Boerne is a city in and the county seat of Kendall County, United States, in the Texas Hill Country. Boerne was named in honor of Ludwig Börne; the population of Boerne was 10,471 at the 2010 census. The city is noted for the landmark U. S. Supreme Court case City of Boerne v. Flores. Founded in 1849 as Tusculum, the name was changed to Boerne when the town was platted in 1852. Boerne is part of the San Antonio–New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Boerne is the home of the Guadalupe Valley Poetry Celebration, a regional poetry festival that benefits the Boerne Public Library. Boerne came into being as an offshoot of the Texas Hill Country Free Thinker Latin Settlements, resulting from the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states; those who came were Forty-Eighters, intellectual liberal abolitionists who enjoyed conversing in Latin and who believed in utopian ideals that guaranteed basic human rights to all. They reveled in passionate conversations about science, philosophy and music; the Free Thinkers first settled Castell, Bettina and Schoenburg in Llano County.
These experimental communities were supported by the Adelsverein for one year. The communities failed due to lack of finances after the Adelsverein funding expired, conflict of structure and authorities. Many of the pioneers from these communities moved to Sisterdale and Comfort. In 1849, a group of Free Thinker German colonists from Bettina camped on the north side of Cibolo Creek, about a mile west of the site of present Boerne, they named their new community after Cicero's Tusculum home in ancient Rome. In 1852, John James and Gustav Theissen, who helped settle Sisterdale, platted the townsite, renamed it in honor of German author Karl Ludwig Börne, with the Anglicized spelling of Boerne; the town was not incorporated until 1909. August Staffell was the original postmaster in 1856; the 1870 limestone courthouse, second-oldest in Texas, was designed by architects Philip Zoeller and J. F. Stendebach, stands directly across the street from the current 1998 courthouse designed by architects Rehler, Vaughn & Koone, Inc.
In March 1887, the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway came to town. The coming of the railroad was an economic boost of some magnitude, it created better conditions for the area. In the late 1870s, retired British army officers, including Glynn Turquand and Captain Egremont Shearburn, played one of the first polo matches in the United States in Boerne; the polo ground is still visible on Balcones Ranch, bought by Captain Turquand in 1878. Boerne's robust environment encouraged the health resort industry. Sisters of the Incarnate Word founded the St. Mary's Sanitarium in 1896 for pulmonary patients. E. Wright contracted with the Veterans Administration in 1919 to provide care for World War I veterans suffering from lung ailments. Karl Degener organized the Boerne Gesang Verein and the Boerne Village Band in 1860; the family and descendants of Sisterdale resident Baron Ottomar von Behr have included three generations of directors of the Boerne Village Band, four generations of musicians. The band is billed as "Oldest Continuously Organized German Band in the World outside Germany", in 1998 the Federal Republic of Germany recognized the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.
Boerne is located at 29°47′40″N 98°43′53″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.1 square miles, of which 5.8 square miles are land and 0.3 square miles is covered by water. The town is 30 miles northwest of downtown San Antonio. Two of Texas' seven show caves are located in Boerne: Cave Without a Name and Cascade Caverns, they are both growing limestone-solution caves. Boerne has a typical central Texas humid subtropical climate with hot humid summers and winters that average mild, but vary from hot to cold. Although 46.1 mornings per year fall below freezing, snowfall is rare: between 1971 and 2000, the median was zero and the mean 0.5 inches or 0.013 metres. Temperatures at or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C have occurred only three times on record: December 22, 1929, January 31, 1949, February 2, 1951, with the second being the coldest at −4 °F or −20 °C. In contrast to these cold spells, February 20 and 21, 1986, both reached 94 °F, February 21 to 24, 1996 had four successive afternoons over 93 °F, January 1943 had three days reach 86 °F or 30 °C.
