Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska
Matanuska-Susitna Borough is a borough located in the U. S. state of Alaska. The borough is part of the Anchorage Metropolitan Statistical Area, along with the municipality of Anchorage on its south; the Mat-Su Borough is so designated because it contains the entire Susitna rivers. These rivers empty into Cook Inlet, the southern border of the Mat-Su Borough; this area is one of the few agricultural areas of Alaska. The borough seat is Palmer, the largest city is Wasilla; as of the 2010 census, the population was 88,995. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 25,258 square miles, of which 24,608 square miles is land and 650 square miles is water. Denali Borough, Alaska - north Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska - northeast Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska - east Municipality of Anchorage, Alaska - south Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska - south Bethel Census Area, Alaska - west Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska - west Chugach National Forest Denali National Park and Preserve Denali Wilderness Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Lake Clark Wilderness As of the census of 2000, there were 59,322 people, 20,556 households, 15,046 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 27,329 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the borough was 87.55% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 5.50% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, 4.57% from two or more races. 2.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 20,556 households out of which 42.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.29. In the borough the population was spread out with 32.20% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 5.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females, there were 108.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.10 males. Schools in the borough are administered by the Matanuska-Susitna Borough School District. Matanuska-Susitna Borough was the largest of fifteen county-equivalents in America carried by Ross Perot in the 1992 presidential election. Vern Halter is the mayor of the Matanuska-Susitna Borough; the borough has a strong manager form of government. John Moosey is the borough manager. Long-time Manager John Duffy retired in 2010. Houston Palmer Wasilla Alexander Creek Dinglishna Hills In July 2018, the borough's computer systems, including the library and animal shelter, were hit by a ransomware attack, forcing employees to do without computers, using electric typewriters where available; the borough incurred over $2 million in costs. The method is thought to have been a targeted phishing e-mail. Matanuska-Susitna Valley List of Airports in the Matanuska-Susitna Borough Matanuska Formation official government website Borough Facebook Borough newsroom Borough map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor Borough map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area is a census area located in the U. S. state of Alaska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,029, it therefore has no borough seat. Its largest communities are unincorporated CDPs. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 25,059 square miles, of which 24,769 square miles is land and 291 square miles is water. Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska – Northwest Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska – North Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska – South Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska – Southwest Denali Borough, Alaska – West Yukon Territory, Canada – East Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Wrangell-Saint Elias Wilderness Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve As of the census of 2000, there were 6,174 people, 2,098 households, 1,506 families residing in the census area; the population density was 0.25 people per square mile. There were 3,225 housing units at an average density of 0.13/sq mi. The racial makeup of the census area was 78.99% White, 1.98% Black or African American, 12.71% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, 4.76% from two or more races.
2.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 4.29% reported speaking an Athabaskan language at home, while 4.02% speak Russian, 3.76% Ukrainian, 2.34% Spanish. There were 2,098 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.34. In the census area the population was spread out with 32.80% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, 6.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.60 males. Delta Junction Eagle List of airports in the Southeast Fairbanks Census Area Census Area map, 2000 census: Alaska Department of Labor Census Area map, 2010 census: Alaska Department of Labor Media related to Southeast Fairbanks Census Area, Alaska at Wikimedia Commons
Cordova is a small town located near the mouth of the Copper River in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area, United States, at the head of Orca Inlet on the east side of Prince William Sound. The population was 2,239 at the 2010 census, down from 2,454 in 2000. Cordova was named Puerto Cordova by Spanish explorer Salvador Fidalgo in 1790. No roads connect Cordova to other Alaskan towns, so a plane or ferry is required to travel there. In the Exxon Valdez oil spill of March 1989, an oil tanker ran aground northwest of Cordova damaging ecology and fishing, it was cleaned up shortly after, but there are lingering effects, such as a lowered population of some birds. In 1790 the inlet in front of the current Cordova townsite was named Puerto Cordova by Spanish explorer Salvador Fidalgo, after Spanish admiral Luis de Córdova y Córdova; the town of Cordova was named after it, although the inlet itself was renamed the Orca Inlet. Cordova proper was founded as a result of the discovery of high-grade copper ore at Kennecott, north of Cordova.
