The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment
Raymond Stanley Noble was an English bandleader, arranger, radio comedian, actor. Noble wrote both lyrics and music for many popular songs during the British dance band era, known as the "Golden Age of British music", notably for his longtime friend and associate Al Bowlly, including "Love Is the Sweetest Thing", "Cherokee", "The Touch of Your Lips", "I Hadn't Anyone Till You", his signature tune, "The Very Thought of You". Noble played a radio comedian opposite American ventriloquist Edgar Bergen's stage act of Mortimer Snerd and Charlie McCarthy, American comedy duo Burns and Allen transferring these roles from radio to TV and popular films. Noble was born at 1 Montpelier Terrace in the Montpelier area of England. A blue plaque on the house commemorates him. Noble studied at the Royal Academy of Music and in 1927 won a competition for the best British dance band orchestrator, advertised in Melody Maker. In 1929, he became leader of the New Mayfair Dance Orchestra, an HMV Records studio band that featured members of many of the top hotel orchestras of the day.
The most popular vocalist with Noble's studio band was Al Bowlly, who joined in 1930. During this time Noble co-wrote "Turkish Delight", "By the Fireside" and "Goodnight, Sweetheart"; the latter song was a number one hit for Guy Lombardo in the United States charts. It was used on the original television series Star Trek episode The City on the Edge of Forever. Noble moved to New York City in 1934; the Bowlly/Noble recordings with the British New Mayfair Dance Orchestra on HMV had achieved popularity in the United States and Noble had several number one hits on the US pop singles charts: "Love is the Sweetest Thing", 1933, #1 for five weeks. Noble took Al Bowlly and his drummer Bill Harty to the US and asked Glenn Miller to recruit American musicians to complete the band. Miller played the trombone in the Ray Noble orchestra which performed Glenn Miller's composition "Dese Dem Dose" as part of the medley "Dese Dem Dose/An Hour Ago This Minute/Solitude" during a performance at the Rainbow Room in 1935.
The American Ray Noble band had a successful run at the Rainbow Room in New York City with Bowlly as principal vocalist. Although Noble was no singer, he did appear twice as an upper-class Englishman on two of his more popular New York records, 1935's "Top Hat" and 1937's "Slumming on Park Avenue". Noble was an arranger who scored many record hits in the 1930s: "Mad About the Boy", "Paris in the Spring" and "Easy to Love", Noble and his orchestra appeared in the 1937 film A Damsel in Distress with Fred Astaire, Joan Fontaine, George Burns and Gracie Allen. Noble played a somewhat "dense" character, in love with Gracie Allen. Al Bowlly returned to England in 1938 but Noble continued to lead bands in America, moving into an acting career portraying a stereotypical upper-class English idiot. Ray Noble played the piano but did so with his orchestra. In a movie short from the 1940s featuring Ray Noble and Buddy Clark, Ray Noble is asked by the announcer to play one of his most popular hits, he sits down at the piano and plays "Goodnight, Sweetheart".
Ray Noble provided music for many radio shows such as The Chase and Sanborn Hour, The Charlie McCarthy Show and Allen and On Stage with Cathy and Elliott Lewis and guest-appeared in some of their films. He worked with Bergen for nearly fifteen years, playing the foil to McCarthy and the slow-witted Mortimer Snerd, his orchestra appeared with Edgar Bergen in the 1942 film Here We Go Again, he provided the orchestration for the 1942 Lou Gehrig biopic The Pride of the Yankees starring Gary Cooper. Noble's last major successes as a bandleader came with Buddy Clark in the late 1940s; the ventriloquist TV show ended in the mid-1950s, Noble retired to Santa Barbara, California. In the late 1960s Noble relocated to Jersey in the Channel Islands. In March 1978 he flew to London for treatment of cancer, died of the disease at a London hospital. Specialist dance band radio stations continue to play his records. Ray Noble has featured on the Manx Radio programme Sweet & Swing, presented by Howard Caine. In 1987 Noble was inducted into the Big Jazz Hall of Fame.
