North Bergen, New Jersey
North Bergen is a township in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 60,773, reflecting an increase of 2,681 from the 58,092 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,678 from the 48,414 counted in the 1990 Census; the town was founded in 1843. It was much diminished in territory by a series of secessions. Situated on the Hudson Palisades, it is one of the "hilliest" municipalities in the United States. Like neighboring North Hudson communities, North Bergen is among those places in the nation with the highest population density and a majority Hispanic population. At the time of European colonization the area was the territory of Hackensack tribe of the Lenape Native Americans, who maintained a settlement, Espatingh, on the west side of the hills, and where a Dutch trading post was established after the Peach Tree War. In 1658, Peter Stuyvesant Director-General of New Netherland, repurchased from them the area now encompassed by the municipalities of Hudson County east of the Hackensack River.
In 1660 he granted permission to establish the semi-autonomous colony of Bergen, with the main village located at today's Bergen Square, considered to be the first chartered municipality in what would become the state of New Jersey. At the time, the area of North Bergen was forested, traversed by paths used by the indigenous and colonizing population and became known as Bergen Woods, a name recalled in today's neighborhood of Bergenwood. After the 1664 surrender of Fort Amsterdam the entire New Netherland colony came into the possession of the British, who established the Province of New Jersey. In 1682, the East Jersey legislature formed the state's first four counties, including Bergen County, which consisted of all the land in the peninsula between the Hackensack and Hudson Rivers. In 1693, Bergen County was divided into two townships: Hackensack Township in the north, Bergen Township, encompassing the Bergen Neck peninsula, in the south; the border between the two townships is the current Hudson-Bergen county line.
While settlement was sparse, communities developed along the Bergen Turnpike at the Three Pigeons and Maisland New Durham. French botanist André Michaux developed his gardens nearby. On the Hudson River, Bulls Ferry became an important landing for crossings to Manhattan. While ostensibly under British control during the American Revolutionary War, the area was patrolled by the Americans on foraging and raiding expeditions. On February 22, 1838, Jersey City was incorporated as a separate municipality, in 1840 Hudson County, comprising the city and Bergen Township, was created from the southern portion of Bergen County. North Bergen was incorporated as a township on April 10, 1843, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, from the northern portion of Bergen Township. At the time, the town included everything east of the Hackensack River and north of and including what is now Jersey City Heights; the entire region, now known as North Hudson experienced massive immigration and urbanization during the latter half of the 19th century, led to the creation of various new towns.
Portions of the North Bergen were taken to form Hoboken Township, Hudson Town, Hudson City, Weehawken, Union Township and West Hoboken Township, Union Hill town and Secaucus. During this era many of Hudson County's cemeteries were developed along the town's western slope of the Hudson Palisades. At their foot in the Meadowlands, the Erie, the New York and Western and the West Shore railroads ran right-of-ways to their terminals on the Hudson, the last building its tunnel through Bergen Hill at North Bergen; the area was important destination during peak German immigration to the United States and is recalled today in Schuetzen Park, founded in 1874. Further north, Nungesser's Guttenberg Racetrack became a notable and notorious destination which, after its closing, became a proving ground for new technologies: the automobile and the airplane; the development of Hudson County Boulevard, which skirts around the west and east of North Bergen, was completed in the early 20th century. By 1913 it was considered to be fine for "motoring".
The roadway is now known by its two sections: Boulevard East. Residential districts along and between the two boulevards were developed. Bergenline Avenue, a broad street which accommodated the North Hudson County Railway streetcars to Nungesser's became an important commercial and transit corridor; the two boulevard sections met at Bergenline Avenue, at the northwest corner of North Hudson/Braddock Park. Soon after the opening of the Lincoln Tunnel Approach, the Susquehanna Transfer was opened in August 1939 to accommodate passengers who wished to transfer to buses through the tunnel, it closed in 1966. At the time of its construction in 1949, the 760-foot WOR TV Tower, in the midst the residential Woodcliff Section, was the tenth-tallest man-made structure in the world; the tower was dismantled in 1956 but in 1967, about half a mile to the east, the 34-story, 369-feet Stonehenge apartment building was constructed on the tip of the Palisades. In the early 1960s two notable paleontological finds of fossils from the Newark Basin were made near the foot of the cliffs at one of several former quarries, the
Theodore Edgar McCarrick
Theodore Edgar McCarrick is a laicized American bishop, former prelate and former cardinal of the Catholic Church. Ordained in 1958, he became auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of New York in 1977 became bishop of the Metuchen, New Jersey in 1981. From 1986-2000, he was Archbishop of Newark, he became a cardinal in February 2001 and served as Archbishop of Washington, D. C. from 2001 to 2006. McCarrick retired in 2006 at the customary age of 75 but continued to be a prominent figure in the church well into the 2010s, remaining a globe-trotting diplomat on behalf of the Vatican and the U. S. State Department. McCarrick was one of the most recognized American cardinals in the world and a prolific fundraiser, was considered a power broker in Washington, D. C. where he was connected to prominent politicians. Within the church, McCarrick was variously regarded as a progressive. McCarrick was a champion for progressive Catholics active in social justice causes, but was "orthodox in his adherence to Roman Catholic dogma", opposing abortion and same-sex marriage and supporting the all-male priesthood.