A group of surveyors from Valdez laid out a town site and Michael James Heney purchased half the land for the terminus of the Copper River and Northwestern Railway after determining that the neighboring town of Katalla was a poor harbor. Heney and his crew held a brief ceremony to organize the town on March 26, 1906. A week crews arrived to begin work on the railroad; the first lots in the new town site, which make up the heart of present-day Cordova, were sold at auction in May 1908. As the railroad grew, so did the town. Schools, businesses, a hospital, utilities were established. After the railroad was completed Cordova became the transportation hub for the ore coming out of Kennecott. In the years 1911 to 1938, more than 200 million tons of copper ore was transported through Cordova; the area around Cordova was home to the Eyak, with a population of Chugach to the west, occasional visits from Ahtna and Tlingit people for trade or battle. The last full-blooded Eyak Marie Smith Jones died in 2008, but the native traditions and lifestyle still has an influence on the local culture.
Cordova was once the home of a booming razor clam industry, between 1916 and the late 1950s it was known as the "Razor Clam Capital of the World". Commercial harvest in the area was as much as 3.5 million pounds. Returns began declining in the late 1950s due to overharvesting and a large die-off in 1958; the 1964 Good Friday earthquake and obliterated the industry. There has been no commercial harvest in the area since 1988 with the exception of a brief harvest in 1993. In March 1989 the Exxon Valdez oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef northwest of Cordova causing one of the most devastating environmental disasters in North America; the Exxon Valdez oil spill affected the area's salmon and herring populations leading to a recession of the local fishing-reliant economy as well as disrupting the general ecology of the area. After many years of litigation, 450 million dollars were awarded for compensatory and punitive damages. Cordova first appeared on the 1910 U. S. Census as an incorporated city.
It incorporated the year before in 1909. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,239 people residing in the city; the racial makeup of the city was 68.3% White, 0.4% Black, 8.7% Native American, 10.7% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander and 7.6% from two or more races. 4.2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,454 people, 958 households, 597 families residing in the city; the population density was 40.0 per square mile. There are 1,099 housing units at an average density of 17.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 71.11% White, 23.6% Native American, 10.07% Asian, 0.41% Black or African American, 1.34% from other races, 6.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.06% of the population. There were 958 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.6% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $50,114, the median income for a family was $65,625. Males had a median income of $40,444 versus $26,985 for females; the per capita income for the city was $25,256. About 4.3% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under the age of 18 and 6.2% of those 65 and older. Cordova is located within the Chugach National Forest at 60°32′34.1″N 145°45′36.59″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 75.6 square miles, of which, 61.4 square miles of it is land and 14.3 square miles of it is water.
The total area is 18.87% water. Cordova has a subpolar oceanic climate according to the Köppen climate classification system, with cool temperatures and heavy rainfall caused by orographic lift. Westerly winds coming off the North Pacific Ocean are forced upwards by the Chugach Mountains, which causes the air mass to cool and creates clouds and precipitation; the yearly average r
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
McCarthy is a census-designated place in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, United States. The population was 28 at the 2010 census, down from 42 in 2000. McCarthy is 120 mi northeast of Cordova at the foot of the Wrangell Mountains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP of McCarthy has a total area of 148.3 square miles. None of the area is covered with water, it is connected to the outside world via the McCarthy Road spur of the Edgerton Highway from Chitina, must be passed through to reach Kennecott, a destination of tourists seeking access to Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. From the end of the road one had to cross the Kennecott River and a smaller stream using manually propelled ropeways, but a footbridge was built in the 1990s. Visitors can walk to McCarthy in about 15 minutes, although shuttle vans and buses are available during the tourist season from the bridge to both McCarthy and Kennecott. McCarthy has a subarctic climate. McCarthy first reported on the 1920 U.
