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Van, West Virginia

Van is a census-designated place in Boone County, West Virginia, United States, along the Pond Fork of the Little Coal River. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211, its ZIP code is 25206. Van was named after Van Linville, who established its post office and served as its first postmaster. Van is one of the many small communities on West Virginia Route 85, which winds through valley after valley staying close beside the Little Coal River. Van is residential with a gas station, a pharmacy, a flower shop, a few churches, a pizza take out, an elementary school, a junior/senior high school, a Christian school, a volunteer fire department, an Ambulance Station, a Senior Nutrition Center; the Pond Fork of the Little Coal river that runs through Van is a designated stream that the West Virginia Department of Natural Resources stocks fish, such as trout, a few times a year. Van High School, known as Crook District High School, is nestled up on "The Hill" overlooking the rural town of Van. Van Junior-Senior High School and Van Elementary School are both located on Bulldog Blvd.

Van High School has been successful in athletics as it competes in the West Virginia Secondary Schools Activities Commission. Its mascot is a Bulldog and its school colors are Blue and Gold; the Bulldogs compete in Class Single A, the smallest of three classes in West Virginia. Van High is one of only three high schools in Boone County. Baseball has won five state championships in 1982, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993 and the state runner-up six times 1981, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1995, 1996, 2004 and 2007, they have been in the state tournament, which includes the final four from each class a record 19 times since 1981. Football has appeared in the state playoffs ten times since 1981. Playoff years include 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 2001, 2003; the Bulldogs advanced to the final eight teams in 1981, 1983, 1984, 1991, 1993, 2001. They advanced to the final four in 1986 and 1992. Basketball has appeared in the regional finals on four different occasions, the last game before the state tournament is held in Charleston.

They have won sectional finals in 1977, 1995, 1996, 2002. In 1991-1992, a multimillion-dollar gymnasium was built to take the place of one of the only "domed" gyms in West Virginia. Girls Basketball has won a state championship in 1982, they advanced to the state tournament in 1983. Hasil Adkins- Appalachian Rockabilly one man band who recorded many songs, appeared in movies and TV shows and was featured in a documentary, "The Wild World Of Hasil Adkins." Johnny E. Blair - Inventor of the first fast food drive inn ordering systems in the 1960s. Retractable Arms Inc, he contracted with Shoney's Big Boy and installed his electronic ordering system and drive inns in many parts of the country. Robin Jean Davis- West Virginia Supreme Court Justice Tony Gibson- West Virginia University Defensive Coordinator Jesco White- Mountain dancer, featured in documentaries, TV shows and countless popular songs among other things. Michael Wooten- Anchor/Reporter- WGRZ News Channel 2 - NBC Affiliate Henry Ramey - World War II hero- Awarded Bronze Star and two Purple Hearts

George Raper

George Raper was a Royal Navy officer who accompanied the First Fleet to Australia. He is known today for his watercolour illustrations, including the first depictions of the birds and flowers of Sydney Cove. Raper was born to Henry and Catherine Raper in London, England on 19 September 1769. On 20 August 1783 at age 13 he joined the Royal Navy's HMS Rose as a captain's servant. After further service on HMS Racehorse, he joined HMS Sirius on 15 November 1786. Sirius, commanded by Captain John Hunter, was the flagship of the First Fleet, which under Commodore Arthur Phillip transported convicts from England to New South Wales in Australia. On 30 September 1787, while the First Fleet was sailing from Rio de Janeiro to Cape Town, George Raper became a midshipman. Raper took his paint box with him, containing a larger set of paints than that of his captain, John Hunter, an artist. Raper's charts, his paintings of ports such as Tenerife and Rio de Janeiro, were part of his evidence of competence for his promotion to midshipman.