McCarrick has been accused of engaging in sexual conduct with adult male seminarians over the course of decades, this was alleged to be an open secret in some ecclesial circles. Though multiple reports about McCarrick's conduct with adult seminarians were made to American bishops and the Vatican between 1993 and 2016, details of McCarrick's alleged sexual proclivities and allegations of sexual abuse against male minors were not publicly known until 2018. In June 2018, the Vatican removed McCarrick from public ministry because of credible sexual misconduct allegations. In July 2018, the New York Times published a story detailing a pattern of sexual abuse of male seminarians and minors; the emergence of these reports and the lack of action from the church hierarchy infuriated Catholics and sparked demands for action against church leaders believed to be responsible. McCarrick submitted his resignation from the College of Cardinals in July 2018, accepted by Pope Francis. Francis ordered McCarrick to a life of penance until a canonical trial could be held.
After a church investigation and trial, he was found guilty of sexual crimes against adults and minors and abuse of power, was dismissed from the clergy in February 2019. McCarrick is the most senior church official in modern times to be laicized – referred to as defrocking – and is believed to be the first cardinal laicized for sexual misconduct. An only child, McCarrick was born into an Irish American family in New York City to Theodore E. and Margaret T. McCarrick, his father was a ship captain who died from tuberculosis when McCarrick was three years old, his mother worked at an automobile parts factory in the Bronx. As a child, McCarrick served as an altar boy at the Church of the Incarnation in Washington Heights, he was expelled from Xavier High School in his junior year for missing classes. McCarrick missed an academic year due to the expulsion, but a friend in his family was able to help get him into the Jesuit Fordham Preparatory School. At Fordham, he was elected student council president and served in the ROTC program for the United States Air Force.
McCarrick studied in Switzerland for a year before returning to the United States and attending Fordham University. McCarrick entered St. Joseph's Seminary in Yonkers, from where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy and a Master of Arts in theology. McCarrick is a polyglot. McCarrick was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Francis Spellman, Archbishop of New York, on May 31, 1958. From 1958 to 1963, he furthered his studies at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. earning a Ph. D. in sociology. He served as an assistant chaplain at the Catholic University, becoming dean of students and director of development. McCarrick served as president of the Catholic University of Puerto Rico from 1965 to 1969, was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate of His Holiness in 1965. In 1969, Cardinal Terence Cooke recalled McCarrick to New York. McCarrick was an associate secretary for education and an assistant priest at Blessed Sacrament parish from 1969 to 1971, he was Cooke's secretary from 1971 to 1977.
He was accused of sexually abusing a male minor during this period. In May 1977, McCarrick was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of New York and Titular Bishop of Rusibisir by Pope Paul VI, he received his episcopal consecration on the following June 29 from Cardinal Cooke, with Archbishop John Maguire and Bishop Patrick Ahern serving as co-consecrators. He selected as his episcopal motto: "Come Lord Jesus"; as an auxiliary to Cardinal Cooke, he served as vicar of East Manhattan and the Harlems. McCarrick was named the founding Bishop of Metuchen, New Jersey, on November 19, 1981, he was installed at St. Francis of Assisi Cathedral on January 31, 1982. During his tenure, McCarrick erected new parishes in Perth Amboy, Skillman, Old Bridge, Three Bridges, he oversaw the development of the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women, Bishop's Annual Appeal, ministries for blacks and Hispanics, pro-life activities, the disabled. In 2001 a Catholic high school established in 1885 and renamed multiple times through the years, was named Cardinal McCarrick High School in honor of McCarrick as the first bishop of the diocese.