S. Census as an unincorporated village. With the closure of the post office in 1943, it did not report on the census from 1950-80, it returned again beginning in 1990. As of the census of 2000, there were 42 people, 26 households, 6 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 0.3 people per square mile. There were 47 housing units at an average density of 0.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 100.00% White. There were 26 households out of which 15.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 15.4% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 73.1% were non-families. 53.8% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.62 and the average family size was 2.14. In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 9.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 47.6% from 45 to 64, 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 147.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 153.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $17,188, the median income for a family was $20,000; the per capita income for the CDP was $16,045. There were no families and 15.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 65. For centuries, Athabascans hunted in the area of McCarthy. Chief Nikolai and his band of Athabaskan Natives had a summer camp at Dan Creek, 15 miles east of McCarthy, where they collected copper nuggets from Dan Creek, their permanent camp was on the Copper River at the village of Taral near Chitina where they fished for salmon. Copper was discovered between the Kennicott Glacier and McCarthy Creek in 1900, after which Kennicott Mine, Kennecott Mining Company, company town of Kennecott were created. Due to a clerical error, the corporation and town used the spelling of Kennecott instead of Kennicott, named for Kennicott Glacier in the valley below the town.
The glacier was named after a naturalist who explored in Alaska in the mid-1800s. Because alcoholic beverages and prostitution were forbidden in Kennecott, McCarthy grew as an area to provide illicit services not available in the company town, it grew into a major town with a gymnasium, a hospital, a school, a bar and a brothel. The Copper River and Northwestern Railway reached McCarthy in 1911. In 1938, the copper deposits were gone and the town was abandoned; the railroad discontinued service that year. Over its 30-year operation, U. S. $200 million in ore was extracted from the mine, making it the richest concentration of copper ore in the world. The population of McCarthy and Kennecott fell to zero until the 1970s, when the area began to draw young people from the many who came to Alaska in the'70s for adventure and the big money of the Trans Alaska Pipeline project. In the'80s, after the area was designated Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, it began to draw some adventurous tourists to the new national park.
The few people that lived there began to provide a variety of tourist services. There has always been at least one family living in the McCarthy area since 1953; the old mine buildings and colorful history attract visitors during the summer months. The Kennecott and McCarthy area ranks as one of the United States' most endangered landmarks by the National Trust for Historic Places. Emergency stabilization of the old buildings more will be required. In 2014, the TV show Edge of Alaska premiered on Discovery Channel; the show has caused controversy though, as many town residents feel the town is portrayed in a bad light due to the troublesome incidents that have occurred there. In an attempt to disrupt the Alaska pipeline, 39-year-old Louis D. Hastings, armed with a.223-caliber Ruger Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle, murdered six of the 22 citizens of McCarthy on March 1, 1983. The victims were Maxine Edwards, Harley King and Flo Hegland, Tim and Amy Nash, he wounded two people. In July 1984, Hastings was sentenced to 634 years in prison.
This case, the town of McCarthy, were showcased on the Discovery Channel's Alaska Ice Cold Killers episode "Frozen Terror". Https://books.google.com/books?id=DIG_9oBssrAC&pg=PA176&lpg=PA176&dq=mccarthy+alaska+murders&source=bl&ots=fdAGDpJope&sig=iYT244SPoiVH9sluH17FIaybBLE&hl=en&ei=U0uxS4q1FpLYsQOs0KCiAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CBsQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=&f=false/ McCarthy/Kennecott history Weather conditions from a remote weather station in McCarthy
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Whittier is a city at the head of the Passage Canal in the U. S. state of Alaska, about 58 miles southeast of Anchorage. The city is within the Valdez–Cordova Census Area. At the 2010 census the population was 220, up from 182 in 2000; the 2016 estimate was 214 people all of whom live in a single building. Whittier is a port for the Alaska Marine Highway; the region occupied by Whittier was once part of the portage route of the Chugach people native to Prince William Sound. The passage was used by Russian and American explorers, by prospecting miners during the gold rush; the nearby Whittier glacier was named for American poet John Greenleaf Whittier in 1915, the town took the name as well. During World War II, the United States Army constructed a military facility, complete with port and railroad near Whittier Glacier and named the facility Camp Sullivan; the spur of the Alaska Railroad to Camp Sullivan was completed in 1943 and the port became the entrance for United States soldiers into Alaska.