The First Fleet arrived in Botany Bay in January 1788 sailed to Port Jackson. On 1 October 1788, Sirius with Raper on board set sail from Port Jackson for the Dutch settlement of Cape Town, to get supplies for the starving Australian colony. Raper continued to paint. In February 1789, Sirius left Cape Town loaded with twelve months' provisions for the ship's company, six months' flour for the whole settlement, other stores. Raper purchased paper in Cape Town. On the return to Port Jackson, Sirius suffered damage in a gale off the south coast of Van Diemen's Land. Ths ship was repaired at Careening Cove, now Mosman Bay on Sydney Harbour, from June to November 1789. During this period, Raper may have had leisure to continue his painting. On 6 March 1790, with Raper on board, left Port Jackson for Norfolk Island. On 19 March, Sirius was wrecked. All the ship's company were saved and many of the supplies were salvaged. A number of the landscapes and natural history drawings that he made on the island have survived.

He and the crew of Sirius were trapped on the island for 11 months, facing starvation and increasing distress at the failure of Governor Phillip to send a ship to collect them. Raper and the rest of the ship's company returned to Sydney with HMS Supply, arriving there on 27 February 1791. Raper returned to England via Batavia, arriving at Portsmouth in 1792. Back in England, the officers of Sirius, including Raper, faced a court martial because of the loss of the ship, they were honourably acquitted. Raper served on HMS Duke and HMS Victory. In June 1793 he moved to HMS Speedy. In September that year he moved to the former French ship Commerce de Marseille, one of the vessels which had defected to the British during the Siege of Toulon. Lieut't anglais'. Only two paintings that can be dated to his period of service in the Mediterranean are known to have survived – they are of a dolphin and a shark, are held at the State Library of New South Wales. In April 1795 Raper joined HMS Cumberland as a lieutenant.

While serving on the Cumberland, he wrote his will. Dated 14 October 1795, it is a simple document compared to most 18th-century wills. In it he asks that his painting case'be delivered...to my dearest and beloved Mother'. In May 1796, Raper was given his first command, as master and commander of the cutter HMS Expedition, he was despatched to Gibraltar and the West Indies, bringing his ship through a hurricane near Barbados with much damage but no lives lost. Different dates for Raper's death have been given. Historian Linda Groom, in her book First Fleet artist: George Raper's birds and plants of Australia, cites a letter from Vice-Admiral Sir Hyde Parker, dated 2 October 1796, which reported Raper's death: "I am sorry to conclude my letter with informing their Lordships that Lieutenant Raper, commanding the Expedition Cutter, died on the 29th". There are reports of multiple deaths from fever on Royal Navy vessels in the West Indies in the preceding months; the admiral's letter and other naval records of the time, make no comment on whether Raper succumbed to the fever or died from some other cause.

On his travels from 1787 to 1792 George Raper made watercolour paintings of birds and landscapes. Many of these drawings show species which are extinct today, like the Lord Howe swamphen or the Lord Howe pigeon from Lord Howe Island, he sketched profiles of landscapes and topographical maps. Raper's paintings are collected in five places: The First Fleet Artwork Collection in the Natural History Museum in London, of 72 Raper paintings. Acquired by Osbert Salvin and Frederick DuCane Godman, these were exhibited to the Zoological Society of London in 1877. Godman's daughter Eva Godman donated the volume in the mid-twentieth century; the Alexander Turnbull Library, part of the National Library of New Zealand, in Wellington, which digitised all 65 of its watercolours in 2018. The National Library of Australia, which in 2004 purchased for an undisclosed sum from the Moreton family in England 56 watercolours found at the estate of the Earl of Ducie in Gloucestershire; the Mitchell Library, part of the State Library of New South Wales, has two volumes – 18 of fish, 33 flower paintings – as well as a 1790 painting of the settlement of Norfolk Isl

Erika Eichenseer

Erika Eichenseer née Jahn was born in Munich in 1934 and lives in Regensburg, Bavaria. She has led the revival of interest in Franz Xaver von Schönwerth, the 19th-century folklorist who collected fairy tales in the Upper Palatinate region of northern Bavaria, having found 500 tales of his in the municipal archives of Regensburg, most of which had never been published before, she is a writer, a poet, an authority on the folk heritage of the Upper Palatinate, a well-known storyteller. Erika Eichenseer completed her schooling in Erding in 1952, she trained as a primary school teacher, graduated in 1954 at the Teachers’ Training College of Freising. She subsequently studied English and German, graduating in 1959 as a teacher for secondary modern schools, she married Adolf J. Eichenseer the same year. From 1959–1979 she taught in secondary schools in Munich and in Regensburg, where she initiated school theatre projects, for which she wrote plays and adapted local tales, including some by Schönwerth.

