Michael Lance Wieringo, who sometimes signed his work under the name Ringo, was an American comics artist best known for his work on DC Comics' The Flash, Marvel Comics' Spider-Man, his own creator-owned series, Tellos. In 2017, the Ringo Award was created in honor of Wieringo, it is presented at the Baltimore Comic-Con to recognize achievement in the comics industry. Michael Lance Wieringo was born in Vicenza, Italy, on June 24, 1963 to Cecil E. and Shirley Dean Wieringo, who live in Lynchburg, Virginia. He has a brother named Matt. Wieringo became interested in comics through his father, an avid reader. Wieringo began drawing comics when he was 11, he studied fashion illustration at Virginia Commonwealth University, though he began to consider drawing comics as a profession, showed his artwork at comics convention during his college years. Soon after graduating, he determined that that field was "dying out". Realizing that he did not possess the fortitude for commercial illustration, he decided to draw comic books.
Wieringo's first professionally published work was Doc Savage: Doom Dynasty #1, published by Millennium Publications in 1991. Editor Mark Ellis had to overrule his partner to give the fledgling artist his first assignment. Wieringo took his samples to the 1992 San Diego Comic Con, where he met DC Comics group editor of creative services Neil Pozner, who showed Wieringo's art to other DC editors, he was given his first work, a story in Justice League Quarterly #11. That was followed by a second JLQ in issue #12; the Flash editor Brian Augustyn asked Wieringo to try out for The Flash. After submitting some sample pages of the Flash running, Wieringo was offered the penciling duties on Volume 2 of that series, on which he was paired with writer Mark Waid, on which he rose to prominence in the industry, drawing all but two issues from #80–92, plus #0, he additionally penciled covers through #100, #118–124, 128–129, for The Flash 80-Page Giant #2. Wieringo and Waid co-created the young speedster a.k.a..
Impulse, in The Flash vol. 2 #91 and #92. Wieringo followed this with a short run on Robin, another DC title, with writer Chuck Dixon, while concurrently penciling Marvel Comics' Rogue #1–4, a miniseries starring that X-Men superheroine. During this period, he penciled occasional covers and small miscellaneous jobs for Marvel Comics. Other work around this time included penciling the cover and co-penciling the lead story of Firearm #0 and penciling the back cover and one story in Godwheel #2 for Malibu Comics, he penciled the cover of Explorers #2 for Explorer Press. After having penciled the Spider-Boy #1 one-shot, which combined Spider-Man and Superboy as part of the Marvel Comics–DC Comics intercompany crossover series of one-shots Amalgam Comics, Wieringo became the regular artist on Marvel's The Sensational Spider-Man, beginning with issue #8. Teaming with writer Todd Dezago, Wieringo penciled all but eight issues from #8–31, some covers on issues he did not pencil. Additionally, Wieringo co-plotted several issues and penciled the quirkily numbered flashback issue, # −1.
During his run he signed a two–year contract with Marvel, beginning December 1997. After Spider-Man, Wieringo's next major project was at Image Comics, where he reteamed with Dezago on their creator-owned fantasy series Tellos; the comic, a coming-of-age adventure set in a magical, piratical world, ran 10 issues. The last three issues were released by Gorilla Comics, a short-lived Image imprint co-founded by Wieringo and several other creators in 2000. Following the demise of the series, Wieringo penciled one 13–page story in a post-series one-shot, Tellos: Maiden Voyage #1. Wieringo returned to DC Comics for all but one issue of The Adventures of Superman #592–600, with writer Joe Casey, he returned to Marvel and reunited with writer Mark Waid on Fantastic Four. Beginning with #60, Wieringo drew 27 issues of Waid's 36 issues, wrapping up their run with #524, by which time the relaunched series had returned to its original numbering; the comics-hobbyist webzine Newsarama commented that the Waid–Wieringo run "was best known for fan outcry when Marvel announced that going to replace the team.
