Anniviers is a municipality in the district of Sierre in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. It was formed through the merger of six municipalities in Val dAnniviers, Chandolin, Saint-Jean, Saint-Luc, the merger became effective 1 January 2009, creating the third largest municipality of Switzerland by surface area. Human settlement dates from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, the region was occupied by Gaulish tribes, who were conquered by the Roman Empire during the first century. Under Rome the valley was incorporated into the province of Helvetia, the present inhabitants of Anniviers are claimed to be descendants of Huns or a related people, who migrated to Europe from Central Asia, during or after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. An extinct and unrecorded language formerly spoken in the area is reported to have had similarities to Hungarian, a century later, the Hungarian cleric and historian Mihály Horváth says of the inhabitants, They say they are the descendants of the old Huns. The majority of them have light-blue eyes or grayish green eyes, blonde or brown hair, with large and bony forehead and they have a common nose, broad chin, prominent shoulders and neck, and they are in general low-statured.
Other cultural features including folk art and burial rituals are said to support this link. The valley was known as Annivesium until 1052, the Bishop of Sion owned the valley between 1116 and 1138 and donated it to the chapter. In the year 1193, the became a demesne of the Anniviers family. The property was returned to the bishopric in 1798, Ayer was first mentioned in 1296, and Chandolin about 1250 as Eschandulyns. Grimentz was first mentioned in 1052 as Grimiens, the village was known by its German name Grimensi. Saint-Jean was first mentioned in 1250 as de Sancto Johanne, Saint-Luc was first mentioned in 1267 as Lus and in 1304 as Luc, the name Saint-Luc first appeared around 1850, and was nout the official name until 1904. While the valleys first cart path was cleared in about 1300, the paved road dates from 1955, it was constructed to allow transportation of materials needed to build the Dam Moiry. The number of parishes increased from two in 1805 to five in 1932, by 1905 there were six municipalities, Chandolin, Saint-Luc, Saint-Jean and Vissoie.
Anniviers has an area, as of 2011, of 243.1 square kilometers, of this area,22. 0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 19. 4% is forested. Of the rest of the land,1. 5% is settled and 57. 1% is unproductive land, Anniviers has a population of 2,716. As of 2008,19. 5% of the population are resident foreign nationals, over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 14. 4%. It has changed at a rate of 14. 8% due to migration, most of the population speaks French as their first language, German is the second most common and Portuguese is the third
Vercorin is a village in the Swiss Alps, located in the canton of Valais. The village is situated in the part of the canton near Sierre, at a height of 1,320 metres. It belongs to the municipality of Chalais, in winter Vercorin is a ski resort and includes 35 km of prepared slopes on the Crêt du Midi. In addition to bus service from Sion and Sierre, there is an aerial tramway connecting the mountain village of Vercorin with Chalais which runs precisely every 15 minutes. Swisstopo topographic maps Media related to Vercorin at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Zinal is a village in Switzerland, located in the municipality of Anniviers in the canton of Valais. With the Dent Blanche, four additional 4, 000-metre peaks are located around the valley, Weisshorn, the village is a typical Swiss ski resort with 120 km of ski slopes and 19.5 km of cross-country skiing. In summer the area has 300 km of marked trails and some mountain huts such as the Grand Mountet Hut in the middle of glaciers, media related to Zinal at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal republic in Europe. It consists of 26 cantons, and the city of Bern is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western-Central Europe, and is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is a country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2. The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The country has a history of armed neutrality going back to the Reformation, it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815, nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. In addition to being the birthplace of the Red Cross, Switzerland is home to international organisations.
On the European level, it is a member of the European Free Trade Association. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties, spanning the intersection of Germanic and Romance Europe, Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions, French and Romansh. Due to its diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names, Suisse, Svizzera. On coins and stamps, Latin is used instead of the four living languages, Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product according to the IMF. Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with the former ranked second globally, according to Mercer. The English name Switzerland is a compound containing Switzer, a term for the Swiss. The English adjective Swiss is a loan from French Suisse, in use since the 16th century.