The school permanently closed in June 2015 for financial reasons. On May 30, 1986, McCarrick was appointed the fourth Archbishop of Newark, he succeeded Peter Leo Gerety, was installed at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart on the following July 25. During his tenure, he established the Office of Evangelization, ministries for Hispanics and v
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Michael Jay Wildes is an American immigration lawyer and politician who served as the 36th Mayor of Englewood, New Jersey. A member of the Democratic Party, Wildes served as a Federal Prosecutor for the Eastern District of New York and as a City Councilman for Englewood before he was elected mayor in 2003, he was reelected in 2006 and again in 2018. A nationally recognized authority on American immigration law, Wildes has been called "attorney to the stars" for his success in defending the immigration rights of his clients, many of whom are celebrities. Wildes is the managing partner of the law firm Wildes and Weinberg PC, he serves as immigration counsel to Pavia & Harcourt LLP, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Wildes' paternal grandfather, Harry Wildes, was a retail store owner who immigrated to the United States from Białystok, Poland, in 1920, his maternal grandfather, Max Schoenwalter, owned a paint company and escaped Nazi Germany in the late 1930s to immigrate to the United States.
Schoenwalter was instrumental in the creation of the Queens Jewish Center. Wildes' mother, Ruth Schoenwalter Wildes, was a prominent member of the Jewish community in Forest Hills, New York, where she lived and raised her family, she inspired the creation of the Manhattan Jewish Experience, established in her memory. MJE hosts the annual Ruth B. Wildes Memorial Lecture on her yahrtzeit; the memorial lecture has been given by Jonathan Sacks, Alan Dershowitz, Meir Soloveichik, Jacob J. Schacter, Norman Lamm, Adin Steinsaltz, Shlomo Riskin, Malcolm Hoenlein, several other notable speakers. Ruth Wildes died of breast cancer in 1995. Wildes' father, Leon Wildes, is an American Jewish lawyer, born and raised in Olyphant, Pennsylvania, he studied the Bible at Yeshiva College, where he obtained a bachelor's degree with magna cum laude honors. He was awarded both a J. D. and an LL. M from NYU Law School and went on to open his own law firm and Weinberg PC, in 1960. Leon Wildes attracted worldwide fame in 1972 when he defended John Lennon and Yoko Ono from a deportation attempt by the US government.
In 2016, Leon Wildes wrote a book, John Lennon vs. The USA, which recounted the details of the Lennon case. Michael wrote the book's foreword. Wildes was born on November 1964 at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, he was raised in Queens. Wildes is a graduate of Queens College of the City University of New York and the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, where he teaches immigration law as an adjunct professor. A community activist since the age of 14, Wildes was an auxiliary police officer with the New York Police Department from 1982–92, during which time he was a member of Community Board 6, a member of the Local Claims and Adjudication Board of New York State, a candidate for Democratic District Leader of the 28th Assembly District of New York State. In 1989, he became a federal prosecutor for the United States Attorney's Office, where he participated in several high-profile cases, including a corruption case involving former U. S. Congressman Mario Biaggi. In 1993, Wildes joined the law firm Wildes and Weinberg PC, where he represented several defectors who had provided difficult to obtain national security information to the United States, as well as high-profile immigrant parents, separated from their children.
Wildes obtained visas, green cards, helped navigate the naturalization process for his foreign clients, including artists, athletes and businesspeople. In 1998, Wildes was elected to the Englewood, New Jersey City Council, serving two terms until 2003, he testified in front of Congress about anti-terrorism legislation in 1999, at the request of U. S. Representative Rob Andrews. In 2003, Wildes ran for Mayor of the City of Englewood, New Jersey, a position he held for two terms from 2004-10. Wildes was raised in a high-achieving Modern Orthodox Jewish home in the Jewish tradition of tikkun olam, his brother, Mark, is a Rabbi. Wildes began volunteering with his local chevra kadisha, a group of men and women who ensure that dead bodies are properly buried according to Jewish law, when he was 14, he interned with Congressman Gary Ackerman and Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro when he was 18. Wildes received a B. A. magne cum laude in political science from Queens College of the City University of New York in January 1986, earned a J.
D. from the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law in June 1989; as an undergraduate at Queens College, Wildes was awarded honors in political science from the Queen's College Division of Social Sciences, was elected to Pi Sigma Alpha. He made the Dean's list, his State Bar Admissions include New York, New Jersey, Washington D. C. Wildes served with the New York Police Department as an auxiliary police officer from 1982 to 1992, serving throughout his time as a law student and member of Community Board 6; as a member of the 112th NYPD precinct, he lectured on crime prevention and public safety in New York homes and community centers. In 1991, he resigned from the NYPD. Wildes served with the United States Attorney's Office in Brooklyn from 1989–93 and testified on Capitol Hill in connection with anti-terrorism legislation, he served as a Special Assistant U. S. Attorney until he retired from the U. S. Attorney's Office in 1993 to join his father's law firm. Biaggi case In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Wildes was a federal prosecutor in former Congressman Mario Biaggi's corruption case.