The absolute hottest temperature has been 112 °F or 44.4 °C on August 23, 1925. Summer weather is hot, can be either dry or humid: 91.6 afternoons reach above 90 °F or 32.2 °C, although only 3.6 afternoons reach 100 °F or 37.8 °C. The summer months are dry as the region is too far east of the monsoonal trough, but remnants of hurricanes tracking inland can produce heavy rainfall, indeed, as in the wettest month of July 2002 when 28.43 inches fell and the first five days as much as 25.47 inches or 646.9 millimetres. The wettest days in Boerne have been October 2, 1913, with 9.04 inches and June 22, 1997, with 8.93 inches. In contrast, no rain fell between June 27 and August 31 of 1993, with only 1.45 inches or 36.8 millimetres between June and August 1910. Winter rain occurs via Pacific storms redeveloping over the Gulf of Mexico and directing a moist southeasterly flow.
Lackland Air Force Base
Lackland Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located in Bexar County, Texas. The base is under the jurisdiction of the 802d Mission Support Group, Air Education and Training Command and an enclave of the city of San Antonio, it is the only entry processing station for Air Force enlisted Basic Military Training. Lackland AFB is part of Joint Base San Antonio, an amalgamation of the Fort Sam Houston, the Randolph Air Force Base and Lackland Air Force Base, which were merged on 1 October 2010. Joint Base San Antonio, which includes Lackland Air Force Base, was established in accordance with congressional legislation implementing the recommendations of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission; the legislation ordered the consolidation of the three facilities which were adjoining, but separate military installations, into a single joint base – one of 12 joint bases formed in the United States as a result of the law. 502d Installation Support GroupA unit of the JBSA 502d Air Base Wing, the 502d ISG is the focal point for all base activities and supporting the 37th and 737th Training Groups and all of its mission partners as well as the more than 24,000 retirees living in the local area.37th Training Wing37th Training Group Provides professional and technical training in the knowledge and skills needed for graduates to perform their jobs worldwide.
Joint service training for Air Force, Army and Marine personnel is provided in numerous courses, such as the military working dog program and security and law enforcement 737th Training Group Provides Air Force Basic Military Training for all enlisted people entering the Air Force, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard, earning Lackland the nickname, "Gateway to the Air Force."Inter-American Air Forces AcademyFostering enduring Inter-American engagement through education and training. Teaches 37 technical courses, in Spanish and in English, to students from more than 22 countries every year. Defense Language InstitutePrimary mission was to teach English to Allied pilot candidates. In 1966, its mission expanded to include other career fields, the school moved under the DoD with the U. S. Army as the executive agent. Twenty-Fifth Air ForceOrganizes, trains and presents assigned forces and capabilities to conduct intelligence and reconnaissance for combatant commanders and the nation, it implements and oversees the execution of Air Force policies intended to expand ISR capabilities.
Twenty-Fourth Air ForceExtends and defends the Air Force portion of the Department of Defense network and provide full spectrum capabilities for the Joint warfighter in, from cyberspace. 624th Operations CenterInterfaces with theater and functional Air Operations Centers to establish, direct, coordinate and command & control cyber operations in support of AF and Joint warfighting requirements. Lackland AFB hosts a collection of vintage military aircraft on static display on its parade grounds, including a Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, B-29 Superfortress, C-121 Constellation, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and a B-25 Mitchell. Lackland Air Force Base is home to the 37th Training Wing which operates a variety of training squadrons. Within the 37th TRW is the 37th Training Group which oversees the 5 technical training schools on the base, the 737 TRG which oversees the Basic Military Training squadrons. Lackland is best known for its role in being the sole location for U.
S. Air Force enlisted Basic Military Training for the active duty Regular Air Force, Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard. BMT is organized into each with their own training site on the base; each squadron is equipped with either a medical clinic. Some BMT squadrons share dining facilities if they are located close enough together and the same is true for medical clinics; each squadron has a specific exercise area where basic trainees conduct physical readiness training. AFOSI anti-terrorism teams are trained here. In October 2008 the BMT was expanded an extra two weeks to implement more air base defense training as well as other rudimentary skills; the BMT course of training is at 8 1⁄2 weeks. Prior to 22 September 1993, Lackland AFB's Medina Annex was home to Air Force Officer Training School, one of three USAF officer accession and commissioning sources in addition to the U. S. Air Force Academy and Air Force ROTC. On 25 September 1993, OTS permanently relocated to Alabama. Lackland, like many other Air Education and Training Command bases, trains enlisted airmen out of basic training in a specific specialty via various "tech schools."
