly, his face was covered with warts, he had an awkward gait. Davis was furious when he saw the colt as well, refused to pay to train the horse. Telford had not been successful as a trainer, Davis was one of his few remaining owners. To placate Davis, he agreed to train the horse for nothing, in exchange for a two-thirds share of any winnings. Telford leased the horse for three years and was sold joint ownership by Davis. Although standing a winning racehorse at stud could be quite lucrative, Telford gelded Phar Lap anyway, hoping the colt would concentrate on racing. Phar Lap did not place in his next three races, he won his first race on 27 April 1929, the Maiden Juvenile Handicap at Rosehill, ridden by Jack Baker of Armidale, a 17-year-old apprentice. He didn't race for several months but was entered in a series of races, in which he moved up in class. Phar Lap took second in the Chelmsford Stakes at Randwick on 14 September 1929 and the racing community started treating him with respect.
He won the Rosehill Guineas by three lengths on 21 September ridden by James L. Munro; as his achievements grew, there were some. Criminals tried to shoot Phar Lap on the morning of Saturday 1 November 1930 after he had finished track work, they missed, that day he won the Melbourne Stakes, three days the Melbourne Cup as odds-on favourite at 8 to 11. In the four years of his racing career, Phar Lap won 37 of 51 races he entered, including the Melbourne Cup, being ridden by Jim Pike, in 1930 with 9 st 12 lb. In that year and 1931, he won 14 races in a row. From his win as a three-year-old in the VRC St. Leger Stakes until his final race in Mexico, Phar Lap won 32 of 35 races. In the three races that he did not win, he ran second on two occasions, beaten by a short head and a neck, in the 1931 Melbourne Cup he finished eighth when carrying 10 st 10 lb. Phar Lap at the time was owned by American businessman David J. Davis and leased to Telford. After their three-year lease agreement ended, Telford had enough money to become joint owner of the horse.
Davis had Phar Lap shipped to North America to race. Telford did not agree with this decision and refused to go, so Davis, who along with his wife traveled to Mexico with him, brought Phar Lap's strapper Tommy Woodcock as his new trainer. Phar Lap was shipped by boat to Agua Caliente Racetrack near Tijuana, Mexico, to compete in the Agua Caliente Handicap, offering the largest prize money offered in North America racing. Phar Lap won in track-record time; the horse was ridden by Australian jockey Billy Elliot for his seventh win from seven rides. From there, the horse was sent to a private ranch near Menlo Park, while his owner negotiated with racetrack officials for special race appearances. Early on 5 April 1932, the horse's strapper for the North American visit, Tommy Woodcock, found him in severe pain and with a high temperature. Within a few hours, Phar Lap haemorrhaged to death. An autopsy revealed that the horse's stomach and intestines were inflamed, leading many to believe the horse had been deliberately poisoned.
There have been alternative theories, including accidental poisoning from lead insecticide and a stomach condi