Black Ink Crew
Black Ink Crew is an American reality television series that airs on VH1 and debuted on January 7, 2013. It chronicles the daily operations and staff drama at an African American-owned and operated tattoo shop in Harlem, New York; the spinoff Black Ink Crew: Chicago premiered October 26, 2015. On August 20, 2018, the series was renewed for a seventh season, which premiered on September 19, 2018. Note: David "Ceaser" Emanuel – Owner of Black Ink, Dutchess's ex-fiancée, Persuasian's mistress and new boyfriend and Crystal Marie's best friend. JaKeita "Sky" Days — Former manager of Black Ink Atlanta, Ceaser's best friend whom he calls his sister, Teddy's ex-fiancé, she owns a clothing boutique in Miami called Her Little Secret. Shariff "Teddy Ruks" Homer — Former Assistant manager, Ceaser's cousin, Tatiana's boyfriend, Sky's ex-fiancé and Jadah's ex-fling. Taylor “Donna Marie Lombardi” Pickney — Former apprentice of Ceaser & Dutchess, ex-tattoo artist, ex-piercer for Art2Ink and Alex's new lover. Melody Mitchell — Tattoo artist and manager for Black Ink.
Walt Miller — Assistant Manager of Black Ink 113th. Young Bae — Tattoo artist for Black Ink. Cristana "Dutchess" Lattimore — Tattoo artist for Black Ink, owner of Pretty N Ink and Ceaser's ex-fiancée. Richard "O'S**t" Duncan — Tattoo artist for Black Ink. Paul "Puma" Robinson — Former public relations manager, owner of Art2Ink. Ashley Nicole "Sassy" Bermudez — Former manager of Black Ink, manager of Art2Ink. Alex Estevez — Former receptionist of Black Ink. Black Ink Crew's second season premiered on September 23, 2013, with the season returning on March 31, 2014, for five more episodes; the third season premiered on January 26, 2015, with the season returning August 24, 2015 for eight more episodes and a reunion special on October 19, 2015. The show was renewed for a fourth season, which premiered on April 4, 2016. List of tattoo TV shows Official website Black Ink Crew on IMDb
Robert Rihmeek Williams, known professionally as Meek Mill, is an American rapper and activist. Raised in Philadelphia, he embarked on his music career as a battle rapper, formed a short-lived rap group, The Bloodhoundz. In 2008, Atlanta-based rapper T. I. signed Meek Mill to his first record deal. In February 2011, after leaving Grand Hustle Records, Mill signed with Miami-based rapper Rick Ross's Maybach Music Group. Mill's debut album and Nightmares, was released in 2012 under MMG and Warner Bros. Records; the album, preceded by the lead single "Amen", debuted at number two on the U. S. Billboard 200. In October 2012, Mill announced the launch of his own label imprint, Dream Chasers Records, named after his mixtape series. Meek Mill collaborates with fellow MMG label-mates. In November 2017, he was sentenced to two to four years in prison for violating parole and served five months at the State Correctional Institution – Chester in Chester, before being released while his trial continues. Meek Mill was born Robert Rihmeek Williams on May 6, 1987, in South Philadelphia, the son of Kathy Williams.
He has Nasheema Williams. Kathy grew up in poverty and her mother died when she was young. Meek's father was killed when Meek was five years old during an attempted robbery, his uncle, described Meek Mill's father as a "black sheep of the family". After her husband's death, Kathy moved with Meek and his sister to North Philadelphia, where they lived in a three-bedroom apartment on Berks Street, their financial condition was poor and she started cutting hair, doing other jobs, shoplifting in order to support her family. At home, Meek was shy and spoke; as a kid, he became acquainted with another of his father’s brothers, who under the MC name Grandmaster Nell was a pioneering disc jockey in the late-1980s Philadelphia hip-hop scene and influenced rap artists Will Smith and DJ Jazzy Jeff. Meek's interest in hip-hop grew as a result of these early influences, he was influenced by the independent hip-hop artists Chic Raw and Vodka, whom he learned to emulate by watching their DVDs. During his early teenage years, Meek took part in rap battles under the pseudonym Meek Millz.