Marvel reversed decision, the two completed their run on the series". Wieringo penciled the interior art on issues #1–5 and #8–10 of Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man and was the cover artist of #1–19, he and writer Jeff Parker began work on the miniseries Spider-Man and the Fantastic Four in April 2007. Wieringo explained the philosophy behind his drawing style thus: "I just try to keep things fun. I like to do fun comics, it doesn't have to be realistic to be believable. In fact, I sometimes think that funny might add something to certain books." When he began illustrating the Rogue miniseries, he was intimidated by the dark tone of that book's story, but once he finished the first issue, the editors decided to light up the "grim and gritty" tone of the story. On August 12, 2007, Wieringo died of an aortic dissection at his home in Durham, North Carolina, at age 44, he was survived by his parents and Shirley Dean Wieringo, his brother Matt. Mirage Comics' Tales Of TMNT #40, Image Comics' Elephantmen #11 and The Walking Dead #42, Marvel Comics' Spider-Man: Family #7 were dedicated to his memory.
At the time of his death, Wieringo had completed seven pages of a What If? Story featuring the temporary "replaceme
A secret identity is a person's alter ego, not known to the general populace, most used in fiction. Brought into popular culture by the Scarlet Pimpernel in 1903, the concept is prevalent in the American comic book genre, is a more genre-specific version of the broader trope of the masquerade. In American comic books, a character has dual identities, with one identity being the superhero persona and the other being the secret identity; the secret identity is the superhero's civilian persona when they are not assuming the superhero persona. It is kept hidden from their enemies and the general public to protect themselves from legal ramifications, pressure, or public scrutiny, as well as to protect their friends and loved ones from harm secondary to their actions as superheroes; the secret identity consists of the superhero's given birth name and may involve an occupation they had before becoming a superhero. This is in contrast to the superhero identity, which utilizes a pseudonym and sometimes a mask to complete a costume to conceal the superhero's secret identity.
To help further preserve the anonymity of secret identities, characters may use eyeglasses, particular clothing, or display a different set of personal characteristics when assuming the secret identity persona. For example, the superhero Batman's secret identity is Bruce Wayne, a billionaire, known to the public for his affluent playboy lifestyle. Another example is Superman, who does not wear a mask when he is in costume, but wears eyeglasses and appears mild-mannered when he assumes his secret identity of Clark Kent. Types of characters that may have secret identities include heroes, thieves, supervillains, aliens, "monsters". A character may have several secret identities such as adopted names or undercover identities. Myth and legend is filled with stories of gods or heroes who took on other identities for various purposes. A significant precursor to the 20th century concept of a secret identity in fiction is The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas, a huguely popular story, dramatized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In this story, the protagonist Edmund Dantes takes on the identity of the mysterious Count of Monte Cristo in order to carry out his plan of revenge against the men who were responsible for his downfall and imprisonment. The modern popular culture use of secret identities begins in the early 20th century with characters such as the Scarlet Pimpernel, Jimmie Dale, the Gray Seal and the Lone Ranger. A line in the novel The Scarlet Pimpernel reads, "Because the Scarlet Pimpernel works in the dark, his identity is only known under the solemn oath of secrecy to his immediate followers." The Scarlet Pimpernel is the name of a chivalrous Englishman, Sir Percy Blakeney, who exhibits characteristics that would become standard superhero conventions, including the penchant for disguise, use of a signature weapon, ability to out-think and outwit his adversaries, a calling card. By drawing attention to his alter ego Blakeney he hides behind his public face as a slow thinking foppish playboy, he establishes a network of supporters, The League of the Scarlet Pimpernel, that aid his endeavours.
Starting in the 1930s, the concept of crime-fighters and vigilantes adopting secret identities became more widespread in dime novels, pulp magazines, comic books, old-time radio dramas, movie serials, other popular fiction and such characters remain popular to this day. Superman appeared in Action Comics in 1938 as one of the forerunners amongst a list of superhero debuts; the artistic purpose of the secret identity on the part of the writers is that it allows the characters to have ordinary lives, which can allow for human drama as well as create tension with the effort needed to preserve the secret. This can include challenges such as throwing off the suspicions of associates who suspect, the need to improvise means to get out of sight to change identities, and superhuman characters may benefit from an everyman aspect through having a secret identity, giving them a sympathetic link to their audience. For example, Captain Marvel's secret identity is a boy named Billy Batson - a deliberate attempt to play on the daydreams of a young readership.
