Vesterbros Torv is a public square located at the corner of Vesterbrogade and Gasværksvej in the heart of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is dominated by Elijah's Church; the square was established in 1850. Its triangular shape of the space was determined by a series of rope walks which used to be located at the site; the two buildings which flank Elijah's Church date from the establishment of the square. The church was completed as an infill in 1907, it is designed by Martin Nyrop. On the opposite side of the square, the two buildings which flank the passageway which passes through The New Theatre, one of them with a characteristic tower, was built as part of the large theatre complex; the theatre was inaugurated in 1908 and is built to a design which mixes Art Nouveaux with other styles. The Hercules Fountain was a gift from the society Hovedstadens forskønnelse, it was designed by the sculptor Rasmus Harboe who had created the reliefs on the facade of Elijah's Church. A plaque on No.
55A commemorates the World War II resistance fighter Erik Koch Michelsen. He was shot at the site on 3 March 1945. In 1901 city architect Ludvig Fenger fitted the square with underground lavatories. Similar facilities were constructed at the City Hall Square and Nyhavn
Helgolandsgade is a one-way street in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Vesterbrogade in the northwest to Halmtorvet in the southeast and is intersected by Istedgade. Located close to Copenhagen Central Station, the street is dominated by hotels. Helgolandsgade was not established until circa 1880, making it one of the youngest streets in the Inner Vesterbro area; the site was prior to that part of Gartner Hintze's market gardens. The main building faced Vesterbrogade and the area down towards the railway was planted with fruit trees and fruit bushes; the street was named after the island of Helgoland to commemorate the Battle of Helgoland in 1864. Many of the buildings in the street are hotels. Hotel Hebron is still owned by the association; the building was designed by Christian Mandrup-Poulsen. The 200-room First Hotel Mayfair is operated by First Hotels; the chain's Hotel Excelsior in Colbjørnsensgade on the other side of the block was merged with the hotel in 2016. Hotel Axel Guldsmeden is Guldsmeden Hotels' flagship hotel in Copenhagen.
The Andersen Boutique Hotel and Hotel Absalon, located on each their corner with Istedgade, are both operated by the Andersen Fonden. Borgerdydskolen's former building was designed by Frederik Levy; the school was founded in Nørregade in 1787 and a branch was opened in Christianshavn. It was disjoined from the parent institution and moved to Helgolandsgade in 1893. Værnehjemmet Bethania was built as a home for unmarried women at the initiative of Regitze Barner; the National Romantic building was designed by Emil Jørgensen. No. 2 is from 1875 and was designed by Georg Wittrock and Johan Schrøder
Vesterbrogade is the main shopping street of the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. The 1.5 km long street runs from the City Hall Square in the east to Pile Allé in Frederiksberg in the west where it turns into Roskildevej. On its way, it passes Copenhagen Central Station as well as the small triangular square Vesterbros Torv, it is one of the other being Nørrebrogade, Østerbrogade and Amagerbrogade. Vesterbroghade originates in the 12th-century country road that led in and out of Copenhagen's Western City Gate; the road passed Sankt Jørgens Bæk on its way to Valby and changed course. On 20 August 1624, Christian IV ordered that the road be cobbled, first to Vernedamsvej and all the way to Valby; the road was at this point called Alvejen ("The Public Road"= or Adelvejen but in 1650 the name was changed to Roskildegaden. Only buildings that could be burned down in the event of an enermy attack could be built outside the city's fortification ring and buildings along the road were therefore limited to a few inns and windmills until the middle of the 19th century when the city's old fortifications were decommissioned.
It is one of four such -bro streets. New buildings began to appear long the street in the 1850s; the Bing & Grøndahl porcelain manufactury opened on the street in 1853, In 1857, the Western City Gate was demolished and the road was widerned at the site which became known as Vesterports Hab. In 1866–67, Vesterbrogade was extended in a straight line from Tivoli to the Haymarket; the first section of the street, between the Vity Hall Square and the new Central Central Station, was laid out as a broad, tree-lined promenade. Among the buildings that were built along it, including Industriforeningen's new Exhibition Building from 1872 and National Scala from 1882. At the turn of the 20th century, Vesterbros Passage was the backbone in a westward expansion of Copenhagen's city centre. Most of the old buildings were replaced by larger ones over the course of the next decades. Industriens Hus is the headquarters of the Confederation of Danish Industries. An expansion and complete make-over of the building was completed in 2013.
Next to the building is the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens. Saxo Towers, a mixed-use complex consisting of four interconnected cylinders, is under construction on the other side of the street. Axelborg a bank building, now contains the headquarters of the Danish Agriculture and Food Council; the former SAS Royal Hotel, now operated by Radison Blu, was designed by Arne Jacobsen. His Egg and Swan chairs were designed for the building. AArbejdernes Landsbank has their headquarters in the so-called Panoptikon Building at No. 5. The small Savoy Hotel known as Løvenborg, is one of the earliest examples of the art nouveau style in Copenhagen; the building was designed by Anton Rosen who a few years also designed the two buildings that flank thDet Ny Teater in the same style. The Association of Danish Law Firms is based at No. 32. The Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society's former main building at No. 59 is from 1780s. It now houses the Museum of Copenhagen. A passageway in No. 65-67 opens the street Westend.
