click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Vale of Red Horse

The Vale of Red Horse called the Vale of the Red Horse or Red Horse Vale, is a rural district in southern Warwickshire, lying between the escarpment of Edgehill and the northern Cotswolds around the valley of the Stour. The Vale's main settlements are Shipston-on-Stour; the Fosse Way runs through the area and the Battle of Edgehill was fought on its fringes in October 1642. The 17th century Warwickshire poet Michael Drayton devoted a long section of his topographical poem Poly-Olbion to what he called the "Vale of Red-horse", noting it was in length "near thirty miles" and deploring its obscurity compared to the better-known Vales of White Horse and Aylesbury; the Vale takes its name from the hill figure of a horse once cut into the red clay near the village of Tysoe. The Red Horse of Tysoe, was first recorded in 1607, in its earliest form was nearly 100 yards long. Various dates have been suggested for the figure's creation, ranging from the Anglo-Saxon period to the 15th century, it was lost by the First World War.

The Vale of Red Horse has given its name to an electoral ward of Stratford-upon-Avon and an electoral division of Warwickshire. The modern ward boundaries, which include the villages of Tysoe, Whatcote, Pillerton Priors, Pillerton Hersey and Butlers Marston are smaller than the historic area of the Vale, considered to include all the low-lying ground separating the north Cotswolds from Edgehill. Vale of White Horse

Moncef Marzouki

Mohamed Moncef Marzouki is a Tunisian politician, President of Tunisia from 2011 to 2014. Through his career he has been a human rights activist and politician. On 12 December 2011, he was elected as President of Tunisia by the Constituent Assembly. Born in Grombalia, Marzouki was the son of a Qadi, his father, being a supporter of Salah Ben Youssef, emigrated to Morocco in the late 1950s because of political pressures. Marzouki finished his secondary education in Tangier, where he obtained the Baccalauréat in 1961, he went to study medicine at the University of Strasbourg in France. Returning to Tunisia in 1979, he founded the Center for Community Medicine in Sousse and the African Network for Prevention of Child Abuse joining Tunisian League for Human Rights. In his youth, he had travelled to India to study Mahatma Gandhi's non-violent resistance, he travelled to South Africa to study its transition from apartheid. When the government cracked down violently on the Islamist Ennahda Movement in 1991, Marzouki confronted Tunisian President Ben Ali calling on him to adhere to the law.

In 1993, Marzouki was a founding member of the National Committee for the Defense of Prisoners of Conscience, but he resigned after it was taken over by supporters of the government. He was arrested on several occasions on charges relating to the propagation of false news and working with banned Islamist groups, he subsequently founded the National Committee for Liberties. He became President of the Arab Commission for Human Rights and as of 17 January 2011 continues as a member of its executive board. In 2001, he founded the Congress for the Republic; this political party was banned in 2002. Following President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali's departure from Tunisia and the Tunisian revolution, Marzouki announced his return to Tunisia and his intention to run for the presidency. On 12 December 2011, the Constituent Assembly of Tunisia, a body elected to govern the country and draft a new constitution, elected Marzouki as the interim President of the Tunisian Republic, with 155 votes for, 3 against, 42 blank votes.

Blank votes were the result of a boycott from the opposition parties, who considered the new mini-constitution of the country an undemocratic one. On 14 December, one day after his accession to office, he appointed Hamadi Jebali of the moderate Islamist Ennahda Movement as Prime Minister. Jebali presented his government on 20 December. On 3 May 2012, Nessma TV owner Nabil Karoui and two others were convicted of "blasphemy" and "disturbing public order"; the charges stemmed from the network's decision to broadcast a dubbed version of the 2007 Franco-Iranian film Persepolis, which includes several visual depictions of God. Karoui was fined 2,400 dinars for the broadcast, while the station's programming director and the president of the women's organization which provided dubbing for the film were fined 1,200 dinars. Responding to the verdict, Marzouki stated to members of the press in the presidential palace in Tunis, "I think this verdict is bad for the image of Tunisia. Now people in the rest of the world will only be talking about this when they talk about Tunisia."As President, Marzouki played a leading role in establishing Tunisia's Truth and Dignity Commission in 2014, as a key part of creating a national reconciliation.

