East Gippsland is the eastern region of Gippsland, Australia covering 31,740 square kilometres of Victoria. It has a population of 80,114; the Shire of East Gippsland called Far East Gippsland, covers two-thirds of East Gippsland's area and holds half of its population. The Shire of East Gippsland is confusingly referred to as East Gippsland, it excludes the Shire of Wellington. This article refers to "Far East Gippsland". East Gippsland's major towns include, from west to east, Paynesville, Lakes Entrance and Mallacoota. Smaller, but significant, towns in the more mountainous northern areas include Ensay, Swifts Creek and Buchan. East Gippsland extends from the western watershed of the Mitchell and Thomson River catchments east and north to the New South Wales border. Rugged terrain makes farming difficult with fertilisers; the major industry is considered to be forestry, which provides less than 1 percent of employment for the region. The East Gippsland Regional Forest Agreement was signed by Commonwealth and Victorian governments on 3 February 1997, is Australia's first RFA.
It covers a region not identical to the East Gippsland Shire. It sets aside 5,811 km ² from an increase of 1.3 % over pre-RFA reserves. Central Gippsland is covered by the Gippsland RFA, which covers an area similar to the Shire of Wellington, places 7,805 km² in reserves. Logging of native forests has caused sustained controversy in East Gippsland due to the unique species found in areas east of the Snowy River, the contentious public debate surrounding native forest old-growth, harvesting; this is despite managed forest having a mitigation effect in climate change. The major river basins of the Mitchell and Nicholson drain into the Gippsland Lakes, which in turn empty into the sea through an artificially maintained opening at Lakes Entrance; the area is a major tourist destination for watersports, is noted for its mild climate. The Great Alpine Road leads north from Bairnsdale into the Australian Alps via Swifts Creek and Omeo, onto the major ski resorts of Dinner Plain and Mount Hotham; this area is very popular for bushwalking in the summer.
The Buchan district is popular with tourists for its limestone caves. Further east, the Snowy River and several smaller stream catchments, including the Thurra, Genoa, Bemm River and Cann River, enter the Tasman Sea. More than 17,000 km² of East Gippsland is public land with 2,680 km² being national parks, two of the largest being Snowy River National Park and Errinundra National Park. Both are remote and inaccessible, but they are otherwise different. Snowy River National Park features dramatic gorges and powerful rapids formed by the descent of the Snowy River. Apart from gorges and southern slopes, this park is in a rain-shadow area forming the southern border of the Monaro Tableland. Many species more typical of inland New South Wales and Victoria are found here. Errinundra National Park is much wetter - inaccessible from June to October in most years - and features some of the most ancient forests in Australia, a matter of controversy as employment in the remote areas east of the Snowy is dependent upon timber milling.
Croajingolong National Park between Marlo and Mallacoota features extensive coastal heathlands and tea tree scrub, as well as the only major area of warm temperate rainforest in Victoria. The 4,193 km² of owned land is red gum plains, coastal plains, mountain plateaux and fertile river valleys. East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority Electoral district of Gippsland East Shire of East Gippsland Forests of Australia Official East Gippsland tourism website
Dargo is a town in Victoria, located 348 kilometres east of Melbourne, in the Shire of Wellington. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 99; the median age of residents was 63. The town provided a stopover for Victorian Gold Rush miners on their way to the goldfields of Grant and Crooked River; the Post Office opened on 18 March 1868. Today the town is a producer of timber and beef cattle, outside these industries tourism has become a major source of revenue; the town is a popular destination for four-wheel drive enthusiasts, sambar deer hunters, trout fishermen. An annual Walnut Festival ran through the Australian Easter holiday period and was well attended. Australian Places - Dargo
Division of Gippsland
The Division of Gippsland is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, it is named for the Gippsland region of eastern Victoria, which in turn is named for Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales 1838–46. It includes the towns of Bairnsdale, Morwell and Traralgon, it is one of two original divisions in Victoria to have never elected a Labor-endorsed member, the other being Kooyong. It has been held by the National Party and its predecessor, the Country Party, since 1922: it is the only seat the party has held continuously since its creation. On its new boundaries, however, it takes in most of the industrial Latrobe Valley. Prominent former members include Allan McLean, a former Premier of Victoria who served as a minister under George Reid. Then-sitting MP Peter McGauran announced his resignation in April 2008, sparking a June 2008 by-election, with the three major parties all contesting the election.