Some common motivations for a character to keep a secret identity include: Allowing the character to live a "normal life" when not fighting crime. Preventing the hero's enemies from seeking revenge on others the hero may care about. Giving the hero an advantage in crime fighting. Gaining timely information on incidents as they happen through their occupation or that of their associates. Gaining information on criminal investigations or on crimes being planned. Aliens, upon coming to Earth, may choose to set up one or more secret identities as a learning tool. By pretending to be humans, they can explore the different roles and lives that a regular human is expected to have in his/her life and using their deeper understanding of human condition to help others. To avoid legal ramifications or public scrutiny due to accountability with the collateral damage superheroes are involved with, which carries the
The Flash is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, the original Flash first appeared in Flash Comics #1. Nicknamed the "Scarlet Speedster", all incarnations of the Flash possess "super speed", which includes the ability to run and think fast, use superhuman reflexes, violate certain laws of physics, thus far, at least four different characters—each of whom somehow gained the power of "the speed force"—have assumed the mantle of the Flash in DC's history: college athlete Jay Garrick, forensic scientist Barry Allen, Barry's nephew Wally West, Barry's grandson Bart Allen. Each incarnation of the Flash has been a key member of at least one of DC's premier teams: the Justice Society of America, the Justice League, the Teen Titans; the Flash is one of DC Comics' most popular characters and has been integral to the publisher's many reality-changing "crisis" storylines over the years. The original meeting of the Golden Age Flash Jay Garrick and Silver Age Flash Barry Allen in "Flash of Two Worlds" introduced the Multiverse storytelling concept to DC readers, which would become the basis for many DC stories in the years to come.
Like his Justice League colleagues Wonder Woman and Batman, the Flash has a distinctive cast of adversaries, including the various Rogues and the various psychopathic "speedsters" who go by the names Reverse-Flash or Zoom. Other supporting characters in Flash stories include Barry's wife Iris West, Wally's wife Linda Park, Bart's girlfriend Valerie Perez, friendly fellow speedster Max Mercury, Central City police department members David Singh and Patty Spivot. A staple of the comic book DC Universe, the Flash has been adapted to numerous DC films, video games, animated series, live-action television shows. In live action, Barry Allen has been portrayed by Rod Haase for the 1979 television special Legends of the Superheroes, John Wesley Shipp in the 1990 The Flash series and Grant Gustin in the 2014 The Flash series, by Ezra Miller in the DC Extended Universe series of films, beginning with Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Shipp portrays a version of Jay Garrick in the 2014 The Flash series.
The various incarnations of the Flash feature in animated series such as Superman: The Animated Series, Justice League, Batman: The Brave and the Bold and Young Justice, as well as the DC Universe Animated Original Movies series. The Flash first appeared in the Golden Age Flash Comics #1, from All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, this Flash was Jay Garrick, a college student who gained his speed through the inhalation of hard water vapors; when re-introduced in the 1960s Garrick's origin was modified gaining his powers through exposure to heavy water. Jay Garrick was a popular character in the 1940s, supporting both Flash Comics and All-Flash Quarterly. With superheroes' post-war decline in popularity, Flash Comics was canceled with issue #104 which featured an evil version of the Flash called the Rival; the Justice Society's final Golden Age story ran in All Star Comics #57. In 1956, DC Comics revived superheroes, ushering in what became known as the Silver Age of comic books.
Rather than bringing back the same Golden Age heroes, DC rethought them as new characters for the modern age. The Flash was the first revival, in the tryout comic book Showcase #4; this new Flash was, a police scientist who gained super-speed when bathed by chemicals after a shelf of them was struck by lightning. He adopted the name The Scarlet Speedster after reading a comic book featuring the Golden Age Flash. After several more appearances in Showcase, Allen's character was given his own title, The Flash, the first issue of, #105. Barry Allen and the new Flash were created by writers Robert Kanigher and John Broome and cartoonist Carmine Infantino; the Silver Age Flash proved popular enough that several other Golden Age heroes were revived in new incarnations. A new superhero team, the Justice League of America, was created, with the Flash as a main, charter member. Barry Allen's title introduced a much-imitated plot device into superhero comics when it was revealed that Garrick and Allen existed on fictional parallel worlds.