The name Switzer is from the Alemannic Schwiizer, in origin an inhabitant of Schwyz and its associated territory, the Swiss began to adopt the name for themselves after the Swabian War of 1499, used alongside the term for Confederates, used since the 14th century. The data code for Switzerland, CH, is derived from Latin Confoederatio Helvetica. The toponym Schwyz itself was first attested in 972, as Old High German Suittes, ultimately related to swedan ‘to burn’
Vissoie is a village in the district of Sierre in the Swiss canton of Valais. The village became an independent municipality in 1905 when it split from the municipalities of Ayer, however, on 1 January 2009 it merged with neighboring Ayer, Grimentz, Saint Jean and Saint-Luc to form the municipality of Anniviers. Vissoie has an area, as of 2011, of 1.5 square kilometers, of this area,0. 0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0. 0% is forested. Of the rest of the land,0. 0% is settled and 0. 0% is unproductive land, in 1905 the village expanded with the détachée des communes dAyer and de Grimentz. In 2009 Vissoie merged with Ayer, Grimentz, Saint-Jean, the blazon of the village coat of arms is Gules, an Ibex rampant Argent. Vissoie has a population of 375, most of the population speaks French as their first language, Portuguese is the second most common and German is the third. There are 6 people who speak Italian, of the population in the village,219 or about 48. 6% were born in Vissoie and lived there in 2000.
There were 103 or 22. 8% who were born in the canton, while 35 or 7. 8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. As of 2000, there were 181 people who were single, there were 241 married individuals,21 widows or widowers and 8 individuals who are divorced. There were 41 households that consist of one person and 11 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 161 apartments were permanently occupied, the historical population is given in the following chart, Vissoie is twinned with the town of Montferrier-sur-Lez, France. In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 49. 34% of the vote, the next three most popular parties were the FDP, the SP and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 222 votes were cast, there were 224 residents of the village who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 39. 3% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 205, the number of jobs in the primary sector was 2, all of which were in agriculture.
The number of jobs in the sector was 101 of which 22 or were in manufacturing and 80 were in construction. The number of jobs in the sector was 102. In 2000, there were 105 workers who commuted into the village and 93 workers who commuted away, the village is a net importer of workers, with about 1.1 workers entering the village for every one leaving. From the 2000 census,399 or 88. 5% were Roman Catholic, there were 2 who were Islamic
Grimentz is a village in the district of Sierre in the Swiss canton of Valais. An independent municipality before, it merged on 1 January 2009 with neighboring Ayer, Saint Jean, Saint-Luc, Grimentz is first mentioned in 1052 as Grimiens. The village was known by its German name Grimensi, however. Lac de Moiry is a reservoir completed 1958, lac des Autannes is located at an elevation of 2,686 m. Grimentz lies at 1,620 m altitude above sea level, the village lies in the Val dAnniviers in the Pennine Alps. The blazon of the coat of arms is Azure between two Mullets of Four Argent a semi-orb sinister of the same and on the chief of the last four Mullets of Five of the first. Grimentz has a population of 385, most of the population speaks French as their first language, Portuguese is the second most common and German is the third. There are 2 people who speak Italian, of the population in the village,229 or about 56. 7% were born in Grimentz and lived there in 2000. There were 65 or 16. 1% who were born in the canton, while 52 or 12.
9% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. As of 2000, there were 168 people who were single, there were 213 married individuals,18 widows or widowers and 5 individuals who are divorced. There were 49 households that consist of one person and 14 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 159 apartments were permanently occupied, the historical population is given in the following chart, In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 57. 69% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP, the SP and the FDP, in the federal election, a total of 243 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 76. 2%. There were 216 residents of the village who were employed in some capacity, in 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 229. The number of jobs in the sector was 10, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the sector was 63 of which 14 or were in manufacturing and 49 were in construction. The number of jobs in the sector was 156.
In 2000, there were 49 workers who commuted into the village and 29 workers who commuted away, the village is a net importer of workers, with about 1.7 workers entering the village for every one leaving
The Pennine Alps, known as the Valais Alps, and formerly called Alpes Poeninae, are a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. They are located in Switzerland and Italy, the Italian side is drained by the rivers Dora Baltea and Toce, tributaries of the Po. The Swiss side is drained by the Rhône, the Great St Bernard Tunnel, under the Great St Bernard Pass, leads from Martigny, Switzerland to Aosta. The main chain runs from west to east on the border between Italy and Switzerland, from Mont Vélan, the first high summit east of St Bernard Pass, the chain rarely goes below 3000 metres and contains many four-thousanders such as Matterhorn or Monte Rosa. Unlike many other ranges, the higher peaks are often located outside the main chain
Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
The encyclopedia is published by a foundation under the patronage of the Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and the Swiss Historical Society and is financed by national research grants. Besides a staff of 35 at the offices, the contributors include 100 academic advisors,2500 historians and 100 translators. The encyclopedia is being edited simultaneously in three languages of Switzerland, German and Italian. The first of 13 volumes was published in 2002, the last volume was published in 2014. The 36,000 headings are grouped in, Biographies Articles on families and it makes accessible, for free, all articles ready for publication in print, but no illustrations. It lists all 36,000 topics that are to be covered, lexicon Istoric Retic is a two volume version with a selection of articles published in Romansh. It includes articles not available in the other languages, the first volume was published in 2010, the second in 2012. An on-line version is available
Ayer is a village in the district of Sierre in the Swiss canton of Valais. An independent municipality before, it merged on 1 January 2009 with neighboring Chandolin, Saint Jean, Saint-Luc, Ayer is first mentioned in 1296. The blazon of the coat of arms is Gules tripant on Coupeaux Vert an Ibex Argent in chief four Mullets of Five of the last in cross. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, German is the second most common, there are 8 people who speak Italian and 1 person who speaks Romansh. Of the population in the village,254 or about 44. 6% were born in Ayer and lived there in 2000. There were 106 or 18. 6% who were born in the canton, while 92 or 16. 1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland. As of 2000, there were 209 people who were single, there were 295 married individuals,28 widows or widowers and 38 individuals who are divorced. There were 76 households that consist of one person and 11 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 229 apartments were permanently occupied, the historical population is given in the following chart, In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 51. 77% of the vote.