The Nationals retained the seat on an increased margin. Division of Gippsland – Australian Electoral Commission
Loch Sport, Victoria
Loch Sport is a coastal tourist town situated on the Ninety Mile Beach and Lake Victoria in Central Gippsland, eastern Victoria, Australia. At the 2016 census it had a permanent resident population of 814; this is an increase of 125 from the 2011 census. Though the number swells to 4,000 during the Easter and Christmas holidays. Before European settlement, the area was used for hunting and fishing, the collection of water yams and other vegetable food; some of their descendants still live in regional townships. Aboriginal middens are still present. In the 19th century British settlers began farming. Sandy soils dominate the flat coastal heath scrubland, surrounded by brackish lakes on the north and Bass Strait on the south. In the 19th century Melburnians discovered the recreational potential of the lakes—fishing and boating—and by the beginning of the 20th century Loch Sport was accessible via a dirt track, with plots of land surveyed for the nascent township. With increasing use of private cars, more people bought property in the town which, in 1980, was one of the last Victorian towns to receive electricity.
Loch Sport has a primary school, a bowls and tennis club, a caravan park, a marina, a pub, RSL club, boat club, service stations, police station & supermarket. Golfers play at the course of the Loch Sport Golf Club on Spermwhale Head Road. Next to the township lies the 2,390-hectare Lakes National Park which supports populations of kangaroos, koalas and many other birds, a wide variety of wildflowers, it is known for its large salt marsh mosquitos. Loch Sport Forums Loch Sport community website Loch Sport Caravan Park website
Woods Point, Victoria
Woods Point is a small town in Victoria, Australia and is located on the banks of the Goulburn River. At the 2006 census, Woods Point and the surrounding area had a population of 94; the town began as a general store built by Henry Wood, to service the gold diggings around the discovered Morning Star Reef. Wood's Point Post Office opened on 1 December 1862. By 1864, only three years after the discovery of the gold reef, the area had become a thriving town with 36 hotels; the town was subdivided into numerous suburbs, such as Waverly, Killarney and Morning Star Hill. Communication was established via a telegraph line to Jamieson, two local papers were in circulation. From the 1870s to 1890s, mining activity declined, the population dropped to between 100 and 200; the mining industry was revived in the 1890s, the population grew once again, with four hotels servicing the town. Much of the town had to be rebuilt following devastating bushfires in 1939; the Morning Star Mine continued operations until its closure in 1963.
The town now serves as a hub for recreational trail-bike and off-road four-wheel drive activities and contains one hotel and one general store/petrol station, Mini Golf course, tennis court and many camping areas, the most popular being J. H. Scott Reserve. There are three gold mines still active in the area surrounding the town; the town is still only accessible by dirt roads. Woods Point was again threatened by bushfire in December 2006 and a 2008 bushfire calendar has been released with proceeds going to the town; the general store in Woods Point closed its doors in late 2010 and a smaller version opened down the main street, just over the bridge. This store facilitates small diesel fuel sales while the Commercial Hotel is covering the unleaded fuel sales. Plenty of fuel for motorbikes. Morning Star, a publicly listed company, was operating the Morning Star mine, as well as other nearby projects, until it was placed into receivership in 2015. Media related to Woods Point, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Geoscience Australia place names: Woods Point Australian Places: Woods Point
Avon River (Gippsland, Victoria)
The Avon River is a perennial river of the West Gippsland catchment, located in the West Gippsland region, of the Australian state of Victoria. The Avon, forms an important part of the Latrobe sub-catchment, draining the south eastern slopes of the Great Dividing Range, to form the Gippsland Lakes; the Avon River rises on the south eastern slopes of Mount Wellington, below Miller Spur, part of the Great Dividing Range within the Avon Wilderness Park. The rivers flows in a meandering course south east south by southeast, joined by ten tributaries including the Turton River and the Perry River, before reaching its mouth to form Lake Wellington east of Sale and southeast of Stratford. Within Lake Wellington, the Avon forms its confluence with the Latrobe River, empties into Bass Strait via the Mitchell River south of Lakes Entrance; the river descends 664 metres over its 122-kilometre course. The upper reaches are contained in the rugged forested and inaccessible, Avon Wilderness Park; the river passes through forested hillsides cleared agricultural land.
Around Stratford the river has dug a wide channel up to 500 metres across, composed of sand banks and pebble banks. The river forms a boundary for the Macallister Irrigation District, with Nuntin Creek joining 10 kilometres downstream of Stratford contributing a large amount of irrigation drainage to the river. Considerable demand is placed on the Latrobe and Thomson Rivers for supply of Melbourne's water, industrial use in Australia's largest pulp and paper mill and the power industry in the Latrobe Valley, for irrigation; the Avon escapes diversion. The river was important to the indigenous Gunai/Kurnai people, highlighted by Knob Reserve, 3 kilometres south of Stratford, being part of the Gunai/Kurnai Bataluk Cultural Trail; the trail highlights the places of cultural significance to the first inhabitants across East Gippsland. In the Australian Aboriginal Brataualung language the river is given two names, with no defined meaning. Named the Avoca River by Thomas Mitchell, the river was named the Avon by Angus McMillan in circa 1840.