In 1996 Noble was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2005 "The Very Thought of You", recorded by Ray Noble and His Orchestra on Victor in 1934, received the Grammy Hall of Fame Award In 1938 the Noble composition "You're So Desirable" was recorded by Billie Holiday and Teddy Wilson The Noble and Bowlly 1934 recording of "Midnight, the Stars and You" was prominently featured on the soundtrack of Stanley Kubrick's 1980 film The Shining In 1990 the Noble composition "You're So Desirable" was recorded by Robert Palmer In the 1990 film, The Russia House, protagonist "Barley" Blair, played by Sean Connery, is portrayed as having once played in the "great Ray Noble's Band" Peter Gammond, "Noble, Raymond Stanley", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2012. Ray Noble: Biography. – Songwriters Hall of Fame. Wright, John. – Al Bowlly's time with the Ray Noble Orchestra
MusicBrainz is a project that aims to create an open data music database, similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database, a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a compact disc metadata storehouse to become a structured open online database for music. MusicBrainz captures information about artists, their recorded works, the relationships between them. Recorded works entries capture at a minimum the album title, track titles, the length of each track; these entries are maintained by volunteer editors. Recorded works can store information about the release date and country, the CD ID, cover art, acoustic fingerprint, free-form annotation text and other metadata; as of 21 September 2018, MusicBrainz contained information about 1.4 million artists, 2 million releases, 19 million recordings. End-users can use software that communicates with MusicBrainz to add metadata tags to their digital media files, such as FLAC, MP3, Ogg Vorbis or AAC.
MusicBrainz allows contributors to upload cover art images of releases to the database. Internet Archive provides the bandwidth and legal protection for hosting the images, while MusicBrainz stores metadata and provides public access through the web and via an API for third parties to use; as with other contributions, the MusicBrainz community is in charge of maintaining and reviewing the data. Cover art is provided for items on sale at Amazon.com and some other online resources, but CAA is now preferred because it gives the community more control and flexibility for managing the images. Besides collecting metadata about music, MusicBrainz allows looking up recordings by their acoustic fingerprint. A separate application, such as MusicBrainz Picard, must be used for this. In 2000, MusicBrainz started using Relatable's patented TRM for acoustic fingerprint matching; this feature allowed the database to grow quickly. However, by 2005 TRM was showing scalability issues as the number of tracks in the database had reached into the millions.
This issue was resolved in May 2006 when MusicBrainz partnered with MusicIP, replacing TRM with MusicDNS. TRMs were phased out and replaced by MusicDNS in November 2008. In October 2009 MusicIP was acquired by AmpliFIND; some time after the acquisition, the MusicDNS service began having intermittent problems. Since the future of the free identification service was uncertain, a replacement for it was sought; the Chromaprint acoustic fingerprinting algorithm, the basis for AcoustID identification service, was started in February 2010 by a long-time MusicBrainz contributor Lukáš Lalinský. While AcoustID and Chromaprint are not MusicBrainz projects, they are tied with each other and both are open source. Chromaprint works by analyzing the first two minutes of a track, detecting the strength in each of 12 pitch classes, storing these 8 times per second. Additional post-processing is applied to compress this fingerprint while retaining patterns; the AcoustID search server searches from the database of fingerprints by similarity and returns the AcoustID identifier along with MusicBrainz recording identifiers if known.
Since 2003, MusicBrainz's core data are in the public domain, additional content, including moderation data, is placed under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-SA-2.0 license. The relational database management system is PostgreSQL; the server software is covered by the GNU General Public License. The MusicBrainz client software library, libmusicbrainz, is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, which allows use of the code by proprietary software products. In December 2004, the MusicBrainz project was turned over to the MetaBrainz Foundation, a non-profit group, by its creator Robert Kaye. On 20 January 2006, the first commercial venture to use MusicBrainz data was the Barcelona, Spain-based Linkara in their Linkara Música service. On 28 June 2007, BBC announced that it has licensed MusicBrainz's live data feed to augment their music Web pages; the BBC online music editors will join the MusicBrainz community to contribute their knowledge to the database. On 28 July 2008, the beta of the new BBC Music site was launched, which publishes a page for each MusicBrainz artist.
