Axarquía is a comarca of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is the wedge-shaped area east of Málaga, its name is traced back to Greek or Arabic الشرقية. It inland, its coastal towns make up the Costa del Sol Oriental - one of the sunniest places in mainland Spain with the average of 320 sunny days a year. The natives of the region are called axárquicos, its capital is Vélez-Málaga. The Vélez and Torrox rivers all run through the region, its highest mountain is highest point of the Sierra de Tejeda, Penibaetic System. The Axarquía comarca is known as Axarquía-Costa del Sol, for it includes the Costa del Sol Oriental sector of the Costa del Sol, east of Málaga city made up of Rincón de la Victoria, Vélez-Málaga, Algarrobo and Nerja municipal terms; the Dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy defines the word "jarquía" as "district or territory located east of a great city and dependent on it" and says that it proceeds from Arabic شرقية Šarqiyya, meaning "eastern part" or " eastern." It coincides with the region of Axarquia.
The Royal Academy, in its spelling of the Spanish Language, 1999 edition, explains that, in old Castilian, consonant fricative phoneme ⟨x⟩ represented the palatal as in English sh sound, found in words like Axarquía, Don Quixote, Texas etc. Baetic System Comarcas of Andalusia Media related to Axarquía at Wikimedia Commons Tejeda, 2.068 m Axarquia Comarca Website
Andalusia is an autonomous community in southern Spain. It is the most populous, the second largest autonomous community in the country; the Andalusian autonomous community is recognised as a "historical nationality". The territory is divided into eight provinces: Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville, its capital is the city of Seville. Andalusia is located in the south of the Iberian peninsula, in south-western Europe south of the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castilla-La Mancha. Andalusia is the only European region with both Atlantic coastlines; the small British overseas territory of Gibraltar shares a three-quarter-mile land border with the Andalusian province of Cádiz at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar. The main mountain ranges of Andalusia are the Sierra Morena and the Baetic System, consisting of the Subbaetic and Penibaetic Mountains, separated by the Intrabaetic Basin. In the north, the Sierra Morena separates Andalusia from the plains of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha on Spain's Meseta Central.
To the south the geographic subregion of Upper Andalusia lies within the Baetic System, while Lower Andalusia is in the Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir. The name "Andalusia" is derived from the Arabic word Al-Andalus; the toponym al-Andalus is first attested by inscriptions on coins minted in 716 by the new Muslim government of Iberia. These coins, called dinars, were inscribed in both Arabic; the etymology of the name "al-Andalus" has traditionally been derived from the name of the Vandals. Halm in 1989 derived the name from a Gothic term, *landahlauts, in 2002, Bossong suggested its derivation from a pre-Roman substrate; the region's history and culture have been influenced by the native Iberians, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Jews, Muslim Moors and the Castilian and other Christian North Iberian nationalities who reconquered and settled the area in the latter phases of the Reconquista. Andalusia has been a agricultural region, compared to the rest of Spain and the rest of Europe.
However, the growth of the community in the sectors of industry and services was above average in Spain and higher than many communities in the Eurozone. The region has a strong identity. Many cultural phenomena that are seen internationally as distinctively Spanish are or Andalusian in origin; these include flamenco and, to a lesser extent and Hispano-Moorish architectural styles, both of which are prevalent in other regions of Spain. Andalusia's hinterland is the hottest area of Europe, with cities like Córdoba and Seville averaging above 36 °C in summer high temperatures. Late evening temperatures can sometimes stay around 35 °C until close to midnight, with daytime highs of over 40 °C common. Seville has the highest average annual temperature in mainland Spain and mainland Europe followed by Almería, its present form is derived from the Arabic name for Muslim Iberia, "Al-Andalus". However, the etymology of the name "Al-Andalus" is disputed, the extent of Iberian territory encompassed by the name has changed over the centuries.
The Spanish place name Andalucía was introduced into the Spanish languages in the 13th century under the form el Andalucía. The name was adopted to refer to those territories still under Moorish rule, south of Castilla Nueva and Valencia, corresponding with the former Roman province hitherto called Baetica in Latin sources; this was a Castilianization of Al-Andalusiya, the adjectival form of the Arabic language al-Andalus, the name given by the Arabs to all of the Iberian territories under Muslim rule from 711 to 1492. The etymology of al-Andalus is itself somewhat debated, but in fact it entered the Arabic language before this area came under Muslim rule. Like the Arabic term al-Andalus, in historical contexts the Spanish term Andalucía or the English term Andalusia do not refer to the exact territory designated by these terms today; the term referred to territories under Muslim control. In the Estoria de España of Alfonso X of Castile, written in the second half of the 13th century, the term Andalucía is used with three different meanings: As a literal translation of the Arabic al-Ándalus when Arabic texts are quoted.
To designate the territories the Christians had regained by that time in the Guadalquivir valley and in the Kingdoms of Granada and Murcia. In a document from 1253, Alfonso X styled himself León y de toda Andalucía. To designate the territories the Christians had regained by that time in the Guadalquivir valley but not the Kingdom of Granada; this was the most common significance in Early modern period. From an administrative point of view, Granada remained separate for many years after the completion of the Reconquista due, above all, to its emblematic character as the last territory regained, as the seat of the important Real Chancillería de Granada, a court of last resort. Stil
Valle de Lecrín
The Lecrin Valley is a comarca in the center-south part of the province of Granada, southern Spain. This territory borders the Vega de Granada to the north, the Alpujarra Granadina to the east, the Costa Tropical to the south, the Alhama to the west. Lecrin derived from Arabic Iqlim, meaning "gateway": this refers to a small area of land situated between the villages of Mondújar and Talará, which controlled the access to the vast coastal areas of sugar production in Moorish times; the Lecrin Valley consists of eight municipalities, of which the most populous is El Padul, the largest is Albuñuelas, the latter being the least populated. On the other hand, the municipality with the smallest area is Villamena, its traditional and historical capital is the town of Dúrcal. Apart from Dúrcal and Padul and farming remain the principal occupation with pine, almond and grape as the main crops. In more recent times, it has become a destination for Spanish and international holidaymakers looking for a quiet holiday amongst the orchards, but with easy reach to the Moorish city of Granada and the Costa Tropical.
It is an popular destination for walkers, bird watchers and artists. The Lecrin Valley is known for its verdant landscape and its views to lake Beznar and up to the Sierra Nevada mountains, its walks and spring colours; this comarca consists of the following municipalities: Halfway between the city of Granada and the Costa Tropical, this comarca is traversed from North to South by the A-44 motorway, which serves all municipalities with the following ways out: 144: El Padul, Otívar. 153: Cónchar, Cozvíjar, Dúrcal, Albuñuelas. 157: Dúrcal, Nigüelas. 159: Lecrín, El Valle. 164: Pinos del Valle, Lanjarón, Béznar 169: Ízbor-Acebuches. Other notable roads are: N-323, an old road that connected Bailén with Motril, connecting the cities of Jaén and Granada with the coast.
Poniente Almeriense is a comarca in Almería, Spain. It is sometimes known as the "sea of plastic" due to the numerous greenhouses that cover the area; the comarca contains nine municipalities and 218,426 inhabitants in an area of 971 km². The "sea of plastic" was one of the subjects of We feed a 2005 documentary; the comarca borders the Alboran Sea to the South, the city of Almería to the east, the Sierra de Gádor to the north, the municipality of Albuñol to the west. The Poniente Almeriense contains the following municipalities: Adra Balanegra Berja Dalías El Ejido Enix Felix La Mojonera Roquetas de Mar Vícar Las Norias de Daza - Google maps Greenhouses of the Campo de Dalías, Almería Province, Spain - NASA Earth Observatory Southeastern Spain's Greenhouse Landscape: Plastic over Sand-Beds
Province of Jaén (Spain)
Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ciudad Real, Granada and Córdoba, its capital is Jaén city. Its area is 13,484 km², its population is 657,387, about one sixth of. It contains 97 municipalities; the highest point of the province is Pico Mágina. One of the less-known provinces of Spain, compared to the heavily-tourist-oriented coast, it has four national parks and many other protected natural areas; the province contains two Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza, both declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The annual chess tournament held; the province is the largest producer of olive oil in the world. It produces around 20 % of world's production. For this reason the province is known as World Capital of Olive Oil. There are more than 66 million of olive trees, spread over a surface of 550,000 hectares; the province alone produces more olive oil than the entire country of Italy. The province's production in 2013 was 749.387 tonnes of olive oil.
List of municipalities in Jaén Despeñaperros Natural Park Sierra de Andújar Natural Park Sierra Mágina Natural Park Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Natural Park Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Photo album from La Iruela Castle - Jaén - Andalusia
La Janda is a comarca in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. La Janda is composed of the following municipalities: Alcalá de los Gazules Barbate Benalup-Casas Viejas Conil de la Frontera Medina Sidonia Paterna de Rivera Vejer de la Frontera Mancomunidad de Municipios de la Comarca de La Janda Asociación para el Desarrollo Rural del Litoral de la Janda
Costa Tropical is a comarca in southern Spain, corresponding to the Mediterranean coastline of the province of Granada, Andalusia. It is but less called the Costa de Granada or Costa Granadina, it is crossed by the N-340 coastal highway that runs southwest-northeast along Spain’s Mediterranean coast, to the border with France. Within the last 4 years the A7 has been extended from Nerja in the Malaga province to the Taramay district to the east of Almuñécar. Construction is ongoing to link the A7 motorway to the A44 motorway which heads north from Motril on the coast to the city of Granada; the Costa Tropical is made up of agricultural zones and small resort towns and villages. What makes the Costa Tropical unique in comparison to the rest of the Spanish coast is that the mountains of the Sierra Nevada range fall to the edge of the Mediterranean Sea on the rugged coastline. Except for la vega de Motril, there are no flat areas for large urban sprawl, unlike the Costa del Sol in the Málaga province.
The area east of Málaga is more lush than the surrounding areas. This is because the Sierra Nevada mountain range that serves as a backdrop to the Costa Tropical catches more rain and thus supplies the area with abundant irrigation; this same mountain backdrop provides a shelter from northerlies and creates a pleasant microclimate of mild winters and mild summers compared to the interior of Spain, with temperature differences of 10 °C relative to the area on the other side of the mountains – so it could be 38 °C on a summer day in the city of Granada and only 28 °C on the Costa Tropical. In the winter, it can be snowing in 10 °C on the Costa Tropical; the main towns of the Costa Tropical are Almuñécar. Motril is principally agricultural center. Motril possesses a small seaport. Almuñécar is a resort town and agricultural center, with the summer-time vacation population more than tripling the town’s population. Like the rest of the Spanish coast, it underwent a housing and construction boom with some environmental degradation.
This housing boom was not as severe as on other parts of the Spanish coastline due to the townships of Almunecar and La Herradura being unable to agree the terms of their new Urban plan with the Junta de Andalucia since 2002. Albondón Albuñol La Rábita Almuñécar La Herradura Velilla-Taramay Gualchos Castell de Ferro Ítrabo Jete Lentegí Los Guájares Lújar Molvízar Motril El Varadero Torrenueva Costa Carchuna Calahonda Otívar Polopos La Mamola Castillo de Baños La Guapa Haza del Trigo Rubite Salobreña Sorvilán Vélez de Benaudalla The Costa Tropical has many historical sights, including prehistoric cave paintings in nearby Nerja. In fact, Almuñécar served as the entry point to Iberia and establishment of a power base for Abd ar-Rahman I in 755, who came from Damascus and was the founder of an independent Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of the Iberian Peninsula for nearly three centuries thereafter. Baetic System Comarcas of Andalusia Media related to Costa Granadina at Wikimedia Commons Costa Tropical News - English magazine and news website for the region Seaside Gazette - English magazine and news website for Costa Tropical, Lecrin Valley and Alpujarras Relocation information about the Costa Tropical