The next three most popular parties were the SP, the FDP and the SVP, in the federal election, a total of 333 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 63. 7%. There were 312 residents of the village who were employed in some capacity, in 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 254. The number of jobs in the sector was 13, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the sector was 116 of which 16 or were in manufacturing and 76 were in construction. The number of jobs in the sector was 125. In 2000, there were 52 workers who commuted into the village and 104 workers who commuted away, the village is a net exporter of workers, with about 2.0 workers leaving the village for every one entering. From the 2000 census,444 or 77. 9% were Roman Catholic, of the rest of the population, there were 8 members of an Orthodox church, and there were 8 individuals who belonged to another Christian church. There were 14 who were Islamic,38 belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 24 individuals did not answer the question.
In Ayer about 215 or of the population have completed upper secondary education
The Swiss Alps extend over both the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps, encompassing an area sometimes called Central Alps. The Swiss Alps comprise almost all the highest mountains of the Alps, such as Dufourspitze, the Dom, the Liskamm, the Weisshorn, the other following major summits can be found in this list of mountains of Switzerland. Since the Middle Ages, transit across the Alps played an important role in history, the region north of St Gotthard Pass became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the early 14th century. The Alps cover 65% of Switzerlands total 41,285 square kilometres surface area, making it one of the most alpine countries. The glaciers of the Swiss Alps cover an area of 1,220 square kilometres — 3% of the Swiss territory, the Swiss Alps are situated south of the Swiss Plateau and north of the national border. The limit between the Alps and the runs from Vevey on the shores of Lake Geneva to Rorschach on the shores of Lake Constance, passing close to the cities of Thun.
The not well defined regions in Switzerland that lie on the margin of the Alps, the Swiss Prealps are mainly made of limestone and they generally do not exceed 2,500 metres. The Alpine cantons are Valais, Graubünden, Glarus, Ticino, St. Gallen, Obwalden, Schwyz, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Fribourg and Zug. The countries with which Switzerland shares mountain ranges of the Alps are, Italy, the Alps are usually divided into two main parts, the Western Alps and Eastern Alps, whose division is along the Rhine from Lake Constance to the Splügen Pass. The western ranges occupy the greatest part of Switzerland while the more numerous eastern ranges are smaller and are all situated in the canton of Graubünden. The latter are part of the Central Eastern Alps, except the Ortler Alps which belong to the Southern Limestone Alps, the Pennine and Bernina Range are the highest ranges of the country, they contain respectively 38,9 and 1 summit over 4000 metres. The lowest range is the Appenzell Alps culminating at 2,500 metres, Western Alps Eastern Alps The north side of the Swiss Alps is drained by the Rhône, Rhine and Inn while the south side is mainly drained by the Ticino.
The rivers on the empty into the Mediterranean and Black Sea. The major triple watersheds in the Alps are located within the country, they are, Piz Lunghin, Witenwasserenstock, between the Witenwasserenstock and Piz Lunghin runs the European Watershed separating the basin of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. The European watershed lies in fact only partially on the main chain, Switzerland possesses 6% of Europes fresh water, and is sometimes referred to as the water tower of Europe. Since the highest dams are located in Alpine regions, many mountain lakes are artificial and are used as hydroelectric reservoirs. Some large artificial lakes can be found above 2,300 m, the melting of low-altitude glaciers can generate new lakes, such as the 0.25 km² large Triftsee which formed between 2002–2003. The following table gives the area above 2000 m and 3000 m