List of rivers of Victoria "West Gippsland Regional Catchment Strategy". West Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. 2012. ISBN 978-0-9805562-8-5. "Latrobe Catchment Ecosystem". West Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. 2012. Archived from the original on 6 April 2011
The Gippsland Lakes are a network of lakes and lagoons in east Gippsland, Australia covering an area of about 354 square kilometres. The largest of the lakes are Lake King and Lake Victoria; the lakes are collectively fed by the Avon, Latrobe, Mitchell and Tambo rivers. The Gippsland Lakes were formed by two principal processes; the first is river delta alluvial deposition of sediment brought in by the rivers which flow into the lakes. Silt deposited by this process forms into long jetties which can run many kilometres into a lake, as exemplified by the Mitchell River silt jetties that run into Lake King; the second process is the action of sea current in Bass Strait which created the Ninety Mile Beach and cut off the river deltas from the sea. Once the lakes were closed off a new cycle started, whereby the water level of the lakes would rise until the waters broke through the barrier beach and the level would drop down until it equalised with sea-level; the beach would close-off the lakes and the cycle would begin anew.
Sometimes it would take many years before a new channel to the sea was formed and not in the same place as the last one. In 1889, a wall was built to fix the position of a occurring channel between the lakes and the ocean at Lakes Entrance, to stabilise the water level, create a harbour for fishing boats and open up the lakes to shipping; this entrance needs to be dredged or the same process that created the Gippsland Lakes would render the entrance too shallow for seagoing vessels to pass through. Due to flooding in 2011, Gippsland Lakes experienced blooms of bioluminescent Noctiluca scintillans; the Gippsland Lakes provide a major hub for tourism for recreational boating and fishing enthusiasts. The lakes network can be explored by water taxi, or boat and kayak hire. On the fringes of the lakes are several tourist towns that swell to support the tourist trade in the summer months. Lakes Entrance is the largest of the towns on the lakes with a population of 4,500; the town is well serviced with resorts and facilities.
It is located with easy access to both the lakes network and the surf beach on Ninety Mile Beach, patrolled each summer. Metung is a small village located on the tip of a peninsula sitting in the Gippsland Lakes, surrounded completely by water, it is an upmarket tourist destination with many dining options and artisan galleries. Much of Paynesville’s accommodation and infrastructure are located on the network of canals. One of the key attractions is Raymond Island, known for its koala population; the diversity of the brine waters of the lakes, surf beaches along Ninety Mile Beach and fresh water streams that feed the lakes, make the Gippsland Lakes a popular fishing destination. Local fish varieties include bream, flathead and trevally. Paynesville, Lakes Entrance and Metung all offer a number of jetties, boat ramps and berthing facilities; the lakes support numerous species of wildlife and there exist two protected areas within: The Lakes National Park and Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park. The Gippsland Lakes wetlands are protected by the international Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
There are approximately 400 indigenous flora species and 300 native fauna species. Three plants, two of them being orchid species, are listed as endangered; the numbers of southern right whales and humpback whales using the Lake Entrance area show increases in recent years, as the populations have started to recover from illegal hunts by the Soviet Union with help from Japan in 1960s-1970s. The lakes are home to about 50 of the described species of bottlenose dolphin, the Burrunan dolphin; the other 150 or so of this rare species are to be found in Port Phillip. The wetlands provide habitat for about 20,000 waterbirds – including birds from as far afield as Siberia and Alaska; the lakes have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because they support over 1% of the global populations of black swans, chestnut teals and musk ducks, as well as many fairy terns. The Gippsland Lakes are, in order of size: Lake Wellington, 150 square kilometres Lake Victoria, 150 square kilometres Lake Reeve, 52 square kilometres Lake King, 44 square kilometres Lake Coleman, 13 square kilometres Lake Tyers, 9.5 square kilometres Banksia Swamp Gippsland's official tourism website - Gippsland Lakes Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Media related to East Gippsland at Wikimedia Commons Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park webpage at Parks Victoria Gippsland Coastal Board The Lakes National Park & Gippsland Lakes Coastal Park Plan Gippsland Ports Authority website Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee website East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority.
East Gippsland regional catchment strategy 2013 -2019. Bairnsdale: East Gippsland Catchment Management Authority. ISBN 978-0-9758164-6-2