Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base located 9.2 miles northwest of Lompoc, California. The installation falls under the jurisdiction of United States Space Force. Vandenberg AFB is a Department of Defense space and missile testing base, with a mission of placing satellites into polar orbit from the West Coast using expendable boosters and reusable boosters. Wing personnel support the Service's LGM-30G Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Force Development Evaluation program. In addition to its military mission, the base leases launch pad facilities to SpaceX, as well as 100 acres leased to the California Spaceport in 1995. Established in 1941, the base is named in honor of former Air Force Chief of Staff General Hoyt Vandenberg. In 1941 the United States Army embarked on an initiative to acquire lands in the United States to be used to train its infantry and armored forces; these areas needed to be of a varied nature to ensure relevant training. In March 1941, the Army acquired 86,000 acres of open ranch lands along the Central Coast of California between Lompoc and Santa Maria.
Most of the land was purchased. Smaller parcels were obtained either as easements. With its flat plateau, surrounding hills, numerous canyons, relative remoteness from populated areas, the Army was convinced it had found the ideal training location. Construction of the Army camp began in September 1941. Although its completion was still months away, the Army activated the camp on 5 October, named it Camp Cooke in honor of Major General Phillip St. George Cooke. General Cooke was a cavalry officer whose military career spanned half a century, beginning with his graduation from West Point in 1827 to his retirement in 1873, he participated in the Mexican War, the Indian Wars, the Civil War. A native of Virginia, General Cooke remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War, his most enduring achievement came when as a colonel during the Mexican War, he led a battalion of Mormons from Missouri to California. The route led by Colonel Cooke in 1847 opened the first wagon route to California, today the railroad follows much of the early wagon trails.
Although the construction of Camp Cooke continued well into 1942, troop training did not wait. The 5th Armored Division rolled into camp in February and March, the steady roar of its tanks and artillery soon became part of the daily scene. From until the end of the war, other armored and infantry divisions kept up the din before they too left for overseas duty. Besides the 5th Division, the 6th, 11th, 13th, 20th Armored Divisions as well as the 86th and 97th Infantry Divisions, the 2nd Filipino Infantry Regiment were all stationed at Cooke at varying times during the war. Trained at Cooke were an assortment of anti-aircraft artillery, combat engineer and hospital units. Over 400 separate and distinct outfits passed through Camp Cooke; as the war progressed and Italian prisoners of war were quartered at Camp Cooke. Both groups were kept separate from each other in accordance with the 1929 Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War, worked on the post at various jobs including mechanical and civil engineering services, clerical positions, food service, the main laundry.
To help relieve the severe labor shortage in the commercial market created by wartime exigencies, the Germans worked in local communities – in agricultural jobs. A maximum security army disciplinary barracks was constructed on post property in 1946. Confined to the facility were military prisoners from throughout the Army; when Camp Cooke closed in June 1946, personnel at the disciplinary barracks received the additional duty as installation caretakers. The vast majority of the camp was leased for agriculture and grazing purposes. From August 1950 to February 1953, Camp Cooke served as a training installation for units slated for combat in Korea, as a summer training base for many other reserve units. On 1 February 1953, the camp was again inactivated; the disciplinary barracks, was transferred to the U. S. Bureau of Prisons to house civilian offenders in August 1959. Today it is known as Lompoc. In September 2000, veterans of the 40th Infantry Division gathered at Vandenberg Air Force Base to dedicate its Korean War Memorial.
In June 2001, the final remnants of Camp Cooke, including some barracks used by the 40th Infantry Division during its mobilization for the Korean War, were torn down. World War II Korean War 40th Infantry Division 44th Infantry Division With the advent of the missile age in the 1950s, an urgent need arose for an adequate training site that could serve as America's first combat ready missile base. In January 1956, a select committee was formed that examined more than 200 potential sites before Camp Cooke was chosen for the same characteristics the Army found desirable in 1941. Besides its size, remoteness from populated areas, moderate climate which afforded year-round operations Cooke's coastal location allowed missiles to be launched into the Pacific Ocean without population overflights; this same geographic feature enabled satellites to be launched into polar orbit directly toward the South Pole without overflying any land mass until reaching Antarctica. In September 1956, Secretary of the Air Force Donald A. Quarles accepted the committee's recommendation.
Zhao Haiyan is a former Chinese politician who spent most of her career in her home-province Henan. She was investigated by the Communist Party of China's anti-graft agency in July 2016, she served as Communist Party Secretary of Sanmenxia. Zhao was born in February 1963 in Henan, she entered the China University of Political Science and Law in September 1980, majoring in law, where she graduated in July 1984. After graduation, she entered politics as a civil servant in Henan Provincial Women's Federation. Zhao studied at Tsinghua University from September 2005 to July 2007 as a part-time student. In October 1998 she was promoted to become deputy party chief of Mianchi County, concurrently served as magistrate in May 2000, she was party chief of Yima in March 2001, held that office until August 2002. In August 2002, she was appointed the vice-mayor of Xinxiang, she remained in that position until October 2008, when she was transferred to Jiaozuo and appointed vice-mayor there, she became deputy party chief of Sanmenxia in May 2011, concurrently served as mayor of the city in July 2011, in August 2015 she was promoted again to become party chief, the top political position in the city, served until August 2016.
During her tenure, although she has held the position for only one year, she adjusted over one hundred positions of her subordinates. Some of the people who were close to her were promoted. So the folk called her "Secretary of Selling Official Position". On July 16, 2016, Zhao was suspected of "serious violations of discipline", said one-sentence statement issued by the ruling Communist Party's corruption watchdog body, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. On August 24, she removed from public office. On December 25, she was removed from membership of the National People's Congress, the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. On June 6, 2018, Zhao's husband Zhang Jin, who served as director of the Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration in Henan, was put under investigation for alleged "serious violations of discipline and laws."On November 30, 2018, she was sentenced 11 years in prison for bribery. She was charged with accepting bribes worth 10.25 million yuan by the Intermediate People's Court of Zhengzhou
Henri Cadiou was a French realist painter and lithographer known for his work in trompe-l'oeil paintings. He is credited with being a founder of the l’école de la réalité in 1949, he was president of the Association for the Protection of the Cité Fleurie, a wooded area around the boulevard Arago in Paris's 13th arrondissement where about thirty artist’s studios are located. Because of renewed interest in precursors to contemporary hyperrealism, the group of painters associated with the “peintres de la réalité” are seeing a contemporary resurgence and have been exhibiting now for about fifty years in the Salons as well as in personal or collective shows as well as in Europe, North America, Brazil, etc. 1906 March 26. Birth of Henri Cadiou in Paris. 1919 Lithographer pupil in the Estienne School which he had to leave after 6 months because of the death of his father. 1920 Training in an engraver on leather. Initiates himself with the drawing of ornament in the evening school. 1922 Work for a lithographer.
Frequent visits to the Louvre. 1924 Draws on living model during the evenings in the Froment school. Falls in love with Baudelaire. 1925 Military service in the Dragons in Colmar. Is fascinated by Grünewald 1927 Death of his mother. Becomes unemployed. 1928 Is interested in the history, popular art. Work in advertising, decoration. 1934 Is charmed by seeing "Peintres de la Réalité" in the Musée de l’Orangerie in Paris. 1935 Rent a workshop close to the rue Mouffetard. Creation of the REGAIN group influenced by Jean Giono. Get married and moves to 65, boulevard Arago, he shows at the Montmorency gallery. 1936 Birth of his first son Alain. 1937 He shows landscapes of Brittany at the Charpentier gallery. Exposure of the "popular Masters of the Reality" organized by Andy-Farcy, conservative of the Grenoble museum with the assistance of Maximilien Gauthier. 1938 Birth of his second son Gilles, who paints under the pseudonym of Pierre Gilou. 1939 Is subjected with the enucleation of his left eye in October. 1941 March 15.
Starts a school of Graphic arts, in Paris which will be recognized by the State. 1943 First exposure: "Painting of Reality" by Cadiou with the Contemporary gallery. Preface of Rene Méjean; the same year he organizes with the Chardin Gallery the exposure "Five painters of Reality": Cadiou, Jeannisson and Philippe Rouart. 1945 Birth of his daughter Anne-Marie. 1946 Is in charge of the "Friends of art" and organizes debates. He paints The child with the small flannel blanket which marks the beginning of what was called his “miserabilist period”, inspired by the after war realistic cinema and which will last ten years. May 1949 Peintres de la Réalité by Cadiou in the Carmine gallery. 1950 Exposure in the Bradtke gallery. 1951 Exposure Belval gallery in Nevers. He is refused by the “Salon d’Automne”. 1952 Joins the Salon des Artistes Indépendants. 1955 Personal exposure in May in the Romanet gallery. Cofounder of the Salon "Comparaisons" of which he will be Vice President until 1989. Organizes with some friends sharing the same ideas on art, the International exhibition of the Painters of Reality in the Marforen gallery.
1958 Second International exhibition of the Painters of Reality in Brussels. 1959 Edition of a book dedicated to Cadiou by Maximilien Gauthier. Edition of the book Painters of Reality in the 20th century prefaced by Jean Giono. 1960 Exposure in Madrid. 1961 Beginning of the Trompe l’oeil period with “Spatial Transcendence”, the parody of a Fontana work. Following a disagreement with the administration, he is fired from the direction of the graphic arts school that he had created and is disciplinarily transferred to Brittany as the manager of a Maritime and aquicultural School. 1962 the group of the Painters of the Reality, which he created, exposes trompe l’oeil. To make known his ideas, he publishes a satirical review on art: Art snob 1963 Exposure of The shower. 1964 For the tenth birthday of “Comparaisons”, he presents “L’étagère de cuisine”. The Painters of reality group exposes a satire of the contemporary art which they baptize "socio-experimental research" 1965 His “Panneau électoral” present in a humorous form a proclamation of the movement that he intends to promote.
1966 Realization of “La femme invisible” and “La cabine d’essayage”. 1967 Summer stays in Villeneuvette where join the Painters of Reality and their friends in an industrious and friendly environment. 1969 Paints the Homage to Marcel Duchamp who represents a “Trompe l’oeil” urinal 1970 Beginning of the combat for the safeguard of the “Cité Fleurie”. His pictorial production during ten years will be reduced. 1972 Paints La palisade in which it cannot be prevented from letting show through its concerns for the safeguard of the Cité fleurie. 1974 Paints the Fleuriste du métro Glacière which points out there still the attack of the “Cité fleurie” by the property developers. 1981 Paints his most famous painting: La déchirure. 1983 Exit of the book Cadiou trompe l’oeil published by Seth Eastman Moebs. 1989 With Gilou, he carries out a teaching work: “Painting of trompe l’oeil”. April 6, he dies after having written his newspaper like most days of his life. Henri Cadiou Pierre Gilou Œuvres de Pierre Gilou Joel Cadiou, grandson of Henri Cadiou