Gijón Mariners is an American football team based in Gijón, Asturias. The team was established in 2001 by a group of players of flag football at the beach, they joined the Spanish league for the 2006 season, got included on the Western Conference of the LNFA 2. They played their first game on that competition February 19, 2006, against Zaragoza Hurricanes with a score against of 60–6. On their second season, again in the LNFA 2, they qualified for the play-offs and only lost on the last round for the championship bowl; the success of the merchandise made it possible to reach the top competition, the LNFA, on the 2008 season. They finished with a 4–4 record, the best for a rookie team on the league's history. Serie C: 2015 In 2012 Gijón Mariners reached an agreement with Pumas Dorados de la UNAM to exchange players and coaches from both clubs, as well as to share guidelines and training plans. Mark James Murray, from Marbella Sharks. Nadir Mutti, from Parma Panthers. Mauricio Diago Jaworski, ex-player of Borregos Salvajes, Campus Estado de México, Rivas Osos and Pieles Rojas.
Jesús E. Sánchez, ex-player of Pumas UNAM CU and Rivas Osos. Alex Stolz, ex-player of Tirol Raiders. Sergi Güibas, ex-player of Borregos Salvajes, Campus Toluca and Badalona Dracs. David Lozano, ex-player of Centinelas CGP and Palermo Corsari. Marco Antonio Pacheco Patraca, ex-player of Centinelas CGP and Troyanos. Official website Video Mariners
Shades of red
Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below. At right is displayed the web color pink. Though many believe it is a light tint of red, pink is its own color. Pink is considered to be a basic color term on its own. At right is displayed the color light red. Though similar to pink, this shade of red is 50% lighter red. At right is displayed the pinkish tone of salmon, called salmon in Crayola crayons; this color was introduced by Crayola in 1949. See the List of Crayola crayon colors; the color coral pink is displayed at a pinkish orange color. The web color salmon is displayed at right, it represents the color of the flesh of an average salmon. However, actual salmon flesh can range in hue from a light pinkish-orange to a bright red; the color displayed at right, red, RGB red, or electric red is the brightest possible red that can be reproduced on a computer monitor.
This color is an approximation of an orangish red spectral color. It is one of the three primary colors of light in the RGB color model, along with blue; the three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum gamut of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set, at a reasonable expense of power. Portable devices such as mobile phones might have an narrower gamut due to this purity–power tradeoff and their "red" may be less colorful and more orangish than the standard red of sRGB; this color is the color called red in the X11 web colors, which were formulated in 1987. It is called color wheel red, it is at zero degrees on the HSV color wheel known as the RGB color wheel. Its complementary color is cyan. Pigment red is the color red, achieved by mixing process magenta and process yellow in equal proportions; this is the color red, shown in the diagram located at the bottom of the following website offering tintbooks for CMYK printing:.
The purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of colors capable of being reproduced in printing. Psychedelic art made people used to brighter colors of red, pigment colors or colored pencils called "true red" are produced by mixing pigment red with a tiny amount of white; the result approximates the electric red shown above. The color defined as red in the Natural Color System is shown at right; the Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow and blue. The NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision; the Natural Color System is used in Scandinavia. The color defined; the Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue and chroma, spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the elongated oval at an angle shaped Munsell color solid according to the logarithmic scale which governs human perception. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors—red, green and purple.
The Munsell colors displayed are only approximate as they have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut. The color defined; the source of this color is color No. 032M—Red. The color defined as red in Crayola crayons is displayed at right. Red was one of the original colors formulated by Crayola in 1903. Scarlet is a bright red with a orange tinge. According to surveys in Europe and the United States and other bright shades of red are the colors most associated with courage, passion and joy. In the Roman Catholic Church, scarlet is the color worn by cardinals, is associated with the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs, with sacrifice. See Imperial blue At right is displayed the color imperial red. Imperial red is a representation of the red color of the Imperial Standard of Napoleon I; the first recorded use of imperial red as a color name in English was in 1914. Note: the RGB values for Pantone red and imperial red are identical; the name Indian red derives from the red laterite soil found in India, composed of occurring iron oxides.