The former Vesterbro Pharmacy was built in 1853 to design by P. C. Hagemann, it comprises two buildings in the courtyard from 1883. One of them, a former laboratory building, now contains the cocktail bar Lidkoeb. Sorte Hest is the only surviving inn of the "four horses"; the building is from 1771. The buildings at No. 144 is the former Tvedes Bryggeri, a brewery founded in 1852. The two buildings facing the street are from the 1880s and were listed in 1980 while the production buildings to the rear are not listed. Bing & Grøndal's former premises, now called Bing's, has been converted into an office complex, it has a total floor area of approzimately 35,000 square metres. It is owned by Aberdeen Asset Management and was most renovated in 2015; the Liberty Memorial dates from 1797 and commemorates the abolishment of "Stavnsbåndet". Ole Christensen's sculpture The Flower of Vesterbro from 1990 stands on the corner of Vesterbrogade and Helgolandsgade. Værnedamsvej Dannebrogsgade Source
Halmtorvet is a public square in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located next to Copenhagen Central Station in front of the Meat District; the oblong square turns into Sønder Boulevard, a broad street with a park strip in its central reserve, which continues to Enghavevej at Enghave station. Copenhagen's haymarket was located just inside the Western City Gate where the City Hall Square lies today, it closed on 1 January 1888 and relocated to the area outside the new Livestock Market which had opened at the site in 1879. Market days were Wednesday and Saturday and up to several hundred loads of hay and straw were traded and distributed to cattle and horse stables around the city. Up through the 20th century, with improved infrastructure, livestock moved out of the city and horses lost their role in transportation, the haymarket closed; the area became associated with prostitution and drug dealing. The site was dominated by through traffic and goods transport; the area underwent gradual gentrification up through the 1990s and Halmtorvet was refurbished from 1999 to 2003 as part of a major programme for urban renewal in the Vesterbro area.
The first stage was designed by the office of the City Architect and completed in 2000. The second and third stages were designed by the Park Office of the City and carried out in 2003. In order to obtain a coherent space in the area a large gas regulator in front of the Brown Meat District was removed; the square has an oblong shape. To make the space more attractive to urban life, the new layout introduced one-way traffic, taken along a single lane on the south side of the square. A roundabout on the corner of the Brown Meat District, distributes traffic south and north of the Central Station. In the centre of the square, in front of Øksnehallen, there is an oval pool surrounded by large open spaces and playgrounds. Other areas have elevated flower beds with terraced sides. Other elements in the refurbishment include new paving and items of street furniture; the north side of the square is lined with residential buildings from the 1890s. The building between Lille Istedgade and Abel Cathrine Gade was built from 1897 to 1898 to the design of Emil Blichfeldt who has designed the main entrance of Tivoli Gardens on the other side of the Central Station.
Built in 1961, Borgenhus, at No. 20, is the only building in Inner Vesterbro under City Plan West, a municipal plan from 1958 for condemnations and urban renewal in the area. The south side of the square, from the roundabout up to the beginning of Sønder Boulevard, borders on the Meat Packing District; the original meat market was planned and designed by Hans Jørgen Holm in 1878 but over the years new buildings were added to the design of other architects, including Øksnehallen by Ludvig Fenger in 1901. The section closest to the Central Station is known as the Brown Meat District, it is the older part and dates from about 1900. The section closest to Sønder Boulevard is known as the White Meat District and was built in the first half of the 1930s to the design of City Architect Poul Holsøe. Halmtorvet 29 is the former headquarters of Alfred Benzon A/S. Halmtorvet is now lined on either side by restaurants. Part of the Brown Meat District, Øksnehallen at No. 11, a former market building, now serves as an exhibition venue which houses a broad variety of events and flea markets.
Husets Teater is a small studio theatre based in another building of the Brown Meat District. Borgenhus, the modern building at No. 20, houses Station City, the Copenhagen Police Department's police station for the city centre
Vestre Cemetery (Copenhagen)
Vestre Cemetery is located in a large park setting in the Kongens Enghave district of Copenhagen, Denmark. With its 54 hectares it is the largest cemetery in Denmark; the cemetery is landscaped and serves as an important open space, in which people take a stroll, look at the old graves and monuments. It is located southwest of the city center, between the Enghave, Sydhavn, Sjælør and Valby train stations on Copenhagen's S-train system, right next to the historic Carlsberg neighbourhood; the cemetery is one of five run by Copenhagen municipality. The other cemeteries are Assistens Cemetery, Brønshøj Cemetery, Sundby Cemetery, Bispebjerg Cemetery; the cemetery has a Catholic section, next to, a Jewish cemetery. Vestre Kirkegård was opened on 2 November 1870 to accommodate an urgent need for adequate burial places for the growing population of Copenhagen. Assistens Cemetery, till the main cemetery of the city, had long been unable to cope with the increasing number of burials. Hans Jørgen Holm, the resident architect for the Copenhagen Burial Services, in collaboration with landscape architect Edvard Glæsel and city engeneer Charles Ambt were responsible for the overall planning and landscaping of the new cemetery.
