Steven Terner Mnuchin is an American investment banker, serving as the 77th United States Secretary of the Treasury as part of the Cabinet of Donald Trump. Mnuchin had been a hedge fund manager. After he graduated from Yale University in 1985, Mnuchin worked for investment bank Goldman Sachs for 17 years becoming its Chief Information Officer. After he left Goldman Sachs in 2002, he founded several hedge funds. Mnuchin was a member of Sears Holdings’s board of directors from 2005 until December 2016, before, on Kmart's board of directors. During the financial crisis of 2007–2008, Mnuchin bought failed residential lender IndyMac, he changed the name to OneWest Bank and rebuilt the bank sold it to CIT Group in 2015. Mnuchin joined Trump's presidential campaign in 2016, was named national finance chairman for the campaign. On February 13, 2017, Mnuchin was confirmed to be President Donald Trump's Secretary of the Treasury by a 53–47 vote in the U. S. Senate; as Secretary of the Treasury, Mnuchin has been a vocal supporter of proposed tax reform, is an advocate for reducing corporate tax rates.
In regards to regulatory policy, Mnuchin supports a partial repeal of Dodd-Frank, citing the complexity of the legislation. Mnuchin's use of government aircraft for personal usage has come under scrutiny from watchdog groups. Steven Mnuchin was born on December 21, 1962, in New York City, the second-youngest son in his family. Mnuchin's family is Jewish, he is the son of Robert E. Mnuchin of Washington and Elaine Terner Cooper of New York. Robert Mnuchin was a partner at Goldman Sachs in charge of equity trading and a member of the management committee, he is the founder of an art gallery in New York City, the Mnuchin Gallery. Mnuchin's great-grandfather, Aaron Mnuchin, a Russian-born diamond dealer who resided in Belgium, emigrated to the U. S. in 1916. Mnuchin attended Riverdale Country School in New York City, he graduated from Yale University in 1985 with a bachelor's degree. At Yale, Mnuchin was publisher of the Yale Daily News, was initiated into Skull and Bones in 1985. Mnuchin's first job was as a trainee at investment bank Salomon Brothers in the early 1980s, while still studying at Yale.
When Mnuchin studied at Yale University, he lived in the former Taft Hotel in New Haven, Connecticut together with businessman Edward Lampert and lawyer Salem Chalabi as roommates. After Mnuchin graduated from Yale in 1985, he started working for Goldman Sachs, where his father was still working, since 1957. Mnuchin started in the mortgage department, became a partner at Goldman in 1994; until he left the company in 2002, Mnuchin held the following positions as a partner: November 1994 – December 1998: Head of the Mortgage Securities Department December 1998 – November 1999: Overseeing mortgages, U. S. governments, money markets, municipals at Fixed Income and Commodities Division December 1999 – February 2001: Member of the Executive Committee and co-head of the Technology Operating Committee February 2001 – December 2001: Executive Vice President and co-Chief Information Officer December 2001 – 2002: Executive Vice President, member of the Management Committee, Chief Information OfficerMnuchin left Goldman Sachs in 2002 after 17 years of employment, with an estimated $46 million of company stock and $12.6 million in compensation that he received in the months prior to his departure.
After he left Goldman Sachs in 2002, Mnuchin worked as vice-chairman of hedge fund ESL Investments, owned by his Yale roommate Edward Lampert. The following year, he established the company SFM Capital Management together with financier George Soros. Mnuchin founded a hedge fund called Dune Capital Management, named for a spot near his house in The Hamptons, in 2004 with two former Goldman partners. After its founding, Mnuchin served as the CEO of the company; the firm invested in at least two Donald Trump projects, the Trump International Hotel and Tower in Honolulu and its namesake in Chicago. Dune Capital Management and other lenders to the skyscraper in Chicago were sued by Trump before a settlement was reached. Mnuchin was outbid by Lone Star Funds on a portfolio of residential mortgage-backed collateralized debt obligations being sold by Merrill Lynch during the financial crisis, which sold for $6.7 billion. Mnuchin has been criticized for his use of offshore entities for investment purposes as a hedge-fund manager, a common practice in the industry.