He stayed up well past midnight filling notebooks with phrases and verses that he drew on. He and three friends formed the rap group The Bloodhoundz, they bought blank CDs and jewel cases at Kinkos, encouraging friends to burn them with the group's songs and distribute them. When he was 18, while walking to a corner store armed, Meek was arrested for illegally possessing a firearm and was beaten up by the police; because of the beating, his lips and both eyes became one of his braids was ripped out. He was charged with assaulting the police after two black cops gave a statement against him in the case, saying he chased them down with a gun and tried to kill them, he was placed on probation. The Bloodhoundz lasted long enough to release four mixtapes. In 2008, Mill released his fourth solo mixtape, Flamers 2: Hottest in tha City, which spawned the promotional singles "I'm So Fly," "Prolli," and "Hottest in the City." Flamers 2 caught the attention of Charlie Mack and President of 215 Aphillyated Records.
Mack was so impressed with Mill that he signed him to his management company. During that same year, Meek Mill met the founder and owner of Grand Hustle Records, Atlanta-based rapper and record executive T. I. T. I. was impressed by Mill and offered him an opportunity to travel, to meet with him and Warner Bros. Records. Although he was offered other record deals, Mill felt collaborating with T. I. thus chose his label. However, a setback occurred: Mill was arrested, charged with gun and drug possession, ordered to serve seven months in prison, he was released in early 2009. Under Grand Hustle, Mill formed a work relationship with DJ Drama. Mill and Drama teamed up to release the third edition of Mill's Flamers series; the mixtape, titled Flamers 3: The Wait Is Over, was released on March 12, 2010, is helmed as a "Gangsta Grillz mixtape". The mixtape features his promotional single "Rosé Red", remixed with additional verses from fellow American rappers T. I. Rick Ross and Vado. Rick Ross contributed his verse after he was visiting Philadelphia and asked his Twitter followers who he should collaborate with.
The remix was included on Mr. Philadelphia. Due to Mill's and Grand Hustle label-boss T. I.'s respective legal troubles, Mill was never able to release an official album under Grand Hustle and they parted ways in 2010. In February 2011, Rick Ross announced the signing of Mill along with fellow American rapper Wale to his Maybach Music Group label. In March 2011, Mill was included in XXL's "Freshman Class of 2011"; that year, he released his debut single, "Tupac Back", featuring Rick Ross, from his label's compilation album Self Made Vol. 1. That same year he released his second single, "Ima Boss" take from the compilation and featuring Ross; the song was remixed, featuring T. I. Birdman, Lil Wayne, DJ Khaled, Swizz Beatz and Rick Ross; the remix charted on the Billboard Hot 100 and peaked at #51, becoming Mill's most successful single at that time. In August 2011, Mill released Dreamchasers, a well received mixtape featuring his urban hit "House Party" and guest appearances from Rick Ross, Yo Gotti and Beanie Siegel among others.
Khaled Mohamed Khaled, better known by his stage name DJ Khaled, is an American DJ, record producer, media personality, record executive. Born in New Orleans, Khaled first gained prominence as a radio host in the 1990s, whereby after moving to Miami, he hosted the show "99 Jamz" on urban music radio station WEDR. After gaining some production credits on the group's material, Khaled transitioned into curating albums, releasing his debut studio album Listennn... the Album in 2006, which earned gold certification. He followed that up with the album We the Best, which contained the top 20 single "I'm So Hood", his subsequent two releases — We Global and Victory — were released after the founding of Khaled's record label We the Best Music Group. Both albums charted within the top ten on the US Billboard 200, with the latter containing the single "All I Do Is Win", certified triple platinum, his fifth studio album We the Best Forever saw similar commercial success, helped bring Khaled to international prominence, as it featured the song "I'm on One", which became his first top ten hit.
His sixth and seventh album, Kiss the Ring and Suffering from Success, charted in the top ten on the Billboard 200, his eighth studio album, I Changed a Lot, peaked at number 12. In 2015 and early 2016, Khaled gained worldwide attention as a media personality, subsequently attained a large following on social media; this foresaw the release of his ninth studio album Major Key in 2016. The album attained wholesale commercial success, he released his tenth studio album, Grateful, in 2017, which contained the singles "I'm the One" and "Wild Thoughts", which charted at number one and number two on the Billboard Hot 100, respectively. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, was certified platinum, his eleventh album, Father of Asahd, is due to be released in 2019. Outside of music, Khaled has gained success as a writer, with his book The Keys featuring on the New York Times Best Seller list, he has featured as an actor, starring in Spies in Disguise, is due to appear in Bad Boys for Life.