The two buildings that dominate the town were built after World War II. The 14-story Hodge Building was completed in 1957 and contains 150 two- and three-bedroom apartments plus bachelor efficiency units. Dependent families and Civil Service employees were moved into this high-rise; the Whittier School was connected by a tunnel at the base of the west tower so students could safely access school on days with bad weather. The building was named in honor of Colonel Walter William Hodge, a civil engineer and the commanding officer of 93rd Engineer Regiment on the Alcan Highway; the other main structure in town, the Buckner Building, was completed in 1953, was called the "city under one roof". The Buckner Building was abandoned. Buckner and Begich Towers were at one time the largest buildings in Alaska; the Begich Building became a condominium, along with the two-story private residence known as Whittier Manor, houses a majority of the town's residents. The port at Whittier was an active Army facility until 1960.
In 1962, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers constructed a petroleum products terminal, a pumping station and a 62-mile-long, 8-inch pipeline to Anchorage in Whittier. On March 28, 1964, Whittier suffered over $10 million worth of damage in what became known as the Good Friday earthquake; as of 2019, the earthquake remains the largest U. S. earthquake, measuring 9.2 on the moment magnitude scale, having caused tsunamis along the West Coast of the U. S; the tsunami that hit Whittier killed 13 people. Whittier was incorporated in 1969 and became a port of call for cruise ships, it is utilized about 100-passenger mid-sized cruise ships. When the Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel opened to public access in 2000, it became the first highway to connect Whittier to Anchorage and inner Alaska—previously, the only ways to reach the town had been rail and plane. After the tunnel expanded access to Whittier, it began to be visited by larger cruise lines, it is the embarkation/debarkation point of one-way cruises from Anchorage to Vancouver by Princess Tours.
Whittier is popular with tourists, outdoor enthusiasts, hikers, sport fishermen, hunters because of its abundance of wildlife and natural beauty. Whittier is located within the Chugach National Forest, the second-largest national forest in the U. S. Whittier is in the Chugach School District and has one school serving 38 students from preschool through high school, according to the 2015–2016 enrollment numbers. Whittier is located at 60°46′27″N 148°40′40″W; the only land access is through the Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel, a mixed-use road and rail tunnel. The town is on the northeast shore of the Kenai Peninsula, at the head of Passage Canal, on the west side of Prince William Sound, it is 58 miles southeast of Anchorage. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles, of which, 12.5 square miles of it is land and 7.2 square miles of it is water. Whittier has a subarctic climate under the Köppen climate classification, it is the wettest city in Alaska and the United States, receiving more annual precipitation than Yakutat and Ketchikan which are the second- and third-wettest cities in Alaska, respectively.
Whittier is located at the northern tip of the northernmost temperate rainforest. Whittier first appeared on the 1950 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it formally incorporated in 1969. As of 2015, there were 214 people living with 288 available housing units; the entirety of this population lives within the 14-story Begich Towers. The racial makeup of the city was 78.38% White, 4.05% Asian, 4.96% Native American, 3.60% Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 5.41% Hispanic, 9.01% from two or more races. There are 124 households in the town and the average household size is 1.79 people, according to 2014 statistics. Of these households, 56 are family and 68 are non family. 40.30% of the population is married, 32.34% are divorced. 51.78% of the population has children. The age distribution within the city shows that 13.96 percent of the population is under the age of 18, 3.15 percent is between the ages of 18 and 24, 23.87 percent is between the ages of 25 to 44, 52.25 percent is between the ages of 45 and 64, 6.76 percent of the population is above the age of 65.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,250 in 2014. The per capita income for the city was $31,624. Unemployment in Whittier was at a rate of 9.2 percent. City government consists of a seven-member council