Biaggi had been attempting to avoid paying an $872,000 corruption fine, would not reveal where he was hiding the money he had made after getting out of jail in 199
New Bridge Medical Center
Bergen New Bridge Medical Center is an acute and long term care hospital located in Paramus, New Jersey, USA. The hospital campus houses a nursing home and a mental health facility. Official website
New Jersey Senate
The New Jersey Senate was established as the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature by the Constitution of 1844, replacing the Legislative Council. There are 40 legislative districts, representing districts with average populations of 210,359; each district has one senator and two members of the New Jersey General Assembly, the lower house of the legislature. Prior to the election in which they are chosen, senators must be a minimum of 30 years old and a resident of the state for four years to be eligible to serve in office. From 1844 until 1965, each county was an electoral district, with each county electing one senator. Under the 1844 Constitution the term of office was three years; the 1947 Constitution changed the term to four years. Since 1968 it has consisted of 40 senators. Senators serve a two-year term at the beginning of each decade, with the rest of the decade divided into two four-year terms; the "2-4-4" cycle was put into place so that Senate elections can reflect the changes made to the district boundaries on the basis of the decennial United States Census.
If the cycle were not put into place the boundaries would sometimes be four years out of date before being used for Senate elections. Rather, with the varied term, the boundaries are only two years out of date, thus elections for Senate seats take place in years ending with a "1", "3" or "7". Interim appointments are made to fill vacant legislative seats by the county committee or committees of the party of the vacating person; the office is on the ballot for the next general election, unless the vacancy occurred within 51 days of the election. The appointment stands until the following general election. Senatorial courtesy is a senate tradition that allows home county legislators to intercede to prevent consideration of a local resident nominated by the Governor for a position that requires Senate confirmation. Any of the senators from the nominee's home county can invoke senatorial courtesy to block a nomination, temporarily or permanently, without any obligation to justify the basis of their actions.
Governor Corzine nominated Stuart Rabner on June 4, 2007, to be the next Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, replacing James R. Zazzali, nearing mandatory retirement age. Shortly after the nomination, two members of the Senate from Essex County, where Rabner resides, blocked consideration of his confirmation by invoking senatorial courtesy. State Senator Ronald Rice had blocked the nomination, but relented on June 15, 2007, after a meeting with the governor. Nia Gill dropped her block on June 19, 2007, but did not explain the nature of her concerns, though anonymous lawmakers cited in The New York Times indicated that the objection was due to Rabner's race and Governor Corzine's failure to consider a minority candidate for the post. In June 2007, Loretta Weinberg used senatorial courtesy privileges to hold up consideration of a new term in office for Bergen County Prosecutor John Molinelli; until 2010, in the event of a gubernatorial vacancy, the New Jersey Constitution had specified that the President of the Senate would assume the role of Acting Governor and retain their role in the Senate.
An Acting Governor would assume the governorship while retaining the reins of power in their house of the legislature. The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey took office for the first time on January 19, 2010, following conjoint election with the Governor of New Jersey; the position was created as the result of a Constitutional amendment to the New Jersey State Constitution passed by the voters on November 8, 2005. While the amendment itself took effect as of January 17, 2006, made some interim changes to the succession to the governorship, the first lieutenant governor was not elected until November 3, 2009. District 1: Bob Andrzejczak District 2: Chris A. Brown District 3: Stephen M. Sweeney District 4: Fred H. Madden District 5: Nilsa Cruz-Perez District 6: James Beach District 7: Troy Singleton District 8: Dawn Marie Addiego District 9: Christopher J. Connors District 10: James W. Holzapfel District 11: Vin Gopal District 12: Samuel D. Thompson District 13: Declan O'Scanlon District 14: Linda R. Greenstein District 15: Shirley Turner District 16: Christopher Bateman District 17: Bob Smith District 18: Patrick J. Diegnan District 19: Joseph Vitale District 20: Joseph Cryan District 21: Thomas Kean, Jr. District 22: Nicholas Scutari District 23: Michael J. Doherty District 24: Steve Oroho District 25: Anthony Bucco District 26: Joseph Pennacchio District 27: Richard Codey District 28: Ronald Rice District 29: Teresa Ruiz District 30: Robert Singer District 31: Sandra Bolden Cunningham District 32: Nicholas Sacco District 33: Brian P. Stack District 34: Nia Gill District 35: Nellie Pou District 36: Paul Sarlo District 37: Loretta Weinberg District 38: Joseph Lagana District 39: Gerald Cardinale District 40: Kristin Corrado Committee chairs for the 2018-2019 Legislative Session are: Budget and Appropriations - Paul Sarlo Commerce - Nellie Pou Community and Urban Affairs - Jeff Van Drew Economic Growth - Nilsa Cruz-Perez Education - Teresa Ruiz Environment and Energy - Bob Smith Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens - Joseph Vitale Higher Education - Sandra Bolden Cunningh