In March 2014, President Marzouki lifted the state of emergency, in place since the outbreak of the 2011 revolution, a top military chief said soldiers stationed in some of the country's most sensitive areas would return to their barracks. The decree from President Marzouki said the state of emergency ordered in January 2011 is lifted across the country immediately; the state of emergency was imposed by longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and maintained after he was overthrown. It was renewed. In April 2014, he cut his pay by two-thirds, citing the state's need to be a model in dealing with the deteriorating financial situation. Marzouki was defeated by Beji Caid Essebsi in the November–December 2014 presidential election, Essebsi was sworn in as President on 31 December 2014, succeeding Marzouki. On 25 June 2015, Marzouki participated in the Freedom Flotilla III to the Gaza Strip. On 29 June, during their approach to the territorial waters of Gaza, but while still in international waters, the flotilla was intercepted by the Israeli navy and taken to the port of Ashdod, where the participants were interviewed.

Marzouki was greeted by a delegation of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, but he declined to talk with them. On 30 June, he was deported to Paris and returned to Tunis on 1 July, where he was greeted by hundreds of supporters. On 2016, he is appointed by the African Union to oversee the Comorian presidential election. From a first marriage, Moncef Marzouki has two daughters: Nadia. In December 2011, during a private civil ceremony in Carthage Palace, he married Beatrix Rhein, a French physician.: Grand Collar of the Order of Independence Grand Collar of the Order of the Republic Grand Cordon of the National Order of Merit France: Commander of the Legion of Honour Morocco: Special Class of the Order of Muhammad Egypt: Grand Cross of the Golden Lion of Alexandria Niger: Grand Cross of the Order of the Niger Qatar: Grand Cordon of the Order of Independence The Maghrebian Medicine Prize Foundation Scanno Literary Prize The Price of the Arab Congress of Medicine Hu

IFRS 17

IFRS 17 is an International Financial Reporting Standard, issued by the International Accounting Standards Board in May 2017. It will replace IFRS 4 on accounting for insurance contracts and has an effective date of 1 January 2021. In November 2018 the International Accounting Standards Board proposed to delay the effective date by one year to 1 January 2022. Under the IFRS 17 model, insurance contract liabilities will be calculated as the present value of future insurance cash flows with a provision for risk; the discount rate will reflect current interest rates. If the present value of future cash flows would produce a gain at the time a contract is issued the model would require a "contractual service margin" to offset the day 1 gain; the contractual service margin would amortize over the life of the contract. There would be a new income statement presentation for insurance contracts, including a revised definition of revenue, additional disclosure requirements. IFRS 17 will have accommodations for certain specific types of contracts.

Short-duration insurance contracts will be permitted to use a simplified unearned premium liability model until a claim is incurred. And for some contracts in which the cash flows are linked to underlying items, the liability value will reflect that linkage. In South Korea there is concern that the use of current interest rates, rather than book yields, to discount the insurance liabilities will cause some insurers to show higher insurance liabilities. In other countries there are concerns about volatility of accounting results. IASB chairman Hans Hoogervorst regards the use of a current discount rate as one of the benefits of the new standard, stating that by doing otherwise "the devastating impact of the current low-interest-rate environment on long-term obligations is not nearly as visible in the insurance industry as it is in the defined benefit pension schemes of many companies." He stated that current discount rates would "increase comparability between insurance companies and between insurance and other parts of the financial industry, such as banks and asset management."

Other benefits Hoogervorst sees in the new standard are increased consistency across companies in accounting for insurance contracts and a more theoretically valid measurement of revenue. On 26 June 2019, the IASB released an exposure draft proposing several amendments. Comments on the amendments were open for three months, closing on 25 September 2019. In total, 123 submissions were received. IFRS17 text IFRS17 on ifrs.org

Rapid response team (resistance movement)

A rapid response team is a network of safe homes formed to hide and shield undocumented aliens from deportation by U. S. immigration authorities, along with an effort by the ACLU to provide legal assistance to undocumented immigrants facing deportation by the U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency, it is a counter to the threats of mass deportations made by Donald Trump. While it is easy for authorities to arrest undocumented immigrants in businesses and churches, since by federal law such places are considered to be public spaces, it is harder for authorities to enter a private home belonging to a legal citizen, since authorities need to obtain a warrant first before entering; the idea is to make it harder for authorities to arrest illegal aliens. Rapid response teams are more to be organized and led in sanctuary cities such as Los Angeles and Denver. Los Angeles-based pastor Ada Valiente hopes to establish a network of safe homes across southern California and elsewhere