Their powers allowed them to cross the dimensional boundary between worlds, the men became good friends. Flash of Two Worlds was the first crossover in which a Golden Age character met a Silver Age character. Soon, there were crossovers between the Justice Society. Allen's adventures continued in his own title until the event of Crisis on Infinite Earths; the Flash ended as a series with issue #350. Allen's life had become confused in the early 1980s, DC elected to end his adventures and pass the mantle on to another character. Allen died heroically in Crisis on Infinite Earths #8. Thanks to his ability to travel through time, he would continue to appear oc
Kid Flash (Iris West)
Kid Flash is a fictional superheroine in the alternate future of Kingdom Come in the DC Comics universe. She first appeared in Kingdom Come #3. Iris West II/Kid Flash appears in issues 4 of the 1996 Kingdom Come mini-series, she subsequently appears in the Kingdom Come sequel, The Kingdom, starring in her own issue The Kingdom: Kid Flash. Characters similar to this one appear in The Flash #143 and #146–149, as well as The Titans #23–25. In the alternate future of the Kingdom Come series, Iris West II is the daughter of Wally West and Linda Park, the twin sister of Barry West. Both Iris and Barry inherited their father's superspeed abilities, but only Iris chose to use her powers for good, while Barry used his powers to become a slacker and has no interest in the "family legacy". Iris is bitter that her father, who has completely given up his life to patrol Keystone City non-stop, never makes time for her but does make time for Barry, considered him the potential successor to the Flash identity instead of Iris, despite her becoming Kid Flash.
In the sequel The Kingdom, Iris is recruited by Rip Hunter to try to stop a madman named Gog from altering the past, before discovering it to be unnecessary due to Hypertime. In The Titans #23–25 she becomes a member of a group comprising the children of the original five Titans: herself, they return to the present in various Hypertimelines to save the existence of Donna Troy. In Flash #225, Wally West's wife Linda gave birth to a daughter named Iris, her only power is the ability to vibrate through objects. In Flash #240 Iris appears to grow into a teenager wearing a costume similar to her future counterpart. In issue 241, Iris now wearing a "kid flash"-like costume displays superspeed and states she may be faster than her father; however her joy is short-lived. In Flash #243, Iris is returned to her original age, her powers revert to molecular acceleration. More than Jai, Iris is a living conduit for the Speed Force, with absolute mastery over it rivalling the one gained by her father during the Dark Flash Saga.
Mind-controlled by Queen Bee, she exhibited the power of forming "cocoons" of Speed Force, bubbles in which she could control speed and time, freezing her targets or hastening their metabolism to death. Moreover, she repaired the weakening connection to the Speed Force, crippling her father. Badly traumatized by her ordeal, she refuses to give in to her powers again, her resolution wanes with the return of the first Reverse Flash, Professor Zoom, during The Flash: Rebirth event. Since Jai's and Iris' connection to the Speed Force is still precarious, the attempts of Zoom to disrupt it force both kids to endure a large amount of crippling pain, until Iris decides to take the bulk of the Speed Power connection, freeing Jai but taking the pain for herself. At the last moment Jesse Chambers, guided by the late Johnny Quick, uses the Speed Mantra to save Iris' life, once again restoring her full potential. Iris embraces her new role with childlike glee, choosing to take up the mantle of Impulse, which Bart used before he joined the Teen Titans as Kid Flash.
Impulse is shown being recorded on Flyover, a social networking feature devised to help villains stalk and kill teen superheroes. Iris and her brother Jai were absent from history due to the manipulations of Doctor Manhattan following Flashpoint; when Wally West returned in DC Rebirth #1 it was revealed that does not remember Wally, leaving the fate of Jai and Iris unknown at best. In Flash War #1 it was revealed by Hunter Zolomon to Wally that his forgotten children not only existed in the altered timeline but are trapped in the speed force like he was. In the following issue Zoom urges a heartbroken Wally to break the speed force enough to save his family, leading to an altercation between Wally and Barry whether or not to rescue his children at risk of damaging the speed force and time once again. For Wally, Zoom lied. Rather than breaking the Speed Force, the attempt broke the "Force Barrier", which unlocked hidden other forces related to the Speed Force, called the Sage and Strength Forces.