First a burial place for the poor, Vestre Kirkegaard became the principal burial place of Copenhagen during the 1990s. The cemetery is noted for its scenery, offers a maze of dense groves, open lawns, winding paths, overgrown tombs, tree-lined avenues and other garden features. Many graves have distinctive gravestones, sculptures or large mausoleums and are eclectically placed; the cemetery's grounds have a variety of trees with many rare species and is a haven to birds and small mammals. All the buildings in the grounds have been designed by Hans Jørgen Holm or Holger Jacobsen who succeeded him as resident architect for the Copenhagen Burial Services. Holm designed both the North Chapel and South Chapel as well as an office building the gate at the main entrance, it is unclear who were responsible for the design of the former inspector's house just inside the main entrance. The East Chapel was inaugurated in 1914 to a design by Holger Jacobsen but only remained in use until 1926; the Crossroads Project, designed by Schønher Landskab, is a landscape project centred on the remains of the West Chapel, now serving as a pavilion for contemplation.
It was created in 2003 after Copenhagen Municipality arranged a competition for the regeneration of an area characterized by the abandoned South Chapel of the cemetery and elm trees dead from Dutch elm disease. The complex is intended to serve a dual purpose both relating to the location's function as a burial place and as an open space and meeting place in the city, for those seeking peace and silence; the complex consists of two intersecting axes with the former Southern Chapel in its centre. The chapel was demolished, leaving only the central part as an open pavilion-like domed structure; the building is overgrown by ivy. The surrounding garden spaces of the two axes, creating a Greek cross, are confined by tall yew hedges and have a grass surface. Embedded in the lawns of the cross arms are narrow, rust coloured paths made of oxidized iron plates, flanked by rows by cherry trees. At the end of each cross arm is a 9 metre tall rust coloured iron arch; the design of the project is inspired by Bramante's Tempietto in Rome and the baroque gardens of Villa Gori in Siena.
The latter is characterized by the garden being contained in the two axes of the garden, instead of the axes being the connecting feature of the surrounding gardens as is the case. Just inside the main entrance is Arne Bang's bronze statue En Falden, installed in 1942 to commemorate the Danish soldiers that were killed when Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany on 9 April 1940. In the North Chapel's courtyard garden are two reliefs by the artist Henrik Starcke and Resurrection, which were installed in 1949, they were a gift from the Albertina Foundation. Nineteen British former prisoners of war, homeward bound, died at Copenhagen around New Year 1919. Among them were a Canadian, an Indian and an Australian from Tasmania; each has a Commonwealth War Graves Commission headstone and a fine memorial, given by the Danes, was unveiled in their honour in 1920. In the Faroese section is a monument created by the painter Elof Risebye; the monument in the Greenlandic section 19 was designed by the sculptor Jan Buhl.
Among the notables interred at the cemetery are political and business leaders, philosophers and musicians: Carl Aller, founder of Aller Media Hans Niels Andersen, founder of East Asiatic Company Herman Bang, writer Vilhelm Buhl, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister of Denmark Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen, sculptor Emmy Drachmann, novelist Edvard Eriksen, most famous for the statue of the Little Mermaid Jørgen Pedersen Gram, mathematician Gustav Adolph Hagemann and businessman Vilhelm Hammershøi, painter Hans Christian Hansen, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister Hans Hedtoft, political leader, Social Democrat Per Hækkerup, political leader, Social Democrat August Jerndorff, painter Thad Jones, American jazz trumpeter Viggo Kampmann, political leader, Social Democrat Prime Minister Asta Nielsen, film actress Dagmar Olrik, artist Carl Nielsen, composer Jens Otto Krag, political leader, Social Democr
Ludvig Harald Knudsen was a Historicist Danish architect. He designed churches, including St. Stephen's Church in Copenhagen's Nørrebro district. Ludvig Knudsen was born on 18 August 1843 in Copenhagen, he apprenticed as a carpenter and was admitted to the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in 1860 where he studied under Gustav Friedrich Hetsch. After his graduation in 1869, he worked for both Christian Ferdinand Meldahl. In 1871 he assumed a position as Building Inspector in Copenhagen, he designed a number of churches as well as various other sacral buildings. He was responsible for the restoration of the Reformed Church and the Garrison Church in Copenhagen. St. Andrew's Church, Denmark St. Stephen's Church, Nørrebro, Copenhagen Royal Orphanage, Copenhagen Bethesda Mission House, Israels Plads, Copenhagen St. Clement's Church, Denmark Shooting Range Wall, Royal Copenhagen Shooting Society, Copenhagen Church of Peace, Nørrebro, Copenhagen Rungsted Church, Denmark Architecture of Denmark