The first recorded use of "Indian red" as a color term in English was in 1792. Spanish red is the color, called rojo in the Guía de coloraciones by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005, popular in the Hispanophone realm; the color carmine is a saturated red. In its pigment form it contains the red light with wavelengths longer than 600 nm, i.e. it is close to the extreme spectral red. This places it far beyond standard gamuts, its given RGB value is a poor approximation only. Ruby is a color, a representation of the color of the cut and polished ruby gemstone. Crimson is a strong, deep red color combined with some blue or violet, resulting in a small degree of purple; the color rusty red is displayed at right. Rusty red is a color formulated by Cr
Valencia València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 1.6 million people. Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million depending on how the metropolitan area is defined. The Port of Valencia is the 5th busiest container port in Europe and the busiest container port on the Mediterranean Sea; the city is ranked at Beta-global city in World Cities Research Network. Valencia is integrated into an industrial area on the Costa del Azahar. Valencia was founded as a Roman colony by the consul Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus in 138 BC, called Valentia Edetanorum. In 714 Moroccan and Arab Moors occupied the city, introducing their language and customs. Valencia was the capital of the Taifa of Valencia.
In 1238 the Christian king James I of Aragon conquered the city and divided the land among the nobles who helped him conquer it, as witnessed in the Llibre del Repartiment. He created a new law for the city, the Furs of Valencia, which were extended to the rest of the Kingdom of Valencia. In the 18th century Philip V of Spain abolished the privileges as punishment to the kingdom of Valencia for aligning with the Habsburg side in the War of the Spanish Succession. Valencia was the capital of Spain when Joseph Bonaparte moved the Court there in the summer of 1812, it served as capital between 1936 and 1937, during the Second Spanish Republic. The city is situated on the banks of the Turia, on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula, fronting the Gulf of Valencia on the Mediterranean Sea, its historic centre is one of the largest in Spain, with 169 ha. Due to its long history, this is a city with numerous popular celebrations and traditions, such as the Fallas, which were declared as Fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain in 1965 and Intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in November 2016.
From 1991 to 2015, Rita Barberá Nolla was the mayor of the city, yet in 2015, Joan Ribó from Coalició Compromís, became mayor. The original Latin name of the city was Valentia, meaning "strength", or "valour", the city being named according to the Roman practice of recognising the valour of former Roman soldiers after a war; the Roman historian Livy explains that the founding of Valentia in the 2nd century BC was due to the settling of the Roman soldiers who fought against an Iberian rebel, Viriatus. During the rule of the Muslim kingdoms in Spain, it had the nickname Medina at-Tarab according to one transliteration, or Medina at-Turab according to another, since it was located on the banks of the River Turia, it is not clear if the term Balansiyya was reserved for the entire Taifa of Valencia or designated the city. By gradual sound changes, Valentia has in Castilian and València in Valencian. In Valencian, the grave accent ⟨è⟩ /ɛ/ contrasts with the acute accent ⟨é⟩ /e/—but the word València is an exception to this rule.
It is spelled according to Catalan etymology. Valencia stands on the banks of the Turia River, located on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia. At its founding by the Romans, it stood on a river island in 6.4 kilometres from the sea. The Albufera, a freshwater lagoon and estuary about 11 km south of the city, is one of the largest lakes in Spain; the City Council bought the lake from the Crown of Spain for 1,072,980 pesetas in 1911, today it forms the main portion of the Parc Natural de l'Albufera, with a surface area of 21,120 hectares. In 1976, because of its cultural and ecological value, the Generalitat Valenciana declared it a natural park. Valencia has a subtropical Mediterranean climate with short mild winters and long and dry summers, its average annual temperature is 18.4 °C. In the coldest month, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 14 to 21 °C, the minimum temperature at night ranges from 5 to 11 °C.
In the warmest month – August, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 28–34 °C, about 22 to 23 °C at night. Similar temperatures to those experienced in the northern part of Europe in summer last about 8 months, from April to November. March is transitional, the temperature exceeds 20 °C, with an average temperature of 19.3 °C during the day and 10.0 °C at night. December and February are the coldest months, with average temperatures around 17 °C during the day and 8 °C at night. Valencia has one of the mildest winters in Europe, owing to its southern location on the Mediterranean Sea and the Foehn phenomenon; the January average is comparable to temperatures expected for May and September in the major cities of northern Europe. Sunshine duration hours are 2,696 per year, from 15
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Shades of blue
Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below. In this section, the term tint is used in its technical sense as used in color theory, meaning a blueish color mixed with white or light gray. Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors. With a hue code of 199, this color is a tone of azure; the first recorded use of baby blue as a color name in English was in 1892. The web color light blue is displayed in the color box at right. Variations of this color are known as baby blue, or angel blue. Within the X11 color system, with a hue code of 194, this color is closer to cyan than to blue; the first recorded use of "light blue" as a color term in English is in the year 1915. Shown in the right is the color periwinkle, or periwinkle blue. Another name for this color is lavender blue.