Khaled was born on November 26, 1975, in New Orleans, Louisiana, to Palestinian parents who had immigrated to the United States. He has described himself as a devout Muslim, his brother Alec Ledd is an actor. His musician parents played Arabic music, Khaled started developing an interest in rap and soul music at a young age, his parents supported his interest, he worked in a local Merry-Go-Round record store which helped to lay foundations for his music career. During his early career, Khaled became acquainted with several young artists and helped them before their breakthrough. One of his first jobs was at the New Orleans record store Odyssey where he met both Birdman and Lil Wayne in 1993. After leaving Odyssey, he began DJing in reggae soundclashes, mixing hip-hop, his first radio gig was on a pirate station. In 1998, he moved to Miami and co-hosted The Luke Show on WEDR "99 Jamz" with 2 Live Crew's Luther Campbell. In 2003, he started hosting a weeknight radio show on 99 Jamz. During his career, Khaled has used many monikers including "Arab Attack", "Big Dog Pitbull", "Terror Squadian", Beat Novacane, The Don Dada, Mr. Miami etc.
Khaled has stated that he used the moniker "Arab Attack" for music as in saying "attack with music", but it was soon discontinued by him after the September 11 attacks since he felt that using it would seem disrespectful and offensive towards those who suffered due to the attacks. On June 6, 2006, his debut album Listennn... the Album was released by Koch Records. We the Best is his second album with singles "I'm So Hood" with T-Pain, Trick Daddy and Rick Ross and "We Takin' Over" with Akon, T. I. Rick Ross, Fat Joe and Lil Wayne. "We Takin' Over" peaked at number 28 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and number 11 on the US Hot Rap Tracks chart and was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on November 20, 2007. Khaled made a guest appearance on Birdman's 2007 album 5 * Stunna on the single "100 Million"; that year, Khaled won two Ozone Awards: one for Best Video and another for Best Radio DJ. In 2008, Khaled's third album We Global came out with singles "Out Here Grindin" with Akon, Rick Ross, Lil' Boosie, Trick Daddy, Ace Hood, Plies, followed by "Go Hard" featuring Kanye West and T-Pain.
RIAA certified the single "I'm So Hood" Platinum on June 4, 2008. That year, Khaled won DJ of the Year awards from the BET Hip Hop Awards and Ozone Awards, he was appointed the president of Def Jam South in 2009. His fourth studio album Victory was released on March 2, 2010; the album featured guest appearances from Drake, Lil Wayne, Rick Ross, Snoop Dogg, Ludacris and more. The single "All I Do Is Win" featuring Ludacris, Rick Ross, Snoop Dogg, T-Pain was certified as a double-platinum single. Other singles include: "Put Your Hands Up" featuring Ross, Young Jeezy and Schife, "Fed Up" featuring Usher, Drake and Jeezy; the album had low sales and debuted at number 12 on the Billboard 200. DJ Khaled announced the title of We the Best Forever, on Twitter. On August 19, Khaled signed t
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Christopher Charles Lloyd, better known by his stage name Lloyd Banks, is an American rapper. Banks began his career as a member of East Coast hip hop group G-Unit, alongside childhood friends 50 Cent and Tony Yayo. After the group released their debut album, Beg for Mercy in 2003, Banks released his first solo album The Hunger for More in 2004, which featured the top ten hit single "On Fire", his second studio album, Rotten Apple was released in 2006. Banks left Interscope Records in 2009 and, along with the rest of G-Unit, signed with EMI the following year to distribute Banks third studio album The Hunger for More 2, released on November 22, 2010. Banks was born in New Carrollton and raised in Queens, New York City, his father spent most of Lloyd's childhood in prison, leaving his mother to raise him and his two siblings. Lloyd attended August Martin High School but dropped out at the age of 16. For his stage name, he took his great, great-grandfather's name Banks, passed on by his uncles who shared it.