Mnuchin has stated: "In no way did I use to avoid U. S. taxes." In 2009, a group led by Mnuchin bought California-based residential lender IndyMac, in receivership by the FDIC and owned $23.5 billion in commercial loans and mortgage-backed securities. The purchase price was a $4.7 billion discount to its book value. Mnuchin's investment group included George Soros, hedge-fund manager John Paulson, former Goldman Sachs executive J. Christopher Flowers, Dell Computer founder Michael Dell; the FDIC agreed to retain some of the more problematic assets of the bank, signed a loss-sharing agreement. The FDIC was estimated to be required to pay $2.4 billion to IndyMac under the shared loss agreement. After purchasing IndyMac, renamed OneWest Bank, Mnuchin served as chairman. OneWest bought several other failed banks including First Federal Bank of California in 2009 and La Jolla Bank in 2010. Furthermore, OneWest bought a portfolio belonging to Citi Holdings for $1.4 billion. OneWest was profitable one year after Mnuchin had bought it, it became the largest bank of Southern California, with assets worth $27 billion.
In 2015, Mnuchin sold OneWest to CIT Group for $3.4 billion. After the acquisition by CIT, Mnuchin remained at OneWest
In serial fiction, a reboot is a new start to an established fictional universe, work, or series that discards all continuity to re-create its characters and backstory from the beginning. It has been described as a way to "rebrand" or "restart an entertainment universe, established". Another definition of a reboot is a remake, part of an established film series or other media franchise; the term has been criticised for being a vague and "confusing" "buzzword", a neologism for remake, a concept, losing popularity in the 2010s. The term is thought to originate from the computing term reboot, meaning to restart a computer system. Reboots cut out non-essential elements associated with a pre-established franchise and start it anew, distilling it down to the core elements that made the source material popular. For audiences, reboots allow easier entry for newcomers unfamiliar with earlier titles in a series. In comic books, a long-running title may have its continuity erased to start over from the beginning, enabling writers to redefine characters and open up new story opportunities, allowing the title to bring in new readers.
Comic books sometimes use an in-universe explanation for a reboot, such as merging parallel worlds and timelines together, or destroying a fictional universe and recreating it from the beginning. With reboots, filmmakers revamp and reinvigorate a film series to attract new fans and stimulate revenue. A reboot can renew interest in a series. Reboots act as a safe project for a studio, since a reboot with an established fanbase is less risky than an original work, while at the same time allowing the studio to explore new demographics. Reboots allow directors and producers to cast a new set of younger actors for the familiar roles of a film series to attract a younger audience. Unlike a remake, however, a reboot presupposes a working familiarity on the part of the audience with the original work. In television, a reboot of a TV show can be a return to production after cancellation or a long hiatus, but is understood to mean a remake of an older series. Reboots are common in the video game industry with franchises that have multiple entries in the series.
Reboots in video games are used to refresh the storyline and elements of the game. Artistic license Canon List of modernized adaptations of old works Prequel Reset button technique
Leslie Mann is an American actress and comedian. She is known for her roles in such films as The Cable Guy, George of the Jungle, Big Daddy, Perfume, Stealing Harvard, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, Knocked Up, 17 Again, Funny People, I Love You Phillip Morris, The Change-Up, This Is 40, The Bling Ring, The Other Woman, How to Be Single, Blockers. Mann was born in San Francisco and grew up in Newport Beach, she was raised "WASPy" by a real estate agent who had married three times. Mann has stated of her father, "My dad is... I don't have one. I mean, he does exist, but I have zero relationship with him." She has three older step-brothers. Her maternal grandmother, Sadie Viola Heljä Räsänen, was the daughter of Finnish immigrants. Mann has said, she graduated from Corona del Mar High School, studied acting at the Joanne Baron / D. W. Brown Acting Studio and alongside comedy improv troupe The Groundlings, she dropped out before graduating. Mann began her career at 18 appearing in a number of television commercials.
In 1995, Mann appeared in The Cable Guy, followed with performances in Freaks & Geeks, Sam Weisman's George of The Jungle alongside Brendan Fraser, Big Daddy with Adam Sandler, Orange County opposite Jack Black, The 40-Year-Old Virgin with Steve Carell. In 2007, Mann starred alongside Seth Rogen and Paul Rudd in Judd Apatow's comedy Knocked Up, which grossed more than $218 million worldwide. Mann's performance in the film garnered her rave reviews as well as a "Best Supporting Actress" nomination from the Chicago Film Critics Association; the film won the People's Choice Award for "Favorite Movie Comedy", was named one of AFI's "Top Ten Films of the Year", received a nomination from the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for "Best Comedy". In 2009, Mann reunited with her Big Daddy co-star Adam Sandler and Knocked Up co-star Seth Rogen for Apatow's Funny People; this film was named to many of the year's top ten lists including The New Yorker and The New York Times. Elle writer Mickey Rapkin said that " owns the second half of 2009's Funny People, where her character does the most unlikely thing a woman can do in a major studio picture: has an affair with an ex-boyfriend on a whim."
That same year, Mann starred in Burr Steers' successful comedy 17 Again opposite Zac Efron and Matthew Perry, which grossed over $125 million worldwide. She was seen in the indie hit I Love You Phillip Morris alongside Jim Carrey and Ewan McGregor; the film premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival and upon release was met with critical acclaim including a nomination for a 2011 Broadcast Film Critics Association Award in the category of "Best Comedy". Mann starred alongside Elizabeth Banks in the film What Was I Thinking? based upon the book by Barbara Davilman and Liz Dubelman, filmed in 2009 but never released. In 2011, Mann starred opposite Ryan Reynolds and Jason Bateman in David Dobkin's comedy The Change-Up. In addition, she lent her voice to "Linda", the main human character in Carlos Saldanha's animated film Rio, which garnered over $484 million worldwide and featured vocal performances by Jamie Foxx and Anne Hathaway, as well as to Jonah Hill's animated FOX television series Allen Gregory, as the title character's second-grade teacher.
Mann continued her voice performance work in 2012 with her role in ParaNorman, an animated 3D, stop-motion film from Chris Butler and Sam Fell. In December 2012, Mann appeared opposite Paul Rudd in Judd Apatow's This Is 40, the sequel to Knocked Up; the movie reunited the trio with Mann and Rudd reprising their characters. The film was written and directed by Judd Apatow, included their two daughters in the cast. In contrast to Knocked Up, This Is 40 centered squarely on her family. An early response on Mann's performance from Elle Magazine states that " doesn't just walk off with scenes—she steals the show". Mann was nominated for Best Actress in a Comedy by the Broadcast Film Critics Association for This Is 40. In 2013, Mann appeared with Emma Watson. Inspired by actual events, the film follows a group of fame-obsessed L. A. teenagers. In 2014, Mann narrated "Women in Comedy", an episode of season 2 of Makers: Women. On June 9, 1997, Mann married director and producer Judd Apatow, whom she met while auditioning for The Cable Guy.
Mann and Apatow have two daughters and Maude, who both appeared in the films Knocked Up, Funny People, This Is 40 as the children of Mann's characters. In 2017, Mann and elder daughter Maude appeared together in commercials for Jergens Skin Care products. Mann and Apatow are both longtime supporters of the non-profit organization 826LA, which focuses on encouraging and developing the writing skills of disadvantaged youth, they are involved with the UCLA Rape Treatment Center's Stuart House, which serves the needs of sexually abused children and their families. Mann and Apatow's philanthropic contributions were honored in 2012 by the Bogart Pediatric Cancer Research Program which awarded the couple the 2012 "Children's Choice Award" for their work with children and families, who are dealing with pediatric cancer. In 2009, the couple was recognized by The Fulfillment Fund who honored them at their annual benefit gala. Leslie Mann on IMDb Interview with Bac
Elizabeth Egan Gillies is an American actress and singer. Her first television appearance was in The Black Donnellys. From 2010 to 2013, she played Jade West in the Nickelodeon series Victorious, she had Drugs & Rock & Roll. Since 2017, Gillies has starred as Fallon Carrington in The CW's series Dynasty, a reboot of the 1980s series of the same name. Gillies made her Broadway debut at age 15 in the musical 13, she has appeared in feature films, including the horror film Animal and the comedy film Vacation. Gillies was born in New Jersey, she has one younger brother, born 1996. Gillies has an Italian grandmother and great-grandmother. Gillies' acting career began at age 12, she began appearing in commercials for companies such as Virgin Mobile. Her first television role was as a recurring character in The Black Donnellys, she has stated that she was not allowed to watch the finished show in its entirety because her parents felt it was not appropriate for her at the time. She appeared in three episodes.
In 2008, she played small roles in The Clique and Locker 514. That year she was cast as Lucy in a Goodspeed production of Jason Robert Brown's new musical 13, alongside her future Victorious co-star, Ariana Grande; that year, 13 moved to Broadway, which made it the first Broadway production to have a cast and band made up of teenagers. Gillies remained with the production until its closure on January 4, 2009. In 2010, Gillies was cast as bad girl and occasional antagonist Jade West in the Nickelodeon television show Victorious, a sitcom revolving around teenagers at a performing arts high school in Hollywood; this marked her second time working alongside 13 co-star Ariana Grande. Regarding her Victorious character, Gillies said "It's wonderful. I love playing Jade. I always say she's not so much the ` bad' girl in so many ways, she has a lot of human qualities to her – she's not just sociopathic. She's sweet with her boyfriend. It's nice to play a character with some depth." The show premiered on March 27, 2010.
During her time on Victorious, Gillies was featured in several songs on the soundtracks Victorious and Victorious 2.0, including "Give It Up", "Take a Hint". She wrote and recorded the song "You Don't Know Me" for an episode of Victorious, it was featured in Victorious 3.0. She lent her talents to other Nickelodeon shows, voicing the character of Daphne on the animated series Winx Club and recording Winx Club's official song, "We Are Believix." She appeared in an episode of Big Time Rush and as a contestant on BrainSurge and Figure It Out. Beginning in 2012, Gillies began playing small guest roles outside Nickelodeon. Notable appearances include The Exes. In July 2012, it was reported. Victorious ended on February 2013, after four seasons. Following the cancellation of the series, Gillies took some time off from acting. In 2013, she was cast as Courtney in the musical adaptation of Jawbreaker and participated in a reading of the show in Manhattan; the musical did not end up being taken to Broadway.
On December 10, 2013, Gillies recorded a duet with Ariana Grande called "Santa Baby" for Grande's Christmas EP Christmas Kisses. In 2014, Gillies appeared in the horror film Animal as Mandy and the Lifetime movie Killing Daddy, playing Callie Ross. Animal was filmed in the summer of 2013 in Manchester and was produced by Drew Barrymore; the film features Gillies' former Winx Club co-star Keke Palmer and was released on iTunes June 17, 2014. In 2015, Gillies was cast as Heather in the remake of Vacation; the film received a wide release on July 29, 2015. She was cast in the comedy series Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll as Gigi, an aspiring singer and daughter of a former rock star named Johnny Rock; the show premiered July 16, 2015 to mixed reviews, but Gillies' performance as Gigi was well received. The show ran for two seasons, with the second-season finale airing on September 1, 2016. On September 9, 2016, FX declined to renew the show for a third season canceling the series. In 2017, Gillies was cast as Fallon Carrington in The CW television series Dynasty, a reboot of the 1980s series of the same name.
Elizabeth Gillies on Facebook Elizabeth Gillies on YouTube Elizabeth Gillies on IMDb Elizabeth Gillies at the Internet Broadway Database
Christina Applegate is an American actress and dancer. As an adolescent actress, she started playing the role of Kelly Bundy on the Fox sitcom Married... with Children. In her adult years, Applegate established a film and television career, winning an Emmy Award and earning Tony and Golden Globe nominations. Applegate has had major roles in several films, including Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead, The Big Hit, The Sweetest Thing, Grand Theft Parsons, Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy and its sequel Anchorman 2: The Legend Continues, Hall Pass and Bad Moms, she has starred in the 2005 Broadway revival of the musical Sweet Charity. Applegate has played the lead role in the television sitcoms Jesse, Samantha Who? and Up All Night. Applegate was born in California, her father, Robert William "Bob" Applegate, was a record producer and record company executive, her mother, Nancy Lee Priddy, is a singer and actress. Her parents were separated shortly after her birth, she has two half-siblings from her father's second marriage.
After her parents' divorce, her mother had a relationship with musician Stephen Stills. After her television debut with her mother in the soap opera Days of Our Lives and a commercial for Playtex baby bottles at 3 and 5 months Applegate made her film debut in the 1979 film Jaws of Satan at the age of 7, followed by 1981's Beatlemania, she debuted in a television movie as young Grace Kelly in the biopic Grace Kelly and appeared in her first TV series in Showtime's political comedy Washingtoon, in which she played a congressman's daughter. She was seen as a guest in the shows Father Murphy, Charles in Charge, Silver Spoons. In 1986 Applegate won the role of Robin Kennedy, a policeman's daughter, in the police drama series Heart of the City. Meanwhile, she was seen guest-starring in several other television series such as All is Forgiven, Still the Beaver, Amazing Stories, the Family Ties episode "Band on the Run" as Kitten. In 1987 Applegate played the role of the ditzy, sexually promiscuous daughter, Kelly Bundy, on the Fox Network's first sitcom, Married... with Children.
She portrayed her character for 11 years. While working on the series, Applegate was seen in Dance Till Dawn and in Streets, in which a teenage drug addict is stalked by a psychotic police officer. Applegate guest-starred in 21 Jump Street and Top of the Heap, hosted Saturday Night Live and MADtv; the character of Sue Ellen Crandell in the black comedy feature Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead was Applegate's first starring role in a mainstream film, playing a rebellious teenager, forced to take care of siblings after their summer babysitter dies. Applegate followed with roles in films such as Vibrations, Across the Moon, Wild Bill, Tim Burton's Mars Attacks!, Gregg Araki's Nowhere. After the sitcom Married... with Children was canceled in May 1997, Applegate starred as Claudine Van Doozen in the independent feature Claudine's Return, was cast in the action-comedy The Big Hit, played the fiancée of a mob boss in the Mafia satire Jane Austen's Mafia. Applegate was one of the founding members of The Pussycat Dolls, which debuted at Johnny Depp's Viper Room on the Sunset Strip in 1995.
Applegate emceed for the group when they moved to The Roxy in 2002. In 1996 Applegate auditioned for the role of Rose in James Cameron's blockbuster hit fim Titanic, but lost to Kate Winslet. In 1998 Applegate was given the title role in the NBC sitcom Jesse; the series debuted in 1998, received rave reviews, brought Applegate a People's Choice Award for Favorite Female Performer in a New TV series and the TV Guide Award for Star of a New Series, as well as a nomination at the Golden Globe Awards for Lead Actress in a Comedy. Though the series gained critical praise, it was canceled in 2000; the new millennium had Applegate playing the dual role of a 12th-century noblewoman, Princess Rosalind, her 21st-century descendant, Julia Malfete, in the time-travel comedy Just Visiting. She was Princess Kate in the movie Prince Charming. After playing Cameron Diaz's level-headed best friend, Courtney Rockcliffe, in The Sweetest Thing, Applegate continued to play roles in such films as Heroes, the romantic airplane comedy View from the Top, as well as in the true-crime film Wonderland, based on the Wonderland murders, the Gram Parsons biopic Grand Theft Parsons.
In 2004 Applegate starred alongside Ben Affleck in the holiday comedy Surviving Christmas, alongside Matt Dillon in Employee of the Month. Behind the screen, she was the executive producer of Miserable. Applegate guest-starred on two episodes of Friends, in the ninth and tenth seasons, titled "The One with Rachel's Other Sister" and "The One Where Rachel's Sister Babysits" as Amy Green, Rachel Green's sister, she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series her performance in "The One with Rachel's Other Sister." On the silver screen, she portrayed TV anchorwoman Veronica Corningstone in the 2004 films Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy and the bonus film Wake Up, Ron Burgundy: The Lost Movie. In addition to her screen work, Applegate has performed on stage in such productions as The Axeman's Jazz, Nobody Leaves Empty Handed, The Runthrough
Vegas Vacation is a 1997 American comedy film directed by Stephen Kessler. It is the fourth installment in National Lampoon’s Vacation film series, was written by Elisa Bell, based on a story by Bell and Bob Ducsay; the film stars Chevy Chase, Beverly D'Angelo and Randy Quaid, with Ethan Embry and Marisol Nichols as Griswold children Rusty and Audrey. The film grossed over $36.4 million domestically. Vegas Vacation became the first theatrical Vacation film not to carry the National Lampoon label or a screenwriting credit from John Hughes. Clark Griswold has invented a long-life food preservative, he announces to his family. Part of the reason for the trip is for Ellen to renew their wedding vows. Excitement wanes, when Clark says they are headed to Las Vegas, his wife and teenage daughter, have their doubts, as Las Vegas is not known for its family-friendly atmosphere, while teenage son Rusty appears to be more enthusiastic. Upon arriving in Vegas, the family embarks upon a series of misadventures.
The Griswolds attend a Siegfried & Roy show, they visit Cousin Eddie, the husband of Ellen's cousin Catherine. Eddie and his family now live in the desert just north of Las Vegas, on what used to be a hydrogen-bomb test site. While on a group tour of the Hoover Dam led by guide Arty, Clark leaves the group after accidentally creating a leak in the dam's inside walkways, is forced to climb the scaffolding to the top of the dam to get out, because his cries for help cannot be heard over the roaring water; the next night, they are surprised to find tickets to a Wayne Newton concert, a dress for Ellen has been delivered to their hotel room. They go to the concert. While singing, he brings Ellen up on stage to sing with him, visits at their table; the next day, the family are left to their own devices. Clark goes to a casino and becomes addicted to gambling losing to a snide blackjack dealer named Marty, who enjoys Clark's humiliation. Rusty gets a fake ID from a Frank Sinatra look-alike and becomes a winning high roller, taking on the pseudonym Nick Pappagiorgio.
Audrey starts hanging out with Eddie's free-spirited and gorgeous exotic dancer daughter Vicki and her friends. And Ellen begins spending time with Wayne Newton. Clark gambles away the family's $22,600 bank account, leading a furious Ellen and the kids to desert him. Rusty goes off gambling for cars, wins four, while Audrey goes to a strip club with Vicki and gets a job as a go-go dancer. Eddie — who has money buried in his front yard — tries to come to Clark's rescue in return for everything the Griswolds have done for him and his family over the years. Clark and Eddie go to a local casino to get their money back, but Clark ends up gambling away Eddie's money too, causing him to reevaluate his behavior. Clark realizes he no longer cares about getting his money back, but needs to get his family back. Clark gathers up his family from around Vegas and they gamble their last two dollars on a game of keno, they sit next to an elderly man who compliments Clark on his family, hints that he has been lonely all of his life.
Out of sympathy, Clark tells the man to consider himself part of the Griswold family for the night. The man accepts Clark's offer, both parties begin the game. At first, the Griswolds are optimistic, but as they realize they have lost the game, they sit together in silence; the man next to them ecstatically declares that he has won the game. In his burst of joy, he begins to slip in and out of consciousness while Ellen sends Rusty for help, he awakens one last time and whispers a message to Clark, before dropping his winning ticket and lapsing one final time. Clark, tells Ellen that the man said "take the ticket." When the casino security guards and paramedics arrive, they declare the man dead. They tell the Griswolds; as Mr. Ellis is carried away, a janitor approaches with a carpet cleaner, heading straight for the winning ticket on the floor. Though it appears Clark is going to allow it to be lost, at the last second, he slides the ticket out of the carpet cleaner's path. With their newfound winnings and Ellen renew their wedding vows.
Afterwards, Clark gives Eddie $5,000 to repay his kindness. They all drive home in the four cars Rusty won on the slot machines: a red Dodge Viper, a maroon Ford Mustang, a black Hummer H1, a white Ford Aspire. Filming was scheduled to begin in Las Vegas in April 1996. Filming was scheduled to begin on May 29, 1996. Most of the filming was expected to be done in southern Nevada, while 10 days of work was planned for studios in southern California. Filming in Las Vegas was expected to last two and a half months. Filming at Hoover Dam was underway in June 1996. One scene involved Chase's stunt double, John Robothan, swinging from a rope and slamming into the face of the dam. Film crews did several takes of the scene, which involved Robothan being attached to a series of ropes and bolts 637 feet above the dam's power plant; that month, filming took place at Las Vegas' Chapel of the Bells, where the film's producer Jerry Weintraub and his wife Jane Morgan were married in the mid-1960s. Extensive footage was shot at The Mirage resort.
Chase filmed scenes involving the show's tigers in July 1996. Filming took place on soundstages at the Las Vegas Video Sound Film Production Center. Scenes were shot at Casa de Shenandoah, the
Sport utility vehicle
Sport-utility, SUV or sport-ute is an automotive classification a kind of station wagon / estate car with off-road vehicle features like raised ground clearance and ruggedness, available four-wheel drive. Many SUVs are built on a light-truck chassis but operated as a family vehicle, though designed to be used on rougher surfaces, most used on city streets or highways. In recent years, in some countries the term SUV has replaced terms like "Jeep" or "Land-Rover" in the popular lexicon as a generic description for light 4WD vehicles. Many SUVs have an upright built body and tall interior packaging, a high seating position and center of gravity, available all-wheel drive for off-road capability; some SUVs include the towing capacity of a pickup truck and the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or large sedan. The traditional truck-based SUV is more and more being supplanted by unitary body SUVs and crossovers based on regular automobile platforms for lighter weight and better fuel efficiency.
In some countries, notably the United States, SUVs are not classified as cars, but as light trucks. SUVs overtook lower medium segment cars to become the world's largest automotive segment in 2015, accounting for 22.9 percent of global light vehicle sales, or 36.8% of the world's passenger car market. Worldwide sales of SUVs grew from 5 million units in 2000 to 20 million in 2015 and are forecast to hit 42 million units by 2031. Becoming popular in the 1990s and early 2000s, SUVs combined with other light trucks, like pickups and minivans, supplanted many conventional large passenger cars and station wagons, changed the composition of America's vehicle fleet. SUV sales temporarily declined due to high oil prices and a declining economy, but by 2010, SUV sales around the world were growing again, in spite of gasoline prices; the market has overwhelmingly come to prefer 4/5-door models in favor of popular 2-door off-roaders. There is no universally accepted definition of the sport utility vehicle.
Dictionaries, automotive experts, journalists use varying wordings and defining characteristics, in addition to which there are regional variations of the use by both the media and the general public. The auto industry has not settled on one definition of the SUV either; the actual term "Sport Utility Vehicle" did not come into wide popular usage until the late 1980s — prior to such vehicles were marketed during their era as 4-wheel drives, station wagons, or other monikers. The American Merriam-Webster online dictionary offers three different definitions; the general definition of a "sport-utility vehicle", found under "SUV" reads: "a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis", it is defined in the definition of sport-utility vehicle for students as: "an automobile similar to a station wagon but built on a light truck frame". However, the Merriam-Webster definition "for English Language Learners" reads: "a large vehicle, designed to be used on rough surfaces but, used on city roads or highways".
The Webster's New World Dictionary defines sport utility vehicle as "a passenger vehicle similar to a station wagon but with the chassis of a small truck and four-wheel drive". In recent years, the term SUV has come to replace the use of "jeep" as a generic trademark and description of these type of vehicles, a name that originated during World War II as slang for the light general purpose military truck. A Hemmings article defines the sport utility vehicle as bridging the gap between cars and trucks, "combining car-like appointments and wagon practicality with steadfast off-road capability". S. it only applies to the newer street oriented one, whereas "Jeep", "Land Rover" or 4x4 are used for the off-roader oriented ones. The German automaker BMW utilizes the term SAV to denote "Sport Activity Vehicles." Not all SUVs have four-wheel drive capabilities, not all four-wheel-drive passenger vehicles are SUVs. Although some SUVs have off-road capabilities, they play only a secondary role, SUVs do not have the ability to switch among two-wheel and four-wheel-drive high gearing and four-wheel-drive low gearing.
While automakers tout an SUV's off-road prowess with advertising and naming, the daily use of SUVs is on paved roads. In British English the terms "four-by-four" or "off-road vehicle" are preferred, for example the Chambers Dictionary has no entry for sport utility vehicle; the Collins English online dictionary defines sport utility vehicle as a "powerful vehicle with four-wheel drive that can be driven over rough ground" or "a high-powered car with four-wheel drive designed for off-road use", but the citations quoted by Collins are few. Other alternative terms are "four-wheel drive", or using the brand name to describe the vehicle. In the United States, many government regulations have categories for "off-highway vehicles" which are loosely defined and result in SUVs being classified as light trucks. For example, Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations included "permit greater cargo-carrying capacity than passenger carrying volume" in the definition for trucks, resulting in SUVs being classified as light trucks.
This classification as trucks allowed SUVs to be regulated