The color is a mixture of white and red. It is named after the Periwinkle flower and is commonly referred to as a tone of light blue; the web color powder blue is shown on the right. The first recorded use of powder blue as a color name in English was in 1774. Displayed at right is the color ice blue. Displayed at right is the color morning blue, it is a representation of the color of the morning sky. The year the first recorded use of morning blue as a color name in English is unknown. Source of color: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names --Color Sample of Morning Blue The color defined as blue in the RGB color model, X11 blue, is shown at right; this color is the brightest possible blue that can be reproduced on a computer screen, is the color named blue in X11. It is one of the three primary colors used in the RGB color space, along with green; the three additive primaries in the RGB color system are the three colors of light chosen such as to provide the maximum gamut of colors that are capable of being represented on a computer or television set.
This color is called color wheel blue. It is at 240 degrees on the HSV color wheel known as the RGB color wheel, it is a spectral color which lies at, or near, the short-wave end of the traditional "blue" and was classified as "indigo" by Newton. Its complementary color is yellow; the color defined as blue in the CMYK color system used in printing known as pigment blue, is the tone of blue, achieved by mixing process cyan and process magenta in equal proportions. It is displayed at right; the purpose of the CMYK color system is to provide the maximum possible gamut of color reproducible in printing by the use of only three primaries. The color indicated; the color defined as blue in the NCS or Natural Color System is an azure-like color shown at right. The Natural Color System is a color system based on the four unique hues or psychological primary colors red, yellow and blue; the NCS is based on the opponent process theory of vision. The “Natural Color System” is used in Scandinavia; the color defined as blue in the Munsell color system is shown at right.
The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on three color dimensions: hue and chroma, spaced uniformly in three dimensions in the Munsell color solid, shaped like an elongated oval at an angle. In order for all the colors to be spaced uniformly, it was found necessary to use a color wheel with five primary colors: red, green and purple; the Munsell color displayed is only approximate, as these spectral colors have been adjusted to fit into the sRGB gamut. In the 21st century, this hue is classified as an intermediate between cyan. Blue is the color, called blue in Pantone; the source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended" color list, color # Blue C, EC, HC, M, PC, U, or UP—Blue. At right is displayed the color uranian blue of Uranus. Blue is the color called blue in Crayola crayons. "Blue" was one of the original Crayola crayons formulated in 1903. In this section, the term shade is used in its technical sense as used in color theory, meaning a blueish color mixed with black or dark gray.
The colors arranged in order of their value, the brighter colors toward the top and the darker colors toward the bottom. Displayed at right is the web color medium blue, it is a shade of the standard blue. Displayed at right is the web color Argentinian blue, it is a light azure colour seen on the national flag of Argentina. Ruddy blue represents the coloring of the beak of the ruddy duck, it is a light shade of azure. Spanish blue is the color, called Azul in the Guía de coloraciones by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005, popular in the Hispanophone realm, it is a shade of azure. At right is displayed the color liberty; the first recorded use of liberty as a color name in English was in 1918. The source of this color is: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names --Color Sample of Liberty Egyptian blue is a pigment, used in Ancient Egypt. Ultramarine is a blue pigment in use since medieval times. Displayed at right is the colour neon blue. At right is displayed the color delft blue.
The name is derived from the Dutch pottery Delftware known as "Delft Blue". At r
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves; the offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, otherwise they turn over the football to the defense. Points are scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal; the team with the most points at the end of a game wins. American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football; the first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time.
During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player teams, the concept of downs; the sport is related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are present in Canadian football. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States; the most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world.
In the United States, American Football is called "football". The terms "gridiron" or "American football" are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia. American football evolved from the sports of rugby football. Rugby football, like American football, is a sport where two competing teams vie for control of a ball, which can be kicked through a set of goalposts or run into the opponent's goal area to score points. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6, 1869, between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams; the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, with the ultimate goal being to advance it into the opponent's goal. Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for several years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school.
Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19, 1873 to create a standard set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified. Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball. After playing McGill University using both Canadian and American rules, the Harvard players preferred the Canadian style having only 11 men on the field, running the ball without having to be chased by an opponent, the forward pass and using an oblong instead of a round ball. An 1875 Harvard–Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes; these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to "selling refrigerators to Eskimos." Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to intercollegiate play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879.
Yale player Walter Camp, now regarded as the "Father of American Football", secured rule changes in 1880 that reduced the size of each team from 15 to 11 players and instituted the snap to replace the chaotic and inconsistent scrum. The introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt. However, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records; each team held the ball. This "block game" proved unpopular with the spectators and fans of both teams. A rule change was necessary to prevent this strategy from taking hold, a reversion to the scrum was considered. However, Camp proposed a rule in 1882 that limited each team to three downs, or tackles, to adva