Gandhidham–Kamakhya Express

The 15667/15668 Gandhidham - Kamakhya Express is an express train of the Indian Railways connecting Gandhidham Junction in Gujarat and Kamakhya Junction in Assam. It is operated with 15667/15668 train numbers on a weekly basis; the 15667/Gandhidham - Kamakhya Express has an average speed of 48 km/hr and covers 3118 km in 64 hrs 30 mins. The 15668/Kamakhya - Gandhidham Express has an average speed of 49 km/hr and covers 3118 km in 63 hrs 40 mins; the important halts of the train are: Gandhidham Junction Bhachau Morbi Wankaner Junction Surendranagar Junction Ahmedabad Junction Vadodara Junction Ratlam Junction Kota Junction Sawai Madhopur Junction Agra Fort Tundla Junction Kanpur Central Lucknow Charbagh Varanasi Junction Mughalsarai Junction Patna Junction Barauni Junction Katihar Junction New Jalpaiguri Junction New Cooch Behar New Alipurduar Kokrajhar New Bongaigaon Junction Goalpara Town Kamakhya Junction The train consist of 21 coaches: 1 AC II Tier 4 AC III Tier 10 Sleeper Coaches 3 General Unrserved 2 End-on Generator 1 Pantry Car The train reverses its direction once at Vadodara Junction As the route is yet to be electrified, it is hauled by a Vatva Diesel Loco Shed based WDM-2 from Gandhidham to Ahmedabad handing over to Vadodara Electric Loco Shed based WAG-5P locomotive.

Vadodara Electric Loco Shed based WAG-5P locomotive takes the train to Lucknow where Malda Diesel Loco Shed based WDM-3A completes the remainder of the journey to Kamakhya. Ahmedabad - Patna Weekly Express Dwarka Express Sabarmati Express 15667/Gandhidham - Kamakhya Express 15668/Kamakhya - Gandhidham Express

Rostroconchia

The Rostroconchia is a class of extinct molluscs dating from the early Cambrian to the Late Permian. They were thought to be bivalves, but were given their own class, they have a single shell in their larval stage, the adult has a single, pseudo-bivalved shell enclosing the mantle and muscular foot. The anterior part of the shell pointed downward and had a gap from which the foot could emerge. Rostroconchs lived a sedentary semi-infaunal lifestyle. There were more than 1,000 species of members of this class. 3 dozen genera and an greater number of species have been described. Rostroconchs are small, less than two centimeters in length, but larger forms, found in United States Devonian limestones, can grow to a length of 15 cm. Externally, rostroconchs look much like bivalves and rostroconchs had an extendable muscular foot, indicated by a prominent anterior gape in the rostroconch's shell, it seems, that the internal anatomy and morphology of the foot were closer to that of the scaphopods. Rostroconchs began their life as a small, bilaterally symmetrical, univalved protoconch planktonic larva.

The bilateral shell grew into two valves. Adult rostroconchs differ from bivalves. Unlike the shell of a bivalve, able to move or articulate, the shell layers of a rostroconch — the layers of rigid calcite— continue across the whole dorsal area of the rostroconch; the two valves would have been rigidly fixed in place, would have to have been broken periodically to allow the rostroconch shell to grow. The posterior of the shell contains a flattened tube, called the rostrum; the rostroconch burrowed itself into sediment, anterior first, leaving the rostrum above the sediment to be used as a water filtration system. Heraultipegma is the earliest primitive, rostroconch genus dating from the Late Terreneuvian. True Rostroconchs appeared during the Ordovician competing with the bivalves until their decline in the end-early Ordovician turnover. Early, primitive rostroconchs such as Ribeiroia had a hinge in which all shell layers covered the dorsal region resulting in a rigid shell. In Conocardium, a more advanced rostroconch, the outer shell layers do not cross the entire margin, suggesting independent steps towards the bivalve flexible hinge.

Some evidence suggests. PALAEOS, 2002, Rostroconchia. URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20090302181354/http://www.palaeos.com/Invertebrates/Molluscs/BasalMollusca/Rostroconchia/Rostroconchia.html. Accessed November 16, 2008