From 1979 to 1994 she worked in her husband's institute for the development of traditional culture, specializing in regional literature and the reanimation of traditional customs and arts. In this function she guided 400 amateur theatre groups in the region, giving them specialized courses, reviewing the value of their performance material, created opportunities for new plays to be written, wrote plays herself. For twenty years, until her retirement in 1994, she produced and directed children's theatrical productions at the instrument-making courses in Pleystein and Waldmünchen. For ten years she was involved in the children's theatre at Burg Wolfsegg, producing texts and directing productions. In 1976 the Eichenseers were invited to the US to the German Department of the University of Missouri to speak about their work. In 1977 they took part in a University summer programme there on traditional folk instruments. Erika Eichenseer lectured on puppet plays and participated in the German Department's folklore course.

In 1995 they took part in the Missouri Big Muddy Folk Festival with story-telling. To commemorate the centenary of the death of Franz Xaver von Schönwerth in 1986, Erika Eichenseer produced a booklet of his tales, complete with a teachers’ manual, for all schools in the Upper Palatinate. In 2009, she came across around 500 unpublished Schönwerth tales in the Municipal Archive of Regensburg, she selected and edited 136 of them for her book Prinz Rosszwifl, published the following year. In 2010, Eichenseer and her husband founded the Franz Xaver von Schönwerth Society, she produced a further Schönwerth reader with a teachers’ manual for all schools in the Upper Palatinate. During the centenary year the Society organised a whole series of commemorations, Erika Eichenseer herself lectured and performed at about 100 events. In March 2012 Eichenseer's book Prinz Rosszwifl was reviewed by Victoria Sussens-Messerer in the English newspaper The Guardian and the discovery of 500 new Schönwerth fairytales hailed as a sensation.

This led to considerable international interest. Penguin Classics decided to publish a collection of Schönwerth tales in English – in February 2015 – and translations into other languages may follow. In 2012 an annual Schönwerth Day was inaugurated at the Open Air Museum in Neusath-Perschen. "Don’t read to us, Grandma – tell us stories!" was the theme of a fairy tale seminar and gala evening. This was followed by story-telling in the International Children's and Young People's Library in Munich. In June 2013 Erika Eichenseer took part in a 2-day symposium organised by the School of Education in Trinity College Dublin on "The Role of Fairy Tale in Contemporary Theatre"; the premiere of the musical based on Schönwerth's tale Das Fliegende Kästchen was given on 7 July 2013 in Regensburg. The idea and libretto were by the music by Mathias Wehr, it was part of the Schaulust Festival Junges Theater Regensburg. On 21 September 2014 the Schönwerth Fairy Tale Path, initiated by Erika and Adolf J. Eichenseer, was inaugurated in Sinzing by the Lord Mayor of Regensburg.

01 11 1972: Allerseelen 06 01 1977: Dreikönigssendung 06 03 1977: Gott kennt keine Grenzen Easter 1978: Juhe, da Schnee is weg! 24 11 1978: Kold is' worn 09 02 1979: An der böhmischn Grenz 15 06 1979: Gott kennt keine Grenzen 24.12.1979: Da Engl is kumma 03 02 1980: Böhmische Musikanten 08.12.1983: Frauentragen 12 07 1987: Gegrüßt seist du, Königin 23.02.1992: Geliebte, theuerste Therese 31.01.2005: Dienstboten an Lichtmess 15.08.2005: Kräuterweibl und Wurzentrager 08.05.2007: Muttertag 22.10.2007: Kirchweih Since 1985: at the Weiden Literary Festival seminars and gala performances for authors from the Upper Palatinate Since 1989: Wöi uns der Schnobl g’wachsn is – Dialect Poetry Readings at the Upper Palatinate Open Air Museum in Neusath-Perschen Since 2010: For the Franz Xaver von Schönwerth Society 2004: Hanns-Seidl-Stiftung Folk Music Prize 2004: Bavarian Forest Association Cultural Prize 2005: Bavarian Radio Gold Medal 2009

Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia

The Mongol conquest of Khwarezmia, or the Mongol invasion of Iran, from 1219 to 1221 marked the beginning of the Mongol conquest of the Islamic states. The Mongol expansion would culminate in the conquest of all of Asia with the exception of Japan, the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and most of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, it was not the intention of the Mongol Empire to invade the Khwarezmid Empire. According to the Persian historian Juzjani, Genghis Khan had sent the ruler of the Khwarezmid Empire, Ala ad-Din Muhammad, a message seeking trade and greeted him as his neighbor: "I am master of the lands of the rising sun while you rule those of the setting sun. Let us conclude a firm treaty of friendship and peace." Or he said "I am Khan of the lands of the rising sun while you are sultan of those of the setting sun: Let us conclude a firm agreement of friendship and peace." The Mongols' original unification of all "people in felt tents", unifying the nomadic tribes in Mongolia and the Turcomens and other nomadic peoples, had come with little bloodshed, no material loss.

The Mongol wars with the Jurchens however had shown. Shah Muhammad reluctantly agreed to this peace treaty; the war started less than a year when a Mongol caravan and its envoys were massacred in the Khwarezmian city of Otrar. In the ensuing war, lasting less than two years, the Khwarezmid Empire was destroyed. After the defeat of the Kara-Khitans, Genghis Khan's Mongol Empire gained a border with the Khwarezmid Empire, governed by Shah Ala ad-Din Muhammad; the Shah had only taken some of the territory under his control, he was busy with a dispute with the Caliph An-Nasir. The Shah had refused to make the obligatory homage to the caliph as titular leader of Islam, demanded recognition as Shah of his empire, without any of the usual bribes or pretenses; this alone had created problems for him along his southern border. It was at this junction the expanding Mongol Empire made contact. Mongol historians are adamant that the great khan at that time had no intention of invading the Khwarezmid Empire, was only interested in trade and a potential alliance.

The Shah was suspicious of Genghis' desire for a trade agreement, messages from the Shah's ambassador at Zhongdu in China described the savagery of the Mongols when they assaulted the city during their war with the Jin dynasty. Of further interest is that the caliph of Baghdad had attempted to instigate a war between the Mongols and the Shah some years before the Mongol invasion occurred; this attempt at an alliance with Genghis was made because of a dispute between Nasir and the Shah, but the Khan had no interest in alliance with any ruler who claimed ultimate authority, titular or not, which marked the Caliphate for an extinction which would come from Genghis' grandson, Hulegu. At the time, this attempt by the Caliph involved the Shah's ongoing claim to be named sultan of Khwarezm, something that Nasir had no wish to grant, as the Shah refused to acknowledge his authority, however illusory such authority was. However, it is known that Genghis rejected the notion of war as he was engaged in war with the Jin dynasty and was gaining much wealth from trading with the Khwarezmid Empire.

Genghis sent a 500-man caravan of Muslims to establish official trade ties with Khwarezmia. However Inalchuq, the governor of the Khwarezmian city of Otrar, had the members of the caravan that came from Mongolia arrested, claiming that the caravan was a conspiracy against Khwarezmia, it seems unlikely, that any members of the trade delegation were spies. Nor does it seem that Genghis was trying to initiate a conflict with the Khwarezmid Empire with the caravan, considering he was making steady progress against a faltering Jin empire in northern China at that moment. Genghis Khan sent a second group of three ambassadors to meet the shah himself and demand the caravan at Otrar be set free and the governor be handed over for punishment; the shah had both of the Mongols shaved and had the Muslim beheaded before sending them back to Genghis Khan. Muhammad ordered the personnel of the caravan to be executed; this was seen as a grave affront to the Khan himself, who considered ambassadors "as sacred and inviolable".

This led Genghis Khan to attack the Khwarezmian dynasty. The Mongols crossed the Tian Shan mountains, coming into the Shah's empire in 1219. After compiling information from many intelligence sources from spies along the Silk Road, Genghis Khan prepared his army, organized differently from his earlier campaigns; the changes had come in adding supporting units to his dreaded cavalry, both light. While still relying on the traditional advantages of his mobile nomadic cavalry, Genghis incorporated many aspects of warfare from China in siege warfare, his baggage train included such siege equipment as battering rams and enormous siege bows capable of throwing 20-foot arrows into siege works. The Mongol intelligence network was formidable; the Mongols never invaded an opponent whose military and economic will and ability to resist had not been and scouted. For instance and Batu Khan spent a year scouting central Europe, before destroying the armies of Hungary and Poland in two separate battles, two days apart.

In this invasion, the Khan first demonstrated the use of indirect attack that would become a hallmark of his campaigns, those of his sons and grandsons. The Khan divided his armies, sent one force so

List of birds of Macau

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Macau. The avifauna of Macau include a total of 88 species. Three species are globally threatened; this list's taxonomic treatment and nomenclature follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced species are included in the total count for Macau; the following tag has been used to highlight introduced species. The occurring native species are untagged. Introduced - a species introduced to Macau as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions Order: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds, they are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body. There are 20 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Macau. Little grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized "true petrels", characterised by united nostrils with medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

Black-winged petrel, Pterodroma nigripennis Order: Procellariiformes Family: Oceanitidae The storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface while hovering; the flight is sometimes bat-like. White-bellied storm petrel, Fregetta grallaria Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Ardeidae The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long legs. Bitterns tend to be more wary. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks and spoonbills. Grey heron, Ardea cinerea Eastern great egret, Ardea modesta Intermediate egret, Ardea intermedia Little egret, Egretta garzetta Pacific reef heron, Egretta sacra Chinese pond heron, Ardeola bacchus Cattle egret, Bubulcus ibis Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax Yellow bittern, Ixobrychus sinensis Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Threskiornithidae Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills.

They have broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Macau. Black-faced spoonbill, Platalea minor Order: Anseriformes Family: Anatidae The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans; these birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills, feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and includes the hawks, kites and Old World vultures; these birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight. Oriental honey buzzard, Pernis ptilorhynchus Black kite, Milvus migrans Brahminy kite, Haliastur indus Japanese sparrowhawk, Accipiter gularis Eurasian sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus Eastern buzzard, Buteo japonicus Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey.

They differ from hawks and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. There are 62 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Macau. Eurasian kestrel, Falco tinnunculus Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, snowcocks, spurfowls, monals, pheasants and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump and have broad short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Macau. Red junglefowl, Gallus gallus Order: Gruiformes Family: Gruidae Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Macau. Common crane, Grus grus Red-crowned crane, Grus japonensis Order: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes and gallinules.

They inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds. Most species have long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces, they tend to be weak fliers. There are 2 species which occur in Macau. White-breasted waterhen, Amaurornis phoenicurus Common moorhen, Gallinula chloropus Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae The family Charadriidae includes the plovers and lapwings, they are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, thick necks and long pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide in habitats near water. There are 66 species worldwide and 1 species. Little ringed plover, Charadrius dubius Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpip

The Phantom

The Phantom is an American adventure comic strip, first published by Lee Falk in February 1936. The main character, the Phantom, is a fictional costumed crime-fighter who operates from the fictional African country of Bangalla; the character has been adapted for television and video games. The series began with a daily newspaper strip on February 17, 1936, followed by a color Sunday strip on May 28, 1939. In 1966, King Features stated. At its peak, the strip was read by over 100 million people daily. Falk worked on The Phantom until his death in 1999. Since 2016, it has been drawn by Mike Manley and, since 2017, Jeff Weigel. Previous artists on the newspaper strip include Ray Moore, Wilson McCoy, Bill Lignante, Sy Barry, George Olesen, Keith Williams, Fred Fredericks, Graham Nolan, Eduardo Barreto, Paul Ryan, Terry Beatty. In the strip, the Phantom was 21st in a line of crime-fighters which began in 1536, when the father of British sailor Christopher Walker was killed during a pirate attack. Swearing an oath on the skull of his father's murderer to fight evil, Christopher began a legacy of the Phantom which would pass from father to son.

Nicknames for the Phantom include "The Ghost Who Walks", "Guardian of the Eastern Dark" and "The Man Who Cannot Die". Unlike many other superheroes, the Phantom has no superpowers; the 21st Phantom is married to Diana Palmer. He has a trained wolf named Devil and a horse named Hero, like the 20 previous Phantoms he lives in the ancient Skull Cave; the Phantom was the first fictional hero to wear the skintight costume which has become a hallmark of comic-book superheroes, was the first shown in a mask with no visible pupils. Comics historian Peter Coogan has described the Phantom as a "transitional" figure, since the Phantom has some of the characteristics of pulp magazine heroes such as The Shadow and the Spider and earlier jungle heroes such as Tarzan, as well as anticipating the features of comic book heroes such as Superman and Captain America. After the success of Mandrake the Magician, King Features Syndicate asked Falk to develop a new feature, his first effort was to draw a strip about King Arthur and his knights.

When King Features rejected the strip Falk developed the Phantom, a mysterious, costumed crime-fighter. He planned the first few months of the story, drew the first two weeks as a sample. Fascinated by myths and legends and the modern fictional characters Zorro and The Jungle Book's Mowgli, Falk envisioned the character as wealthy playboy Jimmy Wells by day and the crime-fighting Phantom by night. During his first story, "The Singh Brotherhood", before disclosing that Wells was the Phantom, Falk changed the setting to a jungle and made the Phantom an immortal, mythic figure. Thinking that there were too many characters called "the Phantom", Falk considered calling his hero "The Gray Ghost". However, he could not find a name he decided to stay with the Phantom. In the A&E American cable TV documentary The Phantom: Comic Strip Crusader, Falk explained that Greek busts inspired him to omit the Phantom's pupils when the character was wearing his mask, he incorrectly believed that ancient Greek busts had no pupils which he said gave them an "inhuman, awe-inspiring appearance."

In an interview for Comic Book Marketplace, Falk said the Phantom's skin-tight costume was inspired by Robin Hood, who wore tights in films and onstage. Falk was a Shakespeare enthusiast and the comic included several references to Shakespeare; these include the third Phantom playing Juliet in the original premiere of Romeo and Juliet, as well as marrying Shakespeare's niece. The Phantom began as a daily strip on February 17, 1936 with "The Singh Brotherhood", written by Falk and drawn by him for two weeks and by Ray Moore; that year, The Phantom was serialized in the Australian Woman's Mirror. A Sunday Phantom strip was added on May 28, 1939. During World War II Falk joined the Office of War Information, where he became chief of the radio foreign-language division. Moore served during the war and left the strip to his assistant, Wilson McCoy; when Moore returned he worked sporadically on the strip until 1949. During McCoy's tenure, The Phantom appeared in thousands of newspapers worldwide and was smuggled by boat into Nazi-occupied Norway during the war.

McCoy died unexpectedly in 1961. Carmine Infantino and Bill Lignante filled in. During Barry's early years he and Falk modernized the strip, laying the foundation for what is considered the Phantom's modern look. Under Barry, Bangalla became a democracy and the character of President Lamanda Luaga was introduced. Barry worked on The Phantom for over 30 years until his 1994 retirement, drawing a total of about 11,000 strips, his longtime assistant George Olesen remained on the strip as penciller, with Keith Williams inking the daily strip. The Sunday strip was inked by Eric Doescher until Fred Fredericks succeeded him in 1995. Falk continued to script The Phantom and Mandrake until his death on March 13, 1