Amarok – KDE audio player Banshee – multi-platform audio player Beets – automatic CLI music tagger/organiser for Unix-like systems Clementine – multi-platform audio player CDex – Microsoft Windows CD ripper Demlo – a dynamic and extensible music manager using a CLI iEatBrainz – Mac OS X deprecated foo_musicbrainz component for foobar2000 – Music Library/Audio Player Jaikoz – Java mass tag editor Max – Mac OS X CD ripper and audio transcoder Mp3tag – Windows metadata editor and music organizer MusicBrainz Picard – cross-platform album-oriented tag editor MusicBrainz Tagger – deprecated Microsoft Windows tag editor puddletag – a tag editor for PyQt under the GPLv3 Rhythmbox music player – an audio player for Unix-like systems Sound Juicer – GNOME CD ripper Zortam Mp3 Media Studio – Windows music organizer and ID3 Tag Editor. Freedb clients can access MusicBrainz data through the freedb protocol by using the MusicBrainz to FreeDB gateway service, mb2freedb. List of online music databases Making Metadata: The Case of Mus
June Lockhart is an American actress in 1950s and 1960s television with performances on stage and in film. On two television series she played mother roles and Lost in Space, she portrayed Dr. Janet Craig on the CBS television sitcom Petticoat Junction, she is a Tony Award winner. Born on June 25, 1925, in New York, Lockhart is the daughter of Canadian-born actor Gene Lockhart, who came to prominence on Broadway in 1933 in Ah, Wilderness!, English-born actress Kathleen Arthur Lockhart. Her grandfather was John Coates Lockhart, "a concert-singer."She attended the Westlake School for Girls in Beverly Hills, California. Lockhart made her film debut opposite her parents in a film version of A Christmas Carol, in 1938, she played supporting parts in films including Meet Me in St. Louis, Sergeant York, All This, Heaven Too and The Yearling, she starred in She-Wolf of London. Lockhart debuted on stage at the age of eight, playing Mimsey in Peter Ibbetson, presented by the Metropolitan Opera. In 1947, her acting in For Love or Money brought her out of her parents' shadow and gained her notice as "a promising movie actress in her own right."
One newspaper article began, "June Lockhart has burst on Broadway with the suddenness of an unpredicted comet."In 1951, Lockhart starred in Lawrence Riley's biographical play Kin Hubbard opposite Tom Ewell. In 1955, Lockhart appeared in an episode of CBS's Appointment with Adventure. About this time, she made several appearances on NBC's legal drama Justice, based on case files of the Legal Aid Society of New York. In the late 1950s, Lockhart guest-starred in several popular television Westerns including: Wagon Train and Cimarron City on NBC and Gunsmoke, Have Gun – Will Travel, Rawhide on CBS. In 1958, she was the narrator for Playhouse 90's telecast of the George Balanchine version of Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker, featuring Balanchine himself as Drosselmeyer, along with the New York City Ballet. Lockhart is best known for her roles as TV mothers, first as Ruth Martin, the wife of Paul Martin, the mother of Timmy Martin in the 1950s CBS series, Lassie, she replaced actress Cloris Leachman, who, in turn, had replaced Jan Clayton – who had played a similar character earlier in the series.
Following her five-year run on Lassie Lockhart made a guest appearance on Perry Mason as defendant Mona Stanton Harvey in "The Case of the Scandalous Sculptor." Lockhart starred as Dr. Maureen Robinson in Lost in Space, which ran from 1965 to 1968 on CBS, opposite veteran actors Guy Williams and Jonathan Harris. In 1965, Lockhart played librarian Ina Coolbrith, first poet laureate of California, in the episode "Magic Locket" of the syndicated western series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Ronald W. Reagan. In the storyline, Coolbrith develops a tenuous friendship with the teenaged "Dorita Duncan" the dancer Isadora Duncan; the two have identical portions of a broken locket. Sean McClory played the poet author of Songs of the Sierras. Lockhart would appear as Dr. Janet Craig on the final two seasons of the CBS sitcom Petticoat Junction, her character being brought in to fill the void created after Bea Benaderet died during the run of the show. Lockhart appeared as a hostess on the "Miss USA Pageant" on CBS for six years, the "Miss Universe Pageant" on CBS for six years, the "Tournament of Roses Parade" on CBS for eight years and the "Thanksgiving Parade" on CBS for five years.
In 1986, she appeared in Troll. The younger version of her character in that film was played by Anne Lockhart, they had played the same woman at two different ages in the "Lest We Forget" episode of the television series Magnum, P. I.. In 1991, Lockhart appeared as Miss Wiltrout, Michelle Tanner's kindergarten teacher on the TV sitcom Full House, she had a cameo in the 1998 film Lost in Space, based on the television series she had starred in thirty years earlier. In 2002, she appeared in two episodes of The Drew Carey Show as Lewis's mother, Misty Kiniski, alongside fellow TV mom Marion Ross, who played Drew's mother. In 2004, she voiced the role of Grandma Emma Fowler in Focus on the Family's The Last Chance Detectives audio cases. Lockhart starred as James Caan's mother in an episode of Las Vegas in 2004. Lockhart has since guest-starred in episodes of Cold Case and Grey's Anatomy, in the 2007 ABC Family television film Holiday in Handcuffs, in the 2007 feature film Wesley. In February 2013, Lockhart began filming for Tesla Effect, a video game that combines live-action footage with 3D graphics, released in May 2014.