Taking the power of these new forces to defeat the Justice League and the Titans, Zoom claims however that he does indeed know where the rest of the Flash family is. Zoom withholds this information, proceeds to claim the mantle of Flash before attacking Wally and Barry. Iris West II has the same abilities as her father Wally West: superspeed, the ability to control and vibrate her molecules, an aura that protects her from friction at high velocities. Iris is somewhat slower than her father because of her young age. Iris West II entry on DCDatabaseProject Iris West II of Kingdom Come entry on DCDatabaseProject
OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff
Wally West is a fictional superhero that appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. He was the first Kid Flash, his power consists of superhuman speed. He made his first appearance as Kid Flash in Flash #110 in 1959. Barry Allen dies in the crossover Crisis on Infinite Earths #8 and Wally took up the mantle of the Flash in Crisis on Infinite Earths #12, holding that role until 2009 in DC's main lineup, his physical appearance is a redhead with green eyes and is portrayed with a lighthearted and caring personality. Wally has an important role as the Flash in DC Rebirth. In his debut as the Flash, Wally wears a distinct red and gold costume, traditionally storing the costume compressed inside a ring and creating a costume directly out of Speed Force energy, he is the fastest character. In DC Rebirth, the Flash wears a red and silver costume and generates blue or white lightning to show that the Speed Force is inside him more than before. In 2011, IGN ranked Wally West #8 on their list of the "Top 100 Super Heroes of All Time", ahead of any other speedsters, stating that "Wally West is one of the DCU's greatest heroes if he does not rank as the original Scarlet Speedster".
In 2013, Wally West placed 6th on IGN's Top 25 Heroes of DC Comics. Wally West has appeared in many forms of media, including the Justice League cartoons, in which he is voiced by Michael Rosenbaum, he appeared in the 2010 TV show Young Justice as Kid Flash, voiced by Jason Spisak, as the Flash in Justice League animated features such as Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, voiced by Josh Keaton. Wally made his live-action debut in the second season of The Flash, as portrayed by Keiynan Lonsdale. In this version Wally is the younger brother of Iris West-Allen, he was part of the main cast of the third season of Legends of Tomorrow. Wallace Rudolph West, or Wally West, was created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino and introduced in The Flash #110; the character was the nephew of the existing Flash character's girlfriend and wife, Iris West. During a visit to the Central City police laboratory where Barry Allen worked, the freak accident that gave Allen his powers repeated itself, bathing Wally in electrically charged chemicals.
Now possessing the same powers as the Flash, West donned a smaller-sized copy of Barry Allen's Flash outfit and became the young crimefighter Kid Flash. Wally had a strained relationship with his own parents and looked to his beloved aunt and uncle for moral support and guidance, he operated as a lone superhero in his hometown, Blue Valley, when not partnering with the Flash. This costume was altered to one that would make him more visually distinctive; the original red was replaced with a costume, yellow with red leggings and lightning bolt emblem. The ear pieces remained yellow, but became red in issues. In addition to his appearances within the Flash title, the character was a founding member of the newly created Teen Titans, where he became friends with Dick Grayson known as Robin known as Nightwing. Sometime Wally contracted a mysterious illness that affected his entire bodily system; this could have been caused by one of two things, Wally was a boy when the electrified chemicals altered his body, still developing and maturing or when his was struck with a weapon during his time with the Teen Titans.
As such, as Wally's body matured, his altered body chemistry was killing him. During the 1985–1986 miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths, Barry gave his life to save the Earth when destroying the antimatter cannon, aimed at Earth. Unaware of this, Wally was coaxed by Jay Garrick into assisting the heroes against the Anti-Monitor's forces. During the final battle with the Anti-Monitor, Wally was struck by a blast of anti-matter energy, which cured his disease. In the aftermath of the conflict, Wally took on his fallen mentor's identity; the decision by DC Comics' editorial staff to radically change their fictional universe saw a number of changes to the status quo of the character. Wally West became the new Flash, but less powerful than his predecessor. For example, instead of being able to reach the speed of light, he could run just faster than that of sound; the character had to eat vast quantities of food to maintain his metabolism. Those changes were followed up and 1987 saw the publication of a new Flash comic written by Mike Baron.
These stories focused not the state of Wally's wealth. West won a lottery, bought a large mansion, began dating beautiful women; the character's finances and luck continued to wane until Flash vol. 2, #62, when his fortunes stabilized. The 1990s saw further modifications to the look of the character, with a modified uniform appearing in 1991; this modified costume altered the visual appearance of the traditional Flash costume, with a belt made of two connecting lightning bolts meeting in a "V" at the front, removal of the wings from the top of his boots, a change in the material of his costume, opaque lenses added to the eyes of his cowl. This modified design utilized elements of the costume designed by artist Dave Stevens for the live action television series The Flash. A difficult encounter was made with the first Reverse-Flash. Thawne had been killed by Barry Allen shortly before Allen'
Flash (Barry Allen)
The Flash is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character first appeared in Showcase #4, created by writer Robert Kanigher and penciler Carmine Infantino. Barry Allen is a reinvention of a previous character called the Flash, who appeared in 1940s comic books as the character Jay Garrick, his power consists of superhuman speed. Various other effects are attributed to his ability to control the speed of molecular vibrations, including his ability to vibrate at speed to pass through objects; the Flash wears a distinct red and gold costume treated to resist friction and wind resistance, traditionally storing the costume compressed inside a ring. Barry Allen's classic stories introduced the concept of the Multiverse to DC Comics, this concept played a large part in DC's various continuity reboots over the years; the Flash has traditionally always had a significant role in DC's major company-wide reboot stories, in the crossover Crisis on Infinite Earths #8, Barry Allen died saving the Multiverse, removing the character from the regular DC lineup for 23 years.