G-Unit was founded when childhood friends Lloyd Banks, 50 Cent, Tony Yayo decided to form a group. They met Young Buck when UTP group came to 50 Cent heard Young Buck rapping. After 50 Cent signed his contract with Aftermath Entertainment they took Young Buck in the group and signed him. Tony Yayo, being an older and more experienced rapper, joined 50 Cent on the Nas Promo Tour, the Cash Money Tour and the Ruff Ryders Tour; as Banks remained at home waiting for 50 and Yayo to return, he started rapping around the neighborhood to further increase his buzz on the streets. He hooked up with neighborhood producers and recorded tracks for local mixtapes, becoming renowned on the mixtape scene. While Banks was recording Mixtapes, 50 Cent was soon granted his own record label by Dr. Dre and released the album Get Rich or Die Tryin'. I. M. P". Soon after the group had established their own record label, G-Unit Records, G-Unit released their first official group album Beg for Mercy in November 2003, which went on to be certified double platinum.
On September 10, 2001, Lloyd Banks was shot twice while leaving a nightclub in Southside Jamaica, Queens. He was hit in the back and stomach, ran to the nearest hospital after suffering the injuries, he woke up the next morning to news of the 9/11 terrorist attacks and watched from his hospital bed as the Twin Towers fell to the ground. During August 2005, Lloyd Banks, Young Buck, their entourage were traveling in a van, when the vehicle was pulled over after passing through a red light in midtown Manhattan. Officers said they discovered another weapon in the van. Prosecutors asked a judge to dismiss the charges after an investigation determined that neither Lloyd Banks nor Young Buck were in possession of the weapons. Felony gun charges against Lloyd Banks and Young Buck were dropped on November 8, 2006. In the early morning hours of January 9, 2010, in a Kitchener, Ontario hotel, an alleged altercation took place between Banks and a concert promoter over performance fees. Banks, three of his associates, were charged with forcible confinement, aggravated assault and robbery, released on $50,000 bail.
The most well known feud involving Lloyd Banks is the feud between himself and The Game, which became public after The Game left G-Unit. Banks speculates that The Game was jealous about the attention Banks received after the success of his debut album The Hunger for More as well as Banks winning a lyricist title. Lloyd Banks released his solo debut album The Hunger for More in June 2004; the first single was the summer smash hit "On Fire" which featured 50 Cent, however he was uncredited. Banks explained the reasoning behind the album's title: The album was a commercial success, receiving positive reviews, it debuted at number 1 on the Billboard charts with over 433,000 copies sold in the first week. The album has since sold over 1.5 million copies and has been certified platinum by the RIAA. During an interview, Lloyd Banks commented on his first week sales: Two other singles were released from The Hunger For More, "I'm So Fly" and "Karma", the latter was a hit reaching number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 9 on the R&B charts and number 6 on the rap charts.
The Big Withdrawal was intended to be Lloyd Banks's second album. The album was leaked to the internet after Banks had a ménage à trois encounter with two women and left the CD album behind; the leaked version of the album contained 23 tracks. During an interview, Lloyd Banks commented on the issue, he said: It's truth to that rumor; that comes from me doing too much. I was just lost in my ways, fucked two women at one time. It's the little things. I had the CD in an actual DJ Whoo Kid mixtape cover, it was just a blank CD with just tracks. I got over 70, 80 tracks, so you can't get them all on one CD. So I might have had something like that. Next thing I know, can't find the CD. I'm assuming. Maybe I'mma just stick to one girl from now on. That's the only explanation. Sticky fingers. Due to the leak, Lloyd Banks began work on Rotten Apple. "Rotten Apple" is a play on New York City's nickname "The Big Apple". It was released on October 10, 2006; the album debuted at # 3. Rotten Apple was not considered as a commercial success because his debut album sold a higher number of copies in its first week.
He has released three singles from Rotten Apple: "Hands Up", "The Cake", "Help". Banks was dropped from Interscop
Cameron Ezike Giles, known professionally as Cam'ron, is an American rapper, songwriter and philanthropist from Harlem, New York. He is the leader of East Coast hip hop group The Diplomats, is a member of the duo U. N.. Cam'ron was a part of the group Children of the Corn before they disbanded in 1997. In 1998, Cam'ron released his debut album Confessions of Fire on Epic. In 2000 Cam'ron released his second album S. D. E.. In 2001 Cam'ron signed a new label deal with Roc-A-Fella Records and released his third studio album Come Home with Me, it achieved Platinum status by the RIAA, contained Cam'ron's highest charting Billboard single to date, "Oh Boy", as well as his other popular single "Hey Ma". In 2002 Cam'ron starred in the Roc-A-Fella films Paper Soldiers and Paid in Full. In 2004 Cam'ron released his fourth studio album Purple Haze to critical acclaim reaching Gold status by the RIAA. In 2005 after disbanding his record label, Diplomat Records, from Roc-A-Fella Records due to business disagreements, Cam'ron signed the label to a distribution deal with Asylum Records.