In 1948, Lockhart won a Tony Award for Outstanding Performance by a Newcomer for her role on Broadway in For Love or Money. She has two stars on one for motion pictures and one for television. Both were dedicated on February 8, 1960. In 2013, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration awarded her the Exceptional Public Achievement Medal for inspiring the public about space exploration. In 1951, Lockhart married Dr. John F. Maloney, they had Anne Kathleen Lockhart and June Elizabeth Maloney. The couple divorced in 1959, she mar
British dance band
British dance band is a genre of popular jazz and dance music that developed in British dance halls and hotel ballrooms during the 1920s and 1930s called a Golden Age of British music prior to the Second World War. Thousands of miles away from the origins of jazz in the United States, British dance bands of this era played melodic, good-time music that had jazz and big band influences but maintained a peculiarly British sense of rhythm and style which came from the music hall tradition. Comedians of the day or music hall personalities would sing novelty recordings backed by well-known British dance band leaders; some of the British dance band leaders and musicians went on to fame in the United States in the swing era. Thanks to Britain's continuing ballroom dancing tradition and its recording copyright laws, British dance music of the pre-swing era still attracts a modest audience, which American dance music of the same period does not. Famous British dance band leaders and musicians included: Many popular singers rose to fame as vocalists on recordings by the British dance bands.
They are not always attributed on the record label, except for the description "with vocal refrain", but an experienced listener can identify the voices of these otherwise anonymous singers. Famous British dance band vocalists included: The Squadronaires are a Royal Air Force band which became the best known of the British service dance bands during the Second World War, with hits like "There's Something in the Air" and "South Rampart Street Parade", they played at dances and concerts for service personnel, broadcast on the BBC and recorded on the Decca label. Many of the members played as side men in Bert Ambrose’s band, they continued to be popular after the war under the leadership of Ronnie Aldrich. Other British service dance bands included the Blue Rockets and the Skyrockets. Cafés, clubs and restaurants in London noted for British dance band music during the Golden Age included: The 1935 British musical comedy film She Shall Have Music featured Jack Hylton as himself in a speaking role, his orchestra.
The 1937 British musical comedy film Calling All Stars featured Bert Ambrose, Carroll Gibbons and Evelyn Dall. The 1938 British musical comedy film Kicking the Moon Around featured Bert Ambrose and Evelyn Dall; the BBC Radio programme Dance Band Days ran from 1969 to 1995 with a playlist of British dance band music. It was presented by Alan Dell, subsequently by Malcolm Laycock; the programme was transferred to Sunday Night at 10, until the British dance band content was dropped by the BBC in 2008. The BBC Radio programme Thanks For The Memory presented by Hubert Gregg featured British dance band music, ran for 35 years until his death in 2004; the English television dramatist Dennis Potter was responsible for repopularizing music from the British dance band era in several of his works, with his actors miming period songs in Pennies From Heaven and The Singing Detective. James Nott, Going to the Palais: a social and cultural history of dancing and dance halls in Britain, 1918-1960 James Nott, Music for the People: Popular Music and Dance in interwar Britain Abra, Allison.
Review of "Going to the palais: a social and cultural history of dancing and dance halls in Britain, 1918–1960." Contemporary British History 30#3 pp 432-433. White, Mark; the Observer's Book of Big Bands: Describing American and European Big Bands, Their Music and Their Musicians, in The Observer's Series, no. 77. London: F. Warne, 1978. ISBN 0-7232-1589-8. "The British Dance Band encyclopaedia - mgthomas.co.uk". Retrieved 24 April 2012. "John Wright's The British Dance Band Show podcasts - r2ok.co.uk". Retrieved 25 April 2012. "Memory Lane magazine - memorylane.org.uk". Retrieved 26 April 2012. "The Golden Age of British Dance Bands - facebook.com". Retrieved 25 April 2012. "Everybody Dance: The Very Best Of The British Dance Bands". Europeana. Retrieved 2012-06-10
White Christmas (film)
White Christmas is a 1954 American musical film directed by Michael Curtiz and starring Bing Crosby, Danny Kaye, Rosemary Clooney, Vera-Ellen. Filmed in VistaVision and Technicolor, it features the songs of Irving Berlin, including a new version of the title song, "White Christmas", introduced by Crosby in the film Holiday Inn. Produced and distributed by Paramount Pictures, the film is notable for being the first to be released in VistaVision, a widescreen process developed by Paramount that entailed using twice the surface area of standard 35mm film. On Christmas Eve, 1944, somewhere in Europe, two World War II U. S. Army soldiers, one a Broadway entertainer, Captain Bob Wallace, the other an aspiring entertainer, Private First Class Phil Davis, perform for the 151st Division. But, word has come down that their beloved commanding officer, Major General Thomas F. Waverly, is being relieved of his command, he delivers an emotional farewell. The men give him a rousing send-off. At the end of the performance, everyone is forced to take cover from an aerial bombing run.