His return to regular comics is foreshadowed during the narrative in Grant Morrison's crossover story Final Crisis: Rogues' Revenge #3 actualized in Geoff Johns' accompanying The Flash: Rebirth #1, kicking off a six issue limited series. He has since played a pivotal role in the crossover stories Blackest Night, Convergence, DC Rebirth; the character has appeared in various adaptations in other media. John Wesley Shipp played Barry Allen in the 1990 CBS television series and Grant Gustin plays him in the 2014 The CW television series. Alan Tudyk, George Eads, James Arnold Taylor, Taliesin Jaffe, Dwight Schultz, Michael Rosenbaum, Neil Patrick Harris, Justin Chambers, Christopher Gorham, Josh Keaton, Adam DeVine, others have provided the character's voice in animation adaptations. In feature films, he is played by Ezra Miller in the DC Extended Universe, beginning with Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice and Suicide Squad in 2016, followed by Justice League in 2017 and a solo Flash film in the works.
Barry Allen is a police chemist with a reputation for being slow, late, which frustrates his fiancée, Iris West, as the result of being absent-minded and his devotion to crime-solving. One night, as he is working late, a lightning bolt shatters a case full of chemicals and spills all over Barry; as a result, Allen finds that he can run fast and has matching reflexes and senses. He dons a set of red tights sporting a lightning bolt, dubs himself the Flash, becomes Central City's resident costumed crimefighter. Central City University professor Ira West designed Allen's costume and the ring which stores it while Allen is in his civilian identity; the ring can eject the compressed clothing when Allen needs it and suck it back in with the aid of a special gas that shrinks the suit. In addition, Allen invented the cosmic treadmill, a device that allowed for precise time travel and was used in many stories. Allen was so well liked that nearly all speedsters that come after him are compared to him. Batman once said "Barry is the kind of man that I would've hoped to become if my parents had not been murdered."
As presented in Justice League of America #9, when the Earth is infiltrated by alien warriors sent to conquer the planet, some of the world's greatest heroes join forces, Allen among them. While the superheroes individually defeat most of the invaders, they fall prey to a single alien and only by working together are they able to defeat the warrior. Afterwards, the heroes decide to establish the Justice League. During the years, he is depicted as feeling attracted to Black Canary and Zatanna, but he never pursues a relationship because he feels his real love is Iris West, whom he marries. Allen becomes a good friend with Green Lantern, which would be the subject of the limited series Flash and Green Lantern: The Brave and the Bold. In The Flash # 123—"Flash of Two Worlds"—Allen is transported to Earth-Two where he meets Jay Garrick, the original Flash in DC Continuity; this storyline initiated DC's multiverse and was continued in issues of Flash and in team-ups between the Justice League of America of Earth-One and the Justice Society of America of Earth-Two.
In the classic story from Flash #179—"The Flash – Fact or Fiction?"—Allen is thrown into the universe called Earth Prime, a representation of "our" universe, where he seeks the aid of the Flash comic book's editor Julius Schwartz to build a cosmic treadmill so that he can return home. He gains a sidekick and protégé in Iris' nephew, Wally West, who gains super-speed in an accident similar to that which gave Allen his powers. In time, he married his girlfriend Iris, who learned of his double identity because Allen talked in his sleep, she kept this secret, he revealed his identity to her of his own free will with Moreno's persuasion. Iris was revealed to have been sent as a child from the 30th century and adopted. In the 1980s, Flash's life begins to collapse. Iris is murdered by Professor Zoom, when Allen prepares to marry another woman, Zoom tries the same trick again. Allen stops him. Unf