Lackland has six technical training squadrons on base training multiple airmen in various Air Force Specialty Codes. The 37th Training Group supports the following five training squadrons and trains technical training instructors, military training instructors and military training leaders; the 341st Training Squadron trains military working dogs and handlers for the entire Department of Defense and several federal agencies. The 342nd Training Squadron teaches Pararescuemen, Combat Controllers, Special Operations Weathermen, Tactical Air Control Party members, Evasion and Escape Specialists, a variety of advanced Security Forces courses; the 343rd TRS trains airmen to become Security Forces members in a 13-week academy. The 344th TRS provides technical training for more than 10,000 active duty, Guard and civilian students annually in Career Enlisted Aviator, Vehicle Maintenance, Logistics Readiness Officer, Logistics Plans, Materiel Management
Devine is a city in Medina County, United States. The population was 4,350 at the 2010 census, it is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. Devine, Texas, is named for a native of San Antonio. Devine is located at 29°8′38″N 98°54′22″W; this is 25 miles southwest of Downtown San Antonio. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,140 people, 1,443 households, 1,079 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,331.4 people per square mile. There were 1,551 housing units at an average density of 498.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 76.64% White, 0.68% African American, 0.77% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 18.53% from other races, 3.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 52.25% of the population. There were 1,443 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.2% were non-families.
22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.29. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,712, the median income for a family was $35,429. Males had a median income of $26,395 versus $18,605 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,530. About 16.6% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 29.1% of those age 65 or over. The City of Devine is served by the Devine Independent School District; the city serves as the setting for the murder mystery The Lesser of Two Evils by Zoe E. Whitten.
NatureSweet, a tomato cultivar, was founded in the city. The city is a General Law A Municipality with Government of a Mayor and Five Councilmen and/or Councilwomen; the mayor is William L. Herring. City of Devine Handbook of Texas Online: Devine, Texas City of Devine Modern photos
Guadalupe County, Texas
Guadalupe County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 131,533; the county seat is Seguin. The county is named after Guadalupe River. Guadalupe County is part of the San Antonio, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Indigenous paleo-Indian hunter-gatherers were the first inhabitants of the area, thousands of years before European colonization. Historic Indian tribes settled in the area, including Tonkawa, Kickapoo, Lipan Apache, Comanche. In 1689, Alonso de Leon named the Guadalupe River for Spain in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe. In 1806, French army officer José de la Baume, who joined the Spanish army, was rewarded for his services to Spain with title to 27,000 acres of Texas land, the original El Capote Ranch; the grant was reaffirmed by the Republic of Mexico. Following Mexico's independence from Spain, Anglo-Americans from the United States settled in Texas in 1821 and claimed Mexican citizenship. In 1825, Guadalupe County was part of Green DeWitt's petition for a land grant to establish a colony in Texas, approved by the Mexican government.
From 1827 to 1835, twenty-two families settled the area as part of DeWitt's colony. Following Texas' gaining independence from Mexico, 33 Gonzales Rangers and Republic veterans established Seguin. Founded as Walnut Springs in 1838, the settlement's name was changed to Seguin the next year to honor Juan Nepomuceno Seguín, who had fought for independence. In 1840, the Virginian Michael Erskine acquired the El Capote Ranch for use as a cattle ranch. In 1842, the Republic of Texas organized Guadalupe County as a judicial county; the Texas Supreme Court declared judicial counties to be unconstitutional. In 1845, Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secured title to 1,265 acres of the Veramendi grant in the northern part of the former judicial county. Following the annexation of Texas by the United States, the Prussian immigrant August Wilhelm Schumann arrived on the Texas coast aboard the SS Franziska in 1846 and purchased 188 acres in Guadalupe County. Shortly thereafter, the state legislature established the present county from parts of Bexar and Gonzales counties.
In 1846, during the war between the United States and Mexico, a wagon train of German immigrant settlers bought Guadalupe land from August Schumann. The following year the town of Schumannsville was established by German immigrants and named after him. Numerous German immigrants entered Texas at Galveston following the revolutions of 1848 in German states, settling in Guadalupe County and central Texas. After their own struggles, they tended to oppose slavery; the last Indian raid into the area was made by the Kickapoo in 1855. By 1860, there were 1,748 slaves of African descent in the county brought in from the South by slaveholder migrants. In 1861, the people of the county voted 314–22 in favor of secession from the Union. Guadalupe County sent several troops to fight for the Confederate States Army. Following the end of the Civil War and the emancipation of the slaves, a Freedmen's Bureau office opened in 1866 in Seguin to supervise work contracts between former slaves and area farmers. Together, German Americans and African Americans joined the Republican Party, leading Guadalupe County to be a reliably Republican one into the 20th century after the state disfranchisement of African Americans in 1901 by imposition of a poll tax.
By 1876, the Galveston and San Antonio Railway reached Seguin. It was completed as far as San Antonio the following year. By 1880, ethnic Germans accounted for 40 percent of the county population. Tenant farming and sharecropping accounted for the operation of 25 percent of the county's farms. By 1910, immigrants from Mexico accounted for 11½ percent of the country’s population. In 1929, oil was discovered at the Darst Creek oilfield. By 1930, tenant farming and sharecropping comprised 64 percent of the county's farms. Over the next five decades, the economy changed markedly as the area became more urbanized and less dependent on agriculture. By 1982, professional and related services and wholesale and retail trade involved nearly 60 percent of the work force in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles, of which 711 square miles is land and 3.5 square miles is water. Interstate 10 Interstate 35 U. S. Highway 90 U. S. Highway 90 Alternate State Highway 46 State Highway 123 State Highway 130 Hays County Caldwell County Gonzales County Wilson County Bexar County Comal County As of the census of 2000, there were 89,023 people, 30,900 households, 23,823 families residing in the county.
The population density was 125 people per square mile. There were 33,585 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.65% White, 5.01% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 12.76% from other races, 3.07% from two or more races. 33.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 30,900 households out of which 38.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.60% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.90% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.23. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65
Cibolo is a city in Guadalupe and Bexar counties, United States. It is part of the San Antonio–New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. Cibolo voted to become an independent township on October 9, 1965; as of the 2010 census, Cibolo had a population of 15,349, up from 3,035 at the 2000 census. In 2015, the estimated population was 26,637. In 2016, the estimated population was 27,855. In 2017, the estimated population was 29,249. Cibolo voted to become an independent township on October 9, 1965. O. Grooms, Councilman Carl Biser, Councilman Ted Dykes, Councilman Alwin Lieck, Councilman Fred Niemietz and Councilman D. O. Trotti. However, the City of Cibolo’s history begins long before this historic date. Before the first European settlers arrived, the Comanche as well as several other Native American tribes lived in Cibolo; the name Cibolo means "buffalo". "cibolo" was a name given to the bison by the Spaniards when they saw in large numbers during an expedition in search of a mythical town called Cibola.
The community first established when the Southern Pacific Railroad cut through the area en route to major cities like Houston and San Antonio. Over time, Cibolo developed into the suburb. In 1867, George Schlather built a store on land purchased by his father Jacob. In 1882, the Schlathers sold the store to Charles Fromme; the community became known by this name. In 1877, the Galveston and San Antonio Railway station serving the area was called Cibolo Valley. In 1883, the US Post Office called it Cibolo. By 1890, the population was 100 people. Beginning in the 21st century, Cibolo has experienced high levels of growth, increasing 733 percent since 2000, when the population was 3,035 people. Between 2000 and 2010, the population increased 545 percent to 19,580 people; as Cibolo has grown, its share of the county population has increased. In 2000, Cibolo accounted for only 3.4 percent of Guadalupe County’s population. However, between 2000 and 2010 Cibolo captured 38.9 percent of the county’s growth, its share of the population increased to 14.9 percent.
Between 2010 and 2013, Cibolo acquired 22.3 percent of the growth in Guadalupe County, today Cibolo accounts for 17 percent of the county’s population. As with any growing city, Cibolo has had its growing pains. In recent history, these include ceding a majority of the City's Extraterritorial District to the neighboring city of Schertz, a fight between the mayor and mayor pro-tem, the lack of records regarding the rezoning of the property that would become the city's first Super Wal-Mart and a recall election that ousted two members of the City Council, a mayor who resigns, the questionable communications of a possible toll road through the city. In 2013, Wal-Mart announced. Due to its location adjacent to a single family subdivision and elementary school, many local residents were outraged. During the initial development process, words got heated. Additionally, there were accusations that the City Staff had cut corners in paperwork to include not following the City's development code or showing records that the property had been rezoned properly to allow for big box retailers.
The City staff was exonerated, but not after one member of the staff tendered his resignation and another was fired by the city manager. Moreover, this controversy led to the recall election of four Cibolo council men and women with two being recalled and an ordinance that banned alcohol near schools and churches; the Wal-Mart opened up in January 2016 and has been an economic spur for the City. A positive outcome for Cibolo after the Wal-Mart ordeal was the demand of the citizens for more transparency; this demand led to the city live streaming and posting all public meetings on its website. Though there were technical glitches in the beginning, this now has become a valuable tool to keep the City leaders in check and proceedings more transparent. Cibolo was the first small town in the San Antonio Metrocom to do this. In 2015, the mayor at the time, Lisa Jackson, resigned her role as mayor of Cibolo a few weeks prior to the election of a new mayor; the background is that a Cibolo councilman/Mayor Pro Tem and a candidate for District 7 council that year were involved in a public discussion that resulted in the candidate using slanderous language about the councilman at a public event.
After the event, a mediation was held between the 2 men, the Planning and Zoning President, of which there was an agreement set that had the Planning and Zoning member apologize publicly to the councilman. Prior to that mediation, the Mayor Pro Tem wanted to file an ethics complaint against the Planning and Zoning member, but instead felt a public apology would suffice; the mayor was briefed on this agreement by the Mayor Pro Tem. However, the two men made a side agreement; the mayor was informed of the side agreement prior to 2015 City Council meeting. Mayor Jackson resigned her post stating she could not condone back door agreements and risk the trust of the citizens of Cibolo in regards to the outcome affecting the November 2015 election with knowledge of ethics violations sited by the Mayor Pro Tem. See the following reference and fast forward to the 1 hour, 28 minute, 26 second mark of the referenced YouTube video to watch the resignation unfold. However, as the City's champion for ethics and with her own stated knowledge of ethics violations, sh
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business. Tourism may be international, or within the traveller's country; the World Tourism Organization defines tourism more in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure and not less than 24 hours and other purposes". Tourism can be domestic or international, international tourism has both incoming and outgoing implications on a country's balance of payments. Tourism suffered as a result of a strong economic slowdown of the late-2000s recession, between the second half of 2008 and the end of 2009, the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, but recovered. International tourism receipts grew to US$1.03 trillion in 2005, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. International tourist arrivals surpassed the milestone of 1 billion tourists globally for the first time in 2012, emerging markets such as China and Brazil had increased their spending over the previous decade.
The ITB Berlin is the world's leading tourism trade fair. Global tourism accounts for ca. 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions. The word tourist was used in 1772 and tourism in 1811, it is formed from the word tour, derived from Old English turian, from Old French torner, from Latin tornare. Tourism has become an important source of income for many regions and entire countries; the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 recognized its importance as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations."Tourism brings large amounts of income into a local economy in the form of payment for goods and services needed by tourists, accounting as of 2011 for 30% of the world's trade in services, for 6% of overall exports of goods and services. It generates opportunities for employment in the service sector of the economy associated with tourism; the hospitality industries which benefit from tourism include transportation services.
This is in addition to goods bought by tourists, including souvenirs. On the flip-side, tourism can degrade sour relationships between host and guest. In 1936, the League of Nations defined a foreign tourist as "someone traveling abroad for at least twenty-four hours", its successor, the United Nations, amended this definition in 1945, by including a maximum stay of six months. In 1941, Hunziker and Kraft defined tourism as "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, insofar as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected with any earning activity." In 1976, the Tourism Society of England's definition was: "Tourism is the temporary, short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they live and work and their activities during the stay at each destination. It includes movements for all purposes." In 1981, the International Association of Scientific Experts in Tourism defined tourism in terms of particular activities chosen and undertaken outside the home.
In 1994, the United Nations identified three forms of tourism in its Recommendations on Tourism Statistics: Domestic tourism, involving residents of the given country traveling only within this country Inbound tourism, involving non-residents traveling in the given country Outbound tourism, involving residents traveling in another countryThe terms tourism and travel are sometimes used interchangeably. In this context, travel implies a more purposeful journey; the terms tourism and tourist are sometimes used pejoratively, to imply a shallow interest in the cultures or locations visited. By contrast, traveler is used as a sign of distinction; the sociology of tourism has studied the cultural values underpinning these distinctions and their implications for class relations. International tourist arrivals reached 1.035 billion in 2012, up from over 996 million in 2011, 952 million in 2010. In 2011 and 2012, international travel demand continued to recover from the losses resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009.
After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007. The negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts. The World Tourism Organization reports the following ten destinations as the most visited in terms of the number of international travelers in 2017. International tourism receipts grew to US$1.26 Trillion in 2015, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 4.4% from 2014. The World Tourism Organization reports the following entities as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2015: The World Tourism Organizati
Castroville is a city in Medina County, United States. The population was 2,680 at the 2010 census. Prior to 1893, Castroville was the first county seat of Medina County. Castroville is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. Castroville was established in 1844 by Henri Castro, an empresario of the Republic of Texas, who brought several dozen European families to the area from Alsace and adjoining Baden to populate his land grant along the Medina River 20 miles west of San Antonio; the first colonists disembarked at Galveston on January 9, 1843. They were taken by ship to Lavaca Bay and traveled overland to San Antonio, where they took shelter in abandoned buildings until the Texas Rangers were prepared to escort them to their land and protect them from hostile Indians. On September 2, 1844, the first colonists arrived at Castro's land grant on the Medina River. From 1849, Castroville, on the Medina River was a water stop on the San Antonio-El Paso Road and a stagecoach station on the San Antonio-El Paso Mail Line and San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line.
After a few hard years, the town and surrounding farms flourished. In Castroville's first century, a visitor would be more to hear Alsatian — a dialect spoken in Europe before Standard German was prevalent — than English spoken in the town's homes and taverns. Modern Alsatian travelers noted that the dialect spoken in Castroville was more like that, spoken in the 1840s; the descendants of the original settlers worked diligently to preserve their language, whose usage in Europe has been diminished by political actions of France and Germany since World War II. Today, native speakers of Alsatian are dying out, fewer of the town's residents can trace their ancestry back to the original Castro Colonists; the suburbs of nearby San Antonio are encroaching, much of the town has been designated as the Castroville Historic District to preserve the unique, sloped-roof architecture of dozens of original Alsatian homes and shops. The Steinbach Haus was dismantled and reconstructed in Castroville in 1998.
It was opened to the public in 2002. Castroville is a sister city of Ensisheim in France. Castroville is located at 29°21′N 98°53′W; this is 20 miles west of Downtown San Antonio. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles, of which, 2.5 square miles of it is land and 0.39% is covered with water. As of the census of 2010, 3,053 people resided in the city; the population density was 1,045.4 people per square mile. There were 1,025 housing units at an average density of 402.2 per square mile. Of the 941 households, 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.5% were not families. About 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was distributed as 28.0% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,308, for a family was $51,007. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $27,228 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,615. About 5.4% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. The City of Castroville is served by the Medina Valley Independent School District and Saint Louis Catholic School. Castroville, Texas official Page Castroville Chamber of Commerce https://web.archive.org/web/20110128123337/http://preservecastroville.com/ https://web.archive.org/web/20090902091004/http://www.castrovilletx.com/castroville-texas-history.htm Castroville Texas City History Handbook of Texas Online: Castroville, Texas