One bomb knocks over a partially-destroyed building. Phil throws him out of the way and his arm is injured by debris. Bob visits Phil at a field hospital and thanks the private for saving his life; when Bob offers a favor to repay the debt, Phil shows him a duet he wrote and asks to perform with Bob back in New York City. Feeling obligated by Phil's heroism, Bob agrees. After the war and Phil make it big in nightclubs, on Broadway becoming successful producers, they mount their newest hit musical titled Playing Around. The same day they receive a letter from "Freckle-Faced Haynes, the dog-faced boy," their mess sergeant from the war, asking them to look at an act that his two sisters are doing; when they go to the club to watch the act, Phil notices. Phil has eyes for Judy. Betty and Judy join Bob and Phil at their table, Phil dances with Judy, so that Bob and Betty can get to know each other. Phil and Judy hit it off. Bob and Betty do not, getting into a minor argument about how Bob thinks that everyone has an angle in show business.
Judy and Betty are headed for the Columbia Inn in Pine Tree, where they are booked to perform over the holidays. Due to a disagreement with their landlord, the girls have to leave so Phil gives the sisters his and Bob's sleeping-room accommodations aboard the train and delays the sheriff by imitating the girls' signature number. Bob and Phil board and Bob is upset that they have to stay up all night in the club car on their way to NYC, they are joined by Betty and Judy, who thank them profusely for the tickets and convince them to come with them to Pine Tree. When the train arrives in Pine Tree, there's not a snowflake in sight, chances of it falling appear dim. Bob and Phil discover that the inn is run by General Waverly. Waverly has invested all of his savings into the lodge, in danger of failing because there's no snow and thus no guests. To bring business to the inn and Phil bring the entire cast and crew of their musical Playing Around, add in Betty and Judy to the rehearsals. Bob and Betty's relationship blooms and they spend a good deal of time together.
Meanwhile, Bob discovers. He decides to prove to the General. While rehearsals continue Bob calls Ed Harrison, an old army buddy, now a successful variety show host, to arrange a televised invitation to all the men under the command of the General to come to the inn on Christmas Eve as a surprise. In response, Harrison suggests they go all out and put the show on national television to generate free advertising for Wallace and Davis, but Bob insists that it will have nothing to do with their business. Unbeknownst to Bob, nosy housekeeper Emma Allen has been eavesdropping, but she has only heard the part about free advertising, not Bob's rejection of the idea. Mistakenly believing that her beloved boss will be portrayed as a pitiable figure in a nationwide broadcast, Emma reveals what she has heard to a shocked Betty; the misunderstanding causes Betty to grow cold towards a baffled Bob. While this is happening, Judy becomes convinced that Betty will never take on a serious relationship until Judy is engaged or married.
She pressures a reluctant Phil to announce a phony engagement, but the plan backfires when Betty abruptly departs for New York City to take a job offer since Judy is taken care of. After rehearsals are complete and Judy reveal to Bob that the engagement was phony. Bob, still unaware of the real reason behind Betty's coldness, goes to New York for The Ed Harrison Show, but decides to stop and try to convince Betty to come back. Bob sees Betty's new act and reveals the truth about the engagement, Betty starts to warm up to him, but he is called away by Ed Harrison before learning what is bothering her. Back at the Inn, Phil fakes an injury to distract the General so he won't see the broadcast of Bob's announcement. On the broadcast, Bob invites veterans of the 151st Division to come t
Vladimir Sergeyevich Rosing, aka Val Rosing, was a Russian-born operatic tenor and stage director who spent most of his professional career in England and the United States. In his formative years he experienced the last years of the "golden age" of opera, he dedicated himself through his singing and directing into breathing new life into opera's outworn mannerisms and methods. Rosing was considered by many to rank as a performer of the quality of Feodor Chaliapin. In The Perfect Wagnerite, George Bernard Shaw called Chaliapin and Vladimir Rosing "the two most extraordinary singers of the 20th century". Vladimir Rosing's best known recordings are his performances of Russian art songs by composers such as Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Tcherepnin, Alexander Gretchaninov, Alexander Borodin and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, he was the first singer to record a song by Igor Stravinsky: Akahito from Three Japanese Songs. As a stage director, Rosing championed opera in English, he attempted to build permanent national opera companies in the United States and England.
He directed opera performances "with such acumen and freshness of approach that some writers were tempted to speak of him as a second Reinhardt."Rosing created his own system of stage movement and acting for singers. It proved effective in his own productions and he taught it to a new generation of performers. Rosing was born into an aristocratic family in St. Petersburg, Russia, on January 23, 1890, his father was descended from a Swedish officer captured by Russian forces at the Battle of Poltava. His mother was the granddaughter of a Baltic Baron. Rosing's parents separated when he was three, his mother took Vladimir and his two older sisters to live in Switzerland. After four years they returned to Russia to live in Moscow near Rosing's godfather, General Arkady Stolypin, Commandant of the Kremlin and father of Russian Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin. For a time they lived in the Poteshny Palace at the Kremlin as General Stolypin's guests. Rosing spent the summer of 1898 on his godfather's country estate south of Moscow near Tula.
He traveled with his mother to meet Leo Tolstoy as Yasnaya Polyana. At Tolstoy's request, Rosing's mother carried a message meant for the Tsar to General Stolypin, who declined to deliver it; when Tsar Nicholas II visited Moscow and his family attended a performance of Tchaikovsky's opera Eugene Onegin, with the baritone Mattia Battistini, at the Bolshoi Theatre. They sat in General Stolypin's box just a few feet away from the Royal Box occupied by the Tsar and his family. Rosing's parents reconciled the next year, the family moved back to St. Petersburg. Rosing completed his studies at the Gymnasium which lasted for eight years in Russia, the family spent summers on their country estate in Podolia, Ukraine. Russia was one of the biggest early markets for recorded music. Rosing's father brought home a gramophone in 1901, Vladimir began to listen to and imitate the great singers of the day, he learned a repertoire of arias, singing baritone as well as tenor parts. His real desire was to sing Boito's Mefistofele.
In 1905, Rosing witnessed the massacre in front of the Winter Palace on Bloody Sunday. He ceased being a monarchist and allied himself with the Constitutional Democratic Party. To please his father, a successful lawyer, Rosing reluctantly studied law at Saint Petersburg University, where he was active in the fiery student politics that followed the first Russian Revolution of 1905, he sparred in heated debates with future Bolshevik commissar Nikolai Krylenko. He acted as a student deputy to the Saint Petersburg Soviet where he heard speeches by Leon Trotsky and others. Rosing soon developed a lifelong animosity towards the Bolsheviks. Aside from politics, he focused on theatre; when his parents accepted the primacy of his musical interests, he began to study voice with Mariya Slavina, Alexandra Kartseva, Joachim Tartakov. In 1908 Rosing fell in love with an English musician, Marie Falle, whom he met while on holiday in Switzerland, they married in London in February 1909. He studied voice in London before returning to Russia to finish law school.
After spending the 1912 season in St. Petersburg as an up-and-coming tenor with Joseph Lapitsky's innovative Theatre of Musical Drama, Vladimir Rosing made his London concert debut in Albert Hall on May 25, 1913, he spent the summer in Paris studying with Jean de Giovanni Sbriglia. Sbriglia gave Rosing the technique and direction he needed to set aside thoughts of a career in law forever. From 1912 to 1916 Rosing released 16 discs on the HMV label, many of which were recorded by the pioneering American record producer Fred Gaisberg in St. Petersburg and London. In 1914 he signed a 6-year contract with impresario Hans Gregor to perform leading tenor roles at the Vienna Imperial Opera, but World War I broke out before the fall season started, Rosing returned to London. London's appetite for Russians and Russian music was high after Serge Diaghilev's historic seasons of Russian opera and ballet, Rosing's recitals in England soon became popular. In addition to his public recitals, Rosing was in demand as a performer for London society's exclusive "At Homes", where he became friendly with rich and powerful people like C. P. Scott, David Lloyd George, Lord Reading, Alfred Mond, Prime Minister H. H. Asquith and his wife Margot.
Rosing socialized with writers like Ezra Pound, George Bernard Shaw, Hugh Walpole and Arnold Bennett, his circle included the artists Glyn Philpot, Augustus John, Walter Sickert and Charles Ricketts. Rosing's ambition was to have his own oper