In 2006 Cam'ron released his fifth studio album, Killa Season. The album contained a film of the same name, in which Cam'ron made his director/screenwriter debut and starred as the main character. In 2009, after taking a hiatus due to his mother's health, Cam'ron returned to music and released his sixth studio album Crime Pays, it reached number 3 on the Billboard 200. Cam'ron is working on his seventh studio album titled Purple Haze 2, which he has stated will be his final album; the first single from the album "Oh Yeah" was featured Juelz Santana. Giles was raised in Harlem, he was raised by Fredericka Giles. He went to school at the Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics, where he met his longtime friends Mase and Jim Jones, he was a promising basketball player alongside Mase, however, he was unable to take advantage of scholarship offers due to his poor academic standing. Instead, he enrolled in a college in Texas, without graduating from high school, but soon dropped out and returned to Harlem where he began selling drugs before starting his rap career.
Giles was introduced to The Notorious B. I. G. through his childhood friend Mase. BIG introduced Giles to Lance Rivera, who signed him to Untertainment, he began his musical career in the mid 1990s, rapping alongside Big L, his cousin Bloodshed, in a group called Children Of The Corn. After Bloodshed's death in a car accident on March 2, 1997, the group disbanded and the remaining members continued solo careers. Two years before Big L's murder in 1999, Cam'ron was introduced to The Notorious B. I. G. by Mase, signed to Bad Boy Records at the time. Biggie was so impressed by Cam'ron that he introduced him to his partner Lance "Un" Rivera who signed Cam'ron to his Untertainment label, distributed by Epic Records, his debut album, Confessions of Fire, was released a year in July 1998 and included singles such as "3-5-7", "Horse and Carriage" featuring Mase, which reached the R&B Top Ten. The album made the Top 10 of both the pop and R&B charts. In 2000, Cam'ron was working with music executive Tommy Mottola and released his second album S.
D. E. on Sony/Epic Records. With features from Destiny's Child, Juelz Santana, Jim Jones, N. O. R. E. and producer Digga, it included the successful singles, "Let Me Know" and "What Means The World To You". The album reached Number 2 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, Number 14 on the Billboard 200. After demanding a release from Sony/Epic Records, Cam'ron signed with his childhood friend and new manager Damon Dash to Roc-A-Fella Records in 2001, alongside artists such as Jay-Z, Beanie Sigel and Memphis Bleek. A reported $4.5 million record deal was agreed upon with and Damon Dash and his Roc-A-Fella partners Kareem Biggs and Jay-Z in the form of a record advance. His third and most successful album Come Home with Me was released in 2002 featuring guests such as Jay-Z, Beanie Sigel, Memphis Bleek, production from Just Blaze, Kanye West and The Heatmakerz, it included the hit singles "Oh Boy" and "Hey Ma", which both featured The Diplomats newest member Juelz Santana. The album achieved platinum status and served as a stepping stone for Cam'ron's group The Diplomats to sign with Roc-A-Fella.
In 2002, Cam'ron went on to appear in the Damon Dash produced film, Paid in Full, in which he played one of three main characters alongside Mekhi Phifer and Wood Harris. In 2006 he started shooting his movie for his album titled Killa Season. Killa Season was released to DVD on April 2006, after a special two-day theatrical release. In 2003 Cam'ron teamed up with his fellow Diplomats Members Jim Jones, Juelz Santana, Freekey Zeeky to release the Diplomats' debut double disc album, Diplomatic Immunity, in 2003 under Roc-A-Fella/Diplomat Records, certified gold by the RIAA; the album featured the lead single "Dipset Anthem", a remix to Cam'rons hit "Hey Ma" and the single "I Really Mean It", as well as featuring production from Kanye West, Just Blaze, The Heatmakerz. A year the Diplomats released their